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Isabelle Dias, Ísis Salviano, André Mencalha, Simone Nunes de Carvalho, Alessandra Alves Thole, Laís Carvalho, Erika Cortez, Ana Carolina Stumbo
Nutritional changes in the development (intrauterine life and postnatal period) may trigger long-term pathophysiological complications such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. Metabolic programming leads to organs and tissues modifications, including adipose tissue, with increased lipogenesis, production of inflammatory cytokines, and decreased glucose uptake. However, stem cells participation in adipose tissue dysfunctions triggered by overfeeding during lactation has not been elucidated. Therefore, this study was the first to evaluate the effect of metabolic programming on adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ASC) from mice submitted to overfeeding during lactation, using the litter reduction model...
April 17, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
Nazli Namazi, Parvane Saneei, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
Currently, the association of soy intake with total- and cause-specific mortality is inconsistent. The aim of this study was to systematically review cohort studies on the association between the consumption of soy products and mortality from all-causes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer. We conducted a systematic search of the PubMed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge and Embase electronic databases up to October 2016. Prospective cohort studies that examined the association of soy products with the risk of all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality using the relative risk (RR) or Hazard Ratio (HR) with 95% CIs were considered...
April 18, 2018: Food & Function
Julie Mouchet, Francesco Salvo, Emanuel Raschi, Elisabetta Poluzzi, Ippazio Cosimo Antonazzo, Fabrizio De Ponti, Bernard Bégaud
BACKGROUND: Approved in 2006, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines were initially targeted for girls aged 9-14 years. Although the safety of these vaccines has been monitored through post-licensure surveillance programmes, cases of neurological events have been reported worldwide. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to assess the risk of developing demyelination after HPV immunization by meta-analysing risk estimates from pharmacoepidemiologic studies. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was conducted in Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from inception to 10 May 2017, without language restriction...
April 14, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
N Irikura, M Uematsu, G Kitahara, T Osawa, Y Sasaki
This study aimed to clarify the association of interservice interval (ISI) with conception rate (CR) and to evaluate factors affecting ISI in Japanese Black cattle. Data used in this study covered 32,639 artificial insemination (AI) records on 972 farms. The mean ± SEM of ISI and CR was 57.0 ± 0.3 days and 44.6 ± 0.3%, respectively. The relative frequency of ISI differed significantly between parity groups (p < .05). For parity 0, the proportion of ISI at an 18- to 24-day interval was 43.6%, whereas the proportions in the other parity groups ranged from 27...
April 16, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
B L Belote, A Tujimoto-Silva, P H Hümmelgen, A W D Sanches, J C S Wammes, R M Hayashi, E Santin
The maintenance of integrity of the gastrointestinal tract is an important aspect for animal productivity, since it is able to absorb nutrients more efficiently and serves as a barrier against microorganisms. To control agents detrimental to intestinal integrity, growth-promoting antibiotics (AGP) are used, which reduce the number of toxin-producing microorganisms in the intestinal lumen, acting as anti-inflammatory agents. There is a demand for restriction of use of AGP in animal feed, but there are few studies showing what parameters we should observe to search for alternative additives...
April 5, 2018: Poultry Science
Jamie van Langelaar, Roos M van der Vuurst de Vries, Malou Janssen, Annet F Wierenga-Wolf, Isis M Spilt, Theodora A Siepman, Wendy Dankers, Georges M G M Verjans, Helga E de Vries, Erik Lubberts, Rogier Q Hintzen, Marvin M van Luijn
Interleukin-17-expressing CD4+ T helper 17 (Th17) cells are considered as critical regulators of multiple sclerosis disease activity. However, depending on the species and pro-inflammatory milieu, Th17 cells are functionally heterogeneous, consisting of subpopulations that differentially produce interleukin-17, interferon-gamma and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor. In the current study, we studied distinct effector phenotypes of human Th17 cells and their correlation with disease activity in multiple sclerosis patients...
April 5, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Fatemeh Abdi, Zohreh Aghaie, Fatemeh Sadat Rahnemaie, Zainab Alimoradi
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder affecting 5%-8% of pregnant women. Considering the ongoing debate over the predicting value of some commercial first trimester tests, the aim of this study was to compare the existing first trimester screening tests for preeclampsia. METHODS: In this systematic review, relevant articles published during 2000-2017 were extracted from PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science, and ProQuest databases...
April 16, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
Sultan Ayoub Meo, Faryal Suraya, Badar Jamil, Fwziah Al Rouq, Anusha Sultan Meo, Kamran Sattar, Mohammad Javed Ansari, Saleh A Alasiri
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the association of "ABO" and "Rhesus" blood groups with incidence of breast cancer. Methods: In this study, we identified 70 research documents from data based search engines including "PubMed", "ISI-Web of Knowledge", "Embase" and "Google Scholar". The research papers were selected by using the primary key-terms including "ABO blood type", "Rhesus" blood type and "breast cancer"...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Dana K Townsend, Katheryn McGregor, Esther Wu, Kathryn Cialkowski, Mark D Haub, Thomas J Barstow
AIMS: The goal of this study was to determine insulin sensitivity in a fasted state and during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), in normoglycemic (NGT), lean (L) (n = 35) and, for comparison, overweight/obese (OW/O) (n = 9) college-aged subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Insulin sensitivity for 44 NGT, normotensive subjects, age 18-26 yrs., was determined by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) and from Matsuda index (ISI Matsuda). RESULTS: Subjects were normoglycemic fasted (4...
March 31, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Anthony J Angwin, Wayne J Wilson, David A Copland, Robert J Barry, Grace Myatt, Wendy L Arnott
It has been proposed that white noise can improve cognitive performance for some individuals, particularly those with lower attention, and that this effect may be mediated by dopaminergic circuitry. Given existing evidence that semantic priming is modulated by dopamine, this study investigated whether white noise can facilitate semantic priming. Seventy-eight adults completed an auditory semantic priming task with and without white noise, at either a short or long inter-stimulus interval (ISI). Measures of both direct and indirect semantic priming were examined...
April 10, 2018: Brain and Language
Sydne Record, Angela Strecker, Mao-Ning Tuanmu, Lydia Beaudrot, Phoebe Zarnetske, Jonathan Belmaker, Beth Gerstner
BACKGROUND: There is ample evidence that biotic factors, such as biotic interactions and dispersal capacity, can affect species distributions and influence species' responses to climate change. However, little is known about how these factors affect predictions from species distribution models (SDMs) with respect to spatial grain and extent of the models. OBJECTIVES: Understanding how spatial scale influences the effects of biological processes in SDMs is important because SDMs are one of the primary tools used by conservation biologists to assess biodiversity impacts of climate change...
2018: PloS One
Anna Huguet, Alyssa Miller, Steve Kisely, Sanjay Rao, Nelda Saadat, Patrick J McGrath
BACKGROUND: Behavioral activation (BA) is an evidence-based treatment for depression which has attracted interest and started to accumulate evidence for other conditions when delivered face-to-face. Due to its parsimoniousness, it is suitable to be delivered via the Internet. The goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the efficacy of Internet-based BA and assess the quality of this evidence. METHODS: Studies were identified from electronic databases (EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Medline, CINHAL, PsychINFO, Cochrane) and reference lists of included studies...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Masaaki Machino, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Satoshi Tanaka, Kyotaro Ota, Keigo Ito, Fumihiko Kato, Naoki Ishiguro, Shiro Imagama
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective comparative imaging study OBJECTIVE.: This study investigated whether the postoperative classification of and alterations in increased signal intensity (ISI) of the spinal cord reflected the postoperative severity of symptoms and surgical outcomes in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although ISI on performing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is observed in CSM patients, alterations in ISI have not been investigated...
April 11, 2018: Spine
Hanieh Malmir, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Kurosh Djafarian
We aimed to systematically review available data on the association between vitamin C intake and bone mineral density (BMD), as well as risk of fractures and osteoporosis, and to summarise this information through a meta-analysis. Previous studies on vitamin C intake in relation to BMD and risk of fracture and osteoporosis were selected through searching PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science and Google Scholar databases before February 2017, using MeSH and text words. To pool data, either a fixed-effects model or a random-effects model was used, and for assessing heterogeneity, Cochran's Q and I 2 tests were used...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Celestin Danwang, Temgoua Ngou Mazou, Joël Noutakdie Tochie, Ronni Tankeu, Jean Joel Bigna
INTRODUCTION: Venous thrombosis can affect all veins in the body including cerebral veins, where it causes cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). CVT is an aetiology of stroke, particularly in children and young adults. Its clinical features vary widely according to the occluded vessel. Data concerning the epidemiology of CVT are scant. This protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis aims to critically synthesise data concerning prevalence, incidence, risk factors, anatomical patterns, diagnostic and therapeutic delays, and mortality rate of CVT in the global population...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
Ali Kabir, Sara Mousavi, Abdolreza Pazouki
BACKGROUND: In this Meta-analysis, we aimed to quantify the incidence of complications of different methods of bariatric surgery on diabetic patients. INTRODUCTION: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide specifically in obese cases. Additionally, obesity worsens T2DM. Complications of each bariatric surgery method were assessed separately; but, meta-analysis of these complications and comparison between procedures in T2DM patients has not been investigated previously...
April 3, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
Yan H Yu, Valerie L Shafer, Elyse S Sussman
Speech perception behavioral research suggests that rates of sensory memory decay are dependent on stimulus properties at more than one level (e.g., acoustic level, phonemic level). The neurophysiology of sensory memory decay rate has rarely been examined in the context of speech processing. In a lexical tone study, we showed that long-term memory representation of lexical tone slows the decay rate of sensory memory for these tones. Here, we tested the hypothesis that long-term memory representation of vowels slows the rate of auditory sensory memory decay in a similar way to that of lexical tone...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Yujin Zhang, Yi Yang, Juanning Si, Xiaoyu Xia, Jianghong He, Tianzi Jiang
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a promising treatment for disorders of consciousness (DOC), but the underlying mechanism and most effective procedures remain uncertain. To optimize the protocol, previous studies evaluated the frequency-specific effects of SCS on neurophysiological activities. However, whether and how the inter-stimulus interval (ISI) parameter affects the SCS neuromodulation in DOC remains unknown. We enrolled nine DOC patients who had implanted SCS devices and conducted three different durations of ISIs...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Pierre Philip, Stéphanie Bioulac, Elemarije Altena, Charles M Morin, Imad Ghorayeb, Olivier Coste, Pierre-Jean Monteyrol, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi
This study explores the association between specific insomnia symptoms (sleep onset, sleep maintenance and early morning awakenings symptoms) and self-efficacy (perceived self-confidence in the ability to use CPAP) with CPAP compliance in French patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of CPAP compliance in a cohort of 404 patients diagnosed with OSAS. Patients completed mailed questionnaires on sleepiness (ESS), insomnia (ISI) and self-efficacy in sleep apnea (SEMSA)...
2018: PloS One
Janine Gotot, Ermanila Dhana, Hideo Yagita, Romina Kaiser, Isis Ludwig-Portugall, Christian Kurts
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) maintain self-tolerance and prevent autoimmunity by controlling autoreactive T cells. We recently demonstrated in vivo that Tregs can directly suppress auto-reactive B cells via programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) that ligated PD-1 on B cells and caused them to undergo apoptosis. Here we asked whether this mechanism is utilized by thymus-derived natural Tregs and/or by peripheral lymphoid tissue-induced Tregs. We first demonstrated that antigen-specific PD-L1-expressing Tregs were induced in the draining lymph node (LN) of autoantigen-expressing tissue and characterized them by their lack of the transcription factor Helios and of the surface marker Neuropilin-1 (Nrp-1)...
April 4, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
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