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Stem cell AND seed cells AND tissue engineering

Hui Qu, Bao-Dong Xie, Jian Wu, Bo Lv, Jun-Bo Chuai, Jian-Zhong Li, Jun Cai, Hua Wu, Shu-Lin Jiang, Xiao-Ping Leng, Kai Kang
Background: Engineered heart tissues (EHTs) present a promising alternative to current materials for surgical ventricular restoration (SVR); however, the clinical application remains limited by inadequate vascularization postimplantation. Moreover, a suitable and economic animal model for primary screening is another important issue. Methods: Recently, we used 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride chemistry (EDC) to initiate a strengthened, cytokine-conjugated collagenous platform with a controlled degradation speed...
2018: Stem Cells International
Saverio La Francesca, Johnathon M Aho, Matthew R Barron, Ellen W Blanco, Sherif Soliman, Lena Kalenjian, Ariel D Hanson, Elisaveta Todorova, Matthew Marsh, KaLia Burnette, Harout DerSimonian, Robert D Odze, Dennis A Wigle
Treatment of esophageal disease can necessitate resection and reconstruction of the esophagus. Current reconstruction approaches are limited to utilization of an autologous conduit such as stomach, small bowel, or colon. A tissue engineered construct providing an alternative for esophageal replacement in circumferential, full thickness resection would have significant clinical applications. In the current study, we demonstrate that regeneration of esophageal tissue is feasible and reproducible in a large animal model using synthetic polyurethane electro-spun grafts seeded with autologous adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aMSCs) and a disposable bioreactor...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yaniv Mayer, Ofir Ginesin, Alaa Khutaba, Eli E Machtei, Hadar Zigdon Giladi
BACKGROUND: Cells, scaffolds, and growth factors are the key components in bone tissue engineering. Scaffold composition, topography, and architecture influence the amount of regenerated bone in the implantation site. The aims of the study were to compare viability and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded onto two commercial xenografts: Bio-Oss (BO) and bioactive bone bovine (BB). Next, these materials were compared for histomorphometric bone formation in a socket preservation model in rats...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Ágata Paim, Isabel C Tessaro, Nilo S M Cardozo, Patricia Pranke
Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary field of research in which the cells, biomaterials, and processes can be optimized to develop a tissue substitute. Three-dimensional (3D) architectural features from electrospun scaffolds, such as porosity, tortuosity, fiber diameter, pore size, and interconnectivity have a great impact on cell behavior. Regarding tissue development in vitro, culture conditions such as pH, osmolality, temperature, nutrient, and metabolite concentrations dictate cell viability inside the constructs...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
Aline L Y Nachlas, Siyi Li, Rajneesh Jha, Monalisa Singh, Chunhui Xu, Michael E Davis
Despite recent advances in tissue engineered heart valves (TEHV), a major challenge is identifying a cell source for seeding TEHV scaffolds. Native heart valves are durable because valve interstitial cells (VICs) maintain tissue homeostasis by synthesizing and remodeling the extracellular matrix. In this study, the goal is to demonstrate that induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (iMSCs) can be derived from iPSCs using a feeder-free protocol and then further matured into VICs by encapsulation within 3D hydrogels...
March 2, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
A Farag, S M Hashimi, C Vaquette, P M Bartold, D W Hutmacher, S Ivanovski
AIM: To evaluate the effect of decellularized tissue engineered constructs on cell differentiation in vitro and periodontal regeneration in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Periodontal ligament cell (PDLC) sheets were loaded on polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds then decellularized. Constructs were assessed for their effect on allogenic PDLC and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation in vitro, as evaluated by gene expression of bone and periodontal ligament tissue markers post-seeding...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Jordana Gilbert-Honick, Shama R Iyer, Sarah M Somers, Richard M Lovering, Kathryn Wagner, Hai-Quan Mao, Warren L Grayson
Tissue engineering strategies to treat patients with volumetric muscle loss (VML) aim to recover the structure and contractile function of lost muscle tissue. Here, we assessed the capacity of novel electrospun fibrin hydrogel scaffolds seeded with murine myoblasts to regenerate the structure and function of damaged muscle within VML defects to the mouse tibialis anterior muscle. The electrospun fibrin scaffolds provide pro-myogenic alignment and stiffness cues, myomimetic hierarchical structure, suturability, and scale-up capabilities...
February 20, 2018: Biomaterials
H-H Greco Song, Rowza T Rumma, C Keith Ozaki, Elazer R Edelman, Christopher S Chen
Although the clinical demand for bioengineered blood vessels continues to rise, current options for vascular conduits remain limited. The synergistic combination of emerging advances in tissue fabrication and stem cell engineering promises new strategies for engineering autologous blood vessels that recapitulate not only the mechanical properties of native vessels but also their biological function. Here we explore recent bioengineering advances in creating functional blood macro and microvessels, particularly featuring stem cells as a seed source...
March 1, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
Jin Jeon, Min Suk Lee, Hee Seok Yang
Background: The extracellular matrix (ECM) can directly or indirectly influence on regulation of cell functions such as cell adhesion, migration, proliferation and differentiation. The cell derived ECM (CD-ECM) is a useful in vitro model for studying the comprehensive functions of CD-ECM because it maintains a native-like structure and composition. In this study, the CD-ECM is obtained and a test is carried out to determine the effectiveness of several combinations of decellularized methods...
2018: Biomaterials Research
Bruna Nunes Teixeira, Paola Aprile, Roberta H Mendonça, Daniel J Kelly, Rossana Mara da Silva Moreira Thiré
The majority of synthetic polymers used in 3 D printing are not designed to promote specific cellular interactions and hence possess limited bioactivity. Most of the strategies proposed to overcome this limitation demand multiple and expensive processing steps. This study aimed to evaluate the surface modification of 3D-printed poly(lactic acid) (PLA) scaffolds with polydopamine (PDA) coating as an alternative strategy to enhance their bioactivity and to facilitate the immobilization of type I collagen (COL I) onto the implant surface...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Jing Ding, Qin Han, Mou Deng, Xiao-Chen Song, Chun Chen, Fang-Fang Ai, Lan Zhu, Robert Chun-Hua Zhao
HUMSCs were isolated, differentiated and characterized in vitro. Both HUMSCs and smooth muscle cells differentiated from HUMSCs were used to fabricate tissue-engineered fascia equivalents. Forty-eight mature female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups: group A (GynemeshTMPS, n = 12), group B (GynemeshTMPS + HUMSCs; n = 12), group C (GynemeshTMPS + smooth muscle cells differentiated from HUMSCs; n = 12) and group D (GynemeshTMPS + HUMSCs + smooth muscle cells differentiated from HUMSCs; n = 12)...
February 26, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Da-Wei Li, Jin He, Feng-Li He, Ya-Li Liu, Yang-Yang Liu, Ya-Jing Ye, Xudong Deng, Da-Chuan Yin
As a biodegradable polymer thin film, silk fibroin/chitosan composite film overcomes the defects of pure silk fibroin and chitosan films, respectively, and shows remarkable biocompatibility, appropriate hydrophilicity and mechanical properties. Silk fibroin/chitosan thin film can be used not only as metal implant coating for bone injury repair, but also as tissue engineering scaffold for skin, cornea, adipose, and other soft tissue injury repair. However, the biocompatibility of silk fibroin/chitosan thin film for mesenchymal stem cells, a kind of important seed cell of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, is rarely reported...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Andrea Fotticchia, Emrah Demirci, Cristina Lenardi, Y Liu
There is lack of investigation capturing the complex mechanical interaction of tissue engineered IVD (intervertebral disc) constructs in physiologically-relevant environmental conditions. In this study, mechanical characterisation of anisotropic eletrospinning (ES) substrates made of polycaprolactone (PCL) was carried out in wet and dry conditions and viability of human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) seeded within double layers of ES PCL was also studied. Cyclic compression of IVD-like constructs composed of an agarose core confined by ES PCL double-layers was implemented using a bioreactor and the cellular response to the mechanical stimulation was evaluated...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Anh La, Robert T Tranquillo
Conferring anti-thrombogenicity to tissue-engineered vascular grafts remains a major challenge, especially for urgent bypass grafting that excludes approaches based on expanding autologous endothelial cells that requires weeks of cell culture. Adipose-derived stem cells are available from most patients in sufficient number for coronary bypass graft seeding and may be effective as allogeneic cells. We thus compared the adhesion and platelet binding of human adipose-derived stem cells that were shear-conditioned with steady and pulsatile shear stress after seeding the cells on a biologically-engineered matrix suitable for arterial grafts...
February 16, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Michael Griessl, Anna-Maria Buchberger, Sybille Regn, Kilian Kreutzer, Katharina Storck
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To find an alternative approach to contemporary techniques in tissue augmentation and reconstruction, tissue engineering strategies aim to involve adipose-derived stem and stromal cells (ASCs) harboring a strong differentiation potential into various tissue types such as bone, cartilage, and fat. STUDY DESIGN: Animal research. METHODS: The stromal vascular fraction (SVF) was used directly as a cell source to provide a potential alternative to contemporary ASC-based adipose tissue engineering...
February 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
Yan-Yun Wu, Yan-Peng Jiao, Li-Ling Xiao, Min-Min Li, Hong-Wei Liu, Sheng-Hong Li, Xuan Liao, Yong-Tian Chen, Jiang-Xuan Li, Yang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Wound healing is a complex process that relies on growth factors and stimulation of angiogenesis. Tissue engineering materials composed of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and silk fibroin (SF)/chitosan (CS) may be able to solve this problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the wound-healing potential of ADSC-seeded SF/CS in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were purchased and randomly assigned into 3 groups: a control group (no graft), a group treated with SF/CS film graft, and a group treated with ADSC-seeded SF/CS graft...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Yue Cai, Shuang Tong, Ran Zhang, Tong Zhu, Xukai Wang
Scaffold fabrication and biocompatibility are crucial for successful bone tissue engineering. Nanometer hydroxyapatite (nHAP) combined with collagen (COL) is frequently utilized as a suitable osseous scaffold material. Furthermore, growth factors, including bone morphogenetic protein‑2 (BMP‑2), are used to enhance the scaffold properties. The present study used blending and freeze‑drying methods to develop a BMP‑2‑nHAP‑COL scaffold. An ELISA was performed to determine the BMP‑2 release rate from the scaffold...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Sepide Heydari Asl, Hoorieh Hosseinpoor, Kazem Parivar, Nasim Hayati Roodbari, Hana Hanaee-Ahvaz
BACKGROUND: Despite significant achievements in the field of tissue engineering, simplification and improvement of the existing protocols are of great importance. The use of complex differentiation media, due to the presence of multiple factors, may have some undesired effects on cell health and functions. Thus, minimizing the number of involved factors, while maintaining the differentiation efficiency, provides less costly and controllable conditions. Adipose-derived Mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), the adult stem cells present in adipose tissue, can be a suitable source of stem cells due to abundant and ease of access...
February 2018: Tissue & Cell
Huijie Jianga, Pengzhen Chenga, Donglin Lia, Junqin Lia, Jimeng Wanga, Yi Gaoa, Shuaishuai Zhanga, Tianqing Caoa, Chunmei Wanga, Liu Yanga, Guoxian Peia
Massive bone defects are a challenge in orthopedic research. Defective regeneration leads to bone atrophy, non-union of bone and physical morbidity. Large animals are important models, however, production costs are high, nursing is complex and evaluation methods are limited. A suitable laboratory animal model is required to explore the underlying molecular mechanism and cellular process of bone tissue engineering. We designed a stainless steel plate with eight holes; the middle two holes were used as a guide to create a standardized critical size defect in the femur of anesthetized rats...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Heyong Yin, Zexing Yan, Richard Bauer, Jiang Peng, Matthias Schieker, Michael Nerlich, Denitsa Docheva
Thermosensitive hydrogels have been studied for potential application as promising alternative cell carriers in cell-based regenerative therapies. In this study, a thermosensitive butane diisocyanate (BDI)-collagen hydrogel (BC hydrogel) was designed as injectable cell delivery carrier of tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) for tendon tissue engineering. We functionalized the BDI hydrogel with the addition of 20% (v/v) collagen I gel to obtain the thermosensitive BC hydrogel, which was then seeded with TSPCs derived from human Achilles tendons...
February 8, 2018: Biomedical Materials
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