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Gold nanoparticles, review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068053/surface-modification-of-gold-nanoparticles-with-small-molecules-for-biochemical-analysis
#1
Yiping Chen, Yunlei Xianyu, Xingyu Jiang
As one of the major tools for and by chemical science, biochemical analysis is becoming increasingly important in fields like clinical diagnosis, food safety, environmental monitoring, and the development of chemistry and biochemistry. The advancement of nanotechnology boosts the development of analytical chemistry, particularly the nanoparticle (NP)-based approaches for biochemical assays. Functional NPs can greatly improve the performance of biochemical analysis because they can accelerate signal transduction, enhance the signal intensity, and enable convenient signal readout due to their unique physical and chemical properties...
January 9, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054271/catalytic-reduction-of-2-nitroaniline-a-review
#2
Khalida Naseem, Robina Begum, Zahoor H Farooqi
2-nitroaniline (2-NA) is highly toxic and environmental contaminant. It is reduced to less toxic and environmental benign product o-phenylenediamine by using different reducing agents like sodium borohydride, potassium borohydride, or hydrazine hydrate in the presence of various catalytic systems. These catalytic systems have various advantages and drawbacks. Silica-supported gold nanoparticles are frequently reported catalyst for the reduction of 2-nitroaniline in aqueous medium. In this review article, different catalytic systems reported for reduction of o-nitroaniline under various reaction conditions have been discussed...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048528/we-h-206-01-photoacoustic-tomography-multiscale-imaging-from-organelles-to-patients-by-ultrasonically-beating-the-optical-diffusion-limit
#3
L Wang
: Lihong V. Wang: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT), combining non-ionizing optical and ultrasonic waves via the photoacoustic effect, provides in vivo multiscale functional, metabolic, and molecular imaging. Broad applications include imaging of the breast, brain, skin, esophagus, colon, vascular system, and lymphatic system in humans or animals. Light offers rich contrast but does not penetrate biological tissue in straight paths as x-rays do. Consequently, high-resolution pure optical imaging (e...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047869/we-h-206-02-recent-advances-in-multi-modality-molecular-imaging-of-small-animals
#4
B Tsui
: Lihong V. Wang: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT), combining non-ionizing optical and ultrasonic waves via the photoacoustic effect, provides in vivo multiscale functional, metabolic, and molecular imaging. Broad applications include imaging of the breast, brain, skin, esophagus, colon, vascular system, and lymphatic system in humans or animals. Light offers rich contrast but does not penetrate biological tissue in straight paths as x-rays do. Consequently, high-resolution pure optical imaging (e...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047205/we-h-206-03-promises-and-challenges-of-benchtop-x-ray-fluorescence-ct-xfct-for-quantitative-in-vivo-imaging
#5
S Cho
: Lihong V. Wang: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT), combining non-ionizing optical and ultrasonic waves via the photoacoustic effect, provides in vivo multiscale functional, metabolic, and molecular imaging. Broad applications include imaging of the breast, brain, skin, esophagus, colon, vascular system, and lymphatic system in humans or animals. Light offers rich contrast but does not penetrate biological tissue in straight paths as x-rays do. Consequently, high-resolution pure optical imaging (e...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046461/we-h-206-00-advances-in-preclinical-imaging
#6
Patrick La Riviere
: Lihong V. Wang: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT), combining non-ionizing optical and ultrasonic waves via the photoacoustic effect, provides in vivo multiscale functional, metabolic, and molecular imaging. Broad applications include imaging of the breast, brain, skin, esophagus, colon, vascular system, and lymphatic system in humans or animals. Light offers rich contrast but does not penetrate biological tissue in straight paths as x-rays do. Consequently, high-resolution pure optical imaging (e...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034360/role-of-nanoparticles-in-drug-delivery-and-regenerative-therapy-for-bone-diseases
#7
Sonia Gera, Sunitha Sampathi, Sujatha Dodoala
Osteoporosis (OP) is a disease characterized by progressive bone loss due to aging and menopause in women leading to bone fragility with increased susceptibility towards fractures. The silent disease weakens the bone by altering its microstructure and mass. Therapy is based on either promoting strength (via osteoblast action) or preventing disease (via osteoclast action). Current therapy with different drugs belonging to antiresorptive, anabolic and hormonal classification suffers from poor pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile...
December 30, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973767/new-advances-in-nanotechnology-based-diagnosis-and-therapeutics-for-breast-cancer-an-assessment-of-active-targeting-inorganic-nanoplatforms
#8
Priscila Falagan-Lotsch, Elissa M Grzincic, Catherine J Murphy
Breast cancer is a major cause of suffering and mortality among women. Limitations in the current diagnostic methods and treatment approaches have led to new strategies to positively impact the survival rates and quality of life of breast cancer patients. Nanotechnology offers a real possibility to mitigate breast cancer mortality by early-stage cancer detection, more precise diagnosis, as well as more effective treatments with minimal side effects. The current nanoplatforms approved for breast cancer therapeutics are based on passive tumor targeting using organic nanoparticles and have not provided the expected significant improvements in the clinic...
December 15, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942614/the-mechanism-and-application-of-the-protein-stabilized-gold-nanocluster-sensing-system
#9
Huili Li, Wenli Zhu, Ajun Wan, Lanbo Liu
Protein-stabilized gold nanoclusters (protein-Au NCs) have been an attractive frontier of nanoparticle research. Due to their unique fluorescence properties, high stability, environmentally friendly synthetic routes and nontoxicity, protein-Au NCs could find applications in highly sensitive and selective detection of metal ions, inorganic ions and biomolecules in food, soil, water and biological samples. The past few years have witnessed the development of many successful strategies for the preparation of numerous protein-Au NC-based sensing systems...
December 12, 2016: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915376/eco-friendly-approach-for-nanoparticles-synthesis-and-mechanism-behind-antibacterial-activity-of-silver-and-anticancer-activity-of-gold-nanoparticles
#10
REVIEW
Maheshkumar Prakash Patil, Gun-Do Kim
This review covers general information about the eco-friendly process for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) and gold nanoparticles (AuNP) and focuses on mechanism of the antibacterial activity of AgNPs and the anticancer activity of AuNPs. Biomolecules in the plant extract are involved in reduction of metal ions to nanoparticle in a one-step and eco-friendly synthesis process. Natural plant extracts contain wide range of metabolites including carbohydrates, alkaloids, terpenoids, phenolic compounds, and enzymes...
January 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898016/recent-advances-on-inorganic-nanoparticle-based-cancer-therapeutic-agents
#11
REVIEW
Fenglin Wang, Chengyao Li, Jing Cheng, Zhiqin Yuan
Inorganic nanoparticles have been widely investigated as therapeutic agents for cancer treatments in biomedical fields due to their unique physical/chemical properties, versatile synthetic strategies, easy surface functionalization and excellent biocompatibility. This review focuses on the discussion of several types of inorganic nanoparticle-based cancer therapeutic agents, including gold nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, upconversion nanoparticles and mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Several cancer therapy techniques are briefly introduced at the beginning...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897986/gold-nanoparticles-in-single-cell-analysis-for-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering
#12
REVIEW
Mine Altunbek, Gamze Kuku, Mustafa Culha
The need for new therapeutic approaches in the treatment of challenging diseases such as cancer, which often consists of a highly heterogeneous and complex population of cells, brought up the idea of analyzing single cells. The development of novel techniques to analyze single cells has been intensively studied to fully understand specific alternations inducing abnormalities in cellular function. One of the techniques used for single cell analysis is surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) in which a noble metal nanoparticle is used to enhance Raman scattering...
November 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875978/near-infrared-light-responsive-polymeric-nanocomposites-for-cancer-therapy
#13
Cong Min, Xueqing Zou, Quanzhu Yang, Liqiong Liao, Guofu Zhou, Lijian Liu
Inorganic nanoparticles, which can absorb and convert near infrared (NIR) light to heat to ablate cancer cells, have been widely investigated in photothermal therapy. However, the inherent poor solubility and acute systemic toxicity of these inorganic particles hinder their application in clinical practice. Polymeric nnanocomposites materials containing both inorganic nanoparticles and polymers could be harnessed to achieve enhanced photothermal therapeutic effect as well as improved biocompatibility and multi-responsiveness...
November 22, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875977/theranostics-based-on-iron-oxide-and-gold-nanoparticles-for-imaging-guided-photothermal-and-photodynamic-therapy-of-cancer
#14
S Rajkumar, M Prabaharan
With the progress of nanotechnology, the treatment of cancer by photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) using theranostic nanomaterials based on iron oxide (Fe3O4) and gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) has received much attention in recent years. The Fe3O4 NPs have been used as imaging-guided PTT of cancer due to their high relaxivity, excellent contrast enhancement, and less toxicity. The Au NPs have been widely employed as a contrast agent for CT imaging of different biological systems due to their enhanced X-ray attenuation property...
November 22, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867425/gold-nanoparticles-for-cancer-radiotherapy-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Kaspar Haume, Soraia Rosa, Sophie Grellet, Małgorzata A Śmiałek, Karl T Butterworth, Andrey V Solov'yov, Kevin M Prise, Jon Golding, Nigel J Mason
Radiotherapy is currently used in around 50% of cancer treatments and relies on the deposition of energy directly into tumour tissue. Although it is generally effective, some of the deposited energy can adversely affect healthy tissue outside the tumour volume, especially in the case of photon radiation (gamma and X-rays). Improved radiotherapy outcomes can be achieved by employing ion beams due to the characteristic energy deposition curve which culminates in a localised, high radiation dose (in form of a Bragg peak)...
2016: Cancer Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866624/a-review-on-the-biosynthesis-of-metallic-nanoparticles-gold-and-silver-using-bio-components-of-microalgae-formation-mechanism-and-applications
#16
P Dheeban Shankar, Sutha Shobana, Indira Karuppusamy, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Vijayan Sri Ramkumar, Sundaram Arvindnarayan, Gopalakrishnan Kumar
The synthesis of nanoparticles (NP) using algae has been underexploited and even unexplored. In recent times, there are few reports on the synthesis of NP using algae, which are being used as a bio-factory for the synthesis. Moreover, the algae are a renewable source, so that it could be effectively explored in the green synthesis of NP. Hence, this review reports on the biosynthesis of NP especially gold and silver NP using algae. The most widely reported NP from algae are silver and gold than any other metallic NP, which might be due to their enormous biomedical field applications...
December 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853680/radiolabeled-theranostics-magnetic-and-gold-nanoparticles
#17
REVIEW
Saeideh Same, Ayuob Aghanejad, Sattar Akbari Nakhjavani, Jaleh Barar, Yadollah Omidi
Introduction: Growing advances in nanotechnology have facilitated the applications of newly emerged nanomaterials in the field of biomedical/pharmaceutical sciences. Following this trend, the multifunctional nanoparticles (NPs) play a significant role in development of advanced drug delivery systems (DDSs) such as diapeutics/theranostics used for simultaneous diagnosis and therapy. Multifunctional radiolabeled NPs with capability of detecting, visualizing and destroying diseased cells with least side effects have been considered as an emerging filed in presentation of the best choice in solving the therapeutic problems...
2016: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824433/preparation-surface-properties-and-therapeutic-applications-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-biomedicine
#18
Y Panahi, M Mohammadhosseini, K Nejati-Koshki, A J N Abadi, H F Moafi, A Akbarzadeh, M Farshbaf
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) due to their unique properties and manifold surface functionalities have been applied in bio-nanotechnology. The application of GNPs in recent medical and biological research is very extensive. Especially it involves applications such as detection and photothermalysis of microorganisms and cancer stem cells, biosensors; optical bio-imaging and observing of cells and these nanostructures also serve as practical platforms for therapeutic agents. In this review we studied all therapeutic applications of gold nanoparticles in biomedicine, synthesis methods, and surface properties...
November 7, 2016: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807499/nanomaterials-incorporated-ultrasound-contrast-agents-for-cancer-theranostics
#19
Lei Fu, Heng-Te Ke
Nanotechnology provides various nanomaterials with tremendous functionalities for cancer diagnostics and therapeutics. Recently, theranostics has been developed as an alternative strategy for efficient cancer treatment through combination of imaging diagnosis and therapeutic interventions under the guidance of diagnostic results. Ultrasound (US) imaging shows unique advantages with excellent features of real-time imaging, low cost, high safety and portability, making US contrast agents (UCAs) an ideal platform for construction of cancer theranostic agents...
September 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794493/hybrid-protein-inorganic-nanoparticles-from-tumor-targeted-drug-delivery-to-cancer-imaging
#20
REVIEW
Ahmed O Elzoghby, Ayman L Hemasa, May S Freag
Recently, a great interest has been paid to the development of hybrid protein-inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) for drug delivery and cancer diagnostics in order to combine the merits of both inorganic and protein nanocarriers. This review primarily discusses the most outstanding advances in the applications of the hybrids of naturally-occurring proteins with iron oxide, gadolinium, gold, silica, calcium phosphate NPs, carbon nanotubes, and quantum dots in drug delivery and cancer imaging. Various strategies that have been utilized for the preparation of protein-functionalized inorganic NPs and the mechanisms involved in the drug loading process are discussed...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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