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Benedikt Wigger, Thomas Meissner, Alexander Förste, Volker Jetter, André Zimmermann
A Physical Unclonable Function uses random and inherent properties of a physical entity and can be used to uniquely identify components e.g., for anti-counterfeiting purposes. In this work we demonstrate that the surface patterns of injection moulded plastic components themselves are inherently unique and hence can be used as a PUF for reliable and secure identification. We further demonstrate that these unique surface patterns are easily accessible since they can be photographed with a simple camera set-up...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chun-Yung Huang, Chia-Hung Kuo, Chien-Hui Wu, Ming-Wei Ku, Po-Wei Chen
Chitosan is produced by thermochemical alkaline deacetylation of chitin, but the process is usually environmentally problematic. In the present study, Illex argentinus squid pen chitin, after de-proteinization and demineralization, was pretreated with a compressional-puffing (CP) process under various puffing pressures. The CP process facilitated the increase of the crystalline index and degree of deacetylation of chitins. The CP-treated chitins were subjected to further extraction of chitosan, and four chitosan isolates (CI1-CI4) were obtained...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Liyun Zhang, Devin G Peterson
Differences in the taste profile of corn puffed products formulated with refined versus whole grain mix flour were characterized. The perceived bitter intensity was reported to be the main taste difference between the samples. Based on multidimensional sensory-guided fractionation techniques and subsequent identification by MS and NMR analysis, the primary bitter compounds identified in the whole grain sample were l-tryptophan, chaenorpine, N1 ,N5 -Di-[E]-p-coumaroyl-spermidine, and terrestribisamide. All compounds were reported to contribute to bitterness perception at the concentrations reported in the saliva after mastication of the extruded products; chaenorphine had the highest contribution to the perceived bitterness...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Richard W Foltin
The reinforcing efficacy of vaporized methamphetamine HCl (0.3 mg/kg) was determined in baboons with minimal previous drug exposure. A group of 8 adult male baboons was tested prior to a group of 7 adult female baboons. Baboons were initially trained to suck on a brass stem activating a pressure-sensitive relay (i.e., puff), to receive one M&M® candy. Five of the 8 males and 6 of the 7 females learned to activate the relay. 0.05 ml of 95% ethyl alcohol containing 0.3 mg/kg methamphetamine was vaporized and delivered to the mouth of the baboon after he/she completed 2 puffs; a single candy was given after an additional 5 puffs to ensure that baboons continued puffing after the aerosol entered their mouths...
March 12, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Ganga Anil Kumar, Kuppuswamy Subramaniam
Pairing of homologous chromosomes is essential for genetic recombination during gametogenesis. In many organisms, chromosome ends are attached to cytoplasmic dynein, and dynein-driven chromosomal movements facilitate the pairing process. Factors that promote / control the cytoskeletal tethering of chromosomes are largely unknown. Here, we show that the conserved RNA-binding protein PUF-8 facilitates the tethering and pairing processes in the C. elegans germline by promoting proteasome activity. We have isolated a hypomorphic allele of pas-1 , which encodes a proteasome core subunit, and find that the homologous chromosomes fail to pair in the puf-8; pas-1 double mutant due to failure of chromosome tethering...
March 14, 2018: Development
Barbara Davis, Monique Williams, Prue Talbot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate performance of the I quit original smoking (iQOS) heat-not-burn system as a function of cleaning and puffing topography, investigate the validity of manufacturer's claims that this device does not burn tobacco and determine if the polymer-film filter is potentially harmful. METHODS: iQOS performance was evaluated using five running conditions incorporating two different cleaning protocols. Heatsticks were visually and stereomicroscopically inspected preuse and postuse to determine the extent of tobacco plug charring (from pyrolysis) and polymer-film filter melting, and to elucidate the effects of cleaning on charring...
March 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Konstantinos E Farsalinos, Vassilis Voudris
INTRODUCTION: A recent study identified up to 10,000-fold higher aldehyde emissions from flavoured compared to unflavoured e-cigarette liquids. We set to replicate this study and also test similar flavourings with a new-generation e-cigarette device. METHODS: Three liquids with the highest levels of aldehyde emissions in the previous study were tested (in standard and sweetened versions) using the same e-cigarette device and puffing patterns. Additionally, similar flavourings from a different manufacturer were tested using a new-generation e-cigarette device...
February 28, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
He Xu, Jie Ding, Peng Li, Feng Zhu, Ruchuan Wang
With the fast development of the Internet of Things, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has been widely applied into many areas. Nevertheless, security problems of the RFID technology are also gradually exposed, when it provides life convenience. In particular, the appearance of a large number of fake and counterfeit goods has caused massive loss for both producers and customers, for which the clone tag is a serious security threat. If attackers acquire the complete information of a tag, they can then obtain the unique identifier of the tag by some technological means...
March 2, 2018: Sensors
Yang-Yang Zhao, Miao-Wei Mao, Wen-Jing Zhang, Jue Wang, Hai-Tao Li, Yi Yang, Zefeng Wang, Jia-Wei Wu
Specific manipulation of RNA is necessary for the research in biotechnology and medicine. The RNA-binding domains of Pumilio/fem-3 mRNA binding factors (PUF domains) are programmable RNA binding scaffolds used to engineer artificial proteins that specifically modulate RNAs. However, the native PUF domains generally recognize 8-nt RNAs, limiting their applications. Here, we modify the PUF domain of human Pumilio1 to engineer PUFs that recognize RNA targets of different length. The engineered PUFs bind to their RNA targets specifically and PUFs with more repeats have higher binding affinity than the canonical eight-repeat domains; however, the binding affinity reaches the peak at those with 9 and 10 repeats...
February 27, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Xiaoying Liang, Kevin J Hart, Gang Dong, Faiza A Siddiqui, Aswathy Sebastian, Xiaolian Li, Istvan Albert, Jun Miao, Scott E Lindner, Liwang Cui
In this study, we characterized a Puf family gene member, Puf3, in the malaria parasites Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium yoelii Secondary structure prediction suggested that the RNA-binding domains of Puf3s consisted of 11 pumilio repeats, similar to those in human Puf-A and yeast Puf6, which are involved in ribosome biogenesis. Neither pfpuf3 nor pypuf3 could be genetically disrupted, suggesting they may be essential for the intraerythrocytic developmental cycle. Cellular fractionation of PfPuf3 revealed preferential partitioning to the nuclear fraction, consistent with nuclear localization of PfPuf3::GFP and PyPuf3::GFP detected by immunofluorescence...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
A de la Torre, B Barbas, P Sanz, I Navarro, B Artíñano, M A Martínez
Urban ambient air samples, including gas-phase (PUF), total suspended particulates (TSP), PM10 , PM2.5 and PM1 airborne particle fractions were collected to evaluate gas-particle partitioning and size particle distribution of traditional and novel halogenated flame retardants. Simultaneously, passive air samplers (PAS) were deployed in the same location. Analytes included 33 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (BB-153), hexabromobenzene (HBB), pentabromoethylbenzene (PBEB), 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane (BTBPE), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), dechloranes (Dec 602, 603, 604, 605 or Dechorane plus (DP)) and chlordane plus (CP)...
February 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Brian C Grubel, Bryan T Bosworth, Michael R Kossey, A Brinton Cooper, Mark A Foster, Amy C Foster
We present a secure communication system constructed using pairs of nonlinear photonic physical unclonable functions (PUFs) that harness physical chaos in integrated silicon micro-cavities. Compared to a large, electronically stored one-time pad, our method provisions large amounts of information within the intrinsically complex nanostructure of the micro-cavities. By probing a micro-cavity with a rapid sequence of spectrally-encoded ultrafast optical pulses and measuring the lightwave responses, we experimentally demonstrate the ability to extract 2...
February 19, 2018: Optics Express
Åke Stenholm, Mikael Hedeland, Torbjörn Arvidsson, Curt E Pettersson
This paper describes the search for procedures through which the xenobiotic pollutant diclofenac can be removed from non-sterile aquatic systems. Specifically, adsorption to solid supports (carriers) in combination with biodegradation by non-immobilized and immobilized white rot fungus (WRF) Trametes versicolor were investigated. Batch experiments using polyurethane foam (PUF)-carriers resulted in 99.9% diclofenac removal after 4 h, with monolayer adsorption of diclofenac to carrier and glass surfaces accounting for most of the diclofenac decrease...
February 21, 2018: Environmental Technology
Nathan Eddingsaas, Todd Pagano, Cody Cummings, Irfan Rahman, Risa Robinson, Edward Hensel
This work investigates emissions sampling methods employed for qualitative identification of compounds in e-liquids and their resultant aerosols to assess what capture methods may be sufficient to identify harmful and potentially harmful constituents present. Three popular e-liquid flavors (cinnamon, mango, vanilla) were analyzed using qualitative gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in the un-puffed state. Each liquid was also machine-puffed under realistic-use flow rate conditions and emissions were captured using two techniques: filter pads and methanol impingers...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Qilu Li, Kong Yang, Jun Li, Xiangying Zeng, Zhiqiang Yu, Gan Zhang
In this study, we conducted an assessment of polyurethane foam (PUF) passive sampling for metals combining active sampling. Remarkably, we found that the metals collected in the passive samples differed greatly from those collected in active samples. By composition, Cu and Ni accounted for significantly higher proportions in passive samples than in active samples, leading to significantly higher uptake rates of Cu and Ni. In assessing seasonal variation, metals in passive samples had higher concentrations in summer (excluding Heshan), which differed greatly from the pattern of active samples (winter > summer), indicating that the uptake rates of most metals were higher in summer than in winter...
February 6, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Jason Adamson, Tomasz Jaunky, David Thorne, Marianna D Gaça
Traditional in vitro exposure to combustible tobacco products utilise exposure systems that include the use of smoking machines to generate, dilute and deliver smoke to in vitro cell cultures. With reported lower emissions from next generation tobacco and nicotine products (NGPs), including e-cigarettes and tobacco heating products (THPs), diluting the aerosol is potentially not required. Herein we present a simplified exposure scenario to undiluted NGP aerosols, using a new puffing system called the LM4E. Nicotine delivery from an e-cigarette was used as a dosimetry marker, and was measured at source across 4 LM4E ports and in the exposure chamber...
February 5, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Cassandra Rauert, Jasmin K Schuster, Anita Eng, Tom Harner
Polyurethane foam (PUF) disk passive air samples, deployed during 2014 in the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) Network, were analysed for a range of flame retardants (FRs) including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), brominated and chlorinated novel FRs and organophosphate esters (OPEs). Mean concentrations of PBDEs and novel FRs at the 48 sites monitored ranged from 0.097 to 93 pg/m3 for Σ14PBDEs and from below detection limits to 126 pg/m3 for Σ15novel FRs. For PBDEs, the detected concentrations were similar to those previously reported from samples collected in 2005 at GAPS sites, suggesting global background atmospheric concentrations of PBDEs have not declined since regulatory measures were implemented...
February 6, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Miguel R Carro-Temboury, Riikka Arppe, Tom Vosch, Thomas Just Sørensen
Secure data encryption relies heavily on one-way functions, and copy protection relies on features that are difficult to reproduce. We present an optical authentication system based on lanthanide luminescence from physical one-way functions or physical unclonable functions (PUFs). They cannot be reproduced and thus enable unbreakable encryption. Further, PUFs will prevent counterfeiting if tags with unique PUFs are grafted onto products. We have developed an authentication system that comprises a hardware reader, image analysis, and authentication software and physical keys that we demonstrate as an anticounterfeiting system...
January 2018: Science Advances
Fataneh Hashempour-Baltork, Mohammadali Torbati, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi, Geoffrey P Savage
Puffed corn snacks are tasty and affordable cereal-based food products which have a relatively poor nutritional quality. Sesame seed is a rich source of essential amino and fatty acids, phenolic compounds, tocopherols, and antioxidants. In this study, puffed corn snacks were produced by incorporating sesame powder at 0% (control sample), 5%, 10%, and 15% levels in its formulation and stored at room temperature (24°C) for 60 days. Fatty acid composition, tocopherol, sesamin and sesamolin, phenolic compounds, peroxide value (PV), acidity (AV), and sensory evaluation of the samples were determined...
January 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Ming Wang, Laurent Ogé, Maria-Dolores Perez-Garcia, Latifa Hamama, Soulaiman Sakr
Post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression plays a crucial role in many processes. In cells, it is mediated by diverse RNA-binding proteins. These proteins can influence mRNA stability, translation, and localization. The PUF protein family (Pumilio and FBF) is composed of RNA-binding proteins highly conserved among most eukaryotic organisms. Previous investigations indicated that they could be involved in many processes by binding corresponding motifs in the 3'UTR or by interacting with other proteins...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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