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Erika F Dahl, Steven C Wu, Chastity L Healy, Brian A Harsch, Gregory C Shearer, Timothy D O'Connell
G protein-coupled receptors that signal through Gαq (Gq receptors), such as α1-adrenergic receptors (α1-ARs) or angiotensin receptors, share a common proximal signaling pathway that activates phospholipase Cβ1 (PLCβ1), which cleaves phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to produce inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol. Despite these common proximal signaling mechanisms, Gq receptors produce distinct physiological responses, yet the mechanistic basis for this remains unclear. In the heart, Gq receptors are thought to induce myocyte hypertrophy through a mechanism termed excitation-transcription coupling, which provides a mechanistic basis for compartmentalization of calcium required for contraction versus IP3-dependent intranuclear calcium required for hypertrophy...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ashish Jain, Madhu B Anand-Srivastava
Hypertension is associated with vascular remodeling due to hyperproliferation and hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Recently, we showed the implication of enhanced expression of Gqα and PLCβ1 proteins in hypertrophy of VSMCs from 16-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The aim of this study was to investigate whether C-ANP4-23 , a natriuretic peptide receptor-C (NPR-C) ligand that was shown to inhibit vasoactive peptide-induced enhanced protein synthesis in A10 VSMC could also attenuate hypertrophy of VSMC isolated from rat model of cardiac hypertrophy and to further explore the possible involvement of Gqα/PLCβ1 proteins and ROS-mediated signaling in this effect...
February 2018: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
Osama Garwain, Kaitlyn Valla, Suzanne Scarlata
Cells have developed lineage-specific mechanisms to control proliferation and drive morphologic changes upon differentiation. A hallmark of differentiation is the assembly of signaling molecules that transduce extracellular signals, such as the production of the G protein-regulated enzyme phospholipase Cβ (PLCβ), which generates calcium signals from sensory stimuli. We found that in most cancerous cell lines there is positive correlation between PLCβ1 levels and cell proliferation. In cells of neuronal lineage, however, reducing PLCβ1 levels increases the rate of proliferation...
May 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Alessandro Poli, Stefano Ratti, Carlo Finelli, Sara Mongiorgi, Cristina Clissa, Annalisa Lonetti, Alessandra Cappellini, Alessia Catozzi, Marilena Barraco, Pann-Ghill Suh, Lucia Manzoli, James A McCubrey, Lucio Cocco, Matilde Y Follo
PI-PLCβ1 is involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) pathogenesis. Moreover, the increased activity of PI-PLCβ1 reduces the expression of PKC-α, which, in turn, delays the cell proliferation and is linked to erythropoiesis. Lenalidomide is currently used in low-risk patients with MDS and del(5q), where it can suppress the del(5q) clone and restore normal erythropoiesis. In this study, we analyzed the effect of lenalidomide on 16 patients with low-risk del(5q) MDS, as well as del(5q) and non-del(5q) hematopoietic cell lines, mainly focusing on erythropoiesis, cell cycle, and PI-PLCβ1/PKC-α signaling...
February 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Shriya Sahu, Leo Williams, Alberto Perez, Finly Philip, Giuseppe Caso, Walter Zurawsky, Suzanne Scarlata
RNA-induced silencing is a process which allows cells to regulate the synthesis of specific proteins. RNA silencing is promoted by the protein C3PO (component 3 of RISC). We have previously found that phospholipase Cβ, which increases intracellular calcium levels in response to specific G protein signals, inhibits C3PO activity towards certain genes. Understanding the parameters that control C3PO activity and which genes are impacted by G protein activation would help predict which genes are more vulnerable to downregulation...
September 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Neha Munawar, Mabayoje A Oriowo, Willias Masocha
Background: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) are the cornerstone of the antiretroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). However, their use is sometimes limited by the development of a painful sensory neuropathy, which does not respond well to drugs. Smoked cannabis has been reported in clinical trials to have efficacy in relieving painful HIV-associated sensory neuropathy. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the expression of endocannabinoid system molecules is altered during NRTI-induced painful neuropathy, and also whether endocannabinoids can attenuate NRTI-induced painful neuropathy...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Guohua Li, Shi Tang, Heng Chi, Weiwei Huang, Shanshan Lu, Xin Lv, Xiaomin Liu, Yan Li, Yanpeng Wang, Jiyou Tang
Obstructive sleep apnea is a highly prevalent but under-recognized disorder that causes neurocognitive deficits such as spatial memory and learning deficits. These deficits are frequently accompanied by an increase in orexin-A, which has been shown to be involved in learning and memory as well as in neuronal apoptosis in brain areas involved in cognition, such as the hippocampus. The aim of this work was to study the possible harmful effects of orexin-A on intermittent hypoxemia-induced hippocampal neuronal damage and to investigate the potential underlying molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways in vitro...
April 12, 2017: Neuroreport
Jian Shi, Francesc Miralles, Jean-Pierre Kinet, Lutz Birnbaumer, William A Large, Anthony P Albert
Ca(2+)-permeable store-operated channels (SOCs) mediate Ca(2+) entry pathways which are involved in many cellular functions such as contraction, growth, and proliferation. Prototypical SOCs are formed of Orai1 proteins and are activated by the endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) sensor stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1). There is considerable debate about whether canonical transient receptor potential 1 (TRPC1) proteins also form store-operated channels (SOCs), and if they do, is Orai1 involved. We recently showed that stimulation of TRPC1-based SOCs involves store depletion inducing STIM1-evoked Gαq/PLCβ1 activity in contractile vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)...
July 4, 2017: Channels
Stefano Ratti, Sara Mongiorgi, Giulia Ramazzotti, Matilde Y Follo, Giulia A Mariani, Pann-Ghill Suh, James A McCubrey, Lucio Cocco, Lucia Manzoli
The existence of an independent nuclear inositide pathway distinct from the cytoplasmic one has been demonstrated in different physiological systems and in diseases. In this prospect we analyze the role of PI-PLCβ1 nuclear isoform in relation to the cell cycle regulation, the cell differentiation, and different physiopathological pathways focusing on the importance of the nuclear localization from both molecular and clinical point of view. PI-PLCβ1 is essential for G1/S transition through DAG and Cyclin D3 and plays also a central role in G2/M progression through Cyclin B1 and PKCα...
August 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Jian Luo, Yuan-Hua Liu, Wei Luo, Zhu Luo, Chun-Tao Liu
Mechanisms underlying β2-adrenoreceptor (β2AR) inverse agonist mediated bronchoprotectiveness remain unknown. We incubated ICI118,551, formoterol, budesonide, and formoterol plus budesonide, as well as ICI118,551 or pindolol plus formoterol, ICI118,551 plus forskolin, SQ22,536 or H89 plus formoterol in ASMCs to detect expressions of M3R, PLCβ1 and IP3. The level of M3R in the presence of 10(-5) mmol/L ICI118,551 were significantly decreased at 12 h, 24 h and 48 h (P < 0.05), and at 24 h were significantly reduced in ICI118,551 with concentration of 10(-5 )mmol/L, 10(-6 )mmol/L, 10(-7 )mmol/L, and 10(-8 )mmol/L (P < 0...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mattia Volta, Alexandros A Lavdas, Julia Obergasteiger, Christa Überbacher, Anne Picard, Peter P Pramstaller, Andrew A Hicks, Corrado Corti
Alpha-synuclein is central to Parkinson's disease pathogenesis and pathology, however its precise functions are still unclear. It has been shown to bind both PLCβ1 and MAPKs, but how this property influences the downstream signaling of Gq protein-coupled receptors has not been elucidated. Here we show that recombinant expression of alpha-synuclein in human neuroblastoma cells enhances cellular levels of PLCβ1 but blunts its signaling pathway, preventing the agonist-dependent rise of cytoplasmic Ca2+ . In addition, overexpressing alpha-synuclein abolishes the activation of ERK1/2 upon agonist stimulation, indicating an upstream action in the signal transduction pathway...
January 2017: Cellular Signalling
Jian Shi, Francesc Miralles, Lutz Birnbaumer, William A Large, Anthony P Albert
KEY POINTS: Depletion of Ca(2+) stores activates store-operated channels (SOCs), which mediate Ca(2+) entry pathways that regulate cellular processes such as contraction, proliferation and gene expression. In vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), stimulation of SOCs composed of canonical transient receptor potential channel 1 (TRPC1) proteins requires G protein α q subunit (Gαq)/phospholipase C (PLC)β1/protein kinase C (PKC) activity. We studied the role of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) in coupling store depletion to this activation pathway using patch clamp recording, GFP-PLCδ1-PH imaging and co-localization techniques...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
Osama Garwain, Suzanne Scarlata
When treated with nerve growth factor, PC12 cells will differentiate over the course of several days. Here, we have followed changes during differentiation in the cellular levels of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase Cβ (PLCβ) and its activator, Gαq, which together mediate Ca(2+) release. We also followed changes in the level of the novel PLCβ binding partner TRAX (translin-associated factor X), which promotes RNA-induced gene silencing. We find that the level of PLCβ increases 4-fold within 24 h, whereas Gαq increases only 1...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mohammed Emehdi Atef, Madhu B Anand-Srivastava
Gqα signaling has been implicated in cardiac hypertrophy. In addition, angiotensin II (Ang II) was also shown to induce its hypertrophic effect through Gqα and PKCδ activation. We recently showed the role of enhanced expression of Gqα/PLCβ1 proteins in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hypertrophy, however, the role of PKCδ in VSMC hypertrophy in animal model is still lacking. The present study was therefore undertaken to examine the role of PKCδ and the associated signaling mechanisms in VSMC hypertrophy using 16-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)...
2016: PloS One
Stephan Lange, Katja Gehmlich, Alexander S Lun, Jordan Blondelle, Charlotte Hooper, Nancy D Dalton, Erika A Alvarez, Xiaoyu Zhang, Marie-Louise Bang, Yama A Abassi, Cristobal G Dos Remedios, Kirk L Peterson, Ju Chen, Elisabeth Ehler
MLP (muscle LIM protein)-deficient mice count among the first mouse models for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), yet the exact role of MLP in cardiac signalling processes is still enigmatic. Elevated PKCα signalling activity is known to be an important contributor to heart failure. Here we show that MLP directly inhibits the activity of PKCα. In end-stage DCM, PKCα is concentrated at the intercalated disc of cardiomyocytes, where it is sequestered by the adaptor protein CARP in a multiprotein complex together with PLCβ1...
June 29, 2016: Nature Communications
Takehiko Inaba, Takuma Kishimoto, Motohide Murate, Takuya Tajima, Shota Sakai, Mitsuhiro Abe, Asami Makino, Nario Tomishige, Reiko Ishitsuka, Yasuo Ikeda, Shinji Takeoka, Toshihide Kobayashi
Lipid membrane curvature plays important roles in various physiological phenomena. Curvature-regulated dynamic membrane remodeling is achieved by the interaction between lipids and proteins. So far, several membrane sensing/sculpting proteins, such as Bin/amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) proteins, are reported, but there remains the possibility of the existence of unidentified membrane-deforming proteins that have not been uncovered by sequence homology. To identify new lipid membrane deformation proteins, we applied liposome-based microscopic screening, using unbiased-darkfield microscopy...
July 12, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Y-B Yu, K-H Su, Y R Kou, B-C Guo, K-I Lee, J Wei, T-S Lee
AIMS: Erythropoietin (EPO), the key hormone involved in erythropoiesis, beneficially affects endothelial cells (ECs), but the detailed mechanisms are yet to be completely understood. In this study, we investigated the role of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1), a ligand-gated non-selective calcium (Ca(2+) ) channel, in EPO-mediated endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation and angiogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: In ECs, EPO time dependently increased intracellular levels of calcium; this increase was abrogated by the Ca(2+) chelators and pharmacological inhibitors of TRPV1 in bovine aortic ECs (BAECs) and TRPV1-transfected HEK293 cells...
February 2017: Acta Physiologica
Omri Matalon, Sophia Fried, Aviad Ben-Shmuel, Maor H Pauker, Noah Joseph, Danielle Keizer, Marina Piterburg, Mira Barda-Saad
Natural killer (NK) cells discriminate between healthy cells and virally infected or transformed self-cells by tuning activating and inhibitory signals received through cell surface receptors. Inhibitory receptors inhibit NK cell function by recruiting and activating the tyrosine phosphatase Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) to the plasma membrane. However, to date, the guanine nucleotide exchange factor VAV1 is the only direct SHP-1 substrate identified in NK cells...
May 24, 2016: Science Signaling
Susana M Nunes de Miranda, Thomas Wilhelm, Michael Huber, Carolin N Zorn
BACKGROUND: Antigen (Ag)/IgE-mediated mast cell (MC) responses play detrimental roles in allergic diseases. MC activation via the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRI) is controlled by the Src family kinase Lyn. Lyn-deficient (-/-) bone marrow-derived MCs (BMMCs) have been shown by various laboratories to exert stronger activation of the PI3K pathway, degranulation, and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines compared to wild-type (wt) cells. This mimics the phenotype of BMMCs deficient for the SH2-containing inositol-5'-phosphatase 1 (SHIP1)...
May 20, 2016: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Claudio Raimondi, Veronique Calleja, Riccardo Ferro, Alessandro Fantin, Andrew M Riley, Barry V L Potter, Caroline H Brennan, Tania Maffucci, Banafshé Larijani, Marco Falasca
Strong evidence suggests that phospholipase Cγ1 (PLCγ1) is a suitable target to counteract tumourigenesis and metastasis dissemination. We recently identified a novel signalling pathway required for PLCγ1 activation which involves formation of a protein complex with 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1). In an effort to define novel strategies to inhibit PLCγ1-dependent signals we tested here whether a newly identified and highly specific PDK1 inhibitor, 2-O-benzyl-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate (2-O-Bn-InsP5), could affect PDK1/PLCγ1 interaction and impair PLCγ1-dependent cellular functions in cancer cells...
May 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
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