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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516353/physical-hazard-safety-awareness-among-healthcare-workers-in-tanta-university-hospitals-egypt
#1
Rania M El-Sallamy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sanaa Abd El-Fatah, Asmaa El-Feky
Hospital workers are exposed to many occupational hazards that may threaten their health and safety. Physical hazards encountered in hospital working environment include temperature, illumination, noise, electrical injuries, and radiation. To assess the awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) about physical hazards in Tanta university hospitals, this cross-sectional study included 401 HCWs (physicians, nurses, technicians, and workers) from seven departments (general surgery, orthopedics, radiology, ophthalmology, kitchen, incinerator, and laundry)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516256/-skin-diseases-associated-with-environmental-factors
#2
REVIEW
Vera Mahler
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental exposures may derange the regulatory and repair mechanisms of the skin and lead to dermatological disease. OBJECTIVES: Provide an overview of non-allergic skin diseases associated with environmental factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of current scientific evidence for associations of non-allergic skin diseases with environmental exposures: irritation, chemicals, infection, UV-radiation, temperature. RESULTS: Predisposition (constitution e...
May 17, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#3
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511409/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-healthcare-managers-to-medical-waste-management-and-occupational-safety-practices-findings-from-southeast-nigeria
#4
Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Justus Ndulue Eze, Emmanuel Johnbosco Mamah, Robinson Chukwudi Onoh, Emeka Onwe Ogah, Daniel Akuma Umezurike, Rita Onyinyechi Anozie
INTRODUCTION: Awareness of appropriate waste management procedures and occupational safety measures is fundamental to achieving a safe work environment, and ensuring patient and staff safety. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the attitude of healthcare managers to medical waste management and occupational safety practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 54 hospital administrators in Ebonyi state...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490662/occupational-exposure-to-endotoxins-and-lung-cancer-risk-results-of-the-icare-study
#5
Soumaya Ben Khedher, Monica Neri, Florence Guida, Mireille Matrat, Sylvie Cenée, Marie Sanchez, Gwenn Menvielle, Florence Molinié, Danièle Luce, Isabelle Stücker
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of occupational exposure to endotoxins in lung cancer in a French population-based case-control study (ICARE (Investigation of occupational and environmental causes of respiratory cancers)). METHODS: Detailed information was collected on the occupational history and smoking habits from 2926 patients with histologically confirmed lung cancer and 3555 matched controls. We evaluated each subject's endotoxin exposure after cross referencing International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) codes (for job tasks) and Nomenclature d'Activités Françaises (NAF) codes (for activity sectors)...
May 10, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489795/effects-of-rational-emotive-behavior-coaching-on-occupational-stress-and-work-ability-among-electronics-workshop-instructors-in-nigeria
#6
Theresa C Ogbuanya, Chiedu Eseadi, Chibueze T Orji, Ifeanyi B Ohanu, Jimoh Bakare, Moses O Ede
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effectiveness of rational emotive behavior coaching (REBC) on occupational stress and work ability in a sample of electronics workshop instructors in Nigeria. METHODS: A pretest-posttest control group design was used. The participants were 108 electronics workshop instructors in technical colleges in the south-east of Nigeria who met the study inclusion criteria. Data were collected using 3 questionnaires and analyzed using a repeated measure analysis of variance and Mann-Whitney U test...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482274/native-immigrant-occupational-segregation-and-worker-health-in-the-united-states-2004-2014
#7
Wen Fan, Yue Qian
Immigrant workers are a growing share of the U.S. labor force and are overrepresented in certain occupations. This much is well documented, yet few studies have examined the consequences of this division of labor between foreign-born and native-born workers. This research focuses on one of the consequences of occupational segregation-worker health. We merge data from the 2004-2014 National Health Interview Surveys with occupational-level data from the Occupational Information Network 20.1 database and the American Community Surveys to examine the relationship between occupational segregation and health...
April 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481381/cardiovascular-risk-factors-determined-via-the-internet-in-2-periods-of-time-2004-2009-and-2010-2015-in-poland
#8
Bartosz G Trzeciak, Janusz Siebert, Piotr Gutknecht, Andrzej Molisz, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon
OBJECTIVES: Web information systems may serve as a diagnostic tool for the Internet users and they also support the epidemiological work of doctors and health care providers. As part of this study, a system has been created for detecting and calculating cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study has been the comparison of cardiovascular risk factors and calculated fatal cardiovascular risk in 2 periods of time: 2004-2009 and 2010-2015 in Poland, as determined via the Internet. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The "Ryzyko program" ("Risk program") is available on the website of the Medical University of Gdańsk...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481380/factors-for-and-against-establishing-and-working-in-private-practice-correlated-with-work-related-behavior-and-experience-patterns-of-ferman-physicians-in-schleswig-holstein-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Edgar Voltmer, Claudia Spahn, Erica Frank
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors in favor of or against establishing and working in private practice, to determine the quality of life and work-related behavior and experience patterns of German physicians working in private practice, and to analyze the correlation of those factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A representative sample of physicians in private practice in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, was surveyed according to a 2-year longitudinal design (T1 - 2008, N = 549 and T2 - 2010, N = 414)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481379/faster-health-deterioration-among-nail-technicians-occupationally-exposed-to-low-levels-of-volatile-organic-compounds
#10
Peter Grešner, Radosław Świercz, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Jolanta Gromadzińska
OBJECTIVES: The study has aimed at investigating the subjective assessment of an individual's health status and comparing the prevalence of selected work-related symptoms among nail technicians occupationally exposed to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to the one among control subjects. Associations between occupational exposure to VOCs and the incidence of adverse health effects were also analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 145 female nail technicians and 152 control subjects...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481377/effects-of-6-week-nordic-walking-training-on-body-composition-and-antioxidant-status-for-women-55-years-of-age
#11
Agata Cebula, Anna Katarzyna Tyka, Wanda Pilch, Zbigniew Szyguła, Tomasz Pałka, Katarzyna Sztafa-Cabała, Barbara Frączek, Aleksander Tyka
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of 6-week Nordic walking (NW) workout with individually customized intensity, on the body composition, and oxidative stress biomarkers for women > 55 years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen sedentary women (age 58.1±2.02 years old, body mass index (BMI) 26.74±2.72 kg/m2) worked out the NW 3 times/week over the 6-week period. Training intensity, which reflected the dominance of oxygen metabolism, was determined based on changes in physiological indicators during graded exercise on a treadmill (walking with poles)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481376/recovery-of-rescuers-from-a-24-h-shift-and-its-association-with-aerobic-fitness
#12
Katariina Lyytikäinen, Leena Toivonen, Esa Hynynen, Harri Lindholm, Heikki Kyröläinen
OBJECTIVES: Rescuers work in 24-h shifts and the demanding nature of the occupation requires adequate recovery between work shifts. The purpose of this study has been to find out what kind of changes in autonomic control may be seen during work shift and its recovery period in the case of rescuers. An additional interest has been to see if aerobic fitness is associated with recovery from work shifts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen male rescuers (aged 34±9 years old) volunteered to participate in the study...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481374/portuguese-version-of-the-swedish-occupational-fatigue-inventory-sofi-among-assembly-workers-cultural-adaptation-reliability-and-validity
#13
Joana Santos, Carlos Carvalhais, Catarina Ramos, Tiago Coelho, Pedro Ribeiro Rocha Monteiro, Mário A P Vaz
OBJECTIVES: Reliable and valid instruments are essential for understanding fatigue in occupational settings. This study analyzed the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory (SOFI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 218 workers from an automotive industry involved in assembly tasks for fabrication of mechanical cables. Convergent and discriminant validity, internal consistency reliability and confirmatory factor analysis were performed...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481372/evaluation-of-occupation-hot-exposure-in-industrial-workplaces-in-a-subtropical-country
#14
Yu-Chiao Yang, Ming-Chi Wei, Show-Jen Hong
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study has been to evaluate the occupational heat exposure of 12 workers at 5 plants in a subtropical country. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The heat stresses and strain on workers in 5 plants were assessed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 7243 index (wet bulb globe temperature - WBGT) and the ISO 7933 index (maximum allowable exposure time - D<sub>lim</sub>). RESULTS: Results indicated that 42% of the subjects (5 workers) surpassed the WBGT limits...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481371/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-perception-of-working-conditions-a-survey-of-brazilian-dentists-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#15
Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Gabriella Barreto Soares, Renato Moreira Arcieri, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders amongst dentists who work in public clinics in São Paulo, Brazil, to investigate their awareness of the presence of risk factors in the workplace, disability due to pain, and the influence of pain on this awareness and disability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 204 dentists who work in public health clinics in the northwest of São Paulo, Brazil...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481370/employment-outcomes-for-people-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Viviana R Carmona, Juana Gómez-Benito, Tania B Huedo-Medina, J Emilio Rojo
Access to employment plays a critical role in the recovery and functioning of people with schizophrenia. We have investigated the effectiveness of treatments to enhance employment outcomes for people with schizophrenia and evaluated the potential moderators of these outcomes. A literature search was conducted in CINAHL, Cochrane Databases, MEDLINE, ProQuest XML, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science. Grey literature databases, references lists of the retrieved articles and specialized journals in the field were also inspected...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477363/physical-activity-and-preterm-birth-risk-factor-or-benefit
#17
B Anthony Armson
Although risk factors and determinants of spontaneous preterm birth have been identified, effective primary and secondary prevention strategies to reduce the global incidence and neonatal consequences of prematurity remain elusive. Physically demanding work (prolonged standing, heavy lifting, physical exertion, occupational fatigue, demanding posture) during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (van Beukering MDM, et al. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2014; 87:809-34). This article is protected by copyright...
May 6, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471984/what-are-the-effects-of-psychological-stress-and-physical-work-on-blood-lipid-profiles
#18
Seyedeh Negar Assadi
Blood lipids disorders are prevalent in the world. Some of their risk factors are modifiable such as mental and physical stress which existed in some places such as work environment.Objective of this study was to determine the effects of psychological and physical stress on the lipid profiles. It was a historical cohort study. The people who were employed as general worker were participated. The study was conducted with flexible interview for getting history, lipid profile examination, and a checklist including occupational and nonoccupational risk factors and using the health issues...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470843/combination-of-biochemical-and-mechanical-cues-for-tendon-tissue-engineering
#19
Stefano Testa, Marco Costantini, Ersilia Fornetti, Sergio Bernardini, Marcella Trombetta, Dror Seliktar, Stefano Cannata, Alberto Rainer, Cesare Gargioli
Tendinopathies negatively affect the life quality of millions of people in occupational and athletic settings, as well as the general population. Tendon healing is a slow process, often with insufficient results to restore complete endurance and functionality of the tissue. Tissue engineering, using tendon progenitors, artificial matrices and bioreactors for mechanical stimulation, could be an important approach for treating rips, fraying and tissue rupture. In our work, C3H10T1/2 murine fibroblast cell line was exposed to a combination of stimuli: a biochemical stimulus provided by Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGF-β) and Ascorbic Acid (AA); a three-dimensional environment represented by PEGylated-Fibrinogen (PEG-Fibrinogen) biomimetic matrix; and a mechanical induction exploiting a custom bioreactor applying uniaxial stretching...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#20
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
April 13, 2017: Midwifery
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