keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SAD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145077/stability-of-the-diagnosis-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-in-a-long-term-prospective-study
#1
Marie-Laure Cléry-Melin, Philip Gorwood, Serge Friedman, Christian Even
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is mainly characterized by a seasonal pattern of depressive recurrences over the years. However, few studies have been conducted on the long-term course of patients with SAD, whose findings raised questions about the diagnosis stability over time. This study aimed to better characterize the diagnosis evolution, and determine prognosis markers. METHODS: An initial cohort of 225 outpatients diagnosed as having a SAD, was assessed at baseline (T1) for clinical symptoms and response to bright light therapy...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144964/biocultural-approach-of-the-association-between-maturity-and-physical-activity-in-youth
#2
André O Werneck, Danilo R P Silva, Paul Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Enio R V Ronque, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
OBJECTIVE: To test the biocultural model through direct and indirect associations between biological maturation, adiposity, cardiorespiratory fitness, sadness, social relationships, and physical activity in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1152 Brazilian adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Somatic maturation was estimated through Mirwald's method (peak height velocity). Physical activity was assessed through Baecke questionnaire (occupational, leisure, and sport contexts)...
November 13, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144155/proposal-of-cutoff-points-for-pediatric-daytime-sleepiness-scale-to-identify-excessive-daytime-sleepiness
#3
Carolina Meyer, Diego Grasel Barbosa, Geraldo Jose Ferrari Junior, Rubian Diego Andrade, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Andreia Pelegrini, Érico Pereira Gomes Felden
The objective of the present study was to propose cutoff points for the Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS) through sensitivity and specificity analyses in order to identify excessive daytime sleepiness, considering parameters such as duration and quality of sleep, health perception, stress control and depressive moods (feelings of sadness) in adolescents. A total of 1,132 adolescents, aged 14-19 years old, of both sexes, from the public high school of São José - SC, answered the questionnaire with information on age, daytime sleepiness, sleep duration, health perception, stress management, depressive moods (feelings of sadness) and quality of sleep...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138541/the-effect-of-peer-support-in-adults-with-insulin-pump-treated-type-1-diabetes-a-pilot-study-of-a-flexible-and-participatory-intervention
#4
Lene Eide Joensen, Merete Meldgaard Andersen, Sabrina Jensen, Kirsten Nørgaard, Ingrid Willaing
Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of a flexible and participatory peer support intervention in a clinical setting for adults with type 1 diabetes treated with an insulin pump, focusing on enhancing diabetes-specific social capital. The key questions were as follows: 1) what effects are appropriate to expect, according to participants? and 2) to what extent did these effects occur? Methods: Two peer support intervention programs were conducted in a diabetes specialist clinic (N=30)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138093/electrophysiological-correlates-of-performance-monitoring-under-social-observation-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#5
Rolf Voegler, Jutta Peterburs, Hannah Lemke, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Roman Liepelt, Thomas Straube
Previous research suggests that electrophysiological correlates of performance monitoring, in particular the error-related negativity (ERN), vary according to psychopathology and context factors. The present study examined the effect of social context on behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of performance monitoring in healthy adult subjects and in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Participants performed two runs of a Go/NoGo flanker task in different social conditions: in the observation condition, they were observed by a confederate while performing the task, whereas there was no observation in the control condition...
November 11, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136514/rejection-sensitivity-interpersonal-rejection-and-attention-for-emotional-facial-expressions
#6
Morganne A Kraines, Lucas J A Kelberer, Tony T Wells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rejection sensitivity (RS), attention for depression-relevant stimuli, and interpersonal rejection are established risk factors for depression. RS has previously been associated with increased attention for socially threatening faces, but has not been examined in the context of specifically depression-relevant stimuli. The current study examined whether RS influences attention for emotional facial expressions in the context of social rejection or inclusion. METHODS: Participants (n = 180) completed a self-report measure of RS and a free viewing eye tracking task before and after an experimental task (Cyberball) in which participants were randomized to be included or rejected...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136103/personality-and-primary-emotional-traits-disentangling-multiple-sclerosis-related-fatigue-and-depression
#7
Cornelia Sindermann, Jochen Saliger, Jörn Nielsen, Hans Karbe, Sebastian Markett, Maria Stavrou, Christian Montag
Objective: It remains an unresolved research objective to clarify the overlap/association between fatigue (especially its cognitive facet) and depression in People with MS (PwMS). Therefore, in this study the patterns of personality and primary emotional traits (PETs) associated with each (motoric/cognitive fatigue and depression in PwMS) were investigated and compared in order to disentangle the three constructs in PwMS. Additionally, differences in personality and PETs between PwMS and healthy controls (HC) were examined...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135293/-from-the-hallervorden-spatz-eponym-to-the-molecular-terminology
#8
Ferenc Garzuly
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: A combination of Niemann-Pick- and Hallervorden-Spatz diseases led to the death of a 17-year-old boy in 1994. Genetic counseling necessitated further investigations in 2017. Meanwhile, the nomenclature of Hallervorden-Spatz disease has been abandoned. The author analyze the reasons for this change. METHOD: Professional activities of Hallervorden and Spatz during and after the Nazi euthanasia program are presented. Also, the scientific efforts that led to the discovery of the genetic background of the disease and ultimately to its new name are highlighted...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134961/the-impact-of-combinations-of-alcohol-nicotine-and-cannabis-on-dynamic-brain-connectivity
#9
Victor M Vergara, Barbara J Weiland, Kent Hutchison, Vince D Calhoun
Alcohol, nicotine and cannabis are among the most commonly used drugs. A prolonged and combined use of these substances can alter normal brain wiring in different ways depending on the consumed cocktail mixture. Brain connectivity alterations and their change with time can be assessed using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) because of its spatial and temporal content. Here, we estimated dynamic functional network connectivity (dFNC) as derived from fMRI data to investigate the effects of single or combined use of alcohol, nicotine and cannabis...
November 14, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134544/a-broader-phenotype-of-persistence-emerges-from-individual-differences-in-response-to-extinction
#10
Bruno Sauce, Christopher Wass, Michael Lewis, Louis D Matzel
The typical practice of averaging group performance during extinction gives the impression that responding declines gradually and homogeneously. However, previous studies of extinction in human infants have shown that some individuals persist in responding, whereas others abruptly cease responding. As predicted by theories of control, the infants who quickly resign typically display signs of sadness and despair when the expected reward is omitted. Using genetically diverse mice, here we observed a similar pattern of individual differences and the associated phenotypes...
November 13, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127945/attention-and-interpretation-bias-modification-treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-efficacy-and-synergy
#11
Reut Naim, Yogev Kivity, Yair Bar-Haim, Jonathan D Huppert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Attention bias modification treatment (ABMT) and cognitive bias modification of interpretation (CBM-I) both have demonstrated efficacy in alleviating social anxiety, but how they compare with each other, their combination, and with a combined control condition has not been studied. We examined their relative and combined efficacy compared to control conditions in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: Ninety-five adults diagnosed with social anxiety disorder (SAD), were randomly allocated to 4 groups: ABMT + CBM-I control (hereafter ABMT; n = 23), CBM-I + ABMT control (hereafter CBM-I; n = 24), combined ABMT + CBM-I (n = 23), and combined control (n = 25)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127407/crystal-structure-of-borrelia-turicatae-protein-bta121-a-differentially-regulated-%C3%A2-gene-in-the-tick-mammalian-transmission-cycle-of-relapsing-fever-spirochetes
#12
Zhipu Luo, Alan J Kelleher, Rabih Darwiche, Elissa M Hudspeth, Oluwatosin K Shittu, Aparna Krishnavajhala, Roger Schneiter, Job E Lopez, Oluwatoyin A Asojo
Tick-borne relapsing fever (RF) borreliosis is a neglected disease that is often misdiagnosed. RF species circulating in the United States include Borrelia turicatae, which is transmitted by argasid ticks. Environmental adaptation by RF Borrelia is poorly understood, however our previous studies indicated differential regulation of B. turicatae genes localized on the 150 kb linear megaplasmid during the tick-mammalian transmission cycle, including bta121. This gene is up-regulated by B. turicatae in the tick versus the mammal, and the encoded protein (BTA121) is predicted to be surface localized...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125957/a-network-perspective-on-comorbid-depression-in-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Payton J Jones, Patrick Mair, Bradley C Riemann, Beth L Mugno, Richard J McNally
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder [OCD] frequently suffer from depression, a comorbidity associated with greater symptom severity and suicide risk. We examined the associations between OCD and depression symptoms in 87 adolescents with primary OCD. We computed an association network, a graphical LASSO, and a directed acyclic graph (DAG) to model symptom interactions. Models showed OCD and depression as separate syndromes linked by bridge symptoms. Bridges between the two disorders emerged between obsessional problems in the OCD syndrome, and guilt, concentration problems, and sadness in the depression syndrome...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125804/acceptance-and-perceived-usefulness-of-robots-to-assist-with-activities-of-daily-living-and-healthcare-tasks
#14
Amanda K Hall, Uba Backonja, Ian Painter, Maya Cakmak, Minjung Sung, Timothy Lau, Hilaire J Thompson, George Demiris
As the number of older adults living with chronic conditions continues to rise, they will require assistance with activities of daily living (ADL) and healthcare tasks to continue living independently in their homes. One proposed solution to assist with the care needs of an aging population and a shrinking healthcare workforce is robotic technology. Using a cross-sectional survey design, we purposively sampled adults (≥18 years old) to assess generational acceptance and perceived usefulness of robots to assist with ADLs, healthcare tasks, and evaluate acceptance of robotic healthcare assistance across different settings...
November 10, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125487/differential-pattern-of-phospholipid-profile%C3%A2-in-the-temporal-cortex-from-e280a-familiar-and-sporadic-alzheimer-s%C3%A2-disease-brains
#15
Javier Gustavo Villamil-Ortiz, Alvaro Barrera-Ocampo, Julián David Arias-Londoño, Andrés Villegas, Francisco Lopera, Gloria Patricia Cardona-Gómez
Lipids are considered important factors in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we realized a comparative analysis of the phospholipid profile and phospholipid composition of the temporal cortex from E280A-familiar AD (FAD), sporadic AD (SAD), and healthy human brains. Findings showed a significant decrease of lysophosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine formed by low levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (20 : 4, 22 : 6) in AD brains. However, phosphatidylethanolamine-ceramide and phosphoglycerol were significantly increased in SAD, conformed by high levels of (18 : 0/18 : 1) and (30/32/36 : 0/1/2), respectively...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119854/sense-or-sensibility-social-sharers-evaluations-of-socio-affective-vs-cognitive-support-in-response-to-negative-emotions
#16
Lisanne S Pauw, Disa A Sauter, Gerben A van Kleef, Agneta H Fischer
When in emotional distress, people often turn to others for social support. A general distinction has been made between two types of support that are differentially effective: Whereas socio-affective support temporarily alleviates emotional distress, cognitive support may contribute to better long-term recovery. In the current studies, we examine what type of support individuals seek. We first confirmed in a pilot study that these two types of support can be reliably distinguished. Then, in Study 1, we experimentally tested participants' support evaluations in response to different emotional situations using a vignette methodology...
November 9, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119313/the-effect-of-emotional-state-on-the-processing-of-morphosyntactic-and-semantic-reversal-anomalies-in-japanese-evidence-from-event-related-brain-potentials
#17
Masataka Yano, Yui Suzuki, Masatoshi Koizumi
The present study examined the locus responsible for the effect of emotional state on sentence processing in healthy native speakers of Japanese, using event-related brain potentials. The participants were induced into a happy, neutral, or sad mood and then subjected to electroencephalogram recording during which emotionally neutral sentences, including grammatical sentences (e.g. window-NOM close vi, 'The window closes.'), morphosyntactically-violated sentences (e.g. window-ACC close vi, Lit. 'Close the window...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113610/the-impact-of-a-visual-arts-program-on-quality-of-life-communication-and-well-being-of-people-living-with-dementia-a-mixed-methods-longitudinal-investigation
#18
Gill Windle, Karlijn J Joling, Teri Howson-Griffiths, Bob Woods, Catrin Hedd Jones, Peter M van de Ven, Andrew Newman, Clive Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Research reviews highlight methodological limitations and gaps in the evidence base for the arts in dementia care. In response, we developed a 12-week visual art program and evaluated the impact on people living with dementia through a mixed-methods longitudinal investigation. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five people living with mild to severe dementia were recruited across three research settings in England and Wales (residential care homes, a county hospital, and community venues)...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111006/a-complex-association-between-abca7-genotypes-and-blood-lipid-levels-in-southern-chinese-han-patients-of-sporadic-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Hui Li, Jinxia Zhou, Zongwei Yue, Li Feng, Zhaohui Luo, Si Chen, Xiaosu Yang, Bo Xiao
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive cognitive decline. It can be divided into familial AD (FAD) and sporadic AD (SAD) based on the family history. Recently dysregulation of cholesterol homeostasis has been implicated in the development of late-onset AD. ATP-binding cassette transporter A7 (ABCA7) gene, regulating the transport of cholesterol, has been recently identified as a susceptible gene of AD by several large genome-wide association studies...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110788/worldwide-trends-in-heart-and-lung-transplantation-guarding-the-most-precious-gift-ever
#20
REVIEW
Vera von Dossow, Joseph Costa, Frank D'Ovidio, Nandor Marczin
Transplantation is sadly a therapy to die for. The survival of a recipient with end-stage heart or lung disease requires the demise of a human being through brain death or cessation of circulation, with the noblest final act of offering one's organs to another. However, transplantation is constrained by severe hemodynamic, regulatory, inflammatory, and metabolic stresses in the donor, rendering the majority of offered organs unsuitable for transplantation. Coupled with our inability to acquire exact molecular and cellular information and missed opportunities for effectively modulating deteriorations of donors and allografts, anesthesia and critical care contributes to ongoing organ shortages...
June 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
keyword
keyword
39311
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"