keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sarcopenic obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022158/clinical-utility-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-patients-with-locoregional-muscle-invasive-or-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-a-subanalysis-of-changes-in-body-composition-during-neoadjuvant-systemic-chemotherapy
#1
Makito Miyake, Takuya Owari, Takashi Iwamoto, Yosuke Morizawa, Shunta Hori, Nagaaki Marugami, Keiji Shimada, Kota Iida, Kenta Ohnishi, Daisuke Gotoh, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yasushi Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Kiyohide Fujimoto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in a cohort of patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated body composition in 35 patients with locoregional muscle invasive (≥ T2 and N0-2M0) or metastatic UC. Body composition was evaluated using multifrequency BIA at baseline (n = 35) and during chemotherapy in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 14)...
October 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989278/whole-body-electromyostimulation-and-protein-supplementation-favorably-affect-sarcopenic-obesity-in-community-dwelling-older-men-at-risk-the-randomized-controlled-franso-study
#2
Wolfgang Kemmler, Anja Weissenfels, Marc Teschler, Sebastian Willert, Michael Bebenek, Mahdieh Shojaa, Matthias Kohl, Ellen Freiberger, Cornel Sieber, Simon von Stengel
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is a geriatric syndrome characterized by the disproportion between the amount of lean mass and fat mass. Exercise decreases fat and maintains muscle mass; however, older people fail to exercise at doses sufficient to affect musculoskeletal and cardiometabolic risk factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS), a time-efficient, joint-friendly and highly individualized exercise technology, on sarcopenia and SO in older men...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957570/sarcopenic-obesity-is-more-prevalent-in-osteoarthritis-than-rheumatoid-arthritis-are-different-processes-involved
#3
Lara Vlietstra, Kim Meredith-Jones, Simon Stebbings, J Haxby Abbott, Gareth J Treharne, Debra L Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948512/phenotypes-of-obesity-how-it-impacts-management
#4
REVIEW
Meera Shah, Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S Mundi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The worldwide prevalence of obesity is increasing. Obesity is strongly associated with many chronic health conditions that have been shown to improve with weight loss. However, counseling patients on weight loss can be challenging. Identifying specific aspects of weight management may personalize the conversation about weight loss and better address the individual patient's health goals and perceived barriers to change. RECENT FINDINGS: Physical and behavioral phenotypes are being identified to better tailor treatment recommendations, given lack of efficacy of currently available interventions...
September 25, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911059/forcing-the-vicious-circle-sarcopenia-increases-toxicity-decreases-response-to-chemotherapy-and-worsens-with-chemotherapy
#5
F Bozzetti
Sarcopenia has recently emerged as a new condition that, independently from malnutrition, may adversely affect the prognosis of cancer patients. Purpose of this narrative review is to define the prevalence of sarcopenia in different primaries, its role in leading to chemotherapy toxicity and decreased compliance with the oncological therapy and the effect of some drugs on the onset of sarcopenia. Finally, the review aims to describe the current approaches to restore the muscle mass through nutrition, exercise and anti-inflammatory agents or multimodal programmes with a special emphasis on the results of randomized controlled trials...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900676/free-fatty-acid-receptor-4-mediates-the-beneficial-effects-of-n-3-fatty-acids-on-body-composition-in-mice
#6
Han Jin Cho, Seong Hee Ahn, Young-Sun Lee, Seung Hun Lee, Dong-Soon Im, Inki Kim, Jung-Min Koh, Sungsub Kim, Beom-Jun Kim
As populations continue to age worldwide, sarcopenic obesity has heightened interest due to its medical importance. Although much evidence now indicates that n-3 fatty acids (FAs) may have beneficial effects on body composition including fat and muscle, their exact mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. Because free FA receptor 4 (FFA4) has been reported to be a receptor for n-3 FAs, we hypothesized that the protective role of n-3 FAs on body composition could be mediated by FFA4. To test this possibility, we generated mice overexpressing n-3 FAs but lacking FFA4 by crossing fat-1 transgenic (fat-1 (Tg+)) and FFA4 knockout (Ffar4 (-/-)) mice...
September 12, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871520/visceral-adiposity-and-sarcopenic-visceral-obesity-are-associated-with-poor-prognosis-after-resection-of-pancreatic-cancer
#7
Shinya Okumura, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Atsushi Kobayashi, Hisaya Shirai, Siyuan Yao, Shintaro Yagi, Naoko Kamo, Etsuro Hatano, Hideaki Okajima, Kyoichi Takaori, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Visceral fat accumulation and muscle depletion have been identified as poor prognostic factors for various cancers. However, the significance of visceral adiposity and sarcopenic visceral obesity on outcomes after resection of pancreatic cancer remains unclear. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 301 patients who underwent resection for localized pancreatic cancer between 2004 and 2015 was performed. The extent of visceral adiposity [visceral to subcutaneous adipose tissue area ratio (VSR)] and visceral obesity [visceral fat area (VFA)] were measured on preoperative computed tomography images, together with skeletal muscle index (SMI) and muscle attenuation (MA)...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862123/results-of-1-year-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-er-pr%C3%A2-her2-breast-cancer-patients-correlated-with-treatment-type
#8
Diana V Artene, Cristian I Bordea, Alexandru Blidaru
PURPOSE: Many breast cancer patients gain weight during chemotherapy and antiestrogenic treatment increasing recurrence, oncologic specific and all-cause mortality risks. Patients and Methods: 165 ER+/PR±/HER2- breast cancer patients under antiestrogenic treatment were randomly assigned to follow an at-home diet based on food naturally high in proteins, calcium, probiotics and prebiotics (D), or this diet and 4' isometric exercises (D+Ex) for 1 year. We measured weight (W), body (BF) and visceral fat (VF) using a multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance scale on the 6th and 12th month and we correlated results with chemotherapy, surgery and antiestrogenic medication type...
July 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835581/carotid-artery-parameters-after-combined-exercise-training-in-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#9
Yuko Gando
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814401/effects-of-protein-supplementation-combined-with-resistance-exercise-on-body-composition-and-physical-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Yen-Tzu Wu, Chin-Pao Cheng, Hui-Chuen Chen, Yi-Ching Huang, Hung-Chou Chen, Tsan-Hon Liou
Background: Overweight and obese older people face a high risk of muscle loss and impaired physical function, which may contribute to sarcopenic obesity. Resistance exercise training (RET) has a beneficial effect on muscle protein synthesis and can be augmented by protein supplementation (PS). However, whether body weight affects the augmentation of muscular and functional performance in response to PS in older people undergoing RET remains unclear.Objective: This study was conducted to identify the effects of PS on the body composition and physical function of older people undergoing RET...
October 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760111/differences-in-prevalence-of-muscle-wasting-in-patients-receiving-peritoneal-dialysis-per-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-due-to-variation-in-guideline-definitions-of-sarcopenia
#11
Rachel Hung, Bethany Wong, Gabrielle Goldet, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND: Muscle wasting is associated with increased risk for mortality. There is no agreed universal definition for muscle wasting (sarcopenia), and we wished to determine whether using different criteria altered the prevalence in patients treated by peritoneal dialysis. METHODS: We measured lean body and appendicular lean mass indices in 325 outpatients by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, comparing muscle mass with that used to define muscle wasting (sarcopenia) by various clinical guideline publications...
August 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742506/bioimpedance-analysis-vs-dexa-as-a-screening-tool-for-osteosarcopenia-in-lean-overweight-and-obese-caucasian-postmenopausal-females
#12
Melpomeni Peppa, Charikleia Stefanaki, Athanasios Papaefstathiou, Dario Boschiero, George Dimitriadis, George P Chrousos
BACKGROUND-OBJECTIVES: We aimed at evaluating the efficiency of a newly developed, advanced Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA-ACC®) device as a screening tool for determining the degree of obesity and osteosarcopenia in postmenopausal women with normal or decreased bone density determined by Dual-Energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in a representative sample of Greek postmenopausal women. METHODS: This is a single-gate cross-sectional study of body composition measured by BIA-ACC® and DEXA...
April 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739051/effectiveness-of-nutritional-and-exercise-interventions-to-improve-body-composition-and-muscle-strength-or-function-in-sarcopenic-obese-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Christos Theodorakopoulos, Jacklyn Jones, Elaine Bannerman, Carolyn A Greig
Although sarcopenic obesity (SO) poses a major public health concern, a robust approach for the optimization of body composition and strength/function in SO has not yet been established. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of nutritional (focusing on energy and protein modulation) and exercise interventions, either individually or combined, on body composition and strength/function in older adults with SO. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were searched...
July 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710147/dietary-guidelines-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-critical-review
#14
REVIEW
Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Veronica Lopez-Teros, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia
Current dietary guidelines for breast cancer patients (BCPs) fail to address adequate dietary intakes of macro- and micronutrients that may improve patients' nutritional status. This review includes information from the PubMed and Biomed Central databases over the last 15 y concerning dietary guidelines for BCPs and the potential impact of a personalized, nutrient-specific diet on patients' nutritional status during and after antineoplastic treatment. Results indicated that BCPs should receive a nutritional assessment immediately after diagnosis...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702888/cushing-s-syndrome-a-model-for-sarcopenic-obesity
#15
Michael Drey, Christina M Berr, Martin Reincke, Julia Fazel, Jochen Seissler, Jochen Schopohl, Martin Bidlingmaier, Stefanie Zopp, Nicole Reisch, Felix Beuschlein, Andrea Osswald, Ralf Schmidmaier
PURPOSE: Obesity and its metabolic impairments are discussed as major risk factors for sarcopenia leading to sarcopenic obesity. Cushing's syndrome is known to be associated with obesity and muscle atrophy. We compared Cushing's syndrome with matched obese controls regarding body composition, physical performance, and biochemical markers to test the hypothesis that Cushing's syndrome could be a model for sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: By propensity score matching, 47 controls were selected by body mass index and gender as obese controls...
July 12, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702214/involvement-of-oxidative-stress-in-atherosclerosis-development-in-subjects-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#16
R Nakano, N Takebe, M Ono, M Hangai, R Nakagawa, S Yashiro, T Murai, K Nagasawa, Y Takahashi, J Satoh, Y Ishigaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698349/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-periodised-resistance-training-and-protein-supplementation-intervention-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-on-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#17
Jacqueline L Kiwata, Tanya B Dorff, E Todd Schroeder, George J Salem, Christianne J Lane, Judd C Rice, Mitchell E Gross, Christina M Dieli-Conwright
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer survivors (PCS) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) experience deleterious side effects such as unfavourable changes in cardiometabolic factors that lead to sarcopenic obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS). While loss of lean body mass (LBM) compromises muscular strength and quality of life, MetS increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and may influence cancer recurrence. Exercise can improve LBM and strength, and may serve as an alternative to the pharmacological management of MetS in PCS on ADT...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674320/effects-of-24-week-aerobic-and-resistance-training-on-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-and-flow-velocity-in-elderly-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#18
Jinkee Park, Yoochan Kwon, Hyuntea Park
AIM: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is closely associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in elderly women. Increases in body fat and decreases in muscle mass are closely associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of a 24-week aerobic and resistance training program on carotid parameters in SO. METHODS: Fifty elderly women (74.1±6.1 years) with SO were randomly divided into an exercise group and a control group...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657168/differences-in-body-composition-and-physical-function-related-to-pure-sarcopenia-and-sarcopenic-obesity-a-study-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-japan
#19
Takeshi Kera, Hisashi Kawai, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi
AIM: We compared skeletal muscle mass and physical function between older adults with sarcopenia and those with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: Body composition and physical and cognitive function were measured for 1283 community-dwelling older adults. Participants responded to questionnaires about pain and exercise. The pure sarcopenia group (PS) included individuals with sarcopenia only. The sarcopenic obesity group (SO) included individuals with both sarcopenia and obesity...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615264/is-the-whole-not-greater-than-the-sum-of-its-parts-the-case-of-sarcopenic-obesity
#20
John A Batsis, Summer B Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
39354
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"