keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anole

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919954/immunocytological-analysis-of-meiotic-recombination-in-two-anole-lizards-squamata-dactyloidae
#1
Artem P Lisachov, Vladimir A Trifonov, Massimo Giovannotti, Malcolm A Ferguson-Smith, Pavel M Borodin
Although the evolutionary importance of meiotic recombination is not disputed, the significance of interspecies differences in the recombination rates and recombination landscapes remains under-appreciated. Recombination rates and distribution of chiasmata have been examined cytologically in many mammalian species, whereas data on other vertebrates are scarce. Immunolocalization of the protein of the synaptonemal complex (SYCP3), centromere proteins and the mismatch-repair protein MLH1 was used, which is associated with the most common type of recombination nodules, to analyze the pattern of meiotic recombination in the male of two species of iguanian lizards, Anolis carolinensis Voigt, 1832 and Deiroptyx coelestinus (Cope, 1862)...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906512/three-series-of-heterometallic-ni-ii-ln-iii-schiff-base-complexes-synthesis-crystal-structures-and-magnetic-characterization
#2
Lin Jiang, Yue Liu, Xin Liu, Jinlei Tian, Shiping Yan
Three series of Ni(II)-Ln(III) complexes were synthesized with the general formulae [(μ3-CO3)2{Ni(HL)(CH3-CH2OH)Ln(CH3COO)}2]·2CH3CH2OH (1-6) (Ln = Tb (1), Dy (2), Ho (3), Er (4), Tm (5), Yb (6); H3L = N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-diamino-2-prop-anol), [Ni(HL)Ln(dbm)3]·CH3OH2·2CH2Cl2 (7-10) (Ln = Tb (7), Eu (8), Gd (9), Ho (10); Hdbm = 1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedione) and [Ni(HL)(H2O)(tfa)Ln(hfac)2] (11-15) (Ln = Tb (11), Dy (12), Eu (13), Gd (14), Ho (15); Hhfac = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoropentane-2,4-dione, tfa(-) = trifluoroacetate) using compartmental Schiff base ligands in conjunction with auxiliary ligands...
September 14, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874017/environmental-drivers-of-seasonal-patterns-of-host-utilization-by-culiseta-melanura-diptera-culicidae-in-florida
#3
Erik M Blosser, Cynthia C Lord, Tanise Stenn, Carolina Acevedo, Hassan K Hassan, Lawrence E Reeves, Thomas R Unnasch, Nathan D Burkett-Cadena
Field studies were carried out in four Florida counties to investigate winter and spring ecology of host use by Culiseta melanura (Coquillet), the primary vector of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV) in North America. Bloodmeal analysis by PCR was used to identify 233 host bloodmeals, which mainly originated from birds (78.5%) and reptiles (17.2%), primarily Anolis spp. lizards. Across counties, the percentage of bloodmeals from reptiles (7-37% depending upon county) increased with increasing day length and temperature in the spring...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859403/plasmodium-infections-in-natural-populations-of-anolis-sagrei-reflect-tolerance-rather-than-susceptibility
#4
Camille Bonneaud, Irem Sepil, Lena Wilfert, Ryan Calsbeek
Parasites can represent formidable selection pressures for hosts, but the cost of infection is sometimes difficult to demonstrate in natural populations. While parasite exploitation strategies may, in some instances, actually inflict low costs on their hosts, the response of hosts to infection is also likely to determine whether or not these costs can be detected. Indeed, costs of infection may be obscured if infected individuals in the wild are those that are the most tolerant, rather than the most susceptible, to infection...
August 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857142/different-evolutionary-dynamics-led-to-the-convergence-of-clinging-performance-in-lizard-toepads
#5
Sarin Tiatragula, Gopal Murali, James T Stroud
Does convergent evolution always result from different lineages experiencing similar evolutionary dynamics? Hagey et al (2017) report the dynamics of adhesive performance evolution to be distinct in two lizard clades (anoles and geckos) despite independent convergence in adhesive toe pad structures, suggesting convergence can occur with dissimilar macroevolutionary dynamics. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 31, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819830/identification-and-characterization-of-tyrosine-kinases-in-anole-lizard-indicate-the-conserved-tyrosine-kinase-repertoire-in-vertebrates
#6
Ake Liu, Funan He, Xun Gu
The tyrosine kinases (TKs) play principal roles in regulation of multicellular aspects of the organism and are implicated in many cancer types and congenital disorders. The anole lizard has recently been introduced as a model organism for laboratory-based studies of organismal function and field studies of ecology and evolution. However, the TK family of anole lizard has not been systematically identified and characterized yet. In this study, we identified 82 TK-encoding genes in the anole lizard genome and classified them into 28 subfamilies through phylogenetic analysis, with no member from ROS and STYK1 subfamilies identified...
August 17, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809029/model-clades-versus-model-species-anolis-lizards-as-an-integrative-model-of-anatomical-evolution
#7
Thomas J Sanger, Bonnie K Kircher
Anolis lizards , known for their replicated patterns of morphological diversification, are widely studied in the fields of evolution and ecology. As a textbook example of adaptive radiation, this genus has supported decades of intense study in natural history, behavior, morphological evolution, and systematics. Following the publication of the A. carolinensis genome, research on Anolis lizards has expanded into new areas, toward obtaining an understanding the developmental and genetic bases of anole diversity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774927/winter-storms-drive-rapid-phenotypic-regulatory-and-genomic-shifts-in-the-green-anole-lizard
#8
Shane C Campbell-Staton, Zachary A Cheviron, Nicholas Rochette, Julian Catchen, Jonathan B Losos, Scott V Edwards
Extreme environmental perturbations offer opportunities to observe the effects of natural selection in wild populations. During the winter of 2013-2014, the southeastern United States endured an extreme cold event. We used thermal performance, transcriptomics, and genome scans to measure responses of lizard populations to storm-induced selection. We found significant increases in cold tolerance at the species' southern limit. Gene expression in southern survivors shifted toward patterns characteristic of northern populations...
August 4, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745397/tempo-and-mode-of-performance-evolution-across-multiple-independent-origins-of-adhesive-toe-pads-in-lizards
#9
Travis J Hagey, Josef C Uyeda, Kristen E Crandell, Jorn A Cheney, Kellar Autumn, Luke J Harmon
Understanding macroevolutionary dynamics of trait evolution is an important endeavor in evolutionary biology. Ecological opportunity can liberate a trait as it diversifies through trait space, while genetic and selective constraints can limit diversification. While many studies have examined the dynamics of morphological traits, diverse morphological traits may yield the same or similar performance and as performance is often more proximately the target of selection, examining only morphology may give an incomplete understanding of evolutionary dynamics...
July 26, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725379/field-estimates-of-parentage-reveal-sexually-antagonistic-selection-on-body-size-in-a-population-of-anolis-lizards
#10
Mary C Duryea, Patrick Bergeron, Zachary Clare-Salzler, Ryan Calsbeek
Sexual dimorphism evolves when selection favors different phenotypic optima between the sexes. Such sexually antagonistic selection creates intralocus sexual conflict when traits are genetically correlated between the sexes and have sex-specific optima. Brown anoles are highly sexually dimorphic: Males are on average 30% longer than females and 150% heavier in our study population. Viability selection on body size is known to be sexually antagonistic, and directional selection favors large male size whereas stabilizing selection constrains females to remain small...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714214/climate-related-environmental-variation-in-a-visual-signalling-device-the-male-and-female-dewlap-in-anolis-sagrei-lizards
#11
Tess Driessens, Simon Baeckens, Manuela Balzarolo, Bieke Vanhooydonck, Katleen Huyghe, Raoul Van Damme
Animals communicate using a variety of signals that differ dramatically among and within species. The astonishing dewlap diversity in anoles has attracted considerable attention in this respect. Yet, the evolutionary processes behind it remain elusive and have mostly been explored for males only. Here, we considered Anolis sagrei males and females to study signal divergence among populations. First, we assessed the degree of variation in dewlap design (size, pattern, colour) and displays by comparing 17 populations distributed across the Caribbean...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659453/human-impacts-reduce-morphological-diversity-in-an-insular-species-of-lizard
#12
Corentin Bochaton, Salvador Bailon, Anthony Herrel, Sandrine Grouard, Ivan Ineich, Anne Tresset, Raphaël Cornette
Fossil remains provide useful insights into the long-term impact of anthropogenic phenomena on faunas and are often used to reveal the local (extirpations) or global (extinctions) losses of populations or species. However, other phenomena such as minor morphological changes can remain inconspicuous in the fossil record depending on the methodology used. In this study, we used the anole of Marie-Galante Island (Anolis ferreus) in Guadeloupe (French, West Indies) as a model to demonstrate how the morphological evolution of an insular lizard can be tracked through the Pleistocene/Holocene climatic transition and the recent anthropization of the island...
June 28, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649347/factors-restricting-the-range-expansion-of-the-invasive-green-anole-anolis-carolinensis-on-okinawa-island-japan
#13
Yukari Suzuki-Ohno, Kenjiro Morita, Nobuaki Nagata, Hideaki Mori, Shintaro Abe, Takashi Makino, Masakado Kawata
The green anole Anolis carolinensis invaded the Ogasawara Islands in Japan, drove various native species to extinction, and its distribution expanded 14 years after initial establishment. A. carolinensis invaded Okinawa Island, but it has not expanded its distribution in more than 25 years, although its density is extremely high in the southern region. To determine whether A. carolinensis has the potential to expand its distribution on Okinawa Island, we performed phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial ND2 DNA sequences to study the origin of A...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616163/a-genomic-assessment-of-species-boundaries-and-hybridization-in-a-group-of-highly-polymorphic-anoles-distichus-species-complex
#14
Daniel J MacGuigan, Anthony J Geneva, Richard E Glor
Delimiting young species is one of the great challenges of systematic biology, particularly when the species in question exhibit little morphological divergence. Anolis distichus, a trunk anole with more than a dozen subspecies that are defined primarily by dewlap color, may actually represent several independent evolutionary lineages. To test this, we utilized amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLP) genome scans and genetic clustering analyses in conjunction with a coalescent-based species delimitation method...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533977/serotonergic-activation-during-courtship-and-aggression-in-the-brown-anole-anolis-sagrei
#15
Jacob T Hartline, Alexandra N Smith, David Kabelik
The role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in social behavior regulation is not fully understood. While 5-HT release in nuclei of the social behavior network has generally been associated with inhibition of aggressive behavior across multiple classes of vertebrates, less is known about its effects on sexual, especially non-copulatory courtship display behaviors. Furthermore, most research has examined effects at 5-HT release sites, while studies examining the behavioral relevance of source cell populations have generated contradictory findings...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515206/widespread-ecomorphological-convergence-in-multiple-fish-families-spanning-the-marine-freshwater-interface
#16
Aaron M Davis, Ricardo Betancur-R
The theoretical definition and quantification of convergence is an increasingly topical focus in evolutionary research, with particular growing interest on study scales spanning deep phylogenetic divergences and broad geographical areas. While much progress has recently been made in understanding the role of convergence in driving terrestrial (e.g. anole lizards) and aquatic (e.g. cichlids) radiations, little is known about its macroevolutionary effects across environmental gradients. This study uses a suite of recently developed comparative approaches integrating diverse aspects of morphology, dietary data, habitat affiliation and phylogeny to assess convergence across several well-known tropical-temperate fish families in the percomorph suborder Terapontoidei, a clade with considerable phenotypic and ecological diversity radiating in both marine and freshwater environments...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502765/biogeographic-links-between-southern-atlantic-forest-and-western-south-america-rediscovery-re-description-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-two-rare-montane-anole-lizards-from-brazil
#17
Ivan Prates, Paulo Roberto Melo-Sampaio, Leandro de Oliveira Drummond, Mauro Teixeira, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Ana Carolina Carnaval
Data on species ranges and phylogenetic relationships are key in historical biogeographical inference. In South America, our understanding of the evolutionary processes that underlie biodiversity patterns varies greatly across regions. Little is known, for instance, about the drivers of high endemism in the southern montane region of the Atlantic Rainforest. In this region, former biogeographic connections with other South American ecosystems have been invoked to explain the phylogenetic affinities of a number of endemic taxa...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459829/predictability-in-evolution-adaptation-of-the-bonaire-anole-anolis-bonairensis-to-an-extreme-environment
#18
Roger S Thorpe
The extent to which evolution is deterministic (predictable), or random, is a fundamental question in evolution. This case study attempts to determine the extent to which interspecific divergence can be predicted from intraspecific trends related species. The mountainous Lesser Antilles are occupied by one or two anole species with very substantial intraspecific differences in the quantitative traits between xeric and rainforest habitats. These ecologically determined differences tend to be in parallel in each island species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405283/anolis-lizards-as-biocontrol-agents-in-mainland-and-island-agroecosystems
#19
Ivan V Monagan, Jonathan R Morris, Alison R Davis Rabosky, Ivette Perfecto, John Vandermeer
Our knowledge of ecological interactions that bolster ecosystem function and productivity has broad applications to the management of agricultural systems. Studies suggest that the presence of generalist predators in agricultural landscapes leads to a decrease in the abundance of herbivorous pests, but our understanding of how these interactions vary across taxa and along gradients of management intensity and eco-geographic space remains incomplete. In this study, we assessed the functional response and biocontrol potential of a highly ubiquitous insectivore (lizards in the genus Anolis) on the world's most important coffee pest, the coffee berry borer (Hypothalemus hampei)...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381311/cystic-calculus-in-a-laboratory-housed-green-anole-anolis-carolinensis
#20
Leslie L Birke, Ann M Cespedes, Emma R Schachner, Simon P Lailvaux
An adult, male, wild-caught, laboratory-housed green anole (Anolis carolinensis) on a locomotor performance study was presented for anorexia. The anole exhibited a 26% weight loss and a thin body condition but was otherwise alert and active. Despite supportive care, the anole's clinical condition deteriorated, necessitating euthanasia. Postmortem examination revealed a 4.5 mm × 2.5-mm cystic calculus, which consisted entirely of sodium urate. Here we describe the clinical findings and locomotor consequences of this disease in a green anole...
March 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
keyword
keyword
39382
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"