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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033017/neurocognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-adults-with-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-corrected-by-the-arterial-switch-operation
#1
Leïla Kasmi, Johanna Calderon, Michèle Montreuil, Nikoletta Geronikola, Virginie Lambert, Emrè Belli, Damien Bonnet, David Kalfa
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairments have frequently been described in children and adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). The arterial switch operation (ASO) to correct d-TGA has been used for more than 30 years, and more than 90% of these patients now reach adulthood. However, very little is known about their long-term functional outcomes. The present study investigated neurocognitive outcomes and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with d-TGA corrected by ASO...
October 12, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029642/post-trauma-morbidity-measured-as-sick-leave-is-substantial-and-influenced-by-factors-unrelated-to-injury-a-retrospective-matched-observational-cohort-study
#2
Erik von Oelreich, Mikael Eriksson, Olof Brattström, Andrea Discacciati, Lovisa Strömmer, Anders Oldner, Emma Larsson
BACKGROUND: Mortality as an endpoint has been the focus of trauma research whereas few studies investigate long-term outcomes in terms of morbidity. An adequate analysis of post-injury morbidity includes several dimensions, for this reason sick leave has been used as a proxy for morbidity in the current study. The aim of this retrospective matched observational cohort study was to investigate sick leave before and after trauma and factors associated with prolonged sick leave. METHODS: Patients from a level one trauma centre 2005-2010 were matched in a 1:5 ratio with uninjured controls...
October 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028582/internalized-stigma-and-its-impact-in-indian-outpatients-with-bipolar-disorder
#3
Arghya Pal, Pratap Sharan, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
Patients with many psychiatric disorders have considerable internalized stigma. The current study intended to examine the level and impact of internalized stigma in patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). 60 patients with BPAD, 33 patients with schizophrenia and 30 patients with anxiety disorders were compared on Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale and The Stigma Scale. The patients with BPAD were assessed using Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Participation scale (PS) and World Health Organization Quality Of Life - Brief Version - Hindi (WHOQOL-bref)...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027619/-even-heroes-get-depressed-sponsorship-and-self-stigma-in-canada-s-mental-illness-awareness-week
#4
Loren Gaudet
In 1992, the Canadian Psychiatric Association launched Canada's first national campaign against mental illness, Mental Illness Awareness Week (MIAW). I stress that pharmaceutical sponsorship of the first five years of MIAW (1992-1997) was integral to shaping the trajectory of the campaign and marks a shift in the way stigma is conceived and resisted in Canada: what was an interpersonal process based on social norms becomes refigured as "self-stigma," or an individualized process in which lack of information, education, and self-assessment contribute to an inability to consider oneself as at-risk for a disease, condition, or disorder...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022406/our-experience-with-syrian-refugee-patients-at-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-in-gaziantep-turkey
#5
Mehmet Karadag, Cem Gokcen, Funda Dandil, Baran Calisgan
Reporting from Turkey's frontier with the civil war in Syria, we examined the demographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses and treatments for the Syrian refugee patients who have presented to Gaziantep University, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic through 2016 and the first half of 2017 retrospectively, having aimed to understand the special characteristics and needs of this novel patient group. Within a year and a half, we evaluated 51 children and adolescents and 25 (51%) had come from refugee camps, where primary healthcare services are available...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022074/probable-psychiatric-disorder-in-a-rural-community-of-west-bengal-india
#6
Anamitra Barik, Sujit Sarkhel, Saugata Basu, Abhijit Chowdhury, Rajesh Kumar Rai
PURPOSE: India faces multiple challenges to mitigate a high burden of psychiatric disorders. The risk of developing psychiatric disorder among the rural Indian population is poorly investigated. This study aims to understand the factors associated with probable psychiatric disorder (PPD) among a select rural Indian population. METHODS: Data from the Birbhum population project of the society for health and demographic surveillance, West Bengal, India, were utilized...
October 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021112/american-counselors-acceptance-of-non-abstinence-outcome-goals-for-clients-diagnosed-with-co-occurring-substance-use-and-other-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Alan K Davis, Harold Rosenberg, Joseph A Rosansky
Previous research has examined clinicians' acceptance of non-abstinence for clients who have a substance use disorder (SUD), but many SUD clients also present with a psychiatric disorder. To evaluate the acceptability of non-abstinence as a final outcome goal for clients with co-occurring diagnoses, we recruited a nationwide sample of 751 American substance abuse counselors to complete a web-based questionnaire. Respondents rated the acceptability of limited/moderate consumption by clients diagnosed with each of 18 co-occurring disorders: three psychiatric disorders (Major Depressive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia) x three substances (alcohol, cannabis, opioids) x two levels of severity (DSM-5 Moderate SUD, DSM-5 Severe SUD)...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016981/prevalence-of-polysubstance-abuse-and-dual-diagnosis-in-patients-admitted-to-alcohol-rehabilitation-units-for-alcohol-related-problems-in-italy-changes-in-15-years
#8
A Zambon, C Airoldi, G Corrao, M Cibin, D Agostini, F Aliotta, M Movalli, F Biondini, P Bizzi, G Zucchi, G Cerizza, A Dattola, A Marmora, G Vittadini, F Girardi, L Liberto, I M Hinnenthal, A Jaretti Sodano, P Vizzuso, E Majolino, D Mioni, L Pedretti, P Ranaletti, M Forghieri, G Spolaor, I Giorgi
Aims: Alcohol abuse has long been known as a disease with social and economic burden to society. Given the complex nature of alcohol treatment, it is worthwhile to examine the change over time of patients admitted to residential alcohol abuse rehabilitation units. Methods: The data were collected from two Italian projects on alcoholics performed in the mid-1990s (ASSALT) and in 2009 (CORRAL), respectively. Categorical variables were considered in terms of absolute and relative frequencies...
September 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016669/major-depressive-disorder-and-suicide-risk-among-adult-outpatients-at-several-general-hospitals-in-a-chinese-han-population
#9
Haiyan Li, Xinni Luo, Xiaoyin Ke, Qing Dai, Wei Zheng, Chanjuan Zhang, Ryan M Cassidy, Jair C Soares, XiangYang Zhang, Yuping Ning
BACKGROUND: Somatic complaints are often the presenting symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) in the outpatient context, because this may go unrecognized. It is well understood that MDD carries an increased risk of suicide. This study aimed to identify the risk factors and association with both MDD and suicidality among Han Chinese outpatients. METHODS: A multicenter study was carried out in 5189 outpatient adults (≥18 years old) in four general hospitals in Guangzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016467/the-development-and-psychometric-testing-on-psychiatric-nurses-of-a-nurse-case-management-competence-scale-in-taiwan
#10
Shing-Chia Chen, Shih-Kai Lee, Jiin-Ru Rong, Chien-Chang Wu, Wen-I Liu
BACKGROUND: Case management is a complex process involving multiple activities. It is vital that nurses are competent in all related tasks for case management. A competence scale is a valuable tool for assessing task-related competency. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the reliability and validity of an assessment scale for nurse case management competence and to use this scale to assess the current competency of nurses. METHODS: A nurse case management competence scale was developed in three stages: (a) selection of assessment items according to standards of practice for case management and literature review, (b) determination of content validity using the Delphi technique with a panel of experts, and (c) psychometric testing of the developed competence scale using a cross-sectional design...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993354/endoscopic-shaving-of-hair-in-a-gastric-bypass-patient-with-a-large-bezoar
#11
Waseem Amjad, Gautham Upadhya, Abu Hurairah, Shahzad Iqbal
Trichotillomania can be associated with the formation of trichobezoars (hair ball) usually located in the stomach. Trichobezoars may lead to complications including bowel obstruction, and perforation. Patients with a history of diabetes, certain psychiatric disorders, prior gastric surgery and poor mastication ability are at an increased risk of developing bezoars. We are presenting a case of patient who suffered from a large, recurrent trichobezoar, who had a history of gastric bypass surgery as well as trichotillophagia...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992891/patterns-of-medical-utilization-before-the-first-hospitalization-for-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-in-taiwan
#12
Yen-Ni Hung, Chian-Jue Kuo, Shu-Yu Yang, Ming-Chyi Huang, Ying-Yeh Chen, Shih-Ku Lin, Kuan-Yu Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to analyze medical utilization patterns of female patients with anorexia nervosa before their first inpatient care visit for anorexia nervosa using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. METHOD: We selected female anorexia nervosa patients (n=239) and control participants hospitalized for peptic ulcers (n=478) or appendectomy (n=478) who were matched by age and incident year from two subsets of the NHIRD...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991149/decisional-informatics-for-psychosocial-rehabilitation-a-feasibility-pilot-on-tailored-and-fluid-treatment-algorithms-for-serious-mental-illness
#13
Jimmy Choi, Paul H Lysaker, Morris D Bell, Lisa Dixon, Paul Margolies, Matthew Gold, Elizabeth Golden-Roose, Warren Thime, Lawrence C Haber, Michael J Dewberry, Michael Stevens, Godfrey D Pearlson, Joanna M Fiszdon
This study introduces a computerized clinical decision-support tool, the Fluid Outpatient Rehabilitation Treatment (FORT), that incorporates individual and ever-evolving patient needs to guide clinicians in developing and updating treatment decisions in real-time. In this proof-of-concept feasibility pilot, FORT was compared against traditional treatment planning using similar behavioral therapies in 52 adults with severe mental illness attending community-based day treatment. At posttreatment and follow-up, group differences and moderate-to-large effect sizes favoring FORT were detected in social function, work readiness, self-esteem, working memory, processing speed, and mental flexibility...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990719/japanese-outreach-model-project-for-patients-who-have-difficulty-maintaining-contact-with-mental-health-services-comparison-of-care-between-higher-functioning-and-lower-functioning-groups
#14
Aki Tsunoda, Yoshifumi Kido, Mami Kayama
AIM: The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare sponsored the current examination of a new community mental health service, the Japan Outreach Model Project (JOMP), for persons with mental illnesses and who find it difficult to continue with ongoing treatment. Shorter readmission rates and hospital stays were found. In this study, the amount and type of care that were delivered by the JOMP were examined in order to inform the process of establishing the public insurance system...
October 9, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988045/prescribing-practices-in-southeastern-europe-focus-on-benzodiazepine-prescription-at-discharge-from-nine-university-psychiatric-hospitals
#15
Nadja P Maric, Milan Latas, Sanja Andric Petrovic, Ivan Soldatovic, Slavica Arsova, Danijel Crnkovic, Dragoslava Gugleta, Aleksandar Ivezic, Vladimir Janjic, Dalibor Karlovic, Dusica Lecic Tosevski, Alma Mihaljevic-Peles, Antoni Novotni, Bojana Pejuskovic, Branimir Radmanovic, Djendji Siladji Mladenovic, Violeta M Slavkovic, Zoran Stimac, Olivera Zikic
There is much concern about the widespread long-term use of benzodiazepines. Our manuscript addressed its use in the region of Southeastern Europe, which seems extensive, but insufficiently explored. At nine university psychiatric hospitals (Croatia, Macedonia and Serbia), we retrospectively analyzed discharge summary documents to find the prevalence of discharge benzodiazepine prescriptions and the prescribed benzodiazepine doses. This study included 1047 adult subjects and showed that 81.9% of them had benzodiazepines prescribed in the discharge summary document, with high mean daily dose of around 5mg lorazepam equivalents...
September 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987290/medical-student-experiences-on-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-rotations-a-nationwide-survey
#16
Fremonta Meyer, Omair Abbasi, David Kasick, Kewchang Lee, Christine Pelic, Jennifer Zinser, Thomas Harris, Margo Funk
BACKGROUND: Consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry clerkship rotations may improve medical students' understanding of psychiatric principles relevant to the settings in which they will ultimately practice. This study aimed to characterize students' experiences on C-L rotations. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study, sponsored by the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine Subcommittee on Medical Student Education, was conducted at 5 US medical schools between 2012 and 2016...
August 2, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985876/the-readability-of-psychosocial-wellness-patient-resources-improving-surgical-outcomes
#17
Meredith A Kugar, Adam C Cohen, William Wooden, Sunil S Tholpady, Michael W Chu
BACKGROUND: Patient education is increasingly accessed with online resources and is essential for patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. The average American adult reads at a seventh grade level, and the National Institute of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) recommend that information be written at a sixth-grade reading level. Health literacy plays an important role in the disease course and outcomes of all patients, including those with depression and likely other psychiatric disorders, although this is an area in need of further study...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984528/antidepressant-use-in-late-gestation-and-breastfeeding-rates-at-discharge-from-hospital
#18
Catherine Leggett, Lynn Costi, Janna L Morrison, Vicki L Clifton, Luke E Grzeskowiak
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated breastfeeding outcomes among women exposed to antidepressants. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate the association between antidepressant use in late gestation and maternal psychiatric illness on breastfeeding rates at discharge from hospital. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of 32,662 women delivering live-born singletons between January 2001 and December 2008. Electronic hospital records were used to obtain data on antidepressant exposure during late gestation and whether mothers were breastfeeding at discharge from hospital following delivery...
November 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984170/perceived-sources-and-levels-of-stress-general-self-efficacy-and-coping-strategies-in-preclinical-dental-students
#19
Nilüfer Ersan, Semanur Dölekoğlu, Erdoğan Fişekçioğlu, Mehmet İlgüy, İnci Oktay
Dental education programs are known to be highly stressful and stress can affect general health. The aims were to identify sources of stress among preclinical students and to evaluate their perceived levels of stress, self-efficacy and effective coping strategies in a private dental school. One hundred preclinical students in a Turkish private dental school were surveyed using dental environment stress (DES), perceived stress (PSS), general self-efficacy (G-SES) and brief coping scales (Brief-COPE). Age, gender, history of psychiatric treatment, factors that affected the choice of dentistry, choice rank of dental school, scholarship and income was recorded...
October 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983767/psychiatric-management-administration-and-leadership-a-continuum-or-distinct-concepts
#20
REVIEW
Sy Atezaz Saeed, Stuart Silver, Victor J A Buwalda, Eindra Khin Khin, Jorge R Petit, Farooq Mohyuddin, Pamela Weinberg, Joseph P Merlino, Nena Lekwauwa, Saul Levin
To clarify the relationship between the concepts of management, administration, and leadership in psychiatry. The authors provide a review of the conceptual evolution of administrative psychiatry and develop operational definitions of these three domains. Based upon their experiences, they discuss relevant core competencies and personal attributes. The authors found that the terms psychiatric management, psychiatric administration, and psychiatric leadership are often used interchangeably, yet they each have a different and distinct focus...
October 6, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
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