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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431010/clinical-trial-of-the-anti-pd-l1-antibody-bms-936559-in-hiv-1-infected-participants-on-suppressive-antiretroviral-therapy
#1
Cynthia L Gay, Ronald J Bosch, Justin Ritz, Jason M Hataye, Evgenia Aga, Randall L Tressler, Stephen W Mason, Carey K Hwang, Dennis M Grasela, Neelanjana Ray, Josh C Cyktor, John M Coffin, Edward P Acosta, Richard A Koup, John W Mellors, Joseph J Eron
Background.: Reversing immune exhaustion with an anti-PD-L1 antibody may improve HIV-1-specific immunity and increase clearance of HIV-1 expressing cells. Methods.: Phase I, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-escalating study of BMS-936559including HIV-1-infected adults ≥18 to ≤70 years on suppressive antiretroviral therapy with CD4+ counts ≥350 cells/μL and detectable plasma HIV-1 RNA by single copy assay. Data on single infusions of BMS-936559 (0...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430440/insights-on-the-physical-state-reached-by-an-active-pharmaceutical-ingredient-upon-high-energy-milling
#2
Benjamin Schammé, Xavier Monnier, Nicolas Couvrat, Laurent Delbreilh, Valérie Dupray, Eric Dargent, Gérard Coquerel
In this article, we study the physicochemical transformations of crystalline Quinidine upon high-energy milling. The investigations have been achieved by classical, high performance and fast scanning calorimetry combined with broadband dielectric spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction. As evolution of crystalline Quinidine with time of milling revealed a prominent sub-Tg cold-crystallization phenomenon, independent and complementary analytical techniques were implemented. Fast scanning calorimetry was performed for the first time on a milled pharmaceutical compound to postpone the crystallization event to higher temperatures...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430422/gauging-donor-acceptor-properties-and-redox-stability-of-chelating-click-derived-triazoles-and-triazolylidenes-a-case-study-with-rhenium-i-complexes
#3
Lisa Suntrup, Sinja Klenk, Johannes Klein, Sebastian Sobottka, Biprajit Sarkar
Bidentate ligands containing at least one triazole or triazolylidene (mesoionic carbene, MIC) unit are extremely popular in contemporary chemistry. One reason for their popularity is the similarities as well as differences in the donor/acceptor properties that these ligands display in comparison to their pyridine or other N-heterocyclic carbene counterparts. We present here seven rhenium(I) carbonyl complexes where the bidentate ligands contain combinations of pyridine/triazole/triazolylidene. These are the first examples of rhenium(I) complexes with bidentate 1,2,3-triazol-5-ylidene-containing ligands...
April 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430420/a-thorium-chalcogenolate-series-generated-by-atom-insertion-into-thorium-carbon-bonds
#4
Nicholas S Settineri, Mary E Garner, John Arnold
A new thorium monoalkyl complex, Th(CH2SiMe3)(L3) (L = MeC(N(i)Pr)2) (2), undergoes insertion of chalcogen atoms resulting in a series of thorium chalcogenolate complexes, Th(ECH2SiMe3)(L3) (E = S, SS, Se, Te; 5-8). Complex 6 represents the first alkyl disulfide thorium species and illustrates the ability of 2 to undergo controllable, stoichiometric atom insertion. All complexes have been characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, FTIR, EA, and melting point, and in the case of 1, 2, and 4-8, X-ray crystallography...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430418/effects-of-small-polar-molecules-ma-and-h2o-on-degradation-processes-of-perovskite-solar-cells
#5
Chunqing Ma, Dong Shen, Jian Qing, Hrisheekesh Thachoth Chandran, Ming-Fai Lo, Chun-Sing Lee
Degradation mechanisms of methylammonium lead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have drawn much attention recently. Herein, the bulk and surface degradation processes of the perovskite were differentiated for the first time by employing combinational studies using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), capacitance frequency (CF), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies with particular attention on the roles of small polar molecules (MA(+) and H2O). CF study shows that short-circuit current density of the PSCs is increased by H2O at the beginning of the degradation process coupled with an increased surface capacitance...
April 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429762/annealing-induced-re-crystallization-in-ch3nh3pbi3-xclx-for-high-performance-perovskite-solar-cells
#6
Yingguo Yang, Shanglei Feng, Meng Li, Weidong Xu, Guangzhi Yin, Zhaokui Wang, Baoquan Sun, Xingyu Gao
Using poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) as hole conductor, a series of inverted planar CH3NH3PbI3-xClx perovskite solar cells (PSCs) were fabricated based on perovskite annealed by an improved time-temperature dependent (TTD) procedure in a flowing nitrogen atmosphere for different time. Only after an optimum annealing time, an optimized power conversion efficiency of 14.36% could be achieved. To understand their performance dependence on annealing time, an in situ real-time synchrotron-based grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) was used to monitor a step-by-step gradual structure transformation from distinct mainly organic-inorganic hybrid materials into highly ordered CH3NH3PbI3 crystal during annealing...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429684/enhanced-photocathodic-protection-performance-of-ag-graphene-tio2-composite-for-304ss-under-visible-light
#7
Hong Li, Xiutong Wang, Qinyi Wei, Xueqing Liu, Zhouhai Qian, Baorong Hou
Ag and graphene co-sensitized TiO2 composites were successfully fabricated and used as photoanodes for photogenerated cathodic protection of 304 stainless steel (304SS) under visible light. Graphene films was firstly deposited onto the TiO2 nanotube (NT) films via cyclic voltammetric electrodeposition. Ag/graphene/TiO2 films were then fabricated via dipping and photoreduction method. The morphology, composition and optical response of the Ag/graphene/TiO2 NT composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV-vis diffusion reflectance spectroscopy, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429380/research-on-micro-damage-behavior-of-wool-fabrics-drying-in-domestic-dryer
#8
Yuhui Wei, Xu Wang, Zhaowei Su, Xuemei Ding
To evaluate the performance degradation of fabric drying in domestic air-vented dryer, the appearance, mechanical, and microscopic properties of the wool fabric after different drying cycles were studied. Pilling and dimensional stability tests were performed according to established international standards. Microscopic studies were carried out by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-ray (XRD). The results show that pilling is the dominant damage mechanism and gradually increased during lower number of drying cycles (0-10 cycles)...
April 21, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428536/real-time-observation-of-interfacial-ions-during-electrocrystallization
#9
Masashi Nakamura, Takahiro Banzai, Yuto Maehata, Osamu Endo, Hiroo Tajiri, Osami Sakata, Nagahiro Hoshi
Understanding the electrocrystallization mechanisms of metal cations is of importance for many industrial and scientific fields. We have determined the transitional structures during underpotential deposition (upd) of various metal cations on Au(111) electrode using time-resolved surface X-ray diffraction and step-scan IR spectroscopy. At the initial stage of upd, a characteristic intensity transient appears in the time-resolved crystal truncation rod depending on metal cations. Metal cations with relatively high coordination energies of hydration water are deposited in two steps: first, the hydrated metal cations approached the surface and are metastably located at the outer Helmholtz plane, then they are deposited via the destruction of the hydration shell...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427687/improved-adsorption-performance-of-nanostructured-composite-by-ultrasonic-wave-optimization-through-response-surface-methodology-isotherm-and-kinetic-studies
#10
Mehdi Dastkhoon, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Arash Asfaram, Alireza Goudarzi, Seyyedeh Maryam Mohammadi, Shaobin Wang
In this work, ultrasound-assisted adsorption of an anionic dye, sunset yellow (SY) and cationic dyes, malachite green (MG), methylene blue (MB) and their ternary dye solutions onto Cu@ Mn-ZnS-NPs-AC from water aqueous was optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) using the central composite design (CCD). The adsorbent was characterized using Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and EDX mapping images. The effects of various parameters such as pH, sonication time, adsorbent mass and initial concentrations of SY, MG and MB were examined...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427646/investigate-the-ultrasound-energy-assisted-adsorption-mechanism-of-nickel-ii-ions-onto-modified-magnetic-cobalt-ferrite-nanoparticles-multivariate-optimization
#11
Fatemeh Mehrabi, Ebrahim Alipanahpour Dil
In present study, magnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles modified with (E)-N-(2-nitrobenzylidene)-2-(2-(2-nitrophenyl)imidazolidine-1-yl) ethaneamine (CoFe2O4-NPs-NBNPIEA) was synthesized and applied as novel adsorbent for ultrasound energy assisted adsorption of nickel(II) ions (Ni(2+)) from aqueous solution. The prepared adsorbent characterized by Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), transmission electron microscope (TEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The dependency of adsorption percentage to variables such as pH, initial Ni(2+) ions concentration, adsorbent mass and ultrasound time were studied with response surface methodology (RSM) by considering the desirable functions...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427102/an-intramolecular-car-h%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-o-c-hydrogen-bond-and-the-configuration-of-rotenoids
#13
Yulin Ren, Judith C Gallucci, A Douglas Kinghorn
Over the past half a century, the structure and configuration of the rotenoids, a group of natural products showing multiple promising bioactivities, have been established by interpretation of their NMR and electronic circular dichroism spectra and confirmed by analysis of single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The chemical shift of the H-6' (1)H NMR resonance has been found to be an indicator of either a cis or trans C/D ring system. In the present study, four structures representing the central rings of a cis-, a trans-, a dehydro-, and an oxadehydro-rotenoid have been plotted using the Mercury program based on X-ray crystal structures reported previously, with the conformations of the C/D ring system, the local bond lengths or interatomic distances, hydrogen bond angles, and the H-6' chemical shift of these compounds presented...
April 20, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426934/from-permeation-to-cluster-arrays-graphene-on-ir-111-exposed-to-carbon-vapor
#14
Charlotte Herbig, Timo Knispel, Sabina Simon, Ulrike A Schröder, Antonio J Martínez-Galera, Mohammad Alif Arman, Christian Teichert, Jan Knudsen, Arkady V Krasheninnikov, Thomas Michely
Our scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy experiments along with first-principles calculations uncover the rich phenomenology and enable a coherent understanding of carbon vapor interaction with graphene on Ir(111). At high temperatures, carbon vapor not only permeates to the metal surface, but also densifies the graphene cover. Thereby, in addition to underlayer graphene growth, upon cool down also severe wrinkling of the densified graphene cover is observed. In contrast, at low temperatures the adsorbed carbon largely remains on top and self-organizes into a regular array of fullerene-like, thermally highly stable clusters that are covalently bonded to the underlying graphene sheet...
April 20, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426923/potassium-promoted-molybdenum-carbide-as-a-highly-active-and-selective-catalyst-for-co2-conversion-to-co
#15
Marc D Porosoff, Jeffrey W Baldwin, Xi Peng, Giannis Mpourmpakis, Heather D Willauer
The high concentration of CO2 bound in seawater represents a significant opportunity to extract and use this CO2 as a C1 feedstock for synthetic fuels. Through an existing process patented by the U.S. Navy, CO2 and H2 can be concurrently extracted from seawater, then catalytically reacted to produce synthetic fuel. Hydrogenating CO2 directly into liquid hydrocarbons is exceptionally difficult, but by first identifying a catalyst for selective CO production via reverse water-gas shift (RWGS), CO can then be hydrogenated to fuel through Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis...
April 20, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#16
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426721/diagnosis-treatment-and-prognosis-of-small-bowel-volvulus-in-adults-a-monocentric-summary-of-a-rare-small-intestinal-obstruction
#17
Xiaohang Li, Jialin Zhang, Baifeng Li, Dehui Yi, Chengshuo Zhang, Ning Sun, Wu Lv, Ao Jiao
OBJECTIVES: Small bowel volvulus is a rare disease, which is also challenging to diagnose. The aims of this study were to characterize the clinical and radiological features associated with small bowel volvulus and treatment and to identify risk factors for associated small bowel necrosis. METHODS: Patients with small bowel volvulus who underwent operations from January 2001 to December 2015 at the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University (Shenyang, China) were reviewed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426210/tellurium-distribution-and-speciation-in-contaminated-soils-from-abandoned-mine-tailings-comparison-with-selenium
#18
Hai-Bo Qin, Yasuo Takeichi, Hiroaki Nitani, Yasuko Terada, Yoshio Takahashi
The distribution and chemical species of tellurium (Te) in contaminated soil were determined by a combination of micro focused X-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF), X-ray diffraction (μ-XRD), and X-ray absorption fine structure (μ-XAFS) techniques. Results showed that Te was present as a mixture of Te(VI) and Te(IV) species, while selenium (Se) was predominantly present in the form of Se(IV) in the soil contaminated by abandoned mine tailings. In the contaminated soil, Fe(III) hydroxides were the host phases for Se(IV), Te(IV), and Te(VI), but Te(IV) could be also retained by illite...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426151/ammonothermal-synthesis-of-earth-abundant-nitride-semiconductors-znsin2-and-zngen2-and-dissolution-monitoring-by-in-situ-x-ray-imaging
#19
Jonas Häusler, Saskia Schimmel, Peter Wellmann, Wolfgang Schnick
In this contribution, first synthesis of semiconducting ZnSiN2 and ZnGeN2 from solution is presented with supercritical ammonia as solvent and KNH2 as ammonobasic mineralizer. The reactions were conducted in custom-built high-pressure autoclaves made of nickel-based superalloy. The nitrides were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction and their crystal structures were refined by the Rietveld method. ZnSiN2 (a = 5.24637(4), b = 6.28025(5), c = 5.02228(4) Å, Z = 4, Rwp = 0.0556) and isotypic ZnGeN2 (a = 5...
April 20, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425705/facile-aqueous-phase-synthesis-of-ptau-bi2o3-hybrid-catalyst-for-efficient-electro-oxidation-of-ethanol
#20
Sumanta Sarkar, Rajkumar Jana, Hiranmayee Vadlamani, Swetha Ramani, Dundappa Mumbaraddi, Sebastian C Peter
In this work, we present a facile aqueous phase synthesis of a hybrid catalyst consists of PtAu alloy supported on Bi2O3 microspheres. Multistep reduction of HAuCl4 and K2PtCl4 salts on Bi2O3 and subsequent annealing leads to the formation of this hybrid catalyst. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of using Bi2O3 as a catalyst support in Fuel cell applications. The material was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction and various microscopic techniques. This composite showed remarkable activity as well as stability towards the electro-oxidation of ethanol in comparison to commercially available Pt/C...
April 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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