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Shoulder replacement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412103/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-compared-with-hemiarthroplasty-in-the-treatment-of-acute-proximal-humeral-fractures
#1
Michael van der Merwe, Matthew J Boyle, Christopher M A Frampton, Craig M Ball
BACKGROUND: Complex proximal humeral fractures may require prosthetic replacement of the humeral head. Surgical options include reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) and shoulder hemiarthroplasty; however, the optimal technique remains controversial. The goal of this study was to compare functional outcomes and revision rates of RSA with hemiarthroplasty in patients with acute proximal humeral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014, there were 218 patients who underwent RSA and 427 who underwent hemiarthroplasty for acute proximal humeral fractures identified through New Zealand Joint Registry records...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410956/nine-year-outcome-after-anatomic-stemless-shoulder-prosthesis-clinical-and-radiologic-results
#2
Nael Hawi, Petra Magosch, Mark Tauber, Sven Lichtenberg, Peter Habermeyer
BACKGROUND: Several stemless shoulder implants are available on the market, but only a few studies have presented results with sufficient mid- to long-term follow-up. The present study evaluated clinical and radiologic outcomes 9 years after anatomic stemless shoulder replacement. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study evaluating the stemless shoulder prosthesis since 2005. Anatomic stemless shoulder replacement using a single prosthesis was performed in 49 shoulders; 17 underwent total shoulder replacement, and 32 underwent hemiarthroplasty...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410878/efficacy-of-laronidase-therapy-in-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i-who-initiated-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-adult-age-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Jordi Pérez-López, Montserrat Morales-Conejo, Mónica López-Rodríguez, Álvaro Hermida-Ameijeiras, Marc Moltó-Abad
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of starting enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) in adults with Muchopolysaccharidosis Type I (MPS-I) is controversial. Evaluating the benefits reported by patients initiating ERT with laronidase at adult age might help physicians decide whether the use of ERT in these patients is worthwhile from a clinical point of view. OBJECTIVE: To assess every effectiveness variable modified in MPS-I patients who initiated laronidase at adult age. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature, from inception to July 2016, was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL and LILACS to identify randomized trials or observational studies including ≥1 MPS-I patients with ERT initiated in adult age (≥18years) and evaluating ERT efficacy...
April 9, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405220/intraoperative-complications-during-revision-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-study-using-the-national-joint-registry-dataset
#4
Helen M Ingoe, Philip Holland, Paul Cowling, Lucksy Kottam, Paul N Baker, Amar Rangan
BACKGROUND: The surgical options for revision shoulder arthroplasty and the number of procedures performed are increasing. However, little is known about the risk factors for intraoperative complications associated with this complex surgery. METHODS: The National Joint Registry (NJR) is a surgeon reported database recording information on major joint replacements including revision shoulder arthroplasty. Using multivariable binary logistic regression modelling, we analyzed 1445 revision shoulder arthroplasties reported to the NJR between April 2012 and 2015...
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378003/ultrasound-gel-minimizes-third-body-debris-with-partial-hardware-removal-in-joint-arthroplasty
#5
Aidan C McGrory, Lee Replogle, Donald Endrizzi
Hundreds of thousands of revision surgeries for hip, knee, and shoulder joint arthroplasties are now performed worldwide annually. Partial removal of hardware during some types of revision surgeries may create significant amounts of third body metal, polymer, or bone cement debris. Retained debris may lead to a variety of negative health effects including damage to the joint replacement. We describe a novel technique for the better containment and easier removal of third body debris during partial hardware removal...
March 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376756/kalk-study-ultrasound-guided-needling-and-lavage-barbotage-with-steroid-injection-versus-sham-barbotage-with-and-without-steroid-injection-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-multicenter-study
#6
Stefan Moosmayer, Ole Marius Ekeberg, Hanna Bjørnsson Hallgren, Ingar Heier, Synnøve Kvalheim, Jesper Blomquist, Are Hugo Pripp, Nils Gunnar Juel, Stein Harald Kjellevold, Jens Ivar Brox
BACKGROUND: For the treatment of calcific tendinitis of the shoulder a variety of treatment regimes exist. Commonly used treatment measures include medication with oral analgesics, corticosteroid injections, extracorporeal shockwave therapy, ultrasound guided needling and lavage, and surgical treatment. Earlier cohort studies suggest that patients may benefit from these treatments, but there are few randomized studies and conflicting evidence about the effectiveness of the various treatments...
April 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361193/return-to-sports-and-work-after-partial-shoulder-replacement-surgery
#7
M Bülhoff, B Sowa, T Bruckner, F Zeifang, P Rais
BACKGROUND: Shoulder hemiarthroplasty is a particularly attractive treatment option in young active patients, where revision surgery is an issue and a glenoid replacement might be necessary in the long run. These patients often ask about the possibility of returning to sport and work after surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to analyze whether patients undergoing shoulder hemiarthroplasty (HSA) are able to successfully return to sports activities and work after surgery...
March 30, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350203/revision-after-shoulder-replacement-for-acute-fracture-of-the-proximal-humerus
#8
Stig Brorson, Björn Salomonsson, Steen L Jensen, Anne Marie Fenstad, Yilmaz Demir, Jeppe V Rasmussen
Background and purpose - For more than half a century, stemmed hemiarthroplasty (SHA) has been used in the treatment of comminuted and displaced fractures of the proximal humerus. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has been increasingly popular in cases where it is difficult to obtain satisfactory fixation of the tuberosities. We report revision rates and reasons for revision after shoulder arthroplasty for acute fractures of the proximal humerus. Patients and methods - This study was based on a common dataset from the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA), which includes data reported to the national shoulder arthroplasty registries in Denmark, Sweden, and Norway...
March 28, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344535/the-correlation-between-a-numerical-rating-scale-of-patient-satisfaction-with-current-management-of-an-upper-extremity-disorder-and-a-general-measure-of-satisfaction-with-the-medical-visit
#9
Marijn M G van Berckel, Niels H Bosma, Michiel G J S Hageman, David Ring, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Background: Patient satisfaction is used as an indicator of quality of care, but the measures currently available are lengthy and cumbersome and may not be feasible in orthopedic surgical practices. We set out to assess the relationship between the Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale (MISS-21) and a numerical rating scale (NRS) of patient satisfaction with current management of an orthopedic upper extremity condition. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 86 patients from the practices of 2 hand surgeons were included during an initial or follow-up visit...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337535/anatomical-and-reverse-shoulder-replacement-with-a-convertible-uncemented-short-stem-shoulder-prosthesis-first-clinical-and-radiological-results
#10
Marc Schnetzke, Alexander Preis, Sebastian Coda, Patric Raiss, Markus Loew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333394/socket-shield-technique-for-immediate-implant-placement-clinical-radiographic-and-volumetric-data-after-5%C3%A2-years
#11
Daniel Bäumer, Otto Zuhr, Stephan Rebele, Markus Hürzeler
OBJECTIVES: Implant placement immediately after tooth extraction is often accompanied by resorption of surrounding tissues. A clinical technique was developed where the buccal portion of the root is retained to preserve the periodontal ligament and bundle bone. This technique is based on animal studies showing the potential to preserve the facial tissues utilizing this approach. The purpose of this study was to gain more insight regarding the safety of the technique with regard to biological and implant-related long-term complications and to observe the clinical appearance of the peri-implant tissues...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332159/electromagnetically-tracked-personalized-templates-for-surgical-navigation
#12
Andrew W L Dickinson, Michelle L Zec, David R Pichora, Brian J Rasquinha, Randy E Ellis
PURPOSE: An electromagnetic (EM) surgical tracking system was developed for orthopedic navigation. The reportedly poor accuracy of point-based EM navigation was improved by using anatomical impressions, which were EM-tracked personalized templates. Lines, rather than points, were consistently used for calibration and error evaluation. METHODS: Technical accuracy was tested using models derived from CT scans of ten cadaver shoulders. Tracked impressions were first designed, calibrated, and tested using lines as fiducial objects...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302461/data-quality-in-institutional-arthroplasty-registries-description-of-a-model-of-validation-and-report-of-preliminary-results
#13
Maria P Bautista, Guillermo A Bonilla, Klaus W Mieth, Adolfo M Llinás, Fernanda Rodríguez, Laura L Cárdenas
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty registries are a relevant source of information for research and quality improvement in patient care and its value depends on the quality of the recorded data. The purpose of this study is to describe a model of validation and present the findings of validation of an Institutional Arthroplasty Registry (IAR). METHODS: Information from 209 primary arthroplasties and revision surgeries of the hip, knee, and shoulder recorded in the IAR between March and September 2015 were analyzed in the following domains...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297686/-early-experience-with-the-vercise-sup-tm-sup-dbs-system-in-the-treatment-of-dystonic-tremor
#14
Yasushi Miyagi
Six cases of dystonic tremor were treated with the Vercise<sup>TM</sup> deep brain stimulation(DBS)system, which has the multiple independent current control(MICC)technology. The mean preoperative score of Burke-Fahn-Marsden dystonia rating scale was 16.2±9.4, which was reduced to 6.1±4.6 at 5 months postoperatively. A 65-year-old male presented an intractable dystonic tremor of the jaw, neck, and shoulders due to tardive syndrome. He experienced the successful tremor relief after unipolar DBS in the globus pallidus internus(GPi)with Vercise<sup>TM</sup> but complained of dysarthria...
March 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295450/efficacy-and-safety-of-testosterone-replacement-gel-for-treating-hypogonadism-in-men-phase-iii-open-label-studies
#15
L Belkoff, G Brock, D Carrara, A Neijber, M Ando, J Mitchel
Efficacy and safety of testosterone gel 2% (TG) were evaluated in two phase 3, open-labelled, single-arm, multicentre studies (000023 and extension study 000077). Hypogonadal men having serum testosterone levels <300 ng/dl at two consecutive measurements were included. Study duration was 9 months (000023: 3 months; 000077: 6 months). Starting dose of TG (46 mg) was applied on upper arm/shoulder. The primary endpoint (000023) was responder rate (subjects with average 24-hour serum testosterone concentration 300-1050 ng/dl on Day 90)...
March 10, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289667/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-under-spinal-epidural-anesthesia-vs-general-anaesthesia-a-prospective-randomised-study
#16
Turgut Donmez, Vuslat Muslu Erdem, Sinan Uzman, Dogan Yildirim, Huseyin Avaroglu, Sina Ferahman, Oguzhan Sunamak
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is usually performed under the general anesthesia (GA). Aim of the study is to investigate the availability, safety and side effects of combined spinal/epidural anesthesia (CSEA) and comparison it with GA for LC. METHODS: Forty-nine patients who have a LC plan were included into the study. The patients were randomly divided into GA (n = 25) and CSEA (n = 24) groups. Intraoperative and postoperative adverse events, postoperative pain levels were compared between groups...
March 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272290/a-double-blind-randomized-comparison-of-continuous-interscalene-supraclavicular-and-suprascapular-blocks-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#17
David B Auyong, Stanley C Yuan, Daniel S Choi, Joshuel A Pahang, April E Slee, Neil A Hanson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Continuous brachial plexus blocks at the interscalene level are associated with known diaphragm dysfunction from phrenic nerve paresis. More distal blocks along the brachial plexus may provide postsurgical analgesia while potentially having less effect on diaphragm function. Continuous interscalene, continuous supraclavicular, and continuous suprascapular nerve blocks were evaluated for respiratory function and analgesia after total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: After ethics board approval, subjects presenting for total shoulder arthroplasty were planned for randomization in a 1:1:1 ratio of a continuous interscalene, supraclavicular, or suprascapular block...
May 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259563/propionibacterium-acnes-infection-of-a-metacarpophalangeal-joint-arthroplasty
#18
Guillaume Bacle, Sheena K Sikora, Eugene T H Ek
Neglected and underestimated in the past, Propionibacterium acnes is currently the most prevalent organism associated with deep prosthetic infections around the shoulder. Surprisingly, it has never been reported as a cause of infection in the hand. Here we report a case of a late presentation of a P. acnes infection in a metacarpophalangeal joint replacement, resulting in chronic low-grade pain with movement. The patient underwent a 2-stage revision, with initial removal of the prosthesis. Positive cultures for P...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255616/humeral-head-sizing-using-extra-articular-landmarks-on-conventional-radiographs
#19
David D Savin, Hristo Piponov, Jeffrey Goldstein, Ari R Youderian
PURPOSE: Proper humeral head (HH) sizing is critical to success in anatomic shoulder replacement for management of glenohumeral arthritis. In this study, we evaluate the accuracy and reliability of using non-articular landmarks on conventional radiographs for HH templating. METHODS: Anatomic HH replacement was performed on five non-arthritic shoulders, from fresh adult cadavers. Pre-operative and post-operative radiographs and 3-D CT scans were obtained. Humeral head size was determined using the articular surface and three extra-articular landmarks (inner aspect of the lateral cortex, the medial footprint of the rotator cuff, and the medial calcar)...
March 2, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250107/modulation-of-upper-limb-joint-work-and-power-during-sculling-while-ballasted-with-varying-loads
#20
Jessy Lauer, Annie Hélène Rouard, João Paulo Vilas-Boas
Human musculoskeletal system must modulate work and power output in response to substantial alterations in mechanical demands associated with different tasks. In water, particularly, upper limb muscles must perform net positive work to replace the energy lost against the dissipative fluid load. Where in the upper limb is work and power developed? Is mechanical output modulated similarly at all joints, or are certain muscle groups favored? For the first time, this study examined how work and power per stroke were distributed at the upper limb joints in seven male participants sculling while ballasted with 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 kg...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
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