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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093938/capacity-and-consent
#1
Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart, Mary Chiarella
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare practitioners have a legal, ethical and professional obligation to obtain patient consent for all healthcare treatments. There is increasing evidence which suggests dissonance and variation in practice in assessment of decision-making capacity and consent processes. AIMS: This study explores healthcare practitioners' knowledge and practices of assessing decision-making capacity and obtaining patient consent to treatment in the acute generalist setting...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093568/gwas-meta-analysis-reveals-novel-loci-and-genetic-correlates-for-general-cognitive-function-a-report-from-the-cogent-consortium
#2
J W Trampush, M L Z Yang, J Yu, E Knowles, G Davies, D C Liewald, J M Starr, S Djurovic, I Melle, K Sundet, A Christoforou, I Reinvang, P DeRosse, A J Lundervold, V M Steen, T Espeseth, K Räikkönen, E Widen, A Palotie, J G Eriksson, I Giegling, B Konte, P Roussos, S Giakoumaki, K E Burdick, A Payton, W Ollier, M Horan, O Chiba-Falek, D K Attix, A C Need, E T Cirulli, A N Voineskos, N C Stefanis, D Avramopoulos, A Hatzimanolis, D E Arking, N Smyrnis, R M Bilder, N A Freimer, T D Cannon, E London, R A Poldrack, F W Sabb, E Congdon, E D Conley, M A Scult, D Dickinson, R E Straub, G Donohoe, D Morris, A Corvin, M Gill, A R Hariri, D R Weinberger, N Pendleton, P Bitsios, D Rujescu, J Lahti, S Le Hellard, M C Keller, O A Andreassen, I J Deary, D C Glahn, A K Malhotra, T Lencz
The complex nature of human cognition has resulted in cognitive genomics lagging behind many other fields in terms of gene discovery using genome-wide association study (GWAS) methods. In an attempt to overcome these barriers, the current study utilized GWAS meta-analysis to examine the association of common genetic variation (~8M single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) with minor allele frequency ⩾1%) to general cognitive function in a sample of 35 298 healthy individuals of European ancestry across 24 cohorts in the Cognitive Genomics Consortium (COGENT)...
January 17, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051841/a-review-of-a-national-training-initiative-to-increase-provider-use-of-mat-to-address-the-opioid-epidemic
#3
REVIEW
Frances R Levin, Adam Bisaga, Maria A Sullivan, Arthur Robin Williams, Kathryn Cates-Wessel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Providers' Clinical Support System for Medication Assisted Treatment (PCSS-MAT) initiative focuses on training and mentoring health professionals in the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) using pharmacological strategies. Led by the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP), PCSS-MAT is a consortium representing four of the five national professional organizations authorized by DATA 2,000-AAAP, American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine, American Psychiatric Association, and American Society of Addiction Medicine...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051218/parental-satisfaction-of-an-assessment-unit-for-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#4
Arwa Ben Amor, Soumeyya Halayem, Maissa Touati, Ahlem Belhadj, Riadh Gouider, Ridha Mrad, Asma Bouden
Background - Based on the recognized principles of assessment of autistic disorders, the child and adolescent psychiatry department in Razi Hospital developed an assessment unit with diagnostic as well as therapeutic roles. The aim of this work was to examine its functioning and to analyze the parents' perceptions about the unit services. Methods - We gathered the parental satisfaction about the unit by the means of a hetero-questionnaire. Results - Fifty-two parents of children evaluated within the unit were included...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031587/short-term-cost-of-suicides-in-india
#5
Gopala Sarma Poduri
BACKGROUND: India is experiencing increasing suicides that have much economic impact. OBJECTIVE: To calculate the short-term costs of suicide in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the official data of suicides in India in 2014 formed the base of computation. Both direct and indirect costs were computed basing on market rates and official estimates. Perceived gains were deducted to arrive at the total cost. RESULTS: The contribution of middle age group in the loss was high...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018534/does-psychological-safety-impact-the-clinical-learning-environment-for-resident-physicians-results-from-the-va-s-learners-perceptions-survey
#6
Karina D Torralba, Lawrence K Loo, John M Byrne, Samuel Baz, Grant W Cannon, Sheri A Keitz, Annie B Wicker, Steven S Henley, T Michael Kashner
BACKGROUND : Psychological safety (PS) is the perception that it is safe to take interpersonal risks in the work environment. In teaching hospitals, PS may influence the clinical learning environment for trainees. OBJECTIVE : We assessed whether resident physicians believe they are psychologically safe, and if PS is associated with how they rate satisfaction with their clinical learning experience. METHODS : Data were extracted from the Learners' Perceptions Survey (LPS) of residents who rotated through a Department of Veterans Affairs health care facility for academic years 2011-2014...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018248/clinical-relevance-of-informal-coercion-in-psychiatric-treatment-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Florian Hotzy, Matthias Jaeger
INTRODUCTION: Although informal coercion is frequently applied in psychiatry, its use is discussed controversially. This systematic review aimed to summarize literature on attitudes toward informal coercion, its prevalence, and clinical effects. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, PsycINF, and Google Scholar was conducted. Publications were included if they reported original data describing patients' and clinicians' attitudes toward and prevalence rates or clinical effects of informal coercion...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003385/evidence-for-greater-forensic-education-of-all-psychiatry-residents
#8
Howard L Forman, David W Preven
Booth and his colleagues have made an important contribution to the emerging evidence base that shows education in forensic psychiatry topics can improve attitudes toward the field. Given the desinstitutionalization of those with severe mental illness from state psychiatric facilities and the incarceration of many individuals with severe mental illness in correctional facilities, the need to train many more psychiatrists with competence in correctional settings is clear. Simply training more forensic psychiatrists will not both meet the psychiatric needs of incarcerated patients and fulfill the essential roles forensic psychiatrists play in the justice system...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003384/shaping-attitudes-of-psychiatry-residents-toward-forensic-patients
#9
Brad D Booth, Eric Mikhail, Susan Curry, J Paul Fedoroff
With increasing criminalization of the mentally ill, individuals with mental disorders more frequently come into contact with the legal system. Psychiatrists may find themselves evaluating these individuals in a forensic context or treating them. Unfortunately, resident trainees and psychiatrists may be uncomfortable with forensic matters and treating patients with medicolegal problems. To clarify the attitudes and experience of Canadian psychiatry trainees, attendees at a national psychiatry review course were polled...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995539/use-of-electronic-resources-for-psychiatry-clerkship-learning-a-medical-student-survey
#10
Caitlin E Snow, John Torous, Janna S Gordon-Elliott, Julie B Penzner, Fermonta Meyer, Robert Boland
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to examine medical students' use patterns, preferences, and perceptions of electronic educational resources available for psychiatry clerkship learning. METHODS: Eligible participants included medical students who had completed the psychiatry clerkship during a 24-month period. An internet-based questionnaire was used to collect information regarding the outcomes described above. RESULTS: A total of 68 medical students responded to the survey...
December 19, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987413/intervention-recommendations-and-subsequent-access-to-services-following-clinical-assessment-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#11
Jacqueline Pei, Lauren Baugh, Gail Andrew, Carmen Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) experience multiple difficulties requiring various interventions. Researchers have called for investigation into service use with respect to clinically recommended interventions. AIMS: To examine intervention recommendations for children with FASD/PAE and subsequent access to these recommended interventions. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Intervention recommendations following FASD assessment were examined for children (1-17 years)...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976783/-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-older-adults-a-study-by-experts
#12
B Hitzert, R Schmidt, H M Geurts, S P J van Alphen
Empirical research into the diagnostics and treatment of older adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is very limited; so far, only 17 studies have been published. ASD, however, is not confined to child and adult psychiatry. Increasingly, ASD is being identified and treated within the domain of geriatric psychiatry.<br/> AIM: To investigate diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of ASD in older adults, and to obtain insight into how these aspects are related to ageing.<br/> METHOD: Delphi techniques were employed via rounds of questionnaires put to experts; consensus was considered to have been achieved when a minimum of two-thirds of the experts 'agreed' or 'fully agreed' to a statement on a five-point scale...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966101/measuring-perceived-educational-impact-of-a-resident-led-research-newsletter
#13
Awais Aftab, Jeanne Lackamp, Cathleen Cerny
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perceived educational impact of a resident-led psychiatry research newsletter ('Research Watch') on the psychiatry residents at the authors' residency program. METHODS: An anonymous, voluntary paper questionnaire was distributed to all psychiatry residents at the program. The survey inquired about the degree of exposure (quantified as 'exposure index') and contribution to the newsletter. A set of questions asked residents to estimate how much of the improvement they attributed to the influence of the newsletter, rating the attribution between 0 and 100%, in the areas of interest in scholarly activities/research, knowledge of current psychiatric research, and participation in scholarly activities/research...
December 13, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965330/approach-to-risk-identification-in-undifferentiated-mental-disorders
#14
REVIEW
José Silveira, Patricia Rockman, Casey Fulford, Jon Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To provide primary care physicians with a novel approach to risk identification and related clinical decision making in the management of undifferentiated mental disorders. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: We conducted a review of the literature in PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar using the search terms diagnostic uncertainty, diagnosis, risk identification, risk assessment/methods, risk, risk factors, risk management/methods, cognitive biases and psychiatry, decision making, mental disorders/diagnosis, clinical competence, evidence-based medicine, interviews as topic, psychiatry/education, psychiatry/methods, documentation/methods, forensic psychiatry/education, forensic psychiatry/methods, mental disorders/classification, mental disorders/psychology, violence/prevention and control, and violence/psychology...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936259/-reconstructing-a-scholarly-network-from-the-bonneval-hospital-collections-relationships-and-misconceptions-derived-from-historical-archives
#15
Emmanuel Delille
The French psychiatric hospital Henri Ey in Bonneval (Eure-et-Loir, Central France) is known in the history of psychiatry for a series of conferences, which brought together several key figures in the mental health field in the 1940s. The conference sessions have been published in two major volumes: Le Problème de la psychogenèse des névroses et des psychoses (The Problem of the Psychogenesis of Neuroses and Psychoses, 1950), and L'Inconscient (The Unconscious, 1966). The proceedings consist of theoretical essays and minutes of the intellectual discussions between French psychiatrists, neurologists, psychologists, psychoanalysts and philosophers...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935906/cognitive-dysfunctions-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kathmandu
#16
S Adhikari, M Rana, S Shakya, S P Ojha
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol dependence is a chronic disorder, accompanied by neuropsychological deficits. Patients with alcohol dependence were evaluated to identify the cognitive dysfunctions. METHODS: The study followed descriptive design and recruited participants (N=62) from inpatient services of the Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health by convenient sampling. Participants were evaluated with the Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire, Frontal Assessment Battery and PGI Memory Scale for the severity of alcohol dependence, executive impairments and memory dysfunctions respectively once they had completed alcohol detoxification...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928767/resident-workflow-and-psychiatric-emergency-consultation-identifying-factors-for-quality-improvement-in-a-training-environment
#17
Thomas Blair, Zev Wiener, Ariel Seroussi, Lingqi Tang, Jennifer O'Hora, Erick Cheung
OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement to optimize workflow has the potential to mitigate resident burnout and enhance patient care. This study applied mixed methods to identify factors that enhance or impede workflow for residents performing emergency psychiatric consultations. METHODS: The study population consisted of all psychiatry program residents (55 eligible, 42 participating) at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles...
December 7, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925606/increasing-awareness-and-acceptance-through-mindfulness-and-somatic-education-movements
#18
Paulo Vicente Bloise, Mário César Rezende Andrade, Hans Machado, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli
Context • The main feature of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) is the encouragement of present moment awareness and of self-regulation, which are associated with health benefits. Meditating with the body in movement has been referred to as one of the most accessible ways of reaching such awareness. An MBI program, Mindfulness and Movements of Integration (MMI), has the same structure as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) but puts more emphasis on the body and uses somatic education (SE) movements instead of yoga postures...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917794/facial-emotion-recognition-ability-psychiatry-nurses-versus-nurses-from-other-departments
#19
Gozde Gultekin, Zeliha Kincir, Merve Kurt, Yasir Catal, Asli Acil, Aybike Aydin, Mualla Özcan, Busra N Delikkaya, Selma Kacar, Murat Emul
PURPOSE: Facial emotion recognition is a basic element in non-verbal communication. Although some researchers have shown that recognizing facial expressions may be important in the interaction between doctors and patients, there are no studies concerning facial emotion recognition in nurses. Here, we aimed to investigate facial emotion recognition ability in nurses and compare the abilities between nurses from psychiatry and other departments. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, sixty seven nurses were divided into two groups according to their departments: psychiatry (n=31); and, other departments (n=36)...
1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#20
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
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