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Non surgical cosmetic surgery

Mehra Golshan, Constance T Cirrincione, William M Sikov, Lisa A Carey, Donald A Berry, Beth Overmoyer, Nora L Henry, George Somlo, Elisa Port, Harold J Burstein, Clifford Hudis, Eric Winer, David W Ollila
OBJECTIVE: It had been previously shown that patients who receive neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) are more likely to undergo breast-conserving therapy (BCT) than those who have primary surgery. However, the frequency with which patients who are not BCT-eligible prior to NST convert to BCT-eligible with treatment is unknown. To document this conversion rate in a subset of patients expected to have a high clinical response rate to NST, we studied surgical assessment and management of patients enrolled on a randomized neoadjuvant trial for stage II-III HER2-positive breast cancer (HER2 + BC)(CALGB 40601)...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Wojciech Golusinski
Anatomically, the oropharynx can be divided into four subsites: the soft palate, pharyngeal wall, base of tongue, and the tonsillar complex. Surgical access to these tumours is often challenging due to the anatomic localization. For this reason, such tumours were traditionally managed with open surgical techniques, usually involving a mandibulotomy, to provide better visualization and access to the oropharynx, followed by free-flap reconstruction of the oropharyngeal defect. However, the invasiveness of this approach could lead to significant morbidity, including speech, swallowing, and airway dysfunction, in addition to poor cosmetic outcomes...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Nathan Y Hoy, Keith F Rourke
OBJECTIVES: To describe the spectrum of adult presentations with hypospadias-related complications and examine the effect of childhood surgical repair on these adult presentations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review over a 10-year period, from Aug. 2004-Dec. 2014, demonstrated 93 adult patients who presented to a reconstructive urologist with complications related to hypospadias. Patients were divided into two groups: those with no prior hypospadias surgery (Group 1, N=19) and those who underwent surgical correction as a child (Group 2, N=74)...
September 27, 2016: Urology
Jun Li, Qian Li, Bei Zhou, Yanli Gao, Jiehua Ma, Jingyun Li
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic surgery is becoming increasingly popular in China. However, reports on the predictive factors for cosmetic surgery in Chinese individuals are scarce in the literature. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 4550 cosmetic surgeries performed from January 2010 to December 2014 at a single center in China. Data collection included patient demographics and type of cosmetic surgery. Predictive factors were age, sex, marital status, occupational status, educational degree, and having had children...
2016: SpringerPlus
S Humphrey, K Beleznay, J D A Beleznay
The chin and jaw line are integral parts of an individual's aesthetic profile, and the presence of submental fat detracts from this and can lead to displeasure with one's facial appearance. While liposuction and cosmetic surgery are regarded as the gold standard in treating submental fat, surgical intervention is not appealing to all patients and has potential surgical complications including longer recovery, and contour irregularities. Despite ample advances in aesthetic medicine to enhance the appearance of the face, very little is available in non-invasive options to reduce submental fat that has been supported by robust evidence...
September 2016: Skin Therapy Letter
Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Mohammad Taghi Imani, Sina Kardeh, Mehrab Mohammad Karami, Masoomeh Kherad
BACKGROUND: Unlike congenital auricular malformations which are identified by underdevelopment of dermal and cartilaginous tissues, deformed ears are less sever congenital anomalies characterized only by a misshaped pinna structure and can be improved with acceptable cosmetic results and minimal cost through ear molding if treated in early neonatal period. In this study, authors present the first report of using splinting techniques for treatment of deformational auricular anomalies in Iranian children...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Anant Shukla, Matthew Stringer, Pansy Uberoi, Steven Hudak, George Kallingal
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare intraepithelial adenocarcinoma arising from apocrine glands. We describe an innovative surgical technique to manage extensive cutaneous malignancies in a notoriously challenging location. The patient is a 78-year-old male who presented with 'jock itch' on his left groin refractory to topical treatment. A shave biopsy of the lesion demonstrated non-invasive EMPD which yielded a urology consult. Rather than the standard wide local excision (WLE), which can lead to positive margins, progression, and recurrence, we used a modified the Mohs technique and staged the procedure, providing excellent oncologic and cosmetic outcomes...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
Gerd Hoffmann, Mark Hartel, James B Mercer
BACKGROUND: Water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) is a special form of heat radiation with high tissue penetration and a low thermal load to the skin surface. wIRA corresponds to the major part of the sun's heat radiation, which reaches the surface of the Earth in moderate climatic zones filtered by water and water vapour of the atmosphere. wIRA promotes healing of acute and chronic wounds both by thermal and thermic as well as by non-thermal and non-thermic cellular effects. METHODS: This publication includes a literature review with search in PubMed/Medline for "water-filtered infrared-A" and "wound"/"ulcus" or "wassergefiltertes Infrarot A" and "Wunde"/"Ulkus", respectively (publications in English and German), and additional analysis of study data...
2016: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Chrysanthi Aggeli, Alexander M Nixon, Ioannis Karoumpalis, Gregory Kaltsas, George N Zografos
Insulinomas are the most common functioning neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas, occurring in almost 1-4 per 1 million persons each year. In contrast to other pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, they are usually benign and solitary at the time of diagnosis. Due to their benign nature, surgical excision is the treatment of choice, with excellent long-term results. The introduction of minimally invasive techniques in the surgical treatment of insulinoma has been gaining popularity due to shorter length of hospital stay and better cosmetic results, with serious complications being comparable to those of open surgery...
April 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sergio Fernández-Cossío, María Jesús Rodríguez-Dintén, Francisco Gude, José Manuel Fernández-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: The use of topical vasoconstrictors is a common practice in nasal surgery. These agents reduce bleeding and enable a good surgical field. Topical cocaine and epinephrine, which are frequently used in cosmetic rhinoplasty, are considered safe and effective, but secondary effects have been described. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the benefits and risks of epinephrine and cocaine employed as topical vasoconstrictive agents in cosmetic rhinoplasty. METHODS: This prospective non-randomised study included 65 consecutive female patients undergoing primary closed rhinoplasty...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Hans Hendrik Karel Delye, Sebastian Arts, Wilfred Ary Borstlap, Laura Mirjam Blok, Jacques Jan Driessen, Jene Willem Meulstee, Thomas Jan Jaap Maal, Erik Jan van Lindert
INTRODUCTION: An evaluation of our first 111 consecutive cases of non-syndromic endoscopically assisted craniosynostosis surgery (EACS) followed by helmet therapy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registration database was performed. Age, duration of surgery, length of hospital stay, blood loss, transfusion rate, cephalic index and duration of helmet therapy were evaluated. An online questionnaire was used to evaluate the burden of the helmet therapy for the child and parents...
August 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Laurent Brunaud, Zhen Li, Klaas Van Den Heede, Thomas Cuny, Sam Van Slycke
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is one of the most common endocrine disorders for which parathyroidectomy is the most effective therapy. Until late 1970s, the standard approach to parathyroidectomy was a four-gland exploration using a large skin incision. However, 80 to 85 percent of cases of PHPT are caused by a single adenoma. As such, the concept of performing a bilateral exploration in order to visualize all four glands has been argued to be excessive since in the majority of cases, there is only one abnormal gland...
June 2016: Gland Surgery
V Duquennoy-Martinot, N Aljudaibi, A Belkhou, C Depoortère, P Guerreschi
Cosmetic surgery for children and adolescents experiencing an international increase. Their physical and psychological development is incomplete; establishment of an indication for cosmetic surgery requires several essential prerequisites. The motivations of surgery, often multiple and intricate, must be understood. There is a difference in motivation between adult, trying to be more "competitive" and the young patient, wishing to comply with a social group to integrate. We must identify who made the request to respond to requests from the child himself...
June 8, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Luis Angel Medina Andrade, Franz Yeudiel Pérez Muñoz, María Valeria Jiménez Báez, Stephanie Serrano Collazos, Maria de Los Angeles Martinez Ferretiz, Brenda Ruiz, Oscar Montes, Stephanie Woolf, Jessica Gonzalez Noriega, Uriel Maldonado Aparicio, Israel Gonzalez Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy is the most frequent and urgent gastrointestinal surgery. Overtime, the surgical techniques have been improved upon, in order to reduce complications, get better cosmetic results, and limit the discomfort associated with this procedure, by its high impact in the surgery departments. The traditional skin closure is associated with a poor cosmetic result and it requires stitches removal, alongside the pain associated with this procedure, and no benefits were demonstrated in the literature regarding separated stitches over intradermic stitch...
November 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Sami K Saikaly, Mark A Rich, Hubert S Swana
OBJECTIVE: The Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) procedure is performed for patients with fecal incontinence and constipation who do not respond to medical therapy. The MACE procedure provides antegrade catheter access to the right colon and allows administration of enemas to help evacuate the bowel regularly. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for surgical complications in children who undergo the MACE procedure. METHOD: Records from 97 pediatric patients who underwent MACE procedure were reviewed retrospectively...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Sumi Westhofen, Lenard Conradi, Tobias Deuse, Christian Detter, Eik Vettorazzi, Hendrik Treede, Hermann Reichenspurner
OBJECTIVES: Advances in video-assistance lead to an increase in minimal access mitral valve surgery (MAMVS) with decreased incision size yet maintaining the same quality of surgery. Further reduction in surgical trauma and at the same time improved visual guidance can be achieved by a non-rib-spreading fully 3D endoscopic technique (NRS-3D). We compared patients who underwent MAMVS either through an NRS fully 3D endoscopic or rib-spreading (RS) access in a retrospective matched-pair analysis...
June 3, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Bijan Beigi, Deepak Vayalambrone, Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Peter Prinsley, Jan Saada
PURPOSE: To present a technique to improve the surgical treatment of frontal sinus mucocele and its recurrence. METHODS: Nine procedures performed on eight patients by a team of ENT and Ophthalmic orbital surgeons. Data collected included patient demographics, surgical details, pathological findings and complications. The surgical technique involved an external approach via the upper eyelid skin crease combined with an internal approach with a rigid 4 mm endoscope described below...
March 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Kyu-Won Shim, Eun-Kyung Park, Ju-Seong Kim, Yong-Oock Kim, Dong-Seok Kim
Craniosynostosis is the premature fusion of calvarial sutures, resulting in deformed craniofacial appearance. Hence, for a long time, it has been considered an aesthetic disorder. Fused sutures restrict growth adjacent to the suture, but compensatory skull growth occurs to accommodate the growing brain. The primary goal for the management of this craniofacial deformity has been to release the constricted skull and reform the distorted shape of the skull vault. However, the intellectual and behavioral prognosis of affected children has also been taken into consideration since the beginning of the modern era of surgical management of craniosynostosis...
May 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Patrick Lorimer, Zvonimir Milas
Most cutaneous malignancies of the head and neck (HN) are non-melanoma skin cancers, predominantly basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Less common entities include Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), sebaceous carcinoma (SC), and angiosarcoma. Treatment is based on histology subtype, stage, and extent of involvement. Surgery is the primary means of treatment and includes wide local excision, Mohs micrographic surgery, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and cervical lymphadenectomy. Multidisciplinary management including radiation and targeted chemotherapy are critical adjuncts to surgery...
June 2016: Seminars in Oncology
Se Hyun Paek, Kyung Ho Kang, Hyun Kang, Sung Jun Park
BACKGROUND: Robotic thyroid surgery using the da Vinci surgical system has certain cosmetic advantages; however, the invasiveness of robotic thyroid surgery is still a concern to many surgeons. Previous research has not directly compared the surgical stress of robotic thyroidectomy with that of conventional open surgery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate surgical stress using postsurgical measurements of several clinical markers. METHODS: A pilot study was performed to evaluate surgical stress following robotic and open thyroid surgery...
September 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
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