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Rehab technology

Matias B Yudi, David J Clark, David Tsang, Michael Jelinek, Katie Kalten, Subodh Joshi, Khoa Phan, Arthur Nasis, John Amerena, Sandeep Arunothayaraj, Chris Reid, Omar Farouque
BACKGROUND: There are well-documented treatment gaps in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and no clear guidelines to assist early physical activity after acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Smartphone technology may provide an innovative platform to close these gaps. This paper describes the study design of a randomized controlled trial assessing whether a smartphone-based secondary prevention program can facilitate early physical activity and improve cardiovascular health in patients with ACS...
September 5, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Carl E Clarke, Smitaa Patel, Natalie Ives, Caroline E Rick, Rebecca Woolley, Keith Wheatley, Marion F Walker, Shihua Zhu, Rebecca Kandiyali, Guiqing Yao, Catherine M Sackley
BACKGROUND: Cochrane reviews of physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) for Parkinson's disease found insufficient evidence of effectiveness, but previous trials were methodologically flawed with small sample size and short-term follow-up. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of individualised PT and OT in Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: Large pragmatic randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Thirty-eight neurology and geriatric medicine outpatient clinics in the UK...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Richard Shaw, Anders Christensen, Kapil Java, Rehab El Maddani, Triantafillos Liloglou, Triantafyllou Asterios, Christian von Buchwald, Irene Wessel, Katalin Kiss, Andreas Kjaer, Giedrius Lelkaitis, Anna Long, Janet Risk, Max Robinson
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative analysis of sentinel lymph nodes would enhance the care of early-stage oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We determined the frequency and extent of cytokeratin 19 (CK19) expression in OSCC primary tumours and surrounding tissues to explore the feasibility of a "clinic-ready" intraoperative diagnostic test (one step nucleic acid amplification-OSNA, sysmex). METHODS: Two cohorts were assembled: cohort 1, OSCC with stage and site that closely match cases suitable for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB); cohort 2, HNSCC with sufficient fresh tumour tissue available for the OSNA assay (>50 mg)...
July 8, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Jacob Budny, Joseph Fox, Michael Rauh, Marc Fineberg
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most commonly performed and researched orthopedic procedures. As technology and comparative research have advanced, surgical practices have changed to achieve a superior outcome. Our group performed a survey of orthopedic surgeons to evaluate current practice trends and techniques as a follow-up to similar surveys performed in 1999 and 2006. In a survey between 2013 and 2014 consisting of 35 questions regarding the surgical technique, graft choice, fixation method, and perioperative care in ACL reconstruction was sent electronically to the members of the American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine and the Arthroscopy Association of North America...
January 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
Nadia Saleh, Rania Abdel Hay, Rehab Hegazy, Marwa Hussein, Dalia Gomaa
INTRODUCTION: The paucity of studies evaluating teledermatology (TD) in developing countries was the impetus behind conducting this work. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of TD in remote areas where medical facilities and consultant dermatologists are not available, through measurement of diagnostic concordance rates between face-to-face diagnosis and store-and-forward (SAF) TD diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 600 patients with dermatological ailments who attended Abshway Hospital were recruited into the study, examined by an on-site dermatology resident, and offered a diagnosis...
March 3, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Alan Chong W Lee, Michael Billings
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Telehealth is defined as the delivery of health-related services and information via telecommunication technologies. The purposes of this case report are: (1) to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a telehealth approach for meeting physical therapist supervision requirements in a skilled nursing facility (SNF) in Washington and (2) to explore clinical and human factors of physical therapist practice in an SNF delivered via telehealth. CASE DESCRIPTION: In 2009, Infinity Rehab conducted a pilot program to determine whether telehealth could be used to meet physical therapist supervision requirements in an SNF...
February 2016: Physical Therapy
Debbie Rand, Gabi Zeilig, Rachel Kizony
BACKGROUND: Impaired dexterity of the weaker upper extremity is common post stroke and it is recommended that these individuals practice many repetitions of movement to regain function. However, stroke rehabilitation methods do not achieve the required intensity to be effective. Touchscreen tablet technology may be used as a motivating tool for self-training impaired dexterity of the weaker upper extremity post stroke. METHODS/DESIGN: Rehab-let is a self-training protocol utilizing game apps on a touchscreen for practicing movement of the weaker upper extremity...
June 18, 2015: Trials
Patrik Hidefjäll, Dina Titkova
Wearable sensor technologies used to track daily activities have become successful in the consumer market. In order for wearable sensor technology to offer added value in the more challenging areas of stress-rehab care and occupational health stress-related biofeedback parameters need to be monitored and more elaborate business models are needed. To identify probable success factors for a wearable biofeedback system (Affective Health) in the two mentioned market segments in a Swedish setting, we conducted literature studies and interviews with relevant representatives...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Gustavo Saposnik, Chi-Ming Chow, David Gladstone, Donna Cheung, Edward Brawer, Kevin E Thorpe, Avon Saldanha, Alice Dang, Mark Bayley, Tom A Schweizer
BACKGROUND: Tablets are a novel line of computers controlled by a multitouch screen. Fine motor movements are captured on the tablet computer through electrical fields and can be qualitatively and quantitatively assessed. Evidence is limited on tablet use for stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: iHOME is an investigator-initiated randomized controlled pilot trial with a single-blinded outcome assessment. The intervention consists of iPad use (investigational group) vs...
October 2014: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Pedro Gamito, Jorge Oliveira, Paulo Lopes, Rodrigo Brito, Diogo Morais, Diana Silva, Ana Silva, Sara Rebelo, Marta Bastos, Alberto Deus
BACKGROUND: The consequences of alcohol dependence are severe and may range from physical disease to neuropsychological deficits in several cognitive domains. Alcohol abuse has also been related to brain dysfunction specifically in the prefrontal cortex. Conventional neuropsychological interventions (paper-and-pencil cognitive stimulation training) have a positive effect but are time-consuming, costly, and not motivating for patients. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to test the cognitive effects of a novel approach to neuropsychological intervention, using mobile technology and serious games, on patients with alcohol dependence...
April 17, 2014: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Mohammed N Al-Ahdal, Walaa K Al-Arnous, Marie F Bohol, Suhair M Abuzaid, Mohamed M Shoukri, Kamal S Elrady, Nayyer Firdous, Rehab Aliyan, Rabia Taseer, Amal A Al-Hazzani, Ahmed A Al-Qahtani
INTRODUCTION: Certain genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) are linked to cervical abnormalities. HPV DNA and genotype prevalence among women residing in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia is investigated in this hospital-based study. METHODOLOGY: Cervical specimens were taken from 519 subjects along with consent and demographic data. DNA was extracted and PCR was performed on all specimens using general primers. Low- and high-risk HPV genotypes were determined by reverse blot hybridization assay using specific probes...
March 2014: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Joanne Kaldy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2013: Provider
Arneborg Ernst
Vestibular diagnostics and therapy ist the mirror of technological, scientific and socio-economics trends as are other fields of clinical medicine. These trends have led to a substantial diversification of the field of neurotology.The improvements in diagnostics have been characterized by the introduction of new receptor testing tools (e.g., VEMPs), progress in imaging (e.g., the endolymphatic hydrops) and in the description of central-vestibular neuroplasticity. The etiopathology of vestibular disorders has been updated by geneticists (e...
2011: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
M Vogelgesang
First, epidemiological data and socioeconomic consequences of alcohol addiction are summarized. Research findings, in particular in intervention and evaluation, from 2009-2011 in the field of alcohol addiction treatment are then discussed concerning their relevance for rehabilitation practice. The search was based on PubMed and PSYNDEX. The interventions most frequently evaluated and found most effective in alcohol addiction treatment are cognitive-behavioural interventions. Further topics dealt with are: pharmacological relapse prevention; technologically based therapies (e...
October 2011: Die Rehabilitation
A Ernst
Vestibular diagnostics and therapy is the mirror of technological, scientific and socio-economics trends as are other fields of clinical medicine. These trends have led to a substantial diversification of the field of neurotology. The improvements in diagnostics have been characterized by the introduction of new receptor testing tools (e. g., VEMPs), progress in imaging (e. g., the endolymphatic hydrops) and in the description of central-vestibular neuroplasticity. The etiopathology of vestibular disorders has been updated by geneticists (e...
March 2011: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Rebecca A States, Evangelos Pappas, Yasser Salem
BACKGROUND: Overground gait training forms a major part of physical therapy services for chronic stroke patients in almost every setting. Overground gait training refers to physical therapists' observation and cueing of the patient's walking pattern along with related exercises, but does not include high-technology aids such as functional electrical stimulation or body weight support. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of overground physical therapy gait training on walking ability for chronic stroke patients with mobility deficits...
July 8, 2009: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Yanfei Xiong, Li Wan
Collagen and chitosan are well natrual polymers to be used as extracellular matrix on tissue engineering because of their biocompatibility, certain mechanical strength and biodegradability. But there are some disadvantages when they are used to construct extracellular matrix respectively. This experiment utilized their complementary performances to prepare a composite extracellular matrix of artificial tendon tissue that had adequacy mechanics strength and good biocompatibility, cell affinity, biodegradability...
November 2008: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
W T Ang, U-X Tan, H G Tan, T Myo, C K Ng, K L Koh, B S Cheam
This paper presents a novel, portable and cost-effective balance trainer with the necessary important features to improve the reach of rehabilitation to the masses. There are three factors that contribute to a person's ability to maintain standing balance: Proprioceptive feedback (from the joints), vision, and the vestibular system. These systems can be affected by injury, infection, or brain damage caused by stroke. One example of such injuries is ankle injury. A large focus of the physiotherapy and sports medicine community is using postural-control tasks to prevent, assess and rehabilitate patients...
November 2008: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Elizabeth Bahr
This article will focus on light technology augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) for people who have recently experienced a stroke with resulting aphasia. The role of the speech therapist and occupational therapist in evaluation, implementation, and training will be addressed. Various AAC options based on level of function will be considered and discussed. The purpose of AAC for this population and its use in family training prior to discharge, communication with staff, and therapy will be highlighted...
July 2008: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Richard Haugh
Rehab services are advancing at a mind-boggling pace and the future appears limitless. But providers worry that Medicare changes and other issues could limit what's possible.
July 2005: Hospitals & Health Networks
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