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Bioorthogonal chemistry

Satoshi Abe, Hiroyasu Tabe, Hiroshi Ijiri, Keitaro Yamashita, Kunio Hirata, Kohei Atsumi, Takuya Shimoi, Masaki Akai, Hajime Mori, Susumu Kitagawa, Takafumi Ueno
Crystalline porous materials have been investigated for development of important applications in molecular storage, separations, and catalysis. The potential of protein crystals is increasing as they become better understood. Protein crystals have been regarded as porous materials because they present highly ordered 3D arrangements of protein molecules with high porosity and wide range of pore sizes. However, it remains difficult to functionalize protein crystals in living cells. Here, we report that polyhedra, a natural crystalline protein assembly of polyhedrin monomer (PhM) produced in insect cells infected by cypovirus, can be engineered to extend porous networks by deleting selected amino acid residues located on the intermolecular contact region of PhM...
January 17, 2017: ACS Nano
Alexandra Schischko, Hongjun Ren, Nikolaos Kaplaneris, Lutz Ackermann
Methods for the chemoselective modification of amino acids and peptides are powerful techniques in biomolecular chemistry. Among other applications, they enable the total synthesis of artificial peptides. In recent years, significant momentum has been gained by exploiting palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling for peptide modification. Despite major advances, the prefunctionalization elements on the coupling partners translate into undesired byproduct formation and lengthy synthetic operations. In sharp contrast, we herein illustrate the unprecedented use of versatile ruthenium(II)carboxylate catalysis for the step-economical late-stage diversification of α- and β-amino acids, as well as peptides, through chemo-selective C-H arylation under racemization-free reaction conditions...
January 11, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Sophieke C H A van der Steen, René Raavé, Sjoerd Langerak, Laurens van Houdt, Sander M J van Duijnhoven, Sanne A M van Lith, Leon F A G Massuger, Willeke F Daamen, William P Leenders, Toin H van Kuppevelt
Epithelial ovarian cancer is characterized by a high mortality rate and is in need for novel therapeutic avenues to improve patient outcome. The tumor's extracellular matrix ("stroma") offers new possibilities for targeted drug-delivery. Recently we identified highly sulfated chondroitin sulfate (CS-E) as a component abundantly present in the ovarian cancer extracellular matrix, and as an novel target for anti-cancer therapy. Here, we report on the functionalization of drug-loaded lyophilisomes (albumin-based biocapsules) to specifically target the stroma of ovarian carcinomas with the potential to eliminate cancer cells...
December 26, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Sytze J Buwalda, Tina Vermonden, Wim E Hennink
Hydrogels are attractive materials for the controlled release of therapeutics because of their capacity to embed biologically active agents in their water-swollen network. Recent advances in organic and polymer chemistry, bio-engineering and nanotechnology have resulted in several new developments in the field of hydrogels for therapeutic delivery. In this Perspective, we present our view on the state-of-the-art in the field, thereby focusing on a number of exciting topics, including bioorthogonal crosslinking methods, multi-component hydrogels, stimuli-responsive hydrogels, nanogels and the release of therapeutics from 3D printed hydrogels...
December 27, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Sung In Lim, Byungseop Yang, Younghan Jung, Jaehyun Cha, Jinhwan Cho, Eun-Sil Choi, Yong Hwan Kim, Inchan Kwon
Multistep cascade reactions in nature maximize reaction efficiency by co-assembling related enzymes. Such organization facilitates the processing of intermediates by downstream enzymes. Previously, the studies on multienzyme nanocomplexes assembled on DNA scaffolds demonstrated that closer interenzyme distance enhances the overall reaction efficiency. However, it remains unknown how the active site orientation controlled at nanoscale can have an effect on multienzyme reaction. Here, we show that controlled alignment of active sites promotes the multienzyme reaction efficiency...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
Weichao Li, Yiqing Zhou, Guanghui Tang, Youli Xiao
Despite the fact that multiple artemisinin-alkylated proteins in Plasmodium falciparum have been identified in recent studies, the alkylation mechanism and accurate binding site of artemisinin-protein interaction have remained elusive. Here, we report the chemical-probe-based enrichment of the artemisinin-binding peptide and characterization of the artemisinin-binding site of P. falciparum translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP). A peptide fragment within the N-terminal region of TCTP was enriched and found to be alkylated by an artemisinin-derived probe...
December 21, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Anupam Bandyopadhyay, Samantha Cambray, Jianmin Gao
Bioorthogonal conjugation chemistry has enabled the development of tools for the interrogation of complex biological systems. Although a number of bioorthogonal reactions have been documented in literature, they are less ideal for one or several reasons including slow kinetics, low stability of the conjugated product, requirement of toxic catalysts, and side reactions with unintended biomolecules. Herein we report a fast (>10(3) M(-1) s(-1)) and bioorthogonal conjugation reaction that joins semicarbazide to an aryl ketone or aldehyde with an ortho-boronic acid substituent...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
S M Ruff, S Keller, D E Wieland, V Wittmann, G E M Tovar, M Bach, P J Kluger
: In vitro cultured cells produce a complex extracellular matrix (ECM) that remains intact after decellularization. The biological complexity derived from the variety of distinct ECM molecules makes these matrices ideal candidates for biomaterials. Biomaterials with the ability to guide cell function are a topic of high interest in biomaterial development. However, these matrices lack specific addressable functional groups, which are often required for their use as a biomaterial. Due to the biological complexity of the cell-derived ECM, it is a challenge to incorporate such functional groups without affecting the integrity of the biomolecules within the ECM...
December 10, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Thomas T Zengeya, Julie M Garlick, Rhushikesh A Kulkarni, Mikayla Miley, Allison M Roberts, Youfeng Yang, Daniel R Crooks, Carole Sourbier, W Marston Linehan, Jordan L Meier
Dysregulated metabolism is a hallmark of many diseases, including cancer. Methods to fluorescently detect metabolites have the potential to enable new approaches to cancer detection and imaging. However, fluorescent sensing methods for naturally occurring cellular metabolites are relatively unexplored. Here we report the development of a chemical approach to detect the oncometabolite fumarate. Our strategy exploits a known bioorthogonal reaction, the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitrileimines and electron-poor olefins, to detect fumarate via fluorescent pyrazoline cycloadduct formation...
December 14, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Alyssa Vito, Hussain Alarabi, Shannon Czorny, Omid Beiraghi, Jeff Kent, Nancy Janzen, Afaf R Genady, Salma A Alkarmi, Stephanie Rathmann, Zoya Naperstkow, Megan Blacker, Lisset Llano, Paul J Berti, John F Valliant
A convenient strategy to radiolabel a hydrazinonicotonic acid (HYNIC)-derived tetrazine with 99mTc was developed, and its utility for creating probes to image bone metabolism and bacterial infection using both active and pretargeting strategies was demonstrated. The 99mTc-labelled HYNIC-tetrazine was synthesized in 75% yield and exhibited high stability in vitro and in vivo. A trans-cyclooctene (TCO)-labelled bisphosphonate (TCO-BP) that binds to regions of active calcium metabolism was used to evaluate the utility of the labelled tetrazine for bioorthogonal chemistry...
2016: PloS One
Linghui Qian, Chong-Jing Zhang, Ji'en Wu, Shao Q Yao
Challenges exist in the development of potent and selective small-molecule inhibitors against caspase-1. Herein, by making use of the copper-free strain-promoted alkyne-azide cycloaddition (SPAAC) reaction between difluorinated cyclooctynes (DIFOs) and various azide-containing compounds, we showed for the first time that potential caspase-1 inhibitors could be rapidly synthesized. The resulting fused bicyclic compounds structurally resembled the central portion (P2 -P3 ) of Pralnacasan (a well-known small molecule caspase-1 inhibitor), with diversity at the P4 -position of the parental inhibitor conveniently installed from the azide component...
November 24, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Kévin Renault, Laurie-Anne Jouanno, Antoine Lizzul-Jurse, Pierre-Yves Renard, Cyrille Sabot
Fluorogenic reactions are largely underrepresented in the toolbox of chemoselective ligations despite their tremendous potential, particularly in chemical biology and biochemistry. In this respect, we have investigated in full detail the fluorescence behaviour of the azaphthalamide, a scaffold which is generated through a hetero-Diels-Alder reaction of 5-alkoxyoxazole and maleimide derivatives under mild conditions that are compatible with, among others, peptide chemistry. The scope and limitations of such a fluorogenic labelling strategy were examined through four distinct applications, which target enzymatic activities or bioorthogonal reactions...
December 19, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Dilini N Kekulandara, Kusal T G Samarasinghe, Dhanushka N P Munkanatta Godage, Young-Hoon Ahn
Protein glutathionylation is one of the major cysteine oxidative modifications in response to reactive oxygen species (ROS). We recently developed a clickable glutathione approach for detecting glutathionylation by using a glutathione synthetase mutant (GS M4) that synthesizes azido-glutathione (γGlu-Cys-azido-Ala) in situ in cells. In order to demonstrate the versatility of clickable glutathione and to increase the chemical tools for detecting glutathionylation, we sought to develop clickable glutathione that uses tetrazine-alkene bioorthogonal chemistry...
November 4, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Belén Rubio-Ruiz, Jason T Weiss, Asier Unciti-Broceta
Bioorthogonal uncaging strategies have recently emerged as an experimental therapeutic approach to control drug release. Herein we report a novel masking strategy that enables to modulate the metal chelating properties of hydroxamic acid groups by bioorthogonal chemistry using Pd-functionalized resins. This novel approach allowed to devise an inactive precursor of the histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat that was efficiently uncaged by heterogeneous Pd catalysis in cell culture models of glioma and lung cancer...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Heebeom Koo, Sei Kwang Hahn, Seok Hyun Yun
We demonstrate a chemically detachable cell-glue system based on linkers containing disulfide bonds as well as functional groups for metabolic glycoengineering and bioorthogonal click chemistry. Azide groups are generated on the cell surface by metabolic glycoengineering, and they are further modified into tetrazine (Tz) or trans-cyclooctene (TCO) using rationally designed cross-linkers. When the Tz-modified and TCO-modified cells are mixed together, cell gluing between these two cell groups is established by Tz-TCO click chemistry...
November 16, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Tao Peng, Howard C Hang
Over the past years, fluorescent proteins (e.g., green fluorescent proteins) have been widely utilized to visualize recombinant protein expression and localization in live cells. Although powerful, fluorescent protein tags are limited by their relatively large sizes and potential perturbation to protein function. Alternatively, site-specific labeling of proteins with small-molecule organic fluorophores using bioorthogonal chemistry may provide a more precise and less perturbing method. This approach involves site-specific incorporation of unnatural amino acids (UAAs) into proteins via genetic code expansion, followed by bioorthogonal chemical labeling with small organic fluorophores in living cells...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jorin Hoogenboom, Nathalja Berghuis, Dario Cramer, Rene Geurts, Han Zuilhof, Tom Wennekes
BACKGROUND: Carbohydrates, also called glycans, play a crucial but not fully understood role in plant health and development. The non-template driven formation of glycans makes it impossible to image them in vivo with genetically encoded fluorescent tags and related molecular biology approaches. A solution to this problem is the use of tailor-made glycan analogs that are metabolically incorporated by the plant into its glycans. These metabolically incorporated probes can be visualized, but techniques documented so far use toxic copper-catalyzed labeling...
October 10, 2016: BMC Plant Biology
Catherine Su Hui Teo, Remigiusz A Serwa, Peter O'Hare
We used pulse-labeling with the methionine analogue homopropargylglycine (HPG) to investigate spatiotemporal aspects of protein synthesis during herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. In vivo incorporation of HPG enables subsequent selective coupling of fluorochrome-capture reagents to newly synthesised proteins. We demonstrate that HPG labeling had no effect on cell viability, on accumulation of test early or late viral proteins, or on overall virus yields. HPG pulse-labeling followed by SDS-PAGE analysis confirmed incorporation into newly synthesised proteins, while parallel processing by in situ cycloaddition revealed new insight into spatiotemporal aspects of protein localisation during infection...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Joanna B Pawlak, Brett J Hos, Michel J van de Graaff, Otty A Megantari, Nico Meeuwenoord, Herman S Overkleeft, Dmitri V Filippov, Ferry Ossendorp, Sander I van Kasteren
Antigen recognition followed by the activation of cytotoxic T-cells (CTLs) is a key step in adaptive immunity, resulting in clearance of viruses and cancers. The repertoire of peptides that have the ability to bind to the major histocompatibility type-I (MHC-I) is enormous, but the approaches available for studying the diversity of the peptide repertoire on a cell are limited. Here, we explore the use of bioorthogonal chemistry to quantify specific peptide-MHC-I complexes (pMHC-I) on cells. We show that modifying epitope peptides with bioorthogonal groups in surface accessible positions allows wild-type-like MHC-I binding and bioorthogonal ligation using fluorogenic chromophores in combination with a Cu(I)-catalyzed Huisgen cycloaddition reaction...
November 18, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
Kathrin Elisabeth Witzke, Kristin Rosowski, Christian Müller, Maike Ahrens, Martin Eisenacher, Dominik A Megger, Jürgen Knobloch, Andrea R Koch, Thilo Bracht, Barbara Sitek
Quantitative secretome analyses are a high-performance tool for the discovery of physiological and pathophysiological changes in cellular processes. However, serum supplements in cell culture media limit secretome analyses, but serum depletion often leads to cell starvation and consequently biased results. To overcome these limiting factors, we investigated a model of T cell activation (Jurkat cells) and performed an approach for the selective enrichment of secreted proteins from conditioned medium utilizing metabolic marking of newly synthesized glycoproteins...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
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