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Asma Salari-Moghaddam, Alireza Milajerdi, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: No earlier study has summarized findings from previous publications on processed red meat intake and risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the association between processed red meat intake and COPD risk. METHODS: We searched in PubMed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, EMBASE and Google Scholar up to April 2018 to identify relevant studies. Prospective cohort studies that considered processed red meat as the exposure variable and COPD as the main outcome variable or as one of the outcomes were included in the systematic review...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Saeideh Mazloomzadeh, Zahra Rashidi Khazaghi, Nouraddin Mousavinasab
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a collection of metabolic disorders which leads to early cardiovascular disease and diabetes type II. Regarding the wide range of its prevalence in Iran, this systematic review and meta-analysis determined the overall prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Iran. Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the Medline, ISI, IranMedex, and SID were searched using "metabolic syndrome", "syndrome X", "prevalence", and "Iran" keywords from 2002 to 2012...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Hosien Shahdadi, Mohammad Naim Aminifard, Abbas Balouchi, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Jasem Allahyari
PURPOSE: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness and the second cause of low vision in the world. In the world, Asia has the highest number of blind population. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the frequency of clinical cataracts in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The frequency of clinical cataract was defined based on the international criteria and the measured outcome of the disease. Study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were performed by two independent reviewers...
January 2018: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Masoumeh Ebrahimi, Anoosheh Janani, Sara Majidinia, Ramin Sadeghi, Alireza Sarraf Shirazi
The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the dentin bond strength of etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesives to primary teeth. In this study, PubMed, ISI (all databases), Scopus, and Cochrane Database were searched according to the selected keywords up to May 11, 2016. The full texts of published articles that appeared to meet the primary criteria for inclusion in this study were obtained. Due to the variation in the methods used, the studies were divided into 2 groups: Group 1 - studies that evaluated the micro-tensile bond strengths (MTBSs) of two-step etch-and-rinse adhesives and two-step self-etch adhesives and Group 2 - studies that evaluated the MTBSs of two-step etch-and-rinse adhesives and one-step self-etch adhesives...
May 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Christine M Burt Solorzano, Karen L Knudsen, Amy D Anderson, Eleanor G Hutchens, Jessicah S Collins, James T Patrie, John C Marshall, Christopher R McCartney
Context: Peripubertal obesity is associated with variable hyperandrogenemia, but precise mechanisms remain unclear. Objective: To assess the roles of insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and luteinizing hormone (LH) in peripubertal obesity-associated hyperandrogenemia. Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Setting: Academic clinical research unit. Participants: Eleven obese (body mass index-for-age ≥ 95%) peripubertal girls...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Elsa De La Chesnaye, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, Leticia Damasio, Aleida Olivares, Miguel Angel Palomino, Isis Santos, Juan Pablo Méndez
Numerous clinical studies have reported the association between high circulating levels of lipocalin-2 (LCN2) and metabolic diseases. However, only few studies have addressed sexually dimorphic, either in its circulating concentration or in its expression in other organs. To the best of our knowledge, LCN2 and the 24p3 receptor (24p3R), have not been identified in gonads; therefore, the present study analyzed their mRNA expression profile and cellular localization in gonads collected from fetal rats at 21 days post coitum, as well as from neonatal rats at 0, 2, 4, 6, 12, 20 and 30 postnatal days...
July 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Natasha O Marcondi, Isadora S Rocco, Douglas W Bolzan, Hayanne O Pauletti, Isis Begot, Natalia R Anjos, Rita Simone L Moreira, Mara L Nasrala, Ross Arena, Walter J Gomes, Solange Guizilini
BACKGROUND: The use of noninvasive ventilation in patients with left-ventricular dysfunction may increase cardiac performance by decreasing inspiratory effort and left-ventricular afterload. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the acute effects of noninvasive ventilation on central-venous oxygen saturation ( S cv̄O2 ) and blood lactate in subjects with left-ventricular dysfunction during the early postoperative phase of coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: This study included 100 subjects during the postoperative phase of elective coronary artery bypass grafting...
June 12, 2018: Respiratory Care
Diana Sarokhani, Masoumeh Parvareh, Ali Hasanpour Dehkordi, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Abbas Moghimbeigi
Objective: depression is one of the most serious and prevalent mood disorders. Aging population is an important economic, social, and health challenge of the 21st century. The present study aimed at estimating the prevalence of depression among the Iranian elderly through meta-analysis method. Method : Studies were searched in ISI, Scopus, Pub Med, Google Scholar, and in Iranian databases including Iran Medex, Magiran, SID, and Med Lib using the following keywords: "depression", "prevalence", and "elderly"...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
John Wilson, Paul Docherty, Richard Stubbs, J Geoffrey Chase, Jeremy Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To compare the dynamic insulin secretion and sensitivity test (DISST) with the euglycaemic clamp in individuals undergoing open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery prior-to and one month after surgery. METHODS: Insulin sensitivity in individuals with obesity undergoing RYGB was studied with DISST and a euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp. RESULTS: Eleven participants, including nine females, mean(SD) age 51.2(12.1)yrs, with a preoperative BMI of 48...
June 11, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Min-Hui Li, Hao Hong, Sheng-Feng Lu, Jun-Meng Wang, Bing-Mei Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on insulin signaling pathway in liver tissues of central neuronal specific signal transduction and activator of transcription 5 conditional-knockout ( Stat 5 NKO) mice, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of insulin resistance (IR).. METHODS: Twenty-four male Stat 5 NKO mice were randomly divided into model and EA groups ( n =12 mice/group), and 12 Stat 5 fl/fl mice were used as the normal control group...
May 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Dominic Sagoe, Ståle Pallesen, Ncoza C Dlova, Margaret Lartey, Khaled Ezzedine, Ophelia Dadzie
PURPOSE: To estimate and investigate the global lifetime prevalence and correlates of skin bleaching. METHODS: A meta-analysis and meta-regression analysis was performed based on a systematic and comprehensive literature search conducted in Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science, ProQuest, PsycNET, PubMed, and other relevant websites and reference lists. A total of 68 studies (67,665 participants) providing original data on the lifetime prevalence of skin bleaching were included...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Mahmoud A Nahhas, Felix Asamoah, Stephen Mullen, Bright I Nwaru, Ulugbek Nurmatov
INTRODUCTION: There has been a notable increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school-aged children in many industrialised regions. The worldwide prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased from 4.2% in 1990 to 6.7% in 2010. Although many studies have been published, the epidemiological burden of overweight and obesity in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) is unclear. There is a need to bring together and appraise relevant studies in order to estimate the epidemiological burden (including incidence, prevalence, risk factors, trend over time) of overweight and obesity in this region and thus help to inform national and regional policies...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Open
A D Fortes, S C Capelli
Time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction data have been collected from C6H6 and C6D6, as a function of temperature between 10 and 276 K using the High Resolution Powder Diffractometer at the ISIS Neutron and Muon Source. In order to achieve high accuracy and precision both in the determination of lattice parameters and in the control of the sample temperature, data were acquired using the same instrumental conditions for each isotopologue with an internal NIST silicon standard and in situ-heated sample holders...
June 8, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Christopher A Bail, Friedolin Merhout, Peng Ding
Recent terrorist attacks by first- and second-generation immigrants in the United States and Europe indicate that radicalization may result from the failure of ethnic integration-or the rise of intergroup prejudice in communities where "home-grown" extremists are raised. Yet, these community-level drivers are notoriously difficult to study because public opinion surveys provide biased measures of both prejudice and radicalization. We examine the relationship between anti-Muslim and pro-ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) Internet searches in 3099 U...
June 2018: Science Advances
Nazanin Rezaei, Zahra Tavalaee, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Nasibeh Sharifi, Salman Daliri
Background and aim: Some physical, emotional and social changes arise in mothers during the postpartum periods which can affect the quality of life (QOL) of the mother and family. Given the importance of the quality of life in the postpartum period and its influencing factors such as method of delivery, the present study aimed at investigating the relationship between the quality of life and methods of delivery in the world, using a systematic review and meta-analysis method. Methods: The present study is a systematic review and meta-analysis on the relationship between aspects of quality of life and method of delivery in the world conducted in Persian and English language articles published by the end of 2015...
April 2018: Electronic Physician
Kari Nousiainen, Kartiek Kanduri, Isis Ricaño-Ponce, Cisca Wijmenga, Riitta Lahesmaa, Vinod Kumar, Harri Lähdesmäki
Motivation: Co-localization of trait associated SNPs for specific transcription-factor binding sites or regulatory regions in the genome can yield profound insight into underlying causal mechanisms. Analysis is complicated because the truly causal SNPs are generally unknown and can be either SNPs reported in GWAS studies or other proxy SNPs in their linkage disequilibrium. Hence, a comprehensive pipeline for SNP co-localization analysis that utilizes all relevant information about both the genotyped SNPs and their proxies is needed...
June 7, 2018: Bioinformatics
Isis Nem de Oliveira Souza, Paula S Frost, Julia V França, Jéssica B Nascimento-Viana, Rômulo L S Neris, Leandro Freitas, Daniel J L L Pinheiro, Clara O Nogueira, Gilda Neves, Leila Chimelli, Fernanda G De Felice, Ésper A Cavalheiro, Sergio T Ferreira, Iranaia Assunção-Miranda, Claudia P Figueiredo, Andrea T Da Poian, Julia R Clarke
Although congenital Zika virus (ZIKV) exposure has been associated with microcephaly and other neurodevelopmental disorders, long-term consequences of perinatal infection are largely unknown. We evaluated short- and long-term neuropathological and behavioral consequences of neonatal ZIKV infection in mice. ZIKV showed brain tropism, causing postnatal-onset microcephaly and several behavioral deficits in adulthood. During the acute phase of infection, mice developed frequent seizures, which were reduced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibition...
June 6, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
Bruno Ribeiro Ramalho Oliveira, Tony Meireles Santos, Marcus Kilpatrick, Flávio Oliveira Pires, Andréa Camaz Deslandes
Previous studies investigating the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) showed controversial results. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the literature on the effects of HIIT and MICT on affective and enjoyment responses. The PRISMA Statement and the Cochrane recommendation were used to perform this systematic review and the database search was performed using PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Knowledge, PsycINFO, and SPORTDiscus...
2018: PloS One
Rapat Pittayanon, Myriam Martel, Alan Barkun
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is still unclear whether adding a mucoprotective agent to a Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI) results in better outcomes compared to using a PPI alone in patients with post-gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) ulcers. This study aimed to examine the efficacy of PPI alone versus combination treatment in healing of post-gastric ESD ulcers, as well as on delayed bleeding and amount of blood transfused. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and ISI Web of knowledge databases, up until May 2017, for randomized trials comparing PPI alone versus PPI plus a mucoprotective drug in achieving ulcer healing in patients undergoing gastric ESD was performed...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Haoyang Zhai, Qiang Liu, Athanasios V Vasilakos, Kun Yang
In diffusion-based molecular communication, the most common modulation technique is based on the concentration of information molecules. However, the random delay of molecules due to the channel with memory causes severe inter-symbol interference (ISI) among consecutive signals. In this paper, we propose a detection technique for demodulating signals, the increase detection algorithm (IDA), to improve the reliability of concentration-encoded diffusion-based molecular communication. The proposed IDA detects an increase (i...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
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