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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436297/health-impact-assessment-hia-of-political-proposals-at-the-local-level-successful-introduction-but-what-has-happened-15-years-later
#1
Karin Berensson, Per Tillgren
Health impact assessments (HIAs) were first introduced in Sweden in the mid-to-late 1990s, with the aim of placing health issues on the political agenda and helping to reduce health inequalities. In the early 2000s, HIAs entered a second phase and the Swedish Parliament adopted a national public health policy. A national survey conducted in 2001 showed that 10/289 municipalities had begun to use HIA and 55/289 had decided to use HIA or had initiated an adoption process. In a 2013 follow-up study based on a strategic sample of municipalities, 9/36 municipalities reported using HIA and/or similar tools...
April 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434104/mullerian-dysgenesis-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Souzana Choussein, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Dimitrios Schizas, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
PURPOSE: To present an update of the genetic, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. METHODS: Studies were considered eligible if they have evaluated patients with MRKH syndrome. Eligible articles were identified by a search of MEDLINE bibliographical database from 1950 to August 2016. A purely descriptive approach was adopted concerning all outcomes examined by the individual studies. RESULTS: MRKH syndrome is defined as congenital aplasia of the upper vagina and impairment of uterine development in normal 46XX females...
April 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431108/investments-in-children-s-health-and-the-kenyan-cash-transfer-for-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-evidence-from-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-scheme
#3
Carolyn Huang, Kavita Singh, Sudhanshu Handa, Carolyn Halpern, Audrey Pettifor, Harsha Thirumurthy
Child mortality is one of the most pressing global health and policy issues in the developing world. The leading drivers of death-pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria-are preventable and treatable. However, these illnesses are exacerbated by a lack of accessible nutrition, water, basic and preventive health services, and sanitary living conditions-all factors which are more likely to disproportionately impact the poor. We examine whether Kenya's largest social protection impacts children's incidence of upper respiratory illness...
April 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412899/monitoring-of-patients-on-second-generation-antipsychotics-a-national-survey-of-child-psychiatrists
#4
Jennifer L McLaren, Mary F Brunette, Gregory J McHugo, Robert E Drake, William B Daviss
OBJECTIVE: The survey assessed self-reported monitoring by child psychiatrists of children prescribed second-generation antipsychotics, facilitators and barriers to monitoring, and steps taken to adhere to monitoring. METHODS: The authors anonymously surveyed 4,144 U.S. child psychiatrists. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regressions were utilized to describe results and identify correlates of monitoring. RESULTS: Among responders (N=1,314, 32%), over 95% were aware of all guidelines, over 80% agreed with most guidelines, but less than 20% had adopted and adhered to most guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401831/attachment-states-of-mind-among-internationally-adoptive-and-foster-parents
#5
K Lee Raby, Heather A Yarger, Teresa Lind, R Chris Fraley, Esther Leerkes, Mary Dozier
The first aim of the current study was to examine the latent structure of attachment states of mind as assessed by the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) among three groups of parents of children at risk for insecure attachments: parents who adopted internationally (N = 147), foster parents (N = 300), and parents living in poverty and involved with Child Protective Services (CPS; N = 284). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated the state of mind rating scales loaded on two factors reflecting adults' preoccupied and dismissing states of mind...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399881/the-influence-of-parental-practices-on-child-promotive-and-preventive-food-consumption-behaviors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Andrew Z H Yee, May O Lwin, Shirley S Ho
BACKGROUND: The family is an important social context where children learn and adopt eating behaviors. Specifically, parents play the role of health promoters, role models, and educators in the lives of children, influencing their food cognitions and choices. This study attempts to systematically review empirical studies examining the influence of parents on child food consumption behavior in two contexts: one promotive in nature (e.g., healthy food), and the other preventive in nature (e...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398996/lessons-learned-from-option-b-in-the-evolution-toward-test-and-start-from-malawi-cameroon-and-the-united-republic-of-tanzania
#7
Thokozani Kalua, Beth A Tippett Barr, Joep J van Oosterhout, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Erik J Schouten, Sundeep Gupta, Amakobe Sande, Gerald Zomba, Hannock Tweya, Edgar Lungu, Deborah Kajoka, Pius Tih, Andreas Jahn
The acceleration of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) activities, coupled with the rollout of 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, led to important discussions and innovations at global and country levels. One paradigm-shifting innovation was Option B+ in Malawi. It was later included in WHO guidelines and eventually adopted by all 22 Global Plan priority countries. This article presents Malawi's experience with designing and implementing Option B+ and provides complementary narratives from Cameroon and Tanzania...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398954/moving-towards-test-and-start-learning-from-the-experience-of-universal-art-programs-for-hiv-infected-pregnant-breastfeeding-women
#8
Sara E Forhan, Surbhi Modi, James C Houston, Laura N Broyles
: In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended universal antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all people living with HIV (PLHIV) after two randomized controlled trials revealed lower rates of mortality and serious illnesses among PLHIV receiving immediate ART compared to those receiving deferred ART. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa rapidly adopted this guidance and are implementing "test and start" programs.As this work begins, lessons learned from prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) Option B+ programs can inform decisions for new universal HIV treatment programs...
April 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395551/use-of-tigecycline-in-pediatric-clinical-practice
#9
Maria Vincenza Mastrolia, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino, Elena Chiappini
INTRODUCTION: Tigecycline, a derivative of minocycline, is an extended-spectrum antimicrobial agent. It has a restricted approval field in children and the experience of its adoption in clinical practice is reserved for cases of challenging infections. The aim of this review was to summarize evidence regarding the use of tigecycline in infants and children, focusing on the drug's clinical efficacy data and tolerability profile. AREAS COVERED: We have conducted a literature search of the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and MEDLINE databases, from their inception through January 5, 2017, using the following terms: tigecycline, newborn, infant, child, pediatrics, adolescent, human, clinical trial, and case report...
April 11, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382545/identifying-the-determinants-of-perceived-quality-in-outpatient-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-from-the-perspectives-of-parents-and-patients
#10
Carole Kapp, Thomas Perlini, Tiffanie Jeanneret, Philippe Stéphan, Alejandro Rojas-Urrego, Manuel Macias, Olivier Halfon, Laurent Holzer, Sébastien Urben
This cross-sectional survey adopting a multiple-informant perspective explores the factors that influence perceived quality (i.e., therapeutic alliance and satisfaction) in an outpatient setting within child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). A total of 1433 participants (parents, n = 770, and patients, n = 663) attending or having attended (drop-out) outpatient units participated in the study. The outcome measures were satisfaction (Client Satisfaction Questionnaire) and the therapeutic alliance (Helping Alliance Questionnaire)...
April 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377921/parental-feeding-practices-among-brazilian-school-aged-children-associations-with-parent-and-child-characteristics
#11
Laís Amaral Mais, Sarah Warkentin, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto Aguiar de Carrazedo Taddei
BACKGROUND: Children's eating behavior, food intake, and weight status are highly influenced by parents, who shape their food environment via parental feeding practices. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between sociodemographic, anthropometric, and behavioral/attitudinal characteristics of parents and their 5- to 9-year-old children and a range of positive ("healthy eating guidance," "monitoring") and potentially negative ("restriction for weight control," "restriction for health," "emotion regulation/food as reward," and "pressure") parental feeding practices...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376967/understanding-eating-behaviors-through-parental-communication-and-the-integrative-model-of-behavioral-prediction
#12
Emily Scheinfeld, Minsun Shim
OBJECTIVE: Emerging adulthood (EA) is an important yet overlooked period for developing long-term health behaviors. During these years, emerging adults adopt health behaviors that persist throughout life. This study applies the Integrative Model of Behavioral Prediction (IMBP) to examine the role of childhood parental communication in predicting engagement in healthful eating during EA. METHODS: Participants included 239 college students, ages 18 to 25, from a large university in the southern United States...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376910/the-preschool-activity-technology-health-adiposity-behaviour-and-cognition-path-abc-cohort-study-rationale-and-design
#13
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart Vella, Steven J Howard, Megan A Kelly, Douglas J Angus, Ian M Wright, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates internationally suggest that many preschool-aged children (3-5 years) are insufficiently physically active and engage in high levels of screen-based entertainment. Early childhood is the developmental period for which we know the least about the effects of physical activity on development and health. Likewise, rapid technological advancements in mobile electronic media have made screen-based forms of entertainment for young children ubiquitous, and research demonstrating the impacts on cognition, psychosocial well-being, and health has lagged behind the rate of adoption of these technologies...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374573/agreement-between-concern-about-autism-spectrum-disorder-at-the-time-of-referral-and-diagnosis-and-factors-associated-with-agreement
#14
Bee H Lo, Felicity Klopper, Elizabeth H Barnes, Katrina Williams
AIM: This study examined the level of agreement between referral reason and diagnostic outcome for pre-school aged children showing developmental delays and differences. In particular, the level of agreement when there was concern about autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was investigated. METHODS: Clinical records for children (n = 677) assessed for developmental concerns at a multidisciplinary assessment clinic in Sydney, Australia, were examined. Referral reason and diagnostic outcome were compared...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374421/live-birth-outcome-spontaneous-pregnancy-and-adoption-up-to-five-years-after-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technology-treatment
#15
Helena Volgsten, Lone Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: This study is part of a longitudinal cohort undertaken in both women and men to describe live birth outcome after undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment in a clinical setting. Another objective was to follow women and men living with children from other alternatives after ART, such as adoption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 439 (80.5%) women and 423 (77.6%) men were included in the baseline cohort (2005-2007). Live birth rate after ART was 24...
April 4, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369374/a-qualitative-study-of-the-determinants-of-hiv-guidelines-implementation-in-two-south-eastern-districts-of-tanzania
#16
Mary N Mwangome, Eveline Geubbels, Alison Wringe, Jim Todd, Paul Klatser, Marjolein Dieleman
Current HIV policies in Tanzania have adopted the three long-term impact results of zero new infections, zero HIV deaths and zero stigma and discrimination. Strategies to reach these results include scaling-up HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC); Preventing Mother-To-Child Transmission (PMTCT); and strengthening Care and Treatment Clinic (CTC) services. Previous studies showed that HIV policy and guideline recommendations were not always implemented in rural South Tanzania. This study aims to identify the determinants of HIV guideline implementation...
March 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366898/as-long-as-parents-can-accept-them-medical-disclosure-risk-and-disability-in-twentieth-century-american-adoption-practice
#17
Sandra Sufian
This article reviews adoption debates about the disclosure of children's medical history in the twentieth century, noting shifts in the prescription of how much and what to tell adoptive applicants. I look at how adoption professional debates throughout the twentieth century around the disclosure of a child's medical history reveal the ways in which these professionals tried to deal with issues of predictability, risk, adoptability, and acceptability when it came to the persistent question of disability in adoptive family making...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#18
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348199/needs-of-kinship-care-families-and-pediatric-practice
#19
David Rubin, Sarah H Springer, Sarah Zlotnik, Christina D Kang-Yi
As many as 3% of children in the United States live in kinship care arrangements with caregivers who are relatives but not the biological parents of the child. A growing body of evidence suggests that children who cannot live with their biological parents fare better, overall, when living with extended family than with nonrelated foster parents. Acknowledging this, federal laws and public policies increasingly favor kinship care over nonrelative foster care when children are unable to live with their biological parents...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348193/determinants-of-second-pregnancy-among-pregnant-women-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#20
Xianglong Xu, Hanxiao Zuo, Zumin Shi, Yunshuang Rao, LianLian Wang, Huan Zeng, Lei Zhang, Manoj Sharma, Cesar Reis, Yong Zhao
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore determinants of second pregnancy and underlying reasons among pregnant Chinese women. DESIGN: The study was a population-based cross-sectional survey. SETTING: 16 hospitals in 5 provinces of Mainland China were included. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2345 pregnant women aged 18 years or above were surveyed face to face by investigators between June and August 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The pregnancy statuses (first or second pregnancy) and reasons for entering second pregnancy...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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