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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821301/space-type-radiation-induces-multimodal-responses-in-the-mouse-gut-microbiome-and-metabolome
#1
David Casero, Kirandeep Gill, Vijayalakshmi Sridharan, Igor Koturbash, Gregory Nelson, Martin Hauer-Jensen, Marjan Boerma, Jonathan Braun, Amrita K Cheema
BACKGROUND: Space travel is associated with continuous low dose rate exposure to high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation. Pathophysiological manifestations after low dose radiation exposure are strongly influenced by non-cytocidal radiation effects, including changes in the microbiome and host gene expression. Although the importance of the gut microbiome in the maintenance of human health is well established, little is known about the role of radiation in altering the microbiome during deep-space travel...
August 18, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820339/emergence-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-sri-lanka-a-newly-established-health-threat
#2
H V Y D Siriwardana, P Karunanayake, L Goonerathne, N D Karunaweera
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is a new focus of human cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by a genetic variant of usually visceralizing parasite Leishmania donovani. Over 3000 cases have been reported to our institution alone, during the past two decades. Recent emergence of visceral leishmaniasis is of concern. METHODS: Patients suspected of having visceral leishmaniasis (n = 120) fulfilling at least two of six criteria (fever > 2 weeks, weight loss, tiredness affecting daily functions, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and anemia) were studied using clinic-epidemiological, immunological and haematological parameters...
August 18, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818812/airborne-ultrafine-particles-in-a-pacific-island-country-characteristics-sources-and-implications-for-human-exposure
#3
C F Isley, P F Nelson, M P Taylor, M Mazaheri, L Morawska, A J Atanacio, E Stelcer, D D Cohen, Anthony L Morrison
The Pacific Islands carry a perception of having clean air, yet emissions from transport and burning activities are of concern in regard to air quality and health. Ultrafine particle number concentrations (PNCs), one of the best metrics to demonstrate combustion emissions, have not been measured either in Suva or elsewhere in the Islands. This work provides insight into PNC variation across Suva and its relationship with particle mass (PM) concentration and composition. Measurements over a short monitoring campaign provide a vignette of conditions in Suva...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817328/lead-content-of-sindoor-a-hindu-religious-powder-and-cosmetic-new-jersey-and-india-2014-2015
#4
Manthan P Shah, Derek G Shendell, Pamela Ohman Strickland, John D Bogden, Francis W Kemp, William Halperin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent of lead content of sindoor, a powder used by Hindus for religious and cultural purposes, which has been linked to childhood lead poisoning when inadvertently ingested. METHODS: We purchased 95 samples of sindoor from 66 South Asian stores in New Jersey and 23 samples from India and analyzed samples with atomic absorption spectrophotometry methods for lead. RESULTS: Analysis determined that 79 (83.2%) sindoor samples purchased in the United States and 18 (78...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817081/multiphysics-simulation-of-low-amplitude-acoustic-wave-detection-by-piezoelectric-wafer-active-sensors-validated-by-in-situ-ae-fatigue-experiment
#5
Md Yeasin Bhuiyan, Victor Giurgiutiu
Piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) are commonly used for detecting Lamb waves for structural health monitoring application. However, in most applications of active sensing, the signals are of high-amplitude and easy to detect. In this article, we have shown a new avenue of using the PWAS transducer for detecting the low-amplitude fatigue-crack related acoustic emission (AE) signals. Multiphysics finite element (FE) simulations were performed with two PWAS transducers bonded to the structure. Various configurations of the sensors were studied by using the simulations...
August 17, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814044/a-survey-of-stakeholder-perspectives-on-a-proposed-combined-exoskeleton-wheelchair-technology
#6
Tim Bhatnagar, W Ben Mortensen, Johanne Mattie, Jamie Wolff, Claire Parker, Jaimie Borisoff
BACKGROUND: Exoskeleton technology has potential benefits for wheelchair users' health and mobility. However, there are practical barriers to their everyday use as a mobility device. In particular, challenges related to travelling longer distances and transitioning between using a wheelchair and exoskeleton walking may present significant deterrents to regular exoskeleton use. In an effort to remove these barriers, a combined exoskeleton-wheelchair concept ('COMBO') has been proposed, which aims to achieve the benefits of both these mobility technologies...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813919/adding-navigation-artificial-audition-and-vital-sign-monitoring-capabilities-to-a-telepresence-mobile-robot-for-remote-home-care-applications
#7
Sebastien Laniel, Dominic Letourneau, Mathieu Labbe, Francois Grondin, Janice Polgar, Francois Michaud
A telepresence mobile robot is a remote-controlled, wheeled device with wireless internet connectivity for bidirectional audio, video and data transmission. In health care, a telepresence robot could be used to have a clinician or a caregiver assist seniors in their homes without having to travel to these locations. Many mobile telepresence robotic platforms have recently been introduced on the market, bringing mobility to telecommunication and vital sign monitoring at reasonable costs. What is missing for making them effective remote telepresence systems for home care assistance are capabilities specifically needed to assist the remote operator in controlling the robot and perceiving the environment through the robot's sensors or, in other words, minimizing cognitive load and maximizing situation awareness...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813541/reflections-on-medical-tourism-from-the-2016-global-healthcare-policy-and-management-forum
#8
Valorie A Crooks, Meghann Ormond, Ki Nam Jin
In October 2016, the Global Healthcare Policy and Management Forum was held at Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. The goal of the forum was to discuss the role of the state in regulating and supporting the development of medical tourism. Forum attendees came from 10 countries. In this short report article, we identify key lessons from the forum that can inform the direction of future scholarly engagement with medical tourism. In so doing, we reference on-going scholarly debates about this global health services practice that have appeared in multiple venues, including this very journal...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813422/perceived-public-transport-infrastructure-modifies-the-association-between-public-transport-use-and-mental-health-multilevel-analyses-from-the-united-kingdom
#9
Xiaoqi Feng, Zhiqiang Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
AIMS: Investments to promote public transport utilisation are being championed to achieve sustainable development, but the potential co-benefits for mental health are comparatively under-researched. We hypothesised that frequent users of public transport would be more likely to have better mental health (possibly due to increased levels of physical activity), but among the more frequent users, less favourable perceptions of public transport infrastructure (PPTI) could have a negative influence on mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812479/student-life-international-experience
#10
Katie Dutton
I was one of more than 40 nursing students who travelled to Berlin in June for a five-day trip focusing on the health and care of refugees and asylum seekers - an area I previously knew little about.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806611/automobile-dependency-as-a-barrier-to-vision-zero-evidence-from-the-states-in-the-usa
#11
Hamed Ahangari, Carol Atkinson-Palombo, Norman W Garrick
With a traffic fatality rate of 10.6 per 100,000 as of 2013-more than triple that in the UK, the Netherlands, and Sweden-the United States has the worst traffic safety performance of all developed countries. Statewide variations are even more pronounced. North Dakota registers more than twice the national average and five times the rate of Massachusetts. We used panel models and annual data from 1997 to 2013 to capture the effect of seven separate sets of factors that influence traffic safety: exposure, travel behavior, socioeconomics, macroeconomics, safety policies, and mitigating factors such as health care...
August 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806405/characterizing-the-influence-of-transportation-infrastructure-on-emergency-medical-services-ems-in-urban-area-a-case-study-of-seoul-south-korea
#12
Jungwoo Cho, Myoungsoon You, Yoonjin Yoon
In highly urbanized area where traffic condition fluctuates constantly, transportation infrastructure is one of the major contributing factors to Emergency Medical Service (EMS) availability and patient outcome. In this paper, we assess the impact of traffic fluctuation to the EMS first response availability in urban area, by evaluating the k-minute coverage under 21 traffic scenarios. The set of traffic scenarios represents the time-of-day and day-of-week effects, and is generated by combining road link speed information from multiple historical speed databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805545/rural-family-physicians-are-twice-as-likely-to-use-telehealth-as-urban-family-physicians
#13
Anuradha Jetty, Miranda A Moore, Megan Coffman, Stephen Petterson, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND: Telehealth has the potential to reduce health inequities and improve health outcomes among rural populations through increased access to physicians, specialists, and reduced travel time for patients. INTRODUCTION: Although rural telehealth services have expanded in several specialized areas, little is known about the attitudes, beliefs, and uptake of telehealth use in rural American primary care. This study characterizes the differences between rural and urban family physicians (FPs), their perceptions of telehealth use, and barriers to further adoption...
August 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804661/imported-asymptomatic-bancroftian-filariasis-discovered-from-a-plasmodium-vivax-infected-patient-a-case-report-from-singapore
#14
Jean-Marc Chavatte, Roland Jureen
Human lymphatic filariasis is a vector-borne disease mainly caused by the parasitic nematode Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted worldwide within the tropical and subtropical regions. Singapore was once endemic for bancroftian filariasis but recent reports are scarce and the disease is nearly forgotten. The case report presented here reports the incidental hospital laboratory finding of an asymptomatic microfilaremia in a relapsing Plasmodium vivax imported case during a malaria treatment follow-up appointment...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800209/using-local-clinical-educators-and-shared-resources-to-deliver-simulation-training-activities-across-rural-and-remote-south-australia-and-south-west-victoria-a-distributed-collaborative-model
#15
Stacey C Masters, Sandi Elliott, Sarah Boyd, James A Dunbar
PROBLEM: There is a lack of access to simulation-based education (SBE) for professional entry students (PES) and health professionals at rural and remote locations. DESIGN: A descriptive study. SETTING: Health and education facilities in regional South Australia and south-west Victoria. KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMENT: Number of training recipients who participated in SBE; geographical distribution and locations where SBE was delivered; number of rural clinical educators providing SBE...
August 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797285/large-cholera-outbreak-in-brong-ahafo-region-ghana
#16
Charles Lwanga Noora, Kofi Issah, Ernest Kenu, Emmanuel George Bachan, Robert Domo Nuoh, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Paulina Appiah, Timothy Letsa
BACKGROUND: A nationwide outbreak of Vibrio cholerae occurred in Ghana in 2014 with Accra, the nation's capital as the epi-center. The outbreak spread to the Brong Ahafo Region (BAR) which is geographically located in the middle of the country. In this region a review of data collected during the outbreak was carried out and analyzed descriptively to determine the hot spots and make recommendations for effective response to future outbreaks. METHODS: A review of patient records and line lists of cases of cholera reported in all hospitals during the period of the outbreak (July-December 2014) was conducted...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794811/a-rare-case-of-schistosomiasis-bilharzia-of-the-bladder-in-a-non-endemic-area
#17
Haresh G Thummar, Hemen I Vithlani, Pokhraj P Suthar, Deepa Regina John, Nisha Thummar, Harendra Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis or snail fever is an endemic parasitic infection caused by various trematodes of the genus Schistosoma. People acquire the disease through contact with water containing infected snails. It is one of the most widespread human parasitic infections in tropical and subtropical regions of the world such as Africa, South America, the Middle East, Asia and the Caribbean. In 1996, the World Health Organisation estimated that more than 200 million people living in rural areas are affected by this disease...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794575/caregiver-decision-making-household-response-to-child-illness-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Hayley Pierce, Ashley Larsen Gibby, Renata Forste
We draw upon a framework outlining household recognition and response to child illness proposed by Colvin and colleagues (2013) to examine factors predictive of treatment sought for a recent child illness. In particular, we model whether no treatment, middle layer treatment (traditional healer, pharmacy, community health worker, etc.), or biomedical treatment was sought for recent episodes of diarrhea, fever, or cough. Based on multinomial, multilevel analyses of Demographic and Health Surveys from 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, we determine that if women have no say in their own healthcare, they are unlikely to seek treatment in response to child illness...
October 2016: Population Research and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791281/orthodontic-treatment-completion-and-discontinuation-in-a-rural-sample-from-north-central-appalachia-in-the-usa
#19
Chris A Martin, Breana M Dieringer, Daniel W McNeil
BACKGROUND: Orthodontics has inherent demands, requiring regular appointments and active patient engagement, but relatively little is established in regard to rates of completion of treatment and possible factors affecting successful completion. These factors may be particularly important for cultural minority groups, such as those in rural Appalachia, given the environmental, social, and economic complexities affecting access to and utilization of treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: A naturalistic study design was employed, using retrospective data from a rural outpatient general dental office in July 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780736/vaccinations-for-the-hiv-infected-adult-a-review-of-the-current-recommendations-part-ii
#20
REVIEW
Nancy F Crum-Cianflone, Eva Sullivan
Vaccination is a critical component for ensuring the ongoing health HIV-infected adults. Since this group may have reduced immune responses and shorter durations of protection post-vaccination, HIV-specific guidelines have been published. This review article provides a comprehensive discussion of the current guidelines and evidence-based data for vaccinating HIV-infected adults, including data on dosing schedules, immunogenicity studies, and safety. In the current paper, part II of the review, live vaccines, as well as vaccines for travelers and specific occupational groups, will be discussed...
August 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
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