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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918280/from-sport-hunting-to-breeding-success-patterns-of-lead-ammunition-ingestion-and-its-effects-on-an-endangered-raptor
#1
José M Gil-Sánchez, Saray Molleda, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Jesús Bautista, Isabel Navas, Raquel Godinho, Antonio J García-Fernández, Marcos Moleón
Lead is highly toxic for wildlife, with pernicious consequences especially in long-lived predators. The causes of lead ammunition ingestion in Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata) and its effects on breeding success were studied in one of the most important populations of this endangered species in Europe. Regurgitated pellets belonging to different pairs from 2004 to 2014 were analyzed, both in the breeding (1363 pellets from 12 territories) and non-breeding (172 pellets from 9 territories) seasons. From these territories, 57 molted feathers to study lead contamination were analyzed, and breeding success was monitored for 41 breeding attempts...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918134/crystallization-and-demineralization-phenomena-in-washed-rind-cheese
#2
Gil F Tansman, Paul S Kindstedt, John M Hughes
This report documents an observational study of a high-moisture washed-rind cheese. Three batches of cheese were sampled on a weekly basis for 6 wk and again at wk 10. Center, under-rind, rind, and smear samples were tested for pH, moisture, and selected mineral elements. Powder x-ray diffractometry and petrographic microscopy were applied to identify and image the crystal phases. The pH of the rind increased by over 2 pH units by wk 10. The pH of the under-rind increased but remained below the rind pH, whereas the center pH decreased for most of aging and only began to rise after wk 5...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918093/topological-structure-determination-of-rna-using-small-angle-x-ray-scattering
#3
Yuba R Bhandari, Linxin Fan, Xianyang Fang, George Zaki, Eric A Stahlberg, Wei Jiang, Charles D Schwieters, Jason R Stagno, Yun-Xing Wang
Knowledge of RNA three-dimensional topological structures provides important insight into the relationship between RNA structural components and function. It is often likely that near complete sets of biochemical and biophysical data containing structural restraints are not available but one still wants to obtain knowledge about approximate topological folding of RNA. In this regard, general methods for determining such topological structures with minimum readily available restraints are lacking. Naked RNAs are difficult to crystallize and NMR spectroscopy is generally limited to small RNA fragments...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917896/environmental-and-technical-feasibility-of-cellulose-nanocrystal-manufacturing-from-sugarcane-bagasse
#4
Rosineide Miranda Leão, Patrícia Câmara Miléo, João M L L Maia, Sandra Maria Luz
The environmental and technical feasibility of cellulose nanocrystal production from sugarcane bagasse fibers was evaluated. First, the life cycle assessment (LCA) is presented as a methodology to investigate the most feasible form of obtainment. The environmental impacts regarding climate change and water footprint were evaluated considering a gate-to-gate process and a functional unit of 1kg. The inventory data encompassed sugarcane plantation and pretreatment, bleaching and hydrolysis for bagasse generation...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917829/a-chinese-boy-with-geleophysic-dysplasia-caused-by-compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-adamtsl2
#5
Li Dongxiao, Dong Hui, Zheng Hong, Song Jinqing, Li Xiyuan, Jin Ying, Liu Yupeng, Yang Yanling
Geleophysic dysplasia, belonging to the group of acromelic dysplasia, is a rare genetic disease. Two genes, FBN1 and ADAMTSL2, were known to be linked to this disorder. The disorder presents as extreme short stature, short limbs, small hands and feet, stubby fingers and toes, joint stiffness, toe walking, skin thickening, progressive cardiac valvular thickening and characteristic facial features, including a round face with full cheeks. Here, we report the first Chinese case with geleophysic dysplasia type 1 based on clinical and genetic features...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917431/results-of-toccata-%C3%A2-resurfacing-pip-joint-arthroplasty-a-series-of-32%C3%A2-cases-at-a-mean-follow-up-of-5-9%C3%A2-years
#6
W Kim, B Renaud, P Dumontier, J-L Condamine
The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) resurfacing arthroplasty for treating osteoarthritis: the PIP Toccata implant(®). This was a retrospective study of 32 out of 33 PIP arthroplasty cases performed with a dorsolateral or a Chamay approach by two surgeons after a minimum follow-up of 24 months. Patients were reviewed using a standardized assessment of pain, function, mobility and radiological changes. The average follow-up was 5.9 years. The mean active range of motion was 67° (15-95)...
September 13, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917177/formation-of-iodinated-thms-during-chlorination-of-water-and-wastewater-in-the-presence-of-different-iodine-sources
#7
Ioanna Pantelaki, Dimitra Voutsa
The formation potential of iodinated trihalomethanes (I-THMs) during chlorination of different organic precursors in the presence of various iodine sources was studied. Organic precursors included humic acid, natural organic matter from river water and wastewater effluent organic matter. Inorganic iodide and two iodinated X-ray contrast media compounds (iopamidol and diatrizoate) were used as iodine sources. The formation potential of I-THMs under different experimental conditions (chlorination contact time, iodide and bromide concentrations) was investigated...
September 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915499/linkage-charge-state-and-layer-of-l-cysteine-on-copper-surfaces
#8
Chuntao Wang, Xiaoxiao Luo, Zehui Jia
The control of linkage and charge state between biomolecules and metals represents a key issue for the architect of bioactive systems. In this paper, the linkage, charge state and layer of L-Cysteine (L-Cys) self-assembled films were handled on copper surfaces at pH=6.86. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were performed to measure the film quality and the details of self-assembled progress. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and quantum chemical calculations of density functional theory (DFT) were used to characterize the linkage, charge state and layer of the L-Cys molecules on copper surfaces...
September 7, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915025/structural-evidence-for-the-dopamine-first-mechanism-of-norcoclaurine-synthase
#9
Benjamin R Lichman, Altin Sula, Thomas Pesnot, Helen C Hailes, John Ward, Nicholas H Keep
Norcoclaurine synthase (NCS) is a Pictet-Spenglerase that catalyzes the first key step in plant benzylisoquinoline alkaloid metabolism, a compound family that includes bioactive natural products such as morphine. The enzyme has also shown great potential as a biocata-lyst for the formation of chiral isoquinolines. Here we present new high-resolution X-ray crystallography data describing Thalictrum flavum NCS bound to a mechanism inspired ligand. The structure supports two key features of the NCS 'dopamine-first' mechanism: the binding of dopamine catechol to Lys-122 and the position of the carbonyl substrate binding site at the active site entrance...
September 15, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915017/cationic-and-anionic-disorder-in-cztsse-kesterite-compounds-a-chemical-crystallography-study
#10
Pierre Bais, Maria Teresa Caldes, Michaël Paris, Catherine Guillot-Deudon, Pierre Fertey, Bernadette Domengès, Alain Lafond
The cationic and anionic disorder in the Cu2ZnSnSe4-Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTSe-CZTS) system has been investigated through a chemical crystallography approach including X-ray diffraction (in conventional and resonant setup), (119)Sn and (77)Se NMR spectroscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) techniques. Single-crystal XRD analysis demonstrates that the studied compounds behave as a solid solution with the kesterite crystal structure in the whole S/(S + Se) composition range. As previously reported for pure sulfide and pure selenide compounds, the (119)Sn NMR spectroscopy study gives clear evidence that the level of Cu/Zn disorder in mixed S/Se compounds depends on the thermal history of the samples (slow cooled or quenched)...
September 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914946/the-role-of-metal-oxide-interactions-revisiting-pt-growth-on-the-tio2-surface-in-the-process-of-impregnation-method
#11
Zhi Jiang, Zhongti Sun, Yuqi Yang, Siyu Chen, Wenfeng Shangguan, Xiaojun Wu
First-principles calculations and experiments with PtOx on TiO2 surfaces were performed together to understand the interactions of metal oxides during the calcination process and their influence on the growth pattern of Pt on the TiO2 surface. Our calculations indicate that PtOx with a high concentration of oxygen binds more strongly to rutile than to anatase, indicating the formation of stronger interactions between Pt oxide and the rutile surface compared with anatase during the calcination stage under an oxidative atmosphere...
September 15, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914293/the-first-lead-cobalt-phosphite-pbco2-hpo3-3
#12
Vadim M Kovrugin, Marie Colmont, Oleg I Siidra, Sergey V Krivovichev, Silviu Colis, Olivier Mentré
Single crystals of a new lead cobalt phosphite, PbCo2(HPO3)3, have been synthesized using mild hydrothermal techniques and characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis, SQUID magnetic measurements, IR spectroscopy, UV/vis spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. PbCo2(HPO3)3 crystallizes in the non-centrosymmetric (NCS) R3m space group, a = 5.3145(15) Å, c = 25.494(7) Å, V = 623.6(4) Å(3). The crystal structure of PbCo2(HPO3)3 is based upon 2D heteropolyhedral blocks built up from Co2O9 octahedral dimers and HPO3 pseudo-tetrahedra...
September 15, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913880/contraction-of-%C3%AF-conjugated-rings-upon-oxidation-from-cyclooctatetraene-to-benzene-via-tropylium-cation
#13
Akira Tamoto, Naoki Aratani, Hiroko Yamada
We have serendipitously discovered the unique transformation of a cyclooctatetraene derivative 1 for the first time in 60 years, to a cycloheptatriene spirolactone 3 upon oxidation. The product 3 could be reversibly interconverted to the aromatic tropylium cation 3H+ by acid/base accompanying drastic spectral changes. The resultant cycloheptatriene could be further converted to benzene upon oxidation. We could characterize all the key structures by X-ray analysis. Eventually, the π-conjugated ring size shrinks from 8 to 7, then finally 6 upon oxidation, directing to the stronger aromatization...
September 15, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913542/metal-release-profiles-of-orthodontic-bands-brackets-and-wires-an-in-vitro-study
#14
B Wendl, H Wiltsche, E Lankmayr, H Winsauer, A Walter, A Muchitsch, N Jakse, M Wendl, T Wendl
AIM: The present study evaluated the temporal release of Co Cr, Mn, and Ni from the components of a typical orthodontic appliance during simulated orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several commercially available types of bands, brackets, and wires were exposed to an artificial saliva solution for at least 44 days and the metals released were quantified in regular intervals using inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-MS, Elan DRC+, Perkin Elmer, USA)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913160/pancoast-tumor-approach-through-oesophagus
#15
Eritjan Tashi, Perlat Kapisyzi, Daniela Xhemalaj, Alma Andoni, Ilir Peposhi
Patient with Pancoast Tumor usually present in advanced stage of the disease which requires chemotherapy and radiotherapy as options of treatment. Histologic confirmation is a key for further treatment of these patients. Normally in bronchoscopy the lesion can't be visualised and in result making biopsy difficult to perform. Transthoracic biopsy through computed tomography poses anatomic difficulties and not always the pulmonary lesion can be reached. We report a case of pancoast tumor in a 68 year old male who presented with left arm pain and upper lobe increased density mass in chest x ray...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912379/element-based-prognostics-of-occupational-pneumoconiosis-using-micro-proton-induced-x-ray-emission-analysis
#16
Xiaodong He, Hao Shen, Zidan Chen, Caicai Rong, Minqin Ren, Likun Hou, Chunyan Wu, Ling Mao, Quan Lu, B O Su
Pneumoconiosis is an occupational disease accompanied by long-term lung impairment for which prediction of prognosis is poorly understood because of the complexity of the inhaled particles. Micro-proton-induced X-ray emission (micro-PIXE) analysis, which is advantageous for high-sensitivity 2D element mapping of lung tissues, was used to investigate element-based predictive factors of prognosis in Chinese patients with welder's and coal miner's pneumoconiosis. Chest radiographs and lung function tests showed that most of the coal miners deteriorated, while symptoms in some welders were alleviated after five years, as determined by comparing percent vital capacity (VC%) and forced expiratory volume in the first second over forced vital capacity (FEV1...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910116/hard-x-ray-induced-valence-tautomeric-interconversion-in-cobalt-o-dioxolene-complexes
#17
Thiago Martins Francisco, William J Gee, Helena J Shepherd, Mark R Warren, David A Shultz, Paul R Raithby, Carlos B Pinheiro
The valence tautomeric interconversion (VTI) is a reversible process occurring in metal complexes in which an intramolecular metal-ligand electron transfer is accompanied by a change of metal ion spin state creating two switchable electronic states (redox isomers). Herein, we describe the low temperature, 30 - 100 K, single-crystal study of the [Co(diox)2(4-CN-py)2]·benzene complex (1) (diox = 3,5-di-t-butylsemiquinonate (SQ(•-)) and/or 3,5-di-t-butylcatecholate (Cat(2-)) radical; 4-CN-py = 4-cyano-pyridine) using hard synchrotron X-ray radiation with different intensities...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910070/ultrafast-and-efficient-extraction-of-uranium-from-seawater-using-an-amidoxime-appended-metal-organic-framework
#18
Long Chen, Zhuanling Bai, Lin Zhu, Lin-Juan Zhang, Yawen Cai, Yuxiang Li, Wei Liu, Yanlong Wang, Lanhua Chen, Juan Diwu, Jianqiang Wang, Zhifang Chai, Shuao Wang
Enrichment of uranyl from seawater is crucial for the sustainable development of nuclear energy but current uranium extraction technology suffers from multiple drawbacks of low sorption efficiency, slow uptake kinetics, or poor extraction selectivity. Herein, we prepared the first example of amidoxime appended metal-organic framework UiO-66-AO by post-synthetic modification method for rapid and efficient extraction of uranium from seawater. UiO-66-AO can remove 94.8% of uranyl ion from Bohai seawater within 120 min and 99% of uranyl ion from Bohai seawater containing extra 500 ppb uranium within 10 min...
September 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906570/probing-novel-microstructural-evolution-mechanisms-in-aluminum-alloys-using-4d-nanoscale-characterization
#19
C Shashank Kaira, V De Andrade, Sudhanshu S Singh, C Kantzos, Antony Kirubanandham, F De Carlo, Nikhilesh Chawla
Dispersions of nanoscale precipitates in metallic alloys have been known to play a key role in strengthening, by increasing their strain hardenability and providing resistance to deformation. Although these phenomena have been extensively investigated in the last century, the traditional approaches employed in the past have not rendered an authoritative microstructural understanding in such materials. The effect of the precipitates' inherent complex morphology and their 3D spatial distribution on evolution and deformation behavior have often been precluded...
September 14, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906523/low-temperature-flux-syntheses-of-ultraviolet-transparent-borophosphates-na4mb2p3o13-m-rb-cs-exhibiting-a-second-harmonic-generation-response
#20
Chao Wu, Longhua Li, Gang Yang, Junling Song, Bing Yan, Mark G Humphrey, Long Zhang, Jianda Shao, Chi Zhang
The first non-centrosymmetric mixed-alkali-metal borophosphates, Na4MB2P3O13 (M = Rb 1, Cs 2), were obtained using a low-temperature flux method. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of 1 and 2 reveal that the two compounds are isostructural, both crystallizing in the orthorhombic space group Pna21; their structures consist of novel 1D borophosphate chains constructed from B2P3O14 fundamental building units, assembled into a 3D framework by alkali metal cations. Second-harmonic generation (SHG) measurements show that 1 and 2 are type-I phase-matchable, with SHG responses ca...
September 14, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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