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Psychiatric education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679414/rates-and-features-of-methamphetamine-related-presentations-to-emergency-departments-an-integrative-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Rikki Jones, Cindy Woods, Kim Usher
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To review the clinical impact methamphetamine has on emergency departments (ED) by assessing the available research on the rates and features of methamphetamine-related presentations. BACKGROUND: Globally, methamphetamine availability, distribution and use has rapidly increased. As a result, the number of methamphetamine-related presentations to EDs has also increased. In this context, it is timely to review the rate and features of methamphetamine-related presentations to understand the impact of methamphetamine on EDs and facilitate the allocation of services, staff and resources...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679128/-activities-without-patient-contact-estimate-of-time-costs-based-on-telephone-interviews-in-eight-psychiatric-hospitals
#2
A Blume, P Brückner-Bozetti, T Steinert
The aim of this pilot study was to estimate the share of working time that staff in psychiatric hospitals theoretically spend on obligatory activities, such as training and further education, organizational and documentation tasks as well as statutory lecturing duties without patient contact. A total of 47 physicians, 39 nurses, 34 psychologists and 35 social workers from eight psychiatric hospitals were interviewed. The results reveal that the theoretically remaining time for direct patient contact is low...
April 20, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669407/psychiatric-sequelae-of-former-comfort-women-survivors-of-the-japanese-military-sexual-slavery-during-world-war-ii
#3
REVIEW
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666778/psychiatric-morbidity-perceived-stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-parents-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-in-lahore-pakistan
#4
Muhammad H Sheikh, Sania Ashraf, Nazish Imran, Sadia Hussain, Muhammad W Azeem
Background This study assessed anxiety and depression levels among parents of children with intellectual disability (ID) and analyzed their coping strategies. Methods One hundred parents of children with ID were recruited through child psychiatry outpatient services in a tertiary care setting in Lahore, Pakistan. A structured questionnaire including sociodemographic details, the Agha Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale, the Family Stress and Coping Questionnaire, Brief COPE questionnaire, and Support questionnaire were used for data collection...
February 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664050/association-between-perceived-stressfulness-of-stressful-life-events-and-the-suicidal-risk-in-chinese-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Jing-Yu Lin, Yu Huang, Yun-Ai Su, Xin Yu, Xiao-Zhen Lyu, Qi Liu, Tian-Mei Si
Background: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) usually have high risk of suicidality. Few studies have investigated the effects of stressful life events (SLEs) on the risk of suicide in Chinese patients who have developed MDD. This study aimed to investigate the impact of SLEs on suicidal risk in Chinese patients with MDD. Methods: In total, 1029 patients with MDD were included from nine psychiatric hospitals to evaluate the impact of SLEs on suicidal risk...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660813/impact-of-psychiatric-illness-on-decreased-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-bladder-cancer-in-the-united-states
#6
Usama Jazzar, Shan Yong, Zachary Klaassen, Jinhai Huo, Byron D Hughes, Edgar Esparza, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Simon P Kim, Douglas S Tyler, Stephen J Freedland, Ashish M Kamat, Dwight V Wolf, Stephen B Williams
BACKGROUND: Treatments for muscle-invasive bladder cancer are multimodal, complex, and often carry significant risks of physical and psychological morbidity. The objectives of this study were to define the incidence and types of psychiatric illnesses diagnosed after treatment and to determine their impact on survival outcomes. METHODS: In total, 3709 patients who were diagnosed with clinical stage T2 through T4a bladder cancer from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2011, from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare were analyzed...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657697/characterizing-mortality-from-substance-abuse-in-iran-an-epidemiological-study-during-march-2014-to-february-2015
#7
Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari, Abdolrazagh Barzegar
Background: Drug abuse is a severe and chronic disorder that leaves morbidity, disability and premature mortality in the society. The study of death due to substance abuse provides useful information for local, national and international administrators. Thus, by identifying the factors that have an impact on overdose-related mortality we can provide suitable intervention for vulnerable groups. The aim of this study was an investigation of mortality rate caused by consumption of narcotic and psychoactive substances in Iran...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651268/sociocultural-appearance-standards-and-risk-factors-for-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-and-women-of-various-ages
#8
Bernadetta Izydorczyk, Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska
The main aim of the present study was to verify the level of impact of sociocultural appearance standards (passive awareness and active internalization) have on body dissatisfaction, the desire to engage in a relentless pursuit of thinness, the adoption of a perfectionistic attitude toward the body, and the development of a tendency to engage in bulimic eating behavior, which can develop in adolescent girls and women of varying ages. The study group comprised 234 individuals: 95 secondary school girls, 33 high school girls, 56 female students, and 50 employed women, all of whom were living in southern Poland...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645261/determinants-of-quality-of-life-among-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-at-outpatient-clinics
#9
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: The study examines the determinants of the quality of life (QoL) among outpatients with schizophrenia in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used with 157 people with schizophrenia treated in outpatient clinics. Demographic, clinical and psychosocial variables were examined for their influence on QoL. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation and stepwise forward multiple linear regression...
April 12, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644474/risk-factors-for-parental-psychopathology-a-study-in-families-with-children-or-adolescents-with-psychopathology
#10
L W Wesseldijk, G C Dieleman, F J A van Steensel, M Bartels, J J Hudziak, R J L Lindauer, S M Bögels, C M Middeldorp
The parents of children with psychopathology are at increased risk for psychiatric symptoms. To investigate which parents are mostly at risk, we assessed in a clinical sample of families with children with psychopathology, whether parental symptom scores can be predicted by offspring psychiatric diagnoses and other child, parent and family characteristics. Parental depressive, anxiety, avoidant personality, attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), and antisocial personality symptoms were measured with the Adult Self Report in 1805 mothers and 1361 fathers of 1866 children with a psychiatric diagnosis as assessed in a child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinic...
April 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642778/effects-of-psycho-education-plus-basic-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-strategies-on-medication-treated-adolescents-with-depressive-disorder-in-nigeria
#11
Ehimwenma W Isa, Cornelius Ani, Tolulope Bella-Awusah, Olayinka Omigbodun
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exists on psychological interventions for adolescent depression in African countries such as Nigeria. This study therefore investigates the effects of a psychological intervention that includes psycho-education and basic elements of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) on depressed medication-treated adolescents in Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: This was a pre-post one-group intervention study of 18 adolescents aged 13-18 years with clinically diagnosed depressive disorder, attending a specialist psychiatric hospital...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627964/evaluating-concurrent-validity-of-criminal-justice-and-clinical-assessments-among-women-on-probation
#12
Camila D Odio, Megan Carroll, Susan Glass, Ashley Bauman, Faye S Taxman, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: Women in the criminal justice (CJ) system experience complex and comorbid medical, psychiatric, and substance use disorders, which often contribute to CJ involvement. To identify intersections between CJ and health needs, we calculated Spearman r correlations between concurrent CJ and clinical assessments from women on probation in Connecticut who were enrolled in a clinical trial. We examined longitudinal trends in CJ risk scores over 9 years of observation (2005-2014), modeling time to probation recidivism with shared gamma frailty models and comparing contiguous time points by Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank tests...
April 7, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627721/community-based-comprehensive-intervention-for-people-with-schizophrenia-in-guangzhou-china-effects-on-clinical-symptoms-social-functioning-internalized-stigma-and-discrimination
#13
Jie Li, Yuan-Guang Huang, Mao-Sheng Ran, Yu Fan, Wen Chen, Sara Evans-Lacko, Graham Thornicroft
Comprehensive interventions including components of stigma and discrimination reduction in schizophrenia in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are lacking. We developed a community-based comprehensive intervention to evaluate its effects on clinical symptoms, social functioning, internalized stigma and discrimination among patients with schizophrenia. A randomized controlled trial including an intervention group (n = 169) and a control group (n = 158) was performed. The intervention group received comprehensive intervention (strategies against stigma and discrimination, psycho-education, social skills training and cognitive behavioral therapy) and the control group received face to face interview...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627192/why-do-the-very-old-self-harm-a-qualitative-study
#14
Anne P F Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: To examine the perspectives of people aged 80 years or older who self-harmed regarding their reasons for self-harm and its consequences, and their perceptions of care. DESIGN: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two teaching hospitals and associated community services. PARTICIPANTS: People aged 80 years or older who had self-harmed within the previous month...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626292/faculty-development-for-teaching-faculty-in-psychiatry-where-we-are-and-what-we-need
#15
Sallie G De Golia, Consuelo C Cagande, Mary S Ahn, Lisa M Cullins, Art Walaszek, Deborah S Cowley
OBJECTIVE: A Faculty Development Task Force surveyed the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training membership to assess faculty development for graduate medical education faculty in psychiatry departments and barriers to seeking graduate medical education careers. METHODS: An anonymous Survey Monkey survey was emailed to 722 American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training members. The survey included questions about demographics, the current state of faculty development offerings within the respondent's psychiatry department and institution, and potential American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training faculty development programming...
April 6, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625949/optimizing-electronic-consultation-between-primary-care-providers-and-psychiatrists-mixed-methods-study
#16
Jennifer M Hensel, Rebecca Yang, Minnie Rai, Valerie H Taylor
BACKGROUND: The use of electronic consultation (e-consult) between primary care providers (PCPs) and psychiatrists has potential, given the high prevalence of mental health issues in primary care and problematic access to specialist care. Utilization and uptake, however, appears to be lower than would be expected. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine actual utilization of e-consult between PCPs and psychiatrists and investigate the perceptions of PCPs about this form of psychiatric advice to inform how to optimize the utility and thereby the uptake of this service...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625572/standardized-patients-in-psychiatry-the-best-way-to-learn-clinical-skills
#17
Monika Himmelbauer, Tamara Seitz, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Standardized patients (SP) have been successfully utilized in medical education to train students' communication skills. At the Medical University of Vienna communication training with SPs in psychiatry is a mandatory part of the curriculum. In the training, the SP plays the role of four different patients suffering from depression/suicidal tendencies, somatoform disorder, anxiety disorder, or borderline disorder while the student attempts to gather the patient's medical history...
April 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625377/clinical-characteristics-associated-with-paedophilia-and-child-sex-offending-differentiating-sexual-preference-from-offence-status
#18
Hannah Gerwinn, Simone Weiß, Gilian Tenbergen, Till Amelung, Carina Födisch, Alexander Pohl, Claudia Massau, Jonas Kneer, Sebastian Mohnke, Christian Kärgel, Matthias Wittfoth, Stefanie Jung, Krassimira Drumkova, Kolja Schiltz, Martin Walter, Klaus M Beier, Henrik Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Boris Schiffer, Tillmann H C Kruger
Contrary to public perception, child sex offending (CSO) and paedophilia are not the same. Only half of all cases of CSO are motivated by paedophilic preference, and a paedophilic preference does not necessarily lead to CSO. However, studies that investigated clinical factors accompanying and contributing to paedophilia so far mainly relied on paedophiles with a history of CSO. The aim of this study was to distinguish between factors associated with sexual preference (paedophile versus non-paedophile) and offender status (with versus without CSO)...
April 3, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618536/court-ordered-evaluations-from-a-mental-health-court
#19
Seth Judd, George F Parker
Mental health courts (MHCs) have been in existence for more than 20 years, but little is known about the demographics, clinical features, and court outcomes of MHC defendants court-ordered for competence to stand trial (CST) evaluations. We examined these items in defendants who underwent CST evaluations for the Marion County, IN, MHC. The MHC defendants were significantly more likely than defendants referred from other courts to be male, black, unemployed, and on disability, and have a history of prior arrests and psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613943/patient-experience-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-retrospective-review-of-clinical-outcomes-and-satisfaction
#20
Sarah K Brown, Rachel B Nowlin, Rebecca Sartorelli, Johan Smith, Karen Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore patient perception and perceived benefit of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) by assessing the real-world experience of adult patients who received ECT, focusing on clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed patient self-report of depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire), perception of physical and cognitive ECT adverse effects (ECT Outcomes Survey) and satisfaction with treatment (Patient Satisfaction Survey)...
April 2, 2018: Journal of ECT
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