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work, environment, occupational

Andrea Domingo-Pueyo, Javier Sanz-Valero, Carmina Wanden-Berghe
BACKGROUND: To review the available scientific literature about the effects on health by occupational exposure to noise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the retrieved scientific literature from the databases MEDLINE (via PubMed), ISI-Web of Knowledge (Institute for Scientific Information), Cochrane Library Plus, SCOPUS, and SciELO (collection of scientific journals) was conducted. The following terms were used as descriptors and were searched in free text: "Noise, Occupational," "Occupational Exposure," and "Occupational Disease...
September 2016: Noise & Health
Chad Rittle
Occupational health nurses are familiar with environmental exposures workers encounter in their workplaces. However, employees are only "on-the-job" about one third of each workday, with a multitude of potential exposures in other environments that can affect their health. This article addresses some of the major exposures employees encounter outside the workplace-air, water, and soil pollution, and hazardous wastes-including a discussion of several well-known national and international environmental incidents...
October 19, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Catherine Utecht Graeve, Patricia Marie McGovern, Bruce Alexander, Timothy Church, Andrew Ryan, Martha Polovich
Approximately 8 million health care workers are unnecessarily exposed to highly toxic drugs used to treat cancer; antineoplastic drugs can contribute to negative health effects for these workers. The drugs have been detected in the urine of workers and on the floors and counters of worksites. Safety precautions that could reduce the risk of exposure are underutilized. This cross-sectional study of 163 oncology health care workers used a survey to measure workplace and individual factors, and environmental sampling to measure surface contamination...
October 6, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Lucia Botti, Emilio Ferrari, Cristina Mora
Work in confined spaces poses a significant risk to workers and rescuers involved in the emergency response when an accident occurs. Despite several standards and regulations define the safety requirements for such activities, injuries and fatalities still occur. Furthermore, the on-site inspections after accidents often reveal that both employers and employees fail to implement safe entry procedures. Removing the risk is possible by avoiding the worker entry, but many activities require the presence of the operator inside the confined space to perform manual tasks...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Luca Falzone, Andrea Marconi, Carla Loreto, Sabrina Franco, Demetrios A Spandidos, Massimo Libra
It is well known that the occupational exposure to contaminants and carcinogens leads to the development of cancer in exposed workers. In the 18th century, Percivall Pott was the first to hypothesize that chronic exposure to dust in the London chimney sweeps was associated with an increased risk of developing cancer. Subsequently a growing body of evidence indicated that other physical factors were also responsible for oncogenic mutations. Over the past decades, many carcinogens have been found in the occupational environment and their presence is often associated with an increased incidence of cancer...
October 3, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Alexandra Lecours, Pierre-Yves Therriault
BACKGROUND: Preventive behaviour is a significant intervention target in order to promote health at work, but has never been discussed in an occupational perspective. AIM: To clarify the concept of preventive behaviour at work. METHODS: The Walker and Avant (2011) method was used to conduct the study. RESULTS: The attributes of the concept are: (1) compliance with safety rules and procedures, (2) proactivity, participation, engagement and initiatives related to prevention, (3) maintenance of physical environment, (4) concern for social environment and (5) reflexivity and analytical skills of work situations...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Daniel Petras, Louis-Félix Nothias, Robert A Quinn, Theodore Alexandrov, Nuno Bandeira, Amina Bouslimani, Gabriel Castro-Falcón, Liangyu Chen, Tam Dang, Dimitrios J Floros, Vivian Y H Hook, Neha Garg, Nicole Hoffner, Yike Jiang, Clifford A Kapono, Irina Koester, Rob Knight, Christopher A Leber, Tiejun Ling, Tal Luzzatto-Knaan, Laura-Isobel McCall, Aaron Philip McGrath, Michael J Meehan, Jonathan K Merritt, Robert H Mills, Jamie Morton, Sonia Podvin, Ivan Protsyuk, Trevor Purdy, Kendall Satterfield, Stephen Searles, Sahil Shah, Sarah Shires, Dana Steffen, Margot White, Jelena Todoric, Robert Tuttle, Aneta Wojnicz, Valerie Sapp, Fernando Vargas, Jin Yang, Chao Zhang, Pieter C Dorrestein
The cars we drive, the homes we live in, the restaurants we visit, and the labs and offices we work in are all a part of the modern human habitat. Remarkably, little is known about the diversity of chemicals present in these environments and to what degree molecules from our bodies influence the built environment that surrounds us and vice versa. We therefore set out to visualize the chemical diversity of five built human habitats together with their occupants, to provide a snapshot of the various molecules to which humans are exposed on a daily basis...
October 12, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
James Campbell Quick, M Ann McFadyen
Sexual harassment (SH) is a continuing, chronic occupational health problem in organizations and work environments. First addressed in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology through a 1998 Special Section on Sexual Harassment, we return to this consequential issue. If the goal is to reduce SH in organizations, and we believe that it should be, then a key question is whether we have made progress in 2 decades. The answer is mixed. Yes, there is a 28% decline in SH complaints. No, there is an increase in complaints by males...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Subhashis Basu, Hasan Qayyum, Suzanne Mason
INTRODUCTION: Occupational stress is a major modern health and safety challenges. While the ED is known to be a high-pressure environment, the specific organisational stressors which affect ED staff have not been established. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of literature examining the sources of organisational stress in the ED, their link to adverse health outcomes and interventions designed to address them. A narrative review of contextual factors that may contribute to occupational stress was also performed...
October 11, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Kazunori Ikegami, Hiroki Nozawa, Satoshi Michii, Ryosuke Sugano, Hajime Ando, Masayuki Hasegawa, Hiroko Kitamura, Akira Ogami
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the working behavior of part-time occupational physicians using practical recording sheets to clarify issues of occupational physicians' activities according to industrial groups or size of business. METHODS: We collected 561 recording sheets in 96 industries from 11 part-time occupational physicians as collaborators, who volunteered to be a part of this research. We collected a variety of information from the practical recording sheets, including the industry in which each occupational physician was employed, the annual number of times of work attendance, occupational physician-conducted workplace patrol, and employee health management...
September 30, 2016: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Yufeng Miao, Runhuai Wang, Chan Lu, Jinping Zhao, Qihong Deng
The plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is ubiquitous in the environment and considered as carcinogen; however, the carcinogenic risk of human exposure to DEHP in the air via inhalation is lacking. A probabilistic incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) model was implemented to quantitatively estimate the potential cancer risk of DEHP via human inhalation by using Monte Carlo simulation. We assessed the cancer risk in different age groups (children, adolescents, and adults) exposed to different DEHP concentrations (background low, indoor moderate, and occupational high) for different durations (2, 8, and 20 years)...
October 7, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Eduardo Monteiro Martins, Priscila Falcão de Sá Borba, Neemias Espindola Dos Santos, Paula Thaise Bermudez Dos Reis, Renata Simões Silveira, Sergio Machado Corrêa
Indoor air quality is an increasing concern; it causes significant damage to health because it is recycled in confined environments for extended periods of time. Among the pollutants found in these environments, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) are known for their potential toxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic effects. This study monitored the BTEX concentrations in paint, carpentry, and varnish workplaces and evaluated the potential to cause adverse health effects on workers in these environments...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Angela Simonelli, Rossella Guadagni, Pasquale De Franciscis, Nicola Colacurci, Maria Pieri, Pascale Basilicata, Paola Pedata, Monica Lamberti, Nicola Sannolo, Nadia Miraglia
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to give a first data set of bisphenol A (BPA) levels in the peritoneal fluid of patients suffering from endometriosis and to investigate the relationship between BPA exposure and endometriosis. METHODS: A questionnaire investigating the occupational context, life environment, and habits was administered to 68 patients suffering from endometriosis and 60 endometriosis-free subjects (control group). Urine and peritoneal fluids samples were collected and analysed by GC/MSMS for BPA dosage...
October 7, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Gintare Kaliniene, Ruta Ustinaviciene, Lina Skemiene, Vidmantas Vaiciulis, Paulius Vasilavicius
BACKGROUND: Information technologies in occupational activities have been developing very rapid. Epidemiological studies have shown that musculoskeletal disorders are widely prevalent among employees working with a computer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in various anatomical areas and its associations with individual, ergonomic, and psychosocial factors among computer workers of the public sector in Kaunas County, Lithuania. METHODS: The investigation consisting of two parts - questionnaire study (Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire) and direct observation (evaluation of work ergonomics using the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment [RULA]) - was carried out in three randomly selected public sector companies of Kaunas County...
October 7, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Hannes Zacher, Antje Schmitt
Based on a lifespan perspective on work design, person-environment interaction and fit theories, models of successful aging at work, and role theory, we review research on the role of worker age in relationships between work characteristics and occupational well-being. We first focus on interaction effects of work characteristics and age on occupational well-being. Research has found that age can moderate associations between work characteristics and occupational well-being indicators, and that work characteristics can moderate associations between age and occupational well-being indicators...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Pavlos Sarafis, Eirini Rousaki, Andreas Tsounis, Maria Malliarou, Liana Lahana, Panagiotis Bamidis, Dimitris Niakas, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: Nursing is perceived as a strenuous job. Although past research has documented that stress influences nurses' health in association with quality of life, the relation between stress and caring behaviors remains relatively unexamined, especially in the Greek working environment, where it is the first time that this specific issue is being studied. The aim was to investigate and explore the correlation amidst occupational stress, caring behaviors and their quality of life in association to health...
2016: BMC Nursing
Eilish King, Theresa Okodogbe, Eilish Burke, Mary McCarron, Philip McCallion, Mary Ann O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: As adults with intellectual disability (ID) in Ireland move to the community from residential settings, the changed environment is intended to increase opportunities for occupational engagement, autonomy and social relationships. It is important to consider how increased resources and opportunities available within the community can be optimized to promote engagement and quality of life. AIMS: This paper investigates if and how ADL and IADL performance of people ageing with ID is related to place of residence...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
R Miniero, A M Ingelido, A Abballe, A di Domenico, S Valentini, V Marra, P G Barbieri, S Garattini, F Speziani, E De Felip
The concentration values of polychlorodibenzodioxins (PCDDs), polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like polychlorobiphenyls (DL-PCBs) in blood serum samples (pools) of metallurgical workers in the area of the city of Brescia (northern Italy) were statistically processed. As to workers' exposure characteristics, pools were divided into 34 professionally exposed (PE) and 11 non-professionally exposed (NPE). A further subdivision of PE pools was according to workplaces in which ferrous (N = 24) and non-ferrous (N = 10) materials were handled...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Nayera E Hassan, Sahar A El-Masry, Tarek Farid, Aya Khalil
BACKGROUND: Overweight/obesity is a multi-factorial problem, which results from rapidly changing social, economic, and physical environments that have led to an energy imbalance. AIM: To identify the association between childhood overweight/obesity and some socio-demographic risk factors, as parental age, body mass index (BMI), education and occupation, family size and residence (urban/rural). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 154 children of both sexes; aged 5-18 years; with their parents; one of them was working at the National Research Centre and from their relatives and neighbours...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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