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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930301/night-shift-work-and-risk-of-compromised-visual-acuity-among-the-workers-in-an-electronics-manufacturing-company
#1
Yu-Cheng Lin, Kuo-Jung Ho
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between night-shift work exposure and visual health, this cross-sectional study utilized visual acuity, a surrogate measure for visual function, as a parameter, and performed an analysis comparing visual acuity between daytime and nighttime employees in an electronics manufacturing company. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of personal histories, occupational records, physical examinations and blood tests was obtained from the electronic health records of workers...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930300/assessment-of-shoulder-and-low-back-muscle-activity-of-male-kitchen-workers-using-surface-electromyography
#2
Shankar Subramaniam, Shanmugam Murugesan, Srinivasan Jayaraman
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess muscle fatigue for kitchen workers during various tasks in a kitchen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study consists of 2 phases: a) surface electromyography (EMG) to determine muscle fatigue of trapezius and erector spinae muscles bilaterally for 12 healthy male volunteers during 30 min of Indian flatbread (chapati) preparation, b) self-administered questionnaire study after 30 min preparation to determine the impact on performance...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925978/dental-environmental-noise-evaluation-and-health-risk-model-construction-to-dental-professionals
#3
Kuen Wai Ma, Hai Ming Wong, Cheuk Ming Mak
Occupational noise is unavoidably produced from dental equipment, building facilities, and human voices in the dental environment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of occupational noise exposure on the dental professionals' health condition. The psychoacoustics approach noise exposure assessment followed by the health risk assessment was carried on at the paediatric dentistry clinic and the dental laboratory in the Prince Philip Dental Hospital of Hong Kong. The A-weighted equivalent sound level, total loudness, and sharpness values were statistically significantly higher for the noise at the laboratory than that at the clinic...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904500/retrospective-study-of-factors-affecting-intrauterine-insemination-pregnancy-outcome-the-impact-of-male-habits-and-working-environment
#4
Matheswari Govindarajan, Shanmugapriya Mallikarjunan, Hajira S R Ahmed, Naveena Lakshmanan, D Silambuchelvi, M Sujatha, Vidyalakshmi Subramanian
AIMS: This study is aimed at determining the prognostic factors influencing successful pregnancy following intrauterine insemination (IUI). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2123 cycles undergone by 871 couples during the period of 5 years (2011-2015) were retrospectively studied. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Each of the factors was compared with pregnancy outcome (PO) using statistical analysis with a confidence interval of 95% in SPSS software version 19...
April 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898967/systematic-review-lost-time-injuries-in-the-us-mining-industry
#5
B Nowrouzi-Kia, B Sharma, C Dignard, Z Kerekes, J Dumond, A Li, M Larivière
Background: The mining industry is associated with high levels of accidents, injuries and illnesses. Lost-time injuries are useful measures of health and safety in mines, and the effectiveness of its safety programmes. Aims: To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the US mining workforce and to examine predictors of these occupational injuries. Methods: Primary papers on lost-time injuries in the US mining sector were identified through a literature search in eight health, geology and mining databases, using a systematic review protocol tailored to each database...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894421/impact-of-different-personal-protective-clothing-on-wildland-firefighters-physiological-strain
#6
Belén Carballo-Leyenda, José G Villa, Jorge López-Satué, Jose A Rodríguez-Marroyo
Wildfire firefighting is an extremely demanding occupation performed under hot environment. The use of personal protective clothing (PPC) is needed to protect subjects from the thermal exposure. However, the additional use of PPC may increase the wildland firefighters' physiological strain, and consequently limit their performance. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of four different PPC on the physiological strain of wildland firefighters under moderate conditions (30°C and 30% RH). Eight active and healthy wildland firefighters performed a submaximal walking test wearing a traditional short sports gear and 4 different PPC...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892936/hazards-and-health-risks-encountered-by-manual-sand-dredgers-from-udupi-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Sidhiprada Mohapatra, Alfiya Shaikh, Priyanka Nayak, Rajesh Navada
INTRODUCTION: Globalization and urbanization have resulted in an increased demand on sand dredging. Legal and environmental restrictions on automated dredging have led to a rise in manual technique. The working techniques and environment involved in manual sand dredging may expose the workers to multiple work related disorders. AIM: To determine the health risks and occupational hazards involved in manual sand dredging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An assessment schedule was developed and content was validated by five experts for the study...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887796/enabling-work-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-persons-with-occupational-injuries-and-diseases-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Alexa Jane T Blas, Kenneth Matthew B Beltran, Pauline Gail V Martinez, Daryl Patrick G Yao
Purpose This review aims to map the scope of published research on occupational therapy (OT) interventions and pertinent work and work-related outcomes for persons with occupational injuries and diseases. Methods The scoping review adapted Arksey and O'Malley's framework. Six electronic databases were searched. Ancestral search was also done on five systematic reviews. The search was conducted from September 2015 to October 2015. Interventions and outcomes were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation to plot trends...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885971/fatal-and-non-fatal-electrocution-injuries-at-u-s-marine-corps-forward-medical-facilities-during-operation-enduring-freedom-and-operation-iraqi-freedom
#9
Bradley Williams, Travis Deaton, Mike Galarneau, Judy Dye, Tara Zieber, Jonathan Auten
INTRODUCTION: Death from electrocution is rare and generally an accidental occurrence. In contrast to civilian patterns of electrocution injury, the military work environment suffers from a greater percentage of fatal high-voltage electrocutions. This study compared U.S. and international electrocution case fatality rates to rates among deployed military personnel presenting for care at expeditionary medical care facilities. We also sought to identify potential risk factors for fatal electrocution injury among deployed military personnel...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882277/the-need-for-detailed-gender-specific-occupational-safety-analysis
#10
Fernanda Cruz Rios, Wai K Chong, David Grau
INTRODUCTION: The female work in population is growing in the United States, therefore the occupational health and safety entities must start to analyze gender-specific data related to every industry, especially to nontraditional occupations. Women working in nontraditional jobs are often exposed to extreme workplace hazards. These women have their safety and health threatened because there are no adequate policies to mitigate gender-specific risks such as discrimination and harassment...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879055/working-in-cold-environment-and-risk-of-developing-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-swedish-eira-case-control-study
#11
Pingling Zeng, Camilla Bengtsson, Lars Klareskog, Lars Alfredsson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate (1) whether working in cold environment (WCE) is associated with an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (overall), anticitrullinated protein antibody (ACPA)-positive RA and ACPA-negative RA and (2) whether WCE interacts with occupational physical workload in conferring RA risk. METHODS: Data from the Swedish population-based case-control study Epidemiological Investigation of Rheumatoid Arthritis involving 3659 incident cases and 5925 controls were analysed...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865410/decreased-sensitization-to-aeroallergens-among-southwestern-iranian-male-farmers
#12
Mozhgan Moghtaderi, Mona Torab Jahromi, Shirin Farjadian, Payam Ghassemi, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi
Farmers are usually exposed to various inhaled allergens like pollens, mites, molds, and animal dander in their working environment which may lead to allergic rhinitis, asthma and urticaria. The purpose of this study was to identify sensitization to various aeroallergens in farmers and their occupational allergy symptoms. This cross sectional study included 103 male farmers and 100 non-farmer healthy controls. The work-related symptoms of farmers were recorded with a questionnaire. Spirometry and skin prick tests with 15 commercial allergen extracts were performed in both farmers and controls...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862493/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-presentations-and-discussion-of-the-sixth-jack-pepys-workshop-on-asthma-in-the-workplace
#13
Susan M Tarlo, Jean-Luc Malo, Frédéric de Blay, Nicole Le Moual, Paul Henneberger, Dick Heederik, Monika Raulf, Christopher Carlsten, André Cartier
The Sixth Jack Pepys Workshop on Asthma in the Workplace focused on six key themes regarding the recognition and assessment of work-related asthma and airway diseases: (1) cleaning agents and disinfectants (including in swimming pools) as irritants and sensitizers: how to evaluate types of bronchial reactions and reduce risks; (2) population-based studies of occupational obstructive diseases: use of databanks, advantages and pitfalls, what strategies to deal with biases and confounding?; (3) damp environments, dilapidated buildings, recycling processes, and molds, an increasing problem: mechanisms, how to assess causality and diagnosis; (4) diagnosis of occupational asthma and rhinitis: how useful are recombinant allergens (component-resolved diagnosis), metabolomics, and other new tests?; (5) how does exposure to gas, dust, and fumes enhance sensitization and asthma?; and (6) how to determine probability of occupational causality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: epidemiological and clinical, confirmation, and compensation aspects...
September 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857058/climate-conditions-workplace-heat-and-occupational-health-in-south-east-asia-in-the-context-of-climate-change
#14
Tord Kjellstrom, Bruno Lemke, Matthias Otto
Occupational health is particularly affected by high heat exposures in workplaces, which will be an increasing problem as climate change progresses. People working in jobs of moderate or heavy work intensity in hot environments are at particular risk, owing to exposure to high environmental heat and internal heat production. This heat needs to be released to protect health, and such release is difficult or impossible at high temperatures and high air humidity. A range of clinical health effects can occur, and the heat-related physical exhaustion leads to a reduction of work capacity and labour productivity, which may cause substantial economic losses...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845721/residential-environment-impact-scale-utilization-of-the-swedish-version
#15
Elise Svensson, Ida Kåhlin, Anette Kjellberg
BACKGROUND: The Residential Environment Impact Scale (REIS) is an assessment and consulting instrument designed to examine the impact of the residential environment on its residents and to develop recommendations for adapting this environment. Since REIS is new for occupational therapists in Sweden it is important to evaluate its utilization potential. AIM: The aim was to examine the utility of the Swedish version of the Residential Environment Impact Scale (REIS-S) for adults living in residential settings...
August 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843852/blood-pressure-in-indoor-and-outdoor-workers
#16
Francesco Tomei, Serafino Ricci, Grazia Giammichele, Carmina Sacco, Beatrice Loreti, Luciana Fidanza, Pasquale Ricci, Barbara Scala, Gianfranco Tomei, Maria Valeria Rosati
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study is to evaluate the changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in two occupational categories: outdoor workers (traffic policemen and environment technicians) and indoor workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted comparing the results obtained from three samples of male workers: 175 outdoor traffic policemen, 175 outdoor environment technicians and 175 indoor workers. The outdoor and indoor groups were made comparable by age, length of service, body mass index, alcohol consumption, smoking status...
July 8, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840158/utilizing-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-prediction-of-cognitive-workload-in-noisy-work-environments
#17
Ryan Gabbard, Mary Fendley, Irfaan A Dar, Rik Warren, Nasser H Kashou
Occupational noise frequently occurs in the work environment in military intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance operations. This impacts cognitive performance by acting as a stressor, potentially interfering with the analysts' decision-making process. We investigated the effects of different noise stimuli on analysts' performance and workload in anomaly detection by simulating a noisy work environment. We utilized functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to quantify oxy-hemoglobin (HbO) and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration changes in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), as well as behavioral measures, which include eye tracking, reaction time, and accuracy rate...
October 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837105/a-behaviour-monitoring-system-bms-for-ambient-assisted-living
#18
Samih Eisa, Adriano Moreira
Unusual changes in the regular daily mobility routine of an elderly person at home can be an indicator or early symptom of developing health problems. Sensor technology can be utilised to complement the traditional healthcare systems to gain a more detailed view of the daily mobility of a person at home when performing everyday tasks. We hypothesise that data collected from low-cost sensors such as presence and occupancy sensors can be analysed to provide insights on the daily mobility habits of the elderly living alone at home and to detect routine changes...
August 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832612/neck-shoulder-discomfort-due-to-visually-demanding-experimental-near-work-is-influenced-by-previous-neck-pain-task-duration-astigmatism-internal-eye-discomfort-and-accommodation
#19
Camilla Zetterberg, Mikael Forsman, Hans O Richter
Visually demanding near work can cause eye discomfort, and eye and neck/shoulder discomfort during, e.g., computer work are associated. To investigate direct effects of experimental near work on eye and neck/shoulder discomfort, 33 individuals with chronic neck pain and 33 healthy control subjects performed a visual task four times using four different trial lenses (referred to as four different viewing conditions), and they rated eye and neck/shoulder discomfort at baseline and after each task. Since symptoms of eye discomfort may differ depending on the underlying cause, two categories were used; internal eye discomfort, such as ache and strain, that may be caused by accommodative or vergence stress; and external eye discomfort, such as burning and smarting, that may be caused by dry-eye disorders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832030/did-legal-regulations-change-the-reporting-frequency-of-sharp-injuries-of-medical-personnel-study-from-36-hospitals-in-%C3%A5-%C3%A3-d%C3%A5%C2%BA-province-poland
#20
Anna Garus-Pakowska, Mariusz Górajski, Franciszek Szatko
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study has been to analyze the epidemiological data on sharp injuries among health care workers before and after the implementation of regulations related to the conduct of the register of sharp injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We hypothesized that the introduction of legislation would change the existing low reportability of sharp injuries and reporting incidents would increase. In Poland the binding regulations, dating back to 2013, require the employer to keep a record of sharp injuries...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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