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Gerold Söffker, Stefan Kluge
Acute pulmonary embolism is an important differential diagnosis of acute chest pain. The clinical signs are often non-specific. However, diagnosis and therapy must be done quickly in order to reduce morbidity and mortality. The new (2014) European guidelines for acute pulmonary embolism (PE) focus on risk-adapted diagnostic algorithms and prognosis adapted therapy concepts. According to the hemodynamic presentation the division in a high-risk group (unstable patient with persistent hypotension or shock) or in non-high-risk groups (hemodynamically stable) was proposed...
January 2015: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Gianfranco Alunni, Daniele Coen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Menno V Huisman, Anne J Fogteloo, Frederikus A Klok
International guidelines suggest that patients presenting with acute pulmonary embolism should be given routine thrombolysis on top of heparin. There is debate as to whether patients with acute pulmonary embolism who present in a haemodynamically stable condition, yet have signs of right ventricular dysfunction and increased troponin, actually need thrombolytic therapy. The results of the Pulmonary Embolism Thrombolysis study (PEITHO) show that in this particular patient group routine thrombolysis led to less haemodynamic decompensation or collapse, but that this advantage came with significantly higher incidences of haemorrhagic stroke and major extracranial bleeding...
2014: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
S Konstantinides, M Lankeit
Management of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) has advanced considerably in the past year, and progress is expected to continue in 2013. To help determine the optimal management strategy for normotensive patients with intermediate-risk PE, the Pulmonary Embolism Thrombolysis (PEITHO) study completed enrolment of 1006 patients with evidence of right ventricular dysfunction (by echocardiography or computed tomography) plus a positive troponin test. Patients have been randomised to thrombolytic treatment with tenecteplase versus placebo, and the effects on clinical end points (death or haemodynamic collapse) assessed at 7 and 30 days...
2013: Hämostaseologie
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In acute pulmonary embolism (PE), overt right ventricular (RV) failure with cardiogenic shock indicates a poor prognosis. However, normotensive patients with acute RV dysfunction on echocardiography or computed tomography and with myocardial troponin elevation may also have an adverse outcome. Thrombolysis rapidly reverses RV pressure overload in PE, but it remains unclear whether it may improve the early and long-term clinical outcome of selected normotensive patients. DESIGN: The Pulmonary EmbolIsm THrOmbolysis (PEITHO) trial is a prospective, multicenter, international, randomized (1:1), double-blind comparison of thrombolysis with tenecteplase vs placebo in normotensive patients with confirmed PE, an abnormal right ventricle on echocardiography or computed tomography, and a positive troponin I or T test result...
January 2012: American Heart Journal
G Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2008: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
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