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Psychiatric education

Valerie Tobin, Walter O Bockting, Tonda L Hughes
The current study uses an ecological model of biopsychosocial vulnerability to guide the description of risk and protective factors for the mental health of gender minority (i.e., transgender and gender non-conforming) adolescents at the individual, family, community, and societal levels. Minority stress is the vulnerability of youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) to adverse mental health outcomes due to stigma. In addition, unlike cisgender (non-transgender) LGB individuals, gender minorities may experience internal stress related to gender dysphoria...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Tarja Heiskanen, Risto P Roine, Eija Kalso
Background The prevalence of chronic non-malignant pain in developed countries is high, ranging from 14% to 50%. Patients with chronic pain are active users of health-care services and they report impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) when compared with the general population. Psychological distress has been identified as one of the risk factors for pain chronicity. Depression, anxiety and negative beliefs are associated with pain interference and perceived disability. Multidisciplinary pain management (MPM) aims to rehabilitating chronic pain patients by addressing both physical, psychological, social and occupational factors related to the pain problem...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
P Soini, A Valjakka, S Tuurinkoski, M Elomaa, T Väänänen, V Hägg
AimsThe training includes learning the practical skills related to the psychological examination, treatment and rehabilitation of pain patients. The completion of the training prepares for work in multiprofessional teams as a specialist in pain psychology. A joint project of the Finnish Association of the Study of Pain and the Psychology Institute since 2008. ParticipantsPsychologists working in public, private or occupational health care, in rehabilitation or psychiatric clinics. The fourth training group of 20 psychologists started in the spring of 2012...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Benjamin Walter Jack Spencer, Tania Gergel, Matthew Hotopf, Gareth S Owen
BACKGROUND: Consent to research with decision-making capacity for research (DMC-R) is normally a requirement for study participation. Although the symptoms of schizophrenia and related psychoses are known to affect decision-making capacity for treatment (DMC-T), we know little about their effect on DMC-R.AimsWe aimed to determine if DMC-R differs from DMC-T in proportion and associated symptoms in an in-patient sample of people with schizophrenia and related psychoses. METHOD: Cross-sectional study of psychiatric in-patients admitted for assessment and/or treatment of schizophrenia and related psychoses...
June 18, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Gin-Liang Chee, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
INTRODUCTION: Registered nurses working in the area of mental health complete either a psychiatric/mental health or comprehensive/generalist nursing program, and their education preparation influences their physical health care nursing practices. The differences in educational preparation may be a contributory factor to nurses' delivery of physical health care to young people experiencing first episode psychosis. This paper addresses an identified gap in nursing practices related to physical health care of young mental health service users...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: Physical inactivity is a major public health problem associated with an increased risk of several psychiatric and physical conditions. This study investigated the association between leisure time physical activity (PA) and incident use of prescription tranquilizers in a regionally representative and prospective cohort. METHODS: A total of 4043 men and women (mean age: 61.3 years; 57% women) from the Tromsø Study were followed for six years. Leisure time PA was captured at baseline...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Yann C Klimentidis, David A Raichlen, Jennifer Bea, David O Garcia, Nathan E Wineinger, Lawrence J Mandarino, Gene E Alexander, Zhao Chen, Scott B Going
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) protects against a wide range of diseases. Habitual PA appears to be heritable, motivating the search for specific genetic variants that may inform efforts to promote PA and target the best type of PA for each individual. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used data from the UK Biobank to perform the largest genome-wide association study of PA to date, using three measures based on self-report (nmax  = 377,234) and two measures based on wrist-worn accelerometry data (nmax  = 91,084)...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Sailaxmi Gandhi, Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, Nagarajaiah, Marimutthu Palaniappan, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess nurses' knowledge, attitude and practice towards using physical restraints among psychiatric patients. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional survey was carried out among conveniently selected sample of nurses working in psychiatry departments at a tertiary care center. The data was collected using self reported questionnaires of Suen. RESULTS: The findings revealed that nurses had good knowledge (7.2±1.7, maximum posible=11), favorable attitudes 30...
February 2018: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Ashley Ariail, Elizabeth Carpenter, Twyala Smith, Briana Sacco
Eating disorders are prevalent in the pediatric population yet underdiagnosed by pediatric health care professionals. The gold standard of care consists of a multidisciplinary team approach including a therapist, registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN), and psychiatrist, combined with family-centered treatment. Although families do not cause eating disorders, they are essential to a child's recovery from an eating disorder. Psychoeducation, supportive limit setting, processing relational dynamics, and externalizing the eating disorder are therapeutic interventions used in the treatment of an eating disorder...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Nikos Karfakis
This paper argues that Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) constitutes a biopolitical problem, a scientific object which needs to be studied, classified and regulated. Assemblages of authorities, knowledges and techniques make CFS/ME subjects and shape their everyday conduct in an attempt to increase their supposed autonomy, wellbeing and health. CFS and CFS/ME identities are however made not only through government, scientific, and medical interventions but also by the patients themselves, a biosocial community who collaborates with scientists, educates itself about the intricacies of biomedicine, and contests psychiatric truth claims...
June 8, 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Dzmitry Krupchanka, Karolína Mladá, Petr Winkler, Yasser Khazaal, Emiliano Albanese
BACKGROUND: The region of central and eastern Europe is estimated to have high rates of premature mortality due to mental disorders. However, epidemiological evidence is scarce and insufficient to inform policy actions and health system development. We aimed to assess mortality associated with mental disorders in the Czech Republic. METHODS: We did a nationwide, register-based, retrospective cohort study using routinely collected health data from two nationwide registries in the Czech Republic: the register of inpatient discharges (from Jan 1, 1994, to Dec 31, 2013) and the causes of death registry (from Jan 1, 1994, to Dec 31, 2014)...
June 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Nadja P Maric, Sanja Andric Petrovic, Andrea Raballo, Martina Rojnic-Kuzman, Joachim Klosterkötter, Anita Riecher-Rössler
AIM: Early detection/early intervention (ED/EI) programmes have been inconsistently implemented throughout Europe. We evaluated the ED/EI service distribution in European Psychiatric Association (EPA) member countries, considering indicators of socio-economic development, human and financial resources allocated in mental health (MH) as well as presence of a national branch of the Early Intervention in MH (IEPA). Contextually, we evaluated the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) in relation to ED/EI service implementation...
June 8, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
S LaBianca, A K Pagsberg, K D Jakobsen, A B Demur, M Bartalan, J LaBianca, T Werge
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) frequently co-occur and show high genetic correlation. With the introduction of DSM-5, there is a new concept of an ASD and/or ADHD spectrum (ASD/ADHD). This study aimed to identify predictors of severity and need of healthcare within this spectrum. 39 families with multiple individuals affected by ASD/ADHD were recruited from a psychiatric clinic. Diagnoses, functional and demographic characteristics were retrieved from journals while hospital admissions were identified in the Danish health register...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Ashley K Hagaman, Seema Khadka, Amber Wutich, Shyam Lohani, Brandon A Kohrt
South Asia accounts for the majority of the world's suicide deaths, but typical psychiatric or surveillance-based research approaches are limited due to incomplete vital surveillance. Despite rich anthropological scholarship in the region, such work has not been used to address public health gaps in surveillance and nor inform prevention programs designed based on surveillance data. Our goal was to leverage useful strategies from both public health and anthropological approaches to provide rich narrative reconstructions of suicide events, told by family members or loved ones of the deceased, to further contextualize the circumstances of suicide...
June 7, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Rachel E Lean, Cynthia E Rogers, Rachel A Paul, Emily D Gerstein
Purpose of review: Parents of infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) experience psychological distress, loss of the parenting role, and disruptions to parent-infant bonding. The inclusion of evidence-based practices to address these challenges in the NICU has largely been based upon short-term improvements in parent and infant functioning. However, less is known regarding the extent to which family-based interventions may also be associated with longer-term parenting behaviors and children's neurobehavioral outcomes...
March 2018: Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics
Marine Goize, Delphine Dellacherie, Pauline Pincin, Audrey Henry, Serge Bakchine, Nathalie Ehrlé
We studied the comprehension abilities of healthy participants with a French version of the Chapman-Cook Speed of Reading Test. The objective was to assess the effect of gender, age and educational level on chronometric performances and errors. In this test, the task is to cross out an inappropriate word within short passages. In the original version, the participant is told to perform as quickly as possible during 150 seconds. The score is usually the number of passages correctly completed within this time limit...
June 1, 2018: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Maurizio Bonati, Massimo Cartabia, Michele Zanetti, Laura Reale, Anna Didoni, Maria Antonella Costantino
A number of worldwide studies have demonstrated that children born later in the school year are more likely to receive an ADHD diagnosis than their same school-year peers. There is, however, variation in findings between countries. We aimed to confirm whether relative age is associated with ADHD diagnosis, with or without comorbidities, and to investigate whether relative age is associated with ADHD type and severity, and if this age relationship is in common with other neurodevelopmental disorder. We used the Lombardy Region's ADHD registry...
June 6, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Danijela Vojtikiv-Samoilovska, Anita Arsovska
BACKGROUND: Although post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common neuro-psychiatric consequence after a stroke there is still some obscurity regarding its aetiology and risk factors, which complicates its management. A better knowledge of the predictors will enable better prevention and treatment. AIM: The aim of this work was the identification of the risk factors for PSD, typical for the Macedonian population, which will help in early prediction, timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Anna L Westermair, Anne M Stoll, Wiebke Greggersen, Kai G Kahl, Michael Hüppe, Ulrich Schweiger
Adverse childhood experiences have consistently been linked with poor mental and somatic health in adulthood. However, due to methodological restraints of the main lines of research using cumulative or selective models, little is known about the differential impact of different dimensions of adverse childhood experiences. Therefore, we gathered data from 396 psychiatric in-patients on the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) questionnaire, extracted dimensions using factor analysis and compared this dimensional model of adverse childhood experiences to cumulative and selective models...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Martin P Nilsson, Erik D Nilsson, Barbro Silfverberg, Åke Borg, Niklas Loman
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate predictors of testing uptake among unselected breast cancer patients who were offered germline BRCA1/2 testing in a prospective study. METHODS: Pretest information was provided by a standardized invitation letter instead of in-person counseling. Data was abstracted from medical records. Using multivariate logistic regressions, predictors of testing uptake were analyzed. RESULTS: The overall uptake of testing was 67% (539 of 805 patients)...
June 6, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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