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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448428/therapeutic-ultrasound-in-navicular-stress-injuries-in-elite-track-and-field-athletes
#1
Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Dimosthenis Alaseirlis, George Konstantinidis, Agapi Papalada, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Kosmas Petras, Nicola Maffulli
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) can be used to assess the progression of conservative management in navicular stress injuries. DESIGN: This is a prospective, clinical case series. Level of evidence IV. SETTING: All participants were examined and followed up in a private Sports Injury Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Ten elite track and field athletes with severe dorsal midfoot pain over the navicular bone participated in this study...
May 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445273/staged-management-of-open-lisfranc-injury-experience-from-14-patients
#2
Wenqi Gu, Zhongmin Shi
There are still controversies on the management and outcome of open Lisfranc injury in available studies. This study evaluates the staged management of Lisfranc injury and its complications.Patients who received a staged strategy for open Lisfranc injury were reviewed.One patient with degloving injury suffered from partial skin and hallux necrosis which was treated by debridement, hallux amputation, definitive internal fixation, and local flap transfer on the 12th day after first stage management. A definitive internal fixation and simultaneous skin graft or flap coverage were performed in another 3 patients with soft tissue defects...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425251/evaluation-of-plantar-pressure-distributions-in-patients-with-anteriorcruciate-ligament-deficiency-preoperative-and-postoperative-changes
#3
Engin Çetin, Mehmet Ali Deveci, Murat Songür, Hamza Özer, Sacit Turanli
BACKGROUND/AIM: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency results in several kinematic changes in the lower extremities. The aim of this study is to define the plantar pressure parameters in ACL-deficient patients and to show the effect of ACL reconstruction on dynamic plantar pressure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients with unilateral ACL rupture and 40 healthy controls were included in this study. Dynamic plantar pressures of both groups were recorded by the EMED SF-2 system during level walking...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422549/obesity-is-associated-with-altered-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-elderly-women
#4
Silvia Gonçalves Ricci Neri, André Bonadias Gadelha, Ana Luiza Matias Correia, Juscélia Cristina Pereira, Ana Cristina de David, Ricardo Moreno Lima
Increased plantar pressure has been found to be related with greater risk of falling. Although there is evidence suggesting that obesity is linked to foot disorders, the association between obesity and plantar pressure of older adults has been poorly investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between obesity and plantar pressure distribution and to explore its relationship with body fat distribution. Two hundred and eleven elderly women took part in this cross-sectional study. Body mass index were taken for obesity classification...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397549/functional-impairment-of-patients-undergoing-surgical-correction-for-charcot-foot-arthropathy
#5
Ellen Kroin, Adam Schiff, Michael S Pinzur, Elissa S Davis, Edwin Chaharbakhshi, Frank A DiSilvio
BACKGROUND: Investigations using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Healthy Survey (SF-36) and the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Diabetic Foot Questionnaire (AOFAS-DFQ) have demonstrated a poor quality of life in patients with Charcot foot arthropathy. The Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) questionnaire has been widely used in patients with a broad range of musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive patients undergoing operative correction for diabetes-related Charcot foot arthropathy of the midfoot completed the SMFA prior to undergoing surgery...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394676/communication-of-contrast-in-the-flexor-hallucis-longus-tendon-with-other-pedal-tendons-at-the-master-knot-of-henry
#6
Sayed Ali, Nicole L Griffin, Whitney Ellis, Andrew J Meyr
It is important to have a full appreciation of lower-extremity anatomical relationships before undertaking diabetic foot surgery. We sought to evaluate the potential for communication of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon with other pedal tendons and plantar foot compartments at the master knot of Henry and to provide cadaveric images and computed tomographic (CT) scans of such communications. Computed tomography and subsequent anatomical dissection were performed on embalmed cadaveric limbs. Initially, 5 to 10 mL (1:4 dilution) of iohexol and normal saline was injected into the FHL sheath as it coursed between the two hallux sesamoids...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390686/do-columns-or-sagittal-displacement-matter-in-the-assessment-and-management-of-lisfranc-fracture-dislocation-an-alternate-approach-to-classification-of-the-lisfranc-injury
#7
Simon C Lau, Catherine Guest, Marucs Hall, Mark Tacey, Samuel Joseph, Andrew Oppy
AIM: The classification of a Lisfranc injury has conventionally been based around Myerson's system. The aims of this study were to review whether a novel classification system based on sagittal displacement of the tarsometatarsal joint and breadth of injury as determined by a columnar theory was associated with functional outcomes and thus had a greater utility. PATIENTS: We retrospectively reviewed 54 Lisfranc injuries with a minimum follow up of two years at our Level One Trauma Centre...
March 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375890/ratio-of-range-of-motion-of-the-ankle-and-surrounding-joints-after-total-ankle-replacement-a-radiographic-cohort-study
#8
Travis J Dekker, Kamran S Hamid, Mark E Easley, James K DeOrio, James A Nunley, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: This study attempted to identify where motion occurs after total ankle replacement, the difference in range-of-motion contributions between fixed-bearing and mobile-bearing total ankle replacements, and the contribution of abnormal peritalar motion. We hypothesized that sagittal plane radiographic assessment would demonstrate that actual ankle motion through the prosthesis is less than the total arc of ankle motion that may be observed clinically secondary to contributions from adjacent joints...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371497/staged-management-of-missed-lisfranc-injuries-a-report-of-short-term-results
#9
Pin Feng, Ya-Xing Li, Jia Li, Xiang-Yu Ouyang, Wei Deng, Yu Chen, Hui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Lisfranc joint injury is a rare injury and can be easily missed at the initial treatment. Once ignored, late reduction is very difficult and requires extensive dissection. Surgical outcome is not as good as in the case of an early reduction. The aim of this cohort study was to analyze the midterm clinical and radiographic outcomes of staged reduction and fixation in a consecutive series of patients with old Lisfranc injuries. METHODS: Fifteen patients (16 feet) with missed Lisfranc injuries were treated with staged reduction...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367696/endoscopic-recession-of-the-gastrocnemius-tendon
#10
Phinit Phisitkul, Alexej Barg, Annunziato Amendola
Gastrocnemius contracture is a common condition associated with painful overload symptoms in the forefoot and midfoot. Multiple techniques have been described for the recession of gastrocnemius tendon in patients who failed nonsurgical treatment. We present an endoscopic recession technique for the release of the gastrocnemius tendon just distal to the level of the musculotendinous junction as a minimally invasive operative option. This technique aims to decrease wound complications, unsightly scar, overlengthening, and postoperative pain, while having versatility for performing with supine or prone positioning...
April 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367692/operative-wound-complications-following-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#11
Christopher E Gross, Kamran S Hamid, Cynthia Green, Mark E Easley, James K DeOrio, James A Nunley
BACKGROUND: Wound complications following total ankle replacement (TAR) potentially lead to devastating consequences. The aim of this study was to compare the operative and demographic differences in patients with and without major wound problems which required operative management. We hypothesized that increased tourniquet and operative time would negatively influence wound healing. METHODS: We identified a consecutive series of 762 primary TARs performed between December 1999 and April 2014 whose data were prospectively collected...
April 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361192/-malalignment-of-the-first-ray-clinical-and-radiological-diagnostics
#12
M Walther
Clinical and radiological examination of the foot are mandatory before surgical correction of the forefoot. The clinical examination includes leg axis, position of the hind foot, deformity of the first ray as well as skin conditions, pulse status and possible sensitive deficits. A shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle can be identified using the Silfverskiöld test. Discomfort in the midfoot can indicate pathologies of the tarsometatarsal joint and the same applies for osteophyte infiltration around the Lisfranc joint line, whereby the second tarsometatarsal joint often shows more advanced degenerative arthritis than the first tarsometatarsal joint...
March 30, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345173/increasing-preferred-step-rate-during-running-reduces-plantar-pressures
#13
James M Gerrard, Daniel R Bonanno
Increasing preferred step rate during running is a commonly used strategy in the management of running-related injuries. This study investigated the effect of different step rates on plantar pressures during running. Thirty-two healthy runners ran at a comfortable speed on a treadmill at five step rates (preferred, ±5%, and ±10%). For each step rate, plantar pressure data were collected using the pedar-X in-shoe system. Compared to running with a preferred step rate, a 10% increase in step rate significantly reduced peak pressure (144...
March 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344910/gravity-stress-radiograph-revealing-instability-at-the-first-metatarso-cuneiform-joint-in-lisfranc-injury
#14
Pejma Shazadeh Safavi, William Weiss, Vinod Panchbhavi
Lisfranc injuries are commonly missed in the acute setting, largely due to subtle findings that often require weightbearing radiographs or more complex imaging for diagnosis. The long-term consequences of missed injuries are debilitating osteoarthritis of the midfoot, but this may be prevented with appropriate diagnosis and treatment. This case study presents a Lisfranc injury initially diagnosed by gravity stress radiograph. While used for other injuries, there is no literature on the use of gravity stress radiographs for diagnosis of Lisfranc injuries...
February 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336190/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-of-midfoot-derotational-osteotomy-for-midfoot-forefoot-varus-deformity
#15
Hong-Geun Jung, Dong-Oh Lee, Sang-Hun Lee, Joon-Sang Eom
BACKGROUND: Moderate to severe midfoot-forefoot varus deformities are commonly found in several conditions. However, few techniques are available to correct these deformities. So, we evaluated the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent midfoot derotational osteotomy to achieve plantigrade foot. METHODS: From 2006 to 2014, 6 patients (7 feet) underwent midfoot derotational osteotomy. A visual analog scale (VAS) pain and the American Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) functional score were evaluated...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336046/charcot-arthropathy-versus-osteomyelitis-evaluation-and-management
#16
REVIEW
John Womack
Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle is a severe complication of peripheral neuropathy and is most commonly seen in the developed world in association with diabetes mellitus. Correct diagnosis and differentiation from osteomyelitis of the foot and ankle are critical to guide treatment. It can exist concomitantly with osteomyelitis, typically in the setting of an advanced midfoot ulcer. Simple plain radiographs and contrasted MRI studies often yield inconclusive or confusing data. Correct use of imaging studies and a clinical algorithm can be effective tools to help make accurate and early diagnoses and guide clinical interventions for these conditions...
April 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323803/patient-response-to-an-integrated-orthotic-and-rehabilitation-initiative-for-traumatic-injuries-the-prioriti-mtf-study
#17
Joseph R Hsu, Johnny G Owens, Jennifer DeSanto, John R Fergason, Kevin M Kuhn, Benjamin K Potter, Daniel J Stinner, Robert G Sheu, Sandra L Waggoner, Jason M Wilken, Yanjie Huang, Daniel O Scharfstein, Ellen J MacKenzie
Although limb salvage is now possible for many high-energy open fractures and crush injuries to the distal tibia, ankle, hindfoot, and midfoot, orthotic options are limited. The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is a custom, energy-storing carbon fiber orthosis developed for trauma patients undergoing limb salvage. The IDEO differs from other orthoses in that it allows patients with ankle weakness to have more normal ankle biomechanics and increased ankle power. This article describes the design of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of the IDEO when delivered together with a high-intensity, sports medicine-based approach to rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317554/chimpanzee-and-human-midfoot-motion-during-bipedal-walking-and-the-evolution-of-the-longitudinal-arch-of-the-foot
#18
Nicholas B Holowka, Matthew C O'Neill, Nathan E Thompson, Brigitte Demes
The longitudinal arch of the human foot is commonly thought to reduce midfoot joint motion to convert the foot into a rigid lever during push off in bipedal walking. In contrast, African apes have been observed to exhibit midfoot dorsiflexion following heel lift during terrestrial locomotion, presumably due to their possession of highly mobile midfoot joints. This assumed dichotomy between human and African ape midfoot mobility has recently been questioned based on indirect assessments of in vivo midfoot motion, such as plantar pressure and cadaver studies; however, direct quantitative analyses of African ape midfoot kinematics during locomotion remain scarce...
March 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315576/control-of-lower-extremity-edema-in-patients-with-diabetes-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-efficacy-of-mild-compression-diabetic-socks
#19
Stephanie C Wu, Ryan T Crews, Melissa Skratsky, Julia Overstreet, Sai V Yalla, Michelle Winder, Jacquelyn Ortiz, Charles A Andersen
AIMS: Persons with diabetes frequently present with lower extremity (LE) edema; however, compression therapy is generally avoided for fear of compromising arterial circulation in a population with a high prevalence of peripheral arterial disease. This double blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) assessed whether diabetic socks with mild compression could reduce LE edema in patients with diabetes without negatively impacting vascularity. METHODS: Eighty subjects with LE edema and diabetes were randomized to receive either mild-compression knee high diabetic socks (18-25mmHg) or non-compression knee high diabetic socks...
February 27, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304274/a-mid-term-follow-up-of-koutsogiannis-osteotomy-in-adult-acquired-flatfoot-stage-ii-and-early-stage-iii
#20
Camilla Arvinius, Elena Manrique, Antonio Urda, Zulema Cardoso, Jose Enrique Galeote, Fernando Marco
INTRODUCTION: Koutsogiannis' osteotomy has been widely described to treat adult-acquired flatfoot. However, few articles describe its midterm follow-up. Our aim was to study clinical and radiological outcomes at least one year after surgery and to analyze whether a combined procedure on the medial soft tissue affected these outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 30 feet of patients who underwent a Koutsogiannis' osteotomy due to adult-acquired flatfoot stage II and "early stage III": a stage III acquired flatfoot without any important structural deformities...
2017: SICOT-J
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