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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345603/association-between-household-food-security-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-urban-informal-settlements-in-nairobi-kenya
#1
T N Macharia, S Ochola, M K Mutua, E W Kimani-Murage
Studies in urban informal settlements show widespread inappropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and high rates of food insecurity. This study assessed the association between household food security and IYCF practices in two urban informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. The study adopted a longitudinal design that involved a census sample of 1110 children less than 12 months of age and their mothers aged between 12 and 49 years. A questionnaire was used to collect information on: IYCF practices and household food security...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345495/milton-frank-shore-1928-2017
#2
Robert Henley Woody
Presents an obituary for Milton Frank Shore, who passed away on January 6, 2017, due to pneumonia. During a long career, he was a tireless advocate for children, particularly those who were underserved. In addition, he made important contributions as an author, editor, and administrator. He was actively engaged in independent practice at the time of his death. Milt was one of the founders of American Psychological Association (APA) Division 37 (Child, Youth, and Family Services) and served as its president (1978-1979)...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344677/is-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-public-health-concern-for-low-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Kevin D Cashman, Tony Sheehy, Colette M O'Neill
PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency has been receiving increasing attention as a potential public health concern in low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs), of which there are currently 83. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive systematic literature review (SLR) of available data on vitamin D status and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in all 83 LMICs. METHODS: We followed the general methodology for SLRs in the area of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Highest priority was placed on identifying relevant population-based studies, followed by cross-sectional studies, and to a lesser extent case-control studies...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343506/how-to-use%C3%A2-procalcitonin
#4
Philip Robinson, Surjo Kiran De
Diagnosing bacterial infection in the unwell or febrile child is a common challenge faced by all paediatricians. Despite the advent of novel molecular techniques, there is ongoing need for diagnostic assays with adequate performance and turnaround time to facilitate safe clinical decision-making when bacterial sepsis is suspected, such as whether to commence empirical treatment with antibiotics. Procalcitonin is an established marker of infection that has a potential role in the diagnosis and exclusion of serious or invasive bacterial infection in neonates and children...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343213/the-community-is-just-a-small-circle-citizen-participation-in-the-free-maternal-and-child-healthcare-programme-of-enugu-state-nigeria
#5
Daniel C Ogbuabor, Obinna E Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in knowledge about how citizen participation impacts governance of free healthcare policies for universal health coverage in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study provides evidence about how social accountability initiatives influenced revenue generation, pooling and fund management, purchasing and capacity of health facilities implementing the free maternal and child healthcare programme (FMCHP) in Enugu State, Nigeria...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335920/clergy-s-beliefs-about-mental-illness-and-their-perception-of-its-treatability-experience-from-a-church-based-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-pmtct-trial-in-nigeria
#6
Theddeus Iheanacho, Elina Stefanovics, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Clergy participating in the Healthy Beginning Initiative (N = 45), a program utilizing church workers to integrate packages of care into church activities, completed a 43-item self-administered questionnaire assessing their attitudes and beliefs about mental disorders and perception of their treatability. A majority believed that drug/alcohol use, stress and genetic inheritance could cause mental illness and that society needed to adopt more tolerant attitude toward people with mental disorders. Clergy with contact with people with mental disorders were more likely to perceive depression as treatable...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335152/-i-foster-babies-awaiting-adoption
#7
Isabelle Legrée
A mother's decision to give up a child is followed by a two-month period during which she may go back on her decision. During this time, the baby may be cared for in a care home or placed with a specialist foster family. An interview with Christiane Hamel, a retired children's nurse who has chosen to foster children in her home.
January 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334983/an-individually-tailored-family-centered-intervention-for-pediatric-obesity-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-type-ii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-raising-healthy-children-study
#8
Justin D Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C Atkins, Shrikanth S Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J Grimm, Thomas J Dishion, Anne M Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K Meachum, Emily Winslow, Meg M Bruening
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the possibility of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Family-based behavioral interventions are an underutilized, evidence-based approach that have been found to significantly prevent excess weight gain and obesity in children and adolescents. Poor program availability, low participation rates, and non-adherence are noted barriers to positive outcomes...
January 15, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334626/parenting-predicts-strange-situation-cortisol-reactivity-among-children-adopted-internationally
#9
Carrie E DePasquale, K Lee Raby, Julie Hoye, Mary Dozier
The functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis can be altered by adverse early experiences. Recent studies indicate that children who were adopted internationally after experiencing early institutional rearing and unstable caregiving exhibit blunted HPA reactivity to stressful situations. The present study examined whether caregiving experiences post-adoption further modulate children's HPA responses to stress. Parental sensitivity during naturalistic parent-child play interactions was assessed for 66 children (M age = 17...
January 4, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325593/evaluating-the-long-term-impact-of-the-fostering-changes-training-programme-for-foster-carers-in-wales-the-confidence-in-care-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Gwenllian Moody, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Rebecca Cannings-John, Sue Channon, Elinor Coulman, Mandy Lau, Alyson Rees, Jonathan Scourfield, Jeremy Segrott, Michael Robling
BACKGROUND: The Fostering Changes programme was developed by the Adoption and Fostering National Team at the Maudsley Hospital, South London, in conjunction with King's College London. It is a 12-week group-based training programme for foster and kin carers, which aims to build positive relationships between carers and children, encourage positive child behaviour and set appropriate limits, through a practical skills-based approach. The programme also aims to improve foster carers' understanding of the causes of children's social and emotional difficulties and their confidence in applying this knowledge in various situations...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322577/i-just-can-t-please-them-all-and-stay-sane-adult-child-caregivers-experiences-of-family-dynamics-in-care-giving-for-a-parent-with-dementia-in-australia
#11
Gemma Tatangelo, Marita McCabe, Ashley Macleod, Anastasia Konis
Family caregivers of people with dementia who live within the community often experience stress and poor quality of life due to their care-giving role. While there are many factors that affect this, one influential factor is the family context. This study focussed on adult child caregivers. It examined the specific ways that family dynamics contribute to adult child caregivers' distress in the context of caring for a parent with dementia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 participants who were adult child primary caregivers for a parent with dementia who was living within the community...
January 11, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#12
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316477/challenges-of-diagnosing-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-in-foster-and-adopted-children
#13
Ludmila N Bakhireva, Laura Garrison, Shikhar Shrestha, Janet Sharkis, Rajesh Miranda, Karen Rogers
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) might be 10-15 times more prevalent among foster/adopted children compared to the general population; however, many of these children remain undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. The lack of confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) may be a key barrier to diagnosis. Our sample included 681 patients evaluated for FASD, according to the University of Washington 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, at a pediatric specialty clinic. Guardianship status and other patient characteristics were evaluated by multinomial logistic regression as potential predictors of being classified into one of the following FASD groups: 1) full or partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS/pFAS; n = 97); 2) Static Encephalopathy/Alcohol-Exposed (SE/AE) or Neurobehavioral Disorder/Alcohol-Exposed (ND/AE) (n = 135); and 3) some features of FASD (equivalent to pFAS, SE/AE or ND/AE phenotypes) but unknown PAE (n = 449)...
August 24, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313191/paths-to-parenthood-among-self-identified-bisexual-individuals-in-the-united-states
#14
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Elizabeth Bartelt, Megan Simmons, J Dennis Fortenberry
Bisexual parents have been notably absent from prior research on parenting, despite comprising the largest proportion of parents among "lesbian, gay, and bisexual" (LGB) individuals. Indeed, recent national probability data indicate that young bisexual women are more likely than their heterosexual counterparts to report having at least one child. Intentions to have children, patterns of family planning and contraception use, and related issues have important implications for health and healthcare-related decisions and priorities among bisexual parents...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311358/pediatric-sports-and-recreation-related-eye-injuries-treated-in-us-emergency-departments
#15
Krystin N Miller, Christy L Collins, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of sports- and recreation-related eye injuries among children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System were analyzed in a retrospective study of children ≤17 years of age treated in US emergency departments for sports- and recreation-related eye injuries from 1990 to 2012. RESULTS: From 1990 through 2012, an estimated 441 800 (95% confidence interval: 378 868-504 733) children were treated in US emergency departments for sports- and recreation-related eye injuries, averaging 26...
January 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304827/inequality-of-obstetric-and-gynaecological-workforce-distribution-in-china
#16
Zhenghong Ren, Peige Song, Xinlei Chang, Jiawen Wang, Lin An
BACKGROUND: Women's health is defined as a continuum throughout their whole lives. In China, women receive life-round preventative and curative health care from the health system, although the universal access to reproductive health has already been basically achieved in China, the situation of women's access to curative health care is still unknown. METHODS: Data from the national maternal and child health human resource investigation were analysed. Lorenz curves, Gini coefficients, and Theil L indexes were drawn and calculated to reflect the inequality...
January 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304145/temperature-extremes-and-infant-mortality-in-bangladesh-hotter-months-lower-mortality
#17
Olufemi Babalola, Abdur Razzaque, David Bishai
BACKGROUND: Our study aims to obtain estimates of the size effects of temperature extremes on infant mortality in Bangladesh using monthly time series data. METHODS: Data on temperature, child and infant mortality were obtained for Matlab district of rural Bangladesh for January 1982 to December 2008 encompassing 49,426 infant deaths. To investigate the relationship between mortality and temperature, we adopted a regression with Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) errors model of seasonally adjusted temperature and mortality data...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302748/like-mother-like-daughter-like-father-like-son-intergenerational-transmission-of-internalizing-symptoms-at-early-school-age-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Anna Andreas, Lars O White, Susan Sierau, Sonja Perren, Kai von Klitzing, Annette M Klein
Despite the well-established link between parental depressive symptoms and children's internalizing symptoms, studies that divide transmission into gender-specific components remain scarce. Therefore, the present study focused on gender-specific associations between internalizing symptoms of parents and children over the course of early school age, a key stage where gender-specific roles are increasingly adopted. Participants were 272 children (49.6% girls) oversampled for internalizing symptoms. Parents completed questionnaires twice during early school age (mean age time 1 = 7...
January 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302174/neglected-population-neglected-right-children-living-with-hiv-and-the-right-to-science
#19
Michael L Scanlon, Gillian MacNaughton, Courtenay Sprague
The laws, language, and tools of human rights have been instrumental in expanding access to lifesaving treatment for people living with HIV. Children, however, remain a neglected population, as evidenced by inadequate child-specific and child-friendly HIV treatment options. In this article, we explore the right to science, a potentially powerful but underdeveloped right in international law, and its application to research and development for pediatric HIV treatment. Drawing on reports of human rights bodies and scholars and applying the human rights typology of state obligations to respect, protect, and fulfill, we argue that states have five core obligations related to research and development for child-specific and child-friendly treatment: (1) adopting a public goods approach to science and science policy; (2) including and protecting children in research activities; (3) adopting legal and policy frameworks to support research and development through public funding and private sector incentives; (4) promoting international cooperation and assistance; and (5) ensuring the participation of marginalized communities in decision-making processes...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300737/an-evaluation-of-hemoglobin-measurement-tools-and-their-accuracy-and-reliability-when-screening-for-child-anemia-in-rwanda-a-randomized-study
#20
Megan Parker, Zhen Han, Elizabeth Abu-Haydar, Eric Matsiko, Damien Iyakaremye, Lisine Tuyisenge, Amalia Magaret, Alexandre Lyambabaje
Blood hemoglobin (Hb) is a common indicator for diagnosing anemia and is often determined through laboratory analysis of venous samples. One alternative to laboratory-based methods is the handheld HemoCue® Hb 201+ device, which requires a finger prick and wicking of blood into a pretreated cuvette for analysis. An alternative HemoCue® gravity method is being investigated for improved accuracy. Further, recent developments in noninvasive technologies could provide an accurate, rapid, safe, point-of-care option for hemoglobin estimation while addressing some limitations of current tools, but device performance must be assessed in low-resource settings...
2018: PloS One
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