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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818841/distinct-intestinal-adaptation-for-vitamin-b12-and-bile-acid-absorption-revealed-in-a-new-mouse-model-of-massive-ileocecal-resection
#1
Yuka Matsumoto, Wakana Mochizuki, Shintaro Akiyama, Taichi Matsumoto, Kengo Nozaki, Mamoru Watanabe, Tetsuya Nakamura
Ileocecal resection (ICR), one of several types of intestinal resection that results in short bowel syndrome (SBS), causes severe clinical disease in humans. We here describe a mouse model of massive ICR in which 75% of the distal small intestine is removed. We demonstrate that mice underwent 75% ICR show severe clinical signs and high mortality, which may recapitulate severe forms of human SBS, despite an adaptive response throughout the remnant intestine. By using this model, we also investigated whether the epithelium of the remnant intestine shows enhanced expression of factors involved in region-specific functions of the ileum...
August 17, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808041/inclusion-of-a-genetic-risk-score-into-a-validated-risk-prediction-model-for-colorectal-cancer-in-japanese-men-improves-performance
#2
Motoki Iwasaki, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Aya Kuchiba, Taiki Yamaji, Norie Sawada, Atsushi Goto, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Hansong Wang, Loïc Le Marchand, Shoichiro Tsugane
We previously developed and validated a risk prediction model for colorectal cancer in Japanese men using modifiable risk factors. To further improve risk prediction, we evaluated the degree of improvement obtained by adding a genetic risk score (GRS) using genome-wide association study (GWAS)-identified risk variants to our validated model. We examined the association between 36 risk variants identified by GWAS and colorectal cancer risk using a weighted Cox proportional hazards model in a nested case-control study within the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806631/unraveling-complex-relationships-among-dysphoric-disorder-localization-related-epilepsy-and-mood-disorders
#3
Tetsufumi Suda, Yasutaka Tatsuzawa, Taichi Mogi, Aihide Yoshino
BACKGROUND: Dysphoric disorder (DD), characterized by intermittent pleomorphic symptoms, has been believed to be specific to epilepsy. However, our previous study revealed that DD in patients with localization-related epilepsy was associated with a lifetime diagnosis of mood disorders. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of DD in patients with mood disorders, but not epilepsy, and to identify the clinical similarities and differences of DD in patients with either epilepsy or mood disorders...
August 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806513/intraperitoneal-delivery-of-cisplatin-via-a-hyaluronan-based-nanogel-in-situ-crosslinkable-hydrogel-hybrid-system-for-peritoneal-dissemination-of-gastric-cancer
#4
Seiichi Ohta, Shota Hiramoto, Yuki Amano, Shigenobu Emoto, Hironori Yamaguchi, Hironori Ishigami, Joji Kitayama, Taichi Ito
Intraperitoneal administration of chemotherapeutics is expected for the treatment of peritoneally disseminated gastric cancer, because of poor migration of the drugs from the systemic circulation to the peritoneal cavity. In this study, for intraperitoneal delivery of cisplatin (CDDP), we developed a hyaluronan (HA)-based hybrid system in which CDDP-loaded HA nanogels were either physically encapsulated in or chemically conjugated to injectable HA hydrogels. Physical encapsulation enabled sustained release of HA nanogels from the HA hydrogel matrix for over a week...
August 14, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805568/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-exercise-in-nonmotor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Indu Subramanian
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy in nonmotor symptoms (NMS) for Parkinson disease (PD) is growing worldwide. Well-performed, systematic evidence-based research is largely lacking in this area and many studies include various forms of CAM with small patient numbers and a lack of standardization of the approaches studied. Taichi, Qigong, dance, yoga, mindfulness, acupuncture, and other CAM therapies are reviewed and there is some evidence for the following: Taichi in sleep and PDQ39; dance in cognition, apathy, and a mild trend to improved fatigue; yoga in PDQ39; and acupuncture in depression, PDQ39, and sleep...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805277/two-dimensional-physical-gels-can-exist-even-at-zero-surface-pressure-at-the-air-water-interface-rheology-of-self-assembled-domains-of-small-molecules
#6
Mariam Veschgini, Taichi Habe, Salomé Mielke, Shigeto Inoue, Xianhe Liu, Marie Pierre Krafft, Motomu Tanaka
Films of mesoscopic domains self-assembled from fluorocarbon/hydrocarbon diblocks (FnHm) at the air/water interface were found to display highly elastic behavior. We determined the interfacial viscoelasticity of domain-patterned FnHm Langmuir monolayers by applying periodic shear stresses. Remarkably, we found the formation of two-dimensional gels even at zero surface pressure. These monolayers are predominantly elastic, which is unprecedented for surfactants, exhibiting gelation only at high surface pressures...
August 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801630/the-role-of-snell-s-law-for-a-magnonic-majority-gate
#7
Naoki Kanazawa, Taichi Goto, Koji Sekiguchi, Alexander B Granovsky, Caroline A Ross, Hiroyuki Takagi, Yuichi Nakamura, Hironaga Uchida, Mitsuteru Inoue
In the fifty years since the postulation of Moore's Law, the increasing energy consumption in silicon electronics has motivated research into emerging devices. An attractive research direction is processing information via the phase of spin waves within magnonic-logic circuits, which function without charge transport and the accompanying heat generation. The functional completeness of magnonic logic circuits based on the majority function was recently proved. However, the performance of such logic circuits was rather poor due to the difficulty of controlling spin waves in the input junction of the waveguides...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781321/re-recognition-of-age-dependent-reference-range-for-the-serum-creatinine-level-in-teenagers-a-case-of-slowly-progressive-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-which-occurred-in-an-adolescent
#8
Hiroyuki Ono, Kojiro Nagai, Eriko Shibata, Motokazu Matsuura, Seiji Kishi, Taizo Inagaki, Masanori Minato, Sakiya Yoshimoto, Sayo Ueda, Fumiaki Obata, Kenji Nishimura, Masanori Tamaki, Fumi Kishi, Taichi Murakami, Hideharu Abe, Yukiko Kinoshita, Maki Urushihara, Shoji Kagami, Toshio Doi
For the first time, a 15-year-old boy was found to have a slight degree of proteinuria and microscopic hematuria during annual school urinalysis screening. His kidney function had already severely deteriorated. A kidney biopsy revealed tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) with diffuse inflammatory cell infiltration. His medical records showed his serum creatinine level to be 0.98 mg/dL two years ago, which was abnormally high considering his age. Although the etiology of slowly progressive TIN was unclear, glucocorticoid and immunosuppressant therapy improved his kidney function...
August 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774276/successful-treatment-of-highly-advanced-immunoglobulin-g4-related-kidney-disease-presenting-renal-mass-like-regions-with-end-stage-kidney-failure-a-case-study
#9
Hiroyuki Ono, Taichi Murakami, Akira Mima, Eriko Shibata, Masanori Tamaki, Sakiya Yoshimoto, Sayo Ueda, Fumi Kishi, Seiji Kishi, Takashi Kawanaka, Motokazu Matsuura, Kojiro Nagai, Hideharu Abe, Masashi Harada, Toshio Doi
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related kidney disease characterized by immunoglobulin G4-positive plasma cell-rich tubulointerstitial nephritis has distinctive serological and radiological findings. Renal prognosis is good because of a good response to glucocorticoids. Here we report a case of successful treatment of highly advanced immunoglobulin G4-related kidney disease presenting renal mass-like regions with end-stage kidney failure. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital because of uremia with a creatinine level of 12...
August 3, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765341/coffee-and-green-tea-consumption-and-subsequent-risk-of-malignant-lymphoma-and-multiple-myeloma-in-japan-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#10
Tomotaka Ugai, Keitaro Matsuo, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Yoshinobu Kanda, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of coffee and green tea consumption and the risk of malignant lymphoma and multiple myeloma in a large-scale population-based cohort study in Japan.Methods: In this analysis, a total of 95,807 Japanese subjects (45,937 men and 49,870 women; ages 40-69 years at baseline) of the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study who completed a questionnaire about their coffee and green tea consumption were followed up until December 31, 2012, for an average of 18 years...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764545/dynamic-viscoelasticity-measurement-under-alternative-torque-using-electromagnetically-spinning-method-with-quadruple-electromagnets
#11
Yusuke Matsuura, Taichi Hirano, Keiji Sakai
In this study, we developed a novel type of rheological measurement system. Here, a spherical probe is driven to rotate periodically by applying torques using quadruple electromagnets in a noncontact manner. Moreover, this system is an enhancement of our electromagnetically spinning (EMS) viscometer, which is widely used for measuring rheological flow curves in various industrial fields. The quadruple EMS method provides the frequency spectrum of viscoelasticity, in addition to shear viscosity, in a steady flow by switching the operation modes of the driving torque...
July 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762185/consideration-of-the-intracranial-pressure-threshold-value-for-the-initiation-of-traumatic-brain-injury-treatment-a-xenon-ct-and-perfusion-ct-study
#12
Mitsuru Honda, Ryo Ichibayashi, Ginga Suzuki, Hiroki Yokomuro, Yoshikatsu Seiki, Shigeru Sase, Taichi Kishi
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) is considered to be fundamental for the care of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is routinely used to direct medical and surgical therapy. Accordingly, some guidelines for the management of severe TBI recommend that treatment be initiated for ICP values >20 mmHg. However, it remained to be accounted whether there is a scientific basis to this instruction. The purpose of the present study was to clarify whether the basis of ICP values >20 mmHg is appropriate...
July 31, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752620/population-based-incidence-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-type-2-diabetes-medical-claims-data-analysis-in-japan
#13
Masato Takeuchi, Taichi Kawamura, Izumi Sato, Koji Kawakami
PURPOSE: Determination of the incidence rate of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is urgent, in response to the safety issue with use of the glucose lowering drugs, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and DKA. METHODS: We extracted data of adult patients with T2DM from a medical claims database in Japan, which included 1 million individuals. The study period was 2005-2013, before the era of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors...
July 28, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748454/recurrence-with-pagetoid-spread-arising-17%C3%A2-years-after-surgery-for-intramucosal-rectal-cancer-a-case-report
#14
Taichi Matsubara, Yuta Kasagi, Kippei Ogaki, Yu Nakaji, Ryota Nakanishi, Yuichiro Nakashima, Masahiko Sugiyama, Hideto Sonoda, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Perianal Paget's disease (pPD) is uncommon, with only about 180 cases documented in the literature. Anorectal carcinoma with pagetoid spread is even rarer. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old woman underwent rectal cancer extirpation with a transanal approach 17 years prior. She has since undergone two reoperations for local rectal cancer recurrence. Then, warts frequently appeared on the vulva on several occasions. Warts appeared on the vulva 1 year ago, which were diagnosed as pPD by biopsy...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746063/left-atrial-appendage-resection-during-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-surgery-via-right-minithoracotomy
#15
Nobuo Kondo, Toshinori Totsugawa, Arudo Hiraoka, Kentaro Tamura, Hidenori Yoshitaka, Taichi Sakaguchi
Here, we report concomitant resection of the left atrial appendage through the transverse sinus during minimally invasive aortic valve replacement via right anterolateral thoracotomy. The left atrial appendage was exposed by raising the collapsed ascending aorta and was safely resected using a surgical stapling device. This procedure is a feasible option in elderly patients, for whom a percutaneous procedure would be inappropriate, and could be useful for preventing thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications...
July 25, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739710/discrepancy-in-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-between-primary-and-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Shinkichi Takamori, Gouji Toyokawa, Isamu Okamoto, Kazuki Takada, Yuka Kozuma, Taichi Matsubara, Naoki Haratake, Takaki Akamine, Masakazu Katsura, Nobutaka Mukae, Fumihiro Shoji, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshinao Oda, Toru Iwaki, Koji Iihara, Yoichi Nakanishi, Yoshihiko Maehara
AIM: To investigate the discordance in the programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression between primary and metastatic tumors and analyze the association between the discordance and the clinical factors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one NSCLC patients who underwent surgery or biopsy for paired primary and metastatic lesions at our Institution from 2005 to 2016 were analyzed. Lesions with the PD-L1 expression being ≥5% were considered PD-L1-positive...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729251/inclusion-of-a-genetic-risk-score-into-a-validated-risk-prediction-model-for-colorectal-cancer-in-japanese-men-improves-performance
#17
Motoki Iwasaki, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Aya Kuchiba, Taiki Yamaji, Norie Sawada, Atsushi Goto, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Hansong Wang, Loic Le Marchand, Shoichiro Tsugane
We previously developed and validated a risk prediction model for colorectal cancer in Japanese men using modifiable risk factors. To further improve risk prediction, we evaluated the degree of improvement obtained by adding a genetic risk score (GRS) using genome-wide association study (GWAS)-identified risk variants to our validated model. We examined the association between 36 risk variants identified by GWAS and colorectal cancer risk using a weighted Cox proportional hazard model in a nested case-control study within the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728431/radiographic-temporal-subtraction-analysis-can-detect-finger-joint-space-narrowing-progression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-clinical-low-disease-activity
#18
Taichi Okino, Tamotsu Kamishima, Kenneth Lee Sutherland, Jun Fukae, Akihiro Narita, Shota Ichikawa, Kazuhide Tanimura
Background Recent papers suggest that finger joints with positive synovial vascularity (SV) assessed by ultrasonography under clinical low disease activity (CLDA) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients may cause joint space narrowing (JSN) progression. Purpose To investigate the performance of a computer-based method by directly comparing with the conventional scoring method in terms of the detectability of JSN progression in hand radiography of RA patients with CLDA. Material and Methods Fifteen RA patients (13 women, 2 men) with long-term sustained CLDA of >2 years were included...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724661/fermented-soy-product-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-the-development-of-high-blood-pressure-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#19
Miho Nozue, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Hadrien Charvat, Nagisa Mori, Michihiro Mutoh, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Manami Inoue, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: Randomized controlled studies have investigated the short-term effect of soy product intake on blood pressure (BP) in normotensive people. To our knowledge, no prospective studies exist on the effect of habitual intake of fermented soy products, separate from total soy products, on BP in the general population.Objective: We examined the association between the habitual intake of soy products, including fermented soy products, and the development of high BP during a 5-y period among participants in a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717168/dynamics-and-function-of-cxcr4-in-formation-of-the-granule-cell-layer-during-hippocampal-development
#20
Yuka Mimura-Yamamoto, Hiroshi Shinohara, Taichi Kashiwagi, Toru Sato, Seiji Shioda, Tatsunori Seki
In the developing hippocampus, granule cell progenitors (GCPs) arising in the ventricular zone (VZ) migrate to the subpial region, and form the granule cell layer (GCL) of the dentate gyrus (DG). To understand the mechanism of GCL formation, we investigated the dynamics and function of CXCR4 which is expressed by the GCPs and is a receptor of the CXCL12 chemokine secreted by cells surrounding the DG. In the VZ, CXCR4 was expressed on the plasma membrane of the GCPs. During their migration and in the DG, CXCR4 was internalized and accumulated as puncta close to the centrosomes, Golgi apparatus, and lysosomes...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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