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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#1
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260831/comparative-stability-toxicity-and-anti-leishmanial-activity-of-triphenyl-antimony-v-and-bismuth-v-%C3%AE-hydroxy-carboxylato-complexes
#2
Rebekah N Duffin, Victoria L Blair, Lukasz Kedzierski, Philip C Andrews
A series of triphenyl Sb(v) and Bi(v) α-hydroxy carboxylato complexes of the general formula [MPh3(O2CROH)2] and [MPh3(O2CRO)] have been successfully synthesised and characterised, and subsequently assayed for their comparative activity towards Leishmania parasites and human fibroblast cells. Four complexes are novel; [SbPh3Gly], [BiPh3(GlyH)2], [SbPh3(R-ManH)2] and [SbPh3(S-ManH)2], and have been structurally characterised through X-ray diffraction. These were combined in the study with the known complexes; ([SbPh3(R-Man)], [SbPh3(S-Man)], [BiPh3(R-ManH)2], [BiPh3(R-ManH)2], [SbPh3(BenzH)2], [BiPh3(BenzH)2], for which the crystal structures of [BiPh3(S-ManH)2] and [BiPh3(R-Man)2] have now been authenticated (GlyH2 = glycolic acid, R/S-ManH2 = mandelic acid, BenzH2 = benzilic acid)...
December 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193765/grappa-omeract-consensus-based-recommendations-and-research-agenda-for-use-of-composite-measures-and-treatment-targets-in-psa
#3
Laura C Coates, Oliver FitzGerald, Joseph F Merola, Josef Smolen, Leonieke J J van Mens, Heidi Bertheussen, Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Kristina Callis Duffin, Willemina Campbell, Maarten de Wit, Dafna Gladman, Alice Gottlieb, Jana James, Arthur Kavanaugh, Lars Erik Kristensen, Tore K Kvien, Thomas Luger, Neil McHugh, Philip Mease, Peter Nash, Alexis Ogdie, Cheryl F Rosen, Vibeke Strand, William Tillett, Douglas J Veale, Philip S Helliwell
BACKGROUND: Many composite disease activity measures and targets have been developed for psoriatic arthritis (PsA). This GRAPPA-OMERACT work stream aimed to further the development of consensus among physicians and patients. METHODS: Prior to the meeting, physicians and patients were surveyed on outcome measures. A consensus meeting (26 rheumatologists, dermatologists, and patient representatives) reviewed evidence on composite measures and potential treatment targets, plus survey results...
November 28, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132853/assessing-clinical-response-and-defining-minimal-disease-activity-in-plaque-psoriasis-with-the-physician-global-assessment-and-body-surface-area-pga%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-bsa-composite-tool-an-analysis-of-apremilast-phase-3-esteem-data
#4
Alice B Gottlieb, Joseph F Merola, Rongdean Chen, Eugenia Levi, Kristina Callis Duffin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976185/correction-to-inhaled-nanoparticles-accumulate-at-sites-of-vascular-disease
#5
Mark R Miller, Jennifer B Raftis, Jeremy P Langrish, Steven G McLean, Pawitrabhorn Samutrtai, Shea P Connell, Simon Wilson, Alex T Vesey, Paul H B Fokkens, A John F Boere, Petra Krystek, Colin J Campbell, Patrick W F Hadoke, Ken Donaldson, Flemming R Cassee, David E Newby, Rodger Duffin, Nicholas L Mills
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973304/exome-wide-association-study-reveals-novel-psoriasis-susceptibility-locus-at-tnfsf15-and-rare-protective-alleles-in-genes-contributing-to-type-i-ifn-signalling
#6
Nick Dand, Sören Mucha, Lam C Tsoi, Satveer K Mahil, Philip E Stuart, Andreas Arnold, Hansjörg Baurecht, A David Burden, Kristina Callis Duffin, Vinod Chandran, Charles J Curtis, Sayantan Das, David Ellinghaus, Eva Ellinghaus, Charlotta Enerback, Tõnu Esko, Dafna D Gladman, Christopher E M Griffiths, Johann E Gudjonsson, Per Hoffman, Georg Homuth, Ulrike Hüffmeier, Gerald G Krueger, Matthias Laudes, Sang Hyuck Lee, Wolfgang Lieb, Henry W Lim, Sabine Löhr, Ulrich Mrowietz, Martina Müller-Nurayid, Markus Nöthen, Annette Peters, Proton Rahman, André Reis, Nick J Reynolds, Elke Rodriguez, Carsten O Schmidt, Sarah L Spain, Konstantin Strauch, Trilokraj Tejasvi, John J Voorhees, Richard B Warren, Michael Weichenthal, Stephan Weidinger, Matthew Zawistowski, Rajan P Nair, Francesca Capon, Catherine H Smith, Richard C Trembath, Goncalo R Abecasis, James T Elder, Andre Franke, Michael A Simpson, Jonathan N Barker
Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disorder for which multiple genetic susceptibility loci have been identified, but few resolved to specific functional variants. In this study, we sought to identify common and rare psoriasis-associated gene-centric variation. Using exome arrays we genotyped four independent cohorts, totalling 11 861 psoriasis cases and 28 610 controls, aggregating the dataset through statistical meta-analysis. Single variant analysis detected a previously unreported risk locus at TNFSF15 (rs6478108; P = 1...
November 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967593/measurement-of-cerebrovascular-reactivity-as-blood-oxygen-level-dependent-magnetic-resonance-imaging-signal-response-to-a-hypercapnic-stimulus-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#7
Lashmi Venkatraghavan, Julien Poublanc, Jay S Han, Olivia Sobczyk, Casey Rozen, Kevin Sam, James Duffin, David J Mikulis, Joseph A Fisher
BACKGROUND: Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) is an important prognostic marker of stroke. Most measures of CVR lack (1) a reproducible vasoactive stimulus and (2) a high time and spatial resolution measure of cerebral blood flow (CBF), particularly for mechanically ventilated patients. The aim of our study was to investigate the feasibility of measuring CVR using sequential gas delivery circuit and gas blender for precise targeting of end-tidal PCO2 (PetCO2), and blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-MRI) signal as a surrogate of CBF, in mechanically ventilated patients...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945724/influencing-quality-reporting-using-the-rapid-quality-reporting-system-in-a-community-network%C3%A2
#8
Michelle A Mollica, Brenda Adjei, Renea Duffin, Elissa Peters, Marguerite Thomas, Thomas Asfeldt, Kathleen Castro
BACKGROUND: Value-based cancer care warrants an exploration of ways that nurses can influence quality for patients with cancer, particularly in the community setting, where the majority of patients with cancer are treated.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose is to explore how community cancer centers met and sustained key quality breast cancer care indicators through implementation of the National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Centers Program Rapid Quality Reporting System (RQRS) and patient navigation projects...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932788/ustekinumab-induced-remission-of-recalcitrant-guttate-psoriasis-a-case-series
#9
Grace C Brummer, Jason E Hawkes, Kristina Callis Duffin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918088/evaluation-of-cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-subjects-with-and-without-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Clodagh M Ryan, Anne Battisti-Charbonney, Olivia Sobczyk, David J Mikulis, James Duffin, Joseph A Fisher, Lashmi Venkatraghavan
BACKGROUND: Both obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and altered cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) are associated with increased stroke risk. Nevertheless, the incidence of abnormal CVR in patients with OSA is uncertain due to the high variability in the way CVR is measured both within and between studies. We hypothesized that a standardized CVR with a consistent vasoactive stimulus and cerebral blood flow (CBF) measure would be reduced in patients with severe OSA compared with healthy controls...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917460/clinical-and-pathologic-factors-associated-with-deep-transection-of-biopsies-of-invasive-melanoma
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jamie L Woodcock, Zachary W Eyre, Gregory J Stoddard, Kristina Callis Duffin, Anneli R Bowen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916704/delayed-neutrophil-apoptosis-enhances-net-formation-in-cystic-fibrosis
#12
Robert D Gray, Gareth Hardisty, Kate H Regan, Maeve Smith, Calum T Robb, Rodger Duffin, Annie Mackellar, Jennifer M Felton, Lily Paemka, Brian N McCullagh, Christopher D Lucas, David A Dorward, Edward F McKone, Gordon Cooke, Seamas C Donnelly, Pradeep K Singh, David A Stoltz, Christopher Haslett, Paul B McCray, Moira K B Whyte, Adriano G Rossi, Donald J Davidson
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease is defined by large numbers of neutrophils and associated damaging products in the airway. Delayed neutrophil apoptosis is described in CF although it is unclear whether this is a primary neutrophil defect or a response to chronic inflammation. Increased levels of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been measured in CF and we aimed to investigate the causal relationship between these phenomena and their potential to serve as a driver of inflammation...
September 15, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868035/a-novel-stress-diathesis-model-to-predict-risk-of-post-operative-delirium-implications-for-intra-operative-management
#13
Renée El-Gabalawy, Ronak Patel, Kayla Kilborn, Caitlin Blaney, Christopher Hoban, Lawrence Ryner, Duane Funk, Regina Legaspi, Joseph A Fisher, James Duffin, David J Mikulis, W Alan C Mutch
Introduction: Risk assessment for post-operative delirium (POD) is poorly developed. Improved metrics could greatly facilitate peri-operative care as costs associated with POD are staggering. In this preliminary study, we develop a novel stress-diathesis model based on comprehensive pre-operative psychiatric and neuropsychological testing, a blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) carbon dioxide (CO2) stress test, and high fidelity measures of intra-operative parameters that may interact facilitating POD...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827210/mobile-app-to-streamline-the-development-of-wearable-sensor-based-exercise-biofeedback-systems-system-development-and-evaluation
#14
Martin O'Reilly, Joe Duffin, Tomas Ward, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: Biofeedback systems that use inertial measurement units (IMUs) have been shown recently to have the ability to objectively assess exercise technique. However, there are a number of challenges in developing such systems; vast amounts of IMU exercise datasets must be collected and manually labeled for each exercise variation, and naturally occurring technique deviations may not be well detected. One method of combatting these issues is through the development of personalized exercise technique classifiers...
August 21, 2017: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809995/efficacy-and-safety-of-apremilast-in-patients-with-moderate-plaque-psoriasis-with-lower-bsa-week-16-results-from-the-unveil-study
#15
Bruce Strober, Jerry Bagel, Mark Lebwohl, Linda Stein Gold, J Mark Jackson, Rongdean Chen, Joana Goncalves, Eugenia Levi, Kristina Callis Duffin
<p>INTRODUCTION: Many options are available for patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Patients with moderate disease, however, are often undertreated and do not achieve satisfactory clearance. UNVEIL (NCT02425826) assessed efficacy and safety of apremilast in patients with chronic moderate plaque psoriasis.</p> <p>METHODS: Patients with psoriasis body surface area (BSA) 5% to 10% and static Physician's Global Assessment (sPGA) score of 3 (moderate) without prior exposure to systemics were randomized (2:1) to apremilast 30 mg twice daily or placebo for 16 weeks...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809994/the-static-physician-s-global-assessment-of-genitalia-a-clinical-outcome-measure-for-the-severity-of-genital-psoriasis
#16
Joseph F Merola, Alison Potts Bleakman, Alice B Gottlieb, Alan Menter, April N Naegeli, Robert Bissonnette, Lyn Guenther, John Sullivan, Kim Meeuwis, Kyoungah See, Kristina Callis Duffin
<p>Introduction: Genital psoriasis is a common but frequently overlooked manifestation of psoriasis with a considerable impact on patients' quality of life. Currently no validated clinical trial outcome measures exist to assess genital psoriasis severity that meet regulatory agency requirements.</p> <p>Methods: This study describes the development of the static Physician's Global Assessment of Genitalia (sPGA-G) scale, a clinical outcome measure for the assessment of genital psoriasis severity that accounts for the erythematous clinical presentation of genital psoriasis...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809992/international-dermatology-outcome-measures-ideom-group-2016-new-york-meeting-meeting-summary-and-data-from-the-psoriasis-working-group
#17
Lourdes M Perez-Chada, Sanminder Singh, Kristina Callis-Duffin, Amit Garg, Alice B Gottlieb, John Latella, April W Armstrong, Joseph F Merola
<p>The International Dermatology Outcome Measures (IDEOM) Group was established to develop validated and standardized patient-centered outcome measures in dermatology that meet the needs of stakeholders and can be used in clinical practice as well as clinical research. At this meeting, we aimed to define the final core domain set to be assessed in psoriasis clinical research and to identify which of the current psoriasis assessment instruments appropriately address those domains. Specifically, we sought to ascertain stakeholder input on domain match and feasibility of multiple psoriasis instruments...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806527/a-2d-substitutional-solid-solution-through-hydrogen-bonding-of-molecular-building-blocks
#18
Jennifer M MacLeod, Josh Lipton-Duffin, Chaoying Fu, Tyler Taerum, Dmitrii F Perepichka, Federico Rosei
Two-dimensional (2D) molecular self-assembly allows for the formation of well-defined supramolecular layers with tailored geometrical, compositional, and chemical properties. To date, random intermixing and entropic effects in these systems have largely been associated with crystalline disorder and glassy phases. Here we describe a 2D crystalline self-assembled molecular system that exhibits random incorporation of substitutional molecules. The lattice is formed from a mixture of trimesic acid (TMA) and terthienobenzenetricarboxylic acid (TTBTA), C3-symmetric hydrogen-bonding units of very different sizes (0...
September 26, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782872/the-role-of-vascular-resistance-in-bold-responses-to-progressive-hypercapnia
#19
James Duffin, Olivia Sobczyk, Adrian Crawley, Julien Poublanc, Lashmi Venkatraghavan, Kevin Sam, Alan Mutch, David Mikulis, Joseph Fisher
The ability of the cerebral vasculature to regulate vascular diameter, hence resistance and cerebral blood flow (CBF), in response to metabolic demands (neurovascular coupling), and perfusion pressure changes (autoregulation) may be assessed by measuring the CBF response to carbon dioxide (CO2 ). In healthy individuals, the CBF response to a ramp CO2 stimulus from hypocapnia to hypercapnia is assumed sigmoidal or linear. However, other response patterns commonly occur, especially in individuals with cerebrovascular disease, and these remain unexplained...
August 7, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780364/the-effect-of-secukinumab-on-moderate-to-severe-scalp-psoriasis-results-of-a-24-week-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3b-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jerry Bagel, Kristina Callis Duffin, Angela Moore, Laura K Ferris, Kimberly Siu, Jennifer Steadman, Farid Kianifard, Judit Nyirady, Mark Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-severe scalp psoriasis has not been evaluated in prospective trials of patients without moderate-to-severe body psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of secukinumab in moderate-to-severe scalp psoriasis. METHODS: In this 24-week, double-blind, phase 3b study, 102 patients were randomized 1:1 to subcutaneous secukinumab 300 mg or placebo at baseline, weeks 1, 2, and 3, and then every 4 weeks from week 4 to 20...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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