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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925642/a-persistent-rash-on-the-back-chest-and-abdomen
#1
Derek D Kane, Malia Grosskreutz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925169/-systematic-review-on-safety-of-salvianolate-injection
#2
Zhi-Wei Chen, Yan-Ming Xie, Xing Liao, Gui-Qian Wang
To systematically evaluate the safety of salvianolate injection in clinical medication. A systematic literature search was performed in the databases of Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, the Web of Science, Clinical Trials, CNKI, VIP, WanFang Data and CBM. Literature screening was done according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and quality was assessed according to internationally recognized quality evaluation criteria. Then the data were reviewed for analysis. 148 papers were included, consisting of 122 randomized controlled trials(RCTs), 10 non-randomized controlled trials(NRCTs), 4 case series studies, and 12 case reports...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924115/neurological-complications-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-egpa-the-roles-of-history-and-the-results-of-physical-examinations-in-the-diagnosis-of-egpa
#3
Hiroshi Oiwa, Sho Mokuda, Tomoyasu Matsubara, Masamoto Funaki, Ikuko Takeda, Takemori Yamawaki, Kazuhiko Kumagai, Eiji Sugiyama
Objective To investigate the clinical symptoms, the physical and neurological findings, and the clinical course of neurological complications in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). Methods A retrospective chart review of EGPA cases managed by two referral hospitals was performed, with a focus on the neurological findings. The study analyzed the symptoms at the onset of EGPA and investigated their chronological relationship. The patient delay (the delay between the onset of symptoms and the initial consultation), and the physician delay (the delay from consultation to the initiation of therapy) were determined and compared...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923570/-three-cases-of-scombroid-poisoning
#4
Y Harmelin, T Hubiche, M Pharaon, P Del Giudice
INTRODUCTION: Scombroid poisoning is a poorly known type of food poisoning due to the presence of histamine in spoiled fish of the Scombridae family. We report 3 cases of scombroid poisoning seen at the Fréjus-Saint-Raphaël hospital in the Var region. OBSERVATIONS: Within around thirty minutes of eating a meal containing tuna, three patients presented varied symptoms: malaise, itchy rash, headache, and for two of them, nausea. The diagnosis of scombroid poisoning was based on the circumstances in which the clinical signs appeared and on the signs themselves...
September 15, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921907/dual-mapk-pi3k-pathway-inhibition-with-trametinib-and-gsk2141795-does-not-yield-clinical-benefit-in-metastatic-nras-mutant-and-wild-type-melanoma
#5
Alain P Algazi, Rosaura Esteve-Puig, Adi Nosrati, Brian Hinds, Adele Hobbs-Muthukumar, Prachi Nandoskar, Susana Ortiz-Urda, Paul B Chapman, Adil Daud
Aberrant MAPK and PI3K pathway signaling may drive the malignant phenotype in NRAS mutant and BRAF(WT) NRAS(WT) metastatic melanoma. To target these pathways NRAS mutant and BRAF(WT) NRAS(WT) patients received oral trametinib at 1.5 mg daily and GSK2141795 at 50 mg daily in a 2-cohort Simon 2-stage design. Participants had adequate end organ function and no more than 2 prior treatment regimens. Imaging assessments were performed at 8-week intervals. 10 NRAS mutant and 10 BRAF(WT) NRAS(WT) patients were enrolled...
September 16, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921872/first-line-therapy-with-dacomitinib-an-orally-available-pan-her-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-for-locally-advanced-or-metastatic-penile-squamous-cell-carcinoma-results-of-an-open-label-single-arm-single-center-phase-2-study
#6
A Necchi, S Lo Vullo, F Perrone, D Raggi, P Giannatempo, G Calareso, N Nicolai, L Piva, D Biasoni, M Catanzaro, T Torelli, S Stagni, E Togliardi, M Colecchia, A Busico, A Gloghini, A Testi, L Mariani, R Salvioni
OBJECTIVE: To harness the frontline therapy in advanced penile squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC), for which chemotherapy exerts moderate activity but poor efficacy. Dacomitinib is an irreversible, pan-epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) inhibitor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a phase 2 study (NCT01728233), patients received dacomitinib 45 mg/day, orally, continuously. Inclusion criteria were SCC histology, clinical stage N2-3 or M1 (TNM 2009), and no prior chemotherapy administration...
September 16, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921411/differences-in-the-severity-distress-interference-and-frequency-on-cancer-related-symptoms-between-island-hispanic-puerto-ricans-and-mainland-non-hispanic-whites
#7
Velda J González-Mercado, Leorey N Saligan, Ming Ji, Maureen Groer, Elsa Pedro, Susan McMillan
The knowledge base of cancer-related symptoms is increasing; yet, limited attention has been given to provide evidence on differences in the perception of cancer symptoms between ethnic groups, especially in the Hispanic Puerto Rican (PR) population. To examine whether there are significant differences in the severity, distress, interference, and frequency of cancer symptoms between island Hispanic PR and mainland non-Hispanic whites. In this secondary data analysis, data from 109 Hispanic PR was matched by age, gender and cancer diagnosis with data from non-Hispanic whites...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918728/a-rash-diagnosis
#8
Alana Christensen, Anushia Ashokan, David L Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918353/antitumor-platinum-iv-derivatives-of-carboplatin-and-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-4-phenylbutyric-acid
#9
Awatif Rashed Z Almotairy, Valentina Gandin, Liam Morrison, Cristina Marzano, Diego Montagner, Andrea Erxleben
Five new platinum(IV) derivatives of carboplatin each incorporating the histone deacetylase inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate in axial position were synthesized and characterized by (1)H and (195)Pt NMR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and elemental analysis, namely cis,trans-[Pt(CBDCA)(NH3)2(PBA)(OH)] (1), cis,trans-[Pt(CBDCA)(NH3)2(PBA)2] (2), cis,trans-[Pt(CBDCA)(NH3)2(PBA)(bz)] (3), cis,trans-[Pt(CBDCA)(NH3)2(PBA)(suc)] (4) and cis,trans-[Pt(CBDCA)(NH3)2)(PBA)(ac)] (5) (PBA=4-phenylbutyrate, CBDCA=1,1-cyclobutane dicarboxylate, bz=benzoate, suc=succinate and ac=acetate)...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918240/contingency-management-treatment-in-cocaine-using-methadone-maintained-patients-with-and-without-legal-problems
#10
Meredith K Ginley, Carla J Rash, Todd A Olmstead, Nancy M Petry
BACKGROUND: Legal difficulties and cocaine use are prevalent in methadone maintenance patients, and they are related to one another, as well as to poor response to methadone treatment. Contingency management (CM) is efficacious for decreasing cocaine use, but the relation of CM treatment to criminal activities has rarely been studied. METHODS: This study evaluated whether baseline legal problems are related to subsequent substance use and illegal activities for cocaine using methadone maintained patients and whether CM differentially improves outcomes depending on baseline legal problems...
September 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918127/clinical-laboratory-and-virological-data-from-suspected-zikv-patients-in-an-endemic-arbovirus-area
#11
Tatiana Elias Colombo, Cássia Fernanda Estofolete, Andréia Francesli Negri Reis, Natal Santos da Silva, Morgana Lima Aguiar, Eliana Márcia Sotello Cabrera, Izalco Nuremberg Penha Dos Santos, Fabiana Rodrigues Costa, Lilian Elisa Arão Antônio Cruz, Patrícia Lopes Rombola, Ana Carolina Bernardes Terzian, Maurício Lacerda Nogueira
BACKGROUND: The emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) presents new challenges to both clinicians and public health authorities. Overlapping clinical features between the diseases caused by ZIKV, dengue (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) and the lack of validated serological assays for ZIKV make accurate diagnosis difficult. Brazilian authorities largely rely on clinical and epidemiological data for the epidemiological and clinical classifications of most ZIKV cases. OBJECTIVE: To report the laboratory and clinical profiles of patients diagnosed with Zika fever based only on clinical and epidemiological data...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916467/safety-evaluation-for-ingredients-used-in-baby-care-products-consideration-of-diaper-rash
#12
Susan P Felter, Andrew N Carr, Tingting Zhu, Taryn Kirsch, Gloria Niu
Diaper rash can adversely impact the barrier properties of skin, with potential implications for increased absorption of chemicals through the skin, and this should be accounted for in any exposure assessment used in the safety evaluation of consumer products used in the diaper ("nappy") area. In the absence of a quantitative evaluation of the potential impact of diaper rash, a default assumption of 100% dermal penetration is often made for substances applied in the diaper area. We consider here the extent, duration and severity of diaper rash and make a recommendation for conservative assumptions to incorporate into exposure assessments...
September 12, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916119/safety-and-efficacy-of-glycerol-phenylbutyrate-for-management-of-urea-cycle-disorders-in-patients-aged-2months-to-2years
#13
Susan A Berry, Nicola Longo, George A Diaz, Shawn E McCandless, Wendy E Smith, Cary O Harding, Roberto Zori, Can Ficicioglu, Uta Lichter-Konecki, Beth Robinson, Jerry Vockley
INTRODUCTION: Glycerol phenylbutyrate (GPB) is approved in the US for the management of patients 2months of age and older with urea cycle disorders (UCDs) that cannot be managed with protein restriction and/or amino acid supplementation alone. Limited data exist on the use of nitrogen conjugation agents in very young patients. METHODS: Seventeen patients (15 previously on other nitrogen scavengers) with all types of UCDs aged 2months to 2years were switched to, or started, GPB...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915309/genital-aphthous-ulcers-and-a-case-of-suspected-chikungunya-a-short-clinical-case
#14
Frances A Martinez-Díaz
Genital aphthous ulcers can result from multiple conditions including febrile syndromes. Chikungunya infection manifests mainly as fever accompanied by polyarthralgia and pruritic rash. Nevertheless, healthcare providers should be alert to additional presentations. This is the case of a young woman presenting with painful genital ulcers after a three day prodome of fever and polyarthralgia. As a suspected case of Chikungunya infection and a clinical diagnosis of aphthae, treatment with oral prednisone for two weeks produced complete resolution of ulcers with no scarring...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912913/paraneoplastic-dermatomyositis-syndrome-presenting-as-dysphagia
#15
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Mel Ona, Madhavi Reddy
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a rare autoimmune condition which predominantly affects females in the fifth and sixth decades of life. DM presents acutely or progressively as painless proximal skeletal muscle weakness and can be associated with a heliotropic rash around the eyes, and Gottron's papules on extensor surfaces of the hands. While the pathophysiology of DM is still unclear, abnormal T- and B-cell immune activity has been reported. DM has been associated with malignancy and has been shown to appear before, concurrently with, or after diagnosis of cancer...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912907/long-term-follow-up-of-autonomic-and-enteric-measures-in-patients-undergoing-vertical-banded-gastroplasty-for-morbid-obesity
#16
Neil E Crittenden, Hani Rashed, William D Johnson, George Cowan, David Tichansky, Atul Madan, Naeem Aslam, Teresa Cutts, Thomas L Abell
BACKGROUND: A multi-component model of autonomic and enteric factors may correlate with ultimate weight loss or gain after restrictive obesity surgery. This study aimed to determine relevant parameters to predict successful long-term weight loss. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (four males and 35 females) with a mean age of 37.2 years were followed for over 15 years after vertical banded gastroplasty. Baseline adrenergic: postural adjustment ratio (PAR) and vasoconstriction (VC); cholinergic: electrocardiogram R-to-R interval (RRI) and enteric measure: electrogastrogram (EGG) were utilized by a discriminant function analysis to classify patients as a long-term loser or gainer...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912408/-results-of-a-drug-use-survey-of-filgrastim-biosimilar-1-filgrastim-bs-syringe-for-inj-mochida-and-f
#17
Tsukasa Teshima, Nao Takigawa, Yuki Makita, Chinatsu Kushiya
With the aim of evaluating the safety and efficacy of filgrastim biosimilar 1(Filgrastim BS syringe for Inj. "MOCHIDA"and "F"), we conducted a drug use results survey of this product for its indications, including mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells into peripheral blood and chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. Of the 518 cases enrolled between August 2013 and July 2015, 495 were selected to be subjects of our safety and efficacy evaluations. 37 cases (7.47%)experienced side effects, which were mainly lower back pain(19, 3...
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911821/on-the-occurrence-and-enigmatic-functions-of-mixed-chemical-plus-electrical-synapses-in-the-mammalian-cns
#18
REVIEW
James I Nagy, Alberto E Pereda, John E Rash
Electrical synapses with diverse configurations and functions occur at a variety of interneuronal appositions, thereby significantly expanding the physiological complexity of neuronal circuitry over that provided solely by chemical synapses. Gap junctions between apposed dendritic and somatic plasma membranes form "purely electrical" synapses that allow for electrical communication between coupled neurons. In addition, gap junctions at axon terminals synapsing on dendrites and somata allow for "mixed" (dual chemical+electrical) synaptic transmission...
September 11, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910194/chikungunya-virus-induced-arthritis-role-of-host-and-viral-factors-in-the-pathogenesis
#19
Sarika Amdekar, Deepti Parashar, Kalichamy Alagarasu
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), a member of Alphavirus genus, is responsible for chikungunya fever (CHIKF), which is characterized by the presence of fever, rash, myalgia, and arthralgia. Reemergence of CHIKV has become a significant public health concern in Asian and African countries and is newly emerging in the Middle East, Pacific, American, and European countries. Cytokines, innate (monocytes, natural killer cells) and adaptive immune response (role of B cells and T cells i.e. CD4(+) and CD8(+)), and/or viral factors contribute to CHIKV-induced arthritis...
September 14, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906413/differences-in-clinical-features-observed-between-childhood-onset-versus-adult-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Alka Kumari, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affects people in childhood (childhood onset) or in adulthood (adult onset). Observational studies that have previously compared childhood-onset versus adult-onset SLE were often restricted to 1 ethnic group, or to a particular area, with a small sample size of patients. We aimed to systematically compare childhood-onset versus adult-onset SLE through a meta-analysis. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for relevant publications comparing childhood-onset with adult-onset SLE...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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