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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687596/revealing-the-inhibitory-effect-of-ginseng-on-mitochondrial-respiration-through-synaptosomal-proteomics
#1
Dezhi Kong, Xiaolin Tian, Yunshan Li, Saihang Zhang, Yiru Cheng, Lifang Huo, Huanhuan Ma, Zuxiao Yang, Leiming Ren, Zhang Mingquan, Wei Zhang
Ginseng, the active ingredients of which are ginsenosides, is the most popular herbal medicine and has potential merit in the treatment of cerebral disorders. To better understand the function of Ginseng in the cerebral system, we examined changes in the protein expression profiles of synaptosomes extracted from the cerebral cortical and hippocampal tissues of rats administered a high or low dose of Ginseng for two weeks. More than five thousand proteins belonging to synaptosomes were simultaneously identified and quantitated by an approach combining tandem mass tags with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)...
April 23, 2018: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681983/time-sex-and-dose-dependent-alterations-of-the-gut-microbiota-by-consumption-of-dietary-daikenchuto-tu-100
#2
Jun Miyoshi, Kentaro Nobutani, Mark W Musch, Daina L Ringus, Nathaniel A Hubert, Masahiro Yamamoto, Yoshio Kase, Mitsue Nishiyama, Eugene B Chang
Medications or dietary components can affect both the host and the host's gut microbiota. Changes in the microbiota may influence medication efficacy and interactions. Daikenchuto (TU-100), a herbal medication, comprised of ginger, ginseng, and Japanese pepper, is widely used in Japanese traditional Kampo medicine for intestinal motility and postoperative paralytic ileus. We previously showed in mice that consumption of TU-100 for 4 weeks changed the gut microbiota and increased bioavailability of bacterial ginsenoside metabolites...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679163/paenibacillus-panacihumi-sp-nov-a-potential-plant-growth-promoting-bacterium-isolated-from-ginseng-cultivated-soil
#3
Chun-Gon Kim, Jong-Pyo Kang, Yue Huo, Mohan Chokkalingam, Yeon-Ju Kim, Dong-Hyun Kim, Deok-Chun Yang
A novel bacterium, designated DCY114T , was isolated from ginseng-cultivated soil in Gochang-gun, Republic of Korea. This isolate was assigned to the genus Paenibacillus and is closely related to Paenibacillus amylolyticus NRRL NRS-290T (98.3%), P. dongdonensis KUDC0114T (98.0%), P. tylopili MK2T (97.9%), P. tundrae A10bT (97.8%), and P. xylanexedens B22aT (97.5%) based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Strain DCY114T is a Gram-reaction positive, catalase and oxidase positive, facultatively aerobic rod that is motile by peritrichous flagella...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675576/gintonin-mitigates-mptp-induced-loss-of-nigrostriatal-dopaminergic-neurons-and-accumulation-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-via-the-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#4
Min Gi Jo, Muhammad Ikram, Myeung Hoon Jo, Lang Yoo, Kwang Chul Chung, Seung-Yeol Nah, Hongik Hwang, Hyewhon Rhim, Myeong Ok Kim
Gintonin, a ginseng-derived glycolipoprotein isolated from ginseng, has been shown to be neuroprotective in several neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease models and depressive-like behaviors. In this study, we sought to investigate the potential protective mechanisms of gintonin in an in vivo MPTP and in vitro MPP+ -mediated Parkinson's disease (PD) model. We hypothesized that activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1, potential therapeutic targets for neurodegeneration) with gintonin could abrogate PD-associated neurotoxicity by modulating the accumulation of α-synuclein, neuroinflammation, and apoptotic cell death in an MPTP/MPP+ models of PD...
April 19, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671210/indian-ginseng-withania-somnifera-supplementation-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunctions-in-experimental-model-of-stroke
#5
Abhilasha Sood, Arpit Mehrotra, Devinder K Dhawan, Rajat Sandhir
Stroke is an increasingly prevalent clinical condition and second leading cause of death globally. The present study evaluated the therapeutic potential of Indian Ginseng, also known as Withania somnifera (WS), supplementation on middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) induced mitochondrial dysfunctions in experimental model of ischemic stroke. Stroke was induced in animals by occluding the middle cerebral artery, followed by reperfusion injury. Ischemia reperfusion injury resulted in increased oxidative stress indicated by increased reactive oxygen species and protein carbonyl levels; compromised antioxidant system; in terms of reduced superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, along with reduction in GSH levels and the redox ratio, impaired mitochondrial functions and enhanced expression of apoptosis markers...
April 18, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670636/positive-selection-driving-cytoplasmic-genome-evolution-of-the-medicinally-important-ginseng-plant-genus-panax
#6
Peng Jiang, Feng-Xue Shi, Ming-Rui Li, Bao Liu, Jun Wen, Hong-Xing Xiao, Lin-Feng Li
Panax L. (the ginseng genus) is a shade-demanding group within the family Araliaceae and all of its species are of crucial significance in traditional Chinese medicine. Phylogenetic and biogeographic analyses demonstrated that two rounds of whole genome duplications accompanying with geographic and ecological isolations promoted the diversification of Panax species. However, contributions of the cytoplasmic genomes to the adaptive evolution of Panax species remained largely uninvestigated. In this study, we sequenced the chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes of 11 accessions belonging to seven Panax species...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662645/a-novel-herbal-formula-sge-induces-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-mediated-cancer-cell-death-and-alleviates-cachexia-symptoms-induced-by-colon-26-adenocarcinoma
#7
Aeyung Kim, Minju Im, Jin Yeul Ma
Cachexia in cancer patients, characterized by marked involuntary weight loss and impaired physical function, is associated with a poor prognosis in response to conventional treatment and with an increase in cancer-related mortality. Prevention of skeletal muscle loss under cancer-induced cachexia via inhibition of pro-cachectic factors, as well as a reduction in tumor mass, has been considered reasonable pharmacological and nutritional interventions to treat cancer patients. In this study, we constructed a novel herbal formula, SGE, which contains Ginseng Radix alba, Atractylodis Rhizoma alba , and Hoelen , examined its anti-cancer and anti-cachexia efficacies...
March 27, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659255/stimulation-of-innate-immune-function-by-panax-ginseng-after-heat-processing
#8
Myoung-Sook Shin, Ji Hoon Song, Pilju Choi, Jong Hun Lee, Song-Yi Kim, Kwang Soon Shin, Jungyeob Ham, Ki Sung Kang
Panax ginseng Meyer has been used for the treatment of immune diseases and for the strengthening the immune function. In this study, we evaluated the innate immune stimulating functions and action mechanisms of white ginseng (WG) and heat-processed ginseng (HPG) in RAW264.7 cells. According to LC-MS analysis results, WG contained typical ginsenosides, such as Rb1, Rc, Rb2, Rd, and Rg1, whereas HPG contained Rg3, Rk1, and Rg5 as well as typical ginsenosides. HPG, not WG enhanced NF-κB/AP-1 activity, cytokine production (IL-6 and TNF-α), and MHC class I and II expression in RAW264...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657770/structural-characterization-of-alkali-soluble-polysaccharides-from-panax-ginseng-c-a-meyer
#9
Li Ji, Zhenjing Jie, Xin Ying, Qi Yue, Yifa Zhou, Lin Sun
Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (ginseng) has been widely used as a herb and functional food in the world. Polysaccharides are the main active components of ginseng. In this paper, the polysaccharides were sequentially extracted by 50 mM Na2 CO3 , 1 M KOH and 4 M KOH from ginseng roots treated sequentially with hot water, α-amylase and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid extraction. Na2 CO3 -soluble ginseng polysaccharide (NGP) was fractionated into one neutral and three acidic fractions by anion exchange and gel permeation chromatography...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655852/aidi-injection-plus-platinum-based-chemotherapy-for-stage-iiib-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-42-rcts-following-the-prisma-guidelines
#10
Jue Wang, Guochun Li, Lili Yu, Tingting Mo, Qibiao Wu, Zhou Zhou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aidi injection is one of the most commonly used Chinese patent medicines for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It is made from an extraction of Mylabris Phalerata, Radix Astragalus, Radix Ginseng, and Acanthopanax Senticosus. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Aidi injection in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy for stage IIIB/IV NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed following the PRISMA (the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649979/ginseng-genome-database-an-open-access-platform-for-genomics-of-panax-ginseng
#11
Murukarthick Jayakodi, Beom-Soon Choi, Sang-Choon Lee, Nam-Hoon Kim, Jee Young Park, Woojong Jang, Meiyappan Lakshmanan, Shobhana V G Mohan, Dong-Yup Lee, Tae-Jin Yang
BACKGROUND: The ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) is a perennial herbaceous plant that has been used in traditional oriental medicine for thousands of years. Ginsenosides, which have significant pharmacological effects on human health, are the foremost bioactive constituents in this plant. Having realized the importance of this plant to humans, an integrated omics resource becomes indispensable to facilitate genomic research, molecular breeding and pharmacological study of this herb...
April 12, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649140/wound-stress-an-unheeded-factor-for-echinacoside-accumulation-in-cistanche-deserticola-y-c-ma
#12
Gaosheng Hu, Tianran Wu, Yue Chang, Xinyi Zhan, Jingming Jia
Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma, a precious parasitic medicinal herb distributed in desert areas in the Northwest of China, also known as "desert ginseng", has been used in China for thousands of years for its nourishing effects. The phenylethanoid glycosides (PeGs) have been proven as the main effective compounds due to their neuroprotective effects and were used for quality control. In this study, echinacoside content, a representative PeG, total phenolic content, DPPH scavenging activity, and PAL activity were determined in different tissues of C...
April 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642545/chloroplast-genome-of-the-folk-medicine-and-vegetable-plant-talinum-paniculatum-jacq-gaertn-gene-organization-comparative-and-phylogenetic-analysis
#13
Xia Liu, Yuan Li, Hongyuan Yang, Boyang Zhou
The complete chloroplast (cp) genome of Talinum paniculatum (Caryophyllale), a source of pharmaceutical efficacy similar to ginseng, and a widely distributed and planted edible vegetable, were sequenced and analyzed. The cp genome size of T. paniculatum is 156,929 bp, with a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 25,751 bp separated by a large single copy (LSC) region of 86,898 bp and a small single copy (SSC) region of 18,529 bp. The genome contains 83 protein-coding genes, 37 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, eight ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes and four pseudogenes...
April 9, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629835/why-ginseng-has-protective-functions-on-the-heart
#14
Ting Xu, Yulin Wan, Jiaming Zhang, Qiuyun Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628977/erratum-blood-flow-improving-activity-of-methyl-jasmonate-treated-adventitious-roots-of-mountain-ginseng
#15
Young-Hwan Ban, Yeseul Cha, Jieun Choi, Eun Suk An, Ji Young Lee, Nu Ry Han, Da Woom Seo, Gooyoung Jung, Da-Hye Jeong, Man Hee Rhee, Ehn-Kyoung Choi, Yun-Bae Kim
[This corrects the article on p. 105 in vol. 33, PMID: 28747975.].
March 2018: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628975/protective-effects-of-cultured-and-fermented-ginseng-extracts-against-scopolamine-induced-memory-loss-in-a-mouse-model
#16
Song-Hee Han, Sung-June Kim, Young Won Yun, Sang Yoon Nam, Hu-Jang Lee, Beom-Jun Lee
This study was performed to investigate the effect of a concentrate of fermented wild ginseng root culture (HLJG0701) on memory improvement in the scopolamine (SPL)-induced memory-deficient mouse model. Eight-week-old male ICR mice were used to evaluate the protective effect of HLJG0701 against the SPL-induced memory loss animal model. The Morris water maze test, which measures hippocampus-dependent learning ability, and the Y-maze test, a short-term memory assessment test, were performed and related markers were analyzed...
March 2018: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628876/korean-red-ginseng-pretreatment-protects-against-long-term-sensorimotor-deficits-after-ischemic-stroke-likely-through-nrf2
#17
Lei Liu, Mary K Vollmer, Victoria M Fernandez, Yasmin Dweik, Hocheol Kim, Sylvain Doré
Endogenous neuroprotective mechanisms by which the brain protects itself against noxious stimuli and recovers from ischemic damage are key targets of stroke research, ultimately facilitating functional recovery. Transcriptional factor Nrf2, enriched in astrocytes, is a master regulator of endogenous defense systems against oxidative stress and inflammation. Korean Red Ginseng (Ginseng), one most widely used herbal medicine, has exhibited promising potentials in neuroprotection. Our study aimed to determine whether the standardized Ginseng extract pretreatment could attenuate acute sensorimotor deficits and improve long-term functional recovery after ischemic stroke though Nrf2 pathway and whether reactive astrogliosis is associated with such effect...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624410/ginseng-as-a-treatment-for-fatigue-a-systematic-review
#18
Noël M Arring, Denise Millstine, Lisa A Marks, Lillian M Nail
BACKGROUND: Millions of people with chronic illness suffer from fatigue. Fatigue is a complex, multidimensional symptom with poorly understood causes, wide variations in severity among individuals, and negative effects on multiple domains of daily life. Many patients with fatigue report the use of herbal remedies. Ginseng is one of the most widely used because it is believed to improve energy, physical and emotional health, and well-being. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the published evidence to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the two types of Panax ginseng (Asian [Panax ginseng] and American [Panax quinquefolius]) as treatments for fatigue...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621733/20-r-ginsenoside-rg3-a-rare-saponin-from-red-ginseng-ameliorates-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-by-suppressing-pi3k-akt-pathway-mediated-inflammation-and-apoptosis
#19
Yan-Dan Zhou, Jin-Gang Hou, Wei Liu, Shen Ren, Ying-Ping Wang, Rui Zhang, Chen Chen, Zi Wang, Wei Li
Although ginsenoside Rg3 was isolated as a major component of Korea red ginseng and confirmed to exert potential hepatoprotective effect on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury via induction of glutathione S-transferase (GST) in vitro, thein vivo hepatoprotective effect of Rg3 and the underlying molecular mechanism of action remain unclear. The current study was aimed to explore whether 20(R)-Ginsenoside Rg3 (20(R)-Rg3) could alleviate acetaminophen-induced liver injury in mice and to determine the involvement of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway...
April 2, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620504/polaromonas-ginsengisoli-sp-nov-isolated-from-ginseng-field-soil
#20
Kang Duk Choi, Muhammad Zubair Siddiqi, Qingmei Liu, Jung Hun Jo, Se Yoon Chun, Gyu-Min Choi, Sang Young Kim, Soon Youl Lee, Wan-Taek Im
A Gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, milky-white and rod-shaped bacterium (designated Gsoil 115T ) isolated from ginseng field soil was characterized by a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain Gsoil 115T grew optimally at 30 °C and at pH 7.0 on Reasoner's 2A agar medium. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain Gsoil 115T belongs to the genus Polaromonas and was most closely related to Polaromonaseurypsychrophila B717-2T (98.6 %), Polaromonasvacuolata 34-PT (98...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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