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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088068/perceived-assistance-in-pursuing-personal-goals-and-personal-recovery-among-mental-health-consumers-across-housing-services
#1
Galia S Moran, Kinneret Westman, Esther Weissberg, Samuel Melamed
Personal goals/plans play a central role in personal recovery and psychiatric rehabilitation of persons with mental illnesses. Yet, few studies have explored whether perceiving practitioners' assistance towards the pursuit of goals are associated with personal recovery and other favorable rehabilitation outcomes. A total of 2121 mental health consumers, of which 1222 use supported-housing services and 899 use group-home services, completed self-report questionnaires as part of a larger quality-assurance study conducted during the years 2013-2014...
January 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#2
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068827/access-to-healthcare-by-psychiatrists-psychiatric-trainees-and-overseas-trained-psychiatrists-findings-from-the-ranzcp-welfare-study
#3
Kym Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: To understand the challenges faced by psychiatrists and psychiatry trainees in accessing healthcare. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to all members (fellows, associates and affiliates) of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) and a number of focus groups were held across Australia and New Zealand. RESULTS: A total of 1051 members responded to the survey and nine focus groups were held. Almost all respondents indicated they had a personal general practitioner...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067594/nicotine-withdrawal-relapse-of-mental-illness-or-medication-side-effect-implementing-a-monitoring-tool-for-people-with-mental-illness-into-quitline-counseling
#4
Catherine J Segan, Amanda L Baker, Alyna Turner, Jill M Williams
BACKGROUND: Smokers with mental illness and their health care providers are often concerned that smoking cessation will worsen mental health. Smokers with mental illness tend to be more nicotine dependent and experience more severe symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, some of which are difficult to distinguish from psychiatric symptoms. In addition, smoking cessation can increase the blood levels and hence side-effects of some psychotropic medications. Improved monitoring of nicotine withdrawal and medication side-effects may help distinguish temporary withdrawal symptoms from psychiatric symptoms and facilitate targeted treatment to help smokers with mental illness manage the acute phase of nicotine withdrawal...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061411/the-12-month-prevalence-of-depression-and-health-care-utilization-in-the-general-population-of-latvia
#5
Jelena Vrublevska, Marcis Trapencieris, Sigita Snikere, Daiga Grinberga, Biruta Velika, Iveta Pudule, Elmars Rancans
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aims to assess the 12-month prevalence of major and minor depression in the Latvian population, and to evaluate associated health care utilization. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted face-to-face interviews with a multistage stratified probability sample of the Latvian general population, ages 15-64 (n=3003). Participants were interviewed using the depression module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051841/a-review-of-a-national-training-initiative-to-increase-provider-use-of-mat-to-address-the-opioid-epidemic
#6
REVIEW
Frances R Levin, Adam Bisaga, Maria A Sullivan, Arthur Robin Williams, Kathryn Cates-Wessel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Providers' Clinical Support System for Medication Assisted Treatment (PCSS-MAT) initiative focuses on training and mentoring health professionals in the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) using pharmacological strategies. Led by the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP), PCSS-MAT is a consortium representing four of the five national professional organizations authorized by DATA 2,000-AAAP, American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine, American Psychiatric Association, and American Society of Addiction Medicine...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046200/the-five-choice-continuous-performance-task-5c-cpt-a-cross-species-relevant-paradigm-for-assessment-of-vigilance-and-response-inhibition-in-rodents
#7
Zackary A Cope, Jared W Young
Deficits in the domains of attention and response inhibition are central to many psychiatric disorders. As such, animal models of disorders purporting to replicate these behavioral deficits first require tests that can accurately assess the behaviors with high fidelity. The gold-standard clinical test of attention and response inhibition is the continuous performance test (CPT). Although there are a number of CPTs, all share the premise of responding to target stimuli and inhibiting from responding to non-target stimuli...
January 3, 2017: Current Protocols in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041692/neurofeedback-one-of-today-s-techniques-in-psychiatry
#8
M Arns, J-M Batail, S Bioulac, M Congedo, C Daudet, D Drapier, T Fovet, R Jardri, M Le-Van-Quyen, F Lotte, D Mehler, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, D Purper-Ouakil, F Vialatte
OBJECTIVES: Neurofeedback is a technique that aims to teach a subject to regulate a brain parameter measured by a technical interface to modulate his/her related brain and cognitive activities. However, the use of neurofeedback as a therapeutic tool for psychiatric disorders remains controversial. The aim of this review is to summarize and to comment the level of evidence of electroencephalogram (EEG) neurofeedback and real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) neurofeedback for therapeutic application in psychiatry...
December 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040825/training-patients-with-schizophrenia-to-share-decisions-with-their-psychiatrists-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Johannes Hamann, Anna Parchmann, Nina Sassenberg, Katharina Bronner, Margot Albus, Alwin Richter, Sandra Hoppstock, Werner Kissling
PURPOSE: Many patients with schizophrenia have a desire for shared decision-making (SDM). However, in clinical practice SDM often does not take place. One cause might be that many patients behave passively in the medical encounter, therefore not facilitating SDM. It was the aim of the study to evaluate the effects of a patient directed SDM-training on patients' communicative behavior in the consultation, their attitudes towards decision-making and their long-term adherence. METHODS: Randomized-controlled trial comparing a five-session SDM-training for inpatients with schizophrenia with five sessions of non-specific group training...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032918/illness-management-and-recovery-program-for-mental-health-problems-reducing-symptoms-and-increasing-social-functioning
#10
Chay Huang Sharon Tan, Rohaida Binte Ishak, Tan Xiong Gentatsu Lim, Palaniappan Marimuthusamy, Kuldip Kaurss, Jern-Yi Joseph Leong
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Illness-Management and Recovery Program in comparison to the current standard of care in terms of reduction of symptoms, re-hospitalization rates and social functioning in Asia. BACKGROUND: Focus of treatment for Mental Health had been shifted from mere management of symptoms to that of achievement of recovery. In the recovery process, strategies to achieve higher level of functioning were utilized (McGuire et al...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030565/using-functional-or-structural-magnetic-resonance-images-and-personal-characteristic-data-to-identify-adhd-and-autism
#11
Sina Ghiassian, Russell Greiner, Ping Jin, Matthew R G Brown
A clinical tool that can diagnose psychiatric illness using functional or structural magnetic resonance (MR) brain images has the potential to greatly assist physicians and improve treatment efficacy. Working toward the goal of automated diagnosis, we propose an approach for automated classification of ADHD and autism based on histogram of oriented gradients (HOG) features extracted from MR brain images, as well as personal characteristic data features. We describe a learning algorithm that can produce effective classifiers for ADHD and autism when run on two large public datasets...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029354/-idem-depression-characteristics-and-evaluation-of-an-open-group-that-combines-psychoeducation-and-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#12
L Weiner, E Garcia-Krafes, S Garcia, C Berthomier, A Morali, J-Y Metzger, S Weibel, H Javelot, G Bertschy
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a highly prevalent mental illness that is associated with high rates of morbidity and functional impairment. At the psychiatric unit of the University Hospital of Strasbourg, France, we have developed an open group that combines psychoeducation and cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT), the information, discovery, exchange and mobilization for depression group (IDEM-depression). IDEM-depression is composed of 17 thematic, structured, and independent sessions, which address different aspects of depression (i...
October 28, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018541/feasibility-of-a-comprehensive-wellness-and-suicide-prevention-program-a-decade-of-caring-for-physicians-in-training-and-practice
#13
Sydney Ey, Mary Moffit, J Mark Kinzie, Patrick H Brunett
BACKGROUND : Comprehensive treatment models reduce distress and suicide risk in military, university, and community populations, but are not well studied with in medical trainees and physicians in practice. Physicians face unique internal and external barriers that limit access to psychological or psychiatric treatment, which may contribute to higher rates of burnout, depression, and suicide. OBJECTIVE : Our goal is to report on the feasibility and utilization of a wellness and suicide prevention program for residents, fellows, and faculty in an academic health center...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004984/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-practice-therapist-perceptions-of-techniques-outcome-measures-practitioner-qualifications-and-relation-to-research
#14
Benjamin Bohman, Alberto Santi, Gerhard Andersson
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has a strong evidence base for several psychiatric disorders, however, it may be argued that currently there is no overall agreement on what counts as 'CBT'. One reason is that CBT is commonly perceived as encompassing a broad range of treatments, from purely cognitive to purely behavioral, making it difficult to arrive at a clear definition. The purpose of the present study was to explore practicing therapists' perceptions of CBT. Three hundred fifty members of two multi-disciplinary interest groups for CBT in Sweden participated...
December 22, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003385/evidence-for-greater-forensic-education-of-all-psychiatry-residents
#15
Howard L Forman, David W Preven
Booth and his colleagues have made an important contribution to the emerging evidence base that shows education in forensic psychiatry topics can improve attitudes toward the field. Given the desinstitutionalization of those with severe mental illness from state psychiatric facilities and the incarceration of many individuals with severe mental illness in correctional facilities, the need to train many more psychiatrists with competence in correctional settings is clear. Simply training more forensic psychiatrists will not both meet the psychiatric needs of incarcerated patients and fulfill the essential roles forensic psychiatrists play in the justice system...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000558/coarse-classification-to-region-scalable-refining-for-white-matter-lesions-segmentation-in-multi-channel-mri
#16
Renping Yu, Liang Xiao, Zhihui Wei
Brain lesions, especially White Matter Lesions (WMLs) that mostly found on magnetic resonance images of elderly people, are not only associated with normal aging, but also with various geriatric disorders including cardiovascular diseases, vascular disease, psychiatric disorders and dementia. Quantitative analysis of WMLs in large clinical trials is crucial in scientific investigations of such neurological diseases as well as in studying aging processes. Exploiting the different appearances of WMLs in multiple modalities, we propose a novel coarse classification to region-scalable refining method to segment WMLs in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) sequences without user intervention...
December 20, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990295/a-retrospective-analysis-of-personality-disorder-presentations-in-a-canadian-university-affiliated-hospital-s-emergency-department
#17
Sarah Penfold, Dianne Groll, Dane Mauer-Vakil, Jennifer Pikard, Megan Yang, Mir Nadeem Mazhar
BACKGROUND: Individuals with personality disorders often have extensive involvement with healthcare services including frequent utilisation of emergency departments. AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with emergency department presentations by individuals with personality disorders. METHOD: A 12-month retrospective data analysis of all mental-health-related emergency department visits was performed. Age, gender, time and season of presentation, length of stay, mode of arrival and discharge arrangements for individuals with personality disorders were compared to individuals with other psychiatric diagnoses...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981693/caring-for-an-intimate-stranger-parenting-a-child-with-psychosis
#18
Eugenia Darmi, Thalia Bellali, Irini Papazoglou, Ioanna Karamitri, Danai Papadatou
INTRODUCTION: children who are diagnosed with psychosis often rely on their parents for prolonged care. The impact of such care is partially understood since most studies use quantitative methods and preexisting theoretical frameworks that limit their investigation to emotional burden, and emotional responses. AIM: Explore the parents' lived experience of caring for a child with psychosis. METHOD: A hermeneutic phenomenological design was used with a sample of 16 parents of children with psychotic disorders who were hospitalized or attended the outpatient clinic of a large psychiatric Greek hospital...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976784/-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-in-long-term-forensic-psychiatric-care
#19
S H H Schel, Y H A Bouman, P C Braun, B H Bulten
Quality of life (QoL) is an important issue in long term forensic psychiatric care (LFPC).<br/> AIM: To provide an overview of the knowledge that has been obtained over the last few years about patients' QoL in LFPC.<br/> METHOD: The quality of life in LFPC has been researched every year since 2007. The research has involved the use of the Forensic Inpatient Quality of Life Questionnaire (FQL) which was developed specifically for patients in LFPC. During the longitudinal research project several studies were conducted in order to identify some of the factors that possibly define patients' QoL...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941946/using-deep-belief-network-modelling-to-characterize-differences-in-brain-morphometry-in-schizophrenia
#20
Walter H L Pinaya, Ary Gadelha, Orla M Doyle, Cristiano Noto, André Zugman, Quirino Cordeiro, Andrea P Jackowski, Rodrigo A Bressan, João R Sato
Neuroimaging-based models contribute to increasing our understanding of schizophrenia pathophysiology and can reveal the underlying characteristics of this and other clinical conditions. However, the considerable variability in reported neuroimaging results mirrors the heterogeneity of the disorder. Machine learning methods capable of representing invariant features could circumvent this problem. In this structural MRI study, we trained a deep learning model known as deep belief network (DBN) to extract features from brain morphometry data and investigated its performance in discriminating between healthy controls (N = 83) and patients with schizophrenia (N = 143)...
December 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
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