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Ankle injuries in sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448827/outcomes-after-primary-repair-of-insertional-ruptures-of-the-achilles-tendon
#1
Oliver Nickolaas Schipper, Robert Bentley Anderson, Bruce E Cohen
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon insertional sleeve avulsions occur when the Achilles distal tendon sleeve ruptures off of its insertion into the calcaneal tuberosity, sometimes with a small bony fragment from calcific tendinosis. Little evidence exists describing the outcomes and rerupture rate after operative management of Achilles tendon sleeve avulsions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who sustained an Achilles sleeve avulsion injury treated with operative repair between October 2005 and July 2014...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423946/is-stiffness-related-to-athletic-groin-pain
#2
S Gore, A Franklyn-Miller, C Richter, E C Falvey, E King, K Moran
Athletic groin pain (AGP) is a common injury prevalent in field sports. One biomechanical measure that may be of importance for injury risk is stiffness. To date however, stiffness has not been examined in AGP. The primary aim was to determine if AGP affects vertical and joint stiffness and if so, whether successful rehabilitation is associated with a change in stiffness. Sixty-five male patients with AGP and fifty male controls were recruited to this study. Assessment included a biomechanical examination of stiffness during a lateral hurdle hop test...
February 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415223/a-maisonneuve-fracture-in-an-active-duty-sailor-a-case-report
#3
Ryan R Richmond, Andrew D Henebry
Maisonneuve fractures are relatively well known in the sports medicine, and orthopedic communities, however, can be commonly missed among primary care providers. The following case outlines an active duty 35-yr-old female patient who presented with acute pain on the left ankle and lower leg after she misjudged a step. The injury is a combination of high fibular and medial malleolar fractures with a disruption of the tibiofibular syndesmosis ligaments. This is a result of extreme external rotation and pronation of a fixed foot...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413771/population-based-epidemiology-of-9767-ankle-fractures
#4
Rasmus Elsoe, Svend E Ostgaard, Peter Larsen
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to provide up-to-date information concerning the incidence of ankle fractures in a large and complete population including all age groups, spanning a decade, and report the distribution of fractures, trauma mechanism and patient baseline demographics. METHODS: Population-based epidemiological study of all patients treated for an ankle fracture in a 10-year period from 2005 to 2014. RESULTS: A total of 9767 patients with ankle fractures were treated between 2005 and 2014...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412694/lateral-ankle-sprain-in-a-mouse-model-lifelong-sensorimotor-dysfunction
#5
Erik A Wikstrom, Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Sophie Guderian, Michael J Turner
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains are the most common orthopaedic injury that occurs during sport and physical activity. Many individuals who sprain their ankles develop chronic ankle instability (CAI), a condition characterized by recurrent injury, decreased physical activity, and decreased quality of life. These residual impairments are believed to persist for the remainder of the patient's life, in part due to the link between CAI and posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis. However, this belief remains speculative due to the lack of long-term prospective investigations...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409246/prospective-study-of-the-inside-out-arthroscopic-ankle-ligament-technique-preliminary-result
#6
Caio Nery, Lucas Fonseca, Fernando Raduan, Marcus Moreno, Daniel Baumfeld
BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle ligament injury is among the most common orthopedic injuries. The objective of this study is to present the preliminary prospective results of treatment using the "Inside-Out" variant of the fully arthroscopic Broström-Gould technique. METHODS: Twenty six patients were included: 20 male and 6 female, aged 19-60 years, mean 41 years. All patients had positive "anterior drawer" and "talar tilt" tests. When necessary, cartilage injuries were treated with microfracture and arthroscopic resection for anterior impingement; three patients had hindfoot varus, on whom Dwyer osteotomy was performed; one patient had peroneal tendinopathy and was treated with tendoscopic debridement and another one had partial injury of the deltoid ligament, which was treated by direct repair...
March 22, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409202/achillon-versus-open-surgery-in-acute-achilles-tendon-repair
#7
Ilhan Alcelik, Zubair M Saeed, Ben A Haughton, Rizwan Shahid, John C Alcelik, Craig Brogden, Adam Budgen
BACKGROUND: Open Achilles tendon repairs (OATR) are associated with high complication rates. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques like the Achillon Achilles tendon repair (AATR) were developed to reduce this. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare OATR with AATR. METHODS: We performed an extensive literature search including all studies that compared the two techniques. Outcomes assessed included overall complication rate, re-rupture rate, sural nerve injury, wound length, The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Scores (AOFAS) scores and return to sports...
May 4, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409077/ankle-and-foot-injuries-in-the-young-athlete
#8
Nancy A Chauvin, Camilo Jaimes, Asef Khwaja
Injuries to the ankle and foot are common in the young athlete, especially with increasing participation and high levels of competitiveness in youth sports programs. Knowledge of the normal development of the foot and ankle is crucial to understand age-specific injury patterns because acute or chronic/repetitive stress to the developing skeleton results in injuries that differ from those seen in adults. Congenital abnormalities may also predispose children to increased risk of injury and pain. Radiologists must be aware of these distinctions to diagnose and classify injuries correctly for optimum treatment...
February 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401086/comparing-functional-outcomes-following-injury-specific-fixation-of-posterior-malleolar-fractures-and-equivalent-ligamentous-injuries-in-rotational-ankle-fractures
#9
Ashley E Levack, Stephen J Warner, Elizabeth B Gausden, David L Helfet, Dean G Lorich
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of posterior bony versus ligamentous injury pattern on functional outcomes in operatively treated rotational ankle fractures DESIGN:: Retrospective cohort analysis of prospective registry SETTING:: Academic level I trauma center PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Operatively treated supination external rotation (SER) IV and pronation external rotation (PER) IV ankle fractures INTERVENTION:: Lateral malleolus plate fixation with either posterior malleolus (PM) plate fixation or posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL) repair MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:: Foot and ankle outcome scores (FAOS) at minimum 12 months post-operatively RESULTS:: 178 fractures were treated with injury-specific anatomic fixation of a PM fracture (n=122) or torn PITFL (n=56)...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387448/association-between-frontal-plane-knee-control-and-lower-extremity-injuries-a-prospective-study-on-young-team-sport-athletes
#10
Anu M Räisänen, Kati Pasanen, Tron Krosshaug, Tommi Vasankari, Pekka Kannus, Ari Heinonen, Urho M Kujala, Janne Avela, Jarmo Perttunen, Jari Parkkari
Background/aim: Poor frontal plane knee control can manifest as increased dynamic knee valgus during athletic tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between frontal plane knee control and the risk of acute lower extremity injuries. In addition, we wanted to study if the single-leg squat (SLS) test can be used as a screening tool to identify athletes with an increased injury risk. Methods: A total of 306 basketball and floorball players participated in the baseline SLS test and a 12-month injury registration follow-up...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373057/athletic-training-service-characteristics-for-patients-with-ankle-sprains-sustained-during-high-school-athletics
#11
Janet E Simon, Erik A Wikstrom, Dustin R Grooms, Carrie L Docherty, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Limited information exists on the amount and type of care provided by athletic trainers (ATs) treating athletes who sustained ankle sprains in the high school setting. OBJECTIVE:   To describe AT services provided for patients with ankle sprains injured in high school athletics. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Athletic training facility (ATF) visits and AT services collected from 147 high schools in 26 states...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332470/a-school-based-neuromuscular-training-program-and-sport-related-injury-incidence-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Jane C Khoury, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:   An estimated 40 million school-aged children (age range = 5-18 years) participate annually in sports in the United States, generating approximately 4 million sport-related injuries and requiring 2.6 million emergency department visits at a cost of nearly $2 billion. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effects of a school-based neuromuscular training (NMT) program on sport-related injury incidence across 3 sports at the high school and middle school levels, focusing particularly on knee and ankle injuries...
January 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327826/correlation-between-hypermobility-score-and-injury-rate-in-artistic-gymnastics
#13
Bojan Bukva, Goran Vrgoč, Dejan Madić, Goran Sporiš, Nebojša Trajković
BACKGROUND: Generalized Joint Hypermobility (GJH) is suggested as a contributing factor for injuries in young athletes and adults. It is presumed that GJH causes decreased joint stability, thereby increasing the risk of joint and soft tissue injuries during sports activities. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the hypermobility rate (using the Beighton`s modification of the Carter-Wilkinson criteria of hypermobility) in gymnasts and injury rate, during the period of one year...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318177/injury-recurrence-among-high-school-athletes-in-the-united-states-a-decade-of-patterns-and-trends-2005-2006-through-2015-2016
#14
K Linnea Welton, Matthew J Kraeutler, Lauren A Pierpoint, Justin H Bartley, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
Background: As participation in high school athletics increases, so does the number of adolescents experiencing sports-related injury. Understanding injury patterns is an important component to developing and evaluating prevention and rehabilitation programs. Purpose: To analyze recurrent injury rates and patterns among high school athletes, to compare recurrent injuries with new injuries, and to evaluate injury trends over time. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318174/sagittal-plane-hip-knee-and-ankle-biomechanics-and-the-risk-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-a-prospective-study
#15
Mari Leppänen, Kati Pasanen, Tron Krosshaug, Pekka Kannus, Tommi Vasankari, Urho M Kujala, Roald Bahr, Jarmo Perttunen, Jari Parkkari
Background: Stiff landings with less knee flexion and high vertical ground-reaction forces have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The literature on the association between other sagittal plane measures and the risk of ACL injuries with a prospective study design is lacking. Purpose: To investigate the relationship between selected sagittal plane hip, knee, and ankle biomechanics and the risk of ACL injury in young female team-sport athletes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315449/trends-and-epidemiology-of-tennis-related-sprains-strains-in-the-united-states-2010-to-2016
#16
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Jared M Newman, Neil V Shah, Neel Pancholi, John Holliman, Nipun Sodhi, Ahmed Eldib, Qais Naziri, Bashir A Zikria, John P Reilly, Scott E Barbash, William P Urban
BACKGROUND: While tennis is one of the most popular sports in the world, it predisposes those who play it to a number of injuries. Several studies have shown sprains/strains to be the most common tennis-related injury. However, data is limited regarding trends in tennis-related sprains/strains. Therefore, this study evaluated: 1) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains; 2) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains by age; and 3) trends in the most common tennis-related sprained/strained body parts...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273251/outcomes-and-complications-following-endoscopically-assisted-percutaneous-achilles-tendon-repair
#17
Chamnanni Rungprai, Phinit Phisitkul
PURPOSE: To review functional and clinical outcomes as well as complications in patients who underwent endoscopically assisted percutaneous Achilles tendon repair using 4-strand core suture configuration via a 6-portal technique. METHODS: A retrospective chart review with prospectively collected data was performed in 23 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopically assisted percutaneous Achilles tendon repair between 2008 and 2015. The minimum follow-up to be included in the study was 24 months...
December 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261271/managing-dislocations-of-the-hip-knee-and-ankle-in-the-emergency-department-digest
#18
Caylyne Arnold, Zane Fayos, David Bruner, Dylan Arnold, Nachi Gupta, Jeffrey Nusbaum
Dislocation of the major joints of the lower extremities--hip, knee, and ankle--can occur due to motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and sports injuries. Hip dislocations are the most common, and they require emergent management to prevent avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Knee dislocations are uncommon but potentially dangerous injuries that can result in amputation due to the potential for missed secondary injury, especially if they are reduced spontaneously. Isolated ankle dislocations are relatively rare, as most ankle dislocations involve an associated fracture...
December 20, 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249082/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-playing-competitive-team-bat-or-stick-sports-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Nirmala Kanthi Panagodage Perera, Corey Joseph, Joanne Lyn Kemp, Caroline Frances Finch
BACKGROUND: Team bat-or-stick sports, including cricket, softball and hockey, are popular among women. However, little is known about the injury profile in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the incidence, nature and anatomical location of injuries in bat-or-stick sports played by women in a competitive league. METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42015026715). CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, SPORTDiscus were systematically searched from January 2000 to September 2016, inclusive...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228442/a-novel-boswellic-acids-delivery-form-casperome%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-review
#20
A Riva, P Allegrini, F Franceschi, S Togni, L Giacomelli, R Eggenhoffner
Standard pharmacological treatment of musculoskeletal conditions is often associated with relevant side effects. Botanical preparations endowed with a good tolerability profile, therefore, could have a role in the management of these disorders. Among different natural products, Boswellia serrata extracts have long been used for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, given their marked anti-inflammatory activity and their ability to promote tissue regeneration. However, standard preparations of Boswellia serrata show overall modest pharmacokinetic properties, a limitation which may ultimately lead to reduced efficacy...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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