keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Analgesic efficacy during operation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416174/-ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-analgesia-after-cesarean-delivery-case-series
#1
Ilana Sebbag, Fatemah Qasem, Shalini Dhir
INTRODUCTION: The majority of women having planned cesarean section receive spinal anesthesia for the procedure. Typically, spinal opioids are administered during the same time as a component of multimodal analgesia to provide pain relief in the 16-24h period postoperatively. The quadratus lumborum block is a regional analgesic technique that blocks T5-L1 nerve branches and has an evolving role in postoperative analgesia for lower abdominal surgeries and may be a potential alternative to spinal opioids...
April 14, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374466/post-operative-pain-relief-using-local-infiltration-analgesia-during-open-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#2
J M Hayden, J Oras, O I Karlsson, K G Olausson, S-E Thörn, A Gupta
BACKGROUND: Post-operative pain is common and often severe after open abdominal hysterectomy, and analgesic consumption high. This study assessed the efficacy of local infiltration analgesia (LIA) injected systematically into different tissues during surgery compared with saline on post-operative pain and analgesia. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients were randomized to Group LIA (n = 29) consisting of 156 ml of a mixture of 0.2% ropivacaine + 30 mg ketorolac + 0.5 mg (5 ml) adrenaline, where the drugs were injected systematically in the operating site, around the proximal vagina, the ligaments, in the fascia and subcutaneously, or to saline and intravenous ketorolac, Group C (Control, n = 28), in a double-blind study...
May 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338301/analgesia-for-patients-undergoing-shockwave-lithotripsy-for-urinary-stones-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Omar M Aboumarzouk, Rami Hasan, Ali Tasleem, Martin Mariappan, Rachael Hutton, John Fitzpatrick, Laura Beatty, Gareth E Jones, Tarik Amer
BACKGROUND: Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is the first line treatment modality for a significant proportion of patients with upper urinary tracts stones. Simple analgesics, opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are all suitable agents but the relative efficacy and tolerability of these agents is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of the different types of analgesics used for the control of pain during SWL for urinary stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Renal Group's Specialised Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE and also hand-searched reference lists of relevant articles (Figure-1)...
March 24, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325960/efficacy-of-preoperative-administration-of-paracetamol-codeine-on-pain-following-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-surgery-a-randomized-split-mouth-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#4
Maria Paola Cristalli, Gerardo La Monaca, Chiara De Angelis, Nicola Pranno, Susanna Annibali
Objectives. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of preoperative administration of single-dose of paracetamol-codeine, in the relieving of acute postoperative pain after the surgical removal of an impacted mandibular third molar. Materials and Methods. The study cohort consisted of 32 Caucasian outpatients, giving a total of 64 bilateral symmetrical impacted mandibles. Patients were randomized in two experimental groups to receive a preoperative oral dose of paracetamol-codeine (analgesic group) or a placebo (placebo group) at the first and second surgeries...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228788/safety-and-efficacy-of-vertebroplasty-in-the-treatment-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-prospective-multicenter-international-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Paolo Tranquilli Leali, Federico Solla, Gianluca Maestretti, Massimo Balsano, Carlo Doria
BACKGROUND: Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) treated non-operatively can diminish function and quality of life, and lead to chronic health effects. The short-term safety and effectiveness of vertebroplasty for symptomatic VCFs are well-documented, but long-term follow-up is needed. PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to analyse a multicenter international experience of 200 compression fractures treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty (VP) and compare the results of this procedure with the result of 200 patients treated conservatively...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208979/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-bupivacaine-0-5-alone-or-with-clonidine-1%C3%AE-g-kg-versus-control-in-a-single-level-paravertebral-blockin-patients-undergoing-pcnl-procedure
#6
Trupti S Kamble, Charulata Mahesh Deshpande
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a widely used procedure to remove complex upper tract renal calculi by means of a nephroscope. Although less invasive, PCNL is associated with significant pain owing to soft tissue injury. Most of these patients have mild to moderately compromised renal function. An anaesthesia plan that reduces intraoperative requirement of anaesthetics, analgesics, muscle relaxants and postoperative requirement of systemic analgesics is essential...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177939/review-of-the-evidence-on-the-efficacy-of-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-analgesic-consumption
#7
Chrysanthi Batistaki, Evagelia Kaminiotis, Thomas Papadimos, Georgia Kostopanagiotou
OBJECTIVES: The effect of dexamethasone on analgesic consumption has not been adequately studied. The aim of this review was to investigate recent literature regarding the possible effect of dexamethasone on postoperative analgesic consumption. METHODS: Critical review of randomized trials, and prospective consecutive studies, investigating the post-operative analgesic effect of dexamethasone was performed. Only studies published during 2006-2015 were included. RESULTS: Forty-one studies met the inclusion criteria; 33 in adults and 8 in children (9 in general surgery, 8 in gynecological/breast surgery, 8 in orthopedic/spinal surgery, 8 in head/neck surgery, 7 in children's tonsillectomy, and 1 in children's orchiopexy)...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118835/pilot-evaluation-of-a-novel-unilateral-onychectomy-model-and-efficacy-of-an-extended-release-buprenorphine-product
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Masataka Enomoto, Patricia D Kigin, David Bledsoe, Robyn Slone, Jonathan Hash, Charles E Smith, B Duncan X Lascelles
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), transdermal fentanyl patches, and transmucosal buprenorphine are probably the most commonly used options for providing post-operative analgesia in the early at-home period. However, these require daily administration or are associated with abuse concerns. One of the significant unmet needs in veterinary surgery and pain management is for longer acting opioids for cats to effectively bridge the gap between the in-hospital and at-home recovery periods...
January 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111731/comparison-of-lornoxicam-and-low-dose-tramadol-for-management-of-post-thyroidectomy-pain
#9
Ali Yücel, Alper Yazıcı, Togay Müderris, Fatih Gül
OBJECTIVES: The present study sought to compare the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intravenous (IV) lornoxicam and tramadol to investigate if lornoxicam is a reasonable alternative to a weak opioid for post-thyroidectomy pain. METHODS: Fifty patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists class I or II, 18 to 65 years of age, and who underwent thyroidectomy were assigned to 2 groups in a randomized manner. Group L received 8 mg of lornoxicam IV and Group T received 1 mg/kg of tramadol IV at conclusion of the operation...
October 2016: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107373/dexmedetomidine-versus-midazolam-in-procedural-sedation-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#10
Clemens R M Barends, Anthony Absalom, Baucke van Minnen, Arjan Vissink, Anita Visser
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature comparing the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine and midazolam when used for procedural sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE for clinical trials comparing dexmedetomidine and midazolam for procedural sedation up to June 20, 2016. Inclusion criteria: clinical trial, human subjects, adult subjects (≥18 years), article written in English, German, French or Dutch, use of study medication for conscious sedation and at least one group receiving dexmedetomidine and one group receiving midazolam...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904211/post-operative-pain-management-in-shoulder-surgery-suprascapular-and-axillary-nerve-block-by-arthroscope-assisted-catheter-placement
#11
H Çağdaş Basat, D Hakan Uçar, Mehmet Armangil, Berk Güçlü, Mehmet Demirtaş
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain management is the part of shoulder surgery to improve patient satisfaction, start rehabilitation process rapidly and decrease for hospital stay. Various treatment modalities have been used for pain management, but they have some limitations, side effects and risks. Throughout intraoperative and postoperative period, nerve blocks have been used more popularly than others because of efficacy. For the regional nerve block, local anesthetic should be infiltrated close to the nerve for maximum effect...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896411/the-effects-of-intravenous-lidocaine-infusions-on-the-quality-of-recovery-and-chronic-pain-after-robotic-thyroidectomy-a-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-study
#12
Kwan Woong Choi, Kee-Hyun Nam, Jeong-Rim Lee, Woong Youn Chung, Sang-Wook Kang, Young Eun Joe, Jae Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: The effect of the systemic lidocaine on postoperative recovery has not been definitively investigated despite its analgesic efficacy after surgery. The aim of this randomized, double-blinded, controlled study was to evaluate the effect of intravenously administered lidocaine on the quality of recovery and on acute and chronic postoperative pain after robot-assisted thyroidectomy. METHODS: Ninety patients who were undergoing robotic thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to the lidocaine or the control groups...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746551/comparison-of-oxycodone-and-sufentanil-for-patient-controlled-intravenous-analgesia-after-laparoscopic-radical-gastrectomy-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#13
Na Wang, Honglan Zhou, Xuesong Song, Jinguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Sufentanil is widely used for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). Oxycodone has a powerful analgesic effect and mild side effects. We conducted this study to compare the efficacy of oxycodone and sufentanil for PCIA on postoperative pain after laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. METHODOLOGY: A total of fifty patients scheduled for laparoscopic radical gastrectomy were equally randomized to receive postoperative pain treatment with either oxycodone (Group O) or sufentanil (Group S) for 48 h postoperatively...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733325/perineural-dexamethasone-does-not-enhance-the-analgesic-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-subcostal-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sheng-Hui Huang, Jing Lu, Hong-Yun Gan, Yi Li, Yong-Gang Peng, Shuan-Ke Wang
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is an adjunct therapy to provide effective postoperative analgesia in abdominal surgical procedures. Dexamethasone is a supplement agent that can improve the efficacy of local anesthesia. However, information about its additive effect is limited. This study aimed to compare the analgesic efficiency using ultrasound-guided TAP block with and without perineural dexamethasone for patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
October 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697139/the-analgesic-effects-of-exogenous-melatonin-in-humans
#15
REVIEW
Lars Peter Holst Andersen
The hormone, melatonin is produced with circadian rhythm by the pineal gland in humans. The melatonin rhythm provides an endogenous synchronizer, modulating e.g. blood pressure, body temperature, cortisol rhythm, sleep-awake-cycle, immune function and anti-oxidative defence. Interestingly, a number of experimental animal studies demonstrate significant dose-dependent anti-nociceptive effects of exogenous melatonin. Similarly, recent experimental- and clinical studies in humans indicate significant analgesic effects...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696343/low-degree-of-satisfactory-individual-pain-relief-in-post-operative-pain-trials
#16
A Geisler, J B Dahl, A P H Karlsen, E Persson, O Mathiesen
BACKGROUND: The majority of clinical trials regarding post-operative pain treatment focuses on the average analgesic efficacy, rather than on efficacy in individual patients. It has been argued, that in acute pain trials, the underlying distributions are often skewed, which makes the average unfit as the only way to measure efficacy. Consequently, dichotomised, individual responder analyses using a predefined 'favourable' response, e.g. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain scores ≤ 30, have recently been suggested as a more clinical relevant outcome...
January 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684856/successful-treatment-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-intralesional-cryosurgery-case-report
#17
Chaw-Ning Lee, Shin-Chen Pan, Julia Yu-Yun Lee, Tak-Wah Wong
BACKGROUND: Wide excision or Mohs surgery is the standard treatment of skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Superficial SCC or tumor smaller than 1 cm has been treated successfully with open spray cryosurgery. Larger tumor may not be as effective because tissue destruction is usually superficial. Intralesional cryosurgery (IC) may provide a deeper and better cell killing effect in larger tumors. We investigated the safety and efficacy of treating nodular SCC in 4 patients with IC. METHODS: Four patients with nodular SCC/keratoacanthoma (tumor size, 1-2...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629738/the-efficacy-of-perioperative-antibiotic-therapy-in-tonsillectomy-patients
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Krzysztof Orłowski, Grażyna Lisowska, Hanna Misiołek, Zbigniew Paluch, Maciej Misiołek
BACKGROUND: While the results of early research suggested that perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in tonsillectomy patients is associated with many benefits, these data were not confirmed by further studies and meta-analyses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness and efficacy of antibiotic monotherapy in the healing of surgical wounds of patients undergoing bilateral resection of the palatine tonsils, based on an analysis of selected objective and subjective characteristics of wound healing during the postoperative period...
May 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621264/preemptive-local-anesthesia-in-ankle-arthroscopy
#19
Henryk Liszka, Artur Gądek
BACKGROUND: Complex anesthesia is increasingly used in order to reduce postoperative pain and accelerate rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of preemptive local anesthesia combined with general or spinal anesthesia in ankle arthroscopy. METHODS: From January 2014 to February 2016, 80 ankle anterior arthroscopies were performed. Patients were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups, depending on the type of anesthesia: A, general and local preemptive; B, spinal and local preemptive; C, general and placebo; D, spinal and placebo...
December 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569734/sedation-and-use-of-analgesics-in-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-double-blind-comparison-study-of-meperidine-midazolam-remifentanil-midazolam-and-remifentanil-alone
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jinhua Zhang, Yong Huang, Zhao Li, Jian Li, Kunpeng Liu, Chenghui Li
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and remifentanil with midazolam for conscious sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: 99 patients scheduled for ERCP were randomly allocated to be treated with either meperidine/midazolam (group C, n = 33), remifentanil (group R, n = 33), or the remifentanil plus midazolam (group RM, n = 33). In group C, intermittent intravenous meperidine and midazolam were administrated during the procedure; in group R, remifentanil was infused continuously at a rate of 0...
November 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
keyword
keyword
39301
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"