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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780699/moving-beyond-normative-philosophies-and-policy-concerns-a-sociological-account-of-place-based-solidarities-in-diversity
#1
Stijn Oosterlynck
In this commentary, I think with and beyond the normative philosophies and policy-oriented frameworks on how to deal with diversity in contemporary societies formulated by Zapata-Barrero and Modood. I propose to integrate elements of both perspectives in a empirically grounded sociological account of how place-based solidarities in diversity are nurtured in everyday life. Although there is much to be recommended about the arguments of Modood and Zapata-Barrero, I argue that what is needed is an analytical framework that does not a priori privilege specific sources of solidarity on normative-philosophical or policy grounds...
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780034/improving-predictive-asthma-algorithms-with-modelled-environment-data-for-scotland-an-observational-cohort-study-protocol
#2
Ireneous N Soyiri, Aziz Sheikh, Stefan Reis, Kimberly Kavanagh, Massimo Vieno, Tom Clemens, Edward J Carnell, Jiafeng Pan, Abby King, Rachel C Beck, Hester J T Ward, Chris Dibben, Chris Robertson, Colin R Simpson
INTRODUCTION: Asthma has a considerable, but potentially, avoidable burden on many populations globally. Scotland has some of the poorest health outcomes from asthma. Although ambient pollution, weather changes and sociodemographic factors have been associated with asthma attacks, it remains unclear whether modelled environment data and geospatial information can improve population-based asthma predictive algorithms. We aim to create the afferent loop of a national learning health system for asthma in Scotland...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779546/state-legislative-approach-to-enumerating-behavioral-health-workforce-shortages-lessons-learned-in-new-mexico
#3
Deborah B Altschul, Caroline A Bonham, Martha J Faulkner, Amy W Farnbach Pearson, Jessica Reno, Wayne Lindstrom, Shelley M Alonso-Marsden, Annette Crisanti, Julie G Salvador, Richard Larson
Nationally, the behavioral health workforce is in crisis because of a lack of resources, culturally responsive services, quality clinical supervision, sufficient training in evidence-based practices, and targeted recruitment and retention. Disparities in access to behavioral health care are particularly significant in New Mexico, where 25% of the population live in rural areas, and behavioral health shortages are among the highest in the nation. Additionally, as a Medicaid expansion state, New Mexico providers experience increased demand for services at a time when the state is challenged with limited workforce capacity...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774264/development-of-a-health-promotion-programme-to-improve-awareness-of-factors-that-affect-fertility-and-evaluation-of-its-reach-in-the-first-5-years
#4
Karin Hammarberg, Robert J Norman, Sarah Robertson, Robert McLachlan, Janet Michelmore, Louise Johnson
Awareness among people of reproductive age about the factors that influence fertility and reproductive outcomes, including medically assisted reproduction outcomes, is generally low. To improve awareness about the potentially modifiable factors that affect fertility and reproductive outcomes, 'Your Fertility', a fertility health promotion programme funded by the Australian Government, was established in 2011. This paper describes the development and evaluation of the reach of the Your Fertility programme from its inception in 2011 to June 2016...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772485/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-subjects-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-meta-analysis
#5
Wei Zheng, Qing-E Zhang, Dong-Bin Cai, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Ping Ning, Yu-Tao Xiang
Findings of neurocognitive dysfunction in subjects at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis (CHR-P) have been controversial. This meta-analysis systematically examined studies of neurocognitive functions using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) in CHR-P. An independent literature search of both English and Chinese databases was conducted by two reviewers. Standardized mean difference (SMD) was calculated using a random effects model to evaluate the effect size of the meta-analytic results. Six case-control studies (n = 396) comparing neurocognitive functions between CHR-P subjects (n = 197) and healthy controls (n = 199) using the MCCB were identified; 4 (66...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770940/effluent-composition-prediction-of-a-two-stage-anaerobic-digestion-process-machine-learning-and-stoichiometry-techniques
#6
Luz Alejo, John Atkinson, Víctor Guzmán-Fierro, Marlene Roeckel
Computational self-adapting methods (Support Vector Machines, SVM) are compared with an analytical method in effluent composition prediction of a two-stage anaerobic digestion (AD) process. Experimental data for the AD of poultry manure were used. The analytical method considers the protein as the only source of ammonia production in AD after degradation. Total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), total solids (TS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and total volatile solids (TVS) were measured in the influent and effluent of the process...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770440/approaches-to-increase-mechanistic-understanding-and-aid-in-the-selection-of-precipitation-inhibitors-for-supersaturating-formulations-a-pearrl-review
#7
REVIEW
Daniel J Price, Felix Ditzinger, Niklas J Koehl, Sandra Jankovic, Georgia Tsakiridou, Anita Nair, René Holm, Martin Kuentz, Jennifer B Dressman, Christoph Saal
OBJECTIVES: Supersaturating formulations hold great promise for delivery of poorly soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). To profit from supersaturating formulations, precipitation is hindered with precipitation inhibitors (PIs), maintaining drug concentrations for as long as possible. This review provides a brief overview of supersaturation and precipitation, focusing on precipitation inhibition. Trial-and-error PI selection will be examined alongside established PI screening techniques...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769736/trna-tracking-for-direct-measurements-of-protein-synthesis-kinetics-in-live-cells
#8
Ivan L Volkov, Martin Lindén, Javier Aguirre Rivera, Ka-Weng Ieong, Mikhail Metelev, Johan Elf, Magnus Johansson
Our ability to directly relate results from test-tube biochemical experiments to the kinetics in living cells is very limited. Here we present experimental and analytical tools to directly study the kinetics of fast biochemical reactions in live cells. Dye-labeled molecules are electroporated into bacterial cells and tracked using super-resolved single-molecule microscopy. Trajectories are analyzed by machine-learning algorithms to directly monitor transitions between bound and free states. In particular, we measure the dwell time of tRNAs on ribosomes, and hence achieve direct measurements of translation rates inside living cells at codon resolution...
May 16, 2018: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768244/harmonization-activities-of-noklus-a-quality-improvement-organization-for-point-of-care-laboratory-examinations
#9
Anne Stavelin, Sverre Sandberg
Noklus is a non-profit quality improvement organization that focuses to improve all elements in the total testing process. The aim is to ensure that all medical laboratory examinations are ordered, performed and interpreted correctly and in accordance with the patients' needs for investigation, treatment and follow-up. For 25 years, Noklus has focused on point-of-care (POC) testing in primary healthcare laboratories and has more than 3100 voluntary participants. The Noklus quality system uses different tools to obtain harmonization and improvement: (1) external quality assessment for the pre-examination, examination and postexamination phase to monitor the harmonization process and to identify areas that need improvement and harmonization, (2) manufacturer-independent evaluations of the analytical quality and user-friendliness of POC instruments and (3) close interactions and follow-up of the participants through site visits, courses, training and guidance...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767907/the-teacher-s-body-elements-that-influence-the-teaching-learning-process-of-university-nursing-students
#10
Paulo Sérgio da Silva, Nébia Maria Almeida de Figueiredo
OBJECTIVES: To identify the body elements of the teacher that influence the teaching-learning process and to analyze their effects on university nursing students. METHODS: Qualitative research with descriptive approach implemented through a dramatic play dynamics. In the second half of 2015, sixteen students from a private university center located in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) participated in the study. The data processing was carried out by using Bardin's theoretical and analytical framework...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766550/what-advice-is-given-to-newly-qualified-doctors-on-twitter-an-analysis-of-tipsfornewdocs-tweets
#11
Mohammed Ahmed Rashid, Doug McKechnie, Deborah Gill
CONTEXT: Twitter is a social media platform on which users post very brief messages that can be rapidly communicated across wide geographical areas and audiences. Many doctors use Twitter for personal as well as professional communications and networking. The #TipsForNewDocs hashtag is used on Twitter to give advice to newly qualified doctors as they commence their careers. This study explores the nature and focus of such advice. METHODS: An analysis of Twitter activity containing the #TipsForNewDocs hashtag was performed using Symplur health care analytics software...
May 15, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757400/predicting-the-ability-of-wounds-to-heal-given-any-burn-size-and-fluid-volume-an-analytical-approach
#12
Nehemiah T Liu, Julie A Rizzo, Beth A Shields, Maria L Serio-Melvin, Robert J Christy, José Salinas
Introduction: The intrinsic relationship between fluid volume and open wound size (%) has not been previously examined. Therefore, we conducted this study to 1) investigate whether open wound size can be predicted from fluid volume plus other significant factors over time and 2) evaluate how machine learning may perform in predicting open wound size. Methods: This retrospective study involved patients with at least 20% TBSA burned. Various predictive models were developed and compared using goodness-of-fit statistics (R2, error [MAE, RMSE])...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749842/working-and-learning-in-a-field-excursion
#13
Torstein Nielsen Hole
This study aimed to discern sociocultural processes through which students learn in field excursions. To achieve this aim, short-term ethnographic techniques were employed to examine how undergraduate students work and enact knowledge (or knowing) during a specific field excursion in biology. The students participated in a working practice that employed research methods and came to engage with various biological phenomena over the course of their work. A three-level analysis of the students' experiences focused on three processes that emerged: participatory appropriation, guided participation, and apprenticeship...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749590/imaging-health-record-and-artificial-intelligence-hype-or-hope
#14
REVIEW
Marco Mazzanti, Ervina Shirka, Hortensia Gjergo, Endri Hasimi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review is focused on "digital health", which means advanced analytics based on multi-modal data. The "Health Care Internet of Things", which uses sensors, apps, and remote monitoring could provide continuous clinical information in the cloud that enables clinicians to access the information they need to care for patients everywhere. Greater standardization of acquisition protocols will be needed to maximize the potential gains from automation and machine learning...
May 10, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746500/quantifying-cell-densities-and-biovolumes-of-phytoplankton-communities-and-functional-groups-using-scanning-flow-cytometry-machine-learning-and-unsupervised-clustering
#15
Mridul K Thomas, Simone Fontana, Marta Reyes, Francesco Pomati
Scanning flow cytometry (SFCM) is characterized by the measurement of time-resolved pulses of fluorescence and scattering, enabling the high-throughput quantification of phytoplankton morphology and pigmentation. Quantifying variation at the single cell and colony level improves our ability to understand dynamics in natural communities. Automated high-frequency monitoring of these communities is presently limited by the absence of repeatable, rapid protocols to analyse SFCM datasets, where images of individual particles are not available...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745263/school-based-and-community-based-gun-safety-educational-strategies-for-injury-prevention
#16
Cheryl Holly, Sallie Porter, Mary Kamienski, Aubrianne Lim
BACKGROUND: Nearly 1,300 children in the United States die because of firearm-related injury each year and another 5,790 survive gunshot wounds, making the prevention of firearm-related unintentional injury to children of vital importance to families, health professionals, and policy makers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on school-based and community-based gun safety programs for children aged 3 to 18 years. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740058/model-based-and-model-free-machine-learning-techniques-for-diagnostic-prediction-and-classification-of-clinical-outcomes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Chao Gao, Hanbo Sun, Tuo Wang, Ming Tang, Nicolaas I Bohnen, Martijn L T M Müller, Talia Herman, Nir Giladi, Alexandr Kalinin, Cathie Spino, William Dauer, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Ivo D Dinov
In this study, we apply a multidisciplinary approach to investigate falls in PD patients using clinical, demographic and neuroimaging data from two independent initiatives (University of Michigan and Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center). Using machine learning techniques, we construct predictive models to discriminate fallers and non-fallers. Through controlled feature selection, we identified the most salient predictors of patient falls including gait speed, Hoehn and Yahr stage, postural instability and gait difficulty-related measurements...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739184/moving-anesthesiology-educational-resources-to-the-point-of-care-experience-with-a-pediatric-anesthesia-mobile-app
#18
Katherine S Monroe, Michael A Evans, Shivani G Mukkamala, Julie L Williamson, Craig S Jabaley, Edward R Mariano, Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah
Background: Educators in all disciplines recognize the need to update tools for the modern learner. Mobile applications (apps) may be useful, but real-time data is needed to demonstrate the patterns of utilization and engagement amongst learners. Methods: We examined the use of an anesthesia app by two groups of learners (residents and anesthesiologist assistant students [AAs]) during a pediatric anesthesiology rotation. The app calculates age and weight-based information for clinical decision support and contains didactic materials for self-directed learning...
May 9, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734699/implementation-of-cyber-physical-production-systems-for-quality-prediction-and-operation-control-in-metal-casting
#19
JuneHyuck Lee, Sang Do Noh, Hyun-Jung Kim, Yong-Shin Kang
The prediction of internal defects of metal casting immediately after the casting process saves unnecessary time and money by reducing the amount of inputs into the next stage, such as the machining process, and enables flexible scheduling. Cyber-physical production systems (CPPS) perfectly fulfill the aforementioned requirements. This study deals with the implementation of CPPS in a real factory to predict the quality of metal casting and operation control. First, a CPPS architecture framework for quality prediction and operation control in metal-casting production was designed...
May 4, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733679/infant-viral-respiratory-infection-nasal-immune-response-patterns-and-their-association-with-subsequent-childhood-recurrent-wheeze
#20
Kedir N Turi, Jyoti Shankar, Larry J Anderson, Devi Rajan, Kelsey Gaston, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Suman R Das, Cosby Stone, Emma K Larkin, Christian Rosas-Salazar, Steven M Brunwasser, Martin L Moore, R Stokes Peebles, Tina V Hartert
RATIONALE: Recurrent wheeze and asthma are thought to result from alterations in early life immune development following RSV infection, however, prior studies of the nasal immune-response to infection have assessed only individual cytokines, which doesn't capture the whole spectrum of response to infection. OBJECTIVE: To identify nasal immune phenotypes in response to RSV infection and their association with recurrent wheeze. METHODS: A birth cohort of term healthy infants born June-December were recruited and followed to capture the first infant RSV infection...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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