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Nutrition neonates

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050752/maternal-substance-use-disorders-and-infant-outcomes-in-the-first-year-of-life-among-massachusetts-singletons-2003-2010
#1
Sunah S Hwang, Hafsatou Diop, Chia-Ling Liu, Qi Yu, Hermik Babakhanlou-Chase, Xiaohui Cui, Milton Kotelchuck
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of maternal substance use disorders (SUDs) during pregnancy with adverse neonatal outcomes and infant hospital re-admissions, observational stays, and emergency department utilization in the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 2 linked statewide datasets from 2002 to 2010: the Massachusetts Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal data system and the Massachusetts Bureau of Substance Abuse Services Management Information System...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049303/a-mediterranean-diet-with-additional-extra-virgin-olive-oil-and-pistachios-reduces-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-st-carlos-gdm-prevention-study
#2
Carla Assaf-Balut, Nuria García de la Torre, Alejandra Durán, Manuel Fuentes, Elena Bordiú, Laura Del Valle, Cristina Familiar, Ana Ortolá, Inés Jiménez, Miguel A Herraiz, Nuria Izquierdo, Noelia Perez, María J Torrejon, María I Ortega, Francisco J Illana, Isabelle Runkle, Maria P de Miguel, Carmen Montañez, Ana Barabash, Martín Cuesta, Miguel A Rubio, Alfonso L Calle-Pascual
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the incidence of GDM with two different dietary models. All consecutive normoglycemic (<92 mg/dL) pregnant women at 8-12 gestational weeks (GW) were assigned to Intervention Group (IG, n = 500): MedDiet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and pistachios; or Control Group (CG, n = 500): standard diet with limited fat intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048412/parental-assessment-of-comfort-in-newborns-affected-by-life-limiting-conditions-treated-by-a-standardized-neonatal-comfort-care-program
#3
E Parravicini, M Daho', G Foe, R Steinwurtzel, M Byrne
OBJECTIVE: To assess the perception of parents concerning the state of comfort maintained in their infants born with life-limiting conditions and treated by a standardized neonatal comfort care program. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were parents (n=35 families) who elected comfort care for their newborns diagnosed with life-limiting conditions. Standardized comfort measures including family/infant bonding, warmth, nutrition/hydration and pain/discomfort management were provided to all infants...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046872/swallow-breath-interaction-and-phase-of-respiration-with-swallow-during-non-nutritive-suck-in-infants-affected-by-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#4
Eric W Reynolds, Debbie Grider, Cynthia S Bell
BACKGROUND: The development of suck-swallow-breath rhythms during non-nutritive suck (NNS) may be an indicator of neurologic integrity. We have described swallow-breath (SwBr) interaction and phase of respiration (POR) with swallow during NNS in low-risk preterm (LRP) infants. NNS in infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) has not been described with our method. METHOD: Suckle, swallow, thoracic motion, and nasal airflow were measured during NNS in 10 infants with NAS and 12 unaffected infants (control)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045957/-clinical-characteristics-of-neonatal-fungal-sepsis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
X Zhang, X F Ru, Y Wang, X Li, T Sang, Q Feng
OBJECTIVE: To study the characteristics of neonatal fungal sepsis and the difference between bacterial sepsis and fungal sepsis. To improve the understanding of neonatal fungal sepsis. METHODS: Clinical data of neonatal fungal sepsis in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were collected from 2011 to 2016 in Peking University first Hospital. The clinical characteristics were analyzed retrospectively. The difference between neonatal fungal sepsis and bacterial sepsis was also analyzed...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045350/donor-human-milk-and-fortifier-use-in-united-states-level-2-3-and-4-neonatal-care-hospitals
#6
Maryanne Tigchelaar Perrin
OBJECTIVE: In 2011 the United States Surgeon General issued a call to action to "identify and address obstacles to greater availability of safe banked donor milk for fragile infants." The purpose of this study is to analyze patterns in donor human milk (DHM) and fortifier use in level 2, 3, and 4 neonatal facilities in 2015 and to identify factors associated with non-use. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care survey, conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, was analyzed for questions about feeding practices within neonatal hospitals...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030727/-parenteral-nutrition-in-premature-babies-with-a-birth-weight-1500g-a%C3%A2-systematic-single-center-analysis-and-comparison-with-current-guidelines
#7
Melanie Sirch, Martin Poryo, Mona Butte, Ulrike Lindner, Ludwig Gortner, Michael Zemlin, Holger Nunold, Sascha Meyer
BACKGROUND: Parenteral and enteral nutrition are essential for both growth and development of preterm infants. Based on the results of many studies, the rate of nutritional growth and the amount of substrate delivered parenterally are under debate. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to assess parenteral nutrition in very and extremely immature preterm infants, i.e. very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight <1000g) neonates, and to compare the amount of parenterally delivered substrate in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to current German guidelines...
October 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025635/how-ethiopia-achieved-millennium-development-goal-4-through-multisectoral-interventions-a-countdown-to-2015-case-study
#8
Jenny Ruducha, Carlyn Mann, Neha S Singh, Tsegaye D Gemebo, Negussie S Tessema, Angela Baschieri, Ingrid Friberg, Taddese A Zerfu, Mohammed Yassin, Giovanny A Franca, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: 3 years before the 2015 deadline, Ethiopia achieved Millennium Development Goal 4. The under-5 mortality decreased 69%, from 205 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 1990 to 64 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 2013. To understand the underlying factors that contributed to the success in achieving MDG4, Ethiopia was selected as a Countdown to 2015 case study. METHODS: We used a set of complementary methods to analyse progress in child health in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2014...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025632/modifiers-of-the-effect-of-maternal-multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-on-stillbirth-birth-outcomes-and-infant-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data-from-17-randomised-trials-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#9
Emily R Smith, Anuraj H Shankar, Lee S-F Wu, Said Aboud, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Hasmot Ali, Rina Agustina, Shams Arifeen, Per Ashorn, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Parul Christian, Delanjathan Devakumar, Kathryn G Dewey, Henrik Friis, Exnevia Gomo, Piyush Gupta, Pernille Kæstel, Patrick Kolsteren, Hermann Lanou, Kenneth Maleta, Aissa Mamadoultaibou, Gernard Msamanga, David Osrin, Lars-Åke Persson, Usha Ramakrishnan, Juan A Rivera, Arjumand Rizvi, H P S Sachdev, Willy Urassa, Keith P West, Noel Zagre, Lingxia Zeng, Zhonghai Zhu, Wafaie W Fawzi, Christopher R Sudfeld
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are common among women in low-income and middle-income countries. Data from randomised trials suggest that maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation decreases the risk of low birthweight and potentially improves other infant health outcomes. However, heterogeneity across studies suggests influence from effect modifiers. We aimed to identify individual-level modifiers of the effect of multiple micronutrient supplements on stillbirth, birth outcomes, and infant mortality in low-income and middle-income countries...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021370/integrating-nutrition-interventions-into-an-existing-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-program-increased-maternal-dietary-diversity-micronutrient-intake-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-bangladesh-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation
#10
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Sunny S Kim, Tina Sanghvi, Zeba Mahmud, Lan Mai Tran, Sadia Shabnam, Bachera Aktar, Raisul Haque, Kaosar Afsana, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Maternal undernutrition is a major concern globally, contributing to poor birth outcomes. Limited evidence exists on delivering multiple interventions for maternal nutrition simultaneously. Alive & Thrive addressed this gap by integrating nutrition-focused interpersonal counseling, community mobilization, distribution of free micronutrient supplements, and weight-gain monitoring through an existing Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health (MNCH) program in Bangladesh.Objectives: We evaluated the effect of providing nutrition-focused MNCH compared with standard MNCH (antenatal care with standard nutrition counseling) on coverage of nutrition interventions, maternal dietary diversity, micronutrient supplement intake, and early breastfeeding practices...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987269/enrollment-of-neonates-in-more-than-one-clinical-trial
#11
REVIEW
Jonathan M Davis, Gerri R Baer, Ronald Portman, Robert Nelson, Linda Storari, Jacob V Aranda, Ralph Bax, Anne Zajicek, Agnes Klein, Mark Turner, Simin Baygani, Merran Thomson, Karel Allegaert
Because the highest rates of morbidity and mortality in neonates are seen in those born at <32 weeks' gestation, this group has the most urgent need for novel therapies to improve survival and outcome. Legislative efforts in the United States and Europe have attempted to address this issue by requiring the study of drugs, biological and nutritional products, devices, and other therapies in this population through a combination of high-quality regulatory and clinical trials, quality improvement initiatives, and observational studies...
October 4, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986615/perforations-associated-with-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-a-neonatal-population
#12
Andrew J Sertic, Bairbre L Connolly, Michael J Temple, Dimitri A Parra, Joao G Amaral, Kyong-Soon Lee
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are increasingly used in neonates but perforations can result in devastating complications such as pericardial and pleural effusions. Identifying risk factors may guide surveillance and reduce morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for PICC perforation in neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case:control (1:2) study of neonates admitted between 2004-2014...
October 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969546/igf-1-as-a-drug-for-preterm-infants-a-step-wise-clinical-development
#13
Ann Hellstrom, David Ley, Boubou Hallberg, Chatarina Lofqvist, Ingrid Hansen-Pupp, Luca A Ramenghi, Jan Borg, Lois E H Smith, Anna-Lena Hard
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is a mitogenic hormone involved in many processes such as growth, metabolism, angiogenesis and differentiation. After very preterm birth, energy demands increase while maternal supplies of nutrients and other factors are lost and the infant may become dependent on parenteral nutrition for weeks. Low postnatal IGF-1 concentrations in preterm infants are associated with poor weight gain, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and other morbidities...
October 2, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964639/early-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-improves-nutrition-delivery-in-neonates-during-extracorporeal-life-support
#14
Heidi J Murphy, John B Cahill, Katherine E Twombley, James R Kiger
OBJECTIVE: Optimizing nutrition in neonatal patients as soon as possible after extracorporeal life support (ECLS) initiation is imperative as malnutrition can worsen both short- and long-term outcomes. Fluid restriction, used to manage the fluid overload that commonly complicates neonatal ECLS, severely impairs nutrition delivery. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) can be used to help manage fluid overload. We hypothesize that early CRRT utilization ameliorates the need for fluid restriction and allows providers to prescribe higher parenteral nutrition (PN) volumes leading to better nutrition delivery...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960717/retrospective-evaluation-of-155-adult-equids-and-21-foals-with-tetanus-in-western-northern-and-central-europe-2000-2014-part-1-description-of-history-and-clinical-evolution
#15
Gaby van Galen, Claude Saegerman, Joke Rijckaert, Helene Amory, Lara Armengou, Barbora Bezdekova, Inge Durie, Rikke Findshøj Delany, Nathalie Fouché, Laura Haley, Michael Hewetson, Rene van den Hoven, Anna Kendall, Fernando Malalana, Jessika Muller Cavalleri, Tresemiek Picavet, Katja Roscher, Denis Verwilghen, Meret Wehrli Eser, Cornélie Westermann, Tim Mair
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical data of hospitalized adult equids and foals with tetanus. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study (2000-2014). SETTING: Twenty Western, Northern, and Central European university teaching hospitals and private referral centers. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-five adult equids (>6 months) and 21 foals (<6 months) with tetanus. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Information on geographic, annual and seasonal data, demographic- and management-related data, clinical history, clinical examination and blood analysis on admission, complications, treatments, and outcomes were described and statistically compared between adults and foals...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959436/expanding-the-population-coverage-of-evidence-based-interventions-with-community-health-workers-to-save-the-lives-of-mothers-and-children-an-analysis-of-potential-global-impact-using-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#16
Victoria B Chou, Ingrid K Friberg, Mervyn Christian, Neff Walker, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: Evidence has been accumulating that community health workers (CHWs) providing evidence-based interventions as part of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) can lead to reductions in maternal, neonatal and child mortality. However, investments to strengthen and scale-up CHW programs still remain modest. METHODS: We used the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) to estimate the number of maternal, neonatal and child deaths and stillbirths that could be prevented if 73 countries effectively scaled up the population coverage of 30 evidence-based interventions that CHWs can deliver in these high-burden countries...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957424/nutrition-after-preterm-birth-and-adult-neurocognitive-outcomes
#17
Sara Sammallahti, Eero Kajantie, Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Riikka Pyhälä, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Marius Lahti, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Johan G Eriksson, Petteri Hovi, Anna-Liisa Järvenpää, Sture Andersson, Katri Raikkonen
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (<37 gestational weeks) poses a risk of poorer neurocognitive functioning. Faster growth after preterm birth predicts better cognitive abilities and can be promoted through adequate nutrition, but it remains unknown whether variations in nutrient intakes translate into long-term benefits for neurodevelopment. METHODS: In 86 participants of the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults (birthweight <1500g), we examined if higher intakes of energy, macronutrients, and human milk during the first nine weeks after preterm birth predict performance in tests of cognitive ability at 25...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952606/relation-between-body-composition-at-birth-and-child-development-at-2-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study-among-ethiopian-children
#18
M Abera, M Tesfaye, T Girma, C Hanlon, G S Andersen, J C Wells, B Admassu, R Wibaek, H Friis, P Kæstel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Birth weight (BW), independent of socioeconomic status, has been identified as a predictor for childhood cognitive development. However, it is not known whether this relation is related to low BW per se or particularly related to a deficit in fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass (FFM) at birth. This study therefore aimed at investigating the relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An Ethiopian birth cohort was followed up at 2 years...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952343/decisions-regarding-newborn-feeding-by-latina-mothers
#19
Amy Jones, Lara Reller, James Knowles, Feng-Chang Lin, Jacob Lohr
This study examined the factors that influence Latina mothers' decisions to initiate breastfeeding, formula feeding, or both, and when a given neonatal feeding method is decided, in order to assess the optimum time for healthcare providers to discuss nutrition decisions. A Spanish-speaking health care provider orally administered a 24-question survey to self-identified Latina mothers in the Newborn Nursery at North Carolina Children's Hospital after delivery. A total of 152 Latina mothers, aged 17 to 43 years, were interviewed from September 2014 to September 2015...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948952/efficacy-of-metformin-in-improving-glycaemic-control-perinatal-outcome-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-non-randomized-study
#20
Neeta Singh, Malti Madhu, Perumal Vanamail, Nisha Malik, Sunesh Kumar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can cause adverse perinatal outcome if not treated. Although insulin therapy has been the main treatment modality over decades but considering its cost and parenteral mode of administration, it does not seem to be appropriate, especially in low-resource settings. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of metformin in GDM and know its efficacy as well as adverse effect on foetus and mother. METHODS: All pregnant women with GDM who were not controlled on medical nutrition therapy and required metformin therapy were included in the study...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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