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Graft verses host disease

Lei Wang, Ximing Wang, Shan Jiang, Jin Wei, Jacentha Buggs, Liying Fu, Jie Zhang, Ruisheng Liu
Animal models of kidney transplantation (KTX) are widely used in studying immune response of hosts to implanted grafts. Additionally, KTX can be used in generating kidney-specific knockout animal models by transplantation of kidneys from donors with global knockout of a gene to wild type recipients or vise verse. Dual kidney transplantation (DKT) provides a more physiological environment for recipients than single kidney transplantation (SKT). However, DKT in mice is rare due to technical challenges. In this study, we successfully performed DKT in mice and compared the hemodynamic response and graft function with SKT...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Haojun Yang, Jian Gu, Qin Zhu, Hao Lu, Kunpeng Wang, Xuhao Ni, Yunjie Lu, Ling Lu
All-trans retinoic acid (atRA), the active derivative of vitamin A, has been shown to regulate Treg and T effector cell differentiation. However, the potential use of atRA as a treatment for acute graft-verse-host disease (aGVHD) has not been realized. Here we studied the ability of atRA to prevent and treat acute-GVHD in the B6-to-F1(D2B6F1) murine model. Our results showed that atRA consistently displayed a potent ability to control aGVHD development and reduce mortality by suppressing the expansion of donor T cells and inhibiting cytokine expression from donor CD8 cells...
October 2015: International Immunopharmacology
Y Rabeya, A H Abdul-Kahar, C F Leong
Transfusion is an irreversible event which carries potential benefits as well as risk to the recipient. The objective of this study was to analyse all reported transfusion reactions of the year 2008 in the Blood Bank Unit of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC). This is a retrospective study that was carried out by retrieving data from the laboratory information system. A total of 27842 transfusions were documented and the total reported transfusion reactions were 149. The incidence of transfusion reaction was 1 in 187 of all transfusions (0...
June 2011: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
Xiaojin Wu, Ying Wang, Yang Xu, Depei Wu, Aining Sun, Ziling Zhu, Yue Han, Huiying Qiu, Xiaowen Tang, Zhengzheng Fu, Guangsheng He, Caixia Li, Xiao Ma, Yuejun Liu
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can be classified into 4 subgroups based on genotype variation of the glycoprotein B (gB) encoded by UL55 gene. Little is known about the CMV gB genotype distribution and its clinical implication in patients who receive hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) in China. In this study, which comprises 101 HSCT patients with CMV infection, we have found that 36 patients (35.64%) were infected with CMV genotype gB1, 3 patients (2.97%) with gB2, 39 patients (38.61%) with gB3, 1 patient (0...
May 2010: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Meg J Jardine, Sunil Bhandari, Kate R Wyburn, Ashish K Misra, Paul R McKenzie, Josette M Eris
BACKGROUND: Photopheresis is an immunomodulatory therapy for the treatment of T cell-mediated disorders. It has been used for rejection prophylaxis in cardiac transplantation, adjuvant treatment of bronchiolitis obliterans in lung transplantation, treatment of graft verse host disease, and in a small number of cases, for treatment of acute rejection in renal transplantation. Little is known of long-term outcomes following the use of photopheresis in solid organ transplantation. METHODS: We report prospective follow-up of our consecutive experience of the use of photopheresis as adjuvant/salvage therapy for problematic rejection in patients undergoing renal transplantation...
2009: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
M Faraci, A N Békássy, V De Fazio, A Tichelli, G Dini
Non-endocrine events represent a heterogeneous group of complications occurring in children who survive long term after haematopoietic SCT. This review highlights the late sequel in a growing child. The preparative regimen itself with high-dose chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy (TBI) or the treatment given before the transplant procedure may cause organ damage with permanent sequel. Immune reconstitution and chronic GvHD have crucial role in occurrence of clinical abnormalities and late severe infections. Autoimmune syndromes may occur after use of novel transplant modalities (cord blood transplantation, reduced intensity conditioning regimen and haploidentical T-cell-depleted SCTs)...
June 2008: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Zhi-Yong Guo, Xiao-Shun He, Lin-Wei Wu, Xiao-Feng Zhu, Wei-Qiang Ju, Dong-Ping Wang, Shen You, Yi Ma, Guo-Dong Wang, Jie-Fu Huang
Graft-verse-host disease (GVHD) is an uncommon fatal complication following liver transplantation (LTx). In mainland China, only six cases have been reported with a morbidity rate up to 1%-2%. Definitive diagnosis was achieved by molecular techniques (HLA typing or PCR-STR) in only two cases and the remaining cases were diagnosed based on typical clinical features with exclusion of other possible causes. All patients died of septic shock or multiple organ failure even after administration of increased corticosteroids and supportive therapy, and reduced immunosuppressive agents...
February 14, 2008: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
J A López Gil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 1992: Medicina Clínica
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