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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911086/affective-and-autonomic-responses-to-erotic-images-evidence-of-disgust-based-mechanisms-in-female-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#1
Natasha S DePesa, Jeffrey E Cassisi
Disgust has recently been implicated in the development and maintenance of female sexual dysfunction, yet most empirical studies have been conducted with a sexually healthy sample. The current study contributes to the literature by expanding the application of a disgust model of sexual functioning to a clinically relevant sample of women with low sexual desire/arousal and accompanying sexual distress. Young women (mean age = 19.12 years) with psychometrically defined sexual dysfunction (i.e., female sexual interest/arousal disorder [FSIAD] group) and a healthy control group were compared in their affective (i...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909403/cortical-sensorimotor-processing-of-painful-pressure-in-patients-with-chronic-lower-back-pain-an-optical-neuroimaging-study-using-fnirs
#2
Andrea Vrana, Michael L Meier, Sabina Hotz-Boendermaker, Barry K Humphreys, Felix Scholkmann
In this study we investigated sensorimotor processing of painful pressure stimulation on the lower back of patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP) by using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to measure changes in cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation. The main objectives were whether patients with CLBP show different relative changes in oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin ([O2Hb] and [HHb]) in the supplementary motor area (SMA) and primary somatosensory cortex (S1) compared to healthy controls (HC). Twelve patients with CLBP (32 ± 6...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909371/inter-rectus-distance-measurement-using-ultrasound-imaging-does-the-rater-matter
#3
Nadia Keshwani, Nicole Hills, Linda McLean
Purpose: To investigate the interrater reliability of inter-rectus distance (IRD) measured from ultrasound images acquired at rest and during a head-lift task in parous women and to establish the standard error of measurement (SEM) and minimal detectable change (MDC) between two raters. Methods: Two physiotherapists independently acquired ultrasound images of the anterior abdominal wall from 17 parous women and measured IRD at four locations along the linea alba: at the superior border of the umbilicus, at 3 cm and 5 cm above the superior border of the umbilicus, and at 3 cm below the inferior border of the umbilicus...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909144/bone-area-provides-a-responsive-outcome-measure-for-bone-changes-in-short-term-knee-osteoarthritis-studies
#4
Michael A Bowes, Rose A Maciewicz, John C Waterton, David J Hunter, Philip G Conaghan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the 3-D bone area from an osteoarthritis (OA) cohort demonstrating no change in cartilage thickness. METHODS: Twenty-seven women with painful medial knee OA had magnetic resonance images at 0, 3, and 6 months. Images were analyzed using active appearance models. RESULTS: At 3 and 6 months, the mean change in medial femoral bone area was 0.34% (95% CI 0.04-0.64) and 0.61% (95% CI 0.32-0.90), respectively. Forty-one percent of the subjects had progression greater than the smallest detectable difference at 6 months...
December 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908767/should-we-routinely-analyze-reduction-mammaplasty-specimens
#5
Päivi A Merkkola-von Schantz, Tiina A Jahkola, Leena A Krogerus, Katja S Hukkinen, Susanna Mc Kauhanen
BACKGROUND: Reduction mammaplasty is one of the most common plastic surgery procedures. Preoperative imaging and histopathology protocols vary among countries and institutions. We aimed to analyze the incidence of occult breast cancer and high-risk lesions in reduction mammaplasty specimens. We also analyzed whether patients with abnormal histopathology differed from the study population in terms of demographics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 918 women who underwent reduction mammaplasty from January 2007 to December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed for demographics, preoperative imaging, further preoperative examinations, pathology reports, and postoperative follow-up...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908285/prevalence-and-location-of-the-secondary-mesiobuccal-canal-in-1-100-maxillary-molars-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#6
Pablo Betancourt, Pablo Navarro, Gonzalo Muñoz, Ramón Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Several articles have used cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to study the morphology of the maxillary molars and to ascertain its ability to visualize the second mesiobuccal canal (MB2); however, its geometric location has not been examined in depth. The aim of this study was to describe in vivo the prevalence and location of the MB2 in the mesiobuccal root of the first maxillary molar (1MM) and the second maxillary molar (2MM) through CBCT imaging. METHODS: Five hundred fifty CBCT images of the 1MM and 550 of the 2MM were analyzed...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907812/the-impact-of-appearance-comparisons-made-through-social-media-traditional-media-and-in-person-in-women-s-everyday-lives
#7
Jasmine Fardouly, Rebecca T Pinkus, Lenny R Vartanian
Appearance comparisons are an important sociocultural factor influencing women's body image. These comparisons can occur in different contexts (e.g., through magazines, social media, in person). However, little is known about the frequency and outcome of appearance comparisons made in different contexts in women's everyday lives. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment methods, female undergraduate students (n=146) completed a brief online survey at random times every day for 5 days. They reported the frequency, direction (upward, lateral, downward), and context of appearance comparisons, and also reported their appearance satisfaction, mood, and diet and exercise thoughts and behaviors...
November 28, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907049/dual-energy-ct-pulmonary-angiography-with-6g-iodine-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#8
Andreas Meier, Kai Higashigaito, Katharina Martini, Moritz Wurnig, Burkhardt Seifert, Dagmar Keller, Thomas Frauenfelder, Hatem Alkadhi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of low contrast media (CM) dose dual-energy computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) with advanced monoenergetic reconstructions in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study had institutional review board approval; all patients gave written informed consent. Forty-one patients (25 men, 16 women, mean age 62.9±14.7 years) undergoing low CM dose (15ml, 6g iodine) dual-energy CTPA with advanced monoenergetic reconstructions were matched via propensity-scoring based on logistic regression analysis with a comparison group of 41 patients (24 men, 17 women, mean age 62...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906711/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-adolescent-girls
#9
Natalie Hecht Baldauff, Selma Feldman Witchel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common heterogeneous disorder that appears to have its origins during the peripubertal years. The diagnostic conundrum is that the typical clinical features, irregular menses and acne, occur during normal female puberty. Understanding the physiologic origins and molecular basis of the dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in PCOS is fundamental to interrupting the distinctive vicious cycle of hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905865/transient-bone-marrow-edema-syndrome-versus-osteonecrosis-perfusion-patterns-at-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mr-imaging-with-high-temporal-resolution-can-allow-differentiation
#10
Tobias Geith, Thomas Niethammer, Stefan Milz, Olaf Dietrich, Maximilian Reiser, Andrea Baur-Melnyk
Purpose To prospectively evaluate the perfusion patterns at quantitative dynamic contrast material-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of transient bone marrow edema syndrome (TBMES) and avascular osteonecrosis. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval and written informed consent were obtained. Thirty-two patients (21 men, 11 women; mean age, 48 years; 26 hips, 10 knees) underwent conventional MR imaging and a dynamic contrast-enhanced three-dimensional spoiled gradient-echo sequence at 3 T...
December 1, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905081/parasympathetic-cardio-regulation-during-social-interactions-in-individuals-with-obesity-the-influence-of-negative-body-image
#11
Anne Schrimpf, Jana Kube, Jane Neumann, Annette Horstmann, Arno Villringer, Michael Gaebler
Individuals with obesity in Western societies often face weight-related stigmatization and social exclusion. Recurrent exposure to prejudice and negative social feedback alters one's behavior in future social interactions. In this study, we aimed to investigate autonomic nervous system and affective responses to social interactions in individuals with obesity. Women and men with (n = 56) and without (n = 56) obesity participated in episodes of social inclusion and social exclusion using a virtual ball-tossing game...
November 30, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904235/management-of-acute-work-related-shoulder-injuries-by-an-early-shoulder-assessment-program-efficiency-of-imaging-investigations
#12
Helen Razmjou, Sandra Lincoln, Christopher Geddes, Dragana Boljanovic, Iona Macritchie, Caterina Virdo-Cristello, Danielle Medeiros, Robin R Richards
Purpose: There has been a significant increase in the number of costly investigations of the shoulder joint over the past decade. The purposes of this study were to (1) describe the diagnostic imaging investigations ordered for injured workers seen at an Early Shoulder Physician Assessment (ESPA) program, (2) evaluate the impact of these investigations on final diagnosis and management, and (3) examine how efficient the program was by determining the appropriateness of referrals and whether costly imaging was justified...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904122/triptan-induced-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-two-case-reports-with-a-literature-review
#13
Yuji Kato, Takeshi Hayashi, Satoko Mizuno, Yohsuke Horiuchi, Masayuki Ohira, Norio Tanahashi, Masaki Takao
We encountered two patients with sumatriptan-induced reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS). The present patients were taking sumatriptan for the first time because they had been tentatively diagnosed with a migraine. On reviewing the literature, we found nine other cases of triptan-induced RCVS, predominantly among women aged 30 to 40 years. RCVS has been precipitated by triptan at the first ever use, after daily use, and even with long-term use at a normal dose. Patients with acute onset of severe headache should be thoroughly evaluated, and triptan should be administered appropriately...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903541/lifelong-physical-activity-regardless-of-dose-is-not-associated-with-myocardial-fibrosis
#14
Shuaib M Abdullah, Kyler W Barkley, Paul S Bhella, Jeffrey L Hastings, Susan Matulevicius, Naoki Fujimoto, Shigeki Shibata, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, M Dean Palmer, Nainesh Gandhi, Laura F DeFina, Benjamin D Levine
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested that long-term, intensive physical training may be associated with adverse cardiovascular effects, including the development of myocardial fibrosis. However, the dose-response association of different levels of lifelong physical activity on myocardial fibrosis has not been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seniors free of major chronic illnesses were recruited from predefined populations based on the consistent documentation of stable physical activity over >25 years and were classified into 4 groups by the number of sessions/week of aerobic activities ≥30 minutes: sedentary (group 1), <2 sessions; casual (group 2), 2 to 3 sessions; committed (group 3), 4 to 5 sessions; and Masters athletes (group 4), 6 to 7 sessions plus regular competitions...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903466/preoperative-3-dimensional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-uterine-myoma-and-endometrium-prior-to-myomectomy
#15
Young Jae Kim, Kwang Gi Kim, Seung Hyun Lee, Byung Chul Kang, Sa Ra Lee
Uterine myomas are the most common gynecologic benign tumor affecting women of childbearing age, and myomectomy is the main surgical option to preserve the uterus and fertility. During myomectomy for women with multiple myomas, it is advisable to identify and remove as many as possible to decrease the risk of future myomectomies. With deficient preoperative imaging, gynecologists are challenged to identify the location and size of myomas and the endometrium, which in turn can lead to uterine rupture during future pregnancies...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903063/smartphone-assisted-spatial-data-collection-improves-geographic-information-quality-pilot-study-using-a-birth-records-dataset
#16
Xiaohui Xu, Hui Hu, Sandie Ha, Daikwon Han
It is well known that the conventional, automated geocoding method based on self-reported residential addresses has many issues. We developed a smartphone-assisted aerial image-based method, which uses the Google Maps application programming interface as a spatial data collection tool during the birth registration process. In this pilot study, we have tested whether the smartphone-assisted method provides more accurate geographic information than the automated geocoding method in the scenario when both methods can get the address geocodes...
November 23, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902888/gender-conformity-self-objectification-and-body-image-for-sorority-and-nonsorority-women-a-closer-look
#17
David Francis Adams, Erica Behrens, Lianne Gann, Eva Schoen
: Sororities have been identified as placing young women at risk for body image concerns due to a focus on traditional gender role norms and objectification of women. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the relationship between conformity to feminine gender role norms, self-objectification, and body image surveillance among undergraduate women. PARTICIPANTS: In a random sample of undergraduates, the authors examined data from sorority and nonsorority women...
November 30, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900604/assessment-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-by-lung-ultrasound-a-pilot-study-of-correlation-with-high-resolution-chest-tomography
#18
Pablo Guisado Vasco, Gonzalo de Luna Cardenal, Isabel Martín Garrido, José Manuel Luque Pinilla, Guadalupe Fraile Rodríguez, Juan José Nava Mateo, Daniel Carnevalli Ruiz
The background of this study is to assess the accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) to diagnose interstitial lung disease (ILD) in Sjögren's syndrome (Sjs), in patients who have any alterations in pulmonary function tests (PFT) or respiratory symptoms. LUS was correlated with chest tomography (hrCT), considering it as the imaging gold standard technique to diagnose ILD. This is a pilot, multicenter, cross-sectional, and consecutive-case study. The inclusion criteria are ≥18 years old, Signs and symptoms: according to ACEG 2002 criteria, respiratory symptoms (dyspnea, cough), or any alterations in PFR...
November 29, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900532/mir-148a-the-epigenetic-regulator-of-bone-homeostasis-is-increased-in-plasma-of-osteoporotic-postmenopausal-women
#19
Ajda Bedene, Simona Mencej Bedrač, Lea Ješe, Janja Marc, Peter Vrtačnik, Janez Preželj, Tomaž Kocjan, Tilen Kranjc, Barbara Ostanek
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a prevalent skeletal disorder characterized by reduced bone mineral density and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, resulting in bone fragility and low-trauma fractures. Imaging techniques are routinely used to detect low bone mass; however, they are unable to identify deterioration of bone quality. Recently, microRNAs have emerged as regulators of bone remodelling and potentially also as a new class of sensitive biomarkers of bone health to aid in diagnosis and treatment monitoring of osteoporosis...
November 29, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900284/effect-of-pantethine-on-ovarian-tumor-progression-and-choline-metabolism
#20
Marie-France Penet, Balaji Krishnamachary, Flonne Wildes, Yelena Mironchik, Delia Mezzanzanica, Franca Podo, Max de Reggi, Bouchra Gharib, Zaver M Bhujwalla
Epithelial ovarian cancer remains the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancy among women in developed countries. New therapeutic strategies evaluated with relevant preclinical models are urgently needed to improve survival rates. Here, we have assessed the effect of pantethine on tumor growth and metabolism using magnetic resonance imaging and high-resolution proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in a model of ovarian cancer. To evaluate treatment strategies, it is important to use models that closely mimic tumor growth in humans...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
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