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Sarcopenic obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439567/sarcopenia-obesity-and-mortality-in-us-adults-with-and-without-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Lagu Androga, Deep Sharma, Afolarin Amodu, Matthew K Abramowitz
INTRODUCTION: In pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD), the association of muscle mass with mortality is poorly defined, and no study has examined outcomes related to the co-occurrence of low muscle mass and excess adiposity (sarcopenic-obesity). Methods: We examined abnormalities of muscle and fat mass in adult participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004. We determined whether associations of body composition with all-cause mortality differed between participants with CKD compared to those without...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421144/prevalence-of-sarcopenic-obesity-in-adults-with-class-ii-iii-obesity-using-different-diagnostic-criteria
#2
Carlene A Johnson Stoklossa, Arya M Sharma, Mary Forhan, Mario Siervo, Raj S Padwal, Carla M Prado
Background/Objective. Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is a hidden condition of reduced lean soft tissue (LST) in context of excess adiposity. SO is most commonly reported in older adults and both its risk and prevalence increase with age. A variety of body composition indices and cut points have been used to define this condition, leading to conflicting prevalence and risk prediction. Here, we investigate variability in the prevalence of SO in an adult sample of individuals with class II/III obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m(2)) using different diagnostic criteria...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410342/sarcopenia-is-common-in-overweight-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-may-predict-need-for-surgery
#3
Dawn W Adams, Shelly Gurwara, Heidi J Silver, Sara N Horst, Dawn B Beaulieu, David A Schwartz, Douglas L Seidner
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with altered body composition, such as low muscle mass, which affects clinical outcomes. Body composition changes in overweight patients with IBD are less understood. The study aim was to determine the prevalence of sarcopenic overweight and obese patients in a cohort of patients with IBD starting new anti-tumor necrosis factor-α therapy and examine differences in response. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with IBD starting a new anti-tumor necrosis factor-α medication that had computed tomography within 3 months of initiation...
April 13, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407041/effects-of-low-muscle-mass-on-albuminuria-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-korean-sarcopenic-obesity-study-ksos
#4
Hye Soo Chung, Soon Young Hwang, Ju Hee Choi, Hyun Jung Lee, Hye Jin Yoo, Ji-A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Dong Seop Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Kyung Mook Choi
Background: Previous studies have shown that chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with accelerated loss of skeletal muscle in patients on dialysis. However, the relationships of sarcopenia with albuminuria and early-stage CKD in patients with type 2 diabetes have not been examined. Methods: We analyzed diabetic subgroup data from 409 patients with type 2 diabetes from the Korean Sarcopenic Obesity Study (KSOS). Sarcopenia was defined as a skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; SMI [%] = total skeletal muscle mass [kg]/weight [kg] × 100) less than 2 SD below the sex-specific mean for a younger reference group...
April 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396974/sarcopenic-overweight-is-associated-with-early-acute-limiting-toxicity-of-anti-pd1-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-melanoma-patients
#5
Heidelberger Valentine, Goldwasser François, Kramkimel Nora, Jouinot Anne, Huillard Olivier, Boudou-Rouquette Pascaline, Chanal Johan, Arrondeau Jennifer, Franck Nathalie, Alexandre Jérôme, Blanchet Benoît, Leroy Karen, Avril Marie-Françoise, Dupin Nicolas, Aractingi Sélim
Little is known on factors predicting toxicity of anti-PD1 checkpoint inhibitors. Sarcopenic obesity is associated with increased acute toxicity of cytotoxic agents and targeted therapies. We explored whether body composition also influenced the occurrence of early acute limiting toxicity (ALT) of anti-PD1 in melanoma patients. This is a monocentric, retrospective study analyzing toxicity outcome in consecutive melanoma patients treated with nivolumab or pembrolizumab. Various parameters linked to the patient or the disease status have been analysed...
April 10, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374624/elevated-serum-leptin-levels-are-associated-with-low-vitamin-d-sarcopenic-obesity-poor-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
Pacharee Manoy, Wilai Anomasiri, Pongsak Yuktanandana, Aree Tanavalee, Srihatach Ngarmukos, Thanathep Tanpowpong, Sittisak Honsawek
CONTEXT: The associations between serum leptin, vitamin D status, sarcopenic obesity, muscle strength and physical performance in osteoarthritis (OA) remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationships between serum leptin, vitamin D status, muscle strength and physical performance in OA patients. METHODS: A total of 208 knee OA patients were enrolled. Serum leptin, vitamin D, muscle strength and physical performance were evaluated. RESULTS: OA patients with sarcopenic obesity had significantly higher serum leptin levels than those with non-sarcopenic obesity...
April 19, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364311/erratum-to-sarcopenia-and-sarcopenic-obesity-in-comparison-prevalence-metabolic-profile-and-key-differences-a-cross-sectional-study-in-italian-hospitalized-elderly
#7
Simone Perna, Gabriella Peroni, Milena Anna Faliva, Arianna Bartolo, Maurizio Naso, Alessandra Miccono, Mariangela Rondanelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358295/body-adiposity-index-but-not-visceral-adiposity-index-correlates-with-inflammatory-markers-in-sarcopenic-obese-elderly-women
#8
Maurílio Tiradentes Dutra, André Bonadias Gadelha, Otávio Toledo Nóbrega, Ricardo Moreno Lima
Background/Study Context: The association of body adiposity index (BAI) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) with inflammatory markers has yet to be understood. The aim of this work was to investigate the association of BAI and VAI with inflammatory markers in elderly women with sarcopenic obesity (SO). METHODS: A total of 130 women (age: 66.7 ± 5.2 years) underwent body composition analysis by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Volunteers were classified according to SO definition...
May 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346492/dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-body-composition-reference-values-of-limbs-and-trunk-from-nhanes-1999-2004-with-additional-visualization-methods
#9
Benjamin J Hinton, Bo Fan, Bennett K Ng, John A Shepherd
Body Mass Index has traditionally been used as a measure of health, but Fat Mass Index (FMI) and Lean Mass Index (LMI) have been shown to be more predictive of mortality and health risk. Total body FMI and LMI reference curves have particularly been useful in quantifying sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity. Research has shown regional composition has significant associations to health outcomes. We derived FMI and LMI reference curves of the regions of the body (leg, arm, and trunk) for 15,908 individuals in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for each sex and ethnicity using the Lambda-Mu-Sigma (LMS) method and developed software to visualize this regional composition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343799/characterization-of-deficits-across-the-spectrum-of-motor-abilities-in-dialysis-patients-and-the-impact-of-sarcopenic-overweight-and-obesity
#10
Maja Bučar Pajek, Jernej Pajek
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Physical performance deficits in kidney failure predict mortality and quality of life. We aimed to quantify deficits in multiple motor abilities, investigate associations of lean and fat tissue content with test results and analyzed performance of sarcopenic individuals with adipose tissue excess. METHODS: Ninety hemodialysis patients and 140 healthy controls performed 6-minute walk test, gait speed measurement, sit-to-stand and time up and go tests, upper extremity handgrip and tapping tests, Stork balance and forward bend flexibility tests...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337365/body-composition-as-a-prognostic-factor-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-toxicity-and-outcome-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer
#11
Carolina Palmela, Sónia Velho, Lisa Agostinho, Francisco Branco, Marta Santos, Maria Pia Costa Santos, Maria Helena Oliveira, João Strecht, Rui Maio, Marília Cravo, Vickie E Baracos
PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been shown to improve survival in locally advanced gastric cancer, but it is associated with significant toxicity. Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity have been studied in several types of cancers and have been reported to be associated with higher chemotherapy toxicity and morbi-mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia/sarcopenic obesity in patients with gastric cancer, as well as its association with chemotherapy toxicity and long-term outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326296/association-between-sarcopenic-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutritional-examination-surveys-from-2008-to-2011
#12
Sun-Young Kang, Gyeong Eun Lim, Yang Keun Kim, Hye Won Kim, Kayoung Lee, Tae-Jin Park, Jinseung Kim
BACKGROUND: Menopause contributes to an increase in visceral fat mass and a decrease in muscle protein synthesis. Therefore, we performed this study to examine their relationship how effect the changes of body composition as obesity and sarcopenia on metabolic syndrome (MS) as a predictor of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2008 to 2011, we estimated that 4,183 postmenopausal women underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scans...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315175/associations-of-adipose-and-muscle-tissue-parameters-at-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-with-long-term-health-related-quality-of-life
#13
Eline H van Roekel, Martijn J L Bours, Malou E M Te Molder, José J L Breedveld-Peters, Steven W M Olde Damink, Leo J Schouten, Silvia Sanduleanu, Geerard L Beets, Matty P Weijenberg
PURPOSE: Increased visceral adiposity (visceral obesity) and muscle wasting (sarcopenia) at colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis, quantified by computed tomography (CT) image analysis, have been unfavorably associated with short-term clinical outcomes and survival, but associations with long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) have not been investigated. We studied associations of visceral adiposity, muscle fat infiltration, muscle mass, and sarcopenia at CRC diagnosis with HRQoL 2-10 years post-diagnosis...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285653/the-use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-characterize-abnormal-body-composition-phenotypes-in-youth-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#14
Camila E Orsso, Michelle Mackenzie, Angela S Alberga, Arya M Sharma, Lawrence Richer, Daniela A Rubin, Carla M Prado, Andrea M Haqq
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides detailed assessment of body composition compartments. No studies have employed state-of-the-art MRI methods to accurately examine abdominal adipose tissue (AT) and skeletal muscle in youth with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Therefore, this study aimed to describe AT distribution and skeletal muscle in the abdominal region of youth with PWS using MRI. METHODS: Anthropometric measures and whole-abdominal T1-weighted MRI were performed in sixteen (5 males and 11 females) youth diagnosed with PWS, and seventeen (10 males and 7 females) youth who did not have PWS (controls)...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244552/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-community-dwelling-chilean-elders-according-to-an-adapted-version-of-the-european-working-group-on-sarcopenia-in-older-people-ewgsop-criteria
#15
L Lera, C Albala, H Sánchez, B Angel, M J Hormazabal, C Márquez, P Arroyo
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is the progressive loss of mass and skeletal muscle strength and has serious consequences on older people's health. The Chilean older population has a high life-expectancy, but the prevalence of functional dependence is also high. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia in Chilean older adults and its relationship with age, gender, and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220197/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-sarcopenic-obesity-in-older-german-men-using-recognized-definitions-high-accordance-but-low-overlap
#16
W Kemmler, M Teschler, A Weißenfels, C Sieber, E Freiberger, S von Stengel
The relevance of sarcopenia and sarcopenic Obesity (SO) is rising in our aging societies. Applying recognized definitions to 965 community-dwelling Bavarian men 70 years+ resulted in a prevalence for sarcopenia between 3.7 and 4.9 and between 2.1 and 4.1% for SO. Despite this high consistency, the overlap between the definitions/approaches was <50%. INTRODUCTION: The relevance of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity (SO) is rising steadily in the aging societies of most developed nations...
February 20, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205203/effects-of-different-types-of-exercise-on-body-composition-muscle-strength-and-igf-1-in-the-elderly-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#17
Hung-Ting Chen, Yu-Chun Chung, Yu-Jen Chen, Sung-Yen Ho, Huey-June Wu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of resistance training (RT), aerobic training (AT), or combination training (CT) interventions on the body composition, muscle strength performance, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) of patients with sarcopenic obesity. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community center and research center. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty men and women aged 65-75 with sarcopenic obesity...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190685/impact-of-body-fat-and-muscle-distribution-on-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#18
Seung Bae Yoon, Moon Hyung Choi, In Seok Lee, Chul-Hyun Lim, Jin Soo Kim, Yu Kyung Cho, Jae Myung Park, Bo-In Lee, Young-Seok Cho, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a well-established risk factor for severe acute pancreatitis (AP); however, the impact of visceral obesity or sarcopenic obesity on severity of AP has not been well studied. We compared the relationship between severity of AP and various body parameters including body weight, body mass index (BMI), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and visceral fat-to-muscle ratio (VMR). METHODS: We analyzed the data of patients who were diagnosed with AP from 2009 to 2015...
February 6, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155181/nutrition-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#19
Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Eva Kiesswetter, Michael Drey, Cornel C Sieber
Frailty and sarcopenia are important concepts in the quest to prevent physical dependence, as geriatrics are shifting towards identifications of early stages of disability. Definitions of both sarcopenia and frailty are still developing, and both concepts clearly overlap in their physical aspects. Malnutrition (both undernutrition and obesity) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of frailty and sarcopenia. The quality of the diet along the lifespan has a close relation with the incidence of both entities, and nutritional interventions may be able to reduce the incidence or revert either of them...
February 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124947/differentiating-sarcopenia-and-cachexia-among-patients-with-cancer
#20
Sarah J Peterson, Marisa Mozer
Patients with cancer are at an increased risk for muscle loss via 2 distinct mechanisms: sarcopenia, defined as the age-associated decrease in muscle mass related to changes in muscle synthesis signaling pathways, and/or cachexia, defined as cytokine-mediated degradation of muscle and adipose depots. Both wasting disorders are prevalent; among patients with cancer, 15%-50% are sarcopenic and 25%-80% are cachectic. Muscle mass may be difficult to quantify in overweight/obese individuals. Often, overweight/obese patients with cancer are assumed to be normally nourished when in fact severe muscle depletion may be present...
February 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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