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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429630/new-and-emerging-risks-associated-with-green-workplaces
#1
Dorota Elżbieta Wandzich, Grażyna Anna Płaza
Work environments are continuously changing with the introduction of new technologies, substances and work processes, changes in the structure of the workforce and labor market, and new forms of employment and work organization. New work situations bring both risks and challenges for workers and employers, which, in turn, may require political, administrative, technical, and regulatory approaches to ensure worker safety and health. This article is based on a European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) report, Green Jobs and Occupational Safety and Health, that detailed new and emerging risks to occupational safety and health associated with new technologies in green jobs...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427549/lung-diseases-associated-with-hydrocarbon-exposure
#2
REVIEW
Stephen J Connellan
The human race has been exposed to the potential toxicity of hydrocarbons, whether by the inhaled or ingested route, for thousands of years and the consequent inflammatory reaction in the lungs depends on the degree of exposure, volatility and viscosity of the particular hydrocarbon in question. Heating, lighting, transportation, industry and nature all provide the potential for both inhalation and/or ingestion of hydrocarbons. Some forms, such as those related to petroleum products, e.g. diesel exhaust particles (DEP) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) have been shown to cause both malignant and non-malignant respiratory diseases...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424950/estimated-work-ability-in-warm-outdoor-environments-depends-on-the-chosen-heat-stress-assessment-metric
#3
Peter Bröde, Dusan Fiala, Bruno Lemke, Tord Kjellstrom
With a view to occupational effects of climate change, we performed a simulation study on the influence of different heat stress assessment metrics on estimated workability (WA) of labour in warm outdoor environments. Whole-day shifts with varying workloads were simulated using as input meteorological records for the hottest month from four cities with prevailing hot (Dallas, New Delhi) or warm-humid conditions (Managua, Osaka), respectively. In addition, we considered the effects of adaptive strategies like shielding against solar radiation and different work-rest schedules assuming an acclimated person wearing light work clothes (0...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#4
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421641/it-is-not-just-about-occupation-but-also-about-where-you-work
#5
Hanne Berthelsen, Hugo Westerlund, Jari J Hakanen, Tage S Kristensen
OBJECTIVES: Dentistry is characterized by a meaningful but also stressful psychosocial working environment. Job satisfaction varies among staff working under different organizational forms. The aim of this study was to identify (i) to what extent crucial psychosocial work environment characteristics differ among occupations in general public dental clinics in Sweden, and (ii) how much of the variation within each occupation is attributable to the organizational level. METHODS: All staff (N=1782) employed in four public dental organizations received an email with personal log-in to an electronic questionnaire based on the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
April 18, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419797/-alcohol-consumption-prevalence-in-civil-servants
#6
Miguel Ruiz-Flores Bistuer, Mª Teófila Vicente Herrero, Silvia Lladosa Marco, Luisa Mercedes Capdevila García, Ángel Arturo López González
Alcohol consumption is a concern for its effects on health and repercussions on the work environment. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption among civil servants and to examine its association with sociodemographic and occupational variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1180 workers from January to November 2011. The prevalence of alcohol consumption was measured in ABV (alcohol by volume) units, and examined by sociodemographic and occupational variables (sex, education level, type of work and social class)...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414580/identifying-personal-risk-factors-for-falls-in-the-workplace
#7
Ann Regina Lurati
Falls can occur in any occupational setting. Occupational health professionals may focus on creating a safe work environment and training programs to prevent falls. However, an important aspect of safety management is identifying at-risk employees. The purpose of this article is to identify personal risk factors and offer interventions to prevent falls in the workplace.
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409764/using-the-narratives-of-ontarians-with-a-work-related-traumatic-brain-injury-to-inform-injury-prevention-a-mixed-methods-approach
#8
Vanessa Amodio, Heather Bruch, Tatyana Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
BACKGROUND: Work-related traumatic brain injury (wrTBI) is the most significant occupational injury associated with death and disability. Few studies have investigated injury text narratives to inform prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors leading to wrTBI in male and female workers utilizing the Person-Environment-Occupation (P-E-O) framework. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of the medical records of 98 consecutive Ontario workers with a diagnosed wrTBI was performed...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407135/pro-heat-stress-as-a-potential-etiology-of-mesoamerican-and-sri-lankan-nephropathy-a-late-night-consult-with-sherlock-holmes
#9
Richard J Johnson
Epidemics of chronic kidney disease are now recognized in Central America, Mexico, India and Sri Lanka, and there is also some evidence that similar epidemics may be occurring in the USA, Thailand and elsewhere. A common denominator for each location is manually working outside in extremely hot environments. Here we review the evidence that the primary etiology may be heat stress related to repeated subclinical or clinical acute kidney injury that eventually manifests as chronic kidney disease. In some aspects, the disease may manifest as subclinical heat stroke, subclinical rhabdomyolysis or a subclinical tumor lysis syndrome...
April 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406131/sleep-health-of-healthcare-workers-in-kano-nigeria
#10
E S Kolo, A O Ahmed, A Hamisu, A Ajiya, B I Akhiwu
BACKGROUND: The relevance of sleep in the life of a human being cannot be overemphasized in terms of physical and mental well-being. Among several factors that can affect the sleep health of an individual occupation have been found to play a prominent role. The literature is still scanty with regard to sleep studies in our environment. AIM: This study aims to assess the sleep health of tertiary healthcare workers in Kano Nigeria and find, if any, its determining or related factors...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403735/undergraduate-environmental-public-health-education
#11
Emily Q Ahonen, Steven E Lacey
Environmental, occupational, and public health in the United States are practiced across a fragmented system that makes work across those areas more difficult. A large proportion of currently active environmental and occupational health professionals, advocates, policy makers, and activists are nearing retirement age, while some of our major health challenges are heavily influenced by aspects of environment. Concurrently, programs that educate undergraduate college students in environmental health are faced with multiple, often competing demands which can impede progressive movement toward dynamic curricula for the needs of the twenty-first century...
May 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403079/toward-a-mediation-model-for-nurses-well-being-and-psychological-distress-effects-of-quality-of-leadership-and-social-support-at-work
#12
Beatrice I J M Van der Heijden, Regina H Mulder, Christoph König, Veronika Anselmann
Given the lack of active nurses in industrialized countries throughout the world, in combination with demographic changes, it is of utmost importance to protect nurses' well-being and to prevent psychological distress, because of their strong association with premature occupational leave. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quality of leadership and social support at work on well-being and psychological distress of nurses and to determine whether nurses' overcommitment mediates the relationship between the abovementioned determinants and the outcomes...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400744/a-psychosocial-approach-to-understanding-underground-spaces
#13
Eun H Lee, George I Christopoulos, Kian W Kwok, Adam C Roberts, Chee-Kiong Soh
With a growing need for usable land in urban areas, subterranean development has been gaining attention. While construction of large underground complexes is not a new concept, our understanding of various socio-cultural aspects of staying underground is still at a premature stage. With projected emergence of underground built environments, future populations may spend much more of their working, transit, and recreational time in underground spaces. Therefore, it is essential to understand the challenges and advantages that such environments have to improve the future welfare of users of underground spaces...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399726/a-path-analysis-model-for-explaining-unsafe-behavior-at-workplaces-the-effect-of-perceived-work-pressure
#14
Fakhradin Ghasemi, Omid Kalatpour, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Iraj Mohhamadfam
BACKGROUND: unsafe behavior is closely related to occupational accidents. Work pressure is one the main factors affecting employees' behavior. The aim of the present was to provide a path analysis model for explaining how work pressure affects safety behavior. METHODS: using a self-administered questionnaire, six variables supposed to affect safety employees' behavior were measured. The path analysis model was constructed based on several hypotheses. The goodness of fit of the model was assessed using both absolute and comparative fit indices...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397510/a-profile-of-perceived-stress-factors-among-nursing-staff-working-with-intellectually-disabled-in-patients-at-the-free-state-psychiatric-complex-south-africa
#15
Maria Conradie, Danelle Erwee, Isabel Serfontein, Maré Visser, Frikkie J W Calitz, Gina Joubert
INTRODUCTION: Nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients experience unique stress factors that can influence their personal well-being and work performance. OBJECTIVES: To compile a profile of stress factors experienced by nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients at the Free State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC). METHODS: This descriptive study included 89 nursing staff members from this environment. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information and determine personal and occupational stressors...
March 16, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395315/creating-a-future-for-occupational-health
#16
Trevor K Peckham, Marissa G Baker, Janice E Camp, Joel D Kaufman, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Economic, social, technical, and political drivers are fundamentally changing the nature of work and work environments, with profound implications for the field of occupational health. Nevertheless, researchers and practitioners entering the field are largely being trained to assess and control exposures using approaches developed under old models of work and risks. Methods: A speaker series and symposium were organized to broadly explore current challenges and future directions for the occupational health field...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394546/occupational-contact-dermatitis-amongst-dentists-and-dental-technicians
#17
Liborija Lugović-Mihić, Iva Ferček, Tomislav Duvančić, Vedrana Bulat, Josip Ježovita, Gaby Novak-Bilić, Mirna Šitum
Since the working medical personnel including dentists and dental technicians mainly use their hands, it is understandable that the most common occupational disease amongst medical personnel is contact dermatitis (CD) (80%-90% of cases). Development of occupational CD is caused by contact of the skin with various substances in occupational environment. Occupational etiologic factors for dental personnel are foremost reactions to gloves containing latex, followed by various dental materials (e.g., metals, acrylates), detergents, lubricants, solvents, chemicals, etc...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394294/relationship-between-occupational-stress-5-ht2a-receptor-polymorphisms-and-mental-health-in-petroleum-workers-in-the-xinjiang-arid-desert-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ting Jiang, Hua Ge, Jian Sun, Rong Li, Rui Han, Jiwen Liu
At present, there is growing interest in research examining the relationship between occupational stress and mental health. Owing to the socioeconomic impact of occupational stress and the unique environment of petroleum workers in Xinjiang, a cross-sectional study was carried out between April and December 2015 to investigate the relationship between occupational stress, 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor (5-HTR2A) genotype, and mental health. A total of 1485 workers were selected. The Symptom Checklist 90 was used to assess nine classes of psychological symptoms...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393716/pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#19
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393344/-workplace-stress-counseling-for-nurses-a-community-counseling-model
#20
Jen-Hsiang Lin, Shiuan-Tzu Hsiao
Nurses play an integral role in providing medical services, with the quality of nursing care related closely to the level of success that these services achieve. Nursing is a high-stress occupation with a relatively high risk of work burnout, which has been associated with reduced workplace satisfaction, increased turnover, and reduced patient safety. In recent years, the high level of work-related stress in nursing has been an important issue for the government, academia, and industry. Although various plans and policies have been developed to improve the nursing environment in order to reduce stress, these have focused only on the general nursing-practice environment without substantive consideration of the impact of psychological, social, and cultural factors on nursing work stress...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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