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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#1
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899101/effect-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-on-job-satisfaction-exhaustion-and-sleep-disturbances-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Elisabeth Framke, Ole Henning Sørensen, Jacob Pedersen, Reiner Rugulies
BACKGROUND: We examined whether the implementation of a participatory organizational-level intervention aiming to improve the working environment with a focus on the core task at work, increased job satisfaction and reduced exhaustion and sleep disturbances among pre-school employees. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 41 intervention group pre-schools with 423 employees and 30 control group pre-schools with 241 employees. The intervention lasted 25 months and consisted of seminars, workshops, and workplace specific intervention activities that were developed by focusing on the core task at work...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894689/occupational-exposure-to-cytostatic-antineoplastic-drugs-and-cytogenetic-damage-measured-using-the-lymphocyte-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-assay-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
M Villarini, V Gianfredi, S Levorato, S Vannini, T Salvatori, M Moretti
Many studies have reported the occurrence of work-environment contamination by antineoplastic drugs (ANPD), with significant incorporation of trace amounts of these hazardous drugs in hospital personnel. Given the ability of most ANPD to actively bind DNA, thus inducing genotoxic effects, it is of pivotal importance to assess the degree of genotoxic damage (i.e., residual genotoxic risk) in occupationally exposed subjects. The lymphocyte cytokinesis-block micronucleus (L-CBMN) assay is largely used for biological effect monitoring in subjects occupationally exposed to ANPD...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891239/two-cases-of-methyl-alcohol-intoxication-by-sub-chronic-inhalation-and-dermal-exposure-during-aluminum-cnc-cutting-in-a-small-sized-subcontracted-factory
#4
Jia Ryu, Key Hwan Lim, Dong-Ryeol Ryu, Hyang Woon Lee, Ji Young Yun, Seoung-Wook Kim, Ji-Hoon Kim, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyunjoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Methyl alcohol poisoning has been mainly reported in community. Two cases of methyl alcohol poisoning occurred in a small-sized subcontracted factory which manufactured smartphone parts in Korea. CASE PRESENTATION: One young female patient presented with dyspnea and visual disturbance. Another young male patient presented with visual disturbance and myalgia. They treated with sodium bicarbonate infusion and hemodialysis for metabolic acidosis. In addition, he received ethyl alcohol per oral treatment...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891170/prevalence-and-predictors-of-musculoskeletal-pain-among-danish-fishermen-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Helle Østergaard, Jørgen Riis Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Fishermen work in a physically challenging work environment. The aim of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of musculoskeletal pain among Danish fishermen. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Danish fishermen was done with application of the Nordic questionnaire regarding musculoskeletal pain considering lower back, shoulders, hand neck, knee, upper back elbow, hip and feet. In total, 270 fishermen participated in the study (response rate: 28%)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880833/prioritizing-risk-in-preparation-for-a-demonstration-project-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-among-female-sex-workers-in-south-india
#6
Sushena Reza-Paul, Lisa Lazarus, Monika Doshi, Syed Hafeez Ur Rahman, Manjula Ramaiah, Raviprakash Maiya, Venugopal Ms, K T Venukumar, Sundar Sundararaman, Marissa Becker, Stephen Moses, Robert Lorway
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) in India remains well above the national average. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a new HIV prevention technology, may help to reduce HIV incidence, but there is a dearth of research that can inform the potential scale-up of PrEP in India. In partnership with Ashodaya Samithi, a local sex worker collective, we conducted a feasibility study to assess acceptance of a planned PrEP demonstration project, willingness to use PrEP, and recommendations for project roll-out among FSWs in southern Karnataka...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869250/preliminary-analyses-of-psychometric-characteristics-of-the-polish-version-of-the-obsessive-compulsive-inventory-revised-oci-r-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#7
Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Krystyna Golonka, Magda Gawłowska
OBJECTIVES: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety-spectrum disorder that affects 1-2% of the adult population. People with OCD are more likely to report impaired social and occupational functioning. Although effective treatments of the OCD exist, many sufferers from this disorder are continuously misdiagnosed. Therefore, improving the assessment of the OCD remains an important area of scientific research. The main goal of the study is the initial verification of psychometric properties in the Polish version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) in a college student sample...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869249/a-case-crossover-study-of-sleep-fatigue-and-other-transient-exposures-at-workplace-and-the-risk-of-non-fatal-occupational-injuries-among-the-employees-of-an-italian-academic-hospital
#8
Francesca Valent, Marika Mariuz, Giulia Liva, Fabrizio Bellomo, Daniela De Corti, Stefania Degan, Alberto Ferrazzano, Silvio Brusaferro
OBJECTIVES: Transient exposure with acute effect has been shown to affect the risk of occupational injuries in various industrial settings and at the healthcare workplace. The objective of this study has been to identify transient exposures related to occupational injury risk in an Italian teaching hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-crossover study was conducted among the employees of the University Hospital of Udine who reported an occupational injury, commuting accident, or incident involving biological risk in a 15-month period in the years 2013 and 2014...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869247/effort-reward-imbalance-overcommitment-and-their-associations-with-all-cause-and-mental-disorder-long-term-sick-leave-a-case-control-study-of-the-swedish-working-population
#9
Ulrik Lidwall
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and overcommitment (OC) are associated with all-cause and mental disorder long-term sick leave (LS), and to identify differences in associations between genders, private versus public sector employees and socioeconomic status groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study uses a cross-sectional case-control design with a sample of 3477 persons on long-term sick leave of more than 59 days and a control group of 2078 in employment...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869245/predictors-of-early-return-to-work-after-a-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-cabg
#10
Ramin Mehrdad, Noroja Ghadiri Asli, Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, Maryam Saraei, Firoozeh Salimi, Mostafa Nejatian
OBJECTIVES: Identifying factors predictive of early return to work in patients who underwent a coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-six working patients who volunteered and underwent a primary coronary artery bypass surgery between September 2013 and May 2014 were selected for the study and followed up for 6 months. Predictors of early return to work (RTW) (within 2 months) were analyzed from variables in a prospectively collected database and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire carried out in the hospital and rehabilitation center as well as from the follow-up performed via the phone...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869243/personal-risk-factors-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-female-visual-display-unit-workers
#11
Matteo Riccò, Silvia Cattani, Carlo Signorelli
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome, which since the beginning of the seventies has been linked to the keyboard and visual display unit (VDU). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and personal factors associated with CTS in female VDU workers in Italy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants in this study were female adult subjects, working ≥ 20 h/week (N = 631, mean age 38.14±7.81 years, mean working age 12...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869241/new-market-labor-and-obesity-a-nation-wide-italian-cross-sectional-study
#12
Pamela Barbadoro, Elisa Ponzio, Carlos Juan Chiatti, Francesco Di Stanislao, Marcello Mario D'Errico, Emilia Prospero
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of obesity among different types of employment status in the Italian working population, and to examine associated risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 36 814 people that declared to have been occupied with the same type of contract for at least 5 years was analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression models were built considering workers' sex, age, education, family body mass index (BMI) category, leisure time and occupational physical activity, weight control habits, smoking habit, use of drugs, number of working hours per week, and type of working contract...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869240/relationship-between-occupational-stress-and-cardiovascular-diseases-risk-factors-in-drivers
#13
Hamed Biglari, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi, Maryam Salehi, Mohsen Poursadeghiyan, Iman Ahmadnezhad, Milad Abbasi
OBJECTIVES: Of all work stressors, occupational stress is the leading cause of many disorders among workers. Drivers are classified as a high risk group for work related stress. This study set out to determine the relationship between risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and occupational stress among drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred and twenty two Ilam's intercity drivers were selected for the study. For measuring work stress, the Osipow work stress questionnaire was used...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869239/polish-mother-and-child-cohort-study-repro_pl-methodology-of-the-follow-up-of-the-children-at-the-age-of-7
#14
REVIEW
Kinga Polańska, Wojciech Hanke, Anna Król, Adrianna Potocka, Małgorzata Waszkowska, Aleksandra Jacukowicz, Jolanta Gromadzińska, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Joanna Jerzyńska, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Iwona Stelmach
Effects of environmental exposures in utero and in the first years of life on early life health and development is a growing research area with major public health implications. The main aim of this work has been to provide an overview of the next step of the Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study (REPRO_PL) covering exposure, health and neurodevelopment assessments of children at 7 years of age. Details regarding methodology of the follow-up of the children are crucial for cross-cohort collaboration and a full understanding of the future research questions...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860378/workplace-health-in-dental-care-a-salutogenic-approach
#15
U Lindmark, P Wagman, C Wåhlin, B Rolander
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to explore self-reported psychosocial health and work environments among different dental occupations and workplaces from a salutogenic perspective. A further purpose was to analyse possible associations between three salutogenic measurements: The Sense of Coherence questionnaire (SOC), the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) and the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS). METHODS: Employees in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish county council (n = 486) were invited to respond to a self-reported web survey including demographics, work-related factors, the SOC, the SHIS and the WEMS...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854179/health-applications-for-corporate-health-management
#16
Guido Steigner, Charles R Doarn, Michael Schütte, David Matusiewicz, Christian Thielscher
INTRODUCTION: Many corporate organizations around the world are looking at new ways to improve the health and well-being of their employees. Many have begun to use m-health approaches and unique applications (apps) to provide assistance. In Germany, both m-health and occupational health management (OHM) are growing quickly. Therefore, we hypothesized that the combination-apps usage in OHM-is growing as well. We studied the usage of health apps in large corporations for health management of employed individuals...
November 17, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853150/changing-work-stressors-and-coping-resources-influence-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-incidence-in-a-large-ohspiw-cohort
#17
Y Lian, C Qi, N Tao, R Han, Y Jiang, S Guan, H Ge, L Ning, J Xiao, J Liu
Psychosocial work environments may adversely influence blood pressure, but the benefits of altering these factors and introducing coping resources is unclear. We examined whether changing work stressors and coping resources affect the risk of hypertension and elevated BP. A total of 13,145 workers from the Occupational Health Study of Petroleum Industry Workers were included in this study. A baseline evaluation of work-related stress and coping resources was followed up in all participants after 12 years. The changes in task stressors and coping resources were measured using the Occupation Stress Inventory-Revised Edition, and changes in job control and organizational stressors were evaluated using the Instrument for Stress-Related Job Analysis (v...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837444/return-to-work-among-self-employed-cancer-survivors
#18
Steffen Torp, Jonn Syse, Alain Paraponaris, Sævar Gudbergsson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate whether salaried and self-employed workers differ regarding factors relevant for return to work after being diagnosed with cancer. The possible mediators of an effect of self-employment on work ability were also investigated. METHODS: A total of 1115 cancer survivors (1027 salaried and 88 self-employed) of common invasive cancer types who were in work at the time of diagnosis completed a mailed questionnaire 15-39 months after diagnosis...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831598/prison-nursing-and-its-training
#19
M Sánchez-Roig, A Coll-Cámara
The main task of nurses is to take care of sick and healthy people and evaluate changes in their health conditions. The goal is to take the appropriate measures to help their recovery or guarantee a dignified death, and if possible, help them regain autonomy and independence. Nursing is present in different areas: primary health, mental health, accident and emergencies, intensive and coronary care, surgical care, paediatrics, geriatrics, public health, occupational health, teaching, etc. In our case, prison nursing, one of the least known branches of the profession, we wanted to investigate more deeply the work of nurses in prisons, which aspect of health care they are responsible for and to what type of population they are geared towards, as well as the necessary training to be able to work in such a particular environment...
December 2016: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830962/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-long-term-sickness-absence-based-on-occupational-health-survey-variables
#20
Corné Roelen, Sannie Thorsen, Martijn Heymans, Jos Twisk, Ute Bültmann, Jakob Bjørner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a prediction model for identifying employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA), by using variables commonly measured in occupational health surveys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the literature, 15 predictor variables were retrieved from the DAnish National working Environment Survey (DANES) and included in a model predicting incident LTSA (≥4 consecutive weeks) during 1-year follow-up in a sample of 4000 DANES participants...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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