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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331534/ford-and-edison-in-a-modern-regulatory-environment-the-first-in-human-trial-of-night-work-and-artificial-light
#1
EDITORIAL
Thomas C Erren, David M Shaw, Ursula Wild, J Valérie Groß
A thought experiment places Henry Ford and Thomas Alva Edison in a modern regulatory environment. In a utopian occupational world devoid of night-shifts or artificial light, Ford wants to experiment with "working through the night". To support Ford's project, Edison offers his patented electric lamps to "turn nights into days". An ethics committee [EC] does not approve the night-work experiment and Utopia's Food and Drug Administration [FDA] does not approve the potential medical device as safe for use by humans...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327796/keeping-track-of-hidden-dangers-the-short-history-of-the-sabi%C3%A3-virus
#2
Joel Henrique Ellwanger, José Artur Bogo Chies
Emerging infectious diseases are a global threat. In countries like Brazil, where biodiversity is high and public health conditions in terms of infrastructure and medical care are often precarious, emerging diseases are particularly worrisome. The lack of monitoring strategies to identify pathogens with the potential to cause outbreaks or epidemics is another problem in Brazil and other developing countries. In this article, we present the history of the Sabiá virus (SABV), a pathogen that was described in the 1990s in Brazil...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326108/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-of-north-korean-refugees-service-providers
#3
Yeunhee Joyce Kim
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the burnout and secondary traumatic stress of service providers for North Korean (NK) refugees based on the conceptual framework of theJob Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of workplace burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted with a national sample consisting of all 63 organizations in direct services to North Korean refugees. Of the estimated total number of 230 service providers comprising of social workers, psychotherapists, job counselors and paraprofessional counselors, 179 completed the survey, a 77...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320979/exposure-to-4-4-methylene-bis-2-chloroaniline-mboca-in-new-south-wales-australia
#4
Kiran Shankar, Vivian Fung, Mahinda Seneviratne, Gregory E O'Donnell
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the level of exposure of 4, 4'-methylene bis(2-chloroaniline) (MbOCA) in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: An integrated occupational hygiene and biological monitoring program were used to assess the workers' exposure to MbOCA via inhalation, ingestion and dermal contact. This was conducted by personal air monitoring, static air monitoring and surface contamination monitoring of the work environment and biological monitoring of the workers' exposure to MbOCA at nine workplaces in NSW...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319714/occupational-exposure-of-firefighters-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-non-fire-work-environments
#5
Marta Oliveira, Klara Slezakova, Adília Fernandes, João Paulo Teixeira, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Maria do Carmo Pereira, Simone Morais
This work aims to characterize personal exposure of firefighters to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in non-fire work environments (fire stations), and assesses the respective risks. Eighteen PAHs (16 considered by USEPA as priority pollutants, dibenzo[a,l]pyrene and benzo[j]fluoranthene) were monitored in breathing zones of workers at five Portuguese fire stations during a normal shift. The obtained levels of PAHs fulfilled all existent occupational exposure limits as well as air quality guidelines with total concentrations (ΣPAHs) in range of 46...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317575/infection-control-in-the-dental-office
#6
REVIEW
Francesco R Sebastiani, Harry Dym, Tarun Kirpalani
The goal of an infection control program is to provide a safe working environment for dental health care personnel and their patients. Practitioners can achieve this by adopting measures that reduce health care-associated infections among patients and occupational exposures among dental health care personnel. It is crucial for all dental practitioners to be up to date on current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines, equipment, and techniques for proper infection control. Continuous evaluation of infection control practices is important...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302109/interaction-of-cd14-haplotypes-and-soluble-cd14-on-pulmonary-function-in-agricultural-workers
#7
Tricia D LeVan, Lynette M Smith, Art J Heires, Ted R Mikuls, Jane L Meza, Lisa A Weissenburger-Moser, Debra J Romberger
BACKGROUND: Agricultural environments are contaminated with organic dusts containing bacterial components. Chronic inhalation of organic dusts is implicated in respiratory diseases. CD14 is a critical receptor for gram-negative lipopolysaccharide; however, its association with respiratory disease among agricultural workers is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine if serum soluble CD14 (sCD14) levels are associated with lung function among agricultural workers and if this association is modified by genetic variants in CD14...
March 16, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295980/mental-health-status-and-its-predictors-among-call-center-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Hyunjin Oh, Heyeon Park, Sunjoo Boo
In this study, we assessed the mental health of Korean call center employees and investigated the potential predictors of their mental health status. A cross-sectional study using self-completing questionnaire was conducted for employees working for a credit card call center. A total of 306 call center employees completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, the Emotion Labor Scale, and the Korean Occupational Stress Scale. The results showed that more than half of the participants reported high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress...
March 15, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290941/professional-stress-and-burnout-in-u-s-military-medical-personnel-deployed-to-afghanistan
#9
Amy B Adler, Amanda L Adrian, Marla Hemphill, Nicole H Scaro, Maurice L Sipos, Jeffrey L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Studies of medical staff members have consistently documented high levels of burnout compared to those in other professions. Although there are studies of burnout in military medical staff, there are gaps in understanding the experience of medical staff while they are deployed and few occupationally-related factors associated with decreased burnout have been identified in this population. PURPOSE: To assess work-related variables accounting for burnout over and above rank, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and professional stressors in the deployed environment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288531/occupational-therapists-and-physiotherapists-perceptions-of-implementing-occupational-performance-coaching
#10
Fiona Graham, Pauline Boland, Jenny Ziviani, Sylvia Rodger
PURPOSE: Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) has been proposed as an intervention for working with caregivers towards achievement of goals for themselves and their children. Preliminary studies indicate the effectiveness of OPC; however, translation into practice requires an understanding of therapists' perceptions of applying OPC in their service delivery settings. This study explored physio- and occupational-therapists' experiences of using OPC and their perceptions of the contextual factors which influence its implementation...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286422/hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-a-complex-lung-disease
#11
REVIEW
Gian Galeazzo Riario Sforza, Androula Marinou
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), also called extrinsic allergic alveolitis, is a respiratory syndrome involving the lung parenchyma and specifically the alveoli, terminal bronchioli, and alveolar interstitium, due to a delayed allergic reaction. Such reaction is secondary to a repeated and prolonged inhalation of different types of organic dusts or other substances to which the patient is sensitized and hyper responsive, primarily consisting of organic dusts of animal or vegetable origin, more rarely from chemicals...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283128/predictors-of-detected-organophosphorus-pesticides-among-orang-asli-children-living-in%C3%A2-malaysia
#12
Juliana Mat Sutris, Zaleha Md Isa, Siti Arfah Sumeri, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi
BACKGROUND: Increasing use of pesticides in agriculture to control pest may result in permanent damage to the environment and consequently cause harmful health problems especially among infant and children. Due to pesticide's natural toxicity and its widespread use, it causes a serious threat to public health especially to this vulnerable group. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the organophosphorus pesticide urinary metabolite levels and its predictors among Orang Asli children of the Mah Meri tribe living in an agricultural island in Kuala Langat, Selangor...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278066/characterization-of-exposure-to-byproducts-from-firing-lead-free-frangible-ammunition-in-an-enclosed-ventilated-firing-range
#13
Christin M Grabinski, Mark M Methner, Jerimiah M Jackson, Alexander L Moore, Laura E Flory, Trevor Tilly, Saber M Hussain, Darrin K Ott
U.S. Air Force small arms firing ranges began using copper-based, lead-free frangible ammunition in the early 2000s due to environmental and health concerns related to the use of lead-based ammunition. Exposure assessments at these firing ranges have routinely detected chemicals and metals in amounts much lower than their mass-based occupational exposure limits, yet, instructors report work-related health concerns including respiratory distress, nausea, and headache. The objective of this study at one firing range was to characterize the aerosol emissions produced by weapons during firing events and evaluate the ventilation system's effectiveness in controlling instructor exposure to these emissions...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276844/an-acute-interprofessional-simulation-experience-for-occupational-and-physical-therapy-students-key-findings-from-a-survey-study
#14
Erin M Thomas, Melinda F Rybski, Tonya L Apke, Deb A Kegelmeyer, Anne D Kloos
Due to the fast pace and high complexity of managing patients in intensive and acute care units (ICUs), healthcare students often feel challenged and unprepared to practice in this environment. Simulations and standardised patients provide "hands-on" learning experiences that are realistic and help students to gain competence and confidence. This study examined the impact of an intensive case simulation laboratory using a patient simulator and standardised patients on students' perceptions of their confidence and preparedness to work in acute care settings...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275278/occupational-health-problems-among-dentists-in-croatia
#15
Marin Vodanović, Slavica Sović, Ivan Galić
AIM: To assess the health status among dentists in Croatia regarding the symptoms of musculoskeletal, dermatological, sight, hearing and neurological disorders. METHODS: The anonymous online survey was conducted among 506 Croatian dentists. RESULTS: It was found that over 78.18% of the surveyed dentists experienced work related pain in upper back, 76.97% of them in lower back. Work-related skin problems were reported by 29.29% of dentists...
December 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274239/occupational-exposure-to-particles-and-mitochondrial-dna-relevance-for-blood-pressure
#16
Yiyi Xu, Huiqi Li, Maria Hedmer, Mohammad Bakhtiar Hossain, Håkan Tinnerberg, Karin Broberg, Maria Albin
BACKGROUND: Particle exposure is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is a primary target for oxidative stress generated by particle exposure. We aimed to elucidate the effects of occupational exposure to particle-containing welding fumes on different biomarkers of mtDNA function, and in turn, explore if they modify the association between particle exposure and cardiovascular response, measured as blood pressure. METHODS: We investigated 101 welders and 127 controls (all non-smoking males) from southern Sweden...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263770/human-physiological-responses-to-wooden-indoor-environment
#17
Xi Zhang, Zhiwei Lian, Yong Wu
Previous studies are mainly focused on non-wooden environments, whereas few are concerned with wooden ones. How wooden indoor environments impact the physiology of the occupants is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the distinct physiological responses to wooden and non-wooden indoor environments, assessed by physiological parameters tests including blood pressure, electrocardiogram measurements, electro-dermal activity, oxyhemoglobin saturation, skin temperature, and near distance vision...
March 2, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255304/hard-physical-work-intensifies-the-occupational-consequence-of-physician-diagnosed-back-disorder-prospective-cohort-study-with-register-follow-up-among-10-000-workers
#18
Emil Sundstrup, Lars Louis Andersen
While musculoskeletal pain is common in the population, less is known about its labor market consequences in relation to physical activity at work. This study investigates whether hard physical work aggravates the consequences of back disorder. Using Cox regression analyses, we estimated the joint association of physical activity at work and physician-diagnosed back disorder in 2010 with the risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA) of at least 6 consecutive weeks during 2011-2012 among 9,544 employees from the general working population (Danish Work Environment Cohort Study)...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253201/a-multiple-methods-approach-radiation-associated-cataracts-and-occupational-radiation-safety-practices-in-interventionalists-in-south-africa
#19
A Rose, W I D Rae, P Chikobvu, W Marais
Ionising radiation is a modality used in diagnostic and therapeutic medicine. The technology has improved and resulted in lower dose exposure but there has been an escalation in the quantity of procedures, their duration and complexity. These factors have meant increased occupational radiation exposure for interventionalists. Ionising radiation exposure can have detrimental health effects and includes radiation skin burns, various carcinomas, genetic and chromosomal aberrations and cataractogenesis of the lenses of the eye...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249553/occupational-exposure-and-respiratory-health-problems-among-nutmeg-production-workers-in-grenada-the-caribbean
#20
Muge Akpinar-Elci, Satesh Bidaisee, MyNgoc Thuy Nguyen, Omur Cinar Elci
BACKGROUND: The nutmeg industry is a major contributor to the Grenadian economy. However, workers in the industry face many environmental and occupational health risks. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate respiratory health problems and possible related occupational exposures among nutmeg production workers. METHODS: A questionnaire, spirometry and allergen skin-prick test was given to 92 nutmeg workers. Samples for measurement of airborne dust, mold, and phosphine were also collected from work environments...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
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