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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451830/quality-of-life-and-african-american-women-who-are-family-caregivers-a-literature-review-with-implications-for-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-registered-nurses
#1
Shaquita A Starks, Freida Outlaw, J Carolyn Graff, Wendy Likes, Shelley White-Means, Laura Melaro, Mona N Wicks
PURPOSE: To identify factors affecting the quality of life (QOL) of African American women (AAW) family caregivers of individuals with kidney failure. METHODS: Ferrans' Conceptual Model of QOL provided the framework for this literature review. Included studies were (a) peer- reviewed, (b) published within the last ten years, (c) written in English, and (d) examined QOL of AAW family caregivers. Using CINAHL© and PubMed©, we found 14 studies that described factors associated with these caregivers' QOL...
February 16, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450935/community-violence-exposure-correlates-with-smaller-gray-matter-volume-and-lower-iq-in-urban-adolescents
#2
Oisin Butler, Xiao-Fei Yang, Corinna Laube, Simone Kühn, Mary Helen Immordino-Yang
Adolescents' exposure to community violence is a significant public health issue in urban settings and has been associated with poorer cognitive performance and increased risk for psychiatric illnesses, including PTSD. However, no study to date has investigated the neural correlates of community violence exposure in adolescents. Sixty-five healthy adolescents (age = 14-18 years; 36 females, 29 males) from moderate- to high-crime neighborhoods in Los Angeles reported their violence exposure, parents' education level, and free/reduced school lunch status (socio-economic status, SES), and underwent structural neuroimaging and intelligence testing...
February 15, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447416/managing-opioid-use-disorder-and-co-occurring-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-veterans
#3
Rhonda Snow, Stephanie T Wynn
Support and safety measures are essential for Veterans admitted to acute psychiatric units with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and opioid use disorder (OUD) to avoid unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. A human patient simulator was used to train clinicians to recognize opioid withdrawal symptoms. Clinicians were educated to assess for opioid withdrawal symptoms using the Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale. Knowledge was evaluated via pre/posttest. All participants' (N = 12) posttest scores improved...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433404/the-characteristics-of-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-in-korean-women-who-visited-a-community-based-gynaecology-hospital-for-sexual-dysfunction
#4
Ho Ju Yun, Hyun Hee Cho
This cross-sectional study analysed the characteristics of HSDD (hypoactive sexual desire disorder) in Korean women. Two hundred and seventeen women seen for sexual dysfunction were assessed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised (DMS IV-TR) and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). A diagnosis of HSDD was more common in women in their 40 s (56%), who had previously undergone surgery for a feeling of 'wide vagina'. Both too much or too little sexual activity caused HSDD...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433107/alcohol-withdrawal-hallucinations-in-the-general-population-an-epidemiological-study
#5
Massoud Stephane, Bachaar Arnaout, Gihyun Yoon
Hallucinations are sometimes encountered in the course of alcohol withdrawal; however, both the factors predisposing to alcohol withdrawal hallucinations (AWH) and the implications of AWH with respect to the mechanisms of hallucinations remain unclear. To clarify these issues, we used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to investigate the demographic correlates, alcohol-use clinical patterns, and psychiatric comorbidities in two groups: drinkers with and without a history of AWH...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432246/evaluation-and-management-of-the-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Nicole Baumer, Sarah J Spence
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by deficits in social communication and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. This article provides the tools to diagnose and manage patients with autism spectrum disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Autism spectrum disorder is a heterogeneous condition with varying presentations, multiple etiologies, and a number of comorbidities that impact the course and management of the disorder...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431859/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-depressive-symptomatology-among-pregnant-women
#7
Katja Ångerud, Eva-Maria Annerbäck, Tanja Tydén, Santosh Boddeti, Per Kristiansson
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) result in somatic and mental health disturbances. Its influence on antenatal depression is scarcely studied. This study examined the association between experience of ACE and antenatal depressive symptomatology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1257 women from 172 antenatal clinics in Sweden were surveyed during pregnancy and one year after delivery. Demographics, previous medical history and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) were collected in pregnancy and postpartum and ACE one year postpartum...
February 12, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429384/differences-in-cognitive-performance-in-nondemented-parkinson-s-disease-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-cognitive-subtypes
#8
Laura Alonso-Recio, Pilar Martín-Plasencia, Miguel Ruiz, Juan Manuel Serrano
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairments are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients without dementia. These deficits are quite heterogeneous, which makes it difficult to recognize and treat them. For this reason, many authors have attempted to classify patients into more homogeneous groups with diverse results. The present study was designed to analyze the cognitive heterogeneity in PD patients using a novel data-driven approach, latent profile analysis (LPA), to classify patients according to cognitive characteristics...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428394/the-pharmacology-of-amphetamine-and-methylphenidate-relevance-to-the-neurobiology-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-other-psychiatric-comorbidities
#9
REVIEW
Stephen V Faraone
Psychostimulants, including amphetamines and methylphenidate, are first-line pharmacotherapies for individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This review aims to educate physicians regarding differences in pharmacology and mechanisms of action between amphetamine and methylphenidate, thus enhancing physician understanding of psychostimulants and their use in managing individuals with ADHD who may have comorbid psychiatric conditions. A systematic literature review of PubMed was conducted in April 2017, focusing on cellular- and brain system-level effects of amphetamine and methylphenidate...
February 8, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423767/patient-understanding-of-discharge-instructions-in-the-emergency-department-do-different-patients-need-different-approaches
#10
Hasan Sheikh, Aleksandar Brezar, Agata Dzwonek, Lawrence Yau, Lisa A Calder
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that patients have poor understanding of the discharge instructions provided from the emergency department (ED). The aims of this study are to determine if patient factors, such as income and level of education, correlate with patient understanding of discharge instructions and to explore if different patient populations prefer different resources for receiving discharge instructions. METHODS: We conducted live observations of physicians providing discharge instructions in the ED to 100 patients followed by a patient survey to determine their understanding in four domains (diagnosis, treatment plan, follow-up instructions, and return to ED (RTED) instructions) and collect patient demographics...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420786/one-day-behavioral-intervention-for-distressed-veterans-with-migraine-results-of-a-multimethod-pilot-study
#11
C Huddleston, L Martin, K Woods, L Dindo
Introduction: Migraine, a chronic neurological disorder characterized by episodic severe headache pain and functional impairment, affects approximately 12% of the general US population. Veterans returning from Iraq or Afghanistan have two to four times the incidence of migraine of the general population. Veterans with migraines are more than twice as likely to have comorbid psychiatric conditions as veterans without migraines, with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder being most prevalent...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420697/environmental-influences-on-infant-cortical-thickness-and-surface-area
#12
Shaili C Jha, Kai Xia, Mihye Ahn, Jessica B Girault, Gang Li, Li Wang, Dinggang Shen, Fei Zou, Hongtu Zhu, Martin Styner, John H Gilmore, Rebecca C Knickmeyer
Cortical thickness (CT) and surface area (SA) vary widely between individuals and are associated with intellectual ability and risk for various psychiatric and neurodevelopmental conditions. Factors influencing this variability remain poorly understood, but the radial unit hypothesis, as well as the more recent supragranular cortex expansion hypothesis, suggests that prenatal and perinatal influences may be particularly important. In this report, we examine the impact of 17 major demographic and obstetric history variables on interindividual variation in CT and SA in a unique sample of 805 neonates who received MRI scans of the brain around 2 weeks of age...
February 6, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417854/coming-of-age-in-a-conflict-area-mental-health-education-employment-migration-and-family-formation-in-the-southernmost-provinces-of-thailand
#13
Kathleen Ford, Aree Jampaklay, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
OBJECTIVES: Three southern provinces of Thailand - Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat - have been involved in a long period of unrest. Young people in these provinces have lived with this violence for many years. The objectives of this article are to assess the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms of young adults aged 18-24 years and to examine the perceived effects of the conflict on education, employment, social and religious life. METHODS: Data were drawn from a probability sample of 2,053 Muslim adults aged 18-59 years conducted in 2014...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417149/association-of-dsm-5-betel-quid-use-disorder-with-oral-potentially-malignant-disorder-in-6-betel-quid-endemic-asian-populations
#14
Chien-Hung Lee, Albert Min-Shan Ko, Frances M Yang, Chung-Chieh Hung, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Salah Osman Ibrahim, Rosnah Binti Zain, Ying-Chin Ko
Importance: Betel-quid (BQ) is the fourth most popular psychoactive agent worldwide. An emerging trend across Asia is the addictive consumption of BQ, which is associated with oral cancer and other health consequences. Objective: To investigate the validity and pattern of DSM-5-defined BQ use disorder (BUD) and its association with oral potentially malignant disorder (OPMD) among Asian populations. Design, Setting, and Participants: In-person interviews were conducted from January 1, 2009, to February 28, 2010, among a random sample of 8922 noninstitutionalized adults from the Asian Betel-quid Consortium study, an Asian representative survey of 6 BQ-endemic populations...
February 7, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416221/predicting-factors-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-mental-health-nurses-a-quantitative-cross-sectional-study
#15
Konstantinos Tsaras, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Viktor Vus, Antigoni Panagiotopoulou, Maria Alexandra Katsou, Martha Kelesi, Evangelos C Fradelos
Introduction: The nursing profession is characterized as one of the most stressful and emotional dementing professions. It is widely agreed that many nurses are experiencing anxiety and depression as a results of their profession. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression and anxiety among mental health nurses working in public psychiatric hospitals, in order to identify independent predictors of mental health disorders risk...
February 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414451/the-influence-of-psychiatric-disorders-on-the-course-of-lung-cancer-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-tuberculosis
#16
Melina Gade Sikjær, Anders Løkke, Ole Hilberg
BACKGROUND: This Danish study evaluated the association between psychiatric comorbidity and the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer and tuberculosis (TB) of an entire nation. METHODS: Data from the Danish National Patient Registry (1998-2009), material status, gender, educational level, comorbidities, age at diagnosis and death, medication, and causes of death were extracted from national databases. We identified 71,874 patients with COPD and found 32,282 with a pre-index psychiatric comorbidity, 20,787 patients with lung cancer and found 8406 with a pre-index psychiatric comorbidity, and 3495 patients with TB and found 797 with a pre-index psychiatric morbidity...
February 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413154/novel-loci-associated-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-are-revealed-by-leveraging-polygenic-overlap-with-educational-attainment
#17
Alexey A Shadrin, Olav B Smeland, Tetyana Zayats, Andrew J Schork, Oleksandr Frei, Francesco Bettella, Aree Witoelar, Wen Li, Jon A Eriksen, Florian Krull, Srdjan Djurovic, Stephen V Faraone, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Wesley K Thompson, Stefan Johansson, Jan Haavik, Anders M Dale, Yunpeng Wang, Ole A Andreassen
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and highly heritable psychiatric condition. By exploiting the reported relationship between ADHD and educational attainment (EA), we aimed to improve discovery of ADHD-associated genetic variants and to investigate genetic overlap between these phenotypes. METHOD: A conditional/conjunctional false discovery rate (condFDR/conjFDR) method was applied to genome-wide association study (GWAS) data on ADHD (2,064 trios, 896 cases, and 2,455 controls) and EA (n=328,917) to identify ADHD-associated loci and loci overlapping between ADHD and EA...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408018/cigarette-smoking-in-persons-living-with-hepatitis-c-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2014
#18
Ryung S Kim, Andrea H Weinberger, Geetanjali Chander, Mark S Sulkowski, Brianna Norton, Jonathan Shuter
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is common in persons living with hepatitis C (hepatitis C+), but national statistics on this harmful practice are lacking. A better understanding of smoking behaviors in hepatitis C+ individuals may help in the development of targeted treatment strategies. METHODS: We extracted data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999-2014. Hepatitis C+ were compared to hepatitis C- adults in the entire sample and in the subset of current smokers...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403129/psychological-dissection-of-patients-having-dissociative-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Lohit Somashekar Reddy, N M Patil, Raghavendra B Nayak, Sameeran S Chate, Saba Ansari
Background: Patients present with dissociative disorders as a decompensation to underlying stressful situation. It is clinically important to evaluate the presence, type, and temporal relation of the stressors resulting in dissociation. Further knowing the sociodemographic and psychological profile of the dissociative patient helps in better management. Materials and Methods: The study included 55 dissociative patients aged between 5 to 45 years. Psychiatric diagnosis was made using ICD-10 DCR...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400549/case-formulation-using-pattern-based-formulation-methodology-clinical-case-3
#20
Irosh Fernando
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine if pattern-based formulation (PBF) can accurately contribute to case formulation. CONCLUSIONS: The application of three PBFs accurately contributed to the development of this patient's case formulation. The case formulation demonstrated here, and the patterns introduced in this paper, will serve as educational materials for teaching psychiatric case formulation.
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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