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Rigid bronchoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681699/bronchoscopic-airway-foreign-body-extraction-without-using-optical-forceps
#1
Shalini Hegde, Umesh Bahadur, Ravi Prakash Kanojia, Monika Bawa, Ram Samujh
Aim: Airway foreign body (FB) is a very common pediatric surgical emergency. On certain difficult occasions, the extraction of FB with optical forceps (OFs) is difficult. These conditions create a life-threatening scenario. We present some of the alternative methods of FB extraction for these situations. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective case review of patients presenting to pediatric emergency with airway FB. All patients had a chest X-ray done before the procedure...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660267/recovery-process-and-determinants-of-adverse-event-occurrence-in-bronchoscopic-procedures-performed-under-general-anesthesia
#2
Derya Özden Omaygenç, Nermin Ünal, Saadet İpek Edipoğlu, Tuğçe Barca Şeker, Mehmet Akif Özgül, Demet Turan, Cengiz Özdemir, İbrahim Oğuz Karaca, Erdoğan Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Regarding the fact that rigid bronchoscopy is generally performed under general anesthesia and this patient subgroup is remarkably morbid, encountering procedure and/or anesthesia related complications are highly likely. Here, we aimed to assess factors influencing recovery and detect possible determinants of adverse event occurence during these operations performed in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: 81 consecutive ASA I-IV patients were recruited for this investigation...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660253/airway-stenting-for-patients-with-airway-stenosis-due-to-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Masahide Oki, Hideo Saka
BACKGROUND: Airway stenting has been reported to be useful for patients with malignant airway stenosis as a bridge to tumor-specific therapy, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, as well as palliative therapy. However, its role in patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), the most aggressive lung cancer subtype, is unclear. We investigated the efficacy of airway stenting for patients with airway stenosis resulting from SCLC. METHODS: All stenting procedures were performed using both rigid and flexible bronchoscopes under general anesthesia...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659423/safety-and-efficacy-of-oki-stenting-used-to-treat-obstructions-in-the-right-mainstem-bronchus
#4
Levent Dalar, Yasin Abul
BACKGROUND: Silicone stenting has been used to palliatively manage respiratory symptoms in patients with airway stenoses. Oki and Saka recently developed stents that can be used to manage stenoses around the carina between the bronchus to the right upper lobe and the bronchus intermedius (termed the primary right carina). The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of Oki stenting used to treat airway stenosis around the primary right carina. METHODS: We included 5 patients with airway stenoses...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659422/bending-of-an-aspirated-pin-during-rigid-bronchoscopy-safeguards-and-pitfalls
#5
Abdelrahman A A Elsayed, Albaraa A Mansour, Ahmed A A Amin, Mohsen S M Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Pin aspiration is a common problem in Muslim countries, where many women wear veils (hijab). This condition is usually treated using either a rigid or a flexible bronchoscope, and yet occasionally requires surgical approach. Pin bending may be necessary to extract impacted pins during the therapeutic rigid bronchoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients who had pins extracted with a bending technique during the period from January 2012 to December 2016 in 1 institution were analyzed...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652684/biphasic-cuirass-ventilation-during-anesthesia-for-tracheobronchial-stent-insertion-or-removal-by-a-rigid-bronchoscope-a-case-report
#6
Hideaki Mori, Atsuko Shono, Ritsuko Hirade, Tetsuro Nikai, Yoji Saito
Airway management and ventilation during a tracheobronchial stenting procedure are challenging given that mandatory positive pressure ventilation cannot be fully achieved while using a rigid bronchoscope due to leakage from the scope tip. Biphasic cuirass ventilation is a negative pressure ventilation method using an external cuirass fitted to the anterior chest, which could assist in spontaneous breathing and ventilation support. We report 3 successful anesthesia cases in which we could maintain adequate ventilation and oxygenation, supported by biphasic cuirass ventilation, in patients undergoing tracheobronchial stent placement or removal procedures using rigid bronchoscopy...
April 15, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627058/nonoperative-endoscopic-management-of-benign-tracheobronchial-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Cameron D Wright
Modern thoracic surgery requires knowledge and skill in advanced bronchoscopic techniques. Rigid bronchoscopy remains a workhorse for the management of central airway obstruction. Dilation of tracheal strictures is now much simpler with the advent of the balloon dilator, which can be passed through a therapeutic bronchoscope. Numerous adjuncts, such as laser, argon beam coagulation, electrocautery, and cryotherapy, can be used to improve airway patency. There are now numerous stenting options for strictures that require stenting to maintain airway patency...
May 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623556/anesthesia-for-interventional-pulmonology-procedures-a-review-of-advanced-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-bronchoscopy
#8
Andres de Lima, Fayez Kheir, Adnan Majid, John Pawlowski
PURPOSE: Interventional pulmonology is a growing subspecialty of pulmonary medicine with flexible and rigid bronchoscopies increasingly used by interventional pulmonologists for advanced diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. This review discusses different technical aspects of anesthesia for interventional pulmonary procedures with an emphasis placed on pharmacologic combinations, airway management, ventilation techniques, and common complications. SOURCE: Relevant medical literature was identified by searching the PubMed and Google Scholar databases for publications on different anesthesia topics applicable to interventional pulmonary procedures...
April 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532563/external-beam-radiation-therapy-combined-with-airway-stenting-leads-to-better-survival-in-patients-with-malignant-airway-obstruction
#9
Christopher Mallow, Jeffrey Thiboutot, Roy Semaan, Margaret M Hayes, Russell Hales, Ashwin Ram, David Feller-Kopman, Hans Lee, Lonny Yarmus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malignant airway obstruction (MAO), a common complication of patients with advanced lung cancer, causes debilitating dyspnoea and poor quality of life. Two common interventions used in the treatment of MAO include bronchoscopy with airway stenting and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Data are limited regarding their clinical effectiveness and overall effect on survival. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients treated with airway stenting and/or EBRT at the Johns Hopkins Hospital for MAO between July 2010 and January 2017 was reviewed...
March 12, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512419/effect-of-heliox-on-respiratory-outcomes-during-rigid-bronchoscopy-in-term-lambs
#10
Justin C Sowder, Mar Janna Dahl, Kaitlin R Zuspan, Kurt H Albertine, Donald M Null, Mitchell D Barneck, J Fredrik Grimmer
Objective To (1) compare physiologic changes during rigid bronchoscopy during spontaneous and mechanical ventilation and (2) evaluate the efficacy of a helium-oxygen (heliox) gas mixture as compared with room air during rigid bronchoscopy. Study Design Crossover animal study evaluating physiologic parameters during rigid bronchoscopy. Outcomes were compared with predicted computational fluid analysis. Setting Simulated ventilation via computational fluid dynamics analysis and term lambs undergoing rigid bronchoscopy...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487243/a-survey-of-flexible-bronchoscopy-practices-in-india-the-indian-bronchoscopy-survey-2017
#11
Karan Madan, Anant Mohan, Ritesh Agarwal, Vijay Hadda, Gopi C Khilnani, Randeep Guleria
Background: There is a lack of contemporaneous data on the practices of flexible bronchoscopy in India. Aim: The aim of the study was to study the prevalent practices of flexible bronchoscopy across India. Methods: The "Indian Bronchoscopy Survey" was a 98-question, online survey structured into the following sections: general information, patient preparation and monitoring, sedation and topical anesthesia, procedural/technical aspects, and bronchoscope disinfection/staff protection...
March 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482923/noninvasive-ventilation-as-a-temporizing-measure-in-critical-fixed-central-airway-obstruction-a-case-report
#12
Lenard Tai Win Cheng, Tiong Beng Sim, Win Sen Kuan
BACKGROUND: Critical central airway obstruction (CAO) requires emergent airway intervention, but current guidelines lack specific recommendations for airway management in the emergency department (ED) while awaiting rigid bronchoscopy. There are few reports of the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in tracheomalacia, but its use as a temporizing treatment option in fixed, malignant CAO has not, to the best of our knowledge, been reported. CASE REPORT: An 84-year-old woman presented to the ED in respiratory distress, too breathless to speak and using her accessory muscles of respiration, with bilateral rhonchi throughout the lung fields...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448830/pulmonary-mucormycosis-mimicking-an-endobronchial-mass
#13
Muhammet Sayan, Huseyin Arpag, Mahmut Tokur, Abdulkadir Yasir Bahar
Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fungal infection that can infect different regions of the body. This entity may present in rhinocerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, and disseminated forms. Although pulmonary mucormycosis is usually seen as an invasive parenchymal consolidation or cavitation, it may rarely present as an endobronchial mass. We describe a case of endobronchial mucormycosis in which the fungal mass was completely removed via rigid bronchoscopy before medical therapy.
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444601/the-role-of-thoracic-surgery-in-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-services
#14
Elliot Heward, Syed F Hashmi, Ignacio Malagon, Rajesh Shah, Julian Barker, Kandadai S Rammohan
Background Recent evidence surrounding the use of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in treating acute respiratory failure has led to the expansion of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation services worldwide. The high rate of complications related to venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation often requires intervention by specialist thoracic surgeons. This study aimed to investigate the role of specialist thoracic surgeons within the multidisciplinary team managing these high-risk patients. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 90 patients who received venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at our tertiary referral center between December 2011 and May 2015...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433718/pediatric-interventional-pulmonology
#15
REVIEW
Leonardo Donato, Thi Mai Hong Tran, Uzair K Ghori, Ali I Musani
Although controversy over the role of flexible versus rigid bronchoscopy for airway foreign body management persists, the effort should focus on prevention of aspiration of foreign bodies instead. This article discusses several recent advances in the bronchoscopic management of congenital tracheal stenosis, pediatric airway stenting, and the use of different types of lasers in children. The lack of randomized clinical trials leaves pediatric interventional bronchoscopic procedures without much national or international standards or guidelines...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433711/the-art-of-rigid-bronchoscopy-and-airway-stenting
#16
REVIEW
Antoinette Flannery, Cyrus Daneshvar, Hervé Dutau, David Breen
Interventional pulmonology has grown significantly over the last 2 decades and is now seen as an essential component in thoracic oncology care. The rigid bronchoscope occupies a central role in this specialty and offers many important advantages over the flexible scope when performing therapeutic procedures on central airways. Although stenting practices have evolved, it is generally accepted that stents offer an important treatment option for selected patients with benign and malignant airway diseases. This article discusses rigid bronchoscopy and stenting, future challenges, complications of the procedure and stents, and future directions...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433710/endobronchial-ablative-therapies
#17
REVIEW
Semra Bilaçeroğlu
Endobronchial ablative therapies, such as mechanical debulking, laser therapy, electrocautery, argon plasma coagulation, cryotherapy, brachytherapy, photodynamic therapy, microdebrider bronchoscopy, resector balloon deobstruction, and intratumoral chemotherapy, are performed through a rigid or flexible bronchoscope in palliating or curing symptomatic malignant and benign airway lesions to improve symptoms, quality of life, and survival. Technical factors together with patient- and lesion-specific features determine the therapy of choice, as each therapy is different in capacity, limitation, and complications...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416469/successful-removal-of-an-intractable-mucoid-impaction-in-the-bronchus-using-a-fogarty-catheter-with-flexible-bronchoscopy
#18
Eun Kyung Choi, Shiback Lee, Deokhee Lee, Sang-Jin Park
Rigid bronchoscopy is commonly used as the standard method to diagnosis and remove obstructive material from the tracheobronchial tree. However, a rigid bronchoscope has limitations when removing a foreign body with surface properties that make it difficult to grasp. We experienced a case that involved the removal of a mucoid impaction, which was accompanied by a near-total unilateral lung collapse, using a Fogarty catheter with flexible bronchoscopy.
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395565/-rigid-bronchoscopy
#19
REVIEW
A Briault, H Dutau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383314/controlled-vs-spontaneous-ventilation-for-bronchoscopy-in-children-with-tracheobronchial-foreign-body
#20
Leila Mashhadi, Alireza Sabzevari, Mohammad Gharavi Fard, Reza Shojaeian, Maryam Salehi, Marjan Joodi, Mahdi Fathi, Ali Jafarzadeh Esfehani, Kamran Khazaeni
Introduction: Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration is a common life-threatening condition in children. There are controversies in the management of this condition, including the type of ventilation during bronchoscopy. This study aims to compare anesthesia with controlled ventilation versus spontaneous ventilation in rigid bronchoscopy in children with foreign body aspiration. Materials and Methods: Patients who were candidates for rigid bronchoscopy due to foreign body aspiration were randomly assigned to either anesthesia with spontaneous ventilation or controlled ventilation...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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