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In the context of the White Book on Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe this paper deals with the scope and competencies of PRM starting from its definition as the "medicine of functioning." PRM uses the rehabilitative health strategy as its core strategy together with the curative strategy. According to the complexity of disabling health conditions, PRM also refers to prevention and maintenance and provides information to the patients and other caregivers. The rehabilitation process according to the so-called rehabilitation cycle including an assessment and definition of the (individual) rehabilitation goals, assignment to the rehabilitation program evaluation of individual outcomes...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with the history of the PRM medical specialty. The specialty evolved in different European countries, and sometimes also into the single countries, from different medical streams that finally joined. These included among others: balneology, gymnastic, use of physical agents (water, heat, cold, massage, joint manipulations, physical exercise, etc.). Another important role has been played by the increasing number of people experiencing or likely to experience disability due to improvement of medicine and consequent survivals from wars, accidents and/or big infective epidemics (like polio); these evolutions happened in strict relationship with other specialties like cardiology, neurology, orthopaedics, pneumology, rheumatology, traumatology, creating a knowledge transversal to all of them...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Fernando González-Mohíno, Raúl Martín, Daniel Juárez Santos-García, Pedro Angel Fidel, Francisco de Asis Fernandez, Inmaculada Yustres, José María González Ravé
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of high-intensity warm-ups (WUs) on performance, physiological, neuromuscular and biomechanical parameters. Three randomized cross-over 105%vVO2 max time limit trials (TLimT) were performed by 11 well-trained runners following three different WU protocols. These included two experimental high-intensity variants and one control WU variant: (i) 9x20-sec level strides (105%vVO2 max; 1% gradient) with 60 s of recovery (level); (ii) 6x6-sec uphill strides (105%vVO2 max; 5% gradient), with the same recovery (uphill) and (iii) 7 min at 60%vVO2 max as control condition (control)...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Debora Di Mauro, Monica Currò, Fabio Trimarchi, Mercurio Vecchio, Giuseppina Rizzo, Davide Barreca, Giuseppa Visalli, Riccardo Ientile, Daniela Caccamo
Methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene polymorphisms have been associated with hyperhomocysteinemia and oxidative stress increase, that are established cardiovascular risk factors. Given that intense physical activity may increase the susceptibility to adverse cardiovascular outcomes, here we investigated the effects of MTHFR C677T and A1298C as well as PON1 Q192R gene polymorphisms on cardiovascular risk markers in twenty-eight male water polo elite players. The mean plasma levels of homocysteine (Hcy) and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) were above reference limits in resting conditions, and increased after competition...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Elena D Koch, Heike Tost, Urs Braun, Gabriela Gan, Marco Giurgiu, Iris Reinhard, Alexander Zipf, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer, Markus Reichert
Physical activity is known to preserve both physical and mental health. However, the physical activity levels of a large proportion of adolescents are insufficient. This is critical, since physical activity levels in youth have been shown to translate into adulthood. Whereas in adult populations, mood has been supposed to be one important psychological factor that drives physical activity in everyday life, this issue has been poorly studied in adolescent populations. Ambulatory Assessment is the state-of-the-art approach to investigate how mood and non-exercise activity fluctuate within persons in everyday life...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Chenchen Wang, Christopher H Schmid, Roger A Fielding, William F Harvey, Kieran F Reid, Lori Lyn Price, Jeffrey B Driban, Robert Kalish, Ramel Rones, Timothy McAlindon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of tai chi interventions compared with aerobic exercise, a current core standard treatment in patients with fibromyalgia, and to test whether the effectiveness of tai chi depends on its dosage or duration. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, 52 week, single blind comparative effectiveness trial. SETTING: Urban tertiary care academic hospital in the United States between March 2012 and September 2016...
March 21, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Paul McGreevy, Jeannine Berger, Nic de Brauwere, Orla Doherty, Anna Harrison, Julie Fiedler, Claudia Jones, Sue McDonnell, Andrew McLean, Lindsay Nakonechny, Christine Nicol, Liane Preshaw, Peter Thomson, Vicky Tzioumis, John Webster, Sarah Wolfensohn, James Yeates, Bidda Jones
The aim of this study was to conduct a series of paper-based exercises in order to assess the negative (adverse) welfare impacts, if any, of common interventions on domestic horses across a broad range of different contexts of equine care and training. An international panel (with professional expertise in psychology, equitation science, veterinary science, education, welfare, equestrian coaching, advocacy, and community engagement; n = 16) met over a four-day period to define and assess these interventions, using an adaptation of the domain-based assessment model...
March 18, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Athena E Theyers, Benjamin I Goldstein, Arron Ws Metcalfe, Andrew D Robertson, Bradley J MacIntosh
Arterial stiffness is linked to cerebral small vessel damage and neurodegeneration, but barriers to accessing deep cerebrovascular anatomy limit our ability to assess the brain. This study describes an adaptation of a cardiac-related scrubbing method as a means of generating blood oxygenation level-dependent pulsatility maps based on the cardiac cycle. We examine BOLD pulsatility at rest, based on the non-parametric deviation from null metric, as well as changes following acute physiological stress from 20 min of moderate-intensity cycling in 45 healthy adolescents...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
José Ramón Alvero-Cruz, Jerónimo C García-Romero, Margarita Carrillo de Albornoz-Gil, Manuel Jiménez, Lorena Correas-Gomez, Piero Peñaloza, Iván López-Fernández, Elvis A Carnero
The main goal of this study was to analyze the longitudinal agreement between changes in trunk and abdominal adiposity variables assessed by DXA and portable bioimpedance device (ViScan). A total of 44 women, enrolled in a 4-month exercise intervention, were included in this analysis. Trunk/abdominal compartments were assessed by ViScan and DXA. Adjusted correlations for age and FM at first assessment (pre) were utilized to perform concurrent validation among methods and completed with an agreement analysis...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Manuela Schnyder, Hubertus Hertzberg, Alexander Mathis, Marietta Schönmann, Adrian Hehl, Peter Deplazes
Pursuant to the Joint Declaration by 29 European education ministers in June 1999 in the city of Bologna, Italy, the so-called 'Bologna Process' was officially introduced at the Vetsuisse Faculty (Universities of Zurich and Berne) in Switzerland in 2007. The long-term goal of restructuring the study programmes was to create a common European Higher Education Area (EHEA), with uniform and clearly defined standards for degrees ("diplomas"). Accordingly, the Vetsuisse curriculum was organised as a 3-year Bachelor and a 2-year Master study program...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Ana Margarida Alho, José Meireles, Manuela Schnyder, Luís Cardoso, Silvana Belo, Peter Deplazes, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Cardiopulmonary nematodes are life-threatening pet parasites increasingly reported throughout Europe, with overlapping endemic areas. Dirofilaria immitis is a mosquito-borne whilst Angiostrongylus vasorum is a snail-borne pathogen. Both adult nematodes reside in the pulmonary arteries and right cardiac ventricle of domestic and wild canids, causing a wide spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from cough, dyspnoea and exercise intolerance to severe vascular and pulmonary disease with hearth failure that may lead to death...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Nikolai Czajkowski, Steven H Aggen, Robert F Krueger, Kenneth S Kendler, Michael C Neale, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Nathan A Gillespie, Espen Røysamb, Kristian Tambs, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud
OBJECTIVE: Both normative personality and DSM-IV personality disorders have been found to be heritable. However, there is limited knowledge about the extent to which the genetic and environmental influences underlying DSM personality disorders are shared with those of normative personality. The aims of this study were to assess the phenotypic similarity between normative and pathological personality and to investigate the extent to which genetic and environmental influences underlying individual differences in normative personality account for symptom variance across DSM-IV personality disorders...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
Uros Marusic, Sidney Grosprêtre
Normal and pathological ageing are associated with several motor impairments that reduce quality of life and represent a general challenge for public healthcare systems. Consequently, over the past decades, many scientists and physiotherapists dedicated their research to the development and improvement of safe and costless methods to counteract the progressive decline of motor functions with age. The urgency of finding new and easy to implement methods is even more paramount in case of acute pathologies (e...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Ana María Rosas Hernández, Sergio Alejandre Carmona, Javier Enrique Rodríguez Sánchez, Maria Victoria Castell Alcalá, Ángel Otero Puime
AIM: Identify the population over 70 year's old treated in primary care who should participate in a physical exercise program to prevent frailty. Analyze the concordance among 2criteria to select the beneficiary population of the program. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Primary Care. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly over 70 years old, living in the Peñagrande neighborhood (Fuencarral district of Madrid) from the Peñagrande cohort, who accepted to participate in 2015 (n = 332)...
March 16, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Evangelos Gatsios, Jonás García-Rincón, John L Rayner, Robert G McLaughlan, Greg B Davis
Water table fluctuations affect the recoverability of light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) petroleum hydrocarbons. LNAPL transmissivity (Tn ) is being applied as an improved metric for LNAPL recoverability. In this paper, the applicability of Tn as a lagging and leading metric in unconsolidated aquifers under variable water table conditions was investigated. Tn values obtained through baildown testing and recovery data-based methods (skimming) were compared in three areas of a heterogeneous gasoline contaminated site in Western Australia...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Sabina O Nduaguba, Kentya H Ford, Karen Rascati
Objectives: Non-smoking status and physical activity have, individually, been shown to be associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective of this study was to assess whether the relationship between smoking status and HRQoL is modified or influenced by physical activity. Methods: Data were extracted from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey dataset (N=332,680) in 2015. Logistic regression models were used to address study objectives...
March 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Yasin Yurt, Gül Şener, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are widely used in conservative treatment of painful flexible flatfoot however research is limited to choose the best option in orthotic treatment. AIM: We aimed to compare the effects of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) and conventional insole types in comparison with sham insole, on pain and health related quality of life in patients with painful flexible flatfoot. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Tomasz Sipko, Adam Paluszak, Agnieszka Siudy
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) mobilization and/or self-mobilization on the level of soft tissue pain threshold in 21- to 23-year-old asymptomatic women (n = 20). METHODS: The FPIX Wagner Algometer was applied to compute the pressure pain threshold (PPT) over the right and left side of the iliolumbar ligament and lumbar erector spinae (L3). Measurements were taken of the right SIJ before and after a randomized protocol of oscillating mobilization, self-mobilization, and placebo treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Ronaldo Valdir Briani, Amanda Schenatto Ferreira, Marcella Ferraz Pazzinatto, Evangelos Pappas, Danilo De Oliveira Silva, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence of primary outcomes from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of treatment strategies on quality of life (QoL) or psychosocial factors in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, SPORTDiscus, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Web of Science were searched from inception to November 2017...
March 16, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Mehrdad Behnia, Courtney M Wheatley, Alberto Avolio, Bruce D Johnson
BACKGROUND: During exercise as pulmonary blood flow rises, pulmonary capillary blood volume increases and gas exchange surface area expands through distention and recruitment. We have previously demonstrated that pulmonary capillary recruitment is limited in COPD patients with poorer exercise tolerance. Hypoxia and endothelial dysfunction lead to pulmonary vascular dysregulation possibly in part related to nitric oxide related pathways. PURPOSE: To determine if increasing dietary nitrate might influence lung surface area for gas exchange and subsequently impact exercise performance...
March 13, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
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