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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351632/presenteeism-in-academic-employees-occupational-and-individual-factors
#1
G Kinman, S Wray
Background: There is growing evidence that presenteeism can be damaging for individuals and organizations. It is, therefore, important to identify the prevalence of working while sick in different working environments and the factors that contribute to such behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of self-reported presenteeism in academic staff working in UK universities and colleges and the extent to which job demands, control, support and work engagement are risk factors...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346001/strategies-and-challenges-in-preventing-violence-against-canadian-indoor-sex-workers
#2
Vicky Bungay, Adrian Guta
OBJECTIVES: To examine indoor sex workers' strategies in preventing workplace violence and influential socio-structural conditions. METHODS: Data included qualitative interviews with 85 sex workers in British Columbia, Canada, from 2014 through 2016. For analyses, we used interpretive thematic techniques informed by World Health Organization position statements on violence. RESULTS: Robbery, nonpayment, financial exploitation, and privacy violations were frequent types of violence perpetrated by clients, landlords, and neighbors...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#3
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342235/estimation-of-lead-exposure-prevalence-in-korean-population-through-combining-multiple-experts-judgment-based-on-objective-data-sources
#4
Dong-Hee Koh, Ju-Hyun Park, Sang-Gil Lee, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Sangjun Choi, Hyejung Jung, Jae-Oh Park, Dong-Uk Park
Objective: Estimating carcinogen exposure prevalence is important for preventing occupational cancers. To develop the Korean version of CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX), a carcinogen surveillance system used in many countries, we estimated lead exposure prevalence in the Korean working population. Methods: We used three Korean nationwide data sources to obtain objective database-derived prevalences of lead exposure across industries: airborne lead measurement data from the work environment measurement database (WEMD), blood lead measurement data from the special health examination database (SHED), and lead exposure prevalence computed using data from the work environment condition survey (WECS), which is a nationwide occupational exposure survey...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336812/enhancing-surgical-performance-by-adopting-expert-musicians-practice-and-performance-strategies
#5
Mei Rui, Jeffrey E Lee, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: Surgery is a performing art-each surgical procedure is a live performance that has immediate and irreversible consequences for both the performer and the audience. Surgeons operate with surgical instruments, whereas musicians perform with musical instruments. Both perform in high-stress, high-risk work environments, where small errors in motor performance or judgment can have immediate negative consequences. While there is abundant literature on musical performance and their impact on outcome, little similar research has been published in the field of surgery...
January 11, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334790/cognitive-work-hardening-for-return-to-work-following-depression-an-intervention-study-le-r%C3%A3-entra%C3%A3-nement-cognitif-au-travail-pour-favoriser-le-retour-au-travail-%C3%A3-la-suite-d-une-d%C3%A3-pression-%C3%A3-tude-d-intervention
#6
Adeena Wisenthal, Terry Krupa, Bonnie H Kirsh, Rosemary Lysaght
BACKGROUND: Work absences due to depression are prevalent; however, few interventions exist to address the return-to-work challenges following a depressive episode. PURPOSE: This mixed-methods study aimed to (a) evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive work hardening in preparing people with depression to return to work and (b) identify key elements of the intervention. METHOD: A single group ( n = 21) pretest-posttest study design was used incorporating self-report measures (Work Ability Index, Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue, Beck Depression Inventory II) with interviews at intervention completion and at 3-month follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331833/potential-factors-that-impact-the-radon-level-and-the-prediction-of-ambient-dose-equivalent-rates-of-indoor-microenvironments
#7
Mohamed Yasreen Mohamed Ali, Marlia M Hanafiah, Md Firoz Khan
This study aimed to measure the equilibrium equivalent radon (EECRn) concentration in an old building (Building-1) and a new building (Building-2) with mechanical ventilation and a natural ventilation system, respectively. Both buildings were located at the campus of University Kebangsaan Malaysia. The concentration of indoor radon was measured at 25 sampling stations using a radon detector model DOSEman PRO. The sampling was conducted for 8 h to represent daily working hours. A correlation of the radon concentration was made with the annual inhalation dose of the occupants at the indoor stations...
January 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327603/a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-patient-centered-goal-setting-practices-of-allied-health-clinicians-working-in-rehabilitation
#8
Lisa J Cameron, Lisa M Somerville, Catherine E Naismith, Dina Watterson, Valentina Maric, Natasha A Lannin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways clinicians engage rehabilitation patients in patient-centered goal setting and identify factors influencing the goal-setting process. DESIGN: Ethnographic study utilizing observed practice-thematic analysis. SETTING: Four rehabilitation wards of a large metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. SUBJECTS: Participants included 17 rehabilitation patients, 18 allied health clinicians and one family member...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319008/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-noise-exposed-workers-in-china-small-area-study
#9
Xiaoyuan Wu, Daya Yang, Wendong Fan, Chunyue Fan, Guifu Wu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether there are changes in cardiovascular risk factors among noise-exposed workers and to explore the possible mechanisms of a long-term noise exposure leading to cardiovascular disease and the sex differences of cardiovascular risk factors in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred workers engaged in noise-related work, and a control group of 200 nonnoise-exposed workers hospitalized for occupational health examination were assigned into the study...
November 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316758/-evaluation-of-the-standard-application-of-delphi-in-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-caused-by-occupational-irritant-chemicals
#10
L Zhao, Y J Yan
Objective: To investigate the problems encountered in the application of the standard (hereinafter referred to as standard) for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease caused by occu-pational irritant chemicals, to provide reference for the revision of the new standard, to reduce the number of missed patients in occupational COPD, and to get rid of the working environment of those who suffer from chronic respiratory diseases due to long-term exposure to poisons., slowing the progression of the disease...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311439/psychosocial-work-environment-and-oxidative-stress-among-nurses
#11
Eman A Salem, Sabah M Ebrahem
BackgroundWork stress among nurses has increased in recent years due to the demands of clinical nursingObjectives:To investigate psychosocial work stress among nurses using the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model with assessment malondialdehyde (MDA) as an oxidative stress marker and total antioxidants.MethodsThe present study was conducted on 204 registered nurses worked at two tertiary hospitals in Menoufia governorate, Egypt through the period from the 1st of February to the end of July 2016. Two questionnaires were applied including general demographic and occupational histories as well as effort-reward questionnaire...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306835/a-versatile-generator-of-nanoparticle-aerosols-a-novel-tool-in-environmental-and-occupational-exposure-assessment
#12
Alberto Clemente, M Pilar Lobera, Francisco Balas, Jesus Santamaria
The increasing presence of nanotechnology on the market entails a growing probability of finding ENMs in the environment. Nanoparticles aerosols are a yet unknown risk for human and environmental exposure that may normally occur at any point during the nanomaterial lifecycle. There is a research gap in standardized methods to assess the exposure to airborne nanoparticles in different environments. The controllable generation of nanoparticle aerosols has long been a challenging objective for researchers and industries dealing with airborne nanoparticles...
January 4, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304043/the-spectrosome-of-occupational-health-problems
#13
Delphine Bosson-Rieutort, Régis de Gaudemaris, Dominique J Bicout
Given the increased prevalence of cancer, respiratory diseases, and reproductive disorders, for which multifactorial origins are strongly suspected, the impact of the environment on the population represents a substantial public health challenge. Surveillance systems have become an essential public health decision-making tool. Networks have been constructed to facilitate the development of analyses of the multifactorial aspects of the relationships between occupational contexts and health. The aim of this study is to develop and present an approach for the optimal exploitation of observational databases to describe and improve the understanding of the (occupational) environment-health relationships, taking into account key multifactorial aspects...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301678/expansion-of-effective-wet-bulb-globe-temperature-for-vapor-impermeable-protective-clothing
#14
Tomonori Sakoi, Tohru Mochida, Yoshihito Kurazumi, Shin-Ichi Sawada, Yosuke Horiba, Kohei Kuwabara
The wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) is an effective measure for risk screening to prevent heat dISOrders. However, a heat risk evaluation by WBGT requires adjustments depending on the clothing. In this study, we proposed a new effective WBGT (WBGTeff*) for general vapor permeable clothing ensembles and vapor impermeable protective clothing that is applicable to occupants engaged in moderate intensity work with a metabolic heat production value of around 174W/m2. WBGTeff* enables the conversion of heat stress into the scale experienced by the occupant dressed in the basic clothing ensemble (work clothes) based on the heat balances for a human body...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301492/effect-of-grm7-polymorphisms-on-the-development-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-chinese-han-workers-a-nested-case-control-study
#15
Peipei Yu, Jie Jiao, Guoshun Chen, Wenhui Zhou, Huanling Zhang, Hui Wu, Yanhong Li, Guizhen Gu, Yuxin Zheng, Yue Yu, Shanfa Yu
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a complex, irreversible disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. In recent years, a great many studies have been done to explore the NIHL susceptibility genes among humans. So far, high powerful detections have been founded that genes of potassium ion channel genes (KCNQ4 and KCNE1), catalase (CAT), protocadherin 15 (PCDH15), myosin 14 (MYH14) and heart shock protein (HSP70) which have been identified in more than one population may be associated with the susceptibility to NIHL...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300818/improving-the-unc-passive-aerosol-sampler-model-based-on-comparison-with-commonly-used-aerosol-sampling-methods
#16
Mariam Shirdel, Britt M Andersson, Ingvar A Bergdahl, Johan N Sommar, Håkan Wingfors, Ingrid E Liljelind
Objectives: In an occupational environment, passive sampling could be an alternative to active sampling with pumps for sampling of dust. One passive sampler is the University of North Carolina passive aerosol sampler (UNC sampler). It is often analysed by microscopic imaging. Promising results have been shown for particles above 2.5 µm, but indicate large underestimations for PM2.5. The aim of this study was to evaluate, and possibly improve, the UNC sampler for stationary sampling in a working environment...
December 28, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300328/the-human-exposure-potential-from-propylene-releases-to-the-environment
#17
REVIEW
David A Morgott
A detailed literature search was performed to assess the sources, magnitudes and extent of human inhalation exposure to propylene. Exposure evaluations were performed at both the community and occupational levels for those living or working in different environments. The results revealed a multitude of pyrogenic, biogenic and anthropogenic emission sources. Pyrogenic sources, including biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion, appear to be the primary contributors to atmospheric propylene. Despite a very short atmospheric lifetime, measurable levels could be detected in highly remote locations as a result of biogenic release...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300098/effectiveness-and-application-of-an-online-leadership-intervention-to-promote-mental-health-and-reduce-depression-related-stigma-in-organizations
#18
Clare Shann, Angela Martin, Andrea Chester, Scott Ruddock
Addressing the stigma of mental illness and its effect in the workplace is a contemporary issue in occupational health. The role of leaders is a vital but relatively unexplored dimension of this phenomenon. This study examined the effectiveness and application of an online intervention to reduce depression-related stigma in organizational leaders. A randomized controlled, "in the field" study was conducted with 196 leaders. Participants completed an online survey and were randomly assigned to either the experimental or wait-list control group...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298386/diversity-of-dna-and-rna-viruses-in-indoor-air-as-assessed-via-metagenomic-sequencing
#19
Karyna Rosario, Noah Fierer, Shelly Lynn Miller, Julia Luongo, Mya Breitbart
Diverse bacterial and fungal communities inhabit human-occupied buildings and circulate in indoor air; however, viral diversity in these man-made environments remains largely unknown. Here we investigated DNA and RNA viruses circulating in the air of twelve university dormitory rooms by analyzing dust accumulated over a one-year period on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) filters. A high-throughput metagenomic sequencing approach was used to determine the identity and diversity of viral particles extracted from the HVAC filters...
January 3, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290454/-teacher-sick-leave-prevalence-duration-reasons-and-covariates
#20
M-N Vercambre-Jacquot, F Gilbert, N Billaudeau
BACKGROUND: Absences from work have considerable social and economic impact. In the education sector, the phenomenon is particularly worrying since teacher sick leave has an impact on the overall performance of the education system. Yet, available data are scarce. METHODS: In April-June 2013, 2653 teachers responded to a population-based postal survey on their quality of life (enquête Qualité de vie des enseignants, MGEN Foundation/Ministry of education, response rate 53 %)...
December 28, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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