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Fan Li, Te-Yu Liao, Ryoichi Arai, Liangjie Zhao
A new genus and species, Sinorhodeus microlepis gen. et sp. nov., is described from a tributary of the Yangtze River, in Chongqing City, China. Sinorhodeus gen. nov. can be distinguished from four closely related genera, Paratanakia, Pseudorhodeus, Rhodeus, and Tanakia, by the following combination of characters: pharyngeal teeth 0,0,4-4,0,0, longitudinal scales 41-46, white spots on dorsal-fin rays absent, a black blotch on dorsal fin in juvenile absent, and less developed wing-like yolk sac projections in larvae...
November 22, 2017: Zootaxa
Miguel Jiménez-Alcázar, Chandini Rangaswamy, Rachita Panda, Josephine Bitterling, Yashin J Simsek, Andy T Long, Rostyslav Bilyy, Veit Krenn, Christoph Renné, Thomas Renné, Stefan Kluge, Ulf Panzer, Ryushin Mizuta, Hans Georg Mannherz, Daisuke Kitamura, Martin Herrmann, Markus Napirei, Tobias A Fuchs
Platelet and fibrin clots occlude blood vessels in hemostasis and thrombosis. Here we report a noncanonical mechanism for vascular occlusion based on neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), DNA fibers released by neutrophils during inflammation. We investigated which host factors control NETs in vivo and found that two deoxyribonucleases (DNases), DNase1 and DNase1-like 3, degraded NETs in circulation during sterile neutrophilia and septicemia. In the absence of both DNases, intravascular NETs formed clots that obstructed blood vessels and caused organ damage...
December 1, 2017: Science
Daisuke Tanaka, Toyo Takahashi, Yoko Yamashiro, Hitoshi Tanaka, Yuzuru Kimochi, Masaki Nishio, Akihiro Sakatoku, Shogo Nakamura
The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of seasonal variations and the effects of physicochemical conditions on the bacterioplankton communities in two small rivers, the Moo and Nakayachi Rivers in the Himi region of central Japan. These rivers are inhabited by unionid freshwater mussels, which are used for oviposition by the endangered Itasenpara bitterling (Acheilognathus longipinnis). Water samples were collected every month between March 2011 and February 2012. Changes in bacterioplankton community structures were analysed using an approach that did not require cultivating the bacteria and involved PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Hyung-Bae Jeon, Dacotah Anderson, Hari Won, Hangkyo Lim, Ho Young Suk
Tanakia is a bitterling genus with six species found in Far East Asia. Our aim was to construct the standard DNA barcode database available for the identification of six Tanakia species by comparing the range of intra- and inter-specific genetic distances, identifying the phylogenetic placement of each Tanakia species and providing the unique barcode characteristics that are specific to each species, using cytochrome oxidase I (COI) and cytochrome b (cyt b). Both loci failed to create a perfect barcoding gap between the ranges of inter- and intra-specific genetic distances, though interspecific COI distances were sufficiently greater than intraspecific values with only a few exceptions...
November 9, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Alexandra Epp, Juliane Hobusch, Yannic C Bartsch, Janina Petry, Gina-Maria Lilienthal, Carolien A M Koeleman, Simon Eschweiler, Christian Möbs, Ashley Hall, Suzanne C Morris, Dominique Braumann, Christine Engellenner, Josephine Bitterling, Johann Rahmöller, Alexei Leliavski, Robina Thurmann, Mattias Collin, Kelley W Moremen, Richard T Strait, Véronique Blanchard, Arnd Petersen, Timo Gemoll, Jens K Habermann, Frank Petersen, Andreas Nandy, Helga Kahlert, Michael Hertl, Manfred Wuhrer, Wolfgang Pfützner, Uta Jappe, Fred D Finkelman, Marc Ehlers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
In Bon Goo, Jung Eun Kim, Myung Hun Kim, Hye-Sung Choi, Hee Jeong Kong, Jeong Ho Lee, In-Seok Park
This report describes the sex differentiation of the Korean rose bitterling, Rhodeus uyekii, from hatching to 170 days post-hatch (DPH) in relation to total length (TL), body weight (BW), and integral water temperature (IWT). The growth curve of TL from just hatching to 83 DPH was 5.144e(0.045t) (R² = 0.961; t, time), and that of BW was 2.398e(0.086t) (R² = 0.725). Primordial germ cells (PGCs) were observed at 17 DPH (7.9 mm TL, 3.74 mg BW, 374°C IWT), and thereafter began to protrude into the peritoneal cavity...
December 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
Li-Juan Nie, Zhen-Dong Cao, Shi-Jian Fu
Fish that are active foragers usually perform routine activities while digesting their food; thus, their postprandial swimming capacity and related behavior adjustments might be ecologically important. To test whether digestion affect swimming performance and the relationships of digestion with metabolism and behavior in an active forager, we investigated the postprandial metabolic response, spontaneous swimming activities, critical swimming speed (Ucrit), and fast-start escape performance of both fasted and digesting (3h after feeding to satiation) juvenile rose bitterling (Rhodeus ocellatus)...
February 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Carl Smith
Generalist parasites have the capacity to infect multiple hosts. The temporal pattern of host specificity by generalist parasites is rarely studied, but is critical to understanding what variables underpin infection and thereby the impact of parasites on host species and the way they impose selection on hosts. Here, the temporal dynamics of infection of four species of freshwater mussel by European bitterling fish (Rhodeus amarus) was investigated over three spawning seasons. Bitterling lay their eggs in the gills of freshwater mussels, which suffer reduced growth, oxygen stress, gill damage and elevated mortality as a result of parasitism...
February 2017: Oecologia
Kenji Saitoh, Kentaro Shindo, Yasufumi Fujimoto, Kiyotaka Takahashi, Tetsuo Shimada
Genotyping of endangered species is helpful for establishing and evaluating conservation strategies. Mitochondrial sequence data was analyzed from 541 individuals of a critically endangered fish, Acheilognathus typus from present-day range-wide localities to re-evaluate an in-progress restoration program around Lake Izunuma-Uchinuma, Miyagi, Japan. Acheilognathus typus showed low sequence diversity with only eight haplotypes and π and ĥ values of 0.59129 and 0.00118 respectively. Genetic data suggests Acheilognathus typus is adapted to pulsed environments and prone to population flush and crash...
2016: ZooKeys
Masato Nitta, Kazuya Nagasawa
A new dactylogyrid monogenean Dactylogyrus bicorniculus sp. nov. is described from the gills of the kazetoge bitterling, Rhodeus atremius atremius (Jordan and Thompson, 1914), an endemic species in Japan, from Saga Prefecture, northern Kyūshū. D. bicorniculus sp. nov. resembles Dactylogyrus bicornis Malevitskaja, 1941 and Dactylogyrus lophogonus Zhang and Ji, 1980 because they have two common features, a large V-shaped ventral bar and well-developed second marginal hooks. However, the new species is distinguished from these congeners by a shorter penis and an accessory piece...
October 2016: Parasitology International
Hyun Woo Gil, Hee Jeong Kong, Cheul Min An, Bong-Seok Kim, Sang-Gu Lim, In-Seok Park
In this study, we induced tetraploidy in Korean rose bitterling, Rhodeus uyekii, by applying various hydrostatic pressure shock conditions. Tetraploidy was not induced under 4500 psi pressure treatment in any experimental group. Instead, the induction rate of tetraploidy was highest under 7500 psi hydrostatic pressure treatment. As a result, when the processing method was similar and as the process time increased, the induction rate of each experimental group increased; however, there was no significant difference (P > 0...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jung Hyun Kim, Chun Mae Dong, Julan Kim, Cheul Min An, Hae Ja Baek, Hee Jeong Kong
Heat shock protein (HSP) 70, the highly conserved stress protein families, plays important roles in protecting cells against heat and other stresses in most animal species. In the present study, we identified and characterized four Hsp70 (RuHSP4, RuHSC70, RuHSP12A, RuGRP78) family proteins based on the expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis of the Korean rose bitterling R. uyekii cDNA library. The deduced RuHSP70 family has high amino acid identities of 72-99% with those of other species. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that RuHsp70 family clustered with fish groups (HSP4, HSC70, HSP12A, GRP78) proteins...
September 2015: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
Liu-Yi Penghan, Xu Pang, Shi-Jian Fu
To investigate the effects of starvation and acclimation temperature on the escape ability of juvenile rose bitterling (Rhodeus ocellatus), we measured the fast-start escape and constant acceleration swimming performance of fish fasted for 0 (control), 1 and 2 weeks and half-lethal periods (6 or 4 weeks) at two temperatures (15 and 25 °C). Fish acclimated at a high temperature exhibited shorter response latency (R), higher maximum linear velocity (V max) and longer escape distance during escape movement (D 120ms) than those at the low temperature...
June 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Julan Kim, Ji Young Moon, Woo-Jin Kim, Dong-Gyun Kim, Bo-Hye Nam, Young-Ok Kim, Jung Youn Park, Cheul Min An, Hee Jeong Kong
Thioredoxin is a multifunctional antioxidant enzyme that belongs to the reductase family. In this study, we cloned and characterized thioredoxin 1 cDNA from the Korean rose bitterling Rhodeus uyekii (RuTrx). The full-length RuTrx cDNA consists of 674 bp with a 324 nt open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 107 aa protein. The deduced RuTrx amino acid sequence indicated a characteristic redox active site, (31)WCGPC(35). Pairwise alignment revealed RuTrx amino acid identity (55.1%-83.2%) with orthologs from various species of mammalia, amphibia, fish and bird...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
M Nishio, T Kawamoto, R Kawakami, K Edo, Y Yamazaki
The life history, reproductive ecology and habitat utilization of the Itasenpara (deepbody) bitterling Acheilognathus longipinnis were investigated in a lowland segment of the Moo River in Toyama Prefecture, central Honshu, Japan. Analysis of 1285 individuals revealed that the study population comprised a single size class, an age at maturation of 3 months and a life span of 1 year. On the basis of the growth pattern, the life cycle was divided into two stages: the juvenile stage, characterized by rapid growth, and the adult stage at which growth ceased...
September 2015: Journal of Fish Biology
Martin Reichard, Karel Douda, Mirosław Przybyłski, Oana P Popa, Eva Karbanová, Klára Matasová, Kateřina Rylková, Matej Polačik, Radim Blažek, Carl Smith
Predicting the impacts of non-native species remains a challenge. As populations of a species are genetically and phenotypically variable, the impact of non-native species on local taxa could crucially depend on population-specific traits and adaptations of both native and non-native species. Bitterling fishes are brood parasites of unionid mussels and unionid mussels produce larvae that parasitize fishes. We used common garden experiments to measure three key elements in the bitterling-mussel association among two populations of an invasive mussel (Anodonta woodiana) and four populations of European bitterling (Rhodeus amarus)...
August 7, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
R G Fattakhov, A V Ushakov, T F Stepanova, O E Trotsenko, I B Ivanova, A G Dragomeretskaya
Investigations were conducted in late June to early June 2013. The population density of mollusks of the genus Juga in the shoreline and littoral covered by meadow waters was 10 to 30 specimens/m2; there were solitary specimens of the genus Parafossarulus. Fourteen out of 39 fish species were invaded by metacercariae of Clonorchis. Manchurian spiny loaches (Leptobotia) and Light's bitterling (Rhodeus lighti) are first registered to be hosts of Clonorchis. The metacercariae of Metagonimus yokogawai were detected in silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and those of Nanophyetus salmincola schikhobalowi were in the kidneys, fin muscles, and gills of taimen (Hucho) and lenok (Brachymystax lenok) from the Khor River...
April 2015: Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni
Hee Jeong Kong, Il Kyu Lee, Julan Kim, Woo-Jin Kim, Hyung Soo Kim, Wang Sik Cho, Dong-Wook Kim, Jung Youn Park, Cheul Min An
The potential impact of natural and synthetic estrogens on aquatic ecosystems has become a subject of great interest in recent years. One synthetic estrogen, 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2), is present in municipal sewage discharges and causes gonad alterations in various fish species. To understand the possible damage caused by EE2, male Rhodeus uyekii were exposed to 100 ng/L EE2 for 7 days. RNA-Seq was performed to assess the effects of EE2 on gene expression in hepatic and skin tissues. The analysis revealed that EE2 induced the expression of various genes, including sex hormone genes, anti-Mullerian hormone, vitellogenin, and estrogen receptor alpha; cancer genes, breast cancer anti-estrogen resistance protein 3, caveolin 2, and Smad2; and apoptotic genes, p53, Bcl-2, TNF-α, and WDR36...
December 2015: Marine Genomics
Carl Smith, André Philips, Martin Reichard
The ability to attract mates, acquire resources for reproduction, and successfully outcompete rivals for fertilizations may make demands on cognitive traits--the mechanisms by which an animal acquires, processes, stores and acts upon information from its environment. Consequently, cognitive traits potentially undergo sexual selection in some mating systems. We investigated the role of cognitive traits on the reproductive performance of male rose bitterling (Rhodeus ocellatus), a freshwater fish with a complex mating system and alternative mating tactics...
June 22, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Chunzhu Xu, Fei Xie, Xue Zhang, Shuai Zhao
The complete mitogenome sequence of Amur bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus) was determined using long PCR. The genome was 16,581 bp in length and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 1 origin of L strand replication and 1 control region. The overall base composition of the heavy strand was A (28.9%), C (27.2%), T (26.6%), and G (17.3%). The control region was 925 bp in length and the A + T content of the region was 63.5%. The extended termination-associated sequence domain, the central conserved domain and the conserved sequence block domain are defined in the mitochondrial genome control region of Amur bitterling...
July 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
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