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mirna glioma

Yu Zhou, Yang Liu, Chao Hu, Yugang Jiang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs), a class of non-coding RNAs 18-25 nucleotides in length, act as key regulators in the development and malignant progression of various human cancers by modulating the expression of their target genes. Recently, miR‑16 has been demonstrated to be play a role in glioma. However, the regulatory mechanisms of miR‑16 in glioma growth and metastasis remain largely unclear. In the present study, qRT-PCR revealed that miR‑16 was significantly downregulated in 23 glioma tissue specimens compared to 7 normal brain tissue specimens...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Zheng-Nan Shan, Rui Tian, Min Zhang, Zhao-Hua Gui, Jing Wu, Min Ding, Xin-Fu Zhou, Jie He
MicroRNA128-1 (miR128-1), as a brain-specific miRNA, is downregulated in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and closely associated with the progression of GBM. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of the downregulation and its role in the regulation of tumorigenesis and anticancer drug resistance in GBM remains largely unknown. In the current study,we found that miR128-1 was downregulated in GBM and glioma stem-like cells (GSCs). Intriguingly, treatment with the DNA methylation inhibitors 5-Aza-CdR (Aza) and 4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA) resulted in miR128-1 upregulation in both GBM cells and GSCs...
October 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Sara Giovanna Romeo, Alfredo Conti, Francesca Polito, Chiara Tomasello, Valeria Barresi, Domenico La La Torre, Maria Cucinotta, Flavio Filippo Angileri, Marcello Bartolotta, Rosa Maria Di Giorgio, M'Hammed Aguennouz
Sirtuins are a family of 7 histone deacetylases largely involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, survival and death. The role of sirtuins in tumorigenesis and cancer progression has been previously studied in certain cancer types. Few studies have investigated sirtuin expression in gliomas, with controversial results. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of sirtuin-1 (Sirt-1) in diffuse astrocytoma [low grade astrocytoma (LGA)], anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and in primary glioma cell lines: PLGAC (primary LGA cells); PAAC (primary AA cells); and PGBMC (primary GBM cells)...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Mrunal Vitthal Wanjale, G S Vinod Kumar
Very few successful interventions have been possible in glioma therapy owing to its aggressive nature as well as its hindrance of targeted therapy together with the limited access afforded by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). With the advent of nanotechnology based delivery vehicles such as micelles, dendrimers, polymer-based nanoparticles and nanogels, the breach of the BBB has been facilitated. However, there remains the issue of targeted therapy for glioma cells. Peptide-mediated surface modification of nanocarriers serves this purpose, extending the ability to target glioma further than the enhanced permeability and retention effect...
October 3, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Yunzhi Pan, Wenna Liang, Xiaoyang Zhao, Luping Liu, Yang Qing, Yongmei Li
microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in cancer development and progression. In this study, we explored the expression and biological roles of miR-548b in human gliomas. The expression of miR-548b in human glioma tissues and cell lines was examined. Gain-of-function experiments were conducted to determine the roles of miR-548b in glioma cell growth, invasiveness, and tumorigenesis. Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assays were performed to identify direct target genes for miR-548b. miR-548b was underexpressed in human glioma tissues and cell lines...
September 27, 2016: Neuroreport
Weijie Min, Dongwei Dai, Jiaqi Wang, Dandan Zhang, Yuhui Zhang, Guosheng Han, Lei Zhang, Chao Chen, Xiulong Li, Yanan Li, Zhijian Yue
BACKGROUND: Glioma remains a diagnostic challenge because of its variable clinical presentation and a lack of reliable screening tools. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate gene function in a wide range of pathophysiological processes and are therefore emerging biomarkers for prostate cancer, hepatic cancer, and other tumor diseases. However, the effective use of lncRNAs as biomarkers for the diagnosis of glioma remains unproven. METHODS: This study included 42 glioma patients and 10 healthy controls...
2016: PloS One
Gang Peng, Yiwei Liao, Chenfu Shen
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common primary brain cancer in adults, is usually the most lethal type of brain tumor. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding RNA molecules that deeply involves with the regulation of gene expression and cellular processes, including proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion. The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of miRNA-429 on human glioblastoma tissues and cell lines. miRNA-429 expressions in human glioblastoma, normal brain tissue samples, and human malignant glioma cell lines (U87, U251 and LN229) were compared using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blot methods...
September 23, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Ying Liang, Wenhui Yang, Yanhui Zhu, Yulin Yuan
Growing evidence from recent studies has revealed that microRNA-203 (miR-203) might be an attractive prognostic biomarker for cancer. But controversy still remains. The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize available evidences and clarify the preliminary predictive value of miR-203 for prognosis in cancer patients. Eligible studies were identified through multiple research strategies in PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science up to October 2015. Key statistics such as pooled hazard ratios (HR) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were utilized to calculate patient survival...
2016: SpringerPlus
Xing Hua, Yu Xiao, Wenhai Pan, Meiyun Li, Xiaoxiao Huang, Zexiao Liao, Qi Xian, Lina Yu
Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths among men, many miRNAs have been demonstrated to play critical role in the progression of prostate cancer, miR-186 suppresses the progression of many tumors, such as bladder cancer and glioma. Previous study shows miR-186 is downregulated in prostate cancer tissues, and is a good prognosis for prostate cancer patients. In this study, we found miR-186 was downregulated in prostate cancer cells and tissues, overexpression of miR-186 inhibited cell proliferation and tumorigenesis in vitro determined by MTT assay, colony formation assay and soft agar growth assay, whereas knockdown of miR-186 reduced these effects...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Liang Xue, Yi Wang, Shuyuan Yue, Jianning Zhang
The aim of this study is to explore the expression of microRNA (miRNA)-221 and miRNA-222 in human glioma cells and tissues. The expression of miRNA-221 and miRNA-222 in human glioma cell line U87, U251, A172, LN229 and surgery resected glioma tissues were measured. The survival rate of X-ray (2 Gy) irradiated glioma cells were calculated. 165 cases of glioma patients were recruited successfully; the expression of miRNA-221 and miRNA-222 in their resected tissues were measured. The expression of miRNA-221 and miRNA-222 in cancer tissues were obviously higher than control tissues (normal brain tissue) and control cell (gastric mucosal epithelial cell, GES) (p < 0...
September 15, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Isabele C Iser, Mariana B Pereira, Guido Lenz, Márcia R Wink
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive form of brain cancer due to its highly invasive nature that impedes the surgical removal of all tumor cells, making relapse inevitable. However, the mechanisms used by glioma cells to invade the surrounding tissue are still unclear. In this context, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has emerged as a key regulator of this invasive state and although the real relevance of this program in malignant glioma is still controversial, it has been strongly associated with GBM malignancy...
September 12, 2016: Medicinal Research Reviews
E Cosset, T Petty, V Dutoit, D Tirefort, P Otten-Hernandez, L Farinelli, P-Y Dietrich, O Preynat-Seauve
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is among the most aggressive cancers associated with massive infiltration of peritumoral parenchyma by migrating tumor cells. The infiltrative nature of GBM cells, the intratumoral heterogeneity concomitant with redundant signaling pathways likely underlie the inability of conventional and targeted therapies to achieve long-term remissions. In this respect, microRNAs (miRNAs), which are endogenous small non-coding RNAs that play a role in cancer aggressiveness, emerge as possible relevant prognostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets for treatment of malignant gliomas...
November 2016: Biomaterials
Simone Treiger Sredni, Chiang-Ching Huang, Mario Suzuki, Tatiana Pundy, Pauline Chou, Tadanori Tomita
BACKGROUND: Pediatric low-grade gliomas (P-LGG) consist of a mixed group of brain tumors that correspond to the majority of CNS tumors in children. Notably, they may exhibit spontaneous involution after subtotal surgical removal (STR). In this study, we investigated molecular indicators of spontaneous involution in P-LGG. METHODS: We performed an integrated molecular analysis including high throughput gene expression (GE), microRNA (miRNA) expression data of primary, untreated tumors from patients with P-LGG who underwent STR at our institution, with at least 10 years follow-up...
September 9, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Wenjiong Hao, Wei Luo, Mangmang Bai, Jian Li, Xiaobin Bai, Jie Guo, Jinsong Wu, Maode Wang
Gliomas are the most common type of brain tumor and have a poor prognosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, endogenous, and non-coding RNAs that play crucial roles in cell proliferation, survival, and invasion. Deregulated expression of miR-206 has been investigated in many cancers. However, the role of miR-206 in glioblastoma is still unclear. In the present study, we found that the expression of miR-206 was decreased in cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. However, the expression level of BCL-2 was higher in cancer tissues than that in normal tissues (all p < 0...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Chao Li, Jianjun Sun, Qian Xiang, Yan Liang, Nan Zhao, Zhuo Zhang, Qianxin Liu, Yimin Cui
MicroRNA-21 (miRNA-21) has recently been shown to be a promising prognostic tumor biomarker. However, few studies have not supported this idea and have shown inconsistent data. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to elucidate the predictive value of miRNA-21 in gliomas. The relevant studies were identified by performing online search in PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science databases up to Apr 2016. This meta-analysis study included seven eligible studies, consisting of 1121 gliomas and 533 glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Ilya V Ulasov, Natalya V Kaverina, Dhimankrishna Ghosh, Marya A Baryshnikova, Zaira G Kadagidze, Apollon I Karseladze, Anatoly Y Baryshnikov, Charles S Cobbs
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a rapidly progressive brain tumor with a median survival of 15-19 months. Therapeutic resistance and recurrence of the disease is attributed to cancer stem cells (CSC). Here, we report that CMV70-3P miRNA encoded by CMV increases GBM CSC stemness. Inhibition of CMV70-3P expression using oligo inhibitors significantly attenuated the ability of primary glioma cells to proliferate and form neurospheres. At the molecular level, we show that CM70-3P increases expression of cellular SOX2...
August 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Xiaogang Liu, Shanjun Wang, Aiqin Yuan, Xunhui Yuan, Bing Liu
Glioma is the most frequent primary malignant tumor of the human brain. Recently, great progress has been made in the combined therapy of glioma. However, the clinical effects of these treatments and prognosis for patients with glioma remains poor. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to play important roles in the initiation and progression of various types of human cancers, also including glioma. The present study investigated the expression patterns of microRNA‑140 (miR-140) in glioma, and the roles of miR-140 in glioma cell proliferation, migration and invasion...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Alfredo Conti, Sara G Romeo, Annamaria Cama, Domenico La Torre, Valeria Barresi, Gaetana Pezzino, Chiara Tomasello, Salvatore Cardali, Filippo F Angileri, Francesca Polito, Guido Ferlazzo, Rosamaria Di Giorgio, Antonino Germanò, M'hammed Aguennouz
The role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in glioma biology is increasingly recognized. To investigate the regulatory mechanisms governing the malignant signature of gliomas with different grades of malignancy, we analyzed miRNA expression profiles in human grade I-IV tumor samples and primary glioma cell cultures. Multiplex real-time PCR was used to profile miRNA expression in a set of World Health Organization (WHO) grade I (pilocytic astrocytoma), II (diffuse fibrillary astrocytoma), and IV (glioblastoma multiforme) astrocytic tumors and primary glioma cell cultures...
August 6, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Peng-Hsu Chen, Cheng-Kuei Chang, Chwen-Ming Shih, Chia-Hsiung Cheng, Cheng-Wei Lin, Chin-Cheng Lee, Ann-Jeng Liu, Kuo-Hao Ho, Ku-Chung Chen
Xanthohumol (XN), a prenylated chalcone extracted from hop plant Humulus lupulus L. (Cannabaceae), has potential for cancer therapy, including gliomas. Micro (mi)RNAs are small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression. Several miRNAs have been identified to participate in regulating glioma development. However, no studies have demonstrated whether miRNA is involved in XN cytotoxicity resulting in glioma cell death. This study investigated the effects of XN-mediated miRNA expression in activating apoptotic pathways in glioblastoma U87 MG cells...
November 2016: Neuropharmacology
Hongbao Guo, Yang Nan, Yingwei Zhen, Yahui Zhang, Liyun Guo, Kai Yu, Qiang Huang, Yue Zhong
MicroRNAs play an important role in tumor development and progression. Tumor growth is closely associated with glucose metabolism. Specifically, tumor cells produce energy (ATP) under aerobic and anaerobic conditions through glycolysis and metabolites, such as lactic acid and ATP, as a result of the Warburg effect. However, the transport of glucose into cells depends on protein transporters in the cell membrane. Therefore, this area has recently become a topic of interest for research on targeted cancer therapy...
July 31, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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