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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424982/finding-common-ground-educating-general-psychiatry-residents-about-forensic-psychiatry
#1
Elizabeth Ford, Susan Gray, Bipin Subedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416810/the-joint-impact-of-cognitive-performance-in-adolescence-and-familial-cognitive-aptitude-on-risk-for-major-psychiatric-disorders-a-delineation-of-four-potential-pathways-to-illness
#2
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, R S E Keefe, K Sundquist, J Sundquist
How do joint measures of premorbid cognitive ability and familial cognitive aptitude (FCA) reflect risk for a diversity of psychiatric and substance use disorders? To address this question, we examined, using Cox models, the predictive effects of school achievement (SA) measured at age 16 and FCA-assessed from SA in siblings and cousins, and educational attainment in parents-on risk for 12 major psychiatric syndromes in 1 140 608 Swedes born 1972-1990. Four developmental patterns emerged. In the first, risk was predicted jointly by low levels of SA and high levels of FCA-that is a level of SA lower than would be predicted from the FCA...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413441/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-ugandan-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Joan Wamulugwa, Angelina Kakooza, Sabrina Bakeera Kitaka, Joyce Nalugya, Mark Kaddumukasa, Shirley Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Elly Katabira
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder among the children. The burden of ADHD or its associated factors in Uganda are not known. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of ADHD among children attending the neurology and psychiatry clinics at Mulago National Referral Hospital. METHODS: Using the disruptive behavior scale (45 items), we investigated the presence of ADHD symptoms among children attending Mulago Hospital...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411504/severe-insomnia-is-associated-with-hypertriglyceridemia-in-women-with-major-depression-treated-in-psychiatry-settings
#4
Jean-François Costemale-Lacoste, Séverine Trabado, Céline Verstuyft, Khalil El Asmar, Florence Butlen-Ducuing, Romain Colle, Florian Ferreri, Mircea Polosan, Emmanuel Haffen, Beverley Balkau, Bruno Falissard, Bruno Feve, Laurent Becquemont, Emmanuelle Corruble
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a cardiovascular risk factor. In the general population, elevated fasting triglyceridemia (TG) is associated with insomnia. Since insomnia is a core symptom of Major Depressive Episodes (MDE), we studied the association of severe insomnia with HTG in major depression. METHODS: We used the baseline data of the METADAP cohort, comprising 624 patients with a current MDE in a context of Major Depressive Disorder treated in psychiatry settings, without current alcohol use disorders...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406264/persistent-low-rates-of-treatment-of-metabolic-risk-factors-in-people-with-psychotic-disorders-a-phamous-study
#5
Jojanneke Bruins, Gerdina H M Pijnenborg, Edwin R van den Heuvel, Ellen Visser, Eva Corpeleijn, Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Richard Bruggeman, Frederike Jörg
OBJECTIVE: People with psychotic disorders have an increased metabolic risk and a shortened life expectancy compared to the general population. Two large studies showed that metabolic disorders were untreated in a majority of the patients. Since then, guidelines have urged monitoring of metabolic health. This study examined the course of metabolic disorders over time in people with psychotic disorders and investigated current treatment rates. METHODS: A total of 1,259 patients with psychotic disorders, as defined by the DSM-IV, from 4 Dutch mental health institutions participated in 3 yearly assessments of the Pharmacotherapy Monitoring and Outcome Survey (PHAMOUS) between 2006 and 2014...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403503/-psychiatry-in-east-germany-gdr-between-awakening-and-stagnation-the-brandenburg-proposition-to-the-therapeutic-community-1974-76
#6
Ekkehardt Kumbier, Kathleen Haack
Inspired by the concept of the English psychiatrist Maxwell Jones, the Brandenburg proposition or thesis towards the "Therapeutic Community" was formulated in 1974. Its objective was to transform the therapeutic environment in psychiatric hospitals of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Based on sources from the Federal Archive in Berlin and for the first time from the Historical Archive of the Asklepios Hospital in Brandenburg, the motivation, implementation and effect of the so-called Brandenburg proposition will be analysed within its socio-political context...
April 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395249/opioid-users-with-comorbid-hepatitis-c-spent-more-time-in-agonist-therapy-a-6-year-observational-study-in-taiwan
#7
Horng-Maw Chen, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Kun-Chia Chang, Kuan-Ying Lee, Ching-Ming Cheng
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among opioid agonist therapy (OAT) patients, but little is known about long-term OAT use among this population. METHODS: Subjects diagnosed as opioid dependence were recruited from Mar. 2006 to Jul. 2008 in a psychiatry center in southern Taiwan with the OAT censored in 2012, and their socio-demographics, drug use characteristics, and markers of blood-borne infection were assessed at entry. Correlates with HCV infection and OAT retention were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373800/the-effects-of-occupational-therapy-and-psychosocial-interventions-on-interpersonal-functioning-and-personal-and-social-performance-levels-of-corresponding-patients
#8
Soner Çakmak, Hüzün Süt, Sibel Öztürk, Lut Tamam, Ufuk Bal
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of occupational therapy and psychosocial interventions on the interpersonal functioning and individual and social performance levels of corresponding patients under the heading of psychosocial treatment approaches in psychiatry clinics as well as the attitudes of the patients in regard to those interventions. METHODS: In 2013, out of psychotic (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder/mania) and nonpsychotic (depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, alcohol dependence) inpatients in our clinic, 48 patients who participated in occupational activities were included in the study group and 43 patients who did not participate in these activities were included in the control group...
September 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367993/perceived-dangerousness-as-related-to-psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychiatric-service-use-a-vignette-based-representative-population-survey
#9
Julia F Sowislo, Franca Gonet-Wirz, Stefan Borgwardt, Undine E Lang, Christian G Huber
Perceptions of dangerousness are an influential component of mental health stigma and can be driven by the display of psychiatric symptoms and the use of psychiatric service institutions. Yet, no previous study compared symptoms and service use associated perceptions of dangerousness. Therefore, we conducted a representative survey (N = 2,207) in the canton of Basel-Stadt, Switzerland. Participants were asked to answer the perceived dangerousness scale with respect to a vignette that either depicted psychiatric symptoms of a fictitious character or a psychiatric service institution the fictitious character had been admitted to...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365002/national-survey-on-pediatric-acute-agitation-and-behavioral-escalation-in-academic-inpatient-pediatric-care-settings
#10
Nasuh Malas, Linden Spital, Jason Fischer, Yu Kawai, David Cruz, Patricia Keefer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric acute agitation and behavioral escalation (PAABE) is common and disruptive to pediatric inpatient health care. There is a paucity of literature on PAABE in noncritical care inpatient pediatric care settings with little consensus on its evaluation and management. METHODS: In January 2016, a 34-question survey was e-mailed to pediatric hospitalists and consultation-liaison psychiatrists through their respective professional listservs. Excluded responses included incomplete surveys, and surveys from providers in community care settings...
January 27, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361166/-the-first-mental-health-act-in-china-2013-an%C3%A2-historical-step-towards-human-rights
#11
X Zhao
In the past, the mentally ill used to be relentlessly stigmatized and their basic needs grossly neglected in China. Only the coastal cities with their Western oriented universities provided Western type mental healthcare. In general, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) embracing medicinal herbs and acupuncture was practiced. Mental hospitals were non-existent before 1889 and care of the chronically mentally ill rested with their families and the community; however, the prevalence and spectrum of mental disorders were similar to those in Western countries...
March 30, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360781/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-major-depressive-disorder-and-bereavement-symptoms-in-elderly-patients-who-present-either-to-psychiatry-or-family-medicine
#12
İbrahim Taymur, Kadir Özdel, Cenk Aypak, Veli Duyan, Özlem Türedi, Buket Belkız Güngör, Yavuz Selvi
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the level of bereavement and depression symptoms among elderly patients who experience the loss of a significant other and the relationship between depressive symptoms and bereavement symptoms. METHODS: The study sample consisted of elderly adults who lost a significant other at least 6 months prior to the submission time. Participants were recruited from patients who presented to either the psychiatry or family medicine outpatient unit of a Training and Research Hospital...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348385/depression-telomeres-and-mitochondrial-dna-between-and-within-person-associations-from-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#13
J E Verhoeven, D Révész, M Picard, E E Epel, O M Wolkowitz, K A Matthews, B W J H Penninx, E Puterman
Alterations in cellular aging, indexed by leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn), might partly account for the increased health risks in persons with depression. Although some studies indeed found cross-sectional associations of depression with LTL and mtDNAcn, the longitudinal associations remain unclear. This 10-year longitudinal study examined between- and within-person associations of depressive symptoms with LTL and mtDNAcn in a large community sample. Data are from years 15, 20 and 25 follow-up evaluations in 977 subjects from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study...
March 28, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344716/an-examination-of-entrance-criteria-for-international-medical-graduates-imgs-into-canadian-psychiatry-residency-programs
#14
Ashok Soma, Mathew Myatt, Mario McKenna, Soma Ganesa, Ka Wai Leung
BACKGROUND: Although international medical graduates (IMGs) are essential in health care service delivery, a gap exists in the literature about how IMGs are selected into psychiatry residency programs in Canada. The purpose of this study was to identify the relative weight or importance that Canadian program directors (PDs) of psychiatry place on certain selection criteria when matching IMGs into residency programs. METHODS: We electronically distributed a web-based questionnaire to 16 university residency program directors of psychiatry in Canada...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337648/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood
#15
REVIEW
Melanie Masoud, Lyndsey Prange, Jeffrey Wuchich, Arsen Hunanyan, Mohamad A Mikati
The diagnosis and treatment of patients with Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) and related disorders should be provided by a multidisciplinary team experienced with the spectrum of presentations of this disease, with its related disorders, with its complex and fluctuating manifestations, and with cutting edge advances occurring in the field. Involvement in research to advance the understanding of this disease and partnership with international collaborators and family organizations are also important...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334565/year-end-resident-clinic-handoffs-narrative-review-and-recommendations-for-improvement
#16
Amber T Pincavage, Michael J Donnelly, John Q Young, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: Year-end clinic handoffs in resident continuity clinics are an important patient safety issue. METHODS: Intervention articles addressing the year-end resident clinic handoff were identified in a targeted literature search. These articles were reviewed and abstracted to summarize the current literature. On the basis of these reviews and consensus expert opinion, recommendations to improve year-end clinic handoffs were developed. RESULTS: Of 23 identified articles, 10 intervention articles in the fields of internal medicine, internal medicine-pediatrics, psychiatry, and family medicine were ultimately included...
February 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314546/liaison-psychiatry-professionals-views-of-general-hospital-care-for-patients-with-mental-illness-the-care-of-patients-with-mental-illness-in-the-general-hospital-setting
#17
J Noblett, A Caffrey, T Deb, A Khan, E Lagunes-Cordoba, O Gale-Grant, C Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Explore the experiences of liaison psychiatry professionals, to gain a greater understanding of the quality of care patients with mental illness receive in the general hospital setting; the factors that affect the quality of care; and their insights on interventions that could improve care. METHODS: A survey questionnaire and qualitative in depth interviews were used to collect data. Data collection took place at the Royal College of Psychiatrists Faculty of Liaison Psychiatry Annual conference...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299858/psychoeducation-for-bipolar-disorder-a-discourse-analysis
#18
Lynere Wilson, Marie Crowe, Anne Scott, Cameron Lacey
Psychoeducation has become a common intervention within mental health settings. It aims to increase people's ability to manage a life with a long-term illness. For people with bipolar disorder, psychoeducation is one of a range of psychosocial interventions now considered part of contemporary mental health practice. It has taken on a 'common sense' status that results in little critique of psychoeducation practices. Using a published manual on psychoeducation and bipolar disorder as its data, Foucauldian discourse analysis was used in the present study for a critical perspective on psychoeducation in order to explore the taken-for-granted assumptions on which it is based...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297075/decrease-in-statewide-antipsychotic-prescribing-after-implementation-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-consultation-services
#19
Rebecca P Barclay, Robert B Penfold, Donna Sullivan, Lauren Boydston, Julia Wignall, Robert J Hilt
OBJECTIVE: To learn if a quality of care Medicaid child psychiatric consultation service implemented in three different steps was linked to changes in statewide child antipsychotic utilization. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Washington State child psychiatry consultation program primary data and Medicaid pharmacy division antipsychotic utilization secondary data from July 1, 2006, through December 31, 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study in which consult program data were analyzed with a time series analysis of statewide antipsychotic utilization...
April 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291691/explanatory-model-of-illness-of-the-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-the-role-of-educational-intervention
#20
Naila Riaz Awan, Syeda Farhana Jehangir, Muhammad Irfan, Farooq Naeem, Saeed Farooq
This randomized controlled trial was conducted at Department of Psychiatry, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar from February to August 2015 to explore beliefs and concepts of patients with schizophrenia about their illness and to find out the effectiveness of structured educational intervention in changing the explanatory models of illness of the patients and in their symptoms reduction. One hundred and three patients were recruited in the trial who were randomly assigned to two groups i.e., Experimental (n=53) and Control i...
March 10, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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