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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774498/microrna-1231-exerts-a-tumor-suppressor-role-through-regulating-the-egfr-pi3k-akt-axis-in-glioma
#1
Jiale Zhang, Jie Zhang, Wenjin Qiu, Jian Zhang, Yangyang Li, Enjun Kong, Ailin Lu, Jia Xu, Xiaoming Lu
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be involved in the initiation and progression of glioma. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. METHODS: We performed microarray analysis to evaluate miRNA expression levels in 158 glioma tissue samples, and examined miR-1231 levels in glioma samples and healthy brain tissues using qRT-PCR. In vitro analyses were performed using miR-1231 mimics, inhibitors, and siRNA targeting EGFR. We used flow cytometry, CCK-8 assays, and colony formation assays to examine glioma proliferation and cell cycle analysis...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769662/novel-internal-regulators-and-candidate-mirnas-within-mir-379-mir-656-mirna-cluster-can-alter-cellular-phenotype-of-human-glioblastoma
#2
Subhashree Nayak, Meghali Aich, Anupam Kumar, Suman Sengupta, Prajakta Bajad, Parashar Dhapola, Deepanjan Paul, Kiran Narta, Suvendu Purkrait, Bharati Mehani, Ashish Suri, Debojyoti Chakraborty, Arijit Mukhopadhyay, Chitra Sarkar
Clustered miRNAs can affect functioning of downstream pathways due to possible coordinated function. We observed 78-88% of the miR-379/miR-656 cluster (C14MC) miRNAs were downregulated in three sub-types of diffuse gliomas, which was also corroborated with analysis from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets. The miRNA expression levels decreased with increasing tumor grade, indicating this downregulation as an early event in gliomagenesis. Higher expression of the C14MC miRNAs significantly improved glioblastioma prognosis (Pearson's r = 0...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762838/mirna-93-functions-as-an-oncogene-in-glioma-by-directly-targeting-rbl2
#3
D-K Liu, Y-J Wei, Y Guo, J Wang, G-H Wang
OBJECTIVE: Glioma is a tumor of the brain. Although the clinical regimens and surgical techniques for glioma have improved, therapies of advanced glioma remain challenging, carrying dismal overall survival and therapeutic success rates. Evidence has shown that miRNAs played important roles in glioma development. The current study aimed at investigating the function of a novel cancerogenic miRNA, miR-93, in glioma progression by investigating the expression and mechanism of it. PATIENTS AND METHODS: qRT-PCR was conducted to assess the miR-93 expression and the mRNA expression of target gene in glioma tissues and cells...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749450/mir%C3%A2-24-regulates-angiogenesis-in-gliomas
#4
Dongwei Dai, Wei Huang, Qiong Lu, Hanchun Chen, Jianmin Liu, Bo Hong
Gliomas are one of the most common and most aggressive types of central nervous system tumor. Angiogenesis is an important basis for the growth of solid tumors, including gliomas, which is regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). However, the mechanism remains unclear. Recently, it was demonstrated that miR‑24 was upregulated in gliomas, so the aim of the present study is to establish whether the dysregulation of miR‑24 in glioma cells promotes microvascular proliferation of endothelial cells (ECs), and to investigate the potential mechanism...
May 4, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740486/genome-wide-identification-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-associated-micrornas-reveals-novel-targets-for-glioblastoma-therapy
#5
Yong Zhang, Ailiang Zeng, Shuheng Liu, Rui Li, Xiefeng Wang, Wei Yan, Hailin Li, Yongping You
MicroRNAs (miRNA) regulate a number of cellular processes. Recent studies have indicated that these molecules function in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the crucial systematic role of EMT and miRNAs together in glioblastoma (GBM) remains poorly understood. The present study demonstrated that EMT was closely associated with malignant progression and clinical outcome using three independent glioma databases (GSE16011, Rembrandt and The Cancer Genome Atlas). Furthermore, integrated analysis of miRNAs and mRNA profiling in 491 GBM samples revealed an EMT biological process associated with an miRNA profile (19 positively and 18 negatively correlated miRNAs)...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739059/lncrna-pvt1-a-novel-therapeutic-target-for-cancers
#6
REVIEW
Xuefeng Pan, Guobao Zheng, Chunfang Gao
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA PVT1, as an important carcinogenic lncRNA, is highly expressed in many malignant tumors and suggests a poorer prognosis. It can promote the occurrence and development of cancers by affecting cell proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis. This article reviews the progress of lncRNA PVT1 on cancer therapy, in order to facilitate the in-depth study of lncRNA PVT1 acting as a promising target for therapy in cancers. METHODS: We extracted all relevant studies of lncRNA PVT1 on the treatment of cancers by searching electronic databases Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science from inception to November 30, 2017...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725461/mir-204-reverses-temozolomide-resistance-and-inhibits-cancer-initiating-cells-phenotypes-by-degrading-fap-%C3%AE-in-glioblastoma
#7
Yun-Na Yang, Xiang-Hua Zhang, Yan-Ming Wang, Xi Zhang, Zheng Gu
Malignant gliomas are treated with temozolomide (TMZ) at present, but often exhibit resistance to this agent. Cancer-initiating cells (CICs) have been suggested to lead to TMZ resistance. The mechanisms underlying CICs-based TMZ resistance are not fully understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to serve important roles in tumorigenesis and TMZ resistance. In the present study, a sphere forming assay and western blot analysis were performed to detect the formation of CICs and fibroblast activation protein α (FAP-α) protein expression...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713056/immunosuppressive-effects-of-hypoxia-induced-glioma-exosomes-through-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-via-the-mir-10a-rora-and-mir-21-pten-pathways
#8
Xiaofan Guo, Wei Qiu, Qinglin Liu, Mingyu Qian, Shaobo Wang, Zongpu Zhang, Xiao Gao, Zihang Chen, Hao Xue, Gang Li
While immunosuppressive environments mediated by myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have been well documented in glioma patients, the mechanisms of MDSC development and activation have not been clearly defined. Here, we elucidated a role for glioma-derived exosomes (GDEs) in potentiating an MDSC pathway. We isolated normoxia-stimulated and hypoxia-stimulated GDEs and studied their MDSC induction abilities in vivo and in vitro. Analyses of spleen and bone marrow MDSC proportions (flow cytometry) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), arginase activity, nitric oxide (NO), T-cell proliferation and immunosuppressive cytokine (IL-10 and TGF-β, ELISA) levels were used to assess MDSC expansion and functional capacity...
May 1, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692736/the-function-and-mechanism-of-long-non-coding-rna-atb-in-cancers
#9
REVIEW
Huizhong Xiao, Fuyou Zhang, Yifan Zou, Jianfa Li, Yuchen Liu, Weiren Huang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of transcriptional RNA molecules with a length of greater than 200 nucleotides that function as regulatory factors in many human diseases. Studies have shown that lncRNAs are involved in multiple cellular processes, including proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. In this report, a long non-coding RNA-ATB that is overexpressed in various tumor tissues and cell lines was investigated. Recent evidence suggests that ATB is dysfunctional in a variety of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma, gastric cancer (GC), colorectal cancer (CRC), breast cancer (BC), prostate cancer, renal cell carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), pancreatic cancer, osteosarcoma, and glioma...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686222/circular-rna-hsa-circ-0012129-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-in-30-cases-of-human-glioma-and-human-glioma-cell-lines-u373-a172-and-shg44-by-targeting-microrna-661-mir-661
#10
Gang Xie
BACKGROUND Circular RNA (circRNA) is a stable non-coding RNA without 5'-3' polarity and without a poly-A tail, that contains response elements for microRNAs (miRNAs) such as miR-661. There have previously been few reported studies on the role of circRNAs in glioma. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the expression of the circRNA, hsa-circ-0012129, and miR-661 in human glioma tissue and human glioma cell lines. MATERIAL AND METHODS Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of hsa-circ-0012129 and miR-661 in glioma tissues from 31 patients (WHO grades I-IV), compared with adjacent normal tissue, and in human glioma cell lines, U373, A172, and SHG44, compared with the normal human astrocyte cell line, NHA...
April 24, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658967/identification-of-microrna-signature-in-different-pediatric-brain-tumors
#11
Marwa Tantawy, Mariam G Elzayat, Dina Yehia, Hala Taha
Understanding pediatric brain tumor biology is essential to help on disease stratification, and to find novel markers for early diagnosis. MicroRNA (miRNA) expression has been linked to clinical outcomes and tumor biology. Here, we aimed to detect the expression of different miRNAs in different pediatric brain tumor subtypes to discover biomarkers for early detection and develop novel therapies. Expression of 82 miRNAs was detected in 120 pediatric brain tumors from fixed-formalin paraffin-embedded tissues, low-grade glioma, high-grade glioma, ependymoma, and medulloblastoma, using quantitative real-time PCR...
January 2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642503/migration-invasion-of-malignant-gliomas-and-implications-for-therapeutic-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Ching-Ann Liu, Chia-Yu Chang, Kuo-Wei Hsueh, Hong-Lin Su, Tzyy-Wen Chiou, Shinn-Zong Lin, Horng-Jyh Harn
Malignant tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) are among cancers with the poorest prognosis, indicated by their association with tumors of high-level morbidity and mortality. Gliomas, the most common primary CNS tumors that arise from neuroglial stem or progenitor cells, have estimated annual incidence of 6.6 per 100,000 individuals in the USA, and 3.5 per 100,000 individuals in Taiwan. Tumor invasion and metastasis are the major contributors to the deaths in cancer patients. Therapeutic goals including cancer stem cells (CSC), phenotypic shifts, EZH2/AXL/TGF-β axis activation, miRNAs and exosomes are relevant to GBM metastasis to develop novel targeted therapeutics for GBM and other brain cancers...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616096/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-the-predicted-targets-of-mir-642b-3p-associated-with-the-long-non-coding-rna-hoxa11-as-in-nsclc-cells
#13
Yu Zhang, Jie Luo, Xiao Wang, Han-Lin Wang, Xiu-Ling Zhang, Ting-Qing Gan, Gang Chen, Dian-Zhong Luo
Long non-coding RNA HOXA11 antisense RNA (HOXA11-AS) has been previously reported to be involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of ovarian cancer and glioma. However, the function of HOXA11-AS in lung cancer remains unclear. Following the knockdown of HOXA11-AS in A549 cells, a microarray analysis was performed in order to detect the differences in microRNA (miRNA/miR) profiles. Subsequently, miR-642b-3p was selected for further analysis. Four miRNA target prediction algorithms were used to identify potential target genes of miR-642b-3p...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590646/human-glioblastoma-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-to-pericytes-transition-and-angiogenic-capacity-in-glioblastoma-microenvironment
#14
Dongye Yi, Wei Xiang, Qing Zhang, Yongcun Cen, Qing Su, Fangcheng Zhang, Yinping Lu, Hongyang Zhao, Peng Fu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tumor vascular formation and maintenance are crucial events in glioblastoma development. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to differentiate into pericytes and contribute to neovascularization in the glioma microenvironment. Moreover, glioblastoma-derived mesenchymal stem cells (gb-MSCs), which consist of CD90-MSCs and CD90+MSCs, are a subpopulation of MSCs that are more active in glioma vascularization. However, the functions of gb-MSCs and the microRNA (miRNA) modifications in the glioblastoma microenvironment have not yet been fully elucidated...
March 22, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559295/oligodendrocyte-progenitor-cells-and-macrophages-microglia-produce-glioma-stem-cell-niches-at-the-tumor-border
#15
Takuichiro Hide, Yoshihiro Komohara, Yuko Miyasato, Hideo Nakamura, Keishi Makino, Motohiro Takeya, Jun-Ichi Kuratsu, Akitake Mukasa, Shigetoshi Yano
Glioblastoma (GBM) usually develops in adult brain white matter. Even after complete resection, GBM recurs around the tumor removal cavity, where GBM cells acquire chemo-radioresistance. Characterization of the tumor border microenvironment is critical for improving prognosis in patients with GBM. Here, we compared microRNA (miRNA) expression in samples from the tumor, tumor border, and periphery by miRNA microarray. The top three of miRNAs showing higher expression in the tumor border were related to oligodendrocyte differentiation, and pathologically oligodendrocyte lineage cells were increased in the border, where macrophages and microglia also colocalized...
March 1, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549945/targeted-transport-of-nanocarriers-into-brain-for-theranosis-with-rabies-virus-glycoprotein-derived-peptide
#16
REVIEW
Chen Fu, Yonggang Xiang, Xiaorong Li, Ailing Fu
For successful theranosis of brain diseases, limited access of therapeutic molecules across blood-brain barrier (BBB) needs be overcome in brain delivery. Currently, peptide derivatives of rabies virus glycoprotein (RVG) have been exploited as delivery ligands to transport nanocarriers across BBB and specifically into the brain. The targeting peptides usually conjugate to the nanocarrier surface, and the cargoes, including siRNA, miRNA, DNA, proteins and small molecular chemicals, are complexed or encapsulated in the nanocarriers...
June 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545476/d-2-hydroxyglutarate-is-necessary-and-sufficient-for-isocitrate-dehydrogenase-1-mutant-induced-mir148a-promoter-methylation
#17
Tie Li, Christopher D Cox, Byram H Ozer, Nhung T Nguyen, HuyTram N Nguyen, Thomas J Lai, Sichen Li, Fei Liu, Harley I Kornblum, Linda M Liau, Phioanh L Nghiemphu, Timothy F Cloughesy, Albert Lai
Mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2 converts α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) to D-2 hydroxyglutarate (D-2-HG), a putative oncometabolite that can inhibit α-KG-dependent enzymes, including ten-eleven translocation methylcytosine dioxygenase (TET) DNA demethylases. We recently established that miRNAs are components of the IDH1 mutant-associated glioma CpG island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP) and specifically identified MIR148A as a tumor-suppressive miRNA within G-CIMP. However, the precise mechanism by which mutant IDH induces hypermethylation of MIR148A and other G-CIMP promoters remains to be elucidated...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531296/mir-129-5p-targets-wnt5a-to-block-pkc-erk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-jnk-pathways-in-glioblastoma
#18
Ailiang Zeng, Jianxing Yin, Yan Li, Rui Li, Zheng Wang, Xu Zhou, Xin Jin, Feng Shen, Wei Yan, Yongping You
Therapeutic application of microRNAs (miRNAs) in Wnt-driven glioma has been valuable; however, their specific roles and mechanisms have not been completely investigated. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to analyse the expression of microRNA-129-5p (miR-129-5p) in human glioma samples. Cell-Counting Kit 8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, EdU, angiogenesis, Transwell invasion, wound healing, in vitro 3D migration and neurosphere formation assays were employed to assess the role of miR-129-5p in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells...
March 12, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524580/microrna-128-inhibits-proliferation-and-invasion-of-glioma-cells-by-targeting-cox-2
#19
Yihai Lin, Zhangyi Wu
MicroRNAs (miRNA), a class of small noncoding RNAs, regulates message RNA (mRNA) by targeting the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) resulting in suppression of gene expression. In this study, we identified the expression and function of miR-128, which was found to be downregulated in glioma tissues and glioma cells by real time PCR. Overexpression of miR-128 mimics into LN229 and U251 cells could inhibit proliferation and invasion of glioma cells. However, the inhibitory effects of miR-128 mimics on the invasion and proliferation of glioma cells were reversed by overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)...
June 5, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521593/inhibition-of-glioblastoma-cell-invasion-by-hsa-mir-145-5p-and-hsa-mir-31-5p-co-overexpression-in-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#20
Ryota Kurogi, Akira Nakamizo, Satoshi O Suzuki, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Koji Yoshimoto, Toshiyuki Amano, Takeo Amemiya, So Takagishi, Koji Iihara
OBJECTIVE Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) show tropism for brain tumors and may be a useful vehicle for drug or gene delivery to malignant gliomas. Recently, some microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to suppress the invasiveness of malignant gliomas. METHODS To test their potential to become vehicles for the delivery of miRNA to malignant gliomas, hMSCs were engineered so that hMSC secretion of miRNAs that inhibit glioma cell invasion was enabled without altering the hMSC tropism for glioma cells...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
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