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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053847/effect-of-low-incubation-temperature-and-low-ambient-temperature-until-21-days-of-age-on-performance-and-body-temperature-in-fast-growing-chickens
#1
D Nyuiadzi, A Travel, B Méda, C Berri, L A Guilloteau, V Coustham, Y Wang, J K Tona, A Collin
Thermal manipulation during embryogenesis was previously reported to decrease the occurrence of ascites and to potentially improve cold tolerance of broilers. The objective of our study was to explore the effects of the interaction of cold incubation temperatures and cool ambient temperatures until 21 d of age on performance and body temperature. Ross 308 eggs were incubated either under control conditions I0 (37.6°C) or with cyclic cold stimulations I1 (6 h/d at 36.6°C from d 10 to 18 of incubation) or with 2 cold stimulations I2 (30 min at 15°C) at d 18 and 19 of incubation...
October 10, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053431/survey-of-gross-and-histopathologic-findings-in-two-wintering-subpopulations-of-sandhill-cranes-antigone-canadensis
#2
Martha Hensel, Miranda Bertram, Raquel Rech, Gabriel L Hamer, Sarah A Hamer
Sandhill Cranes (Antigone canadensis) of the midcontinent population (MCP) and Rocky Mountain population (RMP) are migratory game birds with stable populations that travel between Canada and the southern USA and Mexico. In the winters of 2012-14, we performed gross and histologic examinations of 43 hunter-harvested Sandhill Cranes in Texas (MCP) and New Mexico (RMP) to assess the impact of disease on populations. Lesions were significantly more common in the MCP relative to the RMP, likely reflecting differential environmental exposure to pathogens and parasites...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051298/applications-open-for-one-health-travelling-fellowship-awards
#3
Jacqui Molyneux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050552/sexual-health-and-students-the-pathways-travelled-by-those-with-sexual-health-concerns
#4
Georgia Freeman, Lucy Watchirs Smith, Anna McNulty, Basil Donovan
The aim of this study was to identify the type of research (Internet, phone lines, friends, family, media or medical journal) undertaken by university students with sexual health concerns, and the effect this research had on their healthcare-seeking behaviour. The Internet was the most common (46%) first point of call for health information, closely followed by doctors (40%). Of those who undertook extra research, the majority subsequently went to a doctor. Health practitioners need to be aware of this tendency for independent research...
October 20, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050529/e-learning-in-medical-education-the-potential-environmental-impact
#5
Kieran Walsh
Introduction There is a growing interest in the use of e-learning in medical education. However until recently there has been little interest in the potential environmental benefits of e-learning. This paper models various environmental outcomes that might emerge from the use of an e-learning resource (BMJ Learning) in CPD. Methods We modeled the use of e-learning as a component of CPD and evaluated the potential impact of this use on the learner's carbon footprint. We looked at a number of models - all from the perspective of a General Practitioner (GP)...
October 19, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043408/what-is-the-cost-of-free-cleft-surgery-in-the-middle-east
#6
Samar Sheriff, Hassan J Zawahrah, Lenisa V Chang, Sonay Beyatli, Haithem M Elhadi Babiker, Ashton L Roach, Natalyia Biskup, John A van Aalst
BACKGROUND: This project explores the costs of cleft lip and/or palate surgeries in Palestine and Sudan, two low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), in the Middle East. Our purpose is to examine the veracity of advertisements from international cleft organizations claiming that "250 US dollars (USD) covers the cost of a single cleft surgery." We hypothesize that the actual cost of surgery is greater than 250 USD. METHODS: Costs for each cleft surgery were organized broadly into 5 categories: hospital charges, personnel (time and money spent for health professionals to travel to LMIC, including lost wages), tests, consumables, and reusables...
October 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037298/determinants-of-multidrug-resistance-among-previously-treated-tuberculosis-patients-in-zimbabwe-2014
#7
G Muchena, G Shambira, N Masuka, T Juru, N Gombe, L Takundwa, D Bangure, M Tshimanga
SETTING: Zimbabwe. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the determinants of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) among previously treated TB patients. DESIGN: A 1:3 case-control study with bivariate analysis and logistic regression. RESULTS: Risk factors for MDR-TB were history of nursing an MDR-TB patient (adjusted OR [aOR] 4.46, 95%CI 2.02-9.88), history of hospitalisation for 3 days (aOR 2.91, 95%CI 1.62-5.23) and history of foreign travel and stay outside Zimbabwe (aOR 2...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034172/health-and-greenhouse-gas-mitigation-benefits-of-ambitious-expansion-of-cycling-walking-and-transit-in-california
#8
Neil Maizlish, Nicholas J Linesch, James Woodcock
The purpose of this research was to quantify health co-benefits and carbon reductions of preferred scenarios of California regional transportation plans and alternatives with ambitious levels of active transport. The alternatives were designed to examine the efficacy of independent contributions of walking, bicycling, and transit at levels consistent with the U.S. Surgeon General recommendation for physical activity. Using data from travel and health surveys, vital statistics, collision databases, and outputs from regional and statewide travel models, the Integrated Transport and Health Impacts Model estimated the change in the population disease burden, as measured by deaths and disability adjusted life years (DALYs), due to a shift from a 2010 baseline travel pattern to an alternative...
September 2017: Journal of Transport & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034170/changes-over-time-in-population-level-transport-satisfaction-and-mode-of-travel-a-13-year-repeat-cross-sectional-study-uk
#9
Jonathan R Olsen, Laura Macdonald, Anne Ellaway
AIM: The aim of the study was to examine changes over time in satisfaction with usual transport mode, explore individual and area level characteristics as mediators in the likelihood of transport satisfaction, and whether any changes in transport satisfaction varied by these factors over time. METHODS: Adults from West Central Scotland, United Kingdom, who participated at both waves of the repeat cross-sectional 'Transport, Health and Well-being Study' conducted in 1997 (n=2735) and 2010 (n=2024) were assessed...
September 2017: Journal of Transport & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032223/glyphosate-and-roundup-%C3%A2-alter-morphology-and-behavior-in-zebrafish
#10
Daiane Bridi, Stefani Altenhofen, Jonas Brum Gonzalez, Gustavo Kellerman Reolon, Carla Denise Bonan
Glyphosate has become the most widely used herbicide in the world, due to the wide scale adoption of transgenic glyphosate resistant crops after its introduction in 1996. Glyphosate may be used alone, but it is commonly applied as an active ingredient of the herbicide Roundup(®). This pesticide contains several adjuvants, which may promote an unknown toxicity. The indiscriminate application poses numerous problems, both for the health of the applicators and consumers, and for the environment, contaminating the soil, water and leading to the death of plants and animals...
October 11, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031310/in-a-bad-place-carers-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-experiences-of-travelling-for-cancer-treatment
#11
Myles Balfe, Kieran Keohane, Katie O' Brien, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Rebecca Maguire, Paul Hanly, Eleanor O' Sullivan, Linda Sharp
PURPOSE: To explore the effect that treatment-related commuting has on carers of patients with head and neck cancer. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews, thematically analysed, with 31 carers. RESULTS: Treatment-related commuting had a considerable impact on carers of patients with head and neck cancer, both in practical terms (economic costs, disruption) and also in psychological terms. Many carers of patients with head and neck cancer described becoming distressed by their commute...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030318/the-association-between-mortality-and-distance-to-treatment-facility-in-patients-with-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#12
Stephen Ryan, Emily C Serrell, Patrick Karabon, Gregory Mills, Moritz Hansen, Matthew Hayn, Mani Menon, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Firas Abdollah, Jesse D Sammon
PURPOSE: Regionalization of bladder cancer treatment is suggested to improve quality of care. As an unintended consequence, some patients travel farther for care with unknown implications on outcomes. We characterize the relationship between distance and overall mortality in patients with invasive bladder cancer and those who undergo radical cystectomy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using the National Cancer Database (2004-2012) to identify patients with muscle invasive bladder cancer (cT2a-T4 N0 M0); a sub-group of radical cystectomy patients was extracted...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028800/spatial-distribution-of-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-xdr-tb-patients-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#13
Thandi Kapwata, Natashia Morris, Angela Campbell, Thuli Mthiyane, Primrose Mpangase, Kristin N Nelson, Salim Allana, James C M Brust, Pravi Moodley, Koleka Mlisana, Neel R Gandhi, N Sarita Shah
BACKGROUND: KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa, has among the highest burden of XDR TB worldwide with the majority of cases occurring due to transmission. Poor access to health facilities can be a barrier to timely diagnosis and treatment of TB, which can contribute to ongoing transmission. We sought to determine the geographic distribution of XDR TB patients and proximity to health facilities in KwaZulu-Natal. METHODS: We recruited adults and children with XDR TB diagnosed in KwaZulu-Natal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026542/a-population-based-survey-on-physical-inactivity-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-among-adults-in-chiang-mai-thailand-2014
#14
Sanhapan Thanamee, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Apichai Wattanapisit, Suparerk Suerungruang, Kanittha Thaikla, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon
BACKGROUND: Reducing physical inactivity among the population is a challenge for many nations. Targeting leisure time physical activity (LTPA) may be useful in increasing overall physical activity as it is assumed it is associated with a higher degree of free choice and personal preference than physical activity at work and during travel. The study explored the prevalence of physical inactivity and focused on the overall level of energy expenditure and energy level spent during leisure time among those who were physically inactive and assessed the stages of change for LTPA among those who were physically inactive...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026358/medicine-in-society-health-project-five-students-journey-to-a-resource-limited-clinic-in-the-haitian-countryside
#15
Aneesh Gupta, Marie Claire Lamb, John Sisney, Chantel Taylor, Timothy Ziethen, Yvens Laborde
BACKGROUND: Five medical students traveled with 4 doctors and a medical photographer to Mayaya, La Victoire, Haiti, as part of a Medicine in Society rotation to provide medical care to the indigenous population. METHODS: Preparation for the trip involved special study in identifying microbes and using blood analysis equipment; work in a clinic for underserved people in the New Orleans, LA, area; background reading; Haitian dialect classes; and development of ideas for streamlining clinic operations...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024825/a-grounded-visualization-approach-to-explore-sociospatial-and-temporal-complexities-of-older-adults-mobility
#16
Thea Franke, Meghan Winters, Heather McKay, Habib Chaudhury, Joanie Sims-Gould
In the past decade, there has been an increasing interest in older adults' mobility. Most often, mobility is measured quantitatively as physical movement (e.g. physical activity) or travel behavior (e.g. trips, modes, and distances). There is a need to integrate both quantitative and qualitative data over time to visualize both context and content in a spatial and temporal dimension and discover patterns and explanations for their underlying processes. We aim to address this gap by demonstrating how a grounded visualization approach can be used to explore sociospatial and temporal complexities of older adults' mobility...
September 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023573/enhanced-passive-screening-and-diagnosis-for-gambiense-human-african-trypanosomiasis-in-north-western-uganda-moving-towards-elimination
#17
Charles Wamboga, Enock Matovu, Paul Richard Bessell, Albert Picado, Sylvain Biéler, Joseph Mathu Ndung'u
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of gambiense human African trypanosomiasis (gHAT) in Uganda has been declining, from 198 cases in 2008, to only 20 in 2012. Interruption of transmission of the disease by early diagnosis and treatment is core to the control and eventual elimination of gHAT. Until recently, the format of available screening tests had restricted screening and diagnosis to central health facilities (passive screening). We describe a novel strategy that is contributing to elimination of gHAT in Uganda through expansion of passive screening to the entire population at risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022952/ocular-morbidity-among-porters-at-high-altitudes
#18
Subodh Gnyawali, Gauri Shankar Shrestha, Safal Khanal, Talisa Dennis, John C Spencer
INTRODUCTION: High altitude, often characterized by settings over 2400m, can be detrimental to the human body and pose a significant risk to ocular health. Reports concerning various ocular morbidities occurring as a consequence of high altitude are limited in the current literature. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at evaluating the ocular health of porters working at high altitudesof Himalayas in Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile eye clinic was set up in Ghat and patient data were collected from its out- patient unit by a team of seven optometrists which was run for five days...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022684/legionellosis-a-walk-through-to-identification-of-the-source-of-infection
#19
Dimosthenis Chochlakis, Vassilios Sandalakis, Maria Keramarou, Yannis Tselentis, Anna Psaroulaki
OBJECTIVES: Although a number of human Legionnaires' disease in tourists are recorded annually in Europe, there are few cases where a direct link can be made between the infected person and the source of infection (hotel or other accommodation). We present a scheme followed in order to track down and identify the source of infection in a tourist suffering from L. pneumophila sg 5 infection, who was accommodated in seven different hotels during his holidays in the island of Crete, and we comment on various difficulties and draw-backs of the process...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021950/population-levels-of-and-inequalities-in-active-travel-a-national-cross-sectional-study-of-adults-in-scotland
#20
Jonathan R Olsen, Richard Mitchell, Nanette Mutrie, Louise Foley, David Ogilvie
This study aimed to describe active travel (walking or cycling) in Scotland and explore potential demographic, geographic, and socio-economic inequalities in active travel. We extracted data for the period 2012-13 (39,585 journey stages) from the Scottish Household Survey. Survey travel diaries recorded all journeys made on the previous day by sampled individuals aged 16 + living within Scotland, and the stages within each journey. Descriptive statistics were calculated for journey stages, mode, purpose and distance...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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