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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624364/decision-making-in-swiss-home-like-childbirth-a-grounded-theory-study
#1
Yvonne Meyer, Franziska Frank, Franziska Schläppy Muntwyler, Valerie Fleming, Jessica Pehlke-Milde
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in midwifery, including a claim for shared decision-making between midwives and women, is of major significance for the health of mother and child. Midwives have little information about how to share decision-making responsibilities with women, especially when complications arise during birth. AIM: To increase understanding of decision-making in complex home-like birth settings by exploring midwives' and women's perspectives and to develop a dynamic model integrating participatory processes for making shared decisions...
June 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624126/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-u-s-breastfeeding-and-implications-for-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes
#2
Adetola Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Melina Taylor, Alison M Stuebe
Marked racial and ethnic disparities exist in infant feeding in the United States. Based on a review of recent literature, this article examines current discrepancies between the 2020 Healthy People breastfeeding goals and current breastfeeding rates among women from different ethnic groups in the United States. We discuss maternal and child health outcomes associated with breastfeeding, and we review potential causes of racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in the United States, especially among non-Hispanic Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Hispanic/Latina populations...
June 14, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619397/development-of-environmental-health-indicators-for-the-child-population-report-on-a-brazilian-experience
#3
Flavia Franchini de Moraes, Volney de Magalhaes Camara, Carmen Ildes R Froes Asmus
BACKGROUND: This report presents the Brazilian experience on the elaboration of a matrix of children's environmental health indicators to the Brazilian Health Surveillance System. This experience was part of a project with the financial support of the Ministry of Health of Brazil to develop appropriate indicators for identification, measuring, and monitoring of the environmental risk factors to the children's health. METHODS: The methodology adopted for the development of the matrix of indicators of children's environmental health to Brazil comprised 3 steps...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612209/the-developmental-unfolding-of-sibling-influences-on-alcohol-use-over-time
#4
Diana R Samek, Rebecca J Goodman, Lucy Riley, Matt McGue, William G Iacono
Research has long demonstrated that siblings are similar in their alcohol use, however much of this work relies on cross-sectional samples or samples of adolescents alone and/or exclusive focus on older siblings' impact on younger siblings. Using a three time-point design from early adolescence to early adulthood (M ages = 14.9, 18.3, and 22.4 years, respectively; 55% female; 54% European ancestry, 38% Asian ancestry), we evaluated the prospective older and younger sibling influences on alcohol use across time (N = 613 sibling pairs; 35% sisters, 26% brothers, 39% mixed-gender; average age difference = 2...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609806/what-do-infertile-women-think-about-oocyte-reception-oocyte-donation-and-child-adoption
#5
Juliana Straehl, Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara, Marcos Felipe Silva de Sá, Rosana Maria Reis, Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa-E-Silva
Purpose The views of infertile couples regarding oocyte donation by third parties and adoption are unknown, as these may be interpreted as a final closure of the available options for conception. This study aimed to determine the acceptance of oocyte donation, oocyte reception, and child adoption of infertile women who submitted to assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment Methods Sixty-nine women who were under treatment for infertility and submitted to ART procedures were included in this cross-sectional study...
June 13, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607905/understanding-potential-uptake-of-a-proposed-mhealth-program-to-support-caregiver-home-management-of-childhood-illness-in-a-resource-poor-setting-a-qualitative-evaluation
#6
Tirza Areli Calderón, Holly Martin, Kathryn Volpicelli, Rosemary Frasso, Elsa Cecilia Díaz Arroyo, Ernesto Gozzer, Alison M Buttenheim
BACKGROUND: Extensive uptake of mobile phones offers an unprecedented opportunity to improve global healthcare delivery, especially among underserved populations. Mobile health (mHealth) has been increasingly recognized as a promising approach to addressing challenges in global maternal-child health and may play an important role in accelerating progress towards improved outcomes. However, more evidence guiding development of mHealth interventions is needed. The current study explores factors that may support or hinder adoption and use of a proposed mHealth intervention to improve caregiver home management of common childhood illnesses in order to shape program development...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606136/cost-analysis-of-a-school-based-comprehensive-malaria-program-in-primary-schools-in-sikasso-region-mali
#7
Roberta Maccario, Saba Rouhani, Tom Drake, Annie Nagy, Modibo Bamadio, Seybou Diarra, Souleymane Djanken, Natalie Roschnik, Siân E Clarke, Moussa Sacko, Simon Brooker, Josselin Thuilliez
BACKGROUND: The expansion of malaria prevention and control to school-aged children is receiving increasing attention, but there are still limited data on the costs of intervention. This paper analyses the costs of a comprehensive school-based intervention strategy, delivered by teachers, that included participatory malaria educational activities, distribution of long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN), and Intermittent Parasite Clearance in schools (IPCs) in southern Mali. METHODS: Costs were collected alongside a randomised controlled trial conducted in 80 primary schools in Sikasso Region in Mali in 2010-2012...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591488/salvage-of-fetal-karyotype-information-from-snp-array-data-obtained-from-products-of-conception-with-maternal-cell-contamination
#8
Karin Sasaki, Kosei Abe, Takahide Mori, Kazunori Hashimoto, Kazuhiko Nakabayashi
OBJECTIVE: Maternal cell contamination (MCC) is known to increase the risk of misdiagnosis in prenatal diagnosis as well as in diagnostic tests for the products of conception (POC) from miscarriages. We aimed to develop a data correction method to salvage fetal karyotype information from SNP array data for POC with MCC when parental genotype data are available. METHODS: We obtained SNP array data from mixed genomic DNAs of a mother-child pair and used the dataset to assess the accuracy of data correction...
June 7, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588968/who-and-national-lists-of-essential-medicines-in-mexico-central-and-south-america-and-the-caribbean-are-they-adequate-to-promote-paediatric-endocrinology-and-diabetes-care
#9
Amanda Rowlands, Alejandra Acosta-Gualandri, Jaime Guevara-Aguirre, Jean-Pierre Chanoine
Paediatric endocrinology and diabetes is a paediatric specialty with less common conditions and higher cost medicines. Access to medicines for our specialty in low and middle income countries remains limited. We analysed the content of the WHO (children and adults) and of all available national Model Lists of Essential Medicines (EMLs) for Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America from a paediatric endocrinology and diabetes standpoint. A master list of medicines deemed necessary in paediatric endocrinology and diabetes was established and compared with the WHO and national EMLs, taking into account the gross national income...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587672/exploring-parent-reported-barriers-to-supporting-their-child-s-health-behaviors-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jocelyn W Jarvis, Daniel W Harrington, Heather Manson
BACKGROUND: Parents can influence the health behaviors of their children by engaging in supportive behaviors (e.g., playing outside with their child, limiting recreational screen time). How, and the extent to which parents engage in supportive behaviors may be influenced by perceived barriers. The purpose of this study is to explore whether the frequency, and types, of barriers to providing parental support are dependent on the type of child health behavior being supported (i.e., physical activity, recreational screen time reduction, healthy eating, and sleep)...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584408/early-life-stress-effects-on-the-regulation-of-anxiety-expression-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Amanda R Burkholder, Kalsea J Koss, Camelia E Hostinar, Anna E Johnson, Megan R Gunnar
This study examined children's (N = 79; 9-10 years) and adolescents' (N = 82; 15-16 years) ability to regulate their emotion expressions of anxiety as they completed a modified version of the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C). Approximately half in each age group were internationally adopted from institutional care (N = 79) and half were non-adopted, age-matched peers (N = 82). Institutional care was viewed as a form of early life stress. Coders who were reliable and blind to group status watched videos of the session to assess anxiety expressions using the Child and Adolescent Stress and Emotion Scale developed for this study...
November 2016: Social Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583170/community-dialogues-for-child-health-results-from-a-qualitative-process-evaluation-in-three-countries
#12
Sandrine Martin, Jordana Leitão, Denis Muhangi, Anthony Nuwa, Dieterio Magul, Helen Counihan
BACKGROUND: Across the developing world, countries are increasingly adopting the integrated community case management of childhood illnesses (iCCM) strategy in efforts to reduce child mortality. This intervention's effectiveness is dependent on community adoption and changes in care-seeking practices. We assessed the implementation process of a theory-driven community dialogue (CD) intervention specifically designed to strengthen the support and uptake of the newly introduced iCCM services and related behaviours in three African countries...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581153/self-reported-current-practices-in-child-forensic-interviewing-training-tools-and-pre-interview-preparation
#13
Jillian Rowback Rivard, Nadja Schreiber Compo
In child sexual abuse investigations, forensic interviewers within the Child Advocacy Center (CAC) model serve as neutral fact-finders for a team of professionals tasked with investigating and intervening in cases of alleged child sexual abuse. Although empirical evidence has led to the development of best-practice techniques and protocols, there is currently no universally adopted protocol in the field. The present research gathered detailed information from a national sample of real-world child forensic interviewers about their training and current practices, with a specific focus on assessing the information interviewers typically review prior to conducting child forensic interviews...
May 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580165/managing-challenging-behaviour-in-preschool-children-post-traumatic-brain-injury-with-online-clinician-support-protocol-for-a-pilot-study
#14
Kaitlyn Taylor, Cathy Catroppa, Celia Godfrey, Audrey McKinlay, Jennie Ponsford, Jan Matthews, Vicki Anderson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is associated with a range of poor long-term outcomes, including behavioural disturbances. Parents can experience high levels of stress and injury-related burden, and evidence suggests that distressed parents are less likely to adopt positive parenting styles to manage their child's behaviour. The 'Signposts for Building Better Behaviour' program is a parenting programme that was originally developed to assist parents of children with an intellectual disability in managing their child's behaviour...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574966/moving-toward-test-and-start-learning-from-the-experience-of-universal-antiretroviral-therapy-programs-for-hiv-infected-pregnant-breastfeeding-women
#15
Sara E Forhan, Surbhi Modi, James C Houston, Laura N Broyles
: In 2015, the WHO recommended universal antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all people living with HIV after two randomized controlled trials revealed lower rates of mortality and serious illnesses among people living with HIV receiving immediate ART compared with those receiving deferred ART. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa rapidly adopted this guidance and are implementing 'test and start' programs.As this work begins, lessons learned from prevention of mother-to-child transmission Option B+ programs can inform decisions for new universal HIV treatment programs...
June 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574671/interdisciplinary-care-in-disorders-differences-of-sex-development-dsd-the-psychosocial-component-of-the-dsd-translational-research-network
#16
David E Sandberg, Melissa Gardner, Nina Callens, Tom Mazur
Scientific discovery and clinical management strategies for Disorders/Differences of Sex Development (DSD) have advanced in recent years. The 2006 Consensus Statement on Management of Intersex Disorders stated that a mental health component to care is integral to promote positive adaptation, yet the parameters of this element have not been described. The objective of this paper is threefold: to describe the psychosocial screening protocol adopted by the clinical centers of the DSD-Translational Research Network; to summarize psychosocial data collected at 1 of the 10 network sites; and to suggest how systematic behavioral health screenings can be employed to tailor care in DSD that results in better health and quality of life outcomes...
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562799/promoting-oral-care-in-the-preschool-child-effects-of-a-playful-learning-intervention
#17
Cecília Helena de Siqueira Sigaud, Bruna Rodrigues Dos Santos, Priscila Costa, Aurea Tamami Minagawa Toriyama
Objective: To compare the number of appropriate behaviors for tooth brushing before and after a playful learning intervention with preschool children. Method: A quasi-experimental, quantitative, before and after study design was conducted in an early childhood educational institution, with children between three and five years of age. The intervention consisted of three meetings with educational activities about tooth brushing, whose outcome was evaluated by means of observation of ten behaviors suitable for tooth brushing...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561769/water-consumption-in-european-children-associations-with-intake-of-fruit-juices-soft-drinks-and-related-parenting-practices
#18
Krystallia Mantziki, Carry M Renders, Jaap C Seidell
Background: High intake of fruit juices and soft drinks contributes to excessive weight gain and obesity in children. Furthermore, parenting practices play an important role in the development of children's dietary habits. The way parents play this role in the development of their children's choices of beverages is still unclear. Objectives: To study the associations: (1) of both fruit juices and soft drinks consumption with water consumption of children and (2) The associations between parenting practices towards fruit juices and soft drinks and water consumption of children...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555302/respecting-the-dignity-of-children-with-disabilities-in-clinical-practice
#19
Adam Cureton, Anita Silvers
Prevailing philosophies about parental and other caregiver responsibilities toward children tend to be protectionist, grounded in informed benevolence in a way that countenances rather than circumvents intrusive paternalism. And among the kinds of children an adult might be called upon to parent or otherwise care for, children with disabilities figure among those for whom the strongest and snuggest shielding is supposed be deployed. In this article, we examine whether this equation of securing well-being with sheltering by protective parents and other care-givers should unreflectively be adopted for disabled children...
May 29, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551458/maternal-substance-use-and-child-protection-a-rapid-evidence-assessment-of-factors-associated-with-loss-of-child-care
#20
REVIEW
Martha Canfield, Polly Radcliffe, Sally Marlow, Marggie Boreham, Gail Gilchrist
This article reviews the literature on the factors associated with mothers who use substances losing care of their children. A rapid evidence assessment was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses. Medline and PsycINFO databases were searched to identify primary research studies published in English during January 2000-September 2016. Studies were included if they presented individual, formal support (e.g., receiving substance use treatment) or informal support (e...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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