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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150546/differential-regulation-of-two-tiered-plant-immunity-and-sexual-reproduction-by-anxur-receptor-like-kinases
#1
Hyunggon Mang, Baomin Feng, Zhangjian Hu, Aurelien Boisson-Dernier, Christina Franck, Xiangzong Meng, Yanyan Huang, Jinggeng Zhou, Guangyuan Xu, Taotao Wang, Libo Shan, Ping He
Plants have evolved two tiers of immune receptors to detect infections: cell surface-resident pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that sense microbial signatures and intracellular nucleotide-binding domain leucine-rich repeat (NLR) proteins that recognize pathogen effectors. How PRRs and NLRs interconnect and activate the specific and overlapping plant immune responses remains elusive. A genetic screen for components controlling plant immunity identified ANXUR1 (ANX1), a malectin-like domain-containing receptor-like kinase, together with its homolog ANX2, as important negative regulators of both PRR- and NLR-mediated immunity in Arabidopsis thaliana...
November 17, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028796/bak1-is-involved-in-atralf1-induced-inhibition-of-root-cell-expansion
#2
Keini Dressano, Paulo H O Ceciliato, Aparecida L Silva, Juan Carlos Guerrero-Abad, Tábata Bergonci, Fausto Andrés Ortiz-Morea, Marco Bürger, Marcio C Silva-Filho, Daniel S Moura
The rapid alkalinization factor (RALF) peptide negatively regulates cell expansion, and an antagonistic relationship has been demonstrated between AtRALF1, a root-specific RALF isoform in Arabidopsis, and brassinosteroids (BRs). An evaluation of the response of BR signaling mutants to AtRALF1 revealed that BRI1-associated receptor kinase1 (bak1) mutants are insensitive to AtRALF1 root growth inhibition activity. BAK1 was essential for the induction of AtRALF1-responsive genes but showed no effect on the mobilization of Ca2+ and alkalinization responses...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902164/slbir3-negatively-regulates-pamp-responses-and-cell-death-in-tomato
#3
Shuhua Huang, Shuming Nie, Shufen Wang, Jianwei Liu, Yanfeng Zhang, Xiaofeng Wang
Bri1-associated kinase 1 (BAK1)-interacting receptor-like kinase (BIR) proteins have been shown to play important roles in regulating growth and development, pathogen associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) responses, and cell death in the model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana. We identified four BIR family members in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), including SlBIR3, an ortholog of AtBIR3 from A. thaliana. SlBIR3 is predicted to encode a membrane localized non-arginine-aspartate (non-RD) kinase that, based on protein sequence, does not have autophosphorylation activity but that can be phosphorylated in vivo...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887495/integration-of-deep-transcriptome-and-proteome-analyses-of-salicylic-acid-regulation-high-temperature-stress-in-ulva-prolifera
#4
Meihua Fan, Xue Sun, Nianjun Xu, Zhi Liao, Yahe Li, Jianxin Wang, Yingping Fan, Dalian Cui, Peng Li, Zengliang Miao
To investigate changes in transcript and relative protein levels in response to salicylic acid regulation of the thermotolerance in U. prolifera, complementary transcriptome and proteome analyses were performed with U. prolifera grown at 35 °C (UpHT) and with the addition of SA at high temperature (UpSHT). At mRNA level,12,296 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained from the comparison of UpSHT with UpHT. iTRAQ-labeling proteome analysis showed that a total of 4,449 proteins were identified and reliably quantified...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865087/the-arabidopsis-u-box-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-pub30-negatively-regulates-salt-tolerance-by-facilitating-bri1-kinase-inhibitor-1-bki1-degradation
#5
Ming Zhang, Jinfeng Zhao, Long Li, Yanan Gao, Linlin Zhao, Suyash Bhimgonda Patil, Jingjing Fang, Wenhui Zhang, Yuhong Yang, Ming Li, Xueyong Li
The Arabidopsis U-box E3 ubiquitin ligases play an important role in the ubiquitin/26S proteasome-mediated protein degradation pathway. Recently, PUB30 has been reported to participate in the salt stress response during seed germination stage in abscisic acid (ABA)-independent manner, but the molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. Here, we displayed that the pub30 mutant was more tolerant to salt stress during seed germination, whereas the mutant of its closest homologue PUB31 showed mild sensitivity to salt stress...
September 2, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842532/the-arabidopsis-leucine-rich-repeat-receptor-kinase-bir3-negatively-regulates-bak1-receptor-complex-formation-and-stabilizes-bak1
#6
Julia Imkampe, Thierry Halter, Shuhua Huang, Sarina Schulze, Sara Mazzotta, Nikola Schmidt, Raffaele Manstretta, Sandra Postel, Michael Wierzba, Yong Yang, Walter M A M van Dongen, Mark Stahl, Cyril Zipfel, Michael B Goshe, Steven Clouse, Sacco C de Vries, Frans Tax, Xiaofeng Wang, Birgit Kemmerling
BAK1 is a coreceptor and positive regulator of multiple ligand binding leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases (LRR-RKs) and is involved in brassinosteroid (BR)-dependent growth and development, innate immunity, and cell death control. The BAK1-interacting LRR-RKs BIR2 and BIR3 were previously identified by proteomics analyses of in vivo BAK1 complexes. Here, we show that BAK1-related pathways such as innate immunity and cell death control are affected by BIR3 in Arabidopsis thaliana BIR3 also has a strong negative impact on BR signaling...
September 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839160/functional-characterisation-of-brassinosteroid-receptor-mtbri1-in-medicago-truncatula
#7
Xiaofei Cheng, Xiaoping Gou, Hongju Yin, Kirankumar S Mysore, Jia Li, Jiangqi Wen
Brassinosteroids are phytohormones involved in plant development and physiological processes. Brassinosteroids Insensitive 1 (BRI1) is required for BR perception and initiation of subsequent signal transduction in Arabidopsis. In this study, the orthologue of BRI1 in the model legume species Medicago truncatula, MtBRI1, was identified and characterised. Three allelic Tnt1 insertion mutants, mtbri1-1, mtbri1-2, and mtbri1-3, were obtained from the M. truncatula Tnt1 insertion population. mtbri1 mutants displayed characteristic bri1 mutant phenotypes: extreme dwarfness, dark green curled leaves, short primary roots, less lateral roots, and insensitive to exogenous brassinolide (BL)...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837783/synthesis-of-novel-aryl-brassinosteroids-through-alkene-cross-metathesis-and-preliminary-biological-study
#8
Petra Korinkova, Vaclav Bazgier, Jana Oklestkova, Lucie Rarova, Miroslav Strnad, Miroslav Kvasnica
A series of phenyl analogues of brassinosteroids was prepared via alkene cross-metathesis using commercially available styrenes and 24-nor-5α-chola-2,22-dien-6-one. All derivatives were successfully docked into the active site of BRI1 using AutoDock Vina. Plant growth promoting activity was measured using the pea inhibition biotest and Arabidopsis root sensitivity assay and then was compared with naturally occuring brassinosteroids. Differences in the production of plant hormone ethylene were also observed in etiolated pea seedlings after treatment with the new and also five known brassinosteroid phenyl analogues...
August 31, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827608/brassinosteroid-signaling-dependent-root-responses-to-prolonged-elevated-ambient-temperature
#9
Sara Martins, Alvaro Montiel-Jorda, Anne Cayrel, Stéphanie Huguet, Christine Paysant-Le Roux, Karin Ljung, Grégory Vert
Due to their sessile nature, plants have to cope with and adjust to their fluctuating environment. Temperature elevation stimulates the growth of Arabidopsis aerial parts. This process is mediated by increased biosynthesis of the growth-promoting hormone auxin. How plant roots respond to elevated ambient temperature is however still elusive. Here we present strong evidence that temperature elevation impinges on brassinosteroid hormone signaling to alter root growth. We show that elevated temperature leads to increased root elongation, independently of auxin or factors known to drive temperature-mediated shoot growth...
August 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815300/holaphyllamine-a-steroid-is-able-to-induce-defense-responses-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-and-increases-resistance-against-bacterial-infection
#10
Abderrakib Zahid, Rim Jaber, Ferdousse Laggoun, Arnaud Lehner, Isabelle Remy-Jouet, Olivier Pamlard, Sandra Beaupierre, Jérome Leprince, Marie-Laure Follet-Gueye, Maïté Vicré-Gibouin, Xavier Latour, Vincent Richard, Catherine Guillou, Patrice Lerouge, Azeddine Driouich, Jean-Claude Mollet
A chemical screen of plant-derived compounds identified holaphyllamine, a steroid, able to trigger defense responses in Arabidopsis thaliana and improve resistance against the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato DC3000. A chemical screen of 1600 plant-derived compounds was conducted and allowed the identification of a steroid able to activate defense responses in A. thaliana at a concentration of 1 µM without altering growth. The identified compound is holaphyllamine (HPA) whose chemical structure is similar to steroid pregnanes of mammals...
December 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751549/cross-talk-of-brassinosteroid-signaling-in-controlling-growth-and-stress-responses
#11
REVIEW
Trevor Nolan, Jiani Chen, Yanhai Yin
Plants are faced with a barrage of stresses in their environment and must constantly balance their growth and survival. As such, plants have evolved complex control systems that perceive and respond to external and internal stimuli in order to optimize these responses, many of which are mediated by signaling molecules such as phytohormones. One such class of molecules called Brassinosteroids (BRs) are an important group of plant steroid hormones involved in numerous aspects of plant life including growth, development and response to various stresses...
July 27, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720789/evolutionarily-conserved-bil4-suppresses-the-degradation-of-brassinosteroid-receptor-bri1-and-regulates-cell-elongation
#12
Ayumi Yamagami, Chieko Saito, Miki Nakazawa, Shozo Fujioka, Tomohiro Uemura, Minami Matsui, Masaaki Sakuta, Kazuo Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Osada, Akihiko Nakano, Tadao Asami, Takeshi Nakano
Brassinosteroids (BRs), plant steroid hormones, play important roles in plant cell elongation and differentiation. To investigate the mechanisms of BR signaling, we previously used the BR biosynthesis inhibitor Brz as a chemical biology tool and identified the Brz-insensitive-long hypocotyl4 mutant (bil4). Although the BIL4 gene encodes a seven-transmembrane-domain protein that is evolutionarily conserved in plants and animals, the molecular function of BIL4 in BR signaling has not been elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that BIL4 is expressed in early elongating cells and regulates cell elongation in Arabidopsis...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718794/brs1-function-in-facilitating-lateral-root-emergence-in-arabidopsis
#13
Qian Deng, Xue Wang, Dongzhi Zhang, Xiaoming Wang, Cuizhu Feng, Shengbao Xu
The BRS1 (BRI1 Suppressor 1) gene encodes a serine carboxypeptidase that plays a critical role in the brassinosteroid signaling pathway. However, its specific biological function remains unclear. In this study, the developmental role of BRS1 was investigated in Arabidopsis thaliana. We found that overexpressing BRS1 resulted in significantly more lateral roots in different Arabidopsis ecotypes (WS2 and Col-0) and in brassinosteroid mutants (bri1-5 and det2-28). Further research showed that BRS1 facilitates the process whereby lateral root primordia break through the endodermis, cortex, and epidermis...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578021/transcriptome-profiling-of-the-floral-buds-and-discovery-of-genes-related-to-sex-differentiation-in-the-dioecious-cucurbit-coccinia-grandis-l-voigt
#14
Jatindra Nath Mohanty, Sanghamitra Nayak, Sumita Jha, Raj Kumar Joshi
Dioecious species offer an inclusive structure to study the molecular basis of sexual dimorphism in angiosperms. Despite having a small genome and heteromorphic sex chromosomes, Coccinia grandis is a highly neglected dioecious species with little information available on its physical state, genetic orientation and key sex-defining elements. In the present study, we performed RNA-Seq and DGE analysis of male (MB) and female (FB) buds in C. grandis to gain insights into the molecular basis of sex determination in this plant...
August 30, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559283/molecular-dynamics-simulations-reveal-the-conformational-dynamics-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-bri1-and-bak1-receptor-like-kinases
#15
Alexander S Moffett, Kyle W Bender, Steven C Huber, Diwakar Shukla
The structural motifs responsible for activation and regulation of eukaryotic protein kinases in animals have been studied extensively in recent years, and a coherent picture of their activation mechanisms has begun to emerge. In contrast, non-animal eukaryotic protein kinases are not as well understood from a structural perspective, representing a large knowledge gap. To this end, we investigated the conformational dynamics of two key Arabidopsis thaliana receptor-like kinases, brassinosteroid-insensitive 1 (BRI1) and BRI1-associated kinase 1 (BAK1), through extensive molecular dynamics simulations of their fully phosphorylated kinase domains...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545052/brl3-and-atrgs1-cooperate-to-fine-tune-growth-inhibition-and-ros-activation
#16
Meral Tunc-Ozdemir, Alan M Jones
Plasma membrane-localized leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases directly activates G protein complex via interaction with seven transmembrane domain Regulator of G-protein Signaling 1 (AtRGS1) protein. Brassinosteroid insensitive 1 (BRI1) LIKE3 (BRL3) phosphorylates AtRGS1 in vitro. FRET analysis showed that BRL3 and AtRGS1 interaction dynamics change in response to glucose and flg22. Both BRL3 and AtRGS1 function in glucose sensing and brl3 and rgs1-2 single mutants are hyposensitive to high glucose as well as the brl3/rgs1 double mutant...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540949/structure-based-in-silico-identification-of-potentially-non-steroidal-brassinosteroids-mimics
#17
Beilei Lei, Ningjuan Heng, Xiaoxue Dang, Jiyuan Liu, Xiaojun Yao, Cunli Zhang
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of plant steroid hormones that play indispensable roles in cell elongation, division and plant development. To date, the numerous synthesis of BRs analogs and structure-activity relationship investigations have clearly revealed the key substituent groups relevant to the steroidal activity of BRs. However, due to the limited chemical space studied, the efforts for alternative non-steroidal compounds have produced no remarkable results. To identify potentially non-steroidal BR mimics in this study, vital interacting pharmacophore features were extracted starting from several complex structures of BRs that bound with the receptor Brassinosteroid-Insentive 1 (BRI1) and co-receptor BRI1-associated kinase 1 (BAK1), which were characterized and merged into one comprehensive pharmacophore model...
June 27, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497809/receptor-like-protein-elt1-promotes-brassinosteroid-signaling-through-interacting-with-and-suppressing-the-endocytosis-mediated-degradation-of-receptor-bri1
#18
Bao-Jun Yang, Wen-Hui Lin, Fang-Fang Fu, Zhi-Hong Xu, Hong-Wei Xue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482142/the-brassinosteroid-receptor-bri1-can-generate-cgmp-enabling-cgmp-dependent-downstream-signaling
#19
Janet I Wheeler, Aloysius Wong, Claudius Marondedze, Arnoud J Groen, Lusisizwe Kwezi, Lubna Freihat, Jignesh Vyas, Misjudeen A Raji, Helen R Irving, Chris Gehring
The brassinosteroid receptor brassinosteroid insensitive 1 (BRI1) is a member of the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase family. The intracellular kinase domain of BRI1 is an active kinase and also encapsulates a guanylate cyclase catalytic centre. Using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, we confirmed that the recombinant cytoplasmic domain of BRI1 generates pmol amounts of cGMP per μg protein with a preference for magnesium over manganese as a co-factor. Importantly, a functional BRI1 kinase is essential for optimal cGMP generation...
August 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461403/scanning-for-new-bri1-mutations-via-tilling-analysis
#20
Chao Sun, Kan Yan, Jian-Ting Han, Liang Tao, Ming-Hui Lv, Tao Shi, Yong-Xing He, Michael Wierzba, Frans E Tax, Jia Li
The identification and characterization of a mutational spectrum for a specific protein can help to elucidate its detailed cellular functions. BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE1 (BRI1), a multidomain transmembrane receptor-like kinase, is a major receptor of brassinosteroids in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Within the last two decades, over 20 different bri1 mutant alleles have been identified, which helped to determine the significance of each domain within BRI1. To further understand the molecular mechanisms of BRI1, we tried to identify additional alleles via targeted induced local lesions in genomes...
July 2017: Plant Physiology
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