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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073176/parental-perceptions-of-clown-care-in-paediatric-intensive-care-units
#1
Guillaume Mortamet, Audrey Merckx, Nadia Roumeliotis, Caroline Simonds, Sylvain Renolleau, Philippe Hubert
AIM: The objective of this study was to report family satisfaction with regards to the presence of clowns in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This is a single-centre survey-based study, conducted over 4 months in a 12-bed third level PICU in a university hospital. All parents present at the bedside of their child during clowning were considered as potential participants. Eligible parents were approached by one of the two intensivists as investigators and asked to complete a survey within the 48 h following the clowns' intervention...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068109/not-a-mom-thing-predictors-of-gatekeeping-in-same-sex-and-heterosexual-parent-families
#2
Kristin K Sweeney, Abbie E Goldberg, Randi L Garcia
The current study is the first to examine parental gatekeeping in both same-sex (57 female, 51 male) and heterosexual (n = 82) couples, all of whom became parents via adoption. Aspects of the individual, the couple, and the work context, measured preadoption, were examined as predictors of gatekeeping. Gatekeeping refers to attitudes and behaviors aimed at regulating and limiting the involvement of the other parent in housework and child care and was measured 2 years postadoption. Findings revealed that women in heterosexual relationships reported higher gatekeeping compared with all other groups, and men in same-sex relationships reported higher gatekeeping compared with women in same-sex relationships and men in heterosexual relationships...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065449/a-specific-immune-tolerance-toward-offspring-cells-is-to-exist-after-the-mother-lymphocyte-infusion
#3
Haizhou Xing, Shiqin Liu, Xue Chen, Fang Fang, Xueqiang Wu, Ping Zhu
PURPOSE: To examine immune tolerance between maternal lymphocytes and offspring tissue after a donor lymphocyte infusion. METHODS: Mouse models were established by mating female BALB/c mice with male C57BL mice. Splenic lymphocytes from donors of different genetic backgrounds were labeled with carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE), and 1×10(7) of the labeled cells were intravenously injected into a recipient. At 6h, 24h, 72h and 120h after the infusion, mononuclear cells in recipient spleen, liver, thymus, lymph nodes, and peripheral blood were collected...
December 26, 2016: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065195/programming-maternal-and-child-overweight-and-obesity-in-the-context-of-undernutrition-current-evidence-and-key-considerations-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Lindsay M Jaacks, Justine Kavle, Abigail Perry, Albertha Nyaku
The goals of the present targeted review on maternal and child overweight and obesity were to: (i) understand the current situation in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) with regard to recent trends and context-specific risk factors; and (ii) building off this, identify entry points for leveraging existing undernutrition programmes to address overweight and obesity in LMIC. Trends reveal that overweight and obesity are a growing problem among women and children in LMIC; as in Ghana, Kenya, Niger, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, where the prevalence among urban women is approaching 50 %...
January 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063074/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-and-paediatric-hiv-care-and-treatment-monitoring-from-measuring-process-to-impact-and-elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv
#5
Priscilla Idele, Chika Hayashi, Tyler Porth, Awandha Mamahit, Mary Mahy
Progress towards achievement of global targets for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and paediatric HIV care and treatment is an integral part of global and national HIV and AIDS responses. This paper documents the development of the global and national monitoring and reporting systems for PMTCT and paediatric HIV care and treatment programmes, achievements and remaining challenges. A review of the development of the monitoring and reporting process since 2002-2016 was conducted using existing published literature and taking into account changes in WHO HIV treatment guidelines, global HIV goals and targets, programmatic and methodological developments, and increased need for interagency partnerships, coordination and harmonization of global monitoring and reporting mechanisms...
January 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057194/budget-impact-of-polio-immunization-strategy-for-india-introduction-of-one-dose-of-inactivated-poliomyelitis-vaccine-and-reductions-in-supplemental-polio-immunization
#6
M M Khan, S Sharma, B Tripathi, F P Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a budget impact analysis (BIA) of introducing the immunization recommendations of India Expert Advisory Group (IEAG) for the years 2015-2017. The recommendations include introduction of one inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) dose in the regular child immunization programme along with reductions in oral polio vaccine (OPV) doses in supplemental programmes. STUDY DESIGN: This is a national level analysis of budget impact of new polio immunization recommendations...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056539/mothers-perspectives-on-the-development-of-their-preschoolers-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-and-parent-child-relationship
#7
Keeley J Pratt, Catherine Van Fossen, Jennifer Cotto-Maisonet, Elizabeth N Palmer, Ihuoma Eneli
The study explores female caregivers' reflections on their relationship with their child (2-5 years old) and the development of their child's dietary and physical activity behaviors. Five, 90-minute semistructured focus groups were conducted to inquire about children's growth, eating behaviors and routines, physical activity, personality, and the parent-child relationship. Nineteen female caregivers diverse in race/ethnicity, age, and educational attainment participated. Participants reported that they maintained a schedule, but needed to be flexible to accommodate daily responsibilities...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056181/an-adoptive-mother-who-became-a-human-milk-donor
#8
Beatriz Flores-Antón, Nadia Raquel García-Lara, Carmen Rosa Pallás-Alonso
Inducing lactation in the absence of pregnancy (nonpuerperal lactation) is not always successful and, in many cases, only partial breastfeeding is achieved. Different protocols have been described, but scientific evidence and research are lacking in this area. The authors describe the case of a woman with a history of a miscarriage, for whom the lactation induction process was so effective that she became a milk donor even before she received her adopted child. She had not previously used hormone treatment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#9
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029758/adoption-and-foster-care-analysis-and-reporting-system-final-rule
#10
(no author information available yet)
The Social Security Act (the Act) requires that ACF regulate a national data collection system that provides comprehensive demographic and case-specific information on children who are in foster care and adopted. This final rule replaces existing Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) regulations and the appendices to require title IV-E agencies to collect and report data to ACF on children in out-of-home care, and who exit out-of-home care to adoption or legal guardianship, children in out-of-home care who are covered by the Indian Child Welfare Act, and children who are covered by a title IV-E adoption or guardianship assistance agreement...
14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029496/accuracy-of-the-estimation-of-dental-age-in-comparison-with-chronological-age-in-a-spanish-sample-of-2641-living-subjects-using-the-demirjian-and-nolla-methods
#11
María Melo, Javier Ata-Ali
Age estimation is an important procedure in forensic medicine and is carried out for a number of reasons. For living persons, age estimation is performed in order to assess whether a child has attained the age of criminal responsibility, in scenarios involving rape, kidnapping or marriage, in premature births, adoption procedures, illegal immigration, pediatric endocrine diseases and orthodontic malocclusion, as well as in circumstances in which the birth certificate is not available or the records are suspect...
October 12, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028203/development-of-a-pediatric-adverse-events-terminology
#12
Debbie S Gipson, Eric S Kirkendall, Brenda Gumbs-Petty, Theresa Quinn, A Steen, Amanda Hicks, Ann McMahon, Savian Nicholas, Anna Zhao-Wong, Perdita Taylor-Zapata, Mark Turner, Emily Herreshoff, Charlotte Jones, Jonathan M Davis, Margaret Haber, Steven Hirschfeld
In 2009, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) established the Pediatric Terminology Harmonization Initiative to establish a core library of terms to facilitate the acquisition and sharing of knowledge between pediatric clinical research, practice, and safety reporting. A coalition of partners established a Pediatric Terminology Adverse Event Working Group in 2013 to develop a specific terminology relevant to international pediatric adverse event (AE) reporting...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024279/a-review-of-the-literature-the-use-of-interactive-puppet-simulation-in-nursing-education-and-children-s-healthcare
#13
REVIEW
Ackland Tilbrook, Trudy Dwyer, Kerry Reid-Searl, Judi A Parson
The use of puppets in health care is emerging as a mode of simulation that combines elements of engaging with the child through play whilst at the same time providing education. This review examines the impact when nurses use play therapy or puppets as a simulation modality in nursing education and in the clinical paediatric nursing environment. Electronic search was conducted using CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and PsycINFO data bases, between 1980 and January 2015 with the combinations of play therapy; puppetry; nursing education; nursing; simulation; health professionals and puppets...
December 9, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018959/a-qualitative-systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-parents-vaccination-decision-making-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
REVIEW
Alice S Forster, Lauren Rockliffe, Amanda J Chorley, Laura A V Marlow, Helen Bedford, Samuel G Smith, Jo Waller
BACKGROUND: High uptake of vaccinations is crucial for disease prevention. Although overall uptake of childhood immunisations is high in the United Kingdom (UK), pockets of lower uptake remain. Novel systematic methods have not been employed when reviewing the qualitative literature examining parents' vaccination decisions. AIMS: We aimed to conduct a qualitative systematic review of studies in the UK to understand factors influencing parental decisions to vaccinate a child...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003806/psychological-disorders-and-ecological-factors-affect-the-development-of-executive-functions-%C3%A2-some-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Rafika Zebdi, Louise Goyet, Charlotte Pinabiaux, Bahia Guellaï
The links between deficits in executive functions (EFs) (e.g., mental flexibility, inhibition capacities, etc.) and some psychological disorders (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders) have been investigated in the past decades or so. Observations evidenced that some deficits in working memory, planning, and mental flexibility were highly correlated with anxiety and depressive disorders. The majority of studies focused on adults' population, whereas it seems important to adopt a developmental perspective to fully understand the dynamic relation of these EF/psychological disorders...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995043/influence-of-wechat-on-sleep-quality-among-undergraduates-in-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Xianglong Xu, Qianyi Lin, Yan Zhang, Runzhi Zhu, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that social media is associated with sleep quality. WeChat (a native social media in China) is very popular in China, especially among the youth. In the second quarter of 2016, Tencent's WeChat had 806 million monthly active users. The study sought to identify the influence of WeChat on the sleep quality among undergraduate students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey adopted a multi-stage stratified sampling survey to investigate undergraduates in Chongqing, China...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990491/livestock-vaccinations-translate-into-increased-human-capital-and-school-attendance-by-girls
#17
Thomas L Marsh, Jonathan Yoder, Tesfaye Deboch, Terry F McElwain, Guy H Palmer
To fulfill the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it is useful to understand whether and how specific agricultural interventions improve human health, educational opportunity, and food security. In sub-Saharan Africa, 75% of the population is engaged in small-scale farming, and 80% of these households keep livestock, which represent a critical asset and provide protection against economic shock. For the 50 million pastoralists, livestock play an even greater role. Livestock productivity for pastoralist households is constrained by multiple factors, including infectious disease...
December 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990174/determinants-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-practice-to-infants-aged-less-than-six-months-in-offa-district-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ayele Lenja, Tsegaye Demissie, Bereket Yohannes, Mulugeta Yohannis
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) recommends timely initiation of breastfeeding after birth and only feeding breast milk to infants during the first 6 months of life. It was estimated that exclusive breastfeeding can reduce infant deaths by 13%. The practice of exclusive breastfeeding is suboptimal in many parts of Ethiopia to a varied extent. Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice and the proportion of its practice was not well documented in Offa district...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982250/preparation-and-applicability-of-a-test-of-speech-perception-with-pictures
#19
Laís Flavia de Souza, Gabriela Rosito Alvarez Bernardez Braga, Ana Lúcia Rios Mota, Nelma Ellen Zamberlan-Amorim, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Reis
Purpose: To prepare and apply support material for responses to the Speech Recognition Percentage Index (SRPI) test in children. Methods: This is a descriptive, exploratory study conducted in two phases: in the first phase, 31 speech-language pathologists (referees) prepared material composed of regular, frequently used monosyllabic and disyllabic words belonging to the vocabulary of children and figures that could represent these words; the second phase consisted in the application of this material to 30 normal-hearing children aged 2 to 4 years and 11 months...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981400/strategies-and-challenges-in-recruiting-black-immigrant-mothers-for-a-community-based-study-on-child-nutritional-health-in-ottawa-canada
#20
Rosanne Blanchet, Dia Sanou, Constance P Nana, Elise Pauzé, Malek Batal, Isabelle Giroux
There is a need to identify barriers to participation as well as recruitment strategies to engage minority parents of young children in health-oriented research. This paper offers insights on strategies and challenges in recruiting black immigrant mothers living in Ottawa (Canada) for a community-based health-oriented research project among 6-to-12-year-old children. We recruited 259 mother-child dyads. Most participants were recruited by team members during community events, fairs, religious gatherings, etc...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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