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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848016/laparoscopic-supracervical-hysterectomy-for-the-larger-uterus-500%C3%A2-g-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#1
Lauren McGurk, Reeba Oliver, Funlayo Odejinmi
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, the current trend for surgical hysterectomy for the large uterus is by laparotomy, where vaginal hysterectomy is not feasible. The benefits of a laparoscopic approach to hysterectomy are well documented, but limited literature is available on laparoscopic hysterectomy in the larger uterus. A supracervical hysterectomy should be considered for women, where there is no contraindication to a residual cervix. OBJECTIVE: To compare surgical outcomes for laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) in the large uterus (equal or greater than 500 g) compared with normal (<500 g), results were compared to the limited literature on this topic...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773067/rapid-detection-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-using-maldi-tof-ms
#2
James Knox, Snehal Jadhav, Danielle Sevior, Alex Agyekum, Margaret Whipp, Lynette Waring, Jonathan Iredell, Enzo Palombo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749195/abdominal-cysticercosis-in-a-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes
#3
Christopher James Whipp, Pierre-Yves Daoust, Gary Conboy, Hans Gelens
A large abdominal mass containing numerous cysticerci identified as those of Taenia crassiceps (=Cysticercus longicollis) was found in the pelvic region of the abdominal cavity of a severely constipated and emaciated red fox ( Vulpes vulpes ) in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Cysticercosis has not previously been reported in a wild canid in North America.
October 17, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474428/mixed-status-immigrant-families-in-the-united-states-the-role-of-social-justice-in-intervention-research
#4
Mackenzie D M Whipps, Hirokazu Yoshikawa
More than 4 million unauthorized parents of legal status children currently reside in the United States (Capps, Fix, & Zong, 2016). Developmental scientists and intervention researchers hoping to work with these mixed-status families face a myriad of challenges, largely generated from the population's policy-driven social exclusion. Despite the challenges, there is a moral imperative to work with and support parents and children currently living in mixed-status households. This chapter applies a social justice perspective, largely stemming from Prilleltensky's critical community psychological framework, to improve the relevance and usefulness of research on mixed-status families (Prilleltensky & Nelson, 1997)...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468046/reference-and-baseline-hematocrit-measures-for-the-threatened-new-england-cottontail-sylvilagus-transitionalis-and-comparison-with-sympatric-eastern-cottontail-sylvilagus-floridanus-rabbits
#5
S J Ryan, E J Gavard, A E Cheeseman, J B Cohen, C M Whipps
From June 2014 to June 2015, capillary tube collections of blood were obtained concurrently with ear clips of trapped free-ranging, globally vulnerable New England cottontails (NEC; Sylvilagus transitionalis) and eastern cottontail rabbits (EC; Sylvilagus floridanus) in the Hudson Valley region of New York, United States. Species identification (NEC, EC) and sex (NEC) were determined genetically using a mitochondrial DNA assay and Y chromosome marker, respectively. Hematocrit values were obtained using a microhematocrit centrifuge...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351620/zebrafish-embryo-disinfection-with-povidone-iodine-evaluating-an-alternative-to-chlorine-bleach
#6
Carolyn T Chang, Jeffrey D Amack, Christopher M Whipps
Mycobacteriosis is a common bacterial infection in laboratory zebrafish caused by several different species and strains of Mycobacterium, including both rapid and slow growers. One control measure used to prevent mycobacterial spread within and between facilities is surface disinfection of eggs. Recent studies have highlighted the effectiveness of povidone-iodine (PVPI) on preventing propagation of Mycobacterium spp. found in zebrafish colonies. We evaluated the effect of disinfection using 12.5-50 ppm PVPI (unbuffered and buffered) on zebrafish exposed at 6 or 24 h postfertilization (hpf) to determine if this treatment is suitable for use in research zebrafish...
July 2016: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351618/strategies-to-mitigate-a-mycobacterium-marinum-outbreak-in-a-zebrafish-research-facility
#7
Timothy Mason, Kathy Snell, Erika Mittge, Ellie Melancon, Rebecca Montgomery, Marcie McFadden, Javier Camoriano, Michael L Kent, Christopher M Whipps, Judy Peirce
In 2011, the zebrafish research facility at the University of Oregon experienced an outbreak of Mycobacterium marinum that affected both research fish and facility staff. A thorough review of risks to personnel, the zebrafish veterinary care program, and zebrafish husbandry procedures at the research facility followed. In the years since 2011, changes have been implemented throughout the research facility to protect the personnel, the fish colony, and ultimately the continued success of the zebrafish model research program...
July 2016: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307172/molecular-and-morphological-characterisation-of-two-species-of-the-genus-ellipsomyxa-k%C3%A3-ie-2003-ceratomyxidae-from-the-gall-bladder-of-liza-saliens-risso-off-tunisian-coasts-of-the-mediterranean
#8
Aouatef Thabet, Sabiha Tlig-Zouari, Suliman Y Al Omar, Lamjed Mansour
During examination of some species of the family Mugilidae, two coelozoic myxozoans were observed in the gall-bladder of the leaping mullet, Liza saliens (Risso). Spore morphology allowed us to allocate them to the genus Ellipsomyxa Køie, 2003, one of which is described here as new. Ellipsomyxa kalthoumi n. sp. was observed forming globular pseudoplasmodia and free spores floating in the bile. Mature spores are ellipsoidal, measuring 13-21 × 10-15 (17.2 × 13.2) µm and possessing two equal spherical polar capsules, 5-6 (5...
July 2016: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189017/intraspecific-morphometric-variation-in-myxosporeans
#9
Yanhua Zhai, Christopher M Whipps, Zemao Gu, Qingxiang Guo, Zizhen Wu, Hongmei Wang, Yang Liu
Morphometric data from spores of ten myxosporean species were statistically analysed to explore myxosporean intraspecific variation in measurements when obtained from a sample from: (1) the same plasmodium, (2) different plasmodia from the same host and (3) different host individuals and localities. In some cases, significant differences in spore dimensions were found between samples from the same plasmodium, highlighting the difficulty of obtaining representative measurements of myxosporean spore. In addition, significant differences in spore dimensions were found when plasmodia from the same site of infection were compared, suggesting that measurements of spores should come from several different plasmodia of the sampling to increase the reliability of the morphology data...
2016: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159037/strategies-to-mitigate-a-mycobacterium-marinum-outbreak-in-a-zebrafish-research-facility
#10
Timothy Mason, Kathy Snell, Erika Mittge, Ellie Melancon, Rebecca Montgomery, Marcie McFadden, Javier Camoriano, Michael L Kent, Christopher M Whipps, Judy Peirce
In 2011, the zebrafish research facility at the University of Oregon experienced an outbreak of Mycobacterium marinum that affected both research fish and facility staff. A thorough review of risks to personnel, the zebrafish veterinary care program, and zebrafish husbandry procedures at the research facility followed. In the years since 2011, changes have been implemented throughout the research facility to protect the personnel, the fish colony, and ultimately the continued success of the zebrafish model research program...
May 9, 2016: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006874/recurrent-ectopic-pregnancy-as-a-unique-clinical-sub-group-a-case-control-study
#11
Alice Hurrell, Oliver Reeba, Odejinmi Funlayo
BACKGROUND: Women with recurrent ectopic pregnancy (EP) represent a unique cohort of patients in whom diagnostic expertise is paramount. We determined whether recurrent EP is associated with significant differences in patient demographics, clinical presentation, risk factors and surgical findings when compared with primary EP. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of all EPs diagnosed from 2003 to 2014, at Whipps Cross University Hospital, London. RESULTS: In the above period 849 EPs were surgically managed (758 primary EPs and 91 recurrent EPs)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26524100/moving-to-self-present-an-investigation-into-proposed-antecedents-of-2-x-2-self-presentation-motives
#12
Timothy C Howle, James A Dimmock, Peter R Whipp, Ben Jackson
Two studies involving high school physical education students were conducted to investigate associations between 2 x 2 self-presentation motives and theorized antecedents. In Study 1 (n = 445), using path analysis, we found that positive predictive pathways emerged from fear of negative evaluation, trait agency and communion, self-presentational efficacy, and social self-efficacy to 2 x 2 motives. In Study 2 (n = 301), using cluster analysis, we found that approximately half the cohort was classified into a high motive endorsement cluster and half into a low motive endorsement cluster...
October 2015: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26423444/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-common-disinfectants-at-preventing-the-propagation-of-mycobacterium-spp-isolated-from-zebrafish
#13
Carolyn T Chang, Erica G Colicino, Elizabeth J DiPaola, Hadi Jabbar Al-Hasnawi, Christopher M Whipps
Mycobacteriosis is a bacterial disease that is common in captive, wild and research fish. There is no one causative agent of mycobacteriosis, as several strains and species of Mycobacterium have been identified in zebrafish. With increased usage and investment in wild-type and mutant zebrafish strains, considerable value is placed on preserving zebrafish health. One control measure used to prevent mycobacterial spread within and between zebrafish facilities is egg disinfection. Here we investigate the effectiveness of three disinfectants [chlorine bleach, hydrogen peroxide, and povidone-iodine (PVPI)] commonly included in egg disinfection protocols for laboratory fish as well as aquaculture fish and compare the knockdown effect of these treatments on Mycobacterium spp...
December 2015: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26365255/phylogenomics-reveals-convergent-evolution-of-lifestyles-in-close-relatives-of-animals-and-fungi
#14
Guifré Torruella, Alex de Mendoza, Xavier Grau-Bové, Meritxell Antó, Mark A Chaplin, Javier del Campo, Laura Eme, Gregorio Pérez-Cordón, Christopher M Whipps, Krista M Nichols, Richard Paley, Andrew J Roger, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Stuart Donachie, Iñaki Ruiz-Trillo
The Opisthokonta are a eukaryotic supergroup divided in two main lineages: animals and related protistan taxa, and fungi and their allies [1, 2]. There is a great diversity of lifestyles and morphologies among unicellular opisthokonts, from free-living phagotrophic flagellated bacterivores and filopodiated amoebas to cell-walled osmotrophic parasites and saprotrophs. However, these characteristics do not group into monophyletic assemblages, suggesting rampant convergent evolution within Opisthokonta. To test this hypothesis, we assembled a new phylogenomic dataset via sequencing 12 new strains of protists...
September 21, 2015: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26358475/mycobacterium-saopaulense-sp-nov-a-rapidly-growing-mycobacterium-closely-related-to-members-of-the-mycobacterium-chelonae-mycobacterium-abscessus-group
#15
Christiane Lourenço Nogueira, Christopher M Whipps, Cristianne Kayoko Matsumoto, Erica Chimara, Sara Droz, Enrico Tortoli, Denise de Freitas, Margo Cnockaert, Juan Carlos Palomino, Anandi Martin, Peter Vandamme, Sylvia Cardoso Leão
Five isolates of non-pigmented, rapidly growing mycobacteria were isolated from three patients and,in an earlier study, from zebrafish. Phenotypic and molecular tests confirmed that these isolates belong to the Mycobacterium chelonae-Mycobacterium abscessus group, but they could not be confidently assigned to any known species of this group. Phenotypic analysis and biochemical tests were not helpful for distinguishing these isolates from other members of the M. chelonae–M.abscessus group. The isolates presented higher drug resistance in comparison with other members of the group, showing susceptibility only to clarithromycin...
December 2015: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26358069/synopsis-of-the-species-of-the-genus-sphaeromyxa-th%C3%A3-lohan-1892-myxosporea-bivalvulida-variisporina-sphaeromyxidae
#16
Christopher M Whipps, Yuanjun Zhao
Sphaeromyxa spp. are parasites of marine fishes, infecting the gall-bladders or bile ducts. The spores of these species possess characteristic ribbon-like polar filaments, a unique character among myxozoans. This unique character is also a synapomorphy consistent with estimates of phylogeny for this group which forms a lineage distinct from other myxozoans. There are 49 nominal species of Sphaeromyxa Thélohan, 1892 for which a synopsis is provided, reporting spore dimensions, spore shape, locality, and host species...
October 2015: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265337/the-self-presentation-motives-for-physical-activity-questionnaire-instrument-development-and-preliminary-construct-validity-evidence
#17
Timothy C Howle, James A Dimmock, Peter R Whipp, Ben Jackson
With the aim of advancing the literature on impression management in physical activity settings, we developed a theoretically derived 2 by 2 instrument that was designed to measure different types of context-specific self-presentation motives. Following item generation and expert review (Study 1), the instrument was completed by 206 group exercise class attendees (Study 2) and 463 high school physical education students (Study 3). Our analyses supported the intended factor structure (i.e., reflecting acquisitive-agentic, acquisitive-communal, protective-agentic, and protective-communal motives)...
June 2015: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26157404/relational-perceptions-in-high-school-physical-education-teacher-and-peer-related-predictors-of-female-students-motivation-behavioral-engagement-and-social-anxiety
#18
Felicity Gairns, Peter R Whipp, Ben Jackson
Although researchers have demonstrated the importance of interpersonal processes in school-based physical education (PE), there have been calls for further studies that account for multiple relational perspectives and provide a more holistic understanding of students' relational perceptions. Guided by principles outlined within self-determination theory and the tripartite efficacy model, our aim was to explore the ways in which students' perceptions about their teacher and classmates directly and/or indirectly predicted motivation, anxiety, and engagement in PE...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26001048/the-bass-parasites-of-oneida-lake-80-years-later
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Eric F Bauer, Christopher M Whipps
A survey of largemouth (Micropterus salmoides) and smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) parasite communities in Oneida Lake, New York, was conducted in the summer of 2012 and compared to an earlier survey conducted by Van Cleave and Mueller during the summers of 1929 to 1931. The component helminth communities between surveys were 31% similar in composition for largemouth and 28% similar for smallmouth bass. Between species, the component helminth communities were considerably more similar in the present survey (71%) than in the survey conducted by Van Cleave and Mueller (47%)...
October 2015: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25951167/activity-of-antibiotics-against-mycobacterium-species-commonly-found-in-laboratory-zebrafish
#20
Carolyn T Chang, Christopher M Whipps
The Zebrafish Danio rerio is a popular vertebrate model organism used in a wide range of research fields. Importance is placed on Zebrafish health and the maintenance of disease-free laboratory fish so that experimental studies are not inadvertently affected. Mycobacteriosis, a common infection of laboratory Zebrafish, is caused by several Mycobacterium species. Little is known regarding the potential of antibiotic treatment for Zebrafish mycobacteriosis; however, treatment of infected Zebrafish may be appropriate to maintain valuable strains...
June 2015: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
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