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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769459/the-framework-of-clinical-occupational-medicine-to-provide-new-insight-for-workaholism
#1
Quentin Durand-Moreau, Clarisse LE Deun, Brice Lodde, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
There is no single agreed definition of workaholism. Most interventions proposed for people suffering from workaholism target individuals. There is a paucity of descriptions of workplace risk factors. Our study examines case reports of patients suffering from workaholism with a focus on the role of the workplace. We describe case reports from patients of the Occupational Disease Centre in Brest, France between 2013 and 2016. Consultations were conducted within the framework of clinical occupational medicine with a focus on real work situations...
May 17, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768595/-obstacles-to-return-to-work-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-questionnaire-to-the-brazilian-context
#2
Daniela Milani, Ana Claudia de Souza, Marcio Sussumu Hirayama, Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre
The few existing questionnaires addressing return to work in Brazil are medical and/or psychological and do not examine work environment-related issues. The Obstacles to Return-to-Work Questionnaire (ORTWQ) is multidimensional, including biopsychosocial and environmental factors, and has proven useful in the return to work issue. The scope of this study is to describe the translation and cultural adaptation process of ORTWQ for use in the Brazilian context. It also discusses aspects related to work and the importance for health professionals to identify obstacles to return to work for occupational health vigilance...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766630/violence-committed-against-nursing-staff-by-patients-in-psychiatric-outpatient-settings
#3
REVIEW
Jenni Konttila, Hanna-Mari Pesonen, Helvi Kyngäs
Violence against nurses has increased particularly in psychiatric outpatient settings as psychiatric care shifts from being inpatient-based to being outpatient-based. Violence is a complex phenomenon that must be explored in different psychiatric nursing environments and settings. Violence in psychiatric outpatient settings should especially be explored as violence in this context has scarcely been examined. The aim of this systematic review was to elucidate violence committed against nursing staff by patients in adult psychiatric outpatient settings, based on reports from previous studies...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760066/socioeconomic-status-moderates-age-related-differences-in-the-brain-s-functional-network-organization-and-anatomy-across-the-adult-lifespan
#4
Micaela Y Chan, Jinkyung Na, Phillip F Agres, Neil K Savalia, Denise C Park, Gagan S Wig
An individual's environmental surroundings interact with the development and maturation of their brain. An important aspect of an individual's environment is his or her socioeconomic status (SES), which estimates access to material resources and social prestige. Previous characterizations of the relation between SES and the brain have primarily focused on earlier or later epochs of the lifespan (i.e., childhood, older age). We broaden this work to examine the relationship between SES and the brain across a wide range of human adulthood (20-89 years), including individuals from the less studied middle-age range...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751832/memory-and-potential-correlates-among-children-in-jordan
#5
Fidaa Almomani, Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Murad O Al-Momani, Mazin Alqhazo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive functioning hugely affects the performance of tasks of different complexity. Memory, one of the most important cognitive skills, allows children to practice and acquire necessary skills and knowledge and interact with the surrounding environment. Therefore, it is crucial to study the factors that influence the memory of children. The main purpose of his study was to investigate different variables related to memory in school aged children (5-9 years, N = 434)...
May 11, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751622/dietary-differences-in-male-workers-among-smaller-occupational-groups-within-large-occupational-categories-findings-from-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs
#6
Rie Tanaka, Mayumi Tsuji, Ayako Senju, Koichi Kusuhara, Toshihiro Kawamoto
Studies examining workers' diet according to smaller occupational groups within "large occupational categories" are sparse. The aim of this study was to examine the potential differences in workers' diets based on the classification of workers into smaller occupational groups that comprise "large occupational categories". The subjects of this study were working fathers who had participated in the Japan Environment and Children's Study (N = 38,656). Energy and nutrient intake were calculated based on data collected from the Food Frequency Questionnaire...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746723/postincident-support-for-healthcare-workers-experiencing-occupational-violence-and-aggression
#7
Tracey Shea, Brian Cooper, Helen De Cieri, Cathy Sheehan, Ross Donohue, Sarah Lindsay
PURPOSE: To investigate the relative contributions of workplace type, occupational violence and aggression (OVA) strategies and interventions along with perceptions of the occupational health and safety (OHS) environment on the likelihood of receiving postincident support following the experience of OVA. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional study design with an online survey to collect data from employees in nursing and midwifery in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Survey data collected from 3,072 members of the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (Victorian branch) were analyzed using logistic regression...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743783/dental-technicians-pneumoconiosis-illness-behind-a-healthy-smile-case-series-of-a-reference-center-in-turkey
#8
Nur Şafak Alici, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demıral, Arif Çimrin
Background: Dental laboratories include many hazards and risks. Dental technicians working in an unfavorable work environment in Turkey and other parts of the world may develop pneumoconiosis as a result of exposure to dust, depending on exposure time. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical and laboratory findings of dental technicians. Materials and Methods: The study consists of a case series. Between 2013 and 2016, a total of 70 who were working as a dental technician and referred to our clinic with suspicion of occupational disease were evaluated...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739358/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-to-improve-the-wellbeing-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-study-protocol-for-care-of-people-with-dementia-in-their-environments-cope-in-the-australian-context
#9
Lindy Clemson, Kate Laver, Yun-Hee Jeon, Tracy A Comans, Justin Scanlan, Miia Rahja, Jennifer Culph, Lee-Fay Low, Sally Day, Monica Cations, Maria Crotty, Susan Kurrle, Catherine Piersol, Laura N Gitlin
BACKGROUND: There are effective non-pharmacological treatment programs that reduce functional disability and changed behaviours in people with dementia. However, these programs (such as the Care of People with dementia in their Environments (COPE) program) are not widely available. The primary aim of this study is to determine the strategies and processes that enable the COPE program to be implemented into existing dementia care services in Australia. METHODS: This study uses a mixed methods approach to test an implementation strategy...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733036/a-systematic-review-of-lost-time-injuries-in-the-global-mining-industry
#10
Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Basem Gohar, Jennifer Casole, Carla Chidu, Jennifer Dumond, Alicia McDougall, Behnam Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Mining is a hazardous occupation with elevated rates of lost-time injury and disability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the mining workforce, regardless of the kind of mining and 2) To examine the antecedent factors to the occupational injury (lost-time injuries). METHODS: We identified and extracted primary papers related to lost-time injuries in the mining sector by conducting a systematic search of the electronic literature in the eight health and related databases...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730746/association-of-parkinson-s-disease-with-industry-sectors-a-french-nationwide-incidence-study
#11
Tim Vlaar, Sofiane Kab, Yannick Schwaab, Nadine Fréry, Alexis Elbaz, Frédéric Moisan
In order to identify working environments at risk for Parkinson's disease (PD), we investigated the relation between the importance of industry sectors, used as a surrogate for occupational exposures, and PD incidence in French cantons. The number of incident PD cases (2010-2014) in 3689 cantons of metropolitan France was determined using drug claims from French National Health Insurance databases. The proportions of workers in 38 industry sectors in 2006 were calculated for each canton. Associations between the proportions of workers in industry sectors and PD age/sex-standardized incidence ratios were examined using incidence rate ratios (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) estimated with multilevel negative binomial regressions with a random intercept at the canton-level and adjusted for smoking, deprivation index, and density of neurologists...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724736/-treading-water-but-drowning-slowly-what-are-gps-experiences-of-living-and-working-with-mental-illness-and-distress-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Anna K Taylor, Gail A Thornton, Marta Buszewicz
OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an in-depth account of general practitioners' (GPs) experiences of living and working with mental illness and distress, as part of a wider study reporting the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burn-out, and sources of stress/distress for GP participants. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724330/-occupational-burnout-a-reality-for-caregivers
#13
Philippe Gaurier
Occupational burnout corresponds to a state of thymic frailty linked to the work environment. It concerns all types of occupations but was initially associated with the caring professions (social, medical, etc.). Burnout is particularly prevalent in the geriatric sector where the caregiver's personal investment and confrontation with death are considerable.
May 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723014/psychosocial-approaches-to-improving-the-military-to-civilian-transition-process
#14
Nathan D Ainspan, Walter Penk, Lisa K Kearney
This special issue of Psychological Services provides a glimpse of some of the most recent work in the arena of psychosocial interventions for military service members who are reintegrating into civilian society and becoming veterans. The psychological effects that can occur as members go through the military-to-civilian transition as they leave the military have been extensively recorded and treated. While psychosocial interventions have been utilized throughout history, we are seeing a new interest and recent renaissance in their use...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720390/inequities-in-exposure-to-occupational-risk-factors-between-m%C3%A4-ori-and-non-m%C3%A4-ori-workers-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#15
Hayley J Denison, Amanda Eng, Lucy A Barnes, Soo Cheng, Andrea 't Mannetje, Katharine Haddock, Jeroen Douwes, Neil Pearce, Lis Ellison-Loschmann
BACKGROUND: Health inequities between indigenous and non-indigenous people are well documented. However, the contribution of differential exposure to risk factors in the occupational environment remains unclear. This study assessed differences in the prevalence of self-reported exposure to disease risk factors, including dust and chemicals, physical factors and organisational factors, between Māori and non-Māori workers in New Zealand. METHODS: Potential participants were sampled from the New Zealand electoral rolls and invited to take part in a telephone interview, which included questions about current workplace exposures...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719847/characteristics-of-occupational-injuries-in-a-pharmaceutical-company-in-iran
#16
Abbas Rasouli, Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini, Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Ramin Ravangard
Objective: To prioritize occupational hazards in a Pharmaceutical Company in Iran using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a Pharmaceutical Company in Iran in 2017. All employees working in the administrative, production, installations and facilities, and laboratory units were studied using the consensus method (N=n=130 employees). A data collection form was designed for identifying the hazards using the Nominal Group Technique (NGT) method, as well as a pair-wise questionnaire was used for collecting required data in the quantitative phase...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708861/occupational-exposures-of-flour-dust-and-airborne-chemicals-at-bakeries-in-taiwan
#17
Pei-Ting Chang, Po-Chen Hung, Shih-Wei Tsai
Walk-through surveys were carried out for bakeries in this study to determine the environmental characteristics of bakeries in Taiwan. Questionnaires were administrated to discover whether job-related asthma-like symptoms occurred among workers. Air sampling and analysis were also performed. The results show that the levels of inhalable flour dust ranged from 0.01 to 0.83 mg m-3 with an average of 0.27 mg m-3 . Among the samples collected, 23% of them had concentrations higher than the ACGIH TLV-TWA (0.5 mg m-3 ), which indicated that inhalable flour dust was an important air pollutant for bakery workers in Taiwan...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707574/analysis-of-managing-safety-in-small-enterprises-dual-effects-of-employee-prosocial-safety-behavior-and-government-inspection
#18
Qiwei Wang, Qiang Mei, Suxia Liu, Jingjing Zhang
This paper aims to promote a national and international occupational health and safety (OHS) intervention for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) within internal and external resources. Based on the characteristics of small SME management, the work environment and occupational health may be positively affected by the dual-effects of employees and government. Evolutionary game theory is utilized to identify relevant interactions among the government, small enterprises, and employees. Furthermore, dynamic simulations of the evolutionary game model are used to explore stability strategies and to identify modes of equilibrium...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704211/-occupational-skin-cancer-prevention-and-recommendations-for-uv-protection-as-part-of-the-treatment-approved-by-the-public-statutory-employers-liability-insurance
#19
REVIEW
M Rocholl, M Ludewig, C Skudlik, A Wilke
In Germany, approximately 2 to 3 million employees work in outdoor professions. They are exceptionally exposed to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation for a large part of their daily working time. Cumulative UV exposure is associated with a significantly increased risk of skin cancer for outdoor workers from various occupational groups (e. g. landscape and horticulture, agriculture and forestry, fisheries and seafaring, construction and trade, as well as sports teachers, lifeguards and mountain guides). Since 1 January 2015, squamous cell carcinoma and multiple actinic keratosis due to natural UV radiation can be recognised as occupational disease No...
April 27, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699017/-influencing-factors-for-reproductive-health-of-female-workers-in-petrochemical-industry
#20
Z X Kou, S L Wang, Z L Chen, Y H He, W L Yu, L Y Mei, H D Zhang
Objective: To investigate the reproductive health status of female workers in petrochemical industry, and to provide a reference for improving reproductive health status and developing preventive and control measures for female workers in petrochemical industry. Methods: A face-to-face questionnaire survey was performed from January to October, 2016. The Questionnaire on Women's Reproductive Health was used to investigate the reproductive health of female workers in petrochemical industry. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the influencing factors for reproductive health of female workers in petrochemical industry...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
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