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Thoracic canal embolization

Yi Zhou, Evan J Ryer, Robert P Garvin, Jeremy L Irvan, James R Elmore
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal compression syndrome is a rare non-atherosclerotic cause of arterial occlusion and limb ischemia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is an 18-year-old healthy female who presented to the emergency department with acute left lower extremity ischemia. Her symptoms began as sudden onset mild foot pain approximately two months ago. Over the 72h prior to presentation, she developed severe pain, pallor, paralysis, loss of pedal pulses, paresthesia, and poikilothermia...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Robert L Petersen, Saar Danon, Saadeh Jureidini
OBJECTIVES: We describe the use of trans-thoracic and trans-conduit puncture to access the atria and perform interventional procedures in patients who have undergone conduit total cavopulmonary anastomosis. BACKGROUND: Catheter access to the atria following intra or extra-cardiac Fontan is desirable when there is a need for trans-atrial interventions. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, 5 patients ages 7 to 28 years underwent this approach; three trans-thoracic and 2 trans-conduit punctures...
May 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
V Mortera-Balsa, H van Oostrom, C Yeamans, R Gutierrez-Quintana, J Penderis, N Granger
Venous air embolism entering via the ventral internal vertebral venous plexus was suspected during thoracic spinal surgery in two dogs. In both cases, air was seen bubbling from a pool of blood on the floor of the vertebral canal accompanied by sudden cardiopulmonary disturbances: low end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure, tachycardia and reduction in oxygen in the blood. One dog became dyspnoeic and one died.
June 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Charlotte Pineau, Brice Lavrard, François Boyer, Laëtitia Percebois-Macadré
OBJECTIVE: MRI has highly changed the assessment of post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS), roughly estimated at 30% nowadays. Times to onset (TTO) symptoms are random. This case report describes how hyperhidrosis appeared and revealed PTS diagnosis. OBSERVATIONS: Mr M., 43-year-old, is rehabilitation inpatient after T10 AIS A spinal cord injury (SCI). Three months after this event, Mr M complains of acute hyperhidrosis crisis always located below the injury, which can occur at any time of the day, particularly when he moves...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Agnieszka Saracen, Zbigniew Kotwica
Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) is a minimally invasive procedure widely used for the treatment of pain due to vertebral fractures of different origins-osteoporotic, traumatic, or neoplastic. PVP is minimally invasive, but the complications are not rare; however, they are in most cases not significant clinically. The most frequent is cement leakage, which can occur onto veins, paravertebral soft tissue, into the intervertebral disk, or to the spinal canal, affecting foraminal area or epidural space. We analyzed results of treatment and complications of vertebroplasty performed with the use of polimethylomethylacrylate cement (PMMA) on 1100 vertebrae, with a special regard to the severity of complication and eventual clinical manifestation...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Waleed Brinjikji, Rong Yin, Deena M Nasr, Giuseppe Lanzino
Spinal epidural arteriovenous fistulas (SEDAVFs) are rare complex lesions often presenting with protean clinical manifestations secondary to compressive symptoms or congestive myelopathy. The imaging manifestations of SEDAVFs on MR angiography/MRI include high T2 signal in the spinal cord, vascular engorgement of the epidural space, and prominent intradural vascular flow voids. Given the complexity of these lesions, they are best characterized anatomically on catheter angiography where careful inspection of arterial feeders and venous drainage patterns can be performed...
January 20, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Qiang Yuan, Guilin Zhang, Jingye Wu, Yonggang Xing, Yuqing Sun, Wei Tian
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of three-dimensional (3D) navigation-guided polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)-augmented thoracic and lumbar pedicle screw fixation for the osteoporotic patients. METHODS: 27 consecutive osteoporosis patients with a variety of spinal disorders who underwent 3D navigation-guided PMMA-augmented pedicle screw fixation were evaluated clinically and radiologically in the perioperative and 1-year follow-up period. The improvement of Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores was analyzed...
May 2015: European Spine Journal
Yuo Iizuka, Mitimasa Suzuki, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Keigo Shimoji, Shinji Komura
We report the clinical and neuroradiological imaging findings of a 26-year-old man who presented with lumbago related to high flow paraspinal osseous epidural arteriovenous fistulas in the thoracic spine. This case was of particular interest because of his exclusive epidural and paraspinal venous drainage and the presence of a prominent dilated venous pouch in the spinal canal. Angiography demonstrated multiple high flow arteriovenous fistulas with an osseous nidus. Transarterial glue embolization was performed by multistage sessions...
June 3, 2008: Neuroradiology Journal
Bizhan Aarabi, James S Harrop, Charles H Tator, Melvin Alexander, Joseph R Dettori, Robert G Grossman, Michael G Fehlings, Stuart E Mirvis, Kathirkamanathan Shanmuganathan, Katie M Zacherl, Keith D Burau, Ralph F Frankowski, Elizabeth Toups, Christopher I Shaffrey, James D Guest, Susan J Harkema, Nader M Habashi, Penny Andrews, Michele M Johnson, Michael K Rosner
OBJECT: Pulmonary complications are the most common acute systemic adverse events following spinal cord injury (SCI), and contribute to morbidity, mortality, and increased length of hospital stay (LOS). Identification of factors associated with pulmonary complications would be of value in prevention and acute care management. Predictors of pulmonary complications after SCI and their effect on neurological recovery were prospectively studied between 2005 and 2009 at the 9 hospitals in the North American Clinical Trials Network (NACTN)...
September 2012: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Lei Dang, Chen Liu, Shao Min Yang, Liang Jiang, Zhong Jun Liu, Xiao Guang Liu, Hui Shu Yuan, Feng Wei, Miao Yu
PURPOSE: Vertebral hemangioma (VH) is virtually vascular malformation, which is usually asymptomatic. Only 3.7 % of VH may become active and symptomatic, and 1 % may invade the spinal canal and/or paravertebral space. Treatment protocols for active or aggressive VHs are still in controversy. Reported treatments include radiotherapy, vertebroplasty, direct alcohol injection, embolization, surgery and a combination of these modalities. METHODS: A 41-year-old lady was presented with 18 month history of intermittent back pain...
October 2012: European Spine Journal
L Hrabálek, M Starý, S Rosík, T Wanek
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Vertebral hemangiomas (VH) are usually asymptomatic and, therefore, are commonly detected as accidental findings on spinal imaging. No treatment is indicated in these cases. Nevertheless, some hemangiomas may clinically manifest as axial pain and neurological deficit and may require surgery or other treatment. The aim of this study was to assess outcomes of surgical management of symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas at two neurosurgical clinics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study of patients with symtomatic vertebral hemangioma managed surgically at Neurosurgical Clinic of Faculty Hospital and Medical Faculty (FN and LF UP) of Palacky University in Olomouc and at Neurosurgical Department of Ostrava-Fifejdy Hospital...
May 2011: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Robert G Louis, Chun Po Yen, Carrie A Mohila, James W Mandell, Jason Sheehan
The authors report the case of a patient with an intraosseous spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) presenting as an epidural mass lesion that was causing spinal cord compression. The 59-year-old woman had bilateral numbness, weakness, and hyperreflexia of both legs. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed intermediate T1 signal and hyperintense T2 signal involving the right transverse process, bilateral pedicles, and T-5 spinous process; the lesion's epidural extension was causing severe canal compromise and cord displacement...
September 2011: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Justin Alexander, Adam Meir, Nikitas Vrodos, Yun-Hom Yau
STUDY DESIGN: A case report and a discussion of recent published data. OBJECTIVE: To highlight the importance of vertebral hemangioma (VH) as a differential diagnosis in the evaluation of locally aggressive spinal lesions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: VH commonly occur as incidental findings, however, locally aggressive VH have been described. Difficulties in diagnosing these lesions are well reported and relate to changes in fat content causing uncharacteristic appearances on imaging...
August 15, 2010: Spine
Munehisa Shinozaki, Akio Morita, Koji Kamijo, Atsushi Seichi, Nobuhito Saito, Takaaki Kirino
A 27-year-old woman presented with vertebral hemangioma manifesting as sudden onset of paraplegia, and bladder and bowel dysfunction during pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass lesion that had infiltrated into the entire T2 vertebral body and expanded to the vertebral canal. Laminectomy from T1 to T3 and biopsy of the lesion were performed. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of vertebral hemangioma, but laminectomy resulted in no neurological changes. The patient was transferred to our hospital, where radical treatment comprising embolization of the feeding arteries, posterior stabilization of the vertebrae, and anterior excision of the tumor was performed...
2010: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
S M Slavković, Z Vukasinović, N S Slavković, M D Apostolović
Paget disease, localized only on thoracic spine is extremly rare. It is a huge diagnostic problem and an equally big therapy challenge. Course of this disease is slow, it chronically worsens, thus demanding differentiation of various conditions, along with orthopaedic, neurological, radiographic and endocrine evaluation. Paget disease is followed by back pain, progressive weakening of legs and sphincter functions, due to pathological spine fractures and spinal stenosis. The treatment is surgical, in form of decompression and applying biphosphonates...
2010: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
Donnell K Bowen, Lex A Mitchell, Mark W Burnett, Veronica J Rooks, Jonathan E Martin
Pyomyositis, a suppurative infection of skeletal muscle, is a disease not frequently encountered by neurosurgical providers. While previously considered an infection localized to tropical and semitropical locations, clinical reports of pyomyositis in temperate climates have increased over the past decade. Paraspinal involvement is uncommon in pyomyositis; however, the potential exists for spread into the epidural space resulting in a spinal epidural abscess (SEA). Early diagnosis of an SEA is frequently hampered by the absence of specific signs, unfamiliarity with the disease, atypical manifestations, and a broad differential diagnosis that includes more common causes of back pain...
July 2010: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Walter D Johnson, Michelle M Petrie
Cobb syndrome is a rare clinical entity that includes the combination of a vascular skin nevus and an angioma in the spinal canal present at identical dermatomal level(s) (cutaneomeningospinal angiomatosis). To date, 38 cases have been reported, only 18 of which are in adults (> 18 years of age). The majority of these cases have been described in the era predating current neuroimaging techniques, and most authors have assumed that each case involves similar vascular pathology. This report highlights 2 patients presenting with similar thoracic cutaneous vascular nevi yet with markedly differing spinal vascular pathology...
May 2009: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Aiki Marushima, Yuji Matsumaru, Kensuke Suzuki, Tomoji Takigawa, Yuji Kujiraoka, Izumi Anno, Akira Matsumura
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of aneurysmal bone cyst of the mobile spine. OBJECTIVE: To present a pediatric case of aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) of the mobile spine treated successfully by selective arterial embolization (SAE) with n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The endovascular treatment is an important treatment option for the ABC of the mobile spine. However, there are few reported case treated by SAE with NBCA. METHODS: A 12-year-old healthy boy was introduced with a complaint of back pain...
March 15, 2009: Spine
Konstantinos Soultanis, John D Kakisis, Nikolaos Pyrovolou, Andreas M Lazaris, Spyros Vasdekis, Panagiotis Soukakos
Cement embolism of the pulmonary arteries is a well-known complication of percutaneous vertebroplasty as well as orthopedic procedures involving instrumentation of the medullary canal. A few cases of paradoxical cement embolism have also been described. Herein, we report a case of cortical bone void filler embolism to the infragenicular arteries during revision spine surgery. The cement had entered the aorta via the left L3 lumbar artery. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of embolism due to direct arterial migration of cement during an orthopedic procedure...
May 2009: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Noriaki Matsubara, Shigeru Miyachi, Takashi Izumi, Tomotaka Ohshima, Arihito Tsurumi, Osamu Hososhima, Takeshi Kinkori, Jun Yoshida
The use of 3D digital subtraction (DS) angiography provides a better understanding of spinal vascular lesion architecture. The authors report on 2 cases involving a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) and demonstrate the usefulness of 3D DS angiography for endovascular treatment of these spinal DAVFs. In both cases, middle-aged male patients suffered from bilateral leg hypesthesia, gait disturbance, and urinary dysfunction several months before treatment. Spinal angiography revealed DAVFs that were fed by a radicular artery branching from the intercostal artery and draining veins proceeding superiorly along the perimedullary veins...
May 2008: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
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