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Travel health

Jehangir Khan, Inamullah Khan, Abdul Ghaffar, Bushra Khalid
BACKGROUND: Dengue is becoming more common in Pakistan with its alarming spreading rate. A historical review needs to be carried out to find the root causes of dengue dynamics, the factors responsible for its spread and lastly to formulate future strategies for its control. METHODS: We searched (January, 2015) all the published literature between 1980 and 2014 to determine spread/burden of dengue disease in Pakistan. RESULTS: A total of 81 reports were identified, showing high numbers of dengue cases in 2010, 2011, and 2013...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Martin P Grobusch, Frieder Schaumburg, Thomas Weitzel, Camilla Rothe, Thomas Hanscheid, Abraham Goorhuis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Lou Macaux, Oulimata Ndoye, Hugues Cordel, Typhaine Billard Pomares, Delphine Seytre, Olivier Bouchaud, Yves Cohen, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Etienne Carbonnelle
BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant bacteria (XDRB) have emerged as a major source of resistance. Hospitalization abroad seems to be the major risk factor associated with carriage, and numerous reports have warned about the risk of in-hospital transmission. However, little is known regarding possible community transmission. METHODS: A retrospective-matched case-control study was conducted in a Parisian teaching hospital, and it included admitted patients with a history of travel abroad during the preceding 12 months...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Kirsten R Ballantine, Susan Hanna, Scott Macfarlane, Peter Bradbeer, Lochie Teague, Sarah Hunter, Siobhan Cross, Jane Skeen
AIM: To evaluate the completeness and accuracy of child cancer registration in New Zealand. METHODS: Registrations for children aged 0-14 diagnosed between 1/1/2010 and 31/12/2014 were obtained from the New Zealand Cancer Registry (NZCR) and the New Zealand Children's Cancer Registry (NZCCR). Six key data fields were matched using National Health Index numbers in order to identify and resolve registration discrepancies. Capture-recapture methods were used to assess the completeness of cancer registration...
June 11, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
F Trentini, P Poletti, F Baldacchino, A Drago, F Montarsi, G Capelli, A Rizzoli, R Rosà, C Rizzo, S Merler, A Melegaro
The arrival of infected travelers from endemic regions can trigger sustained autochthonous transmission of mosquito-borne pathogens in Europe. In 2007 a Chikungunya outbreak was observed in central Italy, mostly affecting two villages characterised by a high density of Aedes albopictus. The outbreak was mitigated through intervention strategies reducing the mosquito abundance. Ten years later, in 2017, sustained Chikungunya transmission was documented in both central and southern Italy. The proposed analysis identifies suitable reactive measures for the containment and mitigation of future epidemics by combining epidemiological modeling with a health economic approach, considering different arrival times of imported infections and possible delays in the notification of cases...
June 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Begum Ergan, Metin Akgun, Angela Maria Grazia Pacilli, Stefano Nava
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a challenging respiratory problem throughout the world. Although survival is prolonged with new therapies and better management, the magnitude of the burden resulting from moderate-to-severe disease is increasing. One of the major aims of the disease management is to try to break the vicious cycle of patients being homebound and to promote an active lifestyle. A fundamental component of active daily life is, of course, travelling. Today, the world is getting smaller with the option of travelling by air...
June 30, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Lindsay B Gezinski, Sharvari Karandikar, Sarah Huber, Alexis Levitt
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of commissioning parents (CPs) who travel abroad for surrogacy, paying attention to motivations, processes, and sources of social support. The authors recruited 10 CPs and used semistructured, in-depth interviews to illicit storytelling. Data analysis revealed primary themes around CPs' experiences pre-surrogacy, during surrogacy, and post-surrogacy. International surrogacy was described as a long and arduous journey only undertaken after multiple failed attempts at "natural" conception...
June 12, 2018: Health & Social Work
Ushma D Upadhyay, Alice F Cartwright, Nicole E Johns
PURPOSE: A proposed California law will require student health centers at public universities to provide medication abortion. To understand its potential impact, we sought to describe current travel time, costs, and wait times to access care at the nearest abortion facilities. METHODS: We projected total medication abortion use based on campus enrollment figures and age- and state-adjusted abortion rates. We calculated distance and public transit time from campuses to the nearest abortion facility...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Katri Vilkman, Tinja Lääveri, Sari H Pakkanen, Anu Kantele
BACKGROUND: As antibiotics predispose travelers to acquiring multidrug-resistant intestinal bacteria, they should no longer be considered a mainstay for treating travelers' diarrhea. Stand-by antibiotics are justified as a means to avoid visits with local healthcare providers often causing polypharmacy. METHOD: We revisited the traveler data of 316 prospectively recruited volunteers with travelers' diarrhea by retrieving from questionnaires and health diaries information on antibiotic use, stand-by antibiotic carriage, and visits with local healthcare...
June 9, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
R Patterson, E Webb, C Millett, A A Laverty
Background: Walking and cycling for transport (active travel) is an important source of physical activity with established health benefits. However, levels of physical activity accrued during public transport journeys in England are unknown. Methods: Using the English National Travel Survey 2010-14 we quantified active travel as part of public transport journeys. Linear regression models compared levels of physical activity across public transport modes, and logistic regression models compared the odds of undertaking 30 min a day of physical activity...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Julie-Anne Martyn, Jackie Scott, Jasper H van der Westhuyzen, Dale Spanhake, Sally Zanella, April Martin, Ruth Newby
Objective. Continuing education (CE) is essential for a healthcare workforce, but in regional areas of Australia there are challenges to providing and accessing relevant, reliable and low-cost opportunities. The aim of the present study was to collaborate with the local regional healthcare workforce to design, deliver and evaluate an interdisciplinary CE (ICE) program. Methods. A participatory action research (PAR) model combined with an appreciative inquiry (AI) framework was used to design, deliver and evaluate an ICE program...
June 12, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Claude Saegerman, Stéphane Bertagnoli, Gilles Meyer, Jean-Pierre Ganière, Philippe Caufour, Kris De Clercq, Philippe Jacquiet, Guillaume Fournié, Claire Hautefeuille, Florence Etore, Jordi Casal
BACKGROUND: The lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) is a dsDNA virus belonging to the Poxviridae family and the Capripoxvirus genus. Lumpy skin diseases (LSD) is a highly contagious transboundary disease in cattle producing major economic losses. In 2014, the disease was first reported in the European Union (in Cyprus); it was then reported in 2015 (in Greece) and has spread through different Balkan countries in 2016. Indirect vector transmission is predominant at small distances, but transmission between distant herds and between countries usually occurs through movements of infected cattle or through vectors found mainly in animal trucks...
2018: PloS One
Sandra K Cesario
Medical tourism is an emerging industry that facilitates travel to another country for people who seek medical, surgical, or dental care that is unavailable or more affordable than in their home countries. Rapid advances in electronic communication and the ease of international travel have fueled the growth of this industry. More than half of medical travelers are women, especially for services related to cosmetic or reproductive conditions. Medical tourism creates both opportunities and challenges for nurses and other health care providers...
June 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
Lillian MacNell
Many scholars have found evidence that low-income neighborhoods contain fewer supermarkets, but there is a lack of consensus regarding whether and how this matters to residents. A few qualitative studies have asked food desert residents about their experiences of their food environments, while a small number of other studies have utilized spatial analyses to examine actual shopping behaviors. To better understand barriers to food access, this study combines the two in a geo-ethnographic analysis. This study draws on data from a USDA-funded project about families and food to combine quantitative geographic data with qualitative interview data of 100 rural and urban low-income mothers of young children...
June 6, 2018: Appetite
Penelope Carroll, Karen Witten, Octavia Calder-Dawe, Melody Smith, Robin Kearns, Lanuola Asiasiga, Judy Lin, Nicola Kayes, Suzanne Mavoa
BACKGROUND: Participation in community life is vital for health and wellbeing, promoting a sense of belonging, networks of social support and opportunities for physical activity. Disabled young people have lower levels of mobility and participation in recreational activities (physical, social and cultural), education and employment, than their peers without disabilities. This has implications for their health and wellbeing and life course opportunities. Previous research on the participation levels of disabled young people has primarily relied on parent/caregiver reports and been oriented to home and school environments...
June 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Soy Ty Kheang, May Aung Lin, Saw Lwin, Ye Hein Naing, Phyo Yarzar, Neeraj Kak, Taylor Price
BACKGROUND: Mobile populations and migrant workers are a key population to containing the spread of artemisinin-resistant malaria found in the border areas between Cambodia, Myanmar, and Thailand. Migrants often have limited knowledge of public health, including malaria, services in the area, and many seek care from unregulated, private vendors. METHODS: Between October 2012 and August 2016, we implemented malaria case finding and treatment in Tanintharyi Region, Kayin State, and Rakhine State of Myanmar through 3 entry points: village malaria workers (VMWs), mobile malaria clinics, and screening points...
June 6, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
Tri Baskoro Tunggul Satoto, Antok Listyantanto, Suzana Dewi Agustjahjani, Hari Kusnanto Josef, Barandi S Widartono
BACKGROUND: International Health Regulations controls international travel including human movement, disease vector, and imported items to prevent the spread of dengue, especially in seaports, airports, and border crossing posts. This study aimed to determine dengue Transovarial Transmission Index (TTI) and distribution of dengue virus in the areas around Adisucipto Airport of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. METHODS: The study was a descriptive analytic study with cross sectional design, conducted by mapping the spread of the dengue virus and identifying TTI in Adisucipto Airport...
June 5, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Marilyn Butler, Elizabeth Drum, Faye M Evans, Tamara Fitzgerald, Jason Fraser, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Howard Jen, Matthew Kynes, Jenny Kreiss, Craig D McClain, Mark Newton, Benedict Nwomeh, James O'Neill, Doruk Ozgediz, George Politis, Henry Rice, David Rothstein, Julie Sanchez, Mark Singleton, Francine S Yudkowitz
Pediatric surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses from North America and other high-income countries are increasingly engaged in resource-limited areas, with short-term missions as the most common form of involvement. However, consensus recommendations currently do not exist for short-term missions in pediatric general surgery and associated perioperative care. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Delivery of Surgical Care Subcommittee and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Global Pediatric Surgery Committee, with the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc...
May 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
D Wilson, V Heaslip, D Jackson
AIM: The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of culture on health, healthcare provision and its contribution towards health inequity experienced by some marginalised communities. BACKGROUND: Health inequity is a global issue, which occurs across and within countries, and is the greatest barrier to worldwide health and the development of the human race. In response to this challenge, there is an international commitment to ensure universal health coverage based on the fundamental principle that individuals should be able to access healthcare services they need...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Leila C Sahni, Rebecca S B Fischer, Rodion Gorchakov, Rebecca M Berry, Daniel C Payne, Kristy O Murray, Julie A Boom
We instituted active surveillance among febrile patients presenting to the largest Houston-area pediatric emergency department to identify acute infections of dengue virus (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV), and chikungunya virus (CHIKV). In 2014, 1,063 children were enrolled, and 1,015 (95%) had blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid specimens available for DENV, WNV, and CHIKV testing. Almost half (49%) reported recent mosquito bites, and 6% ( N = 60) reported either recent international travel or contact with an international traveler...
June 4, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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