Read by QxMD icon Read

Child adoption

Rachel H Farr
Controversy continues to surround parenting by lesbian and gay (LG) adults and outcomes for their children. As sexual minority parents increasingly adopt children, longitudinal research about child development, parenting, and family relationships is crucial for informing such debates. In the psychological literature, family systems theory contends that children's healthy development depends upon healthy family functioning more so than family structure. From the framework of family stress theory, it was expected that longitudinal outcomes for school-age children adopted in infancy could be distinct among those with same-sex versus other-sex parents (N = 96 families)...
October 20, 2016: Developmental Psychology
Markus Granzin, Ana Stojanovic, Matthias Miller, Richard Childs, Volker Huppert, Adelheid Cerwenka
Natural killer (NK) cells are promising antitumor effector cells, but the generation of sufficient NK cell numbers for adoptive immunotherapy remains challenging. Therefore, we developed a method for highly efficient ex vivo expansion of human NK cells. Ex vivo expansion of NK cells in medium containing IL-2 and irradiated clinical-grade feeder cells (EBV-LCL) induced a 22-fold NK cell expansion after one week that was significantly increased to 53-fold by IL-21. Repeated stimulation with irradiated EBV-LCL and IL-2 and addition of IL-21 at the initiation of the culture allowed sustained NK cell proliferation with 10(11)-fold NK cell expansion after 6 weeks...
2016: Oncoimmunology
Martin Kuete, HongFang Yuan, Aude Laure Tchoua Kemayou, Emmanuel Ancel Songo, Fan Yang, XiuLan Ma, ChengLiang Xiong, HuiPing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Integration of family planning services (FPS) into human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care for HIV-infected women is an important aspect of the global prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) strategy. We assessed the integration of FPS into routine care of HIV-infected mothers by evaluating the uptake and barriers of contraception and PMTCT services. METHODS: We conducted an interventional study using the interrupted time series approach in the health care facilities located in Yaounde, Cameroon...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Matt Liebman, Bàrbara Baraibar, Yvonne Buckley, Dylan Childs, Svend Christensen, Roger Cousens, Hanan Eizenberg, Sanne Heijting, Donato Loddo, Aldo Merotto, Michael Renton, Marleen Riemens
Weed management is a critically important activity on both agricultural and non-agricultural lands, but it is faced with a daunting set of challenges: environmental damage caused by control practices, weed resistance to herbicides, accelerated rates of weed dispersal through global trade, and greater weed impacts due to changes in climate and land use. Broad-scale use of new approaches is needed if weed management is to be successful in the coming era. We examine three approaches likely to prove useful for addressing current and future challenges from weeds: diversifying weed management strategies with multiple complementary tactics, developing crop genotypes for enhanced weed suppression, and tailoring management strategies to better accommodate variability in weed spatial distributions...
July 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Camilla Lauritzen, Charlotte Reedtz
BACKGROUND: Children who have parents with mental health problems are a vulnerable group. Intervening early to support parents with a mental illness can contribute to improve outcomes for children. Rigging the adult mental health system in such a manner that child responsible personnel are designated in wards is a strategy to systematically address the needs of families. It has since 2010 been mandatory for Norwegian hospitals to appoint such personnel in all hospital wards. The current study aimed to investigate the appointment of child responsible personnel in the adult mental health services in a regional hospital with local clinics...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Valerie Michaelson, William Pickett, Eleanor Vandemeer, Brian Taylor, Colleen Davison
Health perceptions adopted during childhood lay foundations for adult health trajectories and experiences. This study used a sequential mixed methods design to generate new evidence about child perceptions of health in two samples of Canadian children. A core qualitative study was followed by a complementary quantitative analysis to aid interpretation. Generational theory was used as a lens through which to interpret all data. Findings suggested that good health is perceived as customized and subjective. The strengths and liabilities of these perceptions are discussed, as well as implications for health promotion and prevention strategies...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Jennifer Jao, Rohan Hazra, Claude A Mellins, Robert H Remien, Elaine J Abrams
INTRODUCTION: The tremendous success of antiretroviral therapy has resulted in a diminishing population of perinatally HIV-infected children on the one hand and a mounting number of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children on the other. As the oldest of these HEU children are reaching adolescence, questions have emerged surrounding the implications of HEU status disclosure to these adolescents. This article outlines the arguments for and against disclosure of a child's HEU status. DISCUSSION: Disclosure of a child's HEU status, by definition, requires disclosure of maternal HIV status...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Etienne Karita, Sabin Nsanzimana, Felix Ndagije, Kristin M Wall, Jeannine Mukamuyango, Placidie Mugwaneza, Eric Remera, Pratima L Raghunathan, Roger Bayingana, Kayitesi Kayitenkore, Brigitte Bekan-Homawoo, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen
BACKGROUND: Couples' voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) is a WHO-recommended intervention for prevention of heterosexual HIV transmission which very few African couples have received. We report the successful nationwide implementation of CVCT in Rwanda. METHODS: From 1988 to 1994 in Rwanda, pregnant and postpartum women were tested for HIV and requested testing for their husbands. Partner testing was associated with more condom use and lower HIV and sexually transmitted infection rates, particularly among HIV-discordant couples...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Leslie Morgan
Adolescents are at higher risk for suicide attempts than other age groups. Suicide is now the second leading cause of death in the United States for ages 12 to 18; moreover, the risk of suicide is significantly higher for adoptive teens. In fact, adoptive teenagers have a four times higher rate of suicide attempts than biological children, perhaps due to the underlying nature of adoption, which can involve a pervasive sense of grief and loss for the adoptee. Unresolved anger and sadness from feelings of abandonment-especially when transitioning to adolescence-can cause a seemingly functional child to dissociate through self-harm and eventually demonstrate suicidal behavior...
October 13, 2016: NASN School Nurse
Larissa de Souza Siqueira, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Lilian Cristine Hübner, Rochele Paz Fonseca
Introduction: The Hayling Test assesses the components of initiation, inhibition, cognitive flexibility and verbal speed by means of a sentence completion task. This study presents the process of developing the Brazilian version of the Child Hayling Test (CHT) and reports evidence of its content validity. Methods: 139 people took part in the study. The adaptation was performed by seven translators and 12 specialist judges. An initial sample of 92 healthy children was recruited to test a selection of sentences adapted from previous adult and pediatric versions of the instrument, and a sample of 28 healthy children was recruited for pilot testing of the final version...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Kanae Karita, Mineshi Sakamoto, Minoru Yoshida, Nozomi Tatsuta, Kunihiko Nakai, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Toyoto Iwata, Eri Maeda, Kozue Yaginuma-Sakurai, Hiroshi Satoh, Katsuyuki Murata
More than sixty years has passed since the outbreak of Minamata disease, and high-level methylmercury contaminations now seem nonexistent in Japan. However, mercury has been continuously discharged from natural sources and industrial activities, and the health effects on children susceptible to methylmercury exposure at low levels, in addition to mercury contamination from mercury or gold mining areas in developing countries, become a worldwide concern. In this article, we provide a recent overview of epidemiological studies regarding methylmercury and mercury...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
David Teye Doku, Mumuni Mukaila Zankawah, Addae Boateng Adu-Gyamfi
BACKGROUND: The burden of malaria in terms of morbidity and mortality is huge is Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly among pregnant women. Among the measures to curb down this burden include intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) and effective case management. These strategies were adopted by Ghana and implemented since 2003; however, there is still high dropout rate in IPT coverage. This study sought to investigate factors contributing to high dropout rate between IPT1 and IPT3 in the Tamale Metropolis, one of the health facilities with the highest IPT dropout rates in Ghana...
October 10, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Mpho Keetile, Motsholathebe Bowelo
BACKGROUND: Safe male child circumcision has been recently adopted as a potential strategy to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission in later life in Botswana. METHODS: Data used was derived from a cross-sectional survey, the Botswana AIDS Impact Survey (BAIS) IV, conducted in 2013. A total sample of 7984 respondents in ages 15-64 years who had successfully completed the individual questionnaire during the survey were selected and included for analysis. Both descriptive and multivariable analyses were used to explore factors associated with acceptability of child circumcision...
October 6, 2016: BMC Public Health
Vidit Munshi, Gavin Yamey, Stéphane Verguet
Trends in child mortality, maternal mortality, and fertility in India reveal wide variation across states. As a whole, India performs worse than many other low- and middle-income countries, although its rates of improvement have recently increased. Differences in health systems and adopted policies may account for some of the variation across Indian states.
October 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Antonella Mancusi, Loredana Ruggeri, Andrea Velardi
The present review describes the biology of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype mismatched ("haploidentical") transplantation, its translation to clinical practice to cure leukemia and the results of current transplantation protocols. The 1990s saw what had been major drawbacks of haploidentical transplantation, i.e., very strong host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host alloresponses which led respectively to rejection and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), being overcome through transplantation of a "mega-dose" of T cell-depleted peripheral blood hematopoietic progenitor cells and no posttransplant pharmacological immunosuppression...
October 3, 2016: Blood
Jessica R Gorman, Brian W Whitcomb, Daniel Standridge, Vanessa L Malcarne, Sally A D Romero, Samantha A Roberts, H Irene Su
PURPOSE: We compared adoption consideration between female young adult cancer survivors and women of the same age in the general US population, hypothesizing that cancer survivors who desired children would report greater interest in adoption than an age-adjusted general population sample who desired children. METHODS: After age-standardizing the cancer survivor cohort to match the age distribution of the 2006-2010 National Survey for Family Growth (NSFG), we estimated adoption consideration among women age 18-35 years who wanted a (another) child in the two cohorts overall and within age groups...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Weihua Wang, Feng Liu, Zhicheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Xiaojing Fan, Ruru Liu, Shaonong Dang
Studies on growth pattern of Tibetan infants and the difference from other child groups were limited due to its special living environment and unique customs. In this study, 253 Tibetan infants were followed-up from their birth to 12(th) month in rural Tibet. Five visits were conducted and weight and length were measured at each visit. Mixed model was employed to analyze the growth pattern of Tibetan infants and its comparison to the Han infants. Propensity Scores (PS) technique was adopted to control for the potential confounding factors...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
J G Sackou Kouakou, B S Aka, A E Hounsa, R Attia, R Wilson, O Ake, S Oga, Y Houenou, L Kouadio
INTRODUCTION: In Côte d'Ivoire, the prevalence of malnutrition among children younger than 5 years exceeded 5% in 2011 and was thus considered serious. This overall prevalence may nonetheless mask differences and specificities between regions and municipalities. This study sought to determine the prevalence and risk factors of malnutrition among children in this age group in a semi-urban area of Abidjan. METHODS: This exhaustive, descriptive, cross-sectional survey took place from May 6 to July 31, 2010...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Patricia Waldvogel, Ulrike Ehlert
The emotional consequences of fatherhood are markedly conditional on the context in which fatherhood is lived out. This study examines the association between different contemporary forms of fatherhood and paternal psychological well-being. The data are from an anonymous online survey of 3615 biological fathers, stepfathers, adoptive fathers, and foster fathers across the German-speaking countries of Central Europe. First, a detailed characterization of the different existing family constellations is provided...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Caroline Voiry, Kathleen Charvier, Frédérique Courtois, Pascal Giraux, Corinne Berthelot-Del Aguila, Gille Rode
OBJECTIVE: Most French people think that disabled people do not have any sexual life in terms of pleasure and reproduction. Or sex contributes to a great part of each individual's well-being and health. In our study, we determined the reproductive sexuality of men with an exclusively traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) treated at the Henry-Gabrielle Hospital in Saint-Genis-Laval from January 2000 to December 2010, who benefited, or not, from a sexological assessment. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an observational and retrospective study on the number of births in a cohort of 320 men with SCI, aged from 18 to 45 years at the time of their accident and who have an exclusively traumatic SCI without any evolution...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"