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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345931/umbrella-sampling-and-x-ray-crystallographic-analysis-unveil-an-arg-asp-gate-facilitating-inhibitor-binding-inside-phosphopantetheine-adenylyltransferase-allosteric-cleft
#1
Abhisek Mondal, Rakesh Chatterjee, Saumen Datta
Phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase (PPAT) is a rate limiting enzyme essential for biosynthesis of coenzyme A (CoA) which in turn is responsible to regulate the secretion of exotoxins via type III secretion system in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, causing severe health concerns ranging from nosocomial infections to respiratory failure. Acetyl Coenzyme A (AcCoA) is a newly reported inhibitor of PPAT, believed to regulate the cellular levels of CoA and thereby the pathogenesis. Very little is known so far regarding the mechanistic details of AcCoA binding inside PPAT binding cleft...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345459/bifunctional-hybrid-catalysts-with-perovskite-laco0-8fe0-2o3-nanowires-and-reduced-graphene-oxide-sheets-for-an-efficient-li-o2-battery-cathode
#2
Jong Guk Kim, Youngmin Kim, Yuseong Noh, Seonhwa Lee, Yoongon Kim, Won Bae Kim
In this paper, bifunctional catalysts consisting of perovskite LaCo0.8Fe0.2O3 nanowires (LCFO NWs) with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets were prepared for use in lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) battery cathodes. The structure and morphology of bifunctional LCFO@rGO catalysts were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The prepared LCFO@rGO composite was explored as a cathode catalyst for Li-O2 batteries, resulted in an outstanding discharge capacity (ca...
January 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345384/a-single-molecule-propyne-trap-highly-efficient-removal-of-propyne-from-propylene-with-anion-pillared-ultramicroporous-materials
#3
Lifeng Yang, Xili Cui, Qiwei Yang, Siheng Qian, Hui Wu, Zongbi Bao, Zhiguo Zhang, Qilong Ren, Wei Zhou, Banglin Chen, Huabin Xing
Propyne/propylene (C3 H4 /C3 H6 ) separation is a critical process for the production of polymer-grade C3 H6 . However, optimization of the structure of porous materials for the highly efficient removal of C3 H4 from C3 H6 remains challenging due to their similar structures and ultralow C3 H4 concentration. Here, it is first reported that hybrid ultramicroporous materials with pillared inorganic anions (SiF62- = SIFSIX, NbOF52- = NbOFFIVE) can serve as highly selective C3 H4 traps for the removal of trace C3 H4 from C3 H6 ...
January 18, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344901/imaging-characteristics-and-first-experience-of-68ga-thp-psma-a-novel-probe-for-rapid-kit-based-ga-68-labeling-and-pet-imaging-comparative-analysis-with-68ga-psma-i-t
#4
Thorsten Derlin, Sebastian Schmuck, Cathleen Juhl, Steffi Teichert, Johanna Zörgiebel, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Sophie M Schneefeld, Almut C A Walte, James T Thackeray, Tobias L Ross, Frank M Bengel
PURPOSE: [68Ga]Trishydroxypyridinone (THP)-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a novel tracer that can be labeled in one step by cold reconstitution of a kit with unprocessed generator eluate, targeting PSMA via the lysine-urea-glutamate (KuE) motif. The aim of this study was to evaluate the human imaging characteristics of [68Ga]THP-PSMA. PROCEDURES: [68Ga]THP-PSMA positron emission tomography (PET)/x-ray computed tomography (CT) was performed in 25 patients with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344378/clinical-outcomes-and-costs-of-cardiac-revascularisation-in-england-and-new-york-state
#5
Francisco Leyva, Tian Qiu, Felicity Evison, Christopher Christoforou, David McNulty, Peter Ludman, Daniel Ray
Objectives: Healthcare expenditure per-capita in the USA is higher than in England. We hypothesised that clinical outcomes after cardiac revascularisation are better in the USA. We compared costs and outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in England and New York State (NYS). Methods: Costs and total mortality were assessed using the Hospital Episode Statistics for England and the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System for NYS...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344033/investigating-the-prevalence-of-low-bone-mass-in-children-of-southern-iran-and-its-associated-factors
#6
Forough Saki, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Marjan Jeddi, Marzie Bakhshaieshkaram, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh
Background: Improving peak bone mass and bone strength in the first years of life and enhancing it during young adulthood could prevent osteoporosis and fractures in the last years of life. We evaluated the prevalence of low bone mass in the lumbar and femoral neck and its associated factors in southern Iranian children. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on healthy Iranian children aged 9 - 18 years old during 2011 - 2012. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) was used for measuring bone mineral density (BMD)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343724/the-uv-filtering-potential-of-drop-casted-layers-of-frustules-of-three-diatom-species
#7
Yanyan Su, Torben A Lenau, Emil Gundersen, Jacob J K Kirkensgaard, Christian Maibohm, Jérôme Pinti, Marianne Ellegaard
Diatoms are in focus as biological materials for a range of photonic applications. Many of these applications would require embedding a multitude of diatoms in a matrix (e.g. paint, crème or lacquer); however, most studies on the photonic and spectral properties of diatoms frustules (silica walls) have been carried out on single cells. In this study, for the first time, we test the spectral properties of layers of frustules of three diatom species (Coscinodiscus granii, Thalassiosira punctifera and Thalassiosira pseudonana), with special focus on transmission and reflectance in the UV range...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343612/structural-and-functional-characterisation-of-the-cytochrome-p450-enzyme-cyp268a2-from-mycobacterium-marinum
#8
Stella A Child, Elise F Naumann, John B Bruning, Stephen G Bell
Members of the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase family CYP268 are found across a broad range of Mycobacterium species including the pathogens Mycobacterium avium, M. colombiense,M. kansasii and Mmarinum CYP268A2, from M. marinum , which is the first member of this family to be studied, was purified and characterised. CYP268A2 was found to bind a variety of substrates with high affinity, including branched and straight-chain fatty acids (C10-C12), acetate esters, and aromatic compounds. The enzyme was also found to bind phenylimidazole inhibitors but not larger azoles, such as ketoconazole...
January 17, 2018: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342978/host-guest-interaction-of-cucurbit-8-uril-with-n-3-aminopropyl-cyclohexylamine-cyclohexyl-encapsulation-triggered-ternary-complex
#9
Yu Xia, Chuan-Zeng Wang, Mengkui Tian, Zhu Tao, Xin-Long Ni, Timothy J Prior, Carl Redshaw
The host-guest interaction of a series of cyclohexyl-appended guests with cucurbit[8]uril (Q[8]) was studied by ¹H NMR spectroscopy, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and X-ray crystallography. The X-ray structure revealed that two cycloalkane moieties can be simultaneously encapsulated in the hydrophobic cavity of the Q[8] host to form a ternary complex for the first time.
January 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342917/nitrogen-doped-carbon-for-red-phosphorous-based-anode-materials-for-lithium-ion-batteries
#10
Jiaoyang Li, Yumin Qian, Li Wang, Xiangming He
Serving as conductive matrix and stress buffer, the carbon matrix plays a pivotal role in enabling red phosphorus to be a promising anode material for high capacity lithium ion batteries and sodium ion batteries. In this paper, nitrogen-doping is proved to effective enhance the interface interaction between carbon and red phosphorus. In detail, the adsorption energy between phosphorus atoms and oxygen-containing functional groups on the carbon is significantly reduced by nitrogen doping, as verified by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy...
January 15, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342894/crystallization-of-tio%C3%A2-nanotubes-by-in-situ-heating-tem
#11
Alberto Casu, Andrea Lamberti, Stefano Stassi, Andrea Falqui
The thermally-induced crystallization of anodically grown TiO₂ amorphous nanotubes has been studied so far under ambient pressure conditions by techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry and in situ X-ray diffraction, then looking at the overall response of several thousands of nanotubes in a carpet arrangement. Here we report a study of this phenomenon based on an in situ transmission electron microscopy approach that uses a twofold strategy. First, a group of some tens of TiO₂ amorphous nanotubes was heated looking at their electron diffraction pattern change versus temperature, in order to determine both the initial temperature of crystallization and the corresponding crystalline phases...
January 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342155/nanoscopic-x-ray-fluorescence-imaging-and-quantification-of-intracellular-key-elements-in-cryofrozen-friedreich-s-ataxia-fibroblasts
#12
Björn De Samber, Eline Meul, Brecht Laforce, Boel De Paepe, Joél Smet, Michiel De Bruyne, Riet De Rycke, Sylvain Bohic, Peter Cloetens, Rudy Van Coster, Peter Vandenabeele, Tom Vanden Berghe
Synchrotron radiation based nanoscopic X-ray fluorescence (SR nano-XRF) analysis can visualize trace level elemental distribution in a fully quantitative manner within single cells. However, in-air XRF analysis requires chemical fixation modifying the cell's chemical composition. Here, we describe first nanoscopic XRF analysis upon cryogenically frozen (-150°C) fibroblasts at the ID16A-NI 'Nano-imaging' end-station located at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble (France). Fibroblast cells were obtained from skin biopsies from control and Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342074/characterization-of-an-additive-manufactured-tial-alloy-steel-joint-produced-by-electron-beam-welding
#13
Gloria Basile, Giorgio Baudana, Giulio Marchese, Massimo Lorusso, Mariangela Lombardi, Daniele Ugues, Paolo Fino, Sara Biamino
In this work, the characterization of the assembly of a steel shaft into a γ-TiAl part for turbocharger application, obtained using Electron Beam Welding (EBW) technology with a Ni-based filler, was carried out. The Ti-48Al-2Nb-0.7Cr-0.3Si (at %) alloy part was produced by Electron Beam Melting (EBM). This additive manufacturing technology allows the production of a lightweight part with complex shapes. The replacement of Nickel-based superalloys with TiAl alloys in turbocharger automotive applications will lead to an improvement of the engine performance and a substantial reduction in fuel consumption and emission...
January 17, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341913/characterisation-of-pore-structures-of-pharmaceutical-tablets-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Daniel Markl, Alexa Strobel, Rüdiger Schlossnikl, Johan Bøtker, Prince Bawuah, Cathy Ridgway, Jukka Rantanen, Thomas Rades, Patrick Gane, Kai-Erik Peiponen, J Axel Zeitler
Traditionally, the development of a new solid dosage form is formulation-driven and less focus is put on the design of a specific microstructure for the drug delivery system. However, the compaction process particularly impacts the microstructure, or more precisely, the pore architecture in a pharmaceutical tablet. Besides the formulation, the pore structure is a major contributor to the overall performance of oral solid dosage forms as it directly affects the liquid uptake rate, which is the very first step of the dissolution process...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340658/cuticle-and-pore-plug-properties-in-the-table-egg
#15
G Kulshreshtha, A Rodriguez-Navarro, E Sanchez-Rodriguez, T Diep, M T Hincke
Food safety of table eggs is vital since many pathogens can contaminate the unfertilized egg, leading to increased risk of foodborne illness for consumers. The eggshell cuticle is the first line of defense to restrict the entry of egg-associated pathogens, such as Salmonella Enteritidis. The thickness and completeness of coverage of the cuticle layer are heritable traits that are strongly associated with egg resistance to bacterial penetration. The present study characterizes the chemical composition of the eggshell cuticle and structure of pore plugs from table eggs...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338613/combined-systems-of-different-antibiotics-with-nano-cuo-against-escherichia-coli-and-the-mechanisms-involved
#16
Yahui Zhang, Lin Wang, Xiang Xu, Fang Li, Qingsheng Wu
AIM: The combined efficacy of CuO nanoparticles (NPs) with 22 kinds of antibiotics against Escherichia coli was systematic studied, and CuO with cephalexin synergistic system was screened out. METHODS: Antimicrobial susceptibility test included disk diffusion test, checkerboard method and time-kill assay. The interactions of CuO NPs and antibiotics were analyzed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra and Zeta. The interactions between bacteria and antibacterial agents were studied by surface plasmon resonance sensor for the first time...
January 17, 2018: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338260/seco-dendrobine-type-alkaloids-and-bioactive-phenolics-from-dendrobium-findlayanum
#17
Dan Yang, Zhong-Quan Cheng, Liu Yang, Bo Hou, Jing Yang, Xiao-Nian Li, Cheng-Ting Zi, Fa-Wu Dong, Zheng-Hua Liu, Jun Zhou, Zhong-Tao Ding, Jiang-Miao Hu
Investigation of the 95% EtOH extract of stems of Dendrobium findlayanum afforded four new seco-dendrobines, findlayines A-D (1-4); two known dendrobines, dendrobine (5) and 2-hydroxydendrobine (6); and four new phenolic compounds, dendrofindlaphenols A-C (7, 9, and 10) and 6″-de-O-methyldendrofindlaphenol A (8). Compounds 1 and 2 are the first seco-dendrobines possessing a seven-membered lactam moiety, with 3 and 4 derived from the oxidative cleavage of the C-2-C-3 bond of dendrobine. The structures were established using spectroscopic methods and by comparison with literature data...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338255/to-be-fibrils-or-to-be-nanofilms-oligomers-are-building-blocks-for-fibrils-and-nanofilms-formation-of-fragments-of-a%C3%AE-peptide
#18
Olga Michailovna Selivanova, Alexey Konstantinovich Surin, Yuriy Ryzhykau, Anna Vladimirovna Glyakina, Mariya Yu Suvorina, Alexander Kuklin, Vadim Rogachevsky, Oxana Valerianovna Galzitskaya
To identify the key stages in the amyloid fibril formation we studied the aggregation of amyloidogenic fragments of Aβ peptide: Aβ(16-25), Aβ(31-40), and Aβ(33-42), using the methods of electron microscopy, ThT fluorescence, X-ray analysis, mass spectrometry, and structural modeling. We have found that the fragments Aβ(31-40) and Aβ(33-42) form amyloid fibrils in the shape of bundles and ribbons, while Aβ(16-25) fragment forms only nanofilms. We are the first who performed 2D reconstruction of amyloid fibrils by the Markham rotation technique on electron micrographs of negatively stained fragments of Aβ peptide...
January 16, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338217/unprecedented-synergistic-effects-of-nanoscale-nutrients-on-growth-productivity-of-sweet-sorghum-sorghum-bicolor-l-moench-and-nutrient-biofortification
#19
Naseeruddin Ramapuram, Sumathi V, Nvkv Prasad Tollamadugu, P Sudhakar, Chandrika V, Balam Ravindra Reddy
Evidence based synergistic effects of nanoscale materials (size <100 nm in at least one dimension) were scantly documented in agriculture at field scale. Herein, we report for the first time on effects of nanoscale zinc oxide (n-ZnO), calcium oxide (n-CaO) and magnesium oxide (n-MgO) on growth and productivity of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Modified sol-gel method was used to prepare nanoscale materials under study. Characterization was done using Electron microscopy (TEM & SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337931/real-time-spectroscopic-ellipsometry-analysis-of-first-stage-cuin1-xgaxse%C3%A2-growth-indium-gallium-selenide-co-evaporation
#20
Puja Pradhan, Puruswottam Aryal, Dinesh Attygalle, Abdel-Rahman Ibdah, Prakash Koirala, Jian Li, Khagendra P Bhandari, Geethika K Liyanage, Randy J Ellingson, Michael J Heben, Sylvain Marsillac, Robert W Collins, Nikolas J Podraza
Real time spectroscopic ellipsometry (RTSE) has been applied for in-situ monitoring of the first stage of copper indium-gallium diselenide (CIGS) thin film deposition by the three-stage co-evaporation process used for fabrication of high efficiency thin film photovoltaic (PV) devices. The first stage entails the growth of indium-gallium selenide (In1-xGax)₂Se₃ (IGS) on a substrate of Mo-coated soda lime glass maintained at a temperature of 400 °C. This is a critical stage of CIGS deposition because a large fraction of the final film thickness is deposited, and as a result precise compositional control is desired in order to achieve the optimum performance of the resulting CIGS solar cell...
January 16, 2018: Materials
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