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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149794/love-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-residential-dementia-care-a-spousal-perspective
#1
Tineke Sm Roelofs, Katrien G Luijkx, Petri Jcm Embregts
The experiences and needs of spouses of residential care facility residents with dementia, regarding friendship, love, intimacy, and sexuality were explored. Understanding of how spouses make sense of their experiences was pursued. Semi-structured interviews were held with nine spouses of people with dementia, living in high intensive 24-hour care units within residential care facilities. The results show that friendship, love, intimacy, and sexuality were still embedded in the couples' marital lives, but all in their own way...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149793/improving-quality-of-work-life-for-care-providers-by-fostering-the-emotional-well-being-of-persons-with-dementia-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-nursing-intervention-in-german-long-term-care-settings
#2
Charlotte Berendonk, Roman Kaspar, Marion Bär, Matthias Hoben
We tested the feasibility of a nursing intervention (DEMIAN) in routine care and its effects on care providers' job satisfaction, motivation, and work strain. This cluster-randomized trial was conducted in 20 German long-term care facilities. We randomly assigned 20 facilities to an intervention group (84 care providers, 42 residents with dementia) or a control group (96 care providers, 42 residents with dementia). Intervention group providers received two training days on the intervention; 68 providers attended both training days...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149789/involving-institutionalized-people-with-dementia-in-their-care-planning-meetings-impact-on-their-quality-of-life-measured-by-a-proxy-method
#3
Feliciano Villar, Montserrat Celdrán, Josep Vila-Miravent, Elena Fernández
The objective of the study was to assess the impact of an intervention in which people with dementia attended meetings to discuss their individual care plans on their quality of life. Fifty-two older people ( M = 86.7 years, SD = 7.3) diagnosed with moderate-to-severe dementia living in four nursing homes in Spain participated in the study. The intervention was implemented with 27 residents at two of the nursing homes; the other 25 cases at the other two homes acted as controls. A proxy measure of quality of life was used...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149788/knowledge-of-alzheimer-s-disease-among-vietnamese-americans-and-correlates-of-their-knowledge-about-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Sang E Lee, Banghwa Lee Casado
The present study examined the knowledge of Alzheimer's disease and correlates of the disease knowledge among Vietnamese Americans. Cross-sectional survey interviews were conducted with 95 middle-aged and older Vietnamese Americans. Vietnamese Americans showed limited knowledge about Alzheimer's disease. Normalization of Alzheimer's disease in old age was prevalent. They lacked knowledge about treatment and cure of Alzheimer's disease. Those who reside longer in the U.S. and are more exposed to Alzheimer's disease are likely to have higher levels of Alzheimer's disease knowledge...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149678/housing-conditions-and-birth-outcomes-the-national-child-development-study
#5
Emily W Harville, Felicia A Rabito
BACKGROUND: Despite their importance to respiratory and other health outcomes, housing conditions have been little-studied with respect to perinatal outcomes. METHODS: 1927 participants in the British National Child Development Study reported on housing conditions and pregnancy outcomes, including presence/severity of mold/dampness; type of heating; and whether remodeling of various sorts had been conducted. Crowding, based on the number of people in the residence and the number of rooms, was also considered...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#6
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149276/urban-renewal-gentrification-and-health-equity-a-realist-perspective
#7
Roshanak Mehdipanah, Giulia Marra, Giulia Melis, Elena Gelormino
Background: Up to now, research has focused on the effects of urban renewal programs and their impacts on health. While some of this research points to potential negative health effects due to gentrification, evidence that addresses the complexity associated with this relation is much needed. This paper seeks to better understand when, why and how health inequities arise from urban renewal interventions resulting in gentrification. Methods: A realist review, a qualitative systematic review method, aimed to better explain the relation between context, mechanism and outcomes, was used...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149269/effects-of-a-healthy-eater-self-schema-and-nutrition-literacy-on-healthy-eating-behaviors-among-taiwanese-college-students
#8
Chia-Kuei Lee, Li-Ling Liao, I-Ju Lai, Li-Chun Chang
Unhealthy eating behaviors contribute to obesity and chronic illness. This study examined the relative contributions of a healthy-eater self-schema (a self-conception as a healthy eater) and nutrition literacy on healthy-eating behaviors and whether nutrition literacy was a mediator among Taiwanese college students. A total of 1216 undergraduate students from six universities in Taiwan participated in the study from April to June 2016. Healthy-eating behaviors, nutrition literacy, healthy-eater self-schema and known determinants of eating behaviors (e...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149218/carbonaceous-particulate-matter-on-the-lung-surface-from-adults-living-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#9
Michele Galhardoni Padovan, Abigail Whitehouse, Nelson Gouveia, Mateus Habermann, Jonathan Grigg
OBJECTIVES: We therefore sought to identify the exposures associated with lung surface in long-term residents of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Lung surface carbon were analyzed in 72 autopsy specimens by image analysis. Smoking history, measured PM10 nearest to the home, distance to main road, and distance-weighted traffic density were used as exposure variables. Data are summarized as median (IQR), and compared by Mann Whitney Test, with correlations done by Spearman's correlation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149181/hospital-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-in-public-and-private-sectors-under-the-universal-government-health-insurance-scheme-in-chhattisgarh-state-india-lessons-for-universal-health-coverage
#10
Sulakshana Nandi, Helen Schneider, Priyanka Dixit
Research on impact of publicly financed health insurance has paid relatively little attention to the nature of healthcare provision the schemes engage. India's National Health Insurance Scheme or RSBY was made universal by Chhattisgarh State in 2012. In the State, public and private sectors provide hospital services in a context of extensive gender, social, economic and geographical inequities. This study examined enrolment, utilization (public and private) and out of pocket (OOP) expenditure for the insured and uninsured, in Chhattisgarh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149092/analysis-of-the-roles-of-the-arabidopsis-nmat2-and-pmh2-proteins-provided-with-new-insights-into-the-regulation-of-group-ii-intron-splicing-in-land-plant-mitochondria
#11
Michal Zmudjak, Sofia Shevtsov, Laure D Sultan, Ido Keren, Oren Ostersetzer-Biran
Plant mitochondria are remarkable with respect to the presence of numerous group II introns which reside in many essential genes. The removal of the organellar introns from the coding genes they interrupt is essential for respiratory functions, and is facilitated by different enzymes that belong to a diverse set of protein families. These include maturases and RNA helicases related proteins that function in group II intron splicing in different organisms. Previous studies indicate a role for the nMAT2 maturase and the RNA helicase PMH2 in the maturation of different pre-RNAs in Arabidopsis mitochondria...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149073/micronutrient-deficiencies-among-breastfeeding-infants-in-tanzania
#12
Alexandra L Bellows, Emily R Smith, Alfa Muhihi, Christina Briegleb, Ramadhani A Noor, Salum Mshamu, Christopher Sudfeld, Honorati Masanja, Wafaie W Fawzi
Infant mortality accounts for the majority of child deaths in Tanzania, and malnutrition is an important underlying cause. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to describe the micronutrient status of infants in Tanzania and assess predictors of infant micronutrient deficiency. We analyzed serum vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate, and ferritin levels from 446 infants at two weeks of age, 408 infants at three months of age, and 427 mothers three months post-partum. We used log-Poisson regression to estimate relative risk of being deficient in vitamin D and vitamin B12 for infants in each age group...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148657/a-comparison-of-heat-wave-response-plans-from-an-aged-care-facility-perspective
#13
Benjamin Okwuofu-Thomas, Paul J Beggs, Ross J MacKenzie
Heat waves result in significant excess mortality, particularly amongst elderly people. This article examines selected heat wave response plans at national, state/provincial, and municipal levels, with a particular focus on specific responses aimed at residents of aged care facilities. We sourced heat wave response plans from several countries that are experiencing a demographic transition that features a growing aging population. We collected a total of 23 heat wave response plans; most of those plans were from Australia, with only three plans each available from Canada and the UK, and only two available from the U...
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148639/institutional-delivery-services-utilization-by-women-of-childbearing-age-in-south-west-showa-zone-oromia-region
#14
Assefa Seme, Abera Seifu
Introduction: Institutional delivery is very low in Ethiopia, particularly in Oromia where less than one-third of antenatal care attendees utilize the services. This study assessed the magnitude of institutional delivery and associated factors in South West Showa Zone of Oromia. Methods: A cross-sectional community based study was conducted in 2010. A stratified cluster sampling technique used to select study districts, villages and households. Four hundred thirty childbearing women with at least one birth in the past 5 years preceding the survey were interviewed...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148592/oral-anticoagulants-in-german-nursing-home-residents-drug-use-patterns-and-predictors-for-treatment-choice
#15
Kathrin Jobski, Falk Hoffmann, Stefan Herget-Rosenthal, Michael Dörks
AIMS: Information on utilization of oral anticoagulants (OACs) in nursing homes is scarce. This study aimed to (i) describe OAC use in German nursing home residents, (ii) examine factors influencing whether treatment is initiated with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and (iii) assess which conditions predict switching to NOAC instead of continuing VKA. METHODS: Using claims data (2010-2014), we studied a cohort of new nursing home residents aged ≥ 65 years receiving OAC...
November 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148395/bourbon-virus-in-field-collected-ticks-missouri-usa
#16
Harry M Savage, Kristen L Burkhalter, Marvin S Godsey, Nicholas A Panella, David C Ashley, William L Nicholson, Amy J Lambert
Bourbon virus (BRBV) was first isolated in 2014 from a resident of Bourbon County, Kansas, USA, who died of the infection. In 2015, an ill Payne County, Oklahoma, resident tested positive for antibodies to BRBV, before fully recovering. We retrospectively tested for BRBV in 39,096 ticks from northwestern Missouri, located 240 km from Bourbon County, Kansas. We detected BRBV in 3 pools of Amblyomma americanum (L.) ticks: 1 pool of male adults and 2 pools of nymphs. Detection of BRBV in A. americanum, a species that is aggressive, feeds on humans, and is abundant in Kansas and Oklahoma, supports the premise that A...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148352/nursing-home-response-to-nursing-home-compare-the-provider-perspective
#17
Marcelo Coca Perraillon, Daniel J Brauner, R Tamara Konetzka
Nursing Home Compare (NHC) publishes composite quality ratings of nursing homes based on a five-star rating system, a system that has been subject to controversy about its validity. Using in-depth interviews, we assess the views of nursing home administrators and staff on NHC and unearth strategies used to improve ratings. Respondents revealed conflicting goals and strategies. Although nursing home managers monitor the ratings and expend effort to improve scores, competing goals of revenue maximization and avoidance of litigation often overshadow desire to score well on NHC...
August 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148342/undiagnosed-and-uncontrolled-chronic-conditions-in-china-could-social-health-insurance-consolidation-make-a-change
#18
Xing Lin Feng
Policy makers in China are considering consolidating the country's fragmented health insurance programs. This system consists of three components. The Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance (UEBMI) covers formal employees, the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) covers rural residents, and the Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance (URBMI) covers urban residents. Consolidation could, in theory, create a more efficient health system that is better able to address noncommunicable diseases. Using national survey data during 2011 to 2013, I found that 44% to 76% cases of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia went undiagnosed among Chinese adults aged 45 and older...
February 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148082/insights-into-flood-coping-appraisals-of-protection-motivation-theory-empirical-evidence-from-germany-and-france
#19
Philip Bubeck, W J Wouter Botzen, Jonas Laudan, Jeroen C J H Aerts, Annegret H Thieken
Protection motivation theory (PMT) has become a popular theory to explain the risk-reducing behavior of residents against natural hazards. PMT captures the two main cognitive processes that individuals undergo when faced with a threat, namely, threat appraisal and coping appraisal. The latter describes the evaluation of possible response measures that may reduce or avert the perceived threat. Although the coping appraisal component of PMT was found to be a better predictor of protective intentions and behavior, little is known about the factors that influence individuals' coping appraisals of natural hazards...
November 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147723/desorption-kinetics-of-organic-chemicals-from-albumin
#20
Sophia Krause, Nadin Ulrich, Kai-Uwe Goss
When present in blood, most chemicals tend to bind to the plasma protein albumin. For distribution into surrounding tissues, desorption from albumin is necessary, because only the unbound form of a chemical is assumed to be able to cross cell membranes. For metabolism of chemicals, the liver is a particularly important organ. One potentially limiting step for hepatic uptake of the chemicals is desorption from albumin, because blood passes the human liver within seconds. Desorption kinetics from albumin can thus be an important parameter for our pharmacokinetic and toxicokinetic understanding of chemicals...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
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