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vertebral burst fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074467/vertebral-body-spread-in-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-can-predict-posterior-construct-failure
#1
Federico De Iure, Giorgio Lofrese, Pasquale De Bonis, Michele Cappuccio, Francesco Cultrera, Sofia Battisti
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Load Sharing Classification (LSC) laid foundations for a scoring system able to indicate which thoracolumbar fractures, after short-segment posterior-only fixations, would need for longer instrumentations or additional anterior supports. PURPOSE: We analyzed surgically treated thoracolumbar fractures, quantifying the vertebral body's fragments displacement with the aim of identifying a new parameter which could predict the posterior-only construct failure...
October 23, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017495/treatment-of-thoracic-or-lumbar-burst-fractures-with-balloon-assisted-endplate-reduction-using-tricalcium-phosphate-cement-histological-and-radiological-evaluation
#2
Joep Kitzen, Martijn G M Schotanus, Herbert S W Plasschaert, Frans-Jan H Hulsmans, Pieter B J Tilman
BACKGROUND: Short-segment pedicle-screw instrumentation is frequently used to stabilize thoracolumbar burst fractures. A recognized disadvantage of this procedure is recurrent kyphosis from intervertebral disc creep into the fractured central endplate. Balloon Assisted Endplate Reduction (BAER) using Tricalcium Phosphate bone cement (TCP) enables elevation of the centrally depressed endplate. Our objective was to evaluate the bone-tissue response to TCP and to analyse whether BAER using TCP can prevent recurrent kyphosis after removal of the instrumentation...
October 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938147/development-of-an-experimental-model-of-burst-fracture-with-damage-characterization-of-the-vertebral-bodies-under-dynamic-conditions
#3
A Germaneau, T Vendeuvre, M Saget, P Doumalin, J C Dupré, F Brémand, F Hesser, C Brèque, P Maxy, M Roulaud, O Monlezun, P Rigoard
BACKGROUND: Burst fractures represent a significant proportion of fractures of the thoracolumbar junction. The recent advent of minimally invasive techniques has revolutionized the surgical treatment of this type of fracture. However mechanical behaviour and primary stability offered by these solutions have to be proved from experimental validation tests on cadaveric specimens. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an original and reproducible model of burst fracture under dynamic impact...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893205/is-additional-balloon-kyphoplasty-safe-and-effective-for-acute-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture
#4
Ping-Jui Tsai, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Kuo-Feng Fan, Lih-Huei Chen, Chia-Wei Yu, Po-Liang Lai, Chi-Chien Niu, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Wen-Jer Chen
BACKGROUND: Burst fracture is a common thoracolumbar injury that is treated using posterior pedicle instrumentation and fusion combined with transpedicular intracorporeal grafting after reduction. In this study, we compared the outcome of these two techniques by using radiologic imaging and functional outcome. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with acute thoracolumbar burst fracture were operated with kyphoplasty (n = 31) or vertebroplasty (n = 30) and retrospectively reviewed in our institution between 2011 and 2014...
September 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881529/-results-for-the-treatment-of-fresh-type-thoracolumbar-vertebral-fracture-according-to-the-intraoperative-ct-scan
#5
Y W Li, H J Wang, Y S Wang, W Cui
Objective: To evaluate the value of intraoperative CT scanning in the treatment of fresh thoracolumbar burst fractures. Methods: From January 2008 to January 2015 , 161 patients with thoracolumbar fractures in Department of Orthopedics, Luohe City Central Hospital, were divided into two groups: 79 cases were treatment group which were treated with intraoperative CT scan and decompression mode was determined according to CT scan results during the period from October 2012 to January 2015. 82 patients as the observation group were treated without intraoperative CT scan and direct laminectomy were performed during the period...
September 5, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840673/-posterior-corpectomy-transpedicular-fixation-and-expandable-cage-placement-in-thoracolumbar-fractures
#6
S De la Cruz-Álvarez, J A Canales-Nájera, A Hurtado-Padilla, F Guevara-Villazón, J Ledezma-Ledezma
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the outcome of vertebral corpectomy and placement of an expandable cage in patients with thoracolumbar fractures, using a posterior-only approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, case series study in the period from May 2011 to May 2014, in which eight patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures were treated surgically with corpectomy of fractured spinal body, placement of expandable box and fixation with transpedicular system, via posterior-only approach...
March 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807432/non-neurologic-burst-thoracolumbar-fractures-fixation-case-control-study
#7
Aymeric Amelot, Joseph Cristini, Alexis Moles, Celine Salaud, Olivier Hamel, Eric Bord, Kevin Buffenoir
STUDY DESIGN: Burst fractures not associated with any neurological deficits are frequent but not therapeutic agreement on their management is available to date. This case-control study was conducted to try to help guide therapeutic decision in the treatment of such fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study includes consecutive retrospective evaluation of 25 case-patients treated by posterior short-segment fixation associated with kyphoplasty (SFK) in the treatment of A3 thoracolumbar unstable fractures, as compared to a control-group composed of 82 patients treated by long-segment (LF) pedicle screws...
August 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803178/treatment-of-unstable-thoracolumbar-fractures-does-fracture-level-fixation-accelerate-the-bone-healing
#8
Zühtü Özbek, Emre Özkara, Hasan Önner, Gültekin Baş, İpek Canan Erman, Hülya Özen, Emre Entok, Ali Arslantaş
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of fusion on short segment including fractured level (SSIFL) and long segment (LS) transpedicular fixation after acute thoracolumbar junction burst fractures. The 2-year clinical and radiologic follow-up results of the 2 groups also were compared. METHODS: Seventy-four patients were randomized into one of 2 groups: SSIFL (n = 39) or LS (n = 35). The SSIFL group included one level above and one level below, including the fracture level, whereas the LS group included 2 levels above and 2 levels below, excluding the fracture level, for the transpedicular fixation...
November 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801863/pedicle-screw-fixation-in-thoracolumbar-and-lumbar-spine-assisted-by-lateral-fluoroscopic-imaging-a-study-to-evaluate-the-accuracy-of-screw-placement
#9
S P Mohanty, S N Bhat, M Pai Kanhangad, G S Gosal
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement, its advantages, and limitations in posterior instrumentation of thoracolumbar and lumbar burst fractures assisted only by lateral fluoroscopic imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre- and postoperative computerized tomographic (CT) scans of 117 patients with thoracolumbar and lumbar burst fractures, who underwent posterior instrumentation with pedicle screw fixation, were prospectively analyzed...
August 11, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739475/posterior-osteosynthesis-with-monoaxial-lateral-mass-screw-rod-system-for-unstable-c1-burst-fractures
#10
Yin-Shun Zhang, Jian-Xiang Zhang, Qing-Guo Yang, Wei Li, Hui Tao, Cai-Liang Shen
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Surgical treatment for unstable atlas fractures has evolved in recent decades from C1-C2 or C0-C2 fusion to motion-preservation techniques of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). However, regardless of transoral or posterior approach, the reduction is still not satisfactory. PURPOSE: The article describes and evaluates a new technique for treating the unstable atlas fractures by using a monoaxial screw-rod system. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study PATIENT SAMPLE: The sample includes adult patients with unstable C1 fractures treated with a posterior monoaxial screw-rod system...
July 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735766/risk-factor-analysis-for-predicting-vertebral-body-re-collapse-after-posterior-instrumented-fusion-in-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture
#11
Hae-Dong Jang, Chungwon Bang, Jae Chul Lee, Jae-Wan Soh, Sung-Woo Choi, Hyeung-Kyu Cho, Byung-Joon Shin
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In the posterior instrumented fusion surgery for thoracolumbar (T-L) burst fracture, early postoperative re-collapse of well-reduced vertebral body fracture could induce critical complications such as correction loss, posttraumatic kyphosis, and metal failure, often leading to revision surgery. Furthermore, re-collapse is quite difficult to predict because of the variety of risk factors, and no widely accepted accurate prediction systems exist. Although load-sharing classification has been known to help to decide the need for additional anterior column support, this radiographic scoring system has several critical limitations...
July 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728206/-subaxial-cervical-spine-injuries-treatment-recommendations-of-the-german-orthopedic-and-trauma-society
#12
Philipp Schleicher, Matti Scholz, Frank Kandziora, Andreas Badke, Florian Hans Brakopp, Helmut Klaus Friedrich Ekkerlein, Erol Gercek, Rene Hartensuer, Philipp Hartung, Jan-Sven Gilbert Jarvers, Philipp Kobbe, Stefan Matschke, Robert Morrison, Christian W Müller, Miguel Pishnamaz, Maximilian Reinhold, Klaus John Schnake, Gregor Schmeiser, Gregor Stein, Bernhard Ullrich, Thomas Weiß, Volker Zimmermann
In a consensus process during four sessions in 2016, the working group "lower cervical spine" of the German Society for Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery (DGOU), formulated "Therapeutic Recommendations for the Lower Cervical Spine", taking into consideration the current literature. Therapeutic goals are a permanently stable, painless cervical spine and the protection against secondary neurologic damage while retaining the greatest possible amount of motion and spinal profile. Due to its ease of use and its proven good reliability, the AOSpine classification for subaxial cervical injuries should be used...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676461/cervical-burst-fracture-in-a-patient-with-contiguous-2-level-cervical-stand-alone-cages
#13
Rui Feng, Joshua Loewenstern, John Caridi
BACKGROUND: Cervical stand-alone interbody cages have seen increasingly wider use over the plate-and-screw construct in single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the treatment of cervical disc herniation and degenerative spondylotic conditions. Despite positive clinical outcomes, the efficacy and safety of using these devices in contiguous multilevel ACDF has remained controversial. This report discusses a burst fracture seen as a complication in multilevel cervical stand-alone cage use...
September 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662833/additional-vertebral-augmentation-with-posterior-instrumentation-for-unstable-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#14
Fu-Cheng Kao, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Chia-Wei Yu, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Po-Liang Lai, Chi-Chien Niu, Lih-Huei Chen, Wen-Jer Chen
BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of vertebral augmentation in kyphosis reduction, vertebral fracture union, and correction loss after surgical management of thoracolumbar burst fracture. DESIGN: Retrospective chart and radiographic review. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. METHODS: The analysis included patients treated between April 2007 and June 2015, who received pedicle-screw-rod distraction and reduction within two days following acute traumatic thoracolumbar burst fracture with a load sharing score >6...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660396/resolution-of-traumatic-vertebral-artery-dissection-and-occlusion-after-repositioning-and-posterior-c1-ring-osteosynthesis-of-a-displaced-jefferson-burst-fracture
#15
Andy Ottenbacher, Martin Bettag
A 70-year-old male sustained a Jefferson burst fracture with unilateral vertebral artery dissection and occlusion by displaced fragments. We performed reduction and posterior C1-ring osteosynthesis. We present a description of the intraoperative manual assessment of atlantoaxial stability. The vertebral artery was found with a good anterograde flow posteroperatively, and MRA showed reperfusion of the vessel. The patient was free of pain with preserved C1-C2 rotation after 6 weeks. Function-preserving posterior C1-ring osteosynthesis after reduction in a displaced Jefferson burst fracture complicated by vertebral artery dissection and occlusion may restore blood flow...
August 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641907/is-fusion-superior-to-non-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Tao Lan, Yang Chen, Shi-Yu Hu, Ao-Lin Li, Xin-Jian Yang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety between patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture who underwent posterior fixation alone (non-fusion) and supplemented with fusion. METHODS: A comprehensive search of related literature was performed in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library. Clinical outcomes (LBOS and VAS), surgical outcomes (operation time, blood loss, hospital stay and perioperative complications), and radiographic outcomes (kyphotic angle, decreased vertebral body height and segmental motion) were assessed in the meta-analysis...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619021/treatment-of-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-by-short-segment-pedicle-screw-fixation-using-a-combination-of-two-additional-pedicle-screws-and-vertebroplasty-at-the-level-of-the-fracture-a-finite-element-analysis
#17
Jen-Chung Liao, Weng-Pin Chen, Hao Wang
BACKGROUND: Traditional one-above and one-below four-screw posterior short-segment instrumentation is used for unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures. However, this method has a high rate of implant failure and early loss of reduction. The purpose of this study was to use finite element (FE) analysis to determine the effect of treating thoracolumbar burst fractures by short-segment pedicle screw fixation using a combination of two additional pedicle screws and vertebroplasty at the level of the fracture...
June 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593092/aortic-injury-due-to-paragliding-a-case-report
#18
Kazuhiko Omori, Kei Jitsuiki, Takashi Majima, Ikuto Takeuchi, Toshihiko Yoshizaw, Kouhei Ishikawa, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Keiichi Tambara, Youichi Yanagawa
A 64-year-old male fell from an altitude of 10 m while paragliding after stalling due to the wind. The purpose of this case report is to describe the outcomes after multiple injuries sustained during a paragliding accident, including a potentially life-threating injury to the thoracic aorta. The subject sustained a bite wound on his tongue, injuries to his chest (left side) and back, and a right forearm deformity. Enhanced whole body computed tomography (CT) revealed fractures of the bilateral laminae of the second and third cervical bones, right first rib, the tenth thoracic vertebral body (compression type), second lumbar vertebral body (burst type) and the right radius, Other injuries included an injury to the thoracic aortic arch and the presence of intraabdominal fluid collection without perforation of the digestive tract...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571219/bi-pedicle-fixation-of-affected-vertebra-in-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture
#19
Pravin Padalkar, Varshil Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Burst fractures of the spine account for 14% of all spinal injuries and more than 50% of all thoracolumbar trauma. However, there is ambiguity while choosing the right treatment plan. Short Segment Pedicle screw Fixation (SSPF) has become an increasingly popular method of treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures, providing the advantage of incorporating fewer motion segments in the fixation. Various biomechanical studies showed that the use of pedicle screws could achieve stable construct within short-segment fixation...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538596/acute-and-hyper-acute-thoracolumbar-corpectomy-for-traumatic-burst-fractures-using-a-mini-open-lateral-approach
#20
William D Smith, Nick Ghazarian, Ginger Christian
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to examine the feasibility of acute (<24 hours) and hyper-acute (<8 hours) treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures to maintain or improve spinal injury scores. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Historically, treatment of spinal burst fractures within 24 hours from injury was considered an "acute" treatment timeframe. Patient polytrauma triage, multiple surgical specialty and hospital resource coordination affect time to treatment...
May 22, 2017: Spine
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