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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917313/field-evaluation-of-poultry-red-mite-dermanyssus-gallinae-native-and-recombinant-prototype-vaccines
#1
Kathryn Bartley, Frank Turnbull, Harry W Wright, John F Huntley, Javier Palarea-Albaladejo, Mintu Nath, Alasdair J Nisbet
Vaccination is a desirable emerging strategy to combat poultry red mite (PRM), Dermanyssus gallinae. We performed trials, in laying hens in a commercial-style cage facility, to test the vaccine efficacy of a native preparation of soluble mite extract (SME) and of a recombinant antigen cocktail vaccine containing bacterially-expressed versions of the immunogenic SME proteins Deg-SRP-1, Deg-VIT-1 and Deg-PUF-1. Hens (n=384 per group) were injected with either vaccine or adjuvant only (control group) at 12 and 17 weeks of age and then challenged with PRM 10days later...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917240/snack-and-beverage-consumption-and-preferences-in-a-sample-of-chinese-children-are-they-influenced-by-advertising
#2
Peng Liu, Yang Yu, Lesley King, Mu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The consumption of unhealthy snack and beverages can lead to childhood obesity, which has become a major concern globally. Television food advertisements may influence children's snack and beverages preferences. This article aims to explore children's snack and beverage consumption habits; examine the extent of television advertising for non-core (energy-dense, nutrient poor) snack and beverages; and assess the influence of television advertising on children's snack and beverages preferences in Harbin, China...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915478/studying-the-interactive-effects-of-menthol-and-nicotine-among-youth-an-examination-using-e-cigarettes
#3
Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Barry G Green, Grace Kong, Dana A Cavallo, Peter Jatlow, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Eugenia Buta, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Tobacco products containing menthol are widely used by youth. We used e-cigarettes to conduct an experimental evaluation of the independent and interactive effects of menthol and nicotine among youth. PROCEDURES: Pilot chemosensory experiments with fourteen e-cigarette users identified low (barely perceptible, 0.5%) and high (similar to commercial e-liquid, 3.5%) menthol concentrations. Sixty e-cigarette users were randomized to a nicotine concentration (0mg/ml, 6mg/ml, 12mg/ml) and participated in 3 laboratory sessions...
August 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914756/an-anti-electromagnetic-attack-puf-based-on-a-configurable-ring-oscillator-for-wireless-sensor-networks
#4
Zhaojun Lu, Dongfang Li, Hailong Liu, Mingyang Gong, Zhenglin Liu
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are an emerging technology employed in some crucial applications. However, limited resources and physical exposure to attackers make security a challenging issue for a WSN. Ring oscillator-based physical unclonable function (RO PUF) is a potential option to protect the security of sensor nodes because it is able to generate random responses efficiently for a key extraction mechanism, which prevents the non-volatile memory from storing secret keys. In order to deploy RO PUF in a WSN, hardware efficiency, randomness, uniqueness, and reliability should be taken into account...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911793/passive-air-sampling-of-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-new-delhi-kolkata-mumbai-and-chennai-levels-homologous-profiling-and-source-apportionment
#5
Paromita Chakraborty, Gan Zhang, Hairong Cheng, Prithiviraj Balasubramanian, Jun Li, Kevin C Jones
Several studies in the recent past reported new sources for industrial persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from metropolitan cities of India. To fill the data gap for atmospheric polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polyurethane foam disk passive air sampling (PUF-PAS) was conducted along urban-suburban-rural transects in four quadrilateral cities viz., New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai from northern, eastern, western and southern India respectively. Average concentration of Σ8PBDEs in pg/m(3) for New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai were 198, 135, 264 and 144 respectively...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899187/book-review-l-%C3%A3%C2%AAtre-et-le-genre-homme-femme-apr%C3%A3-s-lacan-being-and-gender-man-woman-after-lacan-l-%C3%A3%C2%AAtre-et-le-genre-homme-femme-apr%C3%A3-s-lacan-being-and-gender-man-woman-after-lacan-by-leguil-clotilde-paris-puf-2015-xiv-226-pp-34-80-paperback
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892723/evaluation-of-a-novel-test-design-to-determine-uptake-of-chemicals-by-plant-roots
#7
Marc Lamshoeft, Zhenglei Gao, Herbert Resseler, Carola Schriever, Robin Sur, Paul Sweeney, Sarah Webb, Birgit Zillgens, Marco U Reitz
A new hydroponic study design to determine uptake of chemicals by plant roots was tested by (i) investigating uptake of [(14)C]-1,2,4-triazole by wheat plants in a ring test with ten laboratory organizations and (ii) studying uptake of ten other radiolabelled chemicals by potato, tomato or wheat plants in two laboratories. Replicate data from the ring test were used to calculate plant uptake factor (PUF) values (uptake into roots and shoots) and transpiration stream concentration factor (TSCF) values (uptake into shoots)...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888448/effect-of-explosion-puffed-coffee-on-locomotor-activity-and-behavioral-patterns-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#8
Bong Soo Ko, So Hyun Ahn, Dong Ouk Noh, Ki-Bae Hong, Sung Hee Han, Hyung Joo Suh
We hypothesized that the administration of explosion-puffed coffee, containing γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), would be associated with a reduction of the caffeine effect on sleep behavior and behavioral patterns, which was investigated in a Drosophila model. The effects of feeding roasted coffee beans (RB), explosion-puffed coffee beans puffed at 0.75MPa and 0.9MPa (PB 7.5 and PB 9.0, respectively), or decaffeinated coffee beans (DeRB) on locomotor activity and behavioral patterns of Drosophila was analyzed...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880246/dental-composite-formulation-design-with-bioactivity-on-protein-adsorption-combined-with-crack-healing-capability
#9
Chen Chen, Junling Wu, Michael D Weir, Lin Wang, Xuedong Zhou, Hockin H K Xu, Mary Anne S Melo
Fracture and secondary caries are the primary reasons for the failure of dental restorations. To face this omnipresent problem, we report the formulation design and synthesis of a protein-resistant dental composite composed of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) that also can self-repair damage and recover the load-bearing capability via microencapsulated triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) and N,N-dihydroxy ethyl-p-toluidine (DHEPT). The bioactivity of the resulting MPC-microencapsulated TEGDMA-DHEPT was evaluated on protein adsorption through early bacterial attachment...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877997/the-pumilio-domain-protein-puf6-contributes-to-sider2-retroposon-mediated-mrna-decay-in-leishmania
#10
Hiva Azizi, Carole Dumas, Barbara Papadopoulou
Leishmania and other trypanosomatid protozoa lack control at the level of transcription initiation and regulate gene expression exclusively posttranscriptionally. We have reported previously that Leishmania harbors a unique class of Short Interspersed DEgenerate Retroposons (SIDERs) that are predominantly located within 3'UTRs and play a major role in posttranscriptional control. We have shown that members of the SIDER2 subfamily initiate mRNA decay through endonucleolytic cleavage within the second conserved 79-nt signature sequence of SIDER2 retroposons...
September 6, 2017: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872928/sex-gender-differences-in-cotinine-levels-among-daily-smokers-in-the-pennsylvania-adult-smoking-study
#11
Allshine Chen, Nicolle M Krebs, Junjia Zhu, Dongxiao Sun, Andrea Stennett, Joshua E Muscat
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine sex/gender differences in smoke exposure and to quantify the role of potential predictors including puffing behaviors, nicotine dependence, and non-nicotinic factors. METHODS: The Pennsylvania Adult Smoking Study (PASS) of 332 adult cigarette smokers utilized portable handheld topography devices to capture the smokers' profiles in a naturalistic environment. Sex/gender differences in salivary biomarkers were modeled using ANCOVA to account for measures of dependence (Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, nicotine metabolite ratio [3-hydroxycotinine/cotinine]), and nondependence covariates including anthropomorphic factors and stress...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853624/prevention-of-recurrent-lower-urinary-tract-infections-in-postmenopausal-women-with-genitourinary-syndrome-outcome-after-6-months-of-treatment-with-ospemifene
#12
Michele Carlo Schiavi, Anna Di Pinto, Valentina Sciuga, Pierangelo Faiano, Chiara Di Tucci, Ottavia D'oria, Angela Martoccia, Giovanni Prata, Carlo Carraro, Rosa Ostuni, Marzio Angelo Zullo, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
Aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ospemifene in the prevention of recurrent lower urinary tract infections in postmenopausal women with vulvovaginal atrophy. The study have a retrospective design. Thirty-nine patients were enrolled. Patients underwent clinical examination and urine culture. The urinary symptoms and the quality of life were evaluated with UTISA score, PUF and SF-36 questionnaires before and after treatment. All 39 patients received ospemifene 60 mg one tablet/daily for 6 months...
August 30, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846456/technologies-for-enhancement-of-bioactive-components-and-potential-health-benefits-of-cereal-and-cereal-based-foods-research-advances-and-application-challenges
#13
Ahmed S M Saleh, Peng Wang, Na Wang, Shu Yang, Zhigang Xiao
Cereal grains are a major source of human food and their production has steadily been increased during the last several decades to meet the demand of our increasing world population. The modernized society and the expansion of the cereal food industry created a need for highly efficient processing technologies, especially flour production. Earlier scientific research efforts have led to the invention of the modern steel roller mill, and the refined flour of wheat has become a basic component in most of cereal-based foods such as breads and pastries because of the unique functionality of wheat protein...
August 28, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826985/novel-self-healing-dental-luting-cements-with-microcapsules-for-indirect-restorations
#14
Junling Wu, Qiang Zhang, Michael D Weir, Thomas W Oates, Chuanjian Zhou, Xiaofeng Chang, Hockin H K Xu
OBJECTIVES: Dental luting cements are widely used to bond indirect restorations to teeth. Microcracks often lead to cement failures. The objectives of this study were to develop the first self-healing luting cement, and investigate dentin bond strength, mechanical properties, crack-healing, and self-healing durability in water-aging for 6 months. METHODS: Microcapsules of poly(urea-formaldehyde) (PUF) shells with triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) as healing liquid were synthesized...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822877/temporary-removal-assessment-of-tobacco-heating-product-thp1-0-part-8-study-to-determine-puffing-topography-mouth-level-exposure-and-consumption-among-japanese-users
#15
Jodie Gee, Krishna Prasad, Sandra Slayford, Adam Gray, Kathryn Nother, Anthony Cunningham, Eleni Mavropoulou, Christopher Proctor
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
August 16, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822392/optimal-modified-frailty-index-cutoff-in-older-gastrointestinal-cancer-patients
#16
Mary Garland, Fang-Chi Hsu, Perry Shen, Clancy J Clark
The newly characterized modified frailty index (mFI) is a robust predictor of postoperative outcomes for surgical patients. The present study investigates the optimal cutoff for mFI specifically in older gastrointestinal (GI) cancer patients undergoing surgery. All patients more than 60 years old who underwent surgery for a GI malignancy (esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, liver, and bile duct) were identified in the 2005 to 2012 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, Participant Use Data File (NSQIP PUF)...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819968/popcorn-derived-porous-carbon-flakes-with-an-ultrahigh-specific-surface-area-for-superior-performance-supercapacitors
#17
Jianhua Hou, Kun Jiang, Rui Wei, Muhammad Tahir, Xiaoge Wu, Ming Shen, Xiaozhi Wang, Chuanbao Cao
Popcorn-derived porous carbon flakes have been successfully fabricated from the biomass of maize. Utilizing the "puffing effect", the nubby maize grain turned into materials with an interconnected honeycomb-like porous structure composed of carbon flakes. The following chemical activation method enabled the as-prepared products to possess optimized porous structures for electrochemical energy-storage devices, such as multilayer flake-like structures, ultrahigh specific surface area (SBET: 3301 m(2) g(-1)), and a high content of micropores (microporous surface area of 95%, especially the optimized sub-nanopores with the size of 0...
September 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816606/scale-up-of-puf-immobilized-fungal-chitosanase-lipase-preparation-production
#18
Katarzyna Struszczyk-Świta, Łukasz Stańczyk, Mirosława Szczęsna-Antczak, Tadeusz Antczak
Mucor circinelloides IBT-83 mycelium that exhibits both lipolytic (AL) and chitosanolytic (ACH) activities was immobilized into polyurethane foam (PUF) in a 30 L laboratory fermenter. The process of immobilization was investigated in terms of: the carrier porosity, its type, amount and shape, location inside the fermenter, mixing and aeration parameters during the culture, as well as downstream processing operations. The selected conditions allowed for immobilization of approx. 7 g of defatted and dried mycelium in 1 g of carrier, i...
August 17, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812874/three-dimensional-highly-stretchable-conductors-from-elastic-fiber-mat-with-conductive-polymer-coating
#19
Shasha Duan, Zhihui Wang, Ling Zhang, Jin Liu, Chunzhong Li
The manufacture of stretchable conductors with well-reserved electrical performance under large-degree deformations via scalable processes remains of great importance. In this work, a highly stretchable 3D conductive framework consisting of a polyurethane fiber mat (PUF) and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) is reported through facile approaches, electrospinning, and in situ interfacial polymerization, which was then backfilled with poly(dimethylsiloxane) to obtain 3D conductors. The excellent stretchability of the 3D conductive network imparted the as-prepared electrode a superior mechanical durability...
September 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808937/high-performance-biogas-upgrading-using-a-biotrickling-filter-and-hydrogenotrophic-methanogens
#20
Trisha L Dupnock, Marc A Deshusses
This research reports the development of a biotrickling filter (BTF) to upgrade biogas, which is achieved by adding H2 to reduce CO2. H2 and CO2 (80:20% vol.) were fed to a bench-scale BTF packed with polyurethane foam (PUF) and inoculated with hydrogenotrophic methanogens. Maximum CH4 production rates recorded were as high as 38 m(3)CH4 m(-3)reactor day(-1), which is 5-30 times faster than earlier reports with other kinds of bioreactors. The high rates were attributed to the efficient mass transfer and high density of methanogens in the BTF...
August 14, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
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