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Elizabeth E Hopp, Stephanie M Cossette, Suresh N Kumar, Daniel Eastwood, Ramani Ramchandran, Erin Bishop
Sucrose non-fermenting related kinase (SNRK) is a serine/threonine kinase known to regulate cellular metabolism and adipocyte inflammation. Since alterations in adipocyte metabolism play a role in ovarian cancer metastasis, we investigated the expression of SNRK in benign and malignant human ovarian tissue using immunohistochemistry and qPCR. The number of SNRK positive (+) nuclei is increased in malignant tissue compared to benign tissue (21.03% versus 14.90%, p < .0431). The most strongly stained malignant SNRK+ nuclei were stage 1 compared to stage 2-4 disease...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Investigation
Mengmeng Zhu, Tong Zhang, Wei Ji, Cecilia Silva-Sanchez, Wen-Yuan Song, Sarah M Assmann, Alice C Harmon, Sixue Chen
Kinase-mediated phosphorylation is a pivotal regulatory process in stomatal responses to stresses. Through a redox proteomics study, a sucrose non-fermenting 1-related protein kinase (SnRK2.4) was identified to be redox-regulated in Brassica napus guard cells upon abscisic acid treatment. There are six genes encoding SnRK2.4 paralogs in B. napus Here, we show that recombinant BnSnRK2.4-1C exhibited autophosphorylation activity and preferentially phosphorylated the N-terminal region of B. napus slow anion channel (BnSLAC1-NT) over generic substrates...
July 17, 2017: Biochemical Journal
Juan Mao, Wenfang Li, Baoqin Mi, Mohammed Mujitaba Dawuda, Alejandro Calderón-Urrea, Zonghuan Ma, Yongmei Zhang, Baihong Chen
Exogenously applied 2% fructose is the most appropriate carbon source that enhances photosynthesis and growth of grape plantlets compared with the same concentrations of sucrose and glucose. The role of the sugars was regulated by the expression of key candidate genes related to hormones, key metabolic enzymes, and sugar metabolism of grape plantlets ( Vitis vinifera L.) grown in vitro. The addition of sugars including sucrose, glucose, and fructose is known to be very helpful for the development of grape (V...
May 26, 2017: Planta
Peng Wu, Wenli Wang, Weike Duan, Ying Li, Xilin Hou
The CDPK-SnRK (calcium-dependent protein kinase/Snf1-related protein kinase) gene superfamily plays important roles in signaling pathways for disease resistance and various stress responses, as indicated by emerging evidence. In this study, we constructed comparative analyses of gene structure, retention, expansion, whole-genome duplication (WGD) and expression patterns of CDPK-SnRK genes in Brassica rapa and their evolution in plants. A total of 49 BrCPKs, 14 BrCRKs, 3 BrPPCKs, 5 BrPEPRKs, and 56 BrSnRKs were identified in B...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Amy K Rines, Hsiang-Chun Chang, Rongxue Wu, Tatsuya Sato, Arineh Khechaduri, Hidemichi Kouzu, Jason Shapiro, Meng Shang, Michael A Burke, Xinghang Jiang, Chunlei Chen, Tenley A Rawlings, Gary D Lopaschuk, Paul T Schumacker, E Dale Abel, Hossein Ardehali
Ischaemic heart disease limits oxygen and metabolic substrate availability to the heart, resulting in tissue death. Here, we demonstrate that the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-related protein Snf1-related kinase (SNRK) decreases cardiac metabolic substrate usage and mitochondrial uncoupling, and protects against ischaemia/reperfusion. Hearts from transgenic mice overexpressing SNRK have decreased glucose and palmitate metabolism and oxygen consumption, but maintained power and function. They also exhibit decreased uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) and mitochondrial uncoupling...
January 24, 2017: Nature Communications
Stephanie M Cossette, Vijesh J Bhute, Xiaoping Bao, Leanne M Harmann, Mark A Horswill, Indranil Sinha, Adam Gastonguay, Shabnam Pooya, Michelle Bordas, Suresh N Kumar, Shama P Mirza, Sean P Palecek, Jennifer L Strande, Ramani Ramchandran
BACKGROUND: Cardiac metabolism is critical for the functioning of the heart, and disturbance in this homeostasis is likely to influence cardiac disorders or cardiomyopathy. Our laboratory has previously shown that SNRK (sucrose nonfermenting related kinase) enzyme, which belongs to the AMPK (adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase) family, was essential for cardiac metabolism in mammals. Snrk global homozygous knockout (KO) mice die at postnatal day 0, and conditional deletion of Snrk in cardiomyocytes (Snrk cmcKO) leads to cardiac failure and death by 8 to 10 months...
December 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
Fuqiang Cui, Mikael Brosché, Mikko T Lehtonen, Ali Amiryousefi, Enjun Xu, Matleena Punkkinen, Jari P T Valkonen, Hiroaki Fujii, Kirk Overmyer
The cuticle is the outer physical barrier of aerial plant surfaces and an important interaction point between plants and the environment. Many environmental stresses affect cuticle formation, yet the regulatory pathways involved remain undefined. We used a genetics and gene expression analysis in Arabidopsis thaliana to define an abscisic acid (ABA) signaling loop that positively regulates cuticle formation via the core ABA signaling pathway, including the PYR/PYL receptors, PP2C phosphatase, and SNF1-Related Protein Kinase (SnRK) 2...
June 6, 2016: Molecular Plant
Lianzhe Wang, Wei Hu, Jiutong Sun, Xiaoyu Liang, Xiaoyue Yang, Shuya Wei, Xiatian Wang, Yi Zhou, Qiang Xiao, Guangxiao Yang, Guangyuan He
The sucrose non-fermenting 1 (SNF1)-related protein kinases (SnRKs) play key roles in plant signaling pathways including responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. Although SnRKs have been systematically studied in Arabidopsis and rice, there is no information concerning SnRKs in the new Poaceae model plant Brachypodium distachyon. In the present study, a total of 44 BdSnRKs were identified and classified into three subfamilies, including three members of BdSnRK1, 10 of BdSnRK2 and 31 of BdSnRK3 (CIPK) subfamilies...
August 2015: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Carson M Andorf, Mykhailo Kopylov, Drena Dobbs, Karen E Koch, M Elizabeth Stroupe, Carolyn J Lawrence, Hank W Bass
The G-quadruplex (G4) elements comprise a class of nucleic acid structures formed by stacking of guanine base quartets in a quadruple helix. This G4 DNA can form within or across single-stranded DNA molecules and is mutually exclusive with duplex B-form DNA. The reversibility and structural diversity of G4s make them highly versatile genetic structures, as demonstrated by their roles in various functions including telomere metabolism, genome maintenance, immunoglobulin gene diversification, transcription, and translation...
December 20, 2014: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
Stephanie M Cossette, Adam J Gastonguay, Xiaoping Bao, Alexandra Lerch-Gaggl, Ling Zhong, Leanne M Harmann, Christopher Koceja, Robert Q Miao, Padmanabhan Vakeel, Changzoon Chun, Keguo Li, Jamie Foeckler, Michelle Bordas, Hartmut Weiler, Jennifer Strande, Sean P Palecek, Ramani Ramchandran
In this study, we have identified a novel member of the AMPK family, namely Sucrose non-fermenting related kinase (Snrk), that is responsible for maintaining cardiac metabolism in mammals. SNRK is expressed in the heart, and brain, and in cell types such as endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells and cardiomyocytes (CMs). Snrk knockout (KO) mice display enlarged hearts, and die at postnatal day 0. Microarray analysis of embryonic day 17.5 Snrk hearts, and blood profile of neonates display defect in lipid metabolic pathways...
2014: Biology Open
Ren-You Gan, Hua-Bin Li
Liver kinase B1 (LKB1), known as a serine/threonine kinase, has been identified as a critical cancer suppressor in many cancer cells. It is a master upstream kinase of 13 AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-related protein kinases, and possesses versatile biological functions. LKB1 gene is mutated in many cancers, and its protein can form different protein complexes with different cellular localizations in various cell types. The expression of LKB1 can be regulated through epigenetic modification, transcriptional regulation and post-translational modification...
2014: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jingli Yan, Fangfang Niu, Wu-Zhen Liu, Hanfeng Zhang, Boya Wang, Wenzhi Lan, Yufen Che, Bo Yang, Sheng Luan, Yuan-Qing Jiang
Calcium is a ubiquitous intracellular secondary messenger in plants. Calcineurin B-like proteins (CBLs), which contain four Ca(2+)-binding EF hand motifs, are Ca(2+) sensors and regulate a group of Ser/Thr protein kinases called CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs). Although the CBL-CIPK network has been demonstrated to play crucial roles in plant development and responses to various environmental stresses in Arabidopsis, little is known about their function in glucose signaling. In the present study, we identified CIPK14 gene from Arabidopsis that play a role in glucose signaling...
August 8, 2014: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Agyemang Danquah, Axel de Zelicourt, Jean Colcombet, Heribert Hirt
As sessile organisms, plants have developed specific mechanisms that allow them to rapidly perceive and respond to stresses in the environment. Among the evolutionarily conserved pathways, the ABA (abscisic acid) signaling pathway has been identified as a central regulator of abiotic stress response in plants, triggering major changes in gene expression and adaptive physiological responses. ABA induces protein kinases of the SnRK family to mediate a number of its responses. Recently, MAPK (mitogen activated protein kinase) cascades have also been shown to be implicated in ABA signaling...
January 2014: Biotechnology Advances
Yong-Hua Liu, Christina E Offler, Yong-Ling Ruan
A large body of evidence shows that sugars function both as nutrients and signals to regulate fruit and seed set under normal and stress conditions including heat and drought. Inadequate sucrose import to, and its degradation within, reproductive organs cause fruit and seed abortion under heat and drought. As nutrients, sucrose-derived hexoses provide carbon skeletons and energy for growth and development of fruits and seeds. Sugar metabolism can also alleviate the impact of stress on fruit and seed through facilitating biosynthesis of heat shock proteins (Hsps) and non-enzymic antioxidants (e...
2013: Frontiers in Plant Science
Yujie Li, Yaohui Nie, Ynes Helou, Guoxian Ding, Bin Feng, Gang Xu, Arthur Salomon, Haiyan Xu
In this study, the role of sucrose non-fermenting-related kinase (SNRK) in white adipocyte biology was investigated. SNRK is abundantly expressed in adipose tissue, and the expression level is decreased in obese mice. SNRK expression is repressed by inflammatory signals but increased by insulin sensitizer in cultured adipocytes. In vivo, adipose tissue SNRK expression can be decreased by lipid injection but enhanced by macrophage ablation. Knocking down SNRK in cultured adipocytes activates both JNK and IKKβ pathways as well as promotes lipolysis...
July 2013: Diabetes
Yanping Wang, Lin Li, Tiantian Ye, Yuming Lu, Xi Chen, Yan Wu
Seed germination and flowering initiation are both transitions responding to similar seasonal cues. This study shows that ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE MUTANT 5 (ABI5), a bZIP transcription factor, which plays an important role in the abscisic acid (ABA)-arrested seed germination, is robustly associated with the floral transition in Arabidopsis. Under long-day conditions, overexpression of ABI5 could delay floral transition through upregulating FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) expression. In contrast, ectopically overexpressing FLC in an abi5 mutant reversed the earlier flowering phenotype...
January 2013: Journal of Experimental Botany
Tim Lynch, B Joy Erickson, Ruth R Finkelstein
Abscisic acid (ABA) signaling via the pyrabactin-resistant and related (PYR/PYL/RCAR) receptors begins with ABA-dependent inactivation of the ABA-insensitive(ABI)-clade protein phosphatases(PP)2Cs, thereby permitting phosphorylation and activation of the Snf1-related (SnRK)2 clade of protein kinases, and activation of their downstream targets such as ABA-response element binding basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors (ABF/AREB/ABI5 clade). Several of these are also activated by calcium-dependent protein kinases such as CPK11...
December 2012: Plant Molecular Biology
Mi Jung Kim, Mi-Jeong Park, Pil Joon Seo, Jin-Su Song, Hie-Joon Kim, Chung-Mo Park
Controlled proteolytic activation of membrane-anchored transcription factors provides an adaptation strategy that guarantees rapid transcriptional responses to abrupt environmental stresses in both animals and plants. NTL6 is a plant-specific NAC [NAM/ATAF1/2/CUC2] transcription factor that is expressed as a dormant plasma membrane-associated form in Arabidopsis. Proteolytic processing of NTL6 is triggered by abiotic stresses and ABA (abscisic acid). In the present study, we show that NTL6 is linked directly with SnRK (Snf1-related protein kinase) 2...
December 15, 2012: Biochemical Journal
Amy K Rines, Michael A Burke, Richard P Fernandez, Olga V Volpert, Hossein Ardehali
Sucrose nonfermenting 1 (Snf1)-related kinase (SNRK) is a serine/threonine kinase with sequence similarity to AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK); however, its function is not well characterized. We conducted a gene array to determine which genes are regulated by SNRK. The array demonstrated that SNRK overexpression increased the levels of genes involved in cell proliferation, including calcyclin-binding protein (CacyBP), a member of the ubiquitin ligase complex that targets nonphosphorylated β-catenin for degradation...
November 2012: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Hiroaki Fujii, Jian-Kang Zhu
Plants face various kinds of environmental stresses, including drought, salinity, and low temperature, which cause osmotic stress. An understanding of the plant signaling pathways that respond to osmotic stress is important for both basic biology and agriculture. In this review, we summarize recent investigations concerning the SNF1-related protein kinase (SnRK) 2 kinase family, which play central roles in osmotic stress responses. SnRK2s are activated by osmotic stress, and a mutant lacking SnRK2s is hypersensitive to osmotic stress...
October 2012: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
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