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Psychiatric education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108580/chronic-conditions-and-health-care-needs-of-adolescents-born-at-23-to-25-weeks-gestation
#1
Antti Holsti, Marie Adamsson, Bruno Hägglöf, Aijaz Farooqi, Fredrik Serenius
OBJECTIVE: We examined chronic conditions, functional limitations, and special health care needs in extremely preterm children (EPT; 23-25 weeks' gestation) born between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: Of 134 surviving EPT children, 132 (98%) were assessed at 10 to 15 years of age alongside 103 term-born controls. Identification of children with functional limitations and special health care needs was based on a questionnaire administered to parents...
January 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104053/psychiatric-nurses-attitude-and-practice-toward-physical-restraint
#2
Amal Sobhy Mahmoud
AIM: This study was to assess psychiatric nurses' attitude and practice toward physical restraint among mentally ill patients. METHODS: A descriptive research design was used to achieve the study objective. The present study was carried out in three specialized governmental mental hospitals and two psychiatric wards in general hospital. A convenient purposive sample of 96 nurses who were working in the previously mentioned setting was included. The tool used for data collection was the Self-Administered Structured Questionnaire; it included three parts: The first comprised items concerned with demographic characteristics of the nurses, the second comprised 10 item measuring nurses' attitudes toward physical restraint, and the third was used to assess nurses' practices regarding use of physical restraint...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103871/a-descriptive-survey-study-of-violence-management-and-priorities-among-psychiatric-staff-in-mental-health-services-across-seventeen-european-countries
#3
Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire
BACKGROUND: In mental health services what is commonplace across international frontiers is that to prevent aggressive patients from harming themselves, other patients or staff, coercive measures and foremost, violence management strategies are required. There is no agreement, recommendations or direction from the EU on which measures of coercion should be practiced across EU countries, and there is no overall one best practice approach. METHODS: The project was conceived through an expert group, the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100138/perceptions-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-correctional-health-care-providers
#4
Christine Costa, Pamela Lusk
Collaborative practice is a health care standard that improves patient outcomes through maximizing the use of resources and mutual work of all health care providers. Since collaborative practice depends on interdisciplinary communication, effective communication training for health care participants is imperative for success. This article presents the results of research that studied perceptions of interdisciplinary communication and collaborative practice among 24 health care personnel in three correctional facilities in Orange County, California...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093568/gwas-meta-analysis-reveals-novel-loci-and-genetic-correlates-for-general-cognitive-function-a-report-from-the-cogent-consortium
#5
J W Trampush, M L Z Yang, J Yu, E Knowles, G Davies, D C Liewald, J M Starr, S Djurovic, I Melle, K Sundet, A Christoforou, I Reinvang, P DeRosse, A J Lundervold, V M Steen, T Espeseth, K Räikkönen, E Widen, A Palotie, J G Eriksson, I Giegling, B Konte, P Roussos, S Giakoumaki, K E Burdick, A Payton, W Ollier, M Horan, O Chiba-Falek, D K Attix, A C Need, E T Cirulli, A N Voineskos, N C Stefanis, D Avramopoulos, A Hatzimanolis, D E Arking, N Smyrnis, R M Bilder, N A Freimer, T D Cannon, E London, R A Poldrack, F W Sabb, E Congdon, E D Conley, M A Scult, D Dickinson, R E Straub, G Donohoe, D Morris, A Corvin, M Gill, A R Hariri, D R Weinberger, N Pendleton, P Bitsios, D Rujescu, J Lahti, S Le Hellard, M C Keller, O A Andreassen, I J Deary, D C Glahn, A K Malhotra, T Lencz
The complex nature of human cognition has resulted in cognitive genomics lagging behind many other fields in terms of gene discovery using genome-wide association study (GWAS) methods. In an attempt to overcome these barriers, the current study utilized GWAS meta-analysis to examine the association of common genetic variation (~8M single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) with minor allele frequency ⩾1%) to general cognitive function in a sample of 35 298 healthy individuals of European ancestry across 24 cohorts in the Cognitive Genomics Consortium (COGENT)...
January 17, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093058/off-label-prescribing-of-psychotropic-medication-2005-2013-an-examination-of-potential-influences
#6
Peggy L O'Brien, Nicholas Cummings, Tami L Mark
OBJECTIVE: This study examined rates of psychotropic prescriptions for various on- and off-label uses in 2005 and 2013 in the context of changes in labeled indications. METHODS: The National Disease and Therapeutic Index, a survey of nationally representative office-based physicians that identifies the diagnosis attached to each prescription, was used to capture the number of psychiatric medications prescribed for a particular diagnosis in 2005 (N=4,120) and 2013 (N=4,140)...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092790/comparison-of-quality-of-life-in-homeless-and-non-homeless-chinese-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Xiao-Lan Cao, Yan-Nan Fu, Fu-Jun Jia, Helen F K Chiu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Cai-Lan Hou, Yong-Qiang Lin, Xiao-Bin Zhong, Xiang-Min Liu, Larina C L Yim, Yu-Tao Xiang
To date, there are no data on quality of life (QOL) and its correlates in homeless Chinese patients with psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to compare QOL between homeless and non-homeless patients with psychiatric disorders in China. A total of 278 homeless and 222 non-homeless patients matched in age and gender were consecutively recruited. Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected from medical records. A clinical interview was conducted using standardized instruments. The physical and mental QOL in both groups were lower than the normative data for Chinese general population, but there was no significant difference in any QOL domain between the two groups...
January 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088991/prevention-and-management-of-glucocorticoid-induced-side-effects-a-comprehensive-review-ocular-cardiovascular-muscular-and-psychiatric-side-effects-and-issues-unique-to-pediatric-patients
#8
REVIEW
Avrom Caplan, Nicole Fett, Misha Rosenbach, Victoria P Werth, Robert G Micheletti
The final article in this 4-part continuing medical education series reviews the ocular, cardiovascular, muscular, and psychiatric side effects of glucocorticoids and discusses side effects unique to pediatric patients.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#9
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076689/national-organization-of-nurse-practitioner-faculties
#10
Dawn M Vanderhoef, Kathleen R Delaney
BACKGROUND: No data exist about how directors of psychiatric mental health (PMH) graduate nurse practitioner (NP) programs have dealt with moving their programs to a lifespan model. It is equally unclear as to how many programs have changed to a doctor of nursing practice (DNP) level of clinical education. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this survey was to gather data on the state of graduate PMH NP education as they align with regulatory models. DESIGN: A brief survey was sent via e-mail to 118 program directors of PMH NP programs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074354/parent-reported-developmental-regression-in-autism-epilepsy-iq-schizophrenia-spectrum-symptoms-and-special-education
#11
Kenneth D Gadow, Greg Perlman, Rebecca J Weber
Examined the psychiatric and clinical correlates of loss of previously acquired skills (regression) as reported by parents of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Study sample comprised 6- to 18-year old (N = 213) children and adolescents with ASD. Parents reported regression in 77 (36%) youth. A more homogeneous subgroup with regression between 18 and 36 months (n = 48) had higher rates of intellectual disability, epilepsy, and special education, more socially restrictive educational settings, and more severe ASD communication deficits and schizophrenia spectrum symptoms than non-regressed youth (n = 136)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070197/a-survey-on-the-prevalence-of-depression-in-blood-donors-with-hepatitis-c-in-shiraz
#12
Leila Kasraian, Neda Negarestani, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Sahar Dehbidi
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder associated with hepatitis C. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to survey the prevalence rate of depression in patients with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) before they were aware of their HCV test result. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all blood donors with confirmed positive HCV test results who donated blood between March 21, 2012 to March 21, 2013 at Fars blood transfusion center in Iran as case group and age- and sex-matched blood donors with negative screening test results as control group...
November 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069897/impact-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-gene-and-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-on-female-sexuality
#13
Anastasia K Armeni, Konstantinos Assimakopoulos, Dimitra J Marioli, Vasiliki Koika, Eftychia Michailidou, Niki Mourtzi, Gregoris Iconomou, Neoklis A Georgopoulos
Over the past decades, research attention has increasingly been paid to the neurobiological component of sexual behaviour. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) gene polymorphism (rs2234693-PvuII) (T→C substitution) and oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism (rs53576) (G→A substitution) with sexuality parameters of young, healthy women. One hundred thirty-three Greek heterosexual women, students in higher education institutions, 20-25 years of age, sexually active, with normal menstrual cycles (28-35 days), were recruited in the study...
January 9, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069620/prenatal-exposure-to-antiepileptic-drugs-and-use-of-primary-healthcare-during-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-denmark
#14
Anne Mette Würtz, Dorte Rytter, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Jakob Christensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) has been associated with adverse outcomes in the offspring such as congenital malformations and neuropsychiatric disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate whether prenatal exposure to AEDs is also associated with more frequent use of primary healthcare during childhood. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide national registers in Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: All live-born singletons in Denmark during 1997-2012 identified in the Danish National Patient Register and followed until 31 December 2013 (n=963 010)...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066008/revisiting-profile-of-deliberate-self-harm-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-after-an-interval-of-10-years
#15
Paramjeet Singh, Raghav Shah, Purav Midha, Ajitabh Soni, Sunil Bagotia, Kusum Lata Gaur
CONTEXT: Sociocultural factors complement psychopathological factors that result in deliberate self-harm (DSH). A study of change in these factors over time is essential for preventive action. AIMS: To identify factors influencing DSH, which have shown significant variation over a period of 10 years. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Two hospital-based cross-sectional analytic types of observational studies were performed at two different times at an interval of 10 years...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058225/psychological-perspective-of-medication-adherence-in-transplantation
#16
Concetta De Pasquale, Massimiliano Veroux, Michele Fornaro, Nunzia Sinagra, Giusi Basile, Cecilia Gozzo, Roberta Santini, Alessandra Costa, Maria Luisa Pistorio
AIM: To identify the risk factors and the post-transplant psychological symptoms that affect adherence to therapy in a population of kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: The study examined the psychological variables likely responsible for the non-adherent behavior using a psychological-psychiatric assessment, evaluation of the perception of patients' health status, and an interview regarding the anti-rejection drug therapy assumption. The study included 74 kidney transplant recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056012/growth-after-late-preterm-birth-and-adult-cognitive-academic-and-mental-health-outcomes
#17
Sara Sammallahti, Kati Heinonen, Sture Andersson, Marius Lahti, Sami Pirkola, Jari Lahti, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Aulikki Lano, Dieter Wolke, Johan G Eriksson, Eero Kajantie, Katri Raikkonen
BACKGROUND: Late-preterm birth (at 34(0/7)-36(6/7) weeks' gestation) increases the risk of early growth faltering, poorer neurocognitive functioning, and lower socio-economic attainment. Among early-preterm individuals, faster early growth benefits neurodevelopment, but it remains unknown whether these benefits extend to late-preterm individuals. METHODS: In 108 late-preterm individuals, we examined if weight, head, or length growth between birth, 5 and 20 months' corrected age, and 56 months, predicted grade point average and special education in comprehensive school, or neurocognitive abilities and psychiatric diagnoses/symptoms at 24-26 years of age...
January 5, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051841/a-review-of-a-national-training-initiative-to-increase-provider-use-of-mat-to-address-the-opioid-epidemic
#18
REVIEW
Frances R Levin, Adam Bisaga, Maria A Sullivan, Arthur Robin Williams, Kathryn Cates-Wessel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Providers' Clinical Support System for Medication Assisted Treatment (PCSS-MAT) initiative focuses on training and mentoring health professionals in the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) using pharmacological strategies. Led by the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP), PCSS-MAT is a consortium representing four of the five national professional organizations authorized by DATA 2,000-AAAP, American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine, American Psychiatric Association, and American Society of Addiction Medicine...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045882/longitudinal-study-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-community-risk-and-recovery-factors
#19
Bojana Pejuskovic, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Oliver Toskovic
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a multicausal phenomenon and a final end point of the combination of a number of potential causes. Our study aimed to examine potential risk and recovery factors of PTSD in general adult population at 1-year follow-up period. The sample consisted of 640 subjects in the initial phase, chosen by random walk technique in five regions of the country, and 100 in the follow-up. The assessment has been carried out by the following instruments: Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Life Stressor Checklist-Revised, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life Scale...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031028/enablers-and-barriers-to-implementing-collaborative-care-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-systematic-qualitative-review
#20
REVIEW
Gritt Overbeck, Annette Sofie Davidsen, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard
BACKGROUND: Collaborative care is an increasingly popular approach for improving quality of care for people with mental health problems through an intensified and structured collaboration between primary care providers and health professionals with specialized psychiatric expertise. Trials have shown significant positive effects for patients suffering from depression, but since collaborative care is a complex intervention, it is important to understand the factors which affect its implementation...
December 28, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
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