keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SAD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812274/oxytocin-and-anxiety-disorders
#1
Michael G Gottschalk, Katharina Domschke
In the present chapter, we review the literature focusing on oxytocin (OT)-centered research in anxiety spectrum conditions, comprising separation anxiety disorder, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and anxiety-related endophenotypes (e.g., trust behavior, behavioral inhibition, neuroticism, and state/trait anxiety). OT receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms have been implicated in gene-environment interactions with attachment style and childhood maltreatment and to influence clinical outcomes, including SAD intensity and limbic responsiveness...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811112/exogenous-testosterone-affects-early-threat-processing-in-socially-anxious-and-healthy-women
#2
Jacobien M van Peer, Dorien Enter, Henk van Steenbergen, Philip Spinhoven, Karin Roelofs
Testosterone plays an important role in social threat processing. Recent evidence suggests that testosterone administration has socially anxiolytic effects, but it remains unknown whether this involves early vigilance or later, more sustained, processing-stages. We investigated the acute effects of testosterone administration on social threat processing in 19 female patients with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) and 19 healthy controls. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during an emotional Stroop task with subliminally presented faces...
August 12, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810437/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-emotions-and-eating-behaviour-in-normal-and-overweight-adult-populations
#3
Tracey J Devonport, Wendy Nicholls, Christopher Fullerton
A systematic review was completed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A comprehensive search of four electronic databases (2004-2015) yielded 60,017 articles, of which 29 met inclusion criteria. Included studies performed poorly on data quality analysis in terms of randomisation and controlling for confounding factors. Participant's body mass index scores range from 19.73 (standard deviation = 1.54) to 28.4 (standard deviation = 1.4) kg/m(2)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807703/is-early-palliative-care-feasible-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#4
Josep Porta-Sales, Maria Guerrero-Torrelles, Deborah Moreno-Alonso, Josep Sarra-Escarre, Victòria Clapés-Puig, Jordi Trelis-Navarro, Anna Sureda-Balarí, Alberto Fernández De Sevilla-Ribosa
CONTEXT: Evidence for the benefits of early palliative care (EPC) in patients with solid tumors is strong, but EPC has received scant attention in hematological malignancies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefits of outpatient-based EPC for symptom control in patients with multiple myeloma. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients attending the Multiple Myeloma Palliative Care Clinic (MM-PAL) at our hospital in the year 2013 (February 1 - December 31)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806742/dissociating-maternal-responses-to-sad-and-happy-facial-expressions-of-their-own-child-an-fmri-study
#5
Dorothea Kluczniok, Catherine Hindi Attar, Jenny Stein, Sina Poppinga, Thomas Fydrich, Charlotte Jaite, Viola Kappel, Romuald Brunner, Sabine C Herpertz, Katja Boedeker, Felix Bermpohl
BACKGROUND: Maternal sensitive behavior depends on recognizing one's own child's affective states. The present study investigated distinct and overlapping neural responses of mothers to sad and happy facial expressions of their own child (in comparison to facial expressions of an unfamiliar child). METHODS: We used functional MRI to measure dissociable and overlapping activation patterns in 27 healthy mothers in response to happy, neutral and sad facial expressions of their own school-aged child and a gender- and age-matched unfamiliar child...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802727/brain-activation-during-processing-of-genuine-facial-emotion-in-depression-preliminary-findings
#6
REVIEW
Samantha J Groves, Toni L Pitcher, Tracy R Melzer, Jennifer Jordan, Janet D Carter, Gin S Malhi, Lucy C Johnston, Richard J Porter
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to examine the neural correlates of processing genuine compared with posed emotional expressions, in depressed and healthy subjects using a novel functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) paradigm METHOD: During fMRI scanning, sixteen depressed patients and ten healthy controls performed an Emotion Categorisation Task, whereby participants were asked to distinguish between genuine and non-genuine (posed or neutral) facial displays of happiness and sadness...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802301/sleep-duration-s-association-with-diet-physical-activity-mental-status-and-weight-among-korean-high-school-students
#7
Jounghee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sleep deprivation is a critical public health problem, especially in Korean adolescents. This study aimed to identify the association between sleep duration and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental status, and nutritional status among high school students in South Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Based on the data collected from the 2014 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 31,407 high school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected and the association between sleep duration and selected health risk factors was identified using multivariable logistic regression models...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800789/indicators-of-poorly-controlled-asthma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-children-in-the-united-states
#8
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled asthma has far-reaching effects on school-age children and their parents, but little is knownabout the national impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To examine HRQoL associated with asthma and indicators of poorly controlled asthma in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of HRQoL among school-age children (age range, 6-17 years) with asthma in the nationally representative 2007-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
August 11, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799677/text-message-reminders-for-improving-patient-appointment-adherence-in-an-office-based-buprenorphine-program-a-feasibility-study
#9
Babak Tofighi, Frank Grazioli, Sewit Bereket, Ellie Grossman, Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs, Joshua David Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Missed visits are common in office-based buprenorphine treatment (OBOT). The feasibility of text message (TM) appointment reminders among OBOT patients is unknown. METHODS: This 6-month prospective cohort study provided TM reminders to OBOT program patients (N = 93). A feasibility survey was completed following delivery of TM reminders and at 6 months. RESULTS: Respondents reported that the reminders should be provided to all OBOT patients (100%) and helped them to adhere to their scheduled appointment (97%)...
August 11, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797822/mental-health-nurses-emotions-exposure-to-patient-aggression-attitudes-to-and-use-of-coercive-measures-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#10
Rahul Jalil, Jorg W Huber, Judith Sixsmith, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses are exposed to patient aggression, and required to manage and de-escalate aggressive incidents; coercive measures such as restraint and seclusion should only be used as a last resort. An improved understanding of links between nurses' exposure to aggression, attitudes to, and actual involvement in, coercive measures, and their emotions (anger, guilt, fear, fatigue, sadness), could inform preparation and education for prevention and management of violence...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796560/facial-emotion-decoding-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Marco De Risi, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Angelo Picardi, Sara Casciato, Liliana G Grammaldo, Alfredo D'Aniello, Deborah Lanni, Stefano Meletti, Nicola Modugno
PURPOSE: In line with the growing attention on non-motor symptoms and disturbance of affective and emotional processing in Parkinson's disease, we aimed to study different aspects of facial emotion expression evaluation in a group of PD without cognitive decline in treatment with common antiparkinsonian drugs, matched for sex, age, and education with healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 30 patients (13 male; mean age: 63.3±6.7; mean age of disease onset: 56...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795433/schwann-cell-dedifferentiation-associated-demyelination-leads-to-exocytotic-myelin-clearance-in-inflammatory-segmental-demyelination
#12
So Young Jang, Byeol-A Yoon, Yoon Kyung Shin, Seoug Hoon Yun, Young Rae Jo, Yun Young Choi, Meejung Ahn, Taekyun Shin, Joo In Park, Jong Kuk Kim, Hwan Tae Park
Schwann cells (SCs), which form the peripheral myelin sheath, have the unique ability to dedifferentiate and to destroy the myelin sheath under various demyelination conditions. During SC dedifferentiation-associated demyelination (SAD) in Wallerian degeneration (WD) after axonal injury, SCs exhibit myelin and junctional instability, down-regulation of myelin gene expression and autophagic myelin breakdown. However, in inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy (IDN), it is still unclear how SCs react and contribute to segmental demyelination before myelin scavengers, macrophages, are activated for phagocytotic myelin digestion...
August 10, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792318/sadness-of-a-lonely-death
#13
Tracey Ann Miller
I remember my first experience as a shy, inexperienced 17-year-old.I washed a lady who had died and who had no family or even next of kin. I did a property list and all that she had in her possession were spectacles, dentures and a pair of underpants.
August 9, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780278/season-independent-cognitive-deficits-in-seasonal-affective-disorder-and-their-relation-to-depressive-symptoms
#14
Liv Vadskjær Hjordt, Dea Siggaard Stenbæk, Brice Ozenne, Brenda Mc Mahon, Ida Hageman, Steen Gregers Hasselbalch, Gitte Moos Knudsen
Although cognitive impairments are common in depressed individuals, it is unclear which aspects of cognition are affected and whether they represent state or trait features of depression. We here exploited a naturalistic model, namely the seasonal fluctuations in depressed status in individuals with Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), to study depression-related cognition, longitudinally. Twenty-nine medication-free individuals diagnosed with winter-SAD and 30 demographically matched healthy controls with no seasonality symptoms completed the Letter-number Sequencing task (LNS), the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) and the Simple Reaction Time (SRT) twice; in summer and in winter...
July 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777087/methylation-crystallization-and-sad-phasing-of-the-csu-pilus-csuc-csue-chaperone-adhesin-subunit-pre-assembly-complex-from-acinetobacter-baumannii
#15
Natalia Pakharukova, Minna Tuittila, Sari Paavilainen, Anton Zavialov
Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most difficult Gram-negative bacteria to control and treat. This pathogen forms biofilms on hospital surfaces and medical devices using Csu pili assembled via the archaic chaperone-usher pathway. To uncover the mechanism of bacterial attachment to abiotic surfaces, it was aimed to determine the crystal structure of the pilus tip adhesin CsuE. The CsuC-CsuE chaperone-subunit pre-assembly complex was purified from the periplasm of Escherichia coli overexpressing CsuC and CsuE...
August 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776521/epidemiological-and-laboratorial-profile-of-patients-with-isolation-of-nontuberculous-mycobacteria
#16
Heloisa Silveira Paro Pedro, Andréa Gobetti Vieira Coelho, Isabela Mazuco Mansur, Ana Carolina Chiou, Maria Izabel Ferreira Pereira, Naiara Cristina Ule Belotti, Manuela Galloy Sanches Ismael, Maria Rita de Cássia Oliveira Cury, Susilene Maria Tonelli Nardi, Érica Chimara
BACKGROUND: An increase in NTM diseases in the international scenario has been observed in recent years. AIMS: To analyze the epidemiological and laboratory profiles of patients with isolation of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) over one decade. A retrospective analysis of records of a mycobacterial reference laboratory found 135 cases with isolation of NTM. METHODS: Clinical and epidemiological data were collected from the records of government health clinics and from the State notification system (TBWEB)...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776466/mimicking-emotions-how-3-12-month-old-infants-use-the-facial-expressions-and-eyes-of-a-model
#17
Robert Soussignan, Nicolas Dollion, Benoist Schaal, Karine Durand, Nadja Reissland, Jean-Yves Baudouin
While there is an extensive literature on the tendency to mimic emotional expressions in adults, it is unclear how this skill emerges and develops over time. Specifically, it is unclear whether infants mimic discrete emotion-related facial actions, whether their facial displays are moderated by contextual cues and whether infants' emotional mimicry is constrained by developmental changes in the ability to discriminate emotions. We therefore investigate these questions using Baby-FACS to code infants' facial displays and eye-movement tracking to examine infants' looking times at facial expressions...
August 4, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776431/internet-delivered-acceptance-based-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-social-anxiety-disorder-with-and-without-therapist-support-a-randomized-trial
#18
Marina Gershkovich, James D Herbert, Evan M Forman, Leah M Schumacher, Laura E Fischer
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the United States. Although evidenced-based behavioral treatments are available, less than 20% of those with SAD receive treatment. Internet-based interventions can address barriers to treatment access, and guided Internet-based treatments have been demonstrated to be effective for SAD. However, the optimal role (if any) of the therapist in such programs remains unclear. We examined the acceptability and efficacy of a novel Internet-based cognitive-behavior therapy for SAD that utilizes traditional behavioral interventions (e...
September 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774755/human-seasonal-and-circadian-studies-in-antarctica-halley-75-0-s
#19
Josephine Arendt, Benita Middleton
Living for extended periods in Antarctica exposes base personnel to extremes of daylength (photoperiod) and temperature. At the British Antarctic Survey base of Halley, 75(0)S, the sun does not rise for 110 d in the winter and does not set for 100 d in summer. Photoperiod is the major time cue governing the timing of seasonal events such as reproduction in many species. The neuroendocrine signal providing photoperiodic information to body physiology is the duration of melatonin secretion which reflects the length of the night: longer in the short days of winter and shorter in summer...
July 31, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772194/perseverate-or-decenter-differential-effects-of-metacognition-on-the-relationship-between-parasympathetic-inflexibility-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-a-multi-wave-study
#20
Jonathan P Stange, Jessica L Hamilton, David M Fresco, Lauren B Alloy
Depression often is characterized by inflexible autonomic and metacognitive processes that interfere with effective self-regulation. However, few studies have integrated these factors to improve the prediction of which individuals are at greatest risk for depression. Among 134 undergraduates, we evaluated whether parasympathetic inflexibility (a lack of reduction in respiratory sinus arrhythmia) in response to a sadness induction involving loss would prospectively predict symptoms of depression across four waves of follow-up over twelve weeks...
July 17, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
keyword
keyword
39311
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"