keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fire department

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772452/epidemiological-aspects-of-drowning-and-non-fatal-drowning-in-the-waters-of-amsterdam
#1
G Reijnen, M van de Westeringh, M C Buster, P J E Vos, U L J Reijnders
We examined who, when, and where people non-fatally drowned of drowned in Amsterdam between January 2011 and December 2015 so that in the future more targeted and effective measures can be taken to prevent drowning. Data on non fatal drownings (N = 515, fire department database) were combined with the forensic medicine data on drowning fatalities (N=88). Who drowns in Amsterdam? The majority of those who drowned were men (82%). A high percentage of the people who drowned were under the influence of alcohol or drugs (up to 55%)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771556/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-among-firefighters-during-their-first-3-years-of-service
#2
Suzy B Gulliver, Rose Zimering, Jeff Knight, Sandra Morissette, Barbara Kamholz, Eric Meyer, Terence Keane, Michelle Pennington, Tessa Denman, Thomas Carpenter, Nathan Kimbrel
Firefighters constitute an understudied occupational group that are exposed to a great deal of occupational stress including potentially traumatic stress. As such, higher prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders have been observed within this population; however, very little is known about the trajectories of health-risk behaviors among firefighters in response to occupational stress over time. The present study enrolled 322 fire service recruits from 7 urban U.S...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754894/lethal-area-50-percent-la50-or-standardized-mortality-ratio-smr-which-one-is-more-conclusive
#3
Ali Ahmadabadi, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan, Alireza Sedaghat, Seyed Hasan Tavousi, Nastaran Khorrampazhouh, Atiyeh Mohsenpour, Zeinab Goudarzi, Masoumeh Hassanpour
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries impose a considerable burden on healthcare systems. It is among the top ten causes of mortality and a major cause of disability. This study aimed to calculate and compare the lethal area fifty percent (LA50) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) in patients with burns. METHODS: This is a five-year cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of 3284 patients with acute burns who were admitted to the Burn Department of Imam Reza Hospital in Mashhad, Iran, from 2010 to 2015...
May 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752299/anniversary-review-50-years-since-the-discovery-of-bromocriptine
#4
Michael O Thorner
Ergotism is the long term ergot poisoning by ingestion of rye or other grains infected with the fungus Claviceps purpurea and more recently by excessive intake of ergot drugs. It has either neuropsychiatric or vascular manifestations. In the Middle Ages the gangrenous poisoning was known as St Anthony's fire, after the order of the Monks of St Anthony who were particularly skilled at treating the condition. In 1917, Professor Arthur Stoll returned home to Switzerland from Germany, to lead the development of a new pharmaceutical department at Sandoz Chemical Company...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735230/management-of-multiple-burned-patients-with-inhalation-injuries
#5
Kouhei Ishikawa, Youichi Yanagawa, Yukino Kato, Yoko Nozawa, Hiroki Nagasawa, Ikuto Takeuchi, Kei Jitsuiki, Akihiko Kondo, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kazuhiko Omori
The fire department in Atami received an emergency call at 6:17 am, with notification of 4 or 5 casualties because of a fire. Because there was only 1 ambulance (O) at the station, an additional ambulance (P) was also requested. Ambulance O transported 2 patients (A and B), and ambulance P transported 2 patients (C and D). These 4 patients were judged to have severe inhalation injuries at the scene and were transported to 2 local hospitals (X and Y). After patients C and D arrived at hospital Y, the medical staff decided to transfer them to the emergency medical service center...
May 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#6
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726807/fire-in-operating-theatres-dash-ing-to-the-rescue
#7
Liam Wilson, Omer Farooq
Operating theatres are dynamic environments that require multi professional team interactions. Effective team working is essential for efficient delivery of safe patient care. A fire in the operating theatre is a rare but potentially life threatening event for both patients and staff. A rapid and cohesive response from theatre and allied staff including porters, fire safety officer etc is paramount. We delivered a training session that utilised in situ simulation (simulation in workplace). After conducting needs analysis, learning objectives were agreed...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710195/multiple-myeloma-and-its-precursor-disease-among-firefighters-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#8
Ola Landgren, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Orsolya Giricz, David Goldfarb, Kaznouri Murata, Katie Thoren, Lakshmi Ramanathan, Malin Hultcrantz, Ahmet Dogan, George Nwankwo, Ulrich Steidl, Kith Pradhan, Charles B Hall, Hillel W Cohen, Nadia Jaber, Theresa Schwartz, Laura Crowley, Michael Crane, Shani Irby, Mayris P Webber, Amit Verma, David J Prezant
Importance: The World Trade Center (WTC) attacks on September 11, 2001, created an unprecedented environmental exposure to known and suspected carcinogens suggested to increase the risk of multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma is consistently preceded by the precursor states of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and light-chain MGUS, detectable in peripheral blood. Objective: To characterize WTC-exposed firefighters with a diagnosis of multiple myeloma and to conduct a screening study for MGUS and light-chain MGUS...
April 26, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710126/estimation-of-future-cancer-burden-among-rescue-and-recovery-workers-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#9
Ankura Singh, Rachel Zeig-Owens, William Moir, Charles B Hall, Theresa Schwartz, Madeline Vossbrinck, Nadia Jaber, Mayris P Webber, Kerry J Kelly, Viola Ortiz, Ellen Koffler, David J Prezant
Importance: Elevated rates of cancer have been reported in individuals exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster, including Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) rescue and recovery workers. Objective: To project the future burden of cancer in WTC-exposed FDNY rescue and recovery workers by estimating the 20-year cancer incidence. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 14 474 WTC-exposed FDNY employees who were cancer-free on January 1, 2012; subgroup analyses were conducted of the cohort's white male population (n = 12 374)...
April 26, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672136/which-patients-in-the-emergency-department-should-receive-preexposure-prophylaxis-implementation-of-a-predictive-analytics-approach
#10
Jessica P Ridgway, Ellen A Almirol, Alvie Bender, Andrew Richardson, Jessica Schmitt, Eleanor Friedman, Nicola Lancki, Ivan Leroux, Nina Pieroni, Jessica Dehlin, John A Schneider
Emergency Departments (EDs) have the potential to play a crucial role in HIV prevention by identifying and linking high-risk HIV-negative clients to preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) care, but it is difficult to perform HIV risk assessment for all ED patients. We aimed to develop and implement an electronic risk score to identify ED patients who are potential candidates for PrEP. Using electronic medical record (EMR) data, we used logistic regression to model the outcome of PrEP eligibility. We converted the model into an electronic risk score and incorporated it into the EMR...
April 19, 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658098/efficacy-of-a-proactive-health-and-safety-risk-management-system-in-the-fire-service
#11
Gerald S Poplin, Stephanie Griffin, Keshia Pollack Porter, Joshua Mallett, Chengcheng Hu, Virginia Day-Nash, Jefferey L Burgess
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of a fire department proactive risk management program aimed at reducing firefighter injuries and their associated costs. METHODS: Injury data were collected for the intervention fire department and a contemporary control department. Workers' compensation claim frequency and costs were analyzed for the intervention fire department only. Total, exercise, patient transport, and fireground operations injury rates were calculated for both fire departments...
April 16, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650401/opthalmological-sequelae-due-to-paintball-injuries-case-studies
#12
A C Peñaranda, A Montoya, A P Arciniegas, C López-de-Mesa
OBJECTIVE: Describe the ophthalmological sequelae of patients diagnosed with blunt eye injury by paintball. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were a total 14 cases with a diagnosis of blunt trauma by paintball were treated at the ophthalmology emergency department of the Barraquer Clinic in Bogotá, Colombia. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination with their respective controls according to their outcome. RESULTS: The frequency of eye trauma by paintball was 3...
April 9, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621721/interventions-and-controls-to-prevent-emergency-service-vehicle-incidents-a-mixed-methods-review
#13
David P Bui, Samantha Balland, Casey Giblin, Alesia Jung, Sandy Kramer, Abigail Peng, Marie Corazon Ponce Aquino, Stephanie Griffin, Dustin D French, Keshia Pollack Porter, Steve Crothers, Jefferey L Burgess
BACKGROUND: Emergency service vehicle incidents (ESVI), including crashes, rollovers, and roadside struck-by-incidents, are a leading cause of occupational fatality and injury among firefighters and other emergency responders. Though there are numerous strategies and interventions to prevent ESVIs, the evidence base for these strategies is limited and dispersed. The goal of this study was to gather and present a review of evidence-based ESVI interventions. METHODS: We searched five academic databases for articles published within the last decade featuring interventions to reduce or prevent ESVIs...
April 2, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607439/penetrating-injury-caused-by-a-long-iron-bar-a-case-report
#14
Seyithan Ozaydin, Aykan Gulleroglu, Birgul Karaaslan, Suleyman Celebi, Cemile Besik, Melike Korkmaz Toker, Serdar Sander
Foreign bodies that strike the body with their long edges can cause severe problems. From the hospitalization of the patients to the removal of the foreign body and from surgery to follow-up, working as a team in a well-organized manner is necessary. In the present research, we present our experience, including the hospitalization, initial assessment by the emergency team, examination, and treatment plan, of a pediatric patient who had a 12-m long iron bar that traversed from the right side of the anus to the loin; this impalement happened while the patient was sliding through a snow-covered street, and the patient had to wait on the snow until the fire department arrived and cut the iron bar...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563847/development-of-new-core-competencies-for-taiwanese-emergency-medical-technicians
#15
Yu-Tung Chang, Kuang-Chau Tsai, Brett Williams
Objectives: Core competencies are considered the foundation for establishing Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) and paramedic curricula, and for ensuring performance standards in the delivery of prehospital care. This study surveyed EMT instructors and medical directors to identify the most desirable core competencies for all levels of EMTs in Taiwan. Methods: A principal components analysis with Varimax rotation was conducted. An online questionnaire was distributed to obtain perspectives of EMT instructors and medical directors on the most desirable core competencies for EMTs...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504085/electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-ends-battery-related-burns-presenting-to-us-emergency-departments-2016
#16
Catherine G Corey, Joanne T Chang, Brian L Rostron
BACKGROUND: Currently, an estimated 7.9 million US adults use electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Although published reports have identified fires and explosions related to use of ENDS since 2009, these reports do not provide national estimates of burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries in the US. FINDINGS: We analyzed nationally representative data provided in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to estimate the number of US emergency department (ED) visits for burn injuries associated with ENDS batteries...
March 5, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501219/the-association-of-prehospital-intravenous-fluids-and-mortality-in-patients-with-penetrating-trauma
#17
Sam A Bores, William Pajerowski, Brendan G Carr, Daniel Holena, Zachary F Meisel, C Crawford Mechem, Roger A Band
BACKGROUND: The optimal approach to prehospital care of trauma patients is controversial, and thought to require balancing advanced field interventions with rapid transport to definitive care. OBJECTIVE: We sought principally to examine any association between the amount of prehospital IV fluid (IVF) administered and mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of trauma registry data patients who sustained penetrating trauma between January 2008 and February 2011, as identified in the Pennsylvania Trauma Systems Foundation registry with corresponding prehospital records from the Philadelphia Fire Department...
April 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489307/emergency-department-management-of-smoke-inhalation-injury-in-adults-digest
#18
Karalynn Otterness, Christine Ahn, Jeffrey Nusbaum, Nachi Gupta
Smoke inhalation injury portends increased morbidity and mortality in fire-exposed patients. Upper airway thermal burns, inflammation from lower airway irritants, and systemic effects of carbon monoxide and cyanide can contribute to injury. A standardized diagnostic protocol for inhalation injury is lacking, and management remains mostly supportive. Clinicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for concomitant traumatic injuries. Diagnosis is mostly clinical, aided by bronchoscopy and other supplementary tests...
March 1, 2018: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489306/emergency-department-management-of-smoke-inhalation-injury-in-adults
#19
Karalynn Otterness, Christine Ahn
Smoke inhalation injury portends increased morbidity and mortality in fire-exposed patients. Upper airway thermal burns, inflammation from lower airway irritants, and systemic effects of carbon monoxide and cyanide can contribute to injury. A standardized diagnostic protocol for inhalation injury is lacking, and management remains mostly supportive. Clinicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for concomitant traumatic injuries. Diagnosis is mostly clinical, aided by bronchoscopy and other supplementary tests...
March 2018: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478577/should-helicopters-transport-patients-who-become-sick-after-a-chemical-biological-radiological-nuclear-and-explosive-attack
#20
Youichi Yanagawa, Kouhei Ishikawa, Ikuto Takeuchi, Hiroki Nagasawa, Kei Jitsuiki, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kazuhiko Omori
The local fire department executed a training simulation for chemical and explosive incidents at a large sports facility. In this training simulation, a physician-staffed helicopter arrived at the request of the fire department and landed just outside the cold zone in the parking area. The doctor and nurse of the helicopter were escorted to a red area in the cold zone, which was selected based on the results of postdecontamination triage. After the patients had been treated, they were air medically evacuated to the base hospital...
March 2018: Air Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
39333
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"