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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230406/test-retest-reliability-of-the-facial-expression-labeling-task
#1
Jennifer L Cecilione, Lance M Rappaport, Brad Verhulst, Dever M Carney, R J R Blair, Melissa A Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft, Daniel S Pine, Roxann Roberson-Nay, John M Hettema
Recognizing others' emotional expressions is vital for socioemotional development; impairments in this ability occur in several psychiatric disorders. Further study is needed to map the development of this ability and to evaluate its components as potential transdiagnostic endophenotypes. Before doing so, however, research is required to substantiate the test-retest reliability of scores of the face emotion identification tasks linked to developmental psychopathology. The current study estimated test-retest reliability of scores of one such task, the facial expression labeling task (FELT) among a sample of twin children (N = 157; ages 9-14)...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227569/efficient-compressive-sensing-of-ecg-segments-based-on-machine-learning-for-qrs-based-arrhythmia-detection
#2
Jeevan K Pant, Sridhar Krishnan, Jeevan K Pant, Sridhar Krishnan, Jeevan K Pant, Sridhar Krishnan
A novel method for efficient telemonitoring of arrhythmia based on using QRS complexes is proposed. Two features, namely, sum of absolute differences (SAD) and maximum of absolute differences (MAD) are efficiently computed for each ECG segment in the bio-sensor. The computed features can be transmitted from the bio-sensor using wireless channel, and they can be used in the receiver for determining the absence of QRS complex in the segment. By avoiding computationally expensive signal reconstruction for the ECG segments without QRS complex, it is shown, using simulation results, that computation time can be reduced by approximately 7...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226306/task-dependent-modulation-of-amygdala-connectivity-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#3
Lora Minkova, Ronald Sladky, Georg S Kranz, Michael Woletz, Nicole Geissberger, Christoph Kraus, Rupert Lanzenberger, Christian Windischberger
Increased amygdala activation is consistently found in patients suffering from social anxiety disorder (SAD), a psychiatric condition characterized by an intense fear of social situations and scrutiny. Disruptions in the amygdalar-frontal network in SAD may explain the inability of frontal regions to appropriately down-regulate amygdalar hyper-activation. In this study, we measured 15 SAD patients and 15 healthy controls during an affective counting Stroop task with emotional faces to assess the interaction of affective stimuli with a cognitive task in SAD, as well as to investigate the causal interactions between the amygdala and the medial orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) using dynamic causal modeling (DCM)...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224080/brain-activation-to-task-irrelevant-disorder-related-threat-in-social-anxiety-disorder-the-impact-of-symptom-severity
#4
Carina Yvonne Heitmann, Katharina Feldker, Paula Neumeister, Leonie Brinkmann, Elisabeth Schrammen, Pienie Zwitserlood, Thomas Straube
Unintentional and uncontrollable processing of threat has been suggested to contribute to the pathology of social anxiety disorder (SAD). The present study investigated the neural correlates of processing task-irrelevant, highly ecologically valid, disorder-related stimuli as a function of symptom severity in SAD. Twenty-four SAD patients and 24 healthy controls (HC) performed a feature-based comparison task during functional magnetic resonance imaging, while task-irrelevant, disorder-related or neutral scenes were presented simultaneously at a different spatial position...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223082/negative-emotions-and-suicidal-ideation-during-psychosocial-treatments-in-older-adults-with-major-depression-and-cognitive-impairment
#5
Dimitris N Kiosses, James J Gross, Samprit Banerjee, Paul R Duberstein, David Putrino, George S Alexopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of negative emotions with suicidal ideation during 12 weeks of Problem Adaptation Therapy (PATH) versus Supportive Therapy of Cognitively Impaired Older Adults (ST-CI), hypothesizing that improved negative emotions are associated with reduced suicidal ideation, PATH improves negative emotions more than ST-CI, and improved negative emotions, rather than other depression symptoms, predict reduction in suicidal ideation. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial of two home-delivered psychosocial interventions, 74 older participants (65-95 years old) with major depressive disorder and cognitive impairment were recruited in collaboration with community agencies...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221059/emotion-focused-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-results-from-a-multiple-baseline-study
#6
Ben Shahar, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eve Alon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for adults suffering from social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: Using a nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design, 12 patients (mean age = 26.75 years, SD = 5.15; 7 males) meeting criteria for SAD were treated with up to 28 sessions of EFT. EFT was based on an empathic relationship, 2-chair work for self-criticism, empty-chair work for unresolved feelings, and focusing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221057/-understanding-the-neural-basis-of-cognitive-bias-modification-as-a-clinical-treatment-for-depression-correction-to-eguchi-et-al-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
: Reports an error in "Understanding the neural basis of cognitive bias modification as a clinical treatment for depression" by Akihiro Eguchi, Daniel Walters, Nele Peerenboom, Hannah Dury, Elaine Fox and Simon Stringer (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Dec 19, 2016, np). In the article, there was an error in the Discussion section's first paragraph for Implications and Future Work. The in-text reference citation for Penton-Voak et al. (2013) was incorrectly listed as "Blumenfeld, Preminger, Sagi, and Tsodyks (2006)"...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220506/network-structure-of-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-in-latinas-relationship-to-stress-and-reproductive-biomarkers
#8
Hudson Santos, Eiko I Fried, Josephine Asafu-Adjei, R Jeanne Ruiz
Based on emerging evidence, mood disorders can be plausibly conceptualized as networks of causally interacting symptoms, rather than as latent variables of which symptoms are passive indicators. In an innovative approach in nursing research, we used network analysis to estimate the network structure of 20 perinatal depressive (PND) symptoms. Then, two proof-of-principle analyses are presented: Incorporating stress and reproductive biomarkers into the network, and comparing the network structure of PND symptoms between non-depressed and depressed women...
February 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219490/a-multisite-study-of-family-functioning%C3%A2-impairment-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
S Evelyn Stewart, Yu-Pei Hu, Aldrich Leung, Elaine Chan, Dianne M Hezel, Sarah Yao Lin, Laura Belschner, Casey Walsh, Daniel A Geller, David L Pauls
OBJECTIVE: Familial aspects of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including accommodation and treatment, have received notable and warranted attention. However, individual perspectives of its repercussions on family functioning, including emotional and occupational parental burden, have not been closely examined. The present study details this topic using a large multicenter sample. METHOD: Participants included 354 youth affected with OCD and their mothers and fathers ascertained through OCD programs in Boston, Massachusetts (n = 180) and Vancouver, British Columbia (n = 174)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214770/masked-emotional-priming-a-double-dissociation-between-direct-and-indirect-effects-reveals-non-conscious-processing-of-emotional-information-beyond-valence
#10
Dirk Wentura, Michaela Rohr, Juliane Degner
We demonstrate non-conscious processing beyond valence by employing the masked emotional priming paradigm (Rohr, Degner, & Wentura, 2012) with a stimulus-onset asynchrony (SOA) variation. Emotional faces were briefly presented and directly masked, followed by the target face, using a SOA of either 43ms or 143ms. Targets were categorized as happy, angry, fearful, or sad. With short SOA, we replicated the differentiated priming effect within the negative domain (i.e., angry differentiate from fearful/sad). A direct test of prime awareness indicated that primes could not be discriminated consciously in this condition...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214050/communication-deficits-and-avoidance-of-angry-faces-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Ana García-Blanco, Concepción López-Soler, Máximo Vento, María Carmen García-Blanco, Belén Gago, Manuel Perea
BACKGROUND: Understanding how emotional faces are processed is important to help characterize the social deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). AIMS: We examined: (i) whether attention is modulated by emotional facial expression; (ii) the time course of the attentional preferences (short vs. long stimulus presentation rates); and (iii) the association between attentional biases and autistic symptomatology. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: We applied a dot-probe experiment with emotional faces (happy, sad, and angry)...
February 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213634/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-social-norm-interventions-to-increase-physical-activity
#12
Christopher M Wally, Linda D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Physical activity confers numerous health benefits, yet few adults meet recommended physical activity guidelines. PURPOSE: The impact of brief messages providing descriptive and injunctive social norm feedback on physical activity was tested in this conceptual pilot study. METHODS: Young adults (N = 111) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: descriptive norm feedback, descriptive-plus-injunctive norm feedback, or no social feedback (control condition)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211817/post-stroke-acquired-amusia-a-comparison-between-right-and-left-brain-hemispheric-damages
#13
Zahra Jafari, Mahdiye Esmaili, Ahmad Delbari, Masoud Mehrpour, Majid H Mohajerani
BACKGROUND: Although extensive research has been published about the emotional consequences of stroke, most studies have focused on emotional words, speech prosody, voices, or facial expressions. The emotional processing of musical excerpts following stroke has been relatively unexplored. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of chronic stroke on the recognition of basic emotions in music. METHODS: Seventy persons, including 25 normal controls (NC), 25 persons with right brain damage (RBD) from stroke, and 20 persons with left brain damage (LBD) from stroke between the ages of 31-71 years were studied...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211496/the-use-of-bright-and-dark-types-of-humour-is-rooted-in-the-brain
#14
Ilona Papousek, Willibald Ruch, Christian Rominger, Elisabeth Kindermann, Katharina Scheidl, Günter Schulter, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
The ways in which humour can be used are related to the manifold interpersonal functions humour can serve, some of which are positive, and some negative. In the present study, phasic changes in the functional coupling of prefrontal and posterior cortex (EEG coherence) during other people's auditory displays of happy and sad mood were recorded to predict people's typical use of humour in social interactions. Greater use of benevolent humour, the intentions of which are in keeping with the characteristics of "laughing-with" humour, was associated with greater decreases of prefrontal-posterior coupling during the processing of happy laughter...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210990/indices-from-lagged-poincare-plots-of-heart-rate-variability-an-efficient-nonlinear-tool-for-emotion-discrimination
#15
Ateke Goshvarpour, Ataollah Abbasi, Atefeh Goshvarpour
Interest in human emotion recognition, regarding physiological signals, has recently risen. In this study, an efficient emotion recognition system, based on geometrical analysis of autonomic nervous system signals, is presented. The electrocardiogram recordings of 47 college students were obtained during rest condition and affective visual stimuli. Pictures with four emotional contents, including happiness, peacefulness, sadness, and fear were selected. Then, ten lags of Poincare plot were constructed for heart rate variability (HRV) segments...
February 16, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196783/symptom-cluster-trajectories-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-outpatients
#16
Hsin-Tien Hsu, Kuan-Chia Lin, Li-Min Wu, Chiung-Hui Juan, Ming-Feng Hou, Shiow-Li Hwang, Yi Liu, Marylin J Dodd
CONTEXT: Breast cancer patients often experience multiple symptoms and substantial discomfort. Some symptoms may occur simultaneously and throughout the duration of chemotherapy treatment OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate symptom severity and symptom cluster trajectories during chemotherapy in outpatients with breast cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures study administered a standardized questionnaire (M...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194083/asbestos-induced-lung-disease-in-small-scale-clutch-manufacturing-workers
#17
Dipti Gothi, Tanushree Gahlot, Ram B Sah, Mayank Saxena, U C Ojha, Anand K Verma, Sonam Spalgais
BACKGROUND: The crocidolite variety of asbestos is banned. However, chrysotile, which is not prohibited, is still used in developing countries in making products such as clutch plate. Fourteen workers from a small-scale clutch plate-manufacturing factory were analyzed for asbestos-induced lung disease as one of their colleagues had expired due to asbestosis. AIMS: This study was conducted to evaluate the awareness of workers, the prevalence and type of asbestos-induced lung disease, and the sensitivity and specificity of diffusion test...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192770/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-emotion-recognition-and-irritability-in-schizophrenia-patients
#18
Mustafa Melih Bilgi, Seval Taspinar, Burcu Aksoy, Kaya Oguz, Kerry Coburn, Ali Saffet Gonul
This study investigated the relationship between childhood trauma, irritability, and emotion recognition, in schizophrenia patients during a psychotic break. Thirty-six schizophrenia inpatients and 36 healthy controls were assessed with the Irritability Questionnaire (IRQ) and two facial emotion recognition tasks, the Emotion Discrimination Test (EDT) and Emotion Identification Test (EIT). Patients were further assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM III-R Axis II Disorders (SCID-II), the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS), and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-28 (CTQ-28)...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191984/explicit-and-implicit-self-evaluations-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#19
Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Hadar Keshet, Tamar Livne, Uri Berger, Reut Zabag, Haggai Hermesh, Sofi Marom
Cognitive models of social anxiety disorder (SAD) emphasize the role of explicit and implicit self-evaluations (SEs) in the etiology and maintenance of this condition. Whereas individuals with SAD consistently report lower explicit SEs as compared with nonanxious individuals, findings concerning implicit SEs are mixed. To gain a more nuanced understanding of the nature of SEs in SAD, we examined explicit and implicit SEs in two significant interpersonal domains: social rank and affiliation. Consistent with cognitive theorizing, we predicted that, compared to nonclinical controls (NCCs), individuals with SAD would exhibit lower explicit and implicit SEs in both domains...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189075/increased-risk-of-suicide-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-linkage-to-chromosome-13q
#20
P J Malherbe, M Karayiorgou, R Ehlers, J L Roos
We link schizophrenia in families from the genetically isolated South African Afrikaner population to chromosome 13q (n =51), 1p (n =23) and combined 13q & 1p (n =18). Patients with linkages to chromosome 13q were 4.16 times more likely to meet diagnostic criteria for schizoaffective disorder compared to patients with linkage to 1p. A third of patients with linkage to both 13q &1p met diagnostic criteria for SAD. There was a significant positive relationship between suicidality and a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder...
February 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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