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Ankle injuries in sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210029/gender-related-differences-in-lower-limb-alignment-range-of-joint-motion-and-the-incidence-of-sports-injuries-in-japanese-university-athletes
#1
Yasuhiro Mitani
[Purpose] To investigate the gender-related differences in lower limb alignment, range of joint motion, and history of lower limb sports injuries in Japanese university athletes. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 224 Japanese university athletes (154 males and 70 females). The quadriceps angle (Q-angle), arch height index, and ranges of internal and external rotation of the hip joints were measured. History of lower limb sports injury was surveyed using a questionnaire. [Results] Females had a significantly higher Q-angle and hip joint internal rotation angle and a significantly lower arch height index than males...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187890/evaluation-of-a-smartphone-based-assessment-system-in-subjects-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#2
Ya-Lan Chiu, Yi-Ju Tsai, Chueh-Ho Lin, You-Ruei Hou, Wen-Hsu Sung
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is the most common sports-related injury, and approximately 80% of patients studied suffered recurrent sprains. These repeated ankle injuries could cause chronic ankle instability, a decrease in sports performance, and a decrease in postural control ability. At the present time, smartphones have become very popular and powerful devices, and smartphone applications (apps) that have been shown to have good validity have been designed to measure human body motion...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180114/paddle-boarding-fun-new-sport-or-an-accident-waiting-to-happen
#3
Shree-Eesh Waydia, Timothy Woodacre
BACKGROUND: Stand-up paddle-boarding is an increasingly popular water sport; however no published data to our knowledge exists on the nature and type of injuries sustained in this sport. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the frequency, pattern, and mechanism of paddle-boarding injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive data of paddle-boarding injuries were collected using an interactive website-based, multiple-choice survey. Data were collected from May 2012 over a 6-month period...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173717/double-plating-of-distal-fibula-fractures
#4
Danica D Vance, J Turner Vosseller
INTRODUCTION: Distal fibula fractures are common orthopaedic injuries that often require open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) to anatomically reduce the fracture and minimize the risk of posttraumatic arthritis. In certain clinical situations, stouter fixation may be advantageous to decrease the risk of fixation failure. In this study, the authors report on 12 patients who underwent distal fibula ORIF with 2 one-third tubular plates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients who underwent distal fibula ORIF with 2 one-third tubular plates were retrospectively reviewed...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151702/the-athletic-shoe-in-football
#5
James Jastifer, Richard Kent, Jeff Crandall, Chris Sherwood, David Lessley, Kirk A McCullough, Michael J Coughlin, Robert B Anderson
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle injuries are common in sports, particularly in cleated athletes. Traditionally, the athletic shoe has not been regarded as a piece of protective equipment but rather as a part of the uniform, with a primary focus on performance and subjective feedback measures of comfort. Changes in turf and shoe design have poorly understood implications on the health and safety of players. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search of the MEDLINE and PubMed databases was conducted...
February 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#6
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT:  Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN:  Controlled laboratory study...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127637/-motor-skills-and-safety-of-patients-with-bi-or-trimalleolar-ankle-injury-comparison-with-healthy-active-age-matched-control-subjects
#7
Dana Loudovici-Krug, Monique Benkenstein, Steffen Derlien, Norman Best
OBJECTIVE: Do patients with bi- or trimalleolar ankle injury show differences in motor skills and safety in comparison with healthy, active, age-matched control subjects? STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled cross-sectional study. METHODS: Inclusion of 17 patients with bi- or trimalleolar ankle injury (mean 1.5 years postsurgery) and 23 healthy, active subjects of comparable age (fitness studio). Measurement instruments: motor test procedures and questionnaires...
January 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118030/the-epidemiology-of-severe-injuries-sustained-by-national-collegiate-athletic-association-student-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#8
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Aaron D Gray, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:  Few researchers have described the incidence of the most severe injuries sustained by student-athletes at the collegiate level. OBJECTIVE:  To describe the epidemiology of severe injuries within 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:  Aggregate injury and exposure data from 25 NCAA sports...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114974/a-misdiagnosed-case-of-osteoid-osteoma-of-the-talus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Huan He, Hailin Xu, Hao Lu, Yu Dang, Wei Huang, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a common benign bone tumour that is rarely found in the talus. Its nidus is difficult to detect on early imaging. The atypical symptoms of OO and the presence of concurrent trauma or sports injuries may lead to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. We herein analyse a case of misdiagnosis of OO of the talus and discuss how to improve the early diagnosis of this rare lesion, thereby permitting rapid treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old man with a history of left ankle sprains and chronic pain was diagnosed with another ankle sprain and managed conservatively based on normal X-ray findings...
January 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110390/operative-treatment-of-lateral-ligament-instability
#10
REVIEW
Rachel J Shakked, Sydney Karnovsky, Mark C Drakos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ankle sprains, which account for 40% of sports injuries in the USA, can lead to chronic ankle instability. Chronic ankle instability can be classified as functional, mechanical, or a combination of both and is diagnosed using a combination of a physical exam, an MRI, and stress radiographs. This review focuses on different approaches to treatment, including non-operative and operative techniques, of chronic ankle instability, including reviewing traditional procedures as well as more novel and newer techniques...
January 21, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105865/lower-extremity-variability-changes-with-drop-landing-height-manipulations
#11
Andrew D Nordin, Janet S Dufek
Landing is a common lower extremity injury mechanism in sport, with potential connections to movement control accessed through variability measures. We investigated intra-subject lower extremity variability changes following drop-landing height manipulations using standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV) among lower extremity peak sagittal joint angles and moments. Fourteen healthy participants completed five drop-landing trials from five heights 20%, 60%, 100%, 140% and 180% maximum vertical jump height (MVJH)...
January 20, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100124/compelling-overuse-injury-incidence-in-youth-multisport-athletes
#12
Abdallah Rejeb, Amanda Johnson, Roel Vaeyens, Cosmin Horobeanu, Abdulaziz Farooq, Erik Witvrouw
The present investigation was carried out to examine the incidence and pattern of injuries in adolescent multisport athletes from youth sports academy. Injury data were prospectively collected from 166 athletes during the seasons from 2009 to 2014. A total of 643 injuries were identified, 559 (87.0%) were time-loss injuries. The overall injury incidence was 5.5 (95% confidence interval CI: 5.1-6.0), the incidence of time-loss injuries was 4.8 (95% CI: 4.4-5.2), the incidence of growth conditions was 1.2 (95% CI: 1...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038317/risk-factors-for-lower-leg-ankle-and-foot-injuries-during-basic-military-training-in-the-maltese-armed-forces
#13
Matthew Psaila, Craig Ranson
OBJECTIVES: Basic military training is physically and psychologically demanding placing recruits at high risk of injury and premature discharge. This study aimed to identify risk factors for lower leg, ankle and foot injury in Maltese military recruits during basic training. DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. SETTING: An armed forces barracks. PARTICIPANTS: 127 recruits commencing one basic military training course agreed to participate in the study...
September 6, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033652/high-ankle-injury-rate-in-adolescent-basketball-a-3-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#14
K Pasanen, T Ekola, T Vasankari, P Kannus, A Heinonen, U M Kujala, J Parkkari
This prospective study investigated the incidence and pattern of acute time-loss injuries in young female and male basketball players. Eight basketball teams (n=201; mean age 14.85±1.5) participated in the follow-up study (2011-2014). The coaches recorded player participation in practices and games on a team diary. A study physician contacted the teams once a week to check new injuries and interviewed the injured players. In total, 158 injuries occurred. The overall rate of injury (per 1000 hours) was 2.64 (95% CI 2...
December 29, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030532/the-application-of-a-simple-surveillance-method-for-detecting-the-prevalence-and-impact-of-overuse-injuries-in-professional-men-s-basketball
#15
K Weiss, M McGuigan, T Besier, C Whatman
The aim of this study was to use the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) overuse injury questionnaire to record overuse injuries over a single season for a men's professional basketball team in order to; (i) assess the prevalence and severity of overuse injuries and (ii) determine the efficacy of this method in identifying overuse injuries in comparison to the team physiotherapist's detection of these injuries. Thirteen athletes from a men's professional basketball team participated in this study. The self-reported, OSTRC injury questionnaire was used to record overuse conditions of the ankle, knee, lower back over an entire 24-week season...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999731/clinical-commentary-on-midfoot-and-forefoot-involvement-in-lateral-ankle-sprains-and-chronic-ankle-instability-part-2-clinical-considerations
#16
John J Fraser, Mark A Feger, Jay Hertel
Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) and chronic ankle instability (CAI) are common musculoskeletal injuries that are a result of inversion injury during sport. The midfoot and forefoot is frequently injured during a LAS, is often overlooked during clinical examination, and maybe contributory to the development of CAI. The purpose of part two of this clinical commentary and current concept review is to increase clinician's awareness of the contribution of midfoot and forefoot impairment to functional limitation and disability of individuals who experience LAS and CAI and to facilitate future research in this area...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993625/how-knowledge-relates-to-confidence-in-orthopedics-and-emergency-medicine-regarding-return-to-sport-and-rehabilitation-in-foot-and-ankle-trauma
#17
Sarah Johnson-Lynn, David Townshend
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to survey the knowledge of registrars in emergency medicine and orthopedics on 5 common injuries to the foot and ankle and compare this knowledge, and self-reported confidence in giving it, with that of consultants and physiotherapists of various levels of experience. DESIGN: An online survey was used to gather the information using scenario-based open and closed questions. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 102 health care professionals, who regularly deal with sports injuries, were recruited...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992287/evaluating-postural-control-and-ankle-laxity-between-taping-and-high-top-cleats-in-high-school-football-players
#18
Douglas A Pizac, Charles B Swanik, Joseph J Glutting, Thomas W Kaminski
CONTEXT: Lateral ankle sprains are the most common injuries in high school sports. While ankle taping is a preferred method of external prophylactic support, its restrictive properties decline during exercise. The Under Armour® Highlight cleat is marketed on the premise that it provides added support without the need for additional ankle taping. OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences in ankle joint laxity and postural control exist between football players wearing the Under Armour® Highlight cleat (Baltimore, MD) as compared to a low/mid-top cleat with ankle tape...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984832/-injuries-in-karate-sports-a-survey-performed-during-the-world-championship-2014
#19
T Tischer, B Lembcke, M Ellenrieder, Ä Glass, W Weigert, W Mittelmeier
Background: In literature, the competitive sport of modern karate is almost always characterised as a combat sport involving injuries caused by impact effects and physical contact with opponents. There is a lack of data regarding the outcome after karate injuries, specifically with a view to the contact-free Kata karate. Methods: Performing a random test using a questionnaire, we collected data concerning regular medical treatment, prior surgeries of the locomotor system, and medical care. This study included 300 athletes from 65 countries (average age: 24...
December 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984688/-ankle-fracture-in-adolescents-triplanar-injury-associated-to-fracture-of-leg
#20
D Cuzmar-Grimalt, M Escudero-Heldt, J T Aldunate-González, N Plaza-Guzmán
the vast mayority of epiphyseal children fractures could be classified according to Salter Harris. There are other types of patterns such as triplanar and Tillaux fractures. The former is a complex type with fracture lines in sagital, axial and frontal planes. These fractures have main complications such as early epiphyseal closure, mechanical axis malalignment and gait disturbances. A clinical case is pictured which had a tibial shaft and ipsilateral triplanar fracture, this complex scenario of rare ocurrence was treated with reduction and osteosynthesis of both fractures...
May 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
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