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Qiqi Yan, Lixiang Wang, Xia Li
Brassinosteroids (BRs) play an essential role in plant growth, and BRI1-EMS suppressor 1 (BES1)/brassinazole-resistant 1 (BZR1) family transcription factors integrate a variety of plant signaling pathways. Despite the fact that BRs inhibit nodulation in leguminous plants, how BRs modulate rhizobia-host interactions and nodule morphogenesis is unknown. Here, we show that GmBEHL1, a soybean homolog of Arabidopsis BES1/BZR1 homolog 1 (BEH1), is an interacting partner of Nodule Number Control 1, a transcriptional repressor that mediates soybean nodulation...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
De Peng Yuan, Chong Zhang, Zi Yuan Wang, Li Tian Ya, Xiao Feng Zhu, Yuan Hu Xuan
Rhizoctonia solani causes sheath blight disease in rice; however, the defense mechanism of rice plants against R. solani remains elusive. To analyze the roles of brassinosteroid (BR) and ethylene signaling on rice defense to R. solani, wild-type (WT) rice and several mutants and over-expressing (OX) lines were inoculated with R. solani. Mutants d61-1 and d2 were less susceptible to sheath blight disease, bri1-D was more susceptible, and ravl1 and d61-1/EIL1 Ri5 were similarly susceptible compared to WT. The double mutant ravl1/d61-1 was phenotypically similar to the ravl1 mutant...
May 16, 2018: Phytopathology
Ulrich Hohmann, Joël Nicolet, Andrea Moretti, Ludwig A Hothorn, Michael Hothorn
The leucine-rich repeat receptor kinase (LRR-RK) BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1) requires a shape-complementary SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS RECEPTOR KINASE (SERK) co-receptor for brassinosteroid sensing and receptor activation 1 . Interface mutations that weaken the interaction between receptor and co-receptor in vitro reduce brassinosteroid signalling responses 2 . The SERK3 elongated (elg) allele3-5 maps to the complex interface and shows enhanced brassinosteroid signalling, but surprisingly no tighter binding to the BRI1 ectodomain in vitro...
May 7, 2018: Nature Plants
Yuancheng Peng, Liangliang Chen, Shengjun Li, Yueying Zhang, Ran Xu, Zupei Liu, Wuxia Liu, Jingjing Kong, Xiahe Huang, Yingchun Wang, Beijiu Cheng, Leiying Zheng, Yunhai Li
Sugars function as signal molecules to regulate growth, development, and gene expression in plants, yeasts, and animals. A coordination of sugar availability with phytohormone signals is crucial for plant growth and development. The molecular link between sugar availability and hormone-dependent plant growth are largely unknown. Here we report that BRI1 and BAK1 are involved in sugar-responsive growth and development. Glucose influences the physical interactions and phosphorylations of BRI1 and BAK1 in a concentration-dependent manner...
April 18, 2018: Nature Communications
Xiao Feng Zhu, De Peng Yuan, Chong Zhang, Tian Ya Li, Yuan Hu Xuan
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroid hormones that regulate several aspects of plant growth and development. Their signal is activated by the binding of BRs to the receptor BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1), which activates the transcription factors BRASSINAZOLE-RESISTANT 1 (BZR1) and BRI1-EMS-SUPPRESSOR 1 (BES1) that regulate target gene expression (Kim and Wang, 2010). More recently, the crosstalk between BRs and other hormone signaling factors has been extensively investigated, and it has been suggested that BR signaling is highly integrated with other signals to regulate plant growth and development (Wang et al, 2012)...
March 31, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Ulrich Hohmann, Julia Santiago, Joël Nicolet, Vilde Olsson, Fabio M Spiga, Ludwig A Hothorn, Melinka A Butenko, Michael Hothorn
Plant-unique membrane receptor kinases with leucine-rich repeat ectodomains (LRR-RKs) can sense small molecule, peptide, and protein ligands. Many LRR-RKs require SERK-family coreceptor kinases for high-affinity ligand binding and receptor activation. How one coreceptor can contribute to the specific binding of distinct ligands and activation of different LRR-RKs is poorly understood. Here we quantitatively analyze the contribution of SERK3 to ligand binding and activation of the brassinosteroid receptor BRI1 and the peptide hormone receptor HAESA...
March 27, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ning Yuan, Shuangrong Yuan, Zhigang Li, Man Zhou, Peipei Wu, Qian Hu, Venugopal Mendu, Liangjiang Wang, Hong Luo
Protein kinases play fundamental roles in plant development and environmental stress responses. Here, we identified the STRESS INDUCED FACTOR ( SIF ) gene family, which encodes four leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein kinases in Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ). The four genes, SIF1 to SIF4 , are clustered in the genome and highly conserved, but they have temporally and spatially distinct expression patterns. We employed Arabidopsis SIF knockout mutants and overexpression transgenics to examine SIF involvement during plant pathogen defense...
April 2018: Plant Physiology
Zhiqiang Zhang, Liping Xu
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant-specific steroidal hormones; BR homeostasis is crucial for various aspects of plant growth and development. However, to date, the BR inactivation process has not been thoroughly elucidated. In this study, we identified and characterized a novel BAHD family acyltransferase gene, BRASSINOSTEROID INACTIVATOR2 (BIA2), involved in BR inactivation. BIA2-overexpressing (OE-BIA2) plants displayed typical BR-deficient phenotypes, which were rescued by exogenous BR treatment. Real-time qRT-PCR and transcriptome analyses showed that expression levels of virtually all of the BR biosynthetic genes were increased, whereas the expression of many BR inactivation genes was reduced in OE-BIA2 plants...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Lei Wang, Elias Einig, Marilia Almeida-Trapp, Markus Albert, Judith Fliegmann, Axel Mithöfer, Hubert Kalbacher, Georg Felix
The discovery in tomato of systemin, the first plant peptide hormone1,2 , was a fundamental change for the concept of plant hormones. Numerous other peptides have since been shown to play regulatory roles in many aspects of the plant life, including growth, development, fertilization and interactions with symbiotic organisms3-6 . Systemin, an 18 amino acid peptide derived from a larger precursor protein 7 , was proposed to act as the spreading signal that triggers systemic defence responses observed in plants after wounding or attack by herbivores1,7,8 ...
March 2018: Nature Plants
Rui Miao, Meng Wang, Wei Yuan, Yan Ren, Ying Li, Na Zhang, Jianhua Zhang, Herbert J Kronzucker, Weifeng Xu
Plant roots respond to soil moisture gradients and remodel their growth orientation toward water through hydrotropism, a process vital for acclimation to a changing soil environment. Mechanisms underlying the root hydrotropic response, however, remain poorly understood. Here, we examined hydrotropism in 31 Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) ecotypes collected from different parts of the world and grown along moisture gradients in a specially designed soil-simulation system. Comparative transcriptome profiling and physiological analyses were carried out on three selected ecotypes, Wassilewskija (Ws), Columbia (Col-0) (strongly hydrotropic), Col-0 (moderately hydrotropic), and C24 (weakly hydrotropic), and in mutant lines with altered root hydrotropic responses...
April 2018: Plant Physiology
Jinggeng Zhou, Derui Liu, Ping Wang, Xiyu Ma, Wenwei Lin, Sixue Chen, Kiril Mishev, Dongping Lu, Rahul Kumar, Isabelle Vanhoutte, Xiangzong Meng, Ping He, Eugenia Russinova, Libo Shan
Plants largely rely on plasma membrane (PM)-resident receptor-like kinases (RLKs) to sense extracellular and intracellular stimuli and coordinate cell differentiation, growth, and immunity. Several RLKs have been shown to undergo internalization through the endocytic pathway with a poorly understood mechanism. Here, we show that endocytosis and protein abundance of the Arabidopsis brassinosteroid (BR) receptor, BR INSENSITIVE1 (BRI1), are regulated by plant U-box (PUB) E3 ubiquitin ligase PUB12- and PUB13-mediated ubiquitination...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Tong Liang, Shenglin Mei, Chen Shi, Yu Yang, Yao Peng, Libang Ma, Fei Wang, Xu Li, Xi Huang, Yanhai Yin, Hongtao Liu
UV-B light (UV-B radiation) is known to inhibit plant growth, but the mechanism is not well understood. UVR8 (UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8) is a UV-B light photoreceptor that mediates UV-B light responses in plants. We report here that UV-B inhibits plant growth by repressing plant steroid hormone brassinosteroid (BR)-promoted plant growth. UVR8 physically interacts with the functional dephosphorylated BES1 (BRI1-EMS-SUPPRESSOR1) and BIM1 (BES1-INTERACTING MYC-LIKE 1) transcription factors that mediate BR-regulated gene expression and plant growth to inhibit their activities...
February 26, 2018: Developmental Cell
Masato Saito, Yuki Kondo, Hiroo Fukuda
Vascular development is a good model for studying cell differentiation in plants. Two conductive tissues, the xylem and phloem, are derived from common stem cells known as procambial/cambial cells. Glycogen synthase kinase 3 proteins (GSK3s) play crucial roles in maintaining procambial/cambial cells by suppressing their differentiation into xylem or phloem cells. We previously designed an in vitro culture system for analyzing vascular cell differentiation named VISUAL (Vascular cell Induction culture System Using Arabidopsis Leaves)...
March 1, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
Eun-Seok Oh, Yeon Lee, Won Byoung Chae, Jana Jeevan Rameneni, Yong-Soon Park, Yong Pyo Lim, Man-Ho Oh
Protein post-translational modification by phosphorylation is essential for the activity and stability of proteins in higher plants and underlies their responses to diverse stimuli. There are more than 300 leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLKs), a major group of receptor-like kinases (RLKs) that plays an important role in growth, development, and biotic stress responses in higher plants. To analyze auto- and transphosphorylation patterns and kinase activities in vitro, 43 full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) sequences were cloned from genes encoding LRR-RLKs...
January 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hong Hanh Nguyen, Myoung Hui Lee, Kyungyoung Song, Gyeongik Ahn, Jihyeong Lee, Inhwan Hwang
Endocytosis and subsequent trafficking pathways are crucial for regulating the activity of plasma membrane-localized proteins. Depending on cellular and physiological conditions, the internalized cargoes are sorted at (and transported from) the trans-Golgi network/early endosome (TGN/EE) to the vacuole for degradation or recycled back to the plasma membrane. How this occurs at the molecular level remains largely elusive. Here, we provide evidence that the ENTH domain-containing protein AtECA4 plays a crucial role in recycling cargoes from the TGN/EE to the plasma membrane in Arabidopsis thaliana...
April 2, 2018: Molecular Plant
Ji Hyea Lee, Jeongyeo Lee, HyeRan Kim, Won Byoung Chae, Sun-Ju Kim, Yong Pyo Lim, Man-Ho Oh
Plants must constantly adjust their growth and defense responses to deal with the wide variety of stresses they encounter in their environment. Among phytohormones, brassinosteroids (BRs) are an important group of plant steroid hormones involved in numerous aspects of the plant lifecycle including growth, development, and responses to various stresses including insects. Here, we show that BRs regulate glucosinolate (GS) biosynthesis and function in insect herbivory. Preference tests and larval feeding experiments using the generalist herbivore, diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella), revealed that the larvae of this moth prefer to feed on Arabidopsis thaliana brassinosteroid insensitive 1 (bri1-5) plants than on wild-type Ws-2 or BRI1-Flag (bri1-5 background) transgenic plants, which leads an increase in larval weight...
January 5, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
Qinsong Liu, Thomas Vain, Corrado Viotti, Siamsa M Doyle, Danuše Tarkowská, Ondřej Novák, Cyril Zipfel, Folke Sitbon, Stéphanie Robert, Daniel Hofius
Brassinosteroid (BR) hormone signaling controls multiple processes during plant growth and development and is initiated at the plasma membrane through the receptor kinase BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE1 (BRI1) together with co-receptors such as BRI1-ASSOCIATED RECEPTOR KINASE1 (BAK1). BRI1 abundance is regulated by endosomal recycling and vacuolar targeting, but the role of vacuole-related proteins in BR receptor dynamics and BR responses remains elusive. Here, we show that the absence of two DUF300 domain-containing tonoplast proteins, LAZARUS1 (LAZ1) and LAZ1 HOMOLOG1 (LAZ1H1), causes vacuole morphology defects, growth inhibition, and constitutive activation of BR signaling...
April 2, 2018: Molecular Plant
Fidel Lozano-Elena, Ainoa Planas-Riverola, Josep Vilarrasa-Blasi, Rebecca Schwab, Ana I Caño-Delgado
Stem cell regeneration is crucial for both cell turnover and tissue healing in multicellular organisms. In Arabidopsis roots, a reduced group of cells known as the quiescent center (QC) act as a cell reservoir for surrounding stem cells during both normal growth and in response to external damage. Although cells of the QC have a very low mitotic activity, plant hormones such as brassinosteroids (BRs) can promote QC divisions. Here, we used a tissue-specific strategy to investigate the spatial signaling requirements of BR-mediated QC divisions...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
Hyunggon Mang, Baomin Feng, Zhangjian Hu, Aurélien Boisson-Dernier, Christina M Franck, Xiangzong Meng, Yanyan Huang, Jinggeng Zhou, Guangyuan Xu, Taotao Wang, Libo Shan, Ping He
Plants have evolved two tiers of immune receptors to detect infections: cell surface-resident pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that sense microbial signatures and intracellular nucleotide binding domain leucine-rich repeat (NLR) proteins that recognize pathogen effectors. How PRRs and NLRs interconnect and activate the specific and overlapping plant immune responses remains elusive. A genetic screen for components controlling plant immunity identified ANXUR1 (ANX1), a malectin-like domain-containing receptor-like kinase, together with its homolog ANX2, as important negative regulators of both PRR- and NLR-mediated immunity in Arabidopsis thaliana ANX1 constitutively associates with the bacterial flagellin receptor FLAGELLIN-SENSING2 (FLS2) and its coreceptor BRI1-ASSOCIATED RECEPTOR KINASE1 (BAK1)...
December 2017: Plant Cell
Keini Dressano, Paulo H O Ceciliato, Aparecida L Silva, Juan Carlos Guerrero-Abad, Tábata Bergonci, Fausto Andrés Ortiz-Morea, Marco Bürger, Marcio C Silva-Filho, Daniel S Moura
The rapid alkalinization factor (RALF) peptide negatively regulates cell expansion, and an antagonistic relationship has been demonstrated between AtRALF1, a root-specific RALF isoform in Arabidopsis, and brassinosteroids (BRs). An evaluation of the response of BR signaling mutants to AtRALF1 revealed that BRI1-associated receptor kinase1 (bak1) mutants are insensitive to AtRALF1 root growth inhibition activity. BAK1 was essential for the induction of AtRALF1-responsive genes but showed no effect on the mobilization of Ca2+ and alkalinization responses...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
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