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Marta Fojanesi, Mariana Gallo, Matteo Spaziani, Federica Russo, Martina Valentini, Francesco Saverio Bersani, Massimo Biondi, Antonio Radicioni
RIASSUNTO. Introduzione. La riduzione dell'ormone della crescita (GH) in assenza di lesioni ipofisarie è una delle cause di bassa statura e della condizione clinica di deficit di crescita non organico, nota come "non-organic failure to thrive" (NOFTT). I progressi nell'ambito della psicologia dello sviluppo hanno messo in evidenza il ruolo delle emozioni e dei comportamenti del caregiver nell'organizzazione della personalità e della psicobiologia del bambino, considerando il legame di attaccamento madre-figlio come un'esperienza fondamentale nello sviluppo...
January 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
Joel Omar González-Cantero, Roberto Oropeza Tena, Ferran Padrós Blázquez, Cecilia Colunga Rodríguez, Roberto Montes Delgado, Víctor Hugo González-Becerra
Background: University students don’t have a healthy lifestyle so it is necessary to identify psychosocial variables that can increase it. Objective: To determine the relationship between the psychological capital (CapPsi) and lifestyle (EV) of Mexican university students. Method: A cross-sectional and correlational study was carried out among 320 students of a public university. The sample was non probabilistic by quotas. To assess the factors of CapPsi were used the General Scale of Self-efficacy, the Scale of Hope for Adults, Questionnaire of Resilience, the Life Orientation Test and; to assess the lifestyle was used the Fantastic questionnaire...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
J D A Silva, L C Ariente, B A Roza, S Mucci
BACKGROUND: The addition of psychologists to organ transplant teams is still new in Brazil. In seeking the efficient performance of this professional, the knowledge of the scientific production and the development of research in the area is fundamental. In this sense, this study aims to survey the Brazilian scientific research that has investigated the psychologic aspects involved in tissue and organ transplantation. METHODS: A literature narrative review was performed with the use of the "Transplante AND Psicologia" descriptors in the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde and the CAPES Journal Portal...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Giorgia Morgese, Giovanni Pietro Lombardo, Alessandra Albani
This article examines the areas of research conducted at the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology of the University of Rome from 1907 to 1947, directed first by Sante De Sanctis (1862-1935), and then, from 1931 on, by Mario Ponzo (1882-1960). The method used to distinguish the topics and areas of research that characterized the Roman School during this period is the textual analysis of the titles of the journal in which studies completed at the laboratory were published, namely, Contributi del Laboratorio di Psicologia sperimentale [Psychological Contributions of the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology]...
November 2016: History of Psychology
Angela P López-Cardona, Raúl Fernández-González, Miriam Pérez-Crespo, Francisco Alén, Fernando Rodriguez de Fonseca, Laura Orio, Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Giorgia Morgese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: History of Psychology
Olga Villasante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: History of Psychiatry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1950: Archivio di Psicologia, Neurologia e Psichiatria
Kosuke Takemura, Masaki Yuki
The interindividual-intergroup discontinuity effect is the tendency for relationships between groups to be more competitive than the relationships between individuals. It has been observed robustly in studies conducted in the United States, which is a society characterized as "individualistic." In this study, it was explored whether the effect was replicable in a "collectivistic" society such as Japan. From the traditional view in cross-cultural psychology, which emphasizes the collectivistic nature of East Asian peoples, it was expected that the discontinuity effect would be greater in Japan than in the United States...
February 2007: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Marta Matos, Sónia F Bernardes
OBJECTIVES: Development and preliminary validation of a Portuguese measure of perceived Formal Social Support for Autonomy and Dependence in Pain (FSSADI_PAIN). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one older adults (88.1% women), between 56 and 94 years of age (M = 75.41; SD = 9.11), who attended one of the following institutions--day care centre (33.1%), nursing home (36.4%) and senior university (30.5%)--were recruited for this study. Along with the FSSADI_PAIN, participants filled out the Portuguese versions of the Brief Pain Inventory (Azevedo et al...
September 2013: British Journal of Health Psychology
José Quintana, Milagros Sáiz, Mónica Balltondre, Dolors Sáiz
In this article, we describe the content, sources, and history of the Archivo Histórico de la Facultad de Psicología (the Historical Archive for the History of Psychology) at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM, Spain). This archive is the result of the task carried out by some professors of the Faculty of Psychology at UAM for the preservation and increase of sources for a history of psychology in Spain. Collections from the 19th to the 20th century were recovered because of the UAM effort and some other contributions...
November 2012: History of Psychology
Francisco José Estupiñá, Francisco Javier Labrador, María Paz García-Vera
In order to characterize a typical clinical context, as opposed to an academic or research context, this article will analyze the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients who turn to a psychology clinic in need of professional help. This study was conducted using an initial sample of 1,305 patients at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Of the sociodemographic characteristics studied, it is noteworthy that the majority of patients were women (65%) and relatively young (the average age is 29...
March 2012: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Simon M Laham, Sonavi Chopra, Mansur Lalljee, Brian Parkinson
Reactions to moral transgressions are subject to influence at both the cultural and individual levels. Transgressions against an individual's rights or against social conventions of hierarchy may elicit different reactions in individualistic and collectivistic cultures. In the current study, affective and behavioural reactions to transgressions of autonomy (rights) and community (hierarchy) were examined in India and Britain. Results revealed that although reactions to autonomy transgressions are similar in India and Britain, Indian participants express more moral outrage than do Britons in response to transgressions of community...
February 2010: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Souhail Malavé Rivera, Nelson Varas Díaz
Las profesiones de la salud tienen un papel social dual. Por un lado, velan por el mantenimiento de la salud de la población protegiendo el bien común. Por el otro, dictaminan las formas saludables, y por lo tanto socialmente apropiadas, de ser, actuar y pensar. Este último papel, está más ligado al control social de la población que a una preocupación altruista hacia la misma. A través de esta supervisión y control, se construyen los sujetos a los cuales todos/as debemos aspirar a ser para gozar de aceptación social...
2006: Ciencias de la Conducta: Revista del Centro Caribeño de Estudios Post-Graduados
F Carinci
Tree-structured methodology applied for the GISSI-PSICOLOGIA project, although performed in the framework of earliest GISSI studies, represents a powerful tool to analyze different aspects of cardiologic care. The GISSI-PSICOLOGIA project has delivered a novel methodology based on the joint application of psychometric tools and sophisticated statistical techniques. Its prospective use could allow building effective epidemiological models relevant to the prognosis of the cardiologic patient. The various features of the RECPAM method allow a versatile use in the framework of modern e-health projects...
July 2009: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Melissa Marzán-Rodríguez, Nelson Varas-Díaz
El Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH) y el Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida (SIDA) han sido motivo de estigmatización para las personas que viven con ellos. Esta estigmatización se ha estudiado consecuentemente desde la perspectiva de opiniones de agentes estigmatizantes. Estas opiniones han obviado sistemáticamente el rol de las emociones en el proceso de estigmatización. Llevamos a cabo este estudio con el propósito de identificar el rol de las emociones en el proceso de estigmatización de las personas que viven con el virus (PVVS) por parte de profesionales de la salud...
January 1, 2006: Forum, Qualitative Social Research
Giovanni Pietro Lombardo, Elisabetta Cicciola
Sante De Sanctis, a psychiatrist and psychologist, is one of the most representative figures of Italian "scientific" psychology. He is considered one of the founders of the discipline as well as one of its main protagonists in the years between the two World Wars. Both with his extensive scientific productions (which include more than three hundred works) and with his uninterrupted institutional activity, he has left his significant mark on the history of Italian psychology. He was the first professor of Experimental Psychology and was internationally known: some of his works have been published in French, Swiss, American, German, Scandinavian, and English journals, and some of his volumes have been translated into English and German...
2006: Physis; Rivista Internazionale di Storia Della Scienza
Gabriella Sava
Studies of the history of Italian psychology have thoroughly and somewhat systematically analysed the particular characteristics and principal themes that distinguished this discipline in the period between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. With regard to the affirmation of a "scientific" psychology in Italy, these studies have emphasized the importance of the research conducted at the University of Florence in the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, founded in 1903 by Francesco De Sarlo. The results of the activity carried out in this laboratory are collected in the two volumes of Ricerche di Psicologia, published in 1905 and 1907...
2006: Physis; Rivista Internazionale di Storia Della Scienza
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