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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774939/-feasibility-and-preliminary-technical-experience-of-single-incision-plus-one-port-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-combined-with-%C3%AF-shaped-esophagojejunal-anastomosis-in-surgical-treatment-of-gastric-cancer
#1
Guangsheng Du, Enlai Jiang, Yuan Qiu, Wensheng Wang, Shuai Wang, Yunbo Li, Ke Peng, Xiang Li, Hua Yang, Weidong Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility, safety, and preliminary technical experience of single incision plus one port laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis (SILT-π) in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer. METHODS: Clinical data of 5 gastric cancer patients undergoing SILT-π operation at the Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of the Army Medical University from August to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770251/review-of-the-neurological-benefits-of-phytocannabinoids
#2
REVIEW
Joseph Maroon, Jeff Bost
Background: Numerous physical, psychological, and emotional benefits have been attributed to marijuana since its first reported use in 2,600 BC in a Chinese pharmacopoeia. The phytocannabinoids, cannabidiol (CBD), and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) are the most studied extracts from cannabis sativa subspecies hemp and marijuana. CBD and Δ9-THC interact uniquely with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Through direct and indirect actions, intrinsic endocannabinoids and plant-based phytocannabinoids modulate and influence a variety of physiological systems influenced by the ECS...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765652/cell-wall-microstructure-pore-size-distribution-and-absolute-density-of-hemp-shiv
#3
Y Jiang, M Lawrence, M P Ansell, A Hussain
This paper, for the first time, fully characterizes the intrinsic physical parameters of hemp shiv including cell wall microstructure, pore size distribution and absolute density. Scanning electron microscopy revealed microstructural features similar to hardwoods. Confocal microscopy revealed three major layers in the cell wall: middle lamella, primary cell wall and secondary cell wall. Computed tomography improved the visualization of pore shape and pore connectivity in three dimensions. Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) showed that the average accessible porosity was 76...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751921/nutraceutical-potential-of-hemp-cannabis-sativa-l-seeds-and-sprouts
#4
Stefania Frassinetti, Eleonora Moccia, Leonardo Caltavuturo, Morena Gabriele, Vincenzo Longo, Lorenza Bellani, Gianluca Giorgi, Lucia Giorgetti
In this study the antioxidant effect of Cannabis sativa L. seeds and sprouts (3 and 5 days of germination) was evaluated. Total polyphenols, flavonoids and flavonols content, when expressed on dry weight basis, were highest in sprouts; ORAC and DPPH (in vitro assays), CAA-RBC (cellular antioxidant activity in red blood cells) and hemolysis test (ex vivo assays) evidenced a good antioxidant activity higher in sprouts than in seeds. Untargeted analysis by high resolution mass spectrometry in negative ion mode allowed the identification of main polyphenols (caffeoyltyramine, cannabisin A, B, C) in seeds and of ω-6 (linoleic acid) in sprouts...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747473/supercritical-fluid-chromatography-with-photodiode-array-detection-in-the-determination-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-hemp-seed-oil-and-waste-fish-oil
#5
Katarzyna Tyśkiewicz, Roman Gieysztor, Izabela Maziarczyk, Paweł Hodurek, Edward Rój, Krystyna Skalicka-Woźniak
In the presented study for the first time a new, optimized, fast SFC (supercritical fluid chromatography) method was applied to separate in one run fat-soluble vitamins from waste fish oil, including cis -and tran s-retinyl palmitate, cis - and trans -retinyl acetate, retinol, α-tocopherol, β-tocopherol, γ‑tocopherol, δ-tocopherol, ergocalciferol (D₂), cholecalciferol (D₃), cis - and trans -phylloquinone (K₁) and menaquinone-4 (K₂-MK4). Vitamins were baseline separated on an Acquity UPC² (ultra performance convergence chromatography) HSS C18 SB (highly strength chemically modified silica) column within 13 min...
May 10, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718956/a-reliable-and-validated-lc-ms-ms-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-4-cannabinoids-in-40-consumer-products
#6
Qingfang Meng, Beth Buchanan, Jonathan Zuccolo, Mathieu-Marc Poulin, Joseph Gabriele, David Charles Baranowski
In the past 50 years, Cannabis sativa (C. sativa) has gone from a substance essentially prohibited worldwide to one that is gaining acceptance both culturally and legally in many countries for medicinal and recreational use. As additional jurisdictions legalize Cannabis products and the variety and complexity of these products surpass the classical dried plant material, appropriate methods for measuring the biologically active constituents is paramount to ensure safety and regulatory compliance. While there are numerous active compounds in C...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715603/pro-technological-and-functional-characterization-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-to-be-used-as-starters-for-hemp-cannabis-sativa-l-sourdough-fermentation-and-wheat-bread-fortification
#7
Luana Nionelli, Marco Montemurro, Erica Pontonio, Michela Verni, Marco Gobbetti, Carlo Giuseppe Rizzello
Lactic acid bacteria were isolated from hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) flour, spontaneously fermented dough, and type I sourdough. Isolates were identified and further selected based on pro-technological, nutritional and functional properties. Lactobacillus plantarum/s5, Pediococcus acidilactici/s5, and Leuconostoc mesenteroides/s1 were used as mixed starter to produce hemp sourdough. Significant decreases of the concentration of phytic acid, condensed tannins, and total saponins were observed during fermentation...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604356/effect-of-metal-ions-on-the-enzymatic-hydrolysis-of-hemp-seed-oil-by-lipase-candida-sp-99-125
#8
Jike Lu, Pei Wang, Zhaodi Ke, Xin Liu, Qiaozhen Kang, Limin Hao
In order to study the effect of metal ions on the enzymatic hydrolysis of hemp seed oil by Candida sp. 99-125, the spectroscopy, stability and hydrolytic activity of the biocatalyst were investigated in presence of Ca2+ , Mg2+ , Fe2+ , Fe3+ , Cu2+ , Sn2+ , Pb2+ , Zn2+ and Ba2+ metal ions, respectively. The UV spectroscopy showed that all the metal ions enhanced the absorbance but the decrease of fluorescence intensity was observed. All the metal ions could improve the lipase thermal stability except Cu2+ and Ba2+ ...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588653/approaches-in-studying-the-pharmacology-of-chinese-medicine-formulas-bottom-up-top-down-and-meeting-in-the-middle
#9
REVIEW
Tao Huang, Linda L D Zhong, Chen-Yuan Lin, Ling Zhao, Zi-Wan Ning, Dong-Dong Hu, Man Zhang, Ke Tian, Chung-Wah Cheng, Zhao-Xiang Bian
Investigating the pharmacology is key to the modernization of Chinese Medicine (CM) formulas. However, identifying which are the active compound(s) of CM formulas, which biological entities they target, and through which signaling pathway(s) they act to modify disease symptoms, are still difficult tasks for researchers, even when equipped with an arsenal of advanced modern technologies. Multiple approaches, including network pharmacology, pharmaco-genomics, -proteomics, and -metabolomics, have been developed to study the pharmacology of CM formulas...
2018: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579952/high-pressure-homogenization-combined-with-ph-shift-treatment-a-process-to-produce-physically-and-oxidatively-stable-hemp-milk
#10
Qingling Wang, Jiang Jiang, Youling L Xiong
Hemp milk, an emerging beverage with high nutritional value and low allergenicity, is an attractive alternative to dairy, soy, and nut milks. To obtain a non-thermally processed, physically and oxidatively stable hemp milk, high pressure homogenization (HPH) combined with pH shift treatment was investigated. For hemp milk (4% protein, 5% fat) without pH shift, increasing the homogenization pressure (up to 60 MPa) resulted in a more uniform distribution of emulsion droplets (2.2-2.7 μm). When pH shift was applied prior to HPH, large clusters and aggregates of oil droplets (3...
April 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576792/cannabis-essential-oil-a-preliminary-study-for-the-evaluation-of-the-brain-effects
#11
Nadia Gulluni, Tania Re, Idalba Loiacono, Giovanni Lanzo, Luigi Gori, Claudio Macchi, Francesco Epifani, Nicola Bragazzi, Fabio Firenzuoli
We examined the effects of essential oil from legal (THC <0.2% w/v) hemp variety on the nervous system in 5 healthy volunteers. GC/EIMS and GC/FID analysis of the EO showed that the main components were myrcene and β -caryophyllene. The experiment consisted of measuring autonomic nervous system (ANS) parameters; evaluations of the mood state; and electroencephalography (EEG) recording before treatment, during treatment, and after hemp inhalation periods as compared with control conditions. The results revealed decreased diastolic blood pressure, increased heart rate, and significant increased skin temperature...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557436/effects-of-superfoods-on-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-human-intervention-trials
#12
REVIEW
José J van den Driessche, Jogchum Plat, Ronald P Mensink
Functional foods can be effective in the prevention of metabolic syndrome and subsequently the onset of cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus. More recently, however, another term was introduced to describe foods with additional health benefits: "superfoods", for which, to date, no generally accepted definition exists. Nonetheless, their consumption might contribute to the prevention of metabolic syndrome, for example due to the presence of potentially bioactive compounds. This review provides an overview of controlled human intervention studies with foods described as "superfoods" and their effects on metabolic syndrome parameters...
March 20, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548469/corrigendum-to-analysis-of-cannabinoids-by-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-in-milk-liver-and-hemp-seed-to-ensure-food-safety-food-chem-228-2017-177-185
#13
Úrsula Escrivá, María Jesús Andrés-Costa, Vicente Andreu, Yolanda Picó
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538763/effects-of-extrusion-and-microbial-phytase-on-the-apparent-and-standardized-total-tract-digestibility-of-phosphorus-in-hemp-hulls-fed-to-growing-pigs
#14
J W Kim, B Koo, I H Kim, C M Nyachoti
An experiment was carried out to determine the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) and the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P and the effects of extrusion and microbial phytase on ATTD and STTD of P in hemp hulls (HH). Thirty-six pigs (30.3 ± 2.7 kg) were randomly allotted to 1 of 6 experimental diets in a complete randomized design with 6 replicates per diet. A corn-soybean meal (SBM)-based basal diet was formulated. Two additional diets were formulated by replacing 40% of corn and SBM (on a 100% of total diet basis) with HH or extruded HH (EHH)...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534003/energy-absorption-capacity-in-natural-fiber-reinforcement-composites-structures
#15
Elías López-Alba, Sebastian Schmeer, Francisco Díaz
The study of natural fiber reinforcement composite structures has focused the attention of the automobile industry due to the new regulation in relation to the recyclability and the reusability of the materials preserving and/or improving the mechanical characteristics. The influence of different parameters on the material behavior of natural fiber reinforced plastic structures has been investigated, showing the potential for transport application in energy absorbing structures. Two different woven fabrics (twill and hopsack) made of flax fibers as well as a non-woven mat made of a mixture of hemp and kenaf fibers were employed as reinforcing materials...
March 13, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515543/evolution-of-phototrophy-in-the-chloroflexi-phylum-driven-by-horizontal-gene-transfer
#16
Lewis M Ward, James Hemp, Patrick M Shih, Shawn E McGlynn, Woodward W Fischer
The evolutionary mechanisms behind the extant distribution of photosynthesis is a point of substantial contention. Hypotheses range from the presence of phototrophy in the last universal common ancestor and massive gene loss in most lineages, to a later origin in Cyanobacteria followed by extensive horizontal gene transfer into the extant phototrophic clades, with intermediate scenarios that incorporate aspects of both end-members. Here, we report draft genomes of 11 Chloroflexi: the phototrophic Chloroflexia isolate Kouleothrix aurantiaca as well as 10 genome bins recovered from metagenomic sequencing of microbial mats found in Japanese hot springs...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504230/broken-bridges-the-isolation-of-kilimanjaro-s-ecosystem
#17
Andreas Hemp, Claudia Hemp
Biodiversity studies of global change mainly focus on direct impacts such as losses in species numbers or ecosystem functions. In this study, we focus on the long-term effects of recent land-cover conversion and subsequent ecological isolation of Kilimanjaro on biodiversity in a paleobiogeographical context, linking our findings with the long-standing question whether colonization of African mountains mainly depended on long-distance dispersal, or whether gradual migration has been possible through habitat bridges under colder climates...
March 5, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501952/eco-friendly-process-combining-acid-catalyst-and-thermomechanical-pretreatment-for-improving-enzymatic-hydrolysis-of-hemp-hurds
#18
Imane Semhaoui, Thierry Maugard, Ikbal Zarguili, Sid-Ahmed Rezzoug, Jean-Michel Qiuyu Zhao, Jamil Toyir, Mostafa Nawdali, Zoulikha Maache-Rezzoug
The aim of this study was to investigate a pretreatment by combined H2 SO4 acid-catalyst and thermomechanical process to improve hemicelluloses solubilization of hemp hurds and subsequently enzymatic hydrolysis extent of potentially fermentable sugars. It was found that the sugars released were gradually increased with treatment severity. Soluble sugars generated before enzymatic hydrolysis (R1 ) increased up to 2.23 g/L indicating that autohydrolysis reaction occurred during pretreatment. Consequently, the solubilization of hemicelluloses was correlated with combined severity factor (CS)...
June 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500810/nutritional-value-of-commercial-protein-rich-plant-products
#19
Pirjo Mattila, Sari Mäkinen, Merja Eurola, Taina Jalava, Juha-Matti Pihlava, Jarkko Hellström, Anne Pihlanto
The goal of this work was to analyze nutritional value of various minimally processed commercial products of plant protein sources such as faba bean (Vicia faba), lupin (Lupinus angustifolius), rapeseed press cake (Brassica rapa/napus subsp. Oleifera), flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum), oil hemp seed (Cannabis sativa), buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Basic composition and various nutritional components like amino acids, sugars, minerals, and dietary fiber were determined. Nearly all the samples studied could be considered as good sources of essential amino acids, minerals and dietary fiber...
March 2, 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492922/-safety-evaluation-on-initial-100-consecutive-procedures-of-self-pulling-and-latter-transected-esophagojejunostomy
#20
Hankun Hao, Jun Hong, Yaping Wang, Jian Wang, Yibing Bei, Luchun Hua
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and the short-term safety of self-pulling and latter transected esophagojejunostomy(SPLT) in totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG). METHODS: One hundred patients with gastric cancer received TLTG-SPLT at General Surgery Department of Huashan Hospital (Fudan University) from June 2014 to January 2017(SPLT group). The clinicopathologic characteristics, surgical and postoperative outcomes were collected retrospectively and compared with the conventional group undergoing TLTG plus overlap or functional end-to-end anastomosis from October 2013 to December 2015...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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