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Psychiatry education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141123/improving-mental-health-training-for-primary-care-residents-a-resident-led-educational-intervention
#1
Peter J Ureste, Tammy L Duong, Andreea L Seritan, Ana-Maria Iosif, Donald M Hilty
Objective: Psychiatric training in family medicine residency programs is necessary but not always sufficient. A brief educational intervention was designed to help improve family medicine residents' knowledge, comfort, and attitudes in delivering mental health care. Methods: A 6-hour didactic curriculum was taught by 2 psychiatry residents to family medicine residents between February and April 2015. Preintervention and postintervention surveys assessed participant demographics, knowledge, comfort levels, and attitudes regarding treating patients with psychiatric illness...
November 2, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117427/impact-of-a-nursing-in-psychiatry-course-on-students-attitudes-toward-mental-health-disorders
#2
Goran Arbanas, Dina Bosnjak, Tamara Sabo
Negative attitudes toward patients with mental illnesses are not uncommon among health professionals, and lead to poorer quality and outcomes of care. Because attitudes are formed early in life, the current study aimed to investigate if teaching psychiatry in secondary school nursing students (i.e., adolescents) changes attitudes toward three prevalent psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression. A pilot quasi-experimental study was conducted with 51 fourth-year students in secondary nursing school who completed a questionnaire regarding attitudes toward these disorders on the first and last day of their Nursing in Psychiatry course...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112197/association-of-genetic-ancestry-with-striatal-dopamine-d2-d3-receptor-availability
#3
C E Wiers, P C Towb, C A Hodgkinson, P-H Shen, C Freeman, G Miller, E Lindgren, E Shokri-Kojori, Ş B Demiral, S W Kim, D Tomasi, H Sun, G-J Wang, D Goldman, N D Volkow
Despite ethnic differences in allele frequencies of variants in dopaminergic genes associated with dopamine D2/D3 receptor availability (D2R), no study to date has investigated the relationship between genetic ancestry and striatal D2R. Here, we show that ancestry-informative markers significantly predict dorsal striatal D2R in 117 healthy ethnically diverse residents of the New York metropolitan area using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) with [(11)C]raclopride (P<0.0001), while correcting for age, sex, BMI, education, smoking status, and estimated socioeconomic status (ZIP codes)...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107461/vignettes-and-viewpoints-from-a-professional-autobiography
#4
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey M Lyness
In this professional autobiography, the author describes factors contributing to important decisions in his academic geriatric psychiatry career. Major inflection points included embarking on clinical research and later deciding to focus more on leadership roles in education and in faculty affairs. The discussion then examines themes that have emerged in reviewing this career arc, including the value of: the variety and social connectedness inherent in the academic life; cultivation of interpersonal relationships and best efforts as much as possible; an open mind ready to (collegially) seize new opportunities; and family, friends, and avocational pursuits as complements to one's profession...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102367/-the-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-comparative-study-in-a-population-of-french-and-greek-anorexic-patients
#5
M Kountza, G Garyfallos, D Ploumpidis, E Varsou, I Gkiouzepas
OBJECTIVE: The current study had two objectives: (1) to access the psychiatric comorbidity in axis I and axis II (according to DSM-IV) of anorexia nervosa in a sample of 60 anorexic patients; (2) to compare the features of the psychiatric comorbidity between the two groups of French and Greek anorexic patients who participated in the study, as well as to compare some psychological and behavioral aspects of their anorectic psychopathology. METHOD: Sixty anorexic patients, thirty French and thirty Greek, aged between 18 and 60 years, referred for evaluation and therapy at the unit of eating disorders at the "Institut national Marcel-Rivière of the MGEN" (hôpital de La Verrière, France) and at the unit of eating disorders of the First Department of Psychiatry of EGINITIO University Psychiatric Hospital in Athens (Greece), were accessed with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL90R), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Version 5...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098047/faculty-and-resident-perspectives-on-ambulatory-care-education-a-collective-case-study-of-family-medicine-psychiatry-and-surgery
#6
Paula Veinot, William Lin, Nicole Woods, Stella Ng
Background: Ambulatory care (AC) experiences within medical education are garnering increasing attention. We sought to understand how faculty and residents' describe their experiences of AC and ambulatory care education (ACEduc) within, between, and across disciplinary contexts. Methods: We designed a Stakian collective case study, applying constructivist grounded theory analytic methods. Using purposive and snowball sampling, we interviewed 17 faculty and residents across three instrumental cases: family medicine, psychiatry, surgery...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093926/psychiatric-services-in-algeria
#7
Zoubir Benmebarek
The paper describes the current provision of psychiatric services in Algeria - in particular, in-patient and out-patient facilities, child psychiatry and human resources. Education, training, associations and research in the field of mental health are also briefly presented. The challenges that must dealt with to improve psychiatric care and to comply with international standards are listed, by way of conclusion.
February 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092807/mobile-phone-use-in-psychiatry-residents-in-the-united-states-multisite-cross-sectional-survey-study
#8
Shih Gipson, John Torous, Robert Boland, Erich Conrad
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology ownership in the general US population and medical professionals is increasing, leading to increased use in clinical settings. However, data on use of mobile technology by psychiatry residents remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this study, our aim was to provide data on how psychiatric residents use mobile phones in their clinical education as well as barriers relating to technology use. METHODS: An anonymous, multisite survey was given to psychiatry residents in 2 regions in the United States, including New Orleans and Boston, to understand their technology use...
November 1, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082768/enhancing-pediatricians-behavioral-health-competencies-through-child-psychiatry-consultation-and-education
#9
Heather J Walter, Gina Kackloudis, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio, Jonas Bromberg, David R DeMaso, Glenn Focht
The objective of this study was to assess feasibility, utilization, perceived value, and targeted behavioral health (BH) treatment self-efficacy associated with a collaborative child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) consultation and BH education program for pediatric primary care practitioners (PCPs). Eighty-one PCPs from 41 member practices of a statewide pediatric practice association affiliated with an academic medical center participated in a program comprising on-demand telephonic CAP consultation supported by an extensive BH learning community...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080050/development-of-a-women-s-mental-health-curriculum-and-evolution-to-a-women-s-mental-health-area-of-concentration-in-a-psychiatry-residency-program
#10
Priya Gopalan, Jody Glance, Robin Valpey, Heather Joseph, Neeta Shenai
In 2014, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office on Women's Health emphasized the importance of women's health education, particularly in the realm of behavioral health. In order to support the professional interests of psychiatry trainees, a women's mental health study group (WMHSG) was developed and implemented. The WMHSG aimed primarily to supplement the resident curriculum and promote consideration of careers in women's mental health. After successful implementation, the curriculum was formalized into a Women's Mental Health Area of Concentration within the Department of Psychiatry's residency training program...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#11
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067838/stigmatization-towards-the-mentally-ill-perceptions-of-psychiatrists-pre-clinical-and-post-clinical-rotation-medical-students
#12
Hendri-Charl Eksteen, Piet J Becker, Gian Lippi
BACKGROUND: Stigma towards the mentally ill is a well-known phenomenon and it is not restricted to certain communities or countries. Stigma, be it self-stigma or public stigma, has a major influence in mental health care. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether stigmatizing attitudes towards the mentally ill differ according to the level of knowledge about psychiatric illnesses and whether the level of exposure towards the mentally ill plays a role in stigmatizing attitudes...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066976/impact-of-pharmacist-psychiatrist-collaborative-patient-education-on-medication-adherence-and-quality-of-life-qol-of-bipolar-affective-disorder-bpad-patients
#13
Ambed Mishra, Gudi S Krishna, Sravani Alla, Tony D Kurian, Justin Kurian, Madhan Ramesh, M Kishor
Background: Bipolar Affective Disorder (BPAD) is one of the leading causes of disability globally. Medication non-adherence and low quality of life (QOL) are the major challenges associated with the treatment of BPAD patients. Objective: Aim of this study was to assess the impact of pharmacist-psychiatrist collaborative patient education on medication adherence and QOL of BPAD patients. Methodology: A prospective randomized control study was conducted in the psychiatry outpatient department in a tertiary care setting...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056610/problem-based-peer-to-peer-global-mental-health-e-learning-between-the-uk-and-somaliland-a-pilot-study
#14
Roberta Murphy, Elliot Clissold, Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: WHO's mental health gap action programme intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) is an evidence-based tool aimed at front-line health workers in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Its potential to improve global mental health education, especially through digital technologies, has been little studied. Problem-based learning (PBL) is usually conducted face-to-face, but its remote application could facilitate cross-cultural education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate PBL, applied to peer-to-peer global mental health e-learning (Aqoon), using mhGAP-IG...
October 22, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046715/mental-health-training-for-primary-health-care-workers-and-implication-for-success-of-integration-of-mental-health-into-primary-care-evaluation-of-effect-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-kap
#15
Getinet Ayano, Dawit Assefa, Kibrom Haile, Asrat Chaka, Kelemua Haile, Melat Solomon, Kalkidan Yohannis, Akilew Awoke, Kemal Jemal
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are always remained a neglected public health problems in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), most people with mental disorders never receive effective care and there is a large treatment gap. In order to solve the problem integration of mental health into primary health care is recommended and in Ethiopia implementation of the scale of mental health services at primary health care level was started in 2014. For the success of the integration of mental health into primary health care, primary care health professionals are the key personnel who are responsible for the management of mental, neurologic and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042875/current-challenges-and-future-opportunities-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-japan
#16
REVIEW
Masaru Tateno, Takahiko Inagaki, Takuya Saito, Anthony P S Guerrero, Norbert Skokauskas
Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034811/mental-illness-stigma-among-medical-students-and-teachers
#17
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022406/our-experience-with-syrian-refugee-patients-at-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-in-gaziantep-turkey
#18
Mehmet Karadag, Cem Gokcen, Funda Dandil, Baran Calisgan
Reporting from Turkey's frontier with the civil war in Syria, we examined the demographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses and treatments for the Syrian refugee patients who have presented to Gaziantep University, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic through 2016 and the first half of 2017 retrospectively, having aimed to understand the special characteristics and needs of this novel patient group. Within a year and a half, we evaluated 51 children and adolescents and 25 (51%) had come from refugee camps, where primary healthcare services are available...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987290/medical-student-experiences-on-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-rotations-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Fremonta Meyer, Omair Abbasi, David Kasick, Kewchang Lee, Christine Pelic, Jennifer Zinser, Thomas Harris, Margo Funk
BACKGROUND: Consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry clerkship rotations may improve medical students' understanding of psychiatric principles relevant to the settings in which they will ultimately practice. This study aimed to characterize students' experiences on C-L rotations. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study, sponsored by the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine Subcommittee on Medical Student Education, was conducted at 5 US medical schools between 2012 and 2016...
August 2, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985876/the-readability-of-psychosocial-wellness-patient-resources-improving-surgical-outcomes
#20
Meredith A Kugar, Adam C Cohen, William Wooden, Sunil S Tholpady, Michael W Chu
BACKGROUND: Patient education is increasingly accessed with online resources and is essential for patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. The average American adult reads at a seventh grade level, and the National Institute of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) recommend that information be written at a sixth-grade reading level. Health literacy plays an important role in the disease course and outcomes of all patients, including those with depression and likely other psychiatric disorders, although this is an area in need of further study...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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