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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900751/-reflection-on-the-differences-and-similarities-of-mental-health-care-in-virginia-and-taiwan-geography-history-culture-and-nurse-practitioners
#1
Chueh-Fen Lu, Ching-Chuan Tung, Linda Ely
Sponsored by the pilot overseas internships project of the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, the authors and ten undergraduate students from Taiwan visited several mental health facilities in Virginia for one month. These facilities included the Catawba State Hospital, Salem Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Carilion Saint Albans Behavioral Health (New River Valley Medical Center), Warm Hearth Village, Adult & Child Family Counseling private outpatient clinic, the Free Clinic of the New River Valley, New Life Clubhouse, and Self-Government Program for Assertive Community Treatment...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890400/country-specific-predictions-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-malaria-vaccine-rts-s-as01-in-endemic-africa
#2
Katya Galactionova, Fabrizio Tediosi, Flavia Camponovo, Thomas A Smith, Peter W Gething, Melissa A Penny
BACKGROUND: RTS,S/AS01 is a safe and moderately efficacious vaccine considered for implementation in endemic Africa. Model predictions of impact and cost-effectiveness of this new intervention could aid in country adoption decisions. METHODS: The impact of RTS,S was assessed in 43 countries using an ensemble of models of Plasmodium falciparum epidemiology. Informed by the 32months follow-up data from the phase 3 trial, vaccine effectiveness was evaluated at country levels of malaria parasite prevalence, coverage of control interventions and immunization...
November 24, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888022/intentions-and-barriers-toward-breastfeeding-among-jordanian-mothers-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-using-quantitative-method
#3
Ahmad Yahya Al-Sagarat, Ghada Yaghmour, Lorna Moxham
PROBLEM/BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is very important for both mother and infant. Within Jordanian hospitals, intentions and barriers to breastfeeding have not been addressed effectively during preparing policies in routine antenatal care or in maternal and child health care. AIM: To identify the intentions and barriers toward breastfeeding among Jordanian mothers with a specific focus on women from low income circumstances. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study using quantitative methods was adopted in this study...
November 22, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882187/child-teacher-and-parent-perceptions-of-the-friends-classroom-based-universal-anxiety-prevention-programme-a-qualitative-study
#4
Elena Skryabina, Joanna Morris, Danielle Byrne, Nicola Harkin, Sarah Rook, Paul Stallard
School-based mental health prevention programmes can be effective but their adoption within schools will depend on their social acceptability. We report a qualitative evaluation summarising the views of children (115), parents (20) and school staff (47) about a universal school-based anxiety prevention programme FRIENDS. This study was conducted as part of a large scale randomised controlled trial (n = 1362) involving 40 schools in the UK providing primary education to children aged 7-11. Reported overall experience of the programme was very positive, with all three major components of the cognitive behaviour therapy programme (emotional, cognitive, and behavioural) being accepted well and understood by children...
2016: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879246/father-involvement-in-early-child-rearing-and-behavioural-outcomes-in-their-pre-adolescent-children-evidence-from-the-alspac-uk-birth-cohort
#5
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Emily Savage-McGlynn, Maria A Quigley
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of paternal involvement in early child-rearing adopting a social developmental perspective, and estimate its effect on behavioural outcomes of children aged 9 and 11 years. SETTING: The data come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the former county of Avon in the southwest of England. PARTICIPANTS: Out of the 14 701 children in this cohort who were alive at 1 year, 10 440 children were living with both parents at 8 months and were therefore eligible...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876269/a-social-ecology-analysis-of-childbirth-among-females-emancipating-from-foster-care
#6
Svetlana Shpiegel, Michele Cascardi, Michael Dineen
PURPOSE: No research has examined childbirth from a national perspective among females emancipating from foster care. The present study fills this gap by: (1) documenting the rates of initial and repeat births among females ages 17 and 19 in a national prospective study and (2) identifying risk and protective factors at age 17 that predict childbirth between ages 17 and 19. METHODS: This study used data from the National Youth in Transition Database and Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System to identify risk and protective factors associated with childbirth in a national sample of transition-age female youth (N = 3,474)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871107/the-large-omnidirectional-child-lodc-atd-biofidelity-comparison-with-the-hybrid-iii-10-year-old
#7
Jason Stammen, Kevin Moorhouse, Brian Suntay, Michael Carlson, Yun-Seok Kang
When the Hybrid III 10-year old (HIII-10C) anthropomorphic test device (ATD) was adopted into Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 49 Part 572 as the best available tool for evaluating large belt-positioning booster seats in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 213, NHTSA stated that research activities would continue to improve the performance of the HIII-10C to address biofidelity concerns. A significant part of this effort has been NHTSA's in-house development of the Large Omnidirectional Child (LODC) ATD...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863508/the-effects-of-mch-insurance-cards-on-improving-equity-in-access-and-use-of-maternal-and-child-health-care-services-in-tanzania-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#8
August Kuwawenaruwa, Gemini Mtei, Jitihada Baraka, Kassimu Tani
BACKGROUND: Inequity in access and use of child and maternal health services is impeding progress towards reduction of maternal mortality in low-income countries. To address low usage of maternal and newborn health care services as well as financial protection of families, some countries have adopted demand-side financing. In 2010, Tanzania introduced free health insurance cards to pregnant women and their families to influence access, use, and provision of health services. However, little is known about whether the use of the maternal and child health cards improved equity in access and use of maternal and child health care services...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862088/prognostic-dilemmas-and-genetic-counseling-for-prenatally-detected-fragile-x-gene-expansions
#9
Brenda Finucane, Sharyn Lincoln, Lindsay Bailey, Christa Lese Martin
With widespread adoption of fragile X carrier screening in pregnant women, the number of expectant couples receiving news of an unanticipated Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 (FMR1) gene expansion has increased. The most common abnormal result from maternal FMR1 testing involves an intermediate allele, also known as a gray zone result, which requires genetic counseling but poses minimal risk for an adverse developmental outcome. By contrast, the finding of a maternal FMR1 pre- or full mutation during pregnancy has important implications for the woman herself, her unborn child, and her extended family...
November 11, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854537/effects-of-a-new-state-policy-on-physical-activity-practices-in-child-care-centers-in-south-carolina
#10
Jennifer R O'Neill, Marsha Dowda, Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Brian Neelon, Russell R Pate
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the extent to which child care centers in South Carolina improved physical activity practices after a new policy took effect. METHODS: In 2012, South Carolina adopted new mandatory physical activity standards within its child care quality enhancement program. This quasi-experimental study used North Carolina, a state not making policy changes, as the comparison. Participants were 34 child care centers in South Carolina and 30 centers in North Carolina...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849270/child-undernutrition-in-one-of-the-cities-with-greater-nutritional-risk-in-brazil-population-based-study-in-the-western-brazilian-amazon
#11
Thiago Santos de Araújo, Cristieli Sérgio de Menezes Oliveira, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Mônica da Silva-Nunes, Marly Augusto Cardoso
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of child undernutrition and associated factors in a municipality with high nutritional risk in Brazil. Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted with a sample of 478 children aged under 5 years in the city of Jordão, Acre, Brazil. The following indicators were calculated: weight for age (W/A), height for age (H/A), and weight for height (W/H), using the growth curves of the WHO as reference, which adopts a cutoff of -2 z scores for identification of malnourished children...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843855/comparison-of-effectiveness-of-two-methods-of-health-education-on-cancer-awareness-among-adolescent-school-children-in-a-rural-area-of-southern-india
#12
Surekha Anbazhagan, Deepthi Shanbhag, Anu Antony, Kypoo Bhanuprakash, Suguna Anbazhagan, Niresh Chandran, Goud Ramakrishna
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a major public health problem worldwide. There is an urgent need for a reinvigorated and tailored approach to promote cancer prevention and treatment-related health education, especially among the youth. OBJECTIVE: (1) To assess the knowledge and awareness of the students of adolescent age group about cancer. (2) To compare two methods of health education on improving awareness about cancer among these students. METHODOLOGY: We conducted an interventional study among students (both male and female) of adolescent age group (10-19 years) who attend Government school (Lakkur and Kugur) in Sarjapur PHC between May and September 2014...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834840/the-effect-of-a-pilot-pediatric-in-patient-department-based-smoking-cessation-intervention-on-parental-smoking-and-children-s-secondhand-smoke-shs-exposure-in-guangxi-china
#13
Kaiyong Huang, Li Yang, Jonathan P Winickoff, Jing Liao, Guangmin Nong, Zhiyong Zhang, Xia Liang, Gang Liang, Abu S Abdullah
Children's exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home has numerous adverse health effects. This study evaluated the effects of a pediatric in-patient department-based pilot smoking cessation intervention for household members to reduce children's SHS exposure and encourage smoking cessation. A pre-post test design study was designed to assess the effectiveness of a telephone counseling intervention on household members of hospitalized children in pediatric departments. Data were collected with a standardized Chinese language questionnaire...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832050/progress-toward-regional-measles-elimination-worldwide-2000-2015
#14
Minal K Patel, Marta Gacic-Dobo, Peter M Strebel, Alya Dabbagh, Mick N Mulders, Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, Laure Dumolard, Paul A Rota, Katrina Kretsinger, James L Goodson
Adopted in 2000, United Nations Millennium Development Goal 4 set a target to reduce child mortality by two thirds by 2015, with measles vaccination coverage as one of the progress indicators. In 2010, the World Health Assembly (WHA) set three milestones for measles control by 2015: 1) increase routine coverage with the first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) for children aged 1 year to ≥90% nationally and ≥80% in every district; 2) reduce global annual measles incidence to <5 cases per 1 million population; and 3) reduce global measles mortality by 95% from the 2000 estimate (1,2)...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831702/effects-of-a-classroom-intervention-with-spatial-play-materials-on-children-s-object-and-viewer-transformation-abilities
#15
Karin M Vander Heyden, Mariette Huizinga, Jelle Jolles
Children practice their spatial skills when playing with spatial toys, such as construction materials, board games, and puzzles. Sex and SES differences are observed in the engagement in such spatial play activities at home, which relate to individual differences in spatial performance. The current study investigated the effects of explicitly providing spatial play activities in the school setting on different types of spatial ability. We presented 8- to 10-year-old children with a short and easy-to-adopt classroom intervention comprising a set of different spatial play materials...
November 10, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829490/strategies-to-improve-male-involvement-in-pmtct-option-b-in-four-african-countries-a-qualitative-rapid-appraisal
#16
Donela Besada, Sarah Rohde, Ameena Goga, Nika Raphaely, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Vundli Ramokolo, Vuyolwethu Magasana, Nobuntu Noveve, Tanya Doherty
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends that antiretroviral therapy be started as soon as possible, irrespective of stage of HIV infection. This 'test and treat' approach highlights the need to ensure that men are involved in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT). This article presents findings from a rapid appraisal of strategies to increase male partner involvement in PMTCT services in Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, and Côte d'Ivoire in the context of scale-up of Option B+ protocol...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829473/a-qualitative-kaupapa-m%C3%A4-ori-approach-to-understanding-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-grandparents-in-auckland-new-zealand
#17
Rachel Tapera, Matire Harwood, Anneka Anderson
OBJECTIVE: The present research sought to better understand the barriers, facilitators, attitudes and beliefs that influence the way Māori and Samoan grandparents feed their grandchildren in a deprived urban neighbourhood in New Zealand. DESIGN: The research adopted a qualitative methodology that was consistent with a Kaupapa Māori research approach. Seven semi-structured interviews were conducted with grandparents to collect narrative data. SETTING: Sampling occurred in one Auckland suburb...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820980/can-improvised-somatic-dance-reduce-acute-pain-for-young-people-in-hospital
#18
Lisa Dowler
Aim This study explores the effects of improvised somatic dance (ISD) on children and young people experiencing acute pain following orthopaedic or cardiac surgery, or post-acquired brain injury. Methods The study involved 25 children and young people and adopted a mixed methods approach. This included a descriptive qualitative approach to help the participants and witnesses verbalise their experience of ISD, and pain scores were assessed before and after ISD using validated pain assessment tools. Data were analysed using descriptive statistical analysis...
November 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815802/psychiatry-resident-training-in-cultural-competence-an-educator-s-toolkit
#19
REVIEW
Irma Corral, Toni L Johnson, Pheston G Shelton, Oliver Glass
Resident physicians training in psychiatry in the U.S. are required to master a body of knowledge related to cultural psychiatry; are expected to adopt attitudes that endorse the principles of cultural competence; and finally are expected to acquire specific cultural competence skills that facilitate working effectively with diverse patients. This article first provides an overview of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies related to cultural competence, as well as the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry's (AACAP) recommendations for the cultural competence training of child/adolescent fellows...
November 5, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811289/challenges-in-engaging-parents-in-the-drug-and-alcohol-treatment-the-professionals-perspective
#20
Evdokia Misouridou, Danai Papadatou
Addiction treatment centers often fail to involve families in treatment. The aim of the present study was to explore the challenges that Greek mental health professionals encounter in their work with parents of drug and alcohol abusers. A qualitative study design was adopted, and five focus group discussions were conducted with 27 drug and alcohol professionals. The thematic analysis of their accounts revealed the key difficulties that professionals encounter in their collaboration with parents that included parental lack of involvement or over-engagement in treatment, unrealistic expectations, ambivalence or opposition to change, ethical dilemmas, and alliance issues, as well as collaboration challenges among therapists...
November 2, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
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