keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Travel health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103236/impact-of-cd4-t-cell-responses-on-clinical-outcome-following-oral-administration-of-wild-type-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-in-humans
#1
Monica A McArthur, Wilbur H Chen, Laurence Magder, Myron M Levine, Marcelo B Sztein
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a non-invasive enteric pathogen of considerable public health importance, being one of the most common attributable causes of diarrheal illness in infants and young children in developing countries and the most common cause of traveler's diarrhea. To enhance study-to-study consistency of our experimental challenge model of ETEC in volunteers, and to allow concomitant multi-site trials to evaluate anti-ETEC immunoprophylactic products, hundreds of vials, each containing a standardized inoculum of virulent wild-type (wt) ETEC strain H10407 (serotype O78:H11 expressing colonization factor antigen I and heat-labile and heat-stable enterotoxins), were prepared under current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP) and frozen...
January 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101877/using-a-call-center-to-coordinate-zika-virus-testing-new-york-city-2016
#2
Jasmine Jacobs-Wingo, Ifeoma Ezeoke, Alhaji Saffa, Anna Tate, David Lee, Kimberly Johnson, Katherine Whittemore, Alex Illescas, Austin Collins, Maytal Rand, Jennifer L Rakeman, Jay K Varma, Neil M Vora
BACKGROUND: After local testing criteria for Zika virus expanded to include asymptomatic pregnant women who traveled to areas with active Zika virus transmission while pregnant, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) experienced a surge in test requests and subsequent testing delays due to factors such as incorrectly completed laboratory requisition forms. The authors describe how DOHMH addressed these issues by establishing the Zika Testing Call Center (ZTCC)...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100641/new-sources-of-value-for-health-and-care-in-a-carbon-constrained-world
#3
Kate Emma Charlesworth, Maggie Jamieson
BACKGROUND: Due to the climate crisis, it is increasingly evident that countries will have to decarbonize. Healthcare, which has a large carbon footprint and uses vast quantities of resources, will have to undergo significant transformation. In this research, we sought the ideas of leading thinkers in the field, to address the question of how health systems can provide high-quality care in a carbon-constrained world. METHODS: Semi-structured, qualitative in-depth interviews with 15 healthcare thought leaders from Australia, the UK, the USA and New Zealand...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100237/surveillance-and-response-for-high-risk-populations-what-can-malaria-elimination-programmes-learn-from-the-experience-of-hiv
#4
REVIEW
Jerry O Jacobson, Carmen Cueto, Jennifer L Smith, Jimee Hwang, Roly Gosling, Adam Bennett
To eliminate malaria, malaria programmes need to develop new strategies for surveillance and response appropriate for the changing epidemiology that accompanies transmission decline, in which transmission is increasingly driven by population subgroups whose behaviours place them at increased exposure. Conventional tools of malaria surveillance and response are likely not sufficient in many elimination settings for accessing high-risk population subgroups, such as mobile and migrant populations (MMPs), given their greater likelihood of asymptomatic infections, illegal risk behaviours, limited access to public health facilities, and high mobility including extended periods travelling away from home...
January 18, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092412/population-dynamics-of-hcv-subtypes-in-injecting-drug-users-on-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-china-associated-with-economic-and-health-reform
#5
Sheng Zhou, Eleonora Cella, Wang Zhou, Wen-Hua Kong, Man-Qing Liu, Pu-Lin Liu, Massimo Ciccozzi, Marco Salemi, Xin-Guang Chen
The extensive genetic heterogeneity of hepatitis C virus (HCV) requires in-depth understanding of the population dynamics of different viral subtypes for more effective control of epidemic outbreaks. We analyzed HCV sequences data from 125 participants in Wuhan, China. These participants were newly infected by subtype 1b (n=13), 3a (n=15), 3b (n=50), and 6a (n=39) while on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Bayesian phylogenies and demographic histories were inferred for these subtypes. Participants infected with HCV-1b and 3a were clustered in well-supported monophyletic clades, indicating local sub-epidemics...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086893/seasonal-variation-in-geographical-access-to-maternal-health-services-in-regions-of-southern-mozambique
#6
Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Nadine Schuurman, Charfudin Sacoor, Helena Edith Boene, Faustino Vilanculo, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Esperança Sevene, Khátia Munguambe, Tabassum Firoz
BACKGROUND: Geographic proximity to health facilities is a known determinant of access to maternal care. Methods of quantifying geographical access to care have largely ignored the impact of precipitation and flooding. Further, travel has largely been imagined as unimodal where one transport mode is used for entire journeys to seek care. This study proposes a new approach for modeling potential spatio-temporal access by evaluating the impact of precipitation and floods on access to maternal health services using multiple transport modes, in southern Mozambique...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086845/the-social-determinants-of-tuberculosis-treatment-adherence-in-a-remote-region-of-papua-new-guinea
#7
Tanya Diefenbach-Elstob, David Plummer, Robert Dowi, Sinba Wamagi, Bisato Gula, Keyanato Siwaeya, Daniel Pelowa, Peter Siba, Jeffrey Warner
BACKGROUND: Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a diverse and culturally-rich country with severe infrastructural and health problems. Tuberculosis (TB) is widespread, and the number of cases with drug resistance is rising. Treatment adherence is known to be important for both effective treatment and limiting the emergence of drug resistance. The aim of this study was to construct a matrix of the factors that act as facilitators or barriers to TB treatment adherence in a remote region of PNG. METHODS: The study was based in the Balimo region of the Western Province...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078993/mirnas-new-biomarkers-and-therapeutic-targets-in-dementia
#8
Ana Teresa de Bastos Viegas, Joana Ribeiro Guedes, Ana Rafaela Oliveira, Ana Maria Sequeira Cardoso, Ana Luísa Colaço Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a complex pathological state that affects millions of individuals worldwide and is responsible for a huge socioeconomic burden, making it a major health concern of current times. Given the impact of dementia in both patients and caregivers, it is crucial to fully clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying dementia-associated disorders, since without this knowledge our ability to correctly diagnose and treat these diseases is severely hampered. METHODS: Epigenetic mechanisms, such as miRNA-mediated post-transcriptional regulation, have been reported to play a role in dementia pathogenesis...
January 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076589/time-volunteered-on-community-health-activities-by-brigadistas-in-nicaragua
#9
Meredith Adamo, Dixmer Rivera, Rashed Shah, Jeanne Koepsell, Leonel Martínez, Justo Pastor Ortiz, Carlos José Jarquín Navarrete, David R Marsh
Objective: To report on how brigadistas ("health brigadiers") in Nicaragua volunteer their time before the introduction of expanded responsibilities (beyond the scope of integrated community case management (iCCM)) for sick children 2-59 months old. Methods: Three complete teams of brigadistas (n = 12 brigadistas total) were selected from remote communities in the department of Matagalpa. Each respondent brigadista was interviewed privately regarding the frequency and duration (i...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075494/geographic-access-to-dental-care-varies-in-missouri-and-wisconsin
#10
Kamyar Nasseh, Yochai Eisenberg, Marko Vujicic
OBJECTIVE: To examine geographic access to dental providers for the general population and children with public insurance in Missouri and Wisconsin. METHODS: Using a newly constructed dentist office database from the American Dental Association master file and other sources, we use the two-step floating area catchment area method to calculate population to provider ratios at the census block group level. These ratios are used to determine potential geographic dentist shortage areas...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072806/endoscopic-spine-surgery-distance-patients-will-travel-for-minimally-invasive-spine-surgery
#11
Albert E Telfeian, Menno Iprenburg, Ralf Wagner
BACKGROUND: Transforaminal lumbar endoscopic discectomy is a minimally invasive spine surgery procedure performed principally for the treatment of lumbar herniated discs. Endoscopic spine surgeons around the world have noted how far patients will travel to undergo this minimally invasive spine surgery, but the actual distance patients travel has never been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We present here our analysis of how far patients will travel for endoscopic spine surgery by studying the referral patterns of patients to 3 centers in 3 different countries...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072434/remiss-med-bild-%C3%A2-j%C3%A3-mlik-och-kostnadseffektiv-v%C3%A3-rd-kortare-tid-till-diagnos-och-f%C3%A3-rre-l%C3%A3-nga-patientresor
#12
Nirina Andersson, Anna Preisler-Häggqvist, Virginia Zazo Hernanz
This study evaluates the use of teledermatology at Norrland University Hospital in Northern Sweden between 2009 and 2014. In total, there were 27 198 incoming referrals. Of these, 1504 had photo attachments, and could be answered directly without a face-to-face appointment. Most of these referrals (73%) came from health care providers more than 100 kilometres away and 71% were answered within a week. Patients received care sooner and saved both time and money by less travelling. Teledermatology lead to less delay to a face-to-face appointment for patients where teledermatology was not an option...
January 9, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068904/long-term-kinetics-of-zika-virus-rna-and-antibodies-in-body-fluids-of-a-vasectomized-traveller-returning-from-martinique-a-case-report
#13
Guenter Froeschl, Kristina Huber, Frank von Sonnenburg, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Michael Hoelscher, Lothar Zoeller, Matthias Trottmann, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Gerhard Dobler, Silke Woelfel
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has led to a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Findings of viable viral particles in semen for several weeks are corroborating reports of sexual transmission of ZIKV. Serious consequences of a positive diagnostic result particularly in the pregnant patient are calling for precise diagnostic tools also at later time points after infection. Currently, recommendations suggest a diagnostic period of direct viral detection of 5 to 7 days after onset of symptoms in serum or plasma, and up to 3 weeks in urine samples...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068753/retrospective-matched-pair-cohort-study-on-effect-of-bisegmental-fenestration-versus-hemilaminectomy-for-bisegmental-spinal-canal-stenosis-at-l3-l4-and-l4-l5
#14
Julia Schüppel, Friedrich Weber
Background The main symptoms of degenerative lumbar spinal canal stenosis are progressive back pain, spinal claudication, and, occasionally, sensory and motor deficits. Impairments particularly occur during walking, standing, and sitting. Thus social and vocational activities are increasingly restricted, causing considerable suffering for patients. Surgical therapies are superior to conservative ones. This article studies the outcome of 2-level fenestration versus hemilaminectomy for bisegmental spinal stenosis decompression...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064517/experiences-of-patients-undergoing-repeated-intravitreal-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-injections-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#15
Jessica Boyle, Meri Vukicevic, Konstandina Koklanis, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Gwyneth Rees
Current therapy to slow disease progression in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) entails regular intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections, often indefinitely. Little is known about the burden imposed on patients by this repetitive treatment schedule and how this can be best managed. The aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial impact of repeated intravitreal injections on patients with neovascular AMD. Forty patients (16 males, 24 females) with neovascular AMD undergoing anti-VEGF treatment were recruited using purposive sampling from a private ophthalmology practice and public hospital in Melbourne...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060226/barriers-to-care-and-1-year-mortality-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infected-people-in-durban-south-africa
#16
Ingrid V Bassett, Sharon M Coleman, Janet Giddy, MFamMed, Laura M Bogart, Christine E Chaisson, Douglas Ross, Moses J E Flash, Tessa Govender, Rochelle P Walensky, Kenneth A Freedberg, Elena Losina
BACKGROUND: Prompt entry into HIV care is often hindered by personal and structural barriers. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of self-perceived barriers to healthcare on 1-year mortality among newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals in Durban, South Africa. METHODS: Prior to HIV testing at four outpatient sites, adults (≥18y) were surveyed regarding perceived barriers to care including: 1) service delivery; 2) financial; 3) personal health perception; 4) logistical; and 5) structural...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056909/active-travel-to-non-school-destinations-but-not-to-school-is-associated-with-higher-physical-activity-levels-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-inner-city-schoolchildren
#17
Lee Smith, Daniel Aggio, Mark Hamer
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association of travel mode to school and non-school destinations with objectively assessed health markers and physical activity in an ethnically diverse sample of inner-city UK schoolchildren. METHODS: We used data from the Camden Active Spaces project (n = 450 children aged 9.1 yrs) to examine associations of school travel mode and frequency of active travel to non-school destinations with daily and out-of-school physical activity, sedentary time and health markers; whilst controlling for appropriate covariates including objectively measured route length...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055220/incident-diagnoses-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2005-2014
#18
Terrence Lee, Stephen B Taubman, Valerie F Williams
From 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014, a total of 8,819 incident diagnoses of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) (incidence rate 64.6 cases per 100,000 person-years [p-yrs]) were documented in the health records of 6,670 active component service members. During the surveillance period, there was a very slight decrease in the annual crude incidence rates of NMSC; rates of NMSC peaked in 2007 (68.3 cases per 100,000 p-yrs) and were at their lowest in 2013 (60.4 cases per 100,000 p-yrs). Increasing age was associated with increased risk of NMSC...
December 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054225/spectrum-and-burden-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-observed-in-an-infectious-and-tropical-diseases-unit-in-florence-italy-2000-2015
#19
Lorenzo Zammarchi, Iacopo Vellere, Leonardo Stella, Filippo Bartalesi, Marianne Strohmeyer, Alessandro Bartoloni
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a diverse group of acute and chronic conditions with distinct characteristics that thrive mainly among the poorest populations, almost exclusively in tropical countries. To evaluate the relevance and impact of NTDs in a temperate area, the number and features of patients diagnosed with NTDs at the Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit (ITDU), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy between 2000 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Overall 289 NTD cases were diagnosed in 283 subjects accounting for 2...
January 4, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054197/comparing-the-costs-and-acceptability-of-three-fidelity-assessment-methods-for-assertive-community-treatment
#20
Angela L Rollins, Marina Kukla, Michelle P Salyers, John H McGrew, Mindy E Flanagan, Doug L Leslie, Marcia G Hunt, Alan B McGuire
Successful implementation of evidence-based practices requires valid, yet practical fidelity monitoring. This study compared the costs and acceptability of three fidelity assessment methods: on-site, phone, and expert-scored self-report. Thirty-two randomly selected VA mental health intensive case management teams completed all fidelity assessments using a standardized scale and provided feedback on each. Personnel and travel costs across the three methods were compared for statistical differences. Both phone and expert-scored self-report methods demonstrated significantly lower costs than on-site assessments, even when excluding travel costs...
January 4, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
keyword
keyword
3941
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"