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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044905/efficacy-and-safety-of-postoperative-pain-relief-by-parecoxib-injection-after-laparoscopic-surgeries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Jun-Ming Huang, Zheng-Tao Lv, Ya-Nan Zhang, Wen-Xiu Jiang, Han-Ning Li, Ming-Bo Nie
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of parecoxib injection in pain relief after laparoscopic surgeries. METHODS: Comprehensive literature search based on four online databases (Pubmed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, ISI Web of Science) was applied to retrieve all related randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two independent reviewers screened each article for eligibility according to the predetermined inclusion criteria. The Cochrane's Tool was applied to evaluate the methodological quality of included studies...
October 17, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043299/ck20-mrna-expression-in-serum-as-a-biomarker-for-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-a-meta-analysis
#2
Baoyan Ji, Xiongfei Cheng, Xiaojun Cai, Chuiyan Kong, Qingyan Yang, Ting Fu, Yahang Wang, Ying Song
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of serumCK20 mRNA as a biomarker for colorectal cancer diagnosis by meta-analysis. Clinical studies related to serum CK20 mRNA expression for colorectal cancer diagnosis were searched in the databases of Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Embase, ISI Web of Knowledge, CNKI and Wanfang. The number of true positive (tp), false positive (fp), false negative (fn) and true negative (tn) of the original included publications were extracted by two reviewers independently...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042882/validation-of-the-korean-depressive-symptom-inventory-suicidality-subscale
#3
Sooyeon Suh, Hyera Ryu, Carol Chu, Melanie Hom, Megan L Rogers, Thomas Joiner
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to validate a Korean version of the self-report Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale (DSI-SS). METHODS: 553 South Korean undergraduate students (aged 18-34 years, 74.8% females) completed questionnaires. Participants completed Korean versions of the self-report Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale (DSI-SS), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS), and a measure of suicide-related symptom history...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042208/antiallodynic-activity-of-leflunomide-is-partially-inhibited-by-naltrexone-and-glibenclamide-and-associated-with-reduced-production-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-cxcl-1
#4
Ana Mercy S Brito, Adriana M Godin, Paulo Sérgio A Augusto, Raquel R Menezes, Ivo S F Melo, Marcela G M B Dutra, Sarah O A M Costa, Franciele A Goulart, Felipe F Rodrigues, Isis MoraisMarcela Ísis Morais, Renes R Machado, Márcio M Coelho
Leflunomide, an immunosuppressive drug approved for the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, exhibits many mechanisms which may affect the nociceptive processing. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the effect induced by leflunomide on the mechanical allodynia in models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain in mice and investigate mechanisms mediating such effects. Per os (p.o.) administration of leflunomide (25, 50 or 100 mg/kg) inhibited the inflammatory edema and mechanical allodynia induced by intraplantar carrageenan...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041976/human-pupillary-light-reflex-during-successive-irradiation-with-1-ms-blue-and-green-pulsed-light
#5
Soomin Lee, Naoko Muto, Yoshihiro Shimomura, Tetsuo Katsuura
BACKGROUND: In the human retina, the contribution of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) to the regulation of the pupillary response remains poorly understood. The objective of the current study was to determine the response dynamics of the pupillary light reflex to short, successive pulses of light. In order to better assess the roles of ipRGCs and cones, we used pulses of blue and green light. METHODS: Each participant was exposed to 1-ms blue (466 nm) and/or green (527 nm) light pulses simultaneously or separately, with inter-stimulus intervals (ISIs) of 0, 250, 500, 750, or 1000 ms...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041881/-age-related-changes-of-heart-rate-variability-at-various-insulin-sensitivity-and-telomere-length
#6
A S Boytsov, N O Tkachyeva, I L Streltsova, N E Dudinskaya, U D Akasheva, V E Plokhova, D I Strazhesko
AIM: To study relationship between age-associated changes of heart rate variability (HRV), telomere length (TL), and lowering of insulin sensitivity (IS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included in this study 229 individuals aged 23‒91 years without clinical manifestations of cardiovascular and other somatic diseases. In all participants, we analyzed HRV parameters obtained at 24-hour ECG monitoring (24-h ECG) and 5 minutes ECG recordings in the supine and standing positions...
July 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041711/high-order-modulation-on-a-single-discrete-eigenvalue-for-optical-communications-based-on-nonlinear-fourier-transform
#7
Tao Gui, Chao Lu, Alan Pak Tao Lau, P K A Wai
In this paper, we experimentally investigate high-order modulation over a single discrete eigenvalue under the nonlinear Fourier transform (NFT) framework and exploit all degrees of freedom for encoding information. For a fixed eigenvalue, we compare different 4 bit/symbol modulation formats on the spectral amplitude and show that a 2-ring 16-APSK constellation achieves optimal performance. We then study joint spectral phase, spectral magnitude and eigenvalue modulation and found that while modulation on the real part of the eigenvalue induces pulse timing drift and leads to neighboring pulse interactions and nonlinear inter-symbol interference (ISI), it is more bandwidth efficient than modulation on the imaginary part of the eigenvalue in practical settings...
August 21, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041144/olt-centralized-sampling-frequency-offset-compensation-scheme-for-ofdm-pon
#8
Ming Chen, Hui Zhou, Zhiwei Zheng, Rui Deng, Qinghui Chen, Miao Peng, Cuiwei Liu, Jing He, Lin Chen, Xionggui Tang
We propose an optical line terminal (OLT)-centralized sampling frequency offset (SFO) compensation scheme for adaptively-modulated OFDM-PON systems. By using the proposed SFO scheme, the phase rotation and inter-symbol interference (ISI) caused by SFOs between OLT and multiple optical network units (ONUs) can be centrally compensated in the OLT, which reduces the complexity of ONUs. Firstly, the optimal fast Fourier transform (FFT) size is identified in the intensity-modulated and direct-detection (IMDD) OFDM system in the presence of SFO...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038386/effect-of-statins-on-patients-and-graft-survival-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-survival-meta-analysis
#9
Zohre Rostami, Mahdi Moteshaker Arani, Mahmood Salesi, Mahdi Safiabadi, Behzad Einollahi
INTRODUCTION: Modifying cardiovascular risk factors is very important for the patients after kidney transplantation. Statins are a potentially beneficial intervention for kidney transplant patients, and the effect of statins on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease varies according to the stages. This systematic review summarizes the potential beneficial effects of statins on kidney allograft outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by literature search using the PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Google Scholar...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035822/intraoperative-direct-cortical-stimulation-motor-evoked-potentials-stimulus-parameter-recommendations-based-on-rheobase-and-chronaxie
#10
Tariq M Abalkhail, David B MacDonald, Ibrahim AlThubaiti, Faisal A AlOtaibi, Bent Stigsby, Amal A Mokeem, Iftetah A AlHamoud, Maher I Hassounah, Salah M Baz, Abdulaziz AlSemari, Hesham M AlDhalaan, Sameena Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine optimal interstimulus interval (ISI) and pulse duration (D) for direct cortical stimulation (DCS) motor evoked potentials (MEPs) based on rheobase and chronaxie derived with two techniques. METHODS: In 20 patients under propofol/remifentanil anesthesia, 5-pulse DCS thenar MEP rheobase and chronaxie with 2, 3, 4 and 5ms ISI were measured by linear regression of five charge thresholds at 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1msD, and estimated from two charge thresholds at 0...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035417/relative-performance-of-three-stream-bed-stability-indices-as-indicators-of-stream-health
#11
Paul C Kusnierz, Christopher M Holbrook
Bed stability is an important stream habitat attribute because it affects geomorphology and biotic communities. Natural resource managers desire indices of bed stability that can be used under a wide range of geomorphic conditions, are biologically meaningful, and are easily incorporated into sampling protocols. To eliminate potential bias due to presence of instream wood and increase precision of stability values, we modified a stream bed instability index (ISI) to include measurements of bankfull depth (d bf) and median particle diameter (D 50) only in riffles and increased the pebble count to decrease variability (i...
October 16, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034740/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-traditional-herbal-medicine-gamiguibi-tang-in-patients-with-cancer-related-sleep-disturbance-a-prospective-randomized-wait-list-controlled-pilot-study
#12
Jee Young Lee, Hye Kyung Oh, Han Sung Ryu, Sung Soo Yoon, Wankyu Eo, Seong Woo Yoon
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is the second most bothersome symptom in patients with cancer, and it can significantly impair their quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of the traditional herbal medicine Gamiguibi-tang (GGBT) in patients with cancer-related sleep disturbance. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, wait-list-controlled, open-label pilot clinical trial on cancer-related sleep disturbance. Patients with cancer experiencing poor sleep quality with a Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index of at least 6 were randomly assigned to the GGBT and wait-list groups to receive GGBT and conventional care, respectively, for 2 weeks...
October 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034538/association-of-insomnia-severity-with-well-being-quality-of-life-and-health-care-costs-a-cross-sectional-study-in-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-pains65
#13
E Dragioti, L Bernfort, B Larsson, B Gerdle, L Å Levin
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is one of the most common complaints in chronic pain. This study aimed to evaluate the association of insomnia with well-being, quality of life and health care costs. METHODS: The sample included 2790 older individuals (median age = 76; interquartile range [IQR] = 70-82) with chronic pain. The participants completed a postal survey assessing basic demographic data, pain intensity and frequency, height, weight, comorbidities, general well-being, quality of life and the insomnia severity index (ISI)...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032475/robot-assisted-and-conventional-freehand-pedicle-screw-placement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Shutao Gao, Zhengtao Lv, Huang Fang
PURPOSE: Several studies have revealed that robot-assisted technique might improve the pedicle screw insertion accuracy, but owing to the limited sample sizes in the individual study reported up to now, whether or not robot-assisted technique is superior to conventional freehand technique is indefinite. Thus, we performed this systematic review and meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trials to assess which approach is better. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, ISI Web of Science, CNKI and WanFang were systematically searched to identify potentially eligible articles...
October 14, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032130/nonmedical-treatments-of-vocal-fold-nodules-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Banafshe Mansuri, Seyed Abolfazl Tohidast, Nasibe Soltaninejad, Mohammad Kamali, Leila Ghelichi, Hadi Azimi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present systematic review was to investigate the nonmedical treatments of vocal fold nodules (VFNs). STUDY DESIGN: The present study is a systematic review. METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched from inception until August 2016: PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Ovid, ISI (Web of Sciences), Cochrane, PsychINFO, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar. Reference lists of included articles were evaluated for additional data...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032127/associations-between-posture-voice-and-dysphonia-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Ricardo Cardoso, José Lumini-Oliveira, Rute F Meneses
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to systematize the associations between posture, voice, and dysphonia in order to support future research directions and possible clinical interventions. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a systematic review. METHODS: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flowchart, a search on PubMed/Medline, SciELO, RCAAP, LILACS, Cochrane Library, PEDro, and Isi Web of Knowledge was performed from their inception through January of 2017 using the key words "posture" and ("voice" or "dysphonia")...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031491/measurement-of-absolute-k-x-ray-emission-intensities-in-the-decay-of-103m-rh
#17
REVIEW
J Riffaud, P Cassette, D Lacour, V Lourenço, I Tartès, M A Kellett, M Corbel, M-C Lépy, C Domergue, C Destouches, H Carcreff, O Vigneau
A new experiment was designed to measure the photon emission intensities in the decay of (103m)Rh. The rhodium samples were activated in the ISIS experimental nuclear reactor at CEA Saclay. The procedure includes an absolute activity measurement by liquid scintillation counting using the Triple-to-Double Coincidence Ratio method, followed by X-ray spectrometry using a high-purity germanium detector to determine the photon emission intensities. The new result (IX = 0.0825 (17)) is derived with a significant reduction of the uncertainty...
October 4, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029258/acupuncture-improves-peri-menopausal-insomnia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Fu Cong, Zhao Na, Liu Zhen, Yuan Lu-Hua, Xie Chen, Yang Wen-Jia, Yu Xin-Tong, Yu Huan, Chen Yun-Fei
Study Objective: To evaluate the short-term efficacy of acupuncture for the treatment of peri-menopausal insomnia (PMI). Methods: Design: A randomized, participant-blind, placebo-controlled trial consisted of the acupuncture group (n=38) and placebo-acupuncture group (n=38). Setting: A tertiary teaching and general hospital. Participants: 76 peri-menopausal women with insomnia disorder based on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, third Edition. Interventions: A 10-session of acupuncture at bilateral Shenshu (BL 23) and Ganshu (BL 18) with unilateral Qimen (LR 14) and Jingmen (GB 25) or Streitberger needles at the same acupoints was performed for over 3 weeks...
September 22, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028361/new-findings-on-biological-actions-and-clinical-applications-of-royal-jelly-a-review
#19
Mozafar Khazaei, Atefe Ansarian, Elham Ghanbari
Royal jelly (RJ) is a natural bee product with great potential for use in medicine. The chemical composition of RJ indicates the presence of various bioactive substances including 10-hydroxydecanoic acid and 24-methylenecholesterol. In addition, a number of biological and pharmacological activities of RJ have been documented. The aim of this study was to review the biological and medical effects of RJ. The search was conducted in articles from electronic and scientific literature databases such as Pub Med, Science Direct, Scopus, Medline, and ISI Web of Science published from 1990 to 2017 using keywords of pharmacological, biological, and clinical effects and royal jelly...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024507/dietary-patterns-and-semen-quality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#20
REVIEW
A Arab, N Rafie, M Mansourian, M Miraghajani, H Hajianfar
A number of studies have examined the association between dietary patterns and semen quality, but the findings have been inconclusive. Herein, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies to assess the association between dietary patterns and semen quality. PubMed, Cochrane library, Science direct, Scopus, Google Scholar, and ISI web of science databases were searched up to August 2016 for observational studies assessing the association between common dietary patterns and sperm quality markers...
October 12, 2017: Andrology
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