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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651405/-clinical-stages-and-outcomes-of-severe-cases-on-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#1
J Zhang, Y Jin, J L Sun, Y X Wang, X J Wang, X Q Fu, Z P Miao, J Lyu
Objective: To understand the characteristics and relation of clinical stage and outcome of severe cases on hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and to establish the evaluation method for understanding severity of this disease. Methods: According to factors as geographical location, economic and epidemic levels, five provinces (Henan, Shandong, Yunnan, Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces) were selected. Reported severe cases of HFMD from the National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System were selected randomly in the five provinces...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651401/-investigation-of-group-sex-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-taizhou-zhejiang-province-2013-2015
#2
H J Lin, Y C Zhang, W W Shen, Q H Wu, Y Y Xu, D H Qiu, Y Y Ding, N He
Objective: To understand the prevalence of group sex in men who have sex with men (MSM) and related factors in Taizhou, Zhejiang province. Methods: From March 2013 to September 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among MSM recruited from gay bars or bath houses in Taizhou by using questionnaire to collect the information about their sexual behavior and HIV test. Results: A total of 1 435 MSM were recruited, 179 of them (12.5%) were HIV infected, 231 (16.1%) reported group sex during the past year. Compared with MSM without group sex, more MSM with group sex had more than ten male sexual partners (53...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651398/-awareness-of-health-co-benefits-of-carbon-emissions-reduction-in-urban-residents-in-beijing-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
J H Gao, Y Zhang, J Wang, H J Chen, G B Zhang, X B Liu, H X Wu, J Li, J Li, Q Y Liu
Objective: To understand the awareness of the health co-benefits of carbon emission reduction in urban residents in Beijing and the influencing factors, and provide information for policy decision on carbon emission reduction and health education campaigns. Methods: Four communities were selected randomly from Fangshan, Haidian, Huairou and Dongcheng districts of Beijing, respectively. The sample size was estimated by using Kish-Leslie formula for descriptive analysis. 90 participants were recruited from each community...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651396/-interaction-between-family-history-of-diabetes-and-hyperlipidemia-on-risk-of-diabetes-in-population-with-normotension-in-harbin-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
C D Bao, B Sun, L Lan, H Qiao, D F Zhang, X Y Liu, J Wang, Y S Zhao
Objective: To explore the interaction between family history of diabetes and hyperlipidemia on the risk of diabetes in population with normotension. Methods: A multistage stratified probability random sampling was conducted to select a representative sample of urban residents aged 20-74 years in Harbin. A total of 376 diabetes patients with normotension and 3 692 residents with normal blood pressure, normal fasting glucose, and normal 2 hours glucose from OGTT were surveyed. The interaction was evaluated by using crossover analysis and additive model...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651395/-analysis-of-dietary-pattern-and-diabetes-mellitus-influencing-factors-identified-by-classification-tree-model-in-adults-of-fujian
#5
F L Yu, Y Ye, Y S Yan
Objective: To find out the dietary patterns and explore the relationship between environmental factors (especially dietary patterns) and diabetes mellitus in the adults of Fujian. Methods: Multi-stage sampling method were used to survey residents aged ≥18 years by questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory detection in 10 disease surveillance points in Fujian. Factor analysis was used to identify the dietary patterns, while logistic regression model was applied to analyze relationship between dietary patterns and diabetes mellitus, and classification tree model was adopted to identify the influencing factors for diabetes mellitus...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651389/-survey-of-degree-of-passive-smoking-exposure-and-related-risk-awareness-in-adults-in-china-2013
#6
C Li, L M Wang, Z J Huang, Z P Zhao, M Zhang, X Zhang
Objective: To understand the passive smoking exposure level and related risk awareness in adults in China in 2013. Methods: A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted in 179 570 adults selected through multistage cluster sampling from Chinese chronic disease and risk factors surveillance sample population (2013) in 302 surveillance sites. The effective sample size was 176 179 adults. After comprehensive weighting of the samples, the passive smoking exposure level and the awareness rate of related risks were analyzed...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651376/comparison-of-sampling-strategies-for-tobacco-retailer-inspections-to-maximize-coverage-in-vulnerable-areas-and-minimize-cost
#7
Joseph G L Lee, Bonnie E Shook-Sa, J Michael Bowling, Kurt M Ribisl
Introduction: In the United States, tens of thousands of inspections of tobacco retailers are conducted each year. Various sampling choices can reduce travel costs, emphasize enforcement in areas with greater non-compliance, and allow for comparability between states and over time. We sought to develop a model sampling strategy for state tobacco retailer inspections. Methods: Using a 2014 list of 10,161 North Carolina tobacco retailers, we compared results from simple random sampling; stratified, clustered at the ZIP code sampling; and, stratified, clustered at the census tract sampling...
June 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651351/applying-a-theory-driven-framework-to-guide-quality-improvement-efforts-in-nursing-homes-the-lock-model
#8
Whitney L Mills, Camilla B Pimentel, Jennifer A Palmer, A Lynn Snow, Nancy J Wewiorski, Rebecca S Allen, Christine W Hartmann
Purpose of the Study: Implementing quality improvement (QI) programs in nursing homes continues to encounter significant challenges, despite recognized need. QI approaches provide nursing home staff with opportunities to collaborate on developing and testing strategies for improving care delivery. We present a theory-driven and user-friendly adaptable framework and facilitation package to overcome existing challenges and guide QI efforts in nursing homes. Design and development: The framework is grounded in the foundational concepts of strengths-based learning, observation, relationship-based teams, efficiency, and organizational learning...
June 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651217/modeling-in-sewer-transformations-at-catchment-scale-implications-on-drug-consumption-estimates-in-wastewater-based-epidemiology
#9
Ann-Kathrin McCall, Rocco Palmitessa, Frank Blumensaat, Eberhard Morgenroth, Christoph Ort
To which extent illicit drugs are transformed during in-sewer transport, depends on a number of factors: i) substance-specific transformation rates, ii) environmental conditions, iii) point of discharge (location of drug user) and iv) sewer network properties, primarily hydraulic residence time (HRT) and the ratio of biofilm contact area to wastewater volume (A/Veq). Assessing associated uncertainties typically requires numerous simulations. Therefore, we propose a new two-step modeling framework: 1) Quantify hydrodynamic conditions...
May 20, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651164/serum-levels-of-decabromodiphenyl-ether-bde-209-in-women-from-different-european-countries-and-possible-relationships-with-lifestyle-and-diet
#10
Martin van den Berg, Remko Houba, Heather A Leslie, Rocio F Canton, Cathrine Thomsen, Georg Becher, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Jordi Sunyer Deu, Markus Steiner, Martie van Tongeren, Bert Brunekreef, Jacob de Boer
To determine possible effects of lifestyle, diet, housing and professional activities on differences in individual levels of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) in serum of women, 20 to 40years of age, in The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Norway and Spain. BDE-209 was measured in serum of 145 female volunteers with no known occupational exposure from Norway, United Kingdom, The Netherlands and Spain. Blood levels of BDE-209 in a subgroup of 40 Dutch women were determined twice at a six months' interval. An extensive questionnaire was used to obtain detailed information about lifestyle factors that might contribute to BDE-209 exposure...
June 23, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651150/cognitive-remediation-improves-executive-functions-self-regulation-and-quality-of-life-in-residents-of-a-substance-use-disorder-therapeutic-community
#11
Ely M Marceau, Jamie Berry, Joanne Lunn, Peter J Kelly, Nadia Solowij
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunction is common in substance use disorder (SUD) populations and hinders treatment. We previously found that 50% of residents in SUD therapeutic communities had been hospitalized for head injuries; this was a significant determinant of cognitive impairment. The current study aimed to establish whether cognitive remediation improves executive functions (EFs) and self-regulation in an ecologically valid sample of female residents attending SUD therapeutic community treatment, including those with past head injuries and psychiatric comorbidities...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651141/a-comparative-study-of-pilot-scale-bio-trickling-filters-with-counter-and-cross-current-flow-patterns-in-the-treatment-of-emissions-from-chemical-fibre-wastewater-treatment-plant
#12
Zhuhui Yang, Jia Liu, Jingyang Cao, Dinghe Sheng, Tingjian Cai, Jian Li
Two pilot-scale bio-trickling filters (BTFs) with counter-current and cross-current flow modes were constructed, and their performance tested, for purifying chemical fibre waste gas containing H2S, NH3 and VOCs with a maximum gas flow rate of 1008m(3)h(-1). The counter-current type of BTF presented with superior biodegradation results compared to the cross-current type: it could start up quickly, tolerated high transient shock loadings, and possessed an average contaminant removal efficiency higher than 90% with an empty bed residence time of 59s...
June 13, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651035/material-efficient-microfluidic-platform-for-exploratory-studies-of-visible-light-photoredox-catalysis
#13
Connor W Coley, Milad Abolhasani, Hongkun Lin, Klavs F Jensen
We present an automated microfluidic platform for in-flow studies of visible-light photoredox catalysis in liquid or gas-liquid reactions at the 15 μL scale. An oscillatory flow strategy enables flexible residence time while preserving the mixing and heat transfer advantages of flow systems. The adjustable photon flux possible with the platform is characterized using actinometry. Case studies of oxidative hydroxylation of phenylboronic acids and dimerization of thiophenol demonstrate the capabilities and advantages of the system...
June 26, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651031/assessment-of-fall-characteristics-from-depth-sensor-videos
#14
Jennifer J O'Connor, Lorraine J Phillips, Bunmi Folarinde, Gregory L Alexander, Marilyn Rantz
Falls are a major source of death and disability in older adults; little data, however, are available about the etiology of falls in community-dwelling older adults. Sensor systems installed in independent and assisted living residences of 105 older adults participating in an ongoing technology study were programmed to record live videos of probable fall events. Sixty-four fall video segments from 19 individuals were viewed and rated using the Falls Video Assessment Questionnaire. Raters identified that 56% (n = 36) of falls were due to an incorrect shift of body weight and 27% (n = 17) from losing support of an external object, such as an unlocked wheelchair or rolling walker...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650977/leishmania-donovani-resides-in-modified-early-endosomes-by-upregulating-rab5a-expression-via-the-downregulation-of-mir-494
#15
Jitender Kumar Verma, Ruchir Rastogi, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay
Several intracellular pathogens arrest the phagosome maturation in the host cells to avoid transport to lysosomes. In contrast, the Leishmania containing parasitophorous vacuole (PV) is shown to recruit lysosomal markers and thus Leishmania is postulated to be residing in the phagolysosomes in macrophages. Here, we report that Leishmania donovani specifically upregulates the expression of Rab5a by degrading c-Jun via their metalloprotease gp63 to downregulate the expression of miR-494 in THP-1 differentiated human macrophages...
June 26, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650872/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-a-change-initiative-in-long-term-care-using-the-interact%C3%A2-quality-improvement-program
#16
Ruth M Tappen, David G Wolf, Zahra Rahemi, Gabriella Engstrom, Carolina Rojido, Jill M Shutes, Joseph G Ouslander
Implementation of major organizational change initiatives presents a challenge for long-term care leadership. Implementation of the INTERACT® (Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers) quality improvement program, designed to improve the management of acute changes in condition and reduce unnecessary emergency department visits and hospitalizations of nursing home residents, serves as an example to illustrate the facilitators and barriers to major change in long-term care. As part of a larger study of the impact of INTERACT® on rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations, staff of 71 nursing homes were called monthly to follow-up on their progress and discuss successful facilitating strategies and any challenges and barriers they encountered during the yearlong implementation period...
June 23, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650718/subversion-of-rab5-regulated-autophagy-by-the-intracellular-pathogen-ehrlichia-chaffeensis
#17
Yasuko Rikihisa
Intracellular pathogens often exploit RAB functions to establish a safe haven in which to survive and proliferate. Ehrlichia chaffeensis, an obligatory intracellular bacterium, resides in specialized membrane-bound inclusions that have early endosome-like characteristics, e.g., resident RAB5 GTPase and RAB5 effectors, including VPS34 (the catalytic subunit of class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase), but the inclusions lack late endosomal or lysosomal markers. Within inclusions, Ehrlichia obtains host-derived nutrients by inducing RAB5-regulated autophagy using Ehrlichia translocated factor-1 deployed by its type IV secretion system...
June 26, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650413/community-priorities-for-hospital-based-prevention-initiatives-results-from-a-deliberating-public
#18
Marthe R Gold, Lindsey Realmuto, Maya Scherer, Alexandra Kamler, Linda Weiss
CONTEXT: Internal revenue service provisions require not-for-profit hospitals to provide "community benefit." In addition, the Affordable Care Act requires these hospitals to conduct community health needs assessments that involve appropriate stakeholders. These requirements signal government interest in creating opportunities for developing programs that are well tailored and responsive to the needs of the communities served. Gaining meaningful input from residents is a critical aspect of these processes...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650398/predictors-of-functional-change-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-population
#19
Allison M Gustavson, Jason R Falvey, Jeri E Forster, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Inability to obtain sufficient gains in function during a skilled nursing facility (SNF) stay impacts patients' functional trajectories and susceptibility to adverse events. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of functional change in patients temporarily residing in an SNF following hospitalization. METHODS: One hundred forty patients admitted to a single SNF from the hospital who had both evaluation and discharge measures of physical function documented were included...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650337/risk-factors-of-neonatal-mortality-in-faisalabad-pakistan
#20
Sajjad Haider Bhatti, Hiba Izzam Mamuna, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Aslam, Nosheen Aslam, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Hamad Ahmed, Muhammad Akram
The objective of study was to find out major correlates of neonatal mortality. The main focus was in determining the impact of different demographic and health related characteristics of neonates and their mothers. A planned questionnaire was prepared in order to collect the information from mothers of newborns. The data were collected from different public and private hospitals of Faisalabad district. Discharge condition of neonate (dead or alive) was taken as response. Binary logistic regression was applied in order to unveil the impact of different contributory factors on the chances of neonatal mortality...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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