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Green chemistry

Manu M Joseph, Jyothi B Nair, Kaustabh Kumar Maiti, Sreelekha Therakathinal T
Biopolymer capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were perceived for tracing biodistribution in a solid tumor mice through surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) fingerprinting. In this strategy, a robust and ecofriendly green chemistry approach was adopted to construct galactoxyloglucan (PST001) endowed AuNPs (PST-GNPs) with cancer-cell-selective toxic nature and excellent biocompatibility. Plasmonically enhanced light scattering properties facilitated PST-GNPs to be a superior SERS substrate with high Raman signal enhancement...
November 15, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Katerina Hola, Mária Sudolská, Sergii Kalytchuk, Dana Nachtigallova, Andrey L Rogach, Michal Otyepka, Radek Zbořil
Carbon dots (CDs) are a stable and highly biocompatible fluorescent material offering great application potential in cell labeling, optical imaging, LED diodes, and optoelectronic technologies. Because their emission wavelengths provide the best tissue penetration, red-emitting CDs are of a particular interest for applications in biomedical technologies. Current synthetic strategies enabling red-shifted emission include increasing the CD particle size (sp2 domain) by a proper synthetic strategy and tuning the surface chemistry of CDs with suitable functional groups (e...
November 14, 2017: ACS Nano
Sara Shoeibi, Paul Mozdziak, Afsaneh Golkar-Narenji
Selenium binds some enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase, which may be activated in biological infections and oxidative stress. Chemical and physical methods for synthesizing nanoparticles, apart from being expensive, have their own particular risks. However, nanoparticle synthesis through green chemistry is a safe procedure that different biological sources such as bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae and plants can be the catalyst bed for processing. Synthesis of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) by macro/microorganisms causes variation in morphology and shape of the particles is due to diversity of reduction enzymes in organisms...
November 9, 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
Patrizia Pinelli, Annalisa Romani, Elisa Fierini, Giovanni Agati
Fluorescence sensors are useful tools for the non-destructive assessment of grape berry anthocyanins. The Multiplex (Mx) sensor here studied provides two anthocyanin indices: ANTHR = log(1/Chl-fluorescence_R) and ANTHRG = log(Chl-fluorescence_R/Chl-fluorescence_G), based on the chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence excited with red (R) and green (G) light. These indices were calibrated against wet chemistry. The dependence of anthocyanin prediction models on cultivar, season and site was studied on four cultivars in two Italian regions during three consecutive years...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Thatipamula R Prasad, Siji Joseph, Prashant Kole, Anoop Kumar, Murali Subramanian, Sudha Rajagopalan, Prabhakar Kr
AIM: Objective of the current work was to develop a 'green chemistry' compliant selective and sensitive supercritical fluid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for simultaneous estimation of risperidone (RIS) and its chiral metabolites in rat plasma. Methodology & results: Agilent 1260 Infinity analytical supercritical fluid chromatography system resolved RIS and its chiral metabolites within runtime of 6 min using a gradient chromatography method. Using a simple protein precipitation sample preparation followed by mass spectrometric detection achieved a sensitivity of 0...
November 9, 2017: Bioanalysis
Stefania Sut, Marta Faggian, Valeria Baldan, Gabriele Poloniato, Ignazio Castagliuolo, Iztok Grabnar, Beatrice Perissutti, Paola Brun, Filippo Maggi, Dario Voinovich, Gregorio Peron, Stefano Dall'Acqua
In the present study results related to the in vivo administration of Natural Deep Eutectic Solvents (NADES)-solubilized berberine are reported for the first time. NADES are mixtures of small natural compounds having a melting point significantly lower than that of any individual component. Such solvents have gained much attention of the scientific community in the green chemistry area, being considered useful alternatives to common organic solvents. NADES can be used also as administration vehicles, and this can be attractive for nutraceutical products when eutectics are formed with food grade ingredients...
November 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
James Nicholas Vranish, Mario G Ancona, Scott A Walper, Igor L Medintz
The growing emphasis on green chemistry, renewable resources, synthetic biology, regio-/stereospecific chemical transformations, and nanotechnology for providing new biological products and therapeutics is reinvigorating research into enzymatic catalysis. Although the promise is profound, many complex issues remain to be addressed before this effort will have a significant impact. Prime among these is to combat the degradation of enzymes frequently seen in ex vivo formats following immobilization to stabilize the enzymes for long-term application and to find ways of enhancing their activity...
November 8, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Pavel S Gribanov, Gleb A Chesnokov, Maxim A Topchiy, Andrey F Asachenko, Mikhail S Nechaev
A general method of the synthesis of 1,4,5-trisubstituted-1,2,3-triazoles by Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling from 4- and 5-halo-1,2,3-triazoles is reported. The reaction is mediated by an expanded-ring N-heterocyclic carbene palladium complex in water. The developed reaction protocol meets the requirements of "green chemistry". Cross-coupling of 4- and 5-chlorotriazoles is reported for the first time.
November 8, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Anthony P Green, Simon Hardy, Eric J Thomas
The modified Julia reaction and acyl carbanion chemistry, especially reactions of 2-lithiated dithianes, have been investigated for the synthesis of intermediates that are the synthetic equivalents of the C11-C27 fragments of bryostatins. The modified Julia reaction using 2-benzothiazolylsulfones was found to be more useful for the formation of the C16-C17 double-bond than the classical Julia reaction using phenylsulfones, and bulky sulfones gave very good (E)-stereoselectivity. The alkylation of a dithiane monoxide that corresponded to a C19-acyl carbanion using (E)-1-bromobut-2-ene was efficient but the use of a more complex allylic bromide corresponding to the C20-C27 fragment of the bryostatins was unsuccessful, possibly due to competing elimination reactions...
November 15, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Amarvani P Kanjikar, Aruna L H, Ramesh L Londonkar
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is deadliest of fifth leading cause of death in women worldwide. This is due to advanced-stage disease rate associated with development of chemoresistance. Hence, the current study emphasizes the process of synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from green chemistry method. Ficus krishnae is a perennial plant, native to India, used in folklore medicine to treat various diseases. OBJECTIVE: For the development of reliable, ecofriendly, less expensive process for the synthesis of AgNPs against bacterial and ovarian cancer...
November 3, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Brandon L Greene, Gregory E Vansuch, Bryant C Chica, Michael W W Adams, R Brian Dyer
Rapid and facile redox chemistry is exemplified in nature by the oxidoreductases, the class of enzymes that catalyze electron transfer (ET) from a donor to an acceptor. The key role of oxidoreductases in metabolism and biosynthesis has imposed evolutionary pressure to enhance enzyme efficiency, pushing some toward the diffusion limit. Understanding the detailed molecular mechanisms of these highly optimized enzymes would provide an important foundation for the rational design of catalysts for multielectron chemistry, including fuel production...
October 30, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Priya Roy, Swadhin K Saha, Prajna Gayen, Pranesh Chowdhury, Santi P Sinha Babu
The present work seeks to explore the antifilarial activity of biopolymer functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) against human filarial parasite (Wuchereria bancrofti) through Nrf2 signaling for the first time. A natural polymer, chitosan is used along with Terminalia chebula extract to synthesize AuNPs following the principles of green chemistry. The probable mode of action of AuNPs as filaricidal agent has been investigated in detail using model filarial parasite, Setaria cervi (bovine parasite). Biopolymers inspired AuNPs exhibit superior antifilarial activity against both human and bovine filarial parasites, and are able to induce oxidative stress and apoptotic cell death in filarial parasites mediated through mitochondria...
October 20, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Marco Farren-Dai, Stanley Cameron, Michel B Johnson, Khashayar Ghandi
Computational studies were performed on novel protic ionic liquids imidazolium-[1,2-a]-pyridine trifluoroacetate [ImPr][TFA] synthesized by the reaction of imidazo-[1,2a]-pyridine (ImPr) with trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), and on fused salt imidazolium-[1,2-a]-pyridine maleamic carbonate [ImPr][Mal] synthesized by reaction of ImPr with maleamic acid (Mal). Synthesis was performed as one-pot reactions, which applies green chemistry tenets. Both these compounds begin to decompose at 180°C. Our computational studies suggest another thermal reaction channel, in which [ImPr][Mal] can also thermally polymerizes to polyacrylamide which then cyclizes...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
Benjamin M Lowe, Kai Sun, Ioannis Zeimpekis, Chris-Kriton Skylaris, Nicolas G Green
Field-Effect Transistor sensors (FET-sensors) have been receiving increasing attention for biomolecular sensing over the last two decades due to their potential for ultra-high sensitivity sensing, label-free operation, cost reduction and miniaturisation. Whilst the commercial application of FET-sensors in pH sensing has been realised, their commercial application in biomolecular sensing (termed BioFETs) is hindered by poor understanding of how to optimise device design for highly reproducible operation and high sensitivity...
October 26, 2017: Analyst
Christian Hoffmann, Valeria Chiaula, Liyun Yu, Manuel Pinelo, John M Woodley, Anders E Daugaard
Thiol-ene (TE)-based polymer particles are traditionally prepared via emulsion polymerization in water (using surfactants, stabilizers, and cosolvents). Here, a green and simple alternative is presented with excellent control over particle size, while avoiding the addition of stabilizers. Glycerol is applied as a dispersing medium for the preparation of off-stoichiometric TE microparticles, where sizes in the range of 40-400 µm are obtained solely by changing the mixing speed of the emulsions prior to crosslinking...
October 24, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Tapas Kumar Achar, Anima Bose, Prasenjit Mal
With the growing interest in renewable energy and global warming, it is important to minimize the usage of hazardous chemicals in both academic and industrial research, elimination of waste, and possibly recycle them to obtain better results in greener fashion. The studies under the area of mechanochemistry which cover the grinding chemistry to ball milling, sonication, etc. are certainly of interest to the researchers working on the development of green methodologies. In this review, a collection of examples on recent developments in organic bond formation reactions like carbon-carbon (C-C), carbon-nitrogen (C-N), carbon-oxygen (C-O), carbon-halogen (C-X), etc...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Ryo Sekine, Katie L Moore, Marianne Matzke, Pascal Vallotton, Haibo Jiang, Gareth M Hughes, Jason K Kirby, Erica Donner, Chris R M Grovenor, Claus Svendsen, Enzo Lombi
Increasing consumer use of engineered nanomaterials has led to significantly increased efforts to understand their potential impact on the environment and living organisms. Currently, no individual technique can provide all the necessary information such as their size, distribution, and chemistry in complex biological systems. Consequently, there is a need to develop complementary instrumental imaging approaches that provide enhanced understanding of these "bio-nano" interactions to overcome the limitations of individual techniques...
November 13, 2017: ACS Nano
Daniel Prochowicz, Arkadiusz Kornowicz, Janusz Lewiński
Readily available cyclodextrins (CDs) with an inherent hydrophobic internal cavity and hydrophilic external surface are macrocyclic entities that display a combination of molecular recognition and complexation properties with vital implications for host-guest supramolecular chemistry. While the host-guest chemistry of CDs has been widely recognized and led to their exploitation in a variety of important functions over the last five decades, these naturally occurring macrocyclic systems have emerged only recently as promising macrocyclic molecules to fabricate environmentally benign functional nanomaterials...
October 19, 2017: Chemical Reviews
Yimeng Tan, Tao Tang, Sandong Yang, Mingzhu Xia, Fengyun Wang, Tong Li
Supramolecular solvent (SUPRAS) is a nano-structured liquid generated from amphiphiles through a sequential self-assembly process. It is an efficient and excellent solvent for the sample extraction. In this paper, a method to directly extract and rapidly analyze polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water samples by high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) was developed. The composition and amount of SUPRAS were optimized and practical samples were tested. It indicated that the combination of tetrahydrofuran and 1-octanol was a suitable SUPRAS for the extraction of four PAHs with recoveries between 89...
September 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Gustavo Nicolodelli, Amanda Maria Tadini, Marcelo Saito Nogueira, Sebastião Pratavieira, Stephane Mounier, Jose Luis Clabel Huaman, Cléber Hilário Dos Santos, Célia Regina Montes, Débora Marcondes Bastos Pereira Milori
Time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy (TRFS) is a new tool that can be used to investigate processes of interaction between metal ions and organic matter (OM) in soils, providing a specific analysis of the structure and dynamics of macromolecules. To the best of our knowledge, there are no studies in the literature reporting the use of this technique applied to whole/non-fractionated soil samples, making it a potential method for use in future studies. This work describes the use of TRFS to evaluate the fluorescence lifetimes of OM of whole soils from the Amazon region...
August 20, 2017: Applied Optics
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