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Asthma th1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665659/suppressive-effect-of-4-hydroxy-2-4-hydroxyphenethyl-isoindoline-1-3-dione-on-ovalbumin-induced-allergic-asthma
#1
Jin Huang, Mingzhi Su, Bo-Kyung Lee, Mee-Jeong Kim, Jee H Jung, Dong-Soon Im
4-Hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenethyl)isoindoline-1,3-dione (PD1) is a synthetic phthalimide derivative of a marine compound. PD1 has peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ agonistic and anti-inflammatory effects. This study aimed to investigate the effect of PD1 on allergic asthma using rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 mast cells and an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma mouse model. In vitro , PD1 suppressed β-hexosaminidase activity in RBL-2H3 cells. In the OVA-induced allergic asthma mouse model, increased inflammatory cells and elevated Th2 and Th1 cytokine levels were observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissue...
April 18, 2018: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649507/effects-of-anthraquinones-from-cassia-occidentalis-l-on-ovalbumin-induced-airways-inflammation-in-a-mouse-model-of-allergic-asthma
#2
Wenhao Xu, Meiqun Hu, Qihong Zhang, Jingbo Yu, Weike Su
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cassia occidentalis Linn. is a traditional ayruvedic edible shrub containing anthraquinones (AQs) as the principle active constituents. In folk medicine, it has a variety of uses including treatment of whooping cough ('pertussis') and inflammatory diseases. Despite these applications, limited data are available to validate the effects of C. occidentalis AQs on airways inflammation in asthma. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the anti-inflammatory potential of AQs extracted from C...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605763/analogous-corticosteroids-9a-and-ek100-derived-from-solid-state-cultured-mycelium-of-antrodia-camphorata-inhibit-proinflammatory-cytokine-expression-in-macrophages
#3
Shung-Te Kao, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Shulhn-Der Wang, Hong-Jye Hong, Li-Jen Lin
Antrodia camphorata mycelium is used in traditional Chinese medicine in Taiwan. The wild-type mycelium is rare and expensive, so a solid-state-cultured mycelium of A. camphorata (SCMAC) has been developed. Previous studies have found SCMAC to have anti-inflammatory effects. However, the immunomodulatory effects of SCMAC and of its active phytosterol compounds EK100 and 9A on asthma remain unknown. In this study, BALB/c mice were repeatedly exposed to Dermatogoides pteronyssinus (Der p) at 1-week intervals and were orally administered crude SCMAC extract before the Der p challenge...
March 29, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554934/ox40l-induces-helper-t-cell-differentiation-during-cell-immunity-of-asthma-through-pi3k-akt-and-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway
#4
Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Yongdong Yan, Wenjing Gu, Xinxing Zhang, Jiahong Tan, Huiming Sun, Wei Ji, Zhengrong Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of OX40L in regulating helper T (Th) cells differentiation through phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo experiments. METHODS: Serum samples of patients with asthma and healthy controls were used to explore the association between OX40L and Th cells. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the serum concentrations of OX40L, IL-4, IFN-γ, IL-17 and TGF-β...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522849/knob-protein-enhances-epithelial-barrier-integrity-and-attenuates-airway-inflammation
#5
Sung Gil Ha, Mythili Dileepan, Xiao Na Ge, Bit Na Kang, Yana G Greenberg, Amrita Rao, Girija Muralidhar, Lali Medina-Kauwe, Michael A Thompson, Christina M Pabelick, Scott M O'Grady, Savita P Rao, P Sriramarao
BACKGROUND: Altered epithelial physical and functional barrier properties along with Th1/Th2 immune dysregulation are features of allergic asthma. Regulation of junction proteins to improve barrier function of airway epithelial cells has the potential for alleviation of allergic airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the immunomodulatory effect of knob protein of the adenoviral capsid on allergic asthma and investigate its mechanism of action on airway epithelial junction proteins and barrier function...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520864/complex-association-patterns-for-inflammatory-mediators-in-induced-sputum-from-subjects-with-asthma
#6
A T Hastie, C Steele, C W Dunaway, W C Moore, B M Rector, E Ampleford, H Li, L C Denlinger, N Jarjour, D A Meyers, E R Bleecker
BACKGROUND: The release of various inflammatory mediators into the bronchial lumen is thought to reflect both the type and degree of airway inflammation, eosinophilic Th2, and Th9, or neutrophilic Th1, and Th17, in patients with asthma. AIMS: We investigated whether cytokines and chemokines differed in sputum from subjects with more severe compared with milder asthma, and if unbiased factor analysis of cytokine and chemokine groupings indicates specific inflammatory pathways...
March 9, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515128/the-cd14-159-c-t-snp-is-associated-with-scd14-levels-and-allergic-asthma-but-not-with-cd14-expression-on-monocytes
#7
J J Nieto-Fontarigo, F J Salgado, M E San-José, M J Cruz, A Casas-Fernández, M J Gómez-Conde, L Valdés-Cuadrado, M Á García-González, P Arias, M Nogueira, F J González-Barcala
LPS-ligation to CD14/TLR-4 on monocytes/macrophages triggers the production of IL-12-family cytokines. IL12/18 promote TH1 -differentiation, counteracting the TH2 -driven asthma. Therefore, CD14 modulation could alter the TH2 -differentiation and should be taken into account when studying asthma. To analyse the alteration in CD14 levels and its association with CD14 (-159 C/T) SNP (rs2569190) in Caucasian adults with stable allergic asthma, we performed a cross-sectional study (277 healthy subjects vs. 277 patients) where clinical parameters, CD14 values and the CD14 (-159 C/T) SNP were studied...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512725/ml-7-attenuates-airway-inflammation-and-remodeling-via-inhibiting-the-secretion-of-th2-cytokines-in-mice-model-of-asthma
#8
Chuanjun Huang, Zewen Zhang, Liuxin Wang, Ju Liu, Xiaodan Gong, Caiqing Zhang
Previous studies have indicated that smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) has a prominent role in the regulation of smooth muscle contraction, which tends to be upregulated in asthma. In recent years, numerous studies have reported that MLCK is intimately connected with the immunoregulatory mechanism of T cells. The imbalance of T helper type 1 cells (Th1)/Th2 constitutes the immune‑associated pathological basis of chronic asthma. Th2‑associated cytokines, including interleukin‑4, ‑5, ‑13, ‑25 and ‑33, are involved in airway inflammation, hyperresponsiveness and remodeling, which leads to a progressive decline in lung function...
March 6, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498435/dental-follicle-mesenchymal-stem-cells-downregulate-th2-mediated-immune-response-in-asthmatic-patients-mononuclear-cells
#9
Deniz Genç, Noushin Zibandeh, Ercan Nain, Muazzez Gökalp, Ahmet Oğuzhan Özen, Mehmet Kamil Göker, Tunç Akkoç
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease in which inflammatory responses have the polarization of CD4+ T cells to Th2 cells. Dental follicle mesenchymal stem cells (DFSCs) have strong anti-inflammatory properties comparable to other mesenchymal stem cells. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the immunomodulatory effects of DFSCs on CD4+ T helper cell responses of asthmatic patients and compared the results with those obtained with asthmatic subjects on immunotherapy and with healthy individuals...
March 2, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483769/asthma-and-poly-adp-ribose-polymerase-inhibition-a-new-therapeutic-approach
#10
REVIEW
Raffaela Zaffini, Giovanni Gotte, Marta Menegazzi
Asthma is a chronic lung disease affecting people of all ages worldwide, and it frequently begins in childhood. Because of its chronic nature, it is characterized by pathological manifestations, including airway inflammation, remodeling, and goblet cell hyperplasia. Current therapies for asthma, including corticosteroids and beta-2 adrenergic agonists, are directed toward relieving the symptoms of the asthmatic response, with poor effectiveness against the underlying causes of the disease. Asthma initiation and progression depends on the T helper (Th) 2 type immune response carried out by a complex interplay of cytokines, such as interleukin (IL) 4, IL5, and IL13, and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 6...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467760/microrna-regulation-of-host-immune-responses-following-fungal-exposure
#11
REVIEW
Tara L Croston, Angela R Lemons, Donald H Beezhold, Brett J Green
Fungal bioaerosols are ubiquitous in the environment and human exposure can result in a variety of health effects ranging from systemic, subcutaneous, and cutaneous infections to respiratory morbidity including allergy, asthma, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Recent research has focused on the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) following fungal exposure and is overlooked, yet important, group of regulators capable of influencing fungal immune responses through a variety of cellular mechanisms. These small non-coding ribose nucleic acids function to regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and have been shown to participate in multiple disease pathways including cancer, heart disease, apoptosis, as well as immune responses to microbial hazards and occupational allergens...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460021/the-role-of-tnf-family-molecules-light-in-cellular-interaction-between-airway-smooth-muscle-cells-and-t-cells-during-chronic-allergic-inflammation
#12
Fei Shi, Yi Xiong, Yarui Zhang, Chen Qiu, Manhui Li, Aijun Shan, Ying Yang, Binbin Li
Interaction between T cells and airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells has been identified as an important factor in the development of asthma. LIGHT (known as TNFSF14) -mediated signaling likely contributes to various inflammatory disorders and airway remodeling. The objective of this study was to investigate the roles of LIGHT-mediated pathways in the interaction between ASM cells and T cells during chronic allergic inflammation. Mice were sensitized and challenged by ovalbumin (OVA) to induce chronic airway allergic inflammation...
February 19, 2018: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456654/establishment-of-different-experimental-asthma-models-in-mice
#13
Qian-Lin Yu, Zhangbo Chen
Asthma is a complex disease. The heterogeneity of airway inflammation during asthma indicates there are different mechanisms involved. In order to further study the mechanisms of asthma, different mouse models were established to mimic corresponding subtypes of asthma in clinic. Eosinophilic asthma was established by intraperitoneal injections of ovalbumin (OVA) on day 0 and day 7, followed by inhalation of aerosolized OVA on days 14-17. Neutrophilic asthma was established by transtracheal administration of a high dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 µg) on days 15 and 17 in combination with OVA sensitization and challenge as described previously...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453280/elevated-expression-of-il-33-and-tslp-in-the-airways-of-human-asthmatics-in-vivo-a-potential-biomarker-of-severe-refractory-disease
#14
Yan Li, Wei Wang, Zhe Lv, Yun Li, Yan Chen, Kewu Huang, Chris J Corrigan, Sun Ying
The epithelial cytokines IL-33, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), and IL-25 have been implicated in asthma pathogenesis because they promote Th2-type cytokine synthesis, but their expression is relatively poorly documented in "real-life" human asthma. Using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), we measured airway concentrations of these mediators and compared them with those of Th1- and Th2-type cytokines, airway infiltration of neutrophils and eosinophils, and lung function in a large group of asthmatic patients with a range of disease severity ( n = 70) and control subjects ( n = 30)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432856/aqueous-extracts-from-uncaria-tomentosa-willd-ex-schult-dc-reduce-bronchial-hyperresponsiveness-and-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-of-asthma
#15
Bruna Cestari de Azevedo, Lucas Junqueira de Freitas Morel, Fábio Carmona, Thiago Mattar Cunha, Silvia Helena Taleb Contini, Piero Giuseppe Delprete, Fernando Silva Ramalho, Eduardo Crevelin, Bianca Waléria Bertoni, Suzelei de Castro França, Marcos de Carvalho Borges, Ana Maria Soares Pereira
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Uncaria tomentosa (Willd. Ex Schult) DC is used by indigenous tribes in the Amazonian region of Central and South America to treat inflammation, allergies and asthma. The therapeutic properties of U. tomentosa have been attributed to the presence of tetracyclic and pentacyclic oxindole alkaloids and to phenolic acids. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To characterize aqueous bark extracts (ABE) and aqueous leaf extracts (ALE) of U. tomentosa and to compare their anti-inflammatory effects...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431692/development-of-asthma-in-inner-city-children-possible-roles-of-mait-cells-and-variation-in-the-home-environment
#16
Shilpi Chandra, Gerhard Wingender, Jason A Greenbaum, Archana Khurana, Amin M Gholami, Anusha-Preethi Ganesan, Michael Rosenbach, Katy Jaffee, James E Gern, Robert Wood, George O'Connor, Megan Sandel, Meyer Kattan, Leonard Bacharier, Alkis Togias, Anthony A Horner, Mitchell Kronenberg
Humans have populations of innate-like T lymphocytes with an invariant TCR α-chain that recognize nonpeptide Ags, including invariant NKT (iNKT) cells and mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells. iNKT cell involvement in human asthma is controversial, whereas there has been little analysis of MAIT cells. Using peripheral blood cells from 110 participants from the Urban Environment and Childhood Asthma (URECA) birth cohort study, these cells were analyzed for number and function. We determined whether iNKT cell or MAIT cell frequency at 1 y is correlated with the cytokine polarization of mainstream CD4+ T cells and/or the development of asthma by age 7 y...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399067/assessment-of-tumor-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-neutralizing-antibody-in-the-treatment-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma
#17
Yan Wei, Zhili Zhang, Feng Wang, Shuihong Zhou
To identify a novel and effective therapy for allergic rhinitis and asthma (ARA), the present study focused on treatment with tumor growth factor (TGF)-β1 neutralizing antibody. In the present study, four medications were administered to mice with ovalbumin-induced allergic inflammation. Allergic symptoms in the lungs and nasal mucosa were evaluated by detecting the secretion of cytokines from helper T cells (Th) in the peripheral blood, nasal lavage fluid and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid using ELISA. Defects in regulatory T (Treg) cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were also detected using flow cytometry...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393253/activation-of-bombesin-receptor-subtype-3-promotes-antigen-presenting-action-in-human-bronchial-epithelial-cells
#18
Huijun Liu, Lihua Peng, Chi Liu, Yurong Tan, Yang Xiang, Xiangping Qu, H Christian Weber, Minhui Dai, Xiaoqun Qin
BACKGROUND: Bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) is a member of the bombesin-like peptide receptor family. Our previous studies demonstrated that activation of the human BRS-3 plays a protective role in oxidation-injured human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEC). The present study was designed to determine the role of BRS-3 activation in the antigen-presenting action of HBEC and the corresponding proliferation and differentiation of T cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo, an asthma animal model was established and the expression and distribution of BRS-3 were analyzed by immunocytochemistry...
January 27, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393209/therapeutic-role-for-tsp-2-antibody-in-a-murine-asthma-model
#19
Kai Li, En Ping Huang, Jin Su, Ping Zhu, Jun Lin, Shen Qiu Luo, Cui Lan Yang
BACKGROUND: Specific immunotherapy, including agonists for Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), have been shown to protect from allergies and to have a high immunomodulatory capacity. METHODS: A new antibody, TSP-2, reactive against an epitope of the extracellular domain of TLR2, was identified. The effect of the antibody on dendritic cells was assessed by immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and flow cytometric analysis. The effect of TSP-2 in a murine asthma model induced with ovalbumin (OVA) was assessed...
January 27, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361942/il-1%C3%AE-mediates-lung-neutrophilia-and-il-33-expression-in-a-mouse-model-of-viral-induced-asthma-exacerbation
#20
Irma Mahmutovic Persson, Mandy Menzel, Sangeetha Ramu, Samuel Cerps, Hamid Akbarshahi, Lena Uller
BACKGROUND: Viral-induced asthma exacerbations, which exhibit both Th1-type neutrophilia and Th2-type inflammation, associate with secretion of Interleukin (IL)-1β. IL-1β induces neutrophilic inflammation. It may also increase Th2-type cytokine expression. We hypothesised that IL-1β is causally involved in both Th1 and Th2 features of asthma exacerbations. This hypothesis is tested in our mouse model of viral stimulus-induced asthma exacerbation. METHOD: Wild-type (WT) and IL-1β deficient (IL-1β-/- ) mice received house dust mite (HDM) or saline intranasally during three weeks followed by intranasal dsRNA (PolyI:C molecule known for its rhinovirus infection mimic) for three consecutive days to provoke exacerbation...
January 24, 2018: Respiratory Research
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