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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148826/engagement-in-the-overdose-risk-information-orion-e-health-tool-for-opioid-overdose-prevention-and-self-efficacy-a-preliminary-study
#1
Giuseppe Carrà, Cristina Crocamo, Gerald Humphris, Tommaso Tabacchi, Francesco Bartoli, Julia Neufeind, Norbert Scherbaum, Alexander Baldacchino
Increasing awareness of, and information about, overdose risk is an appropriate approach in risk reduction. e-Health technology in substance use disorders is an opportunity to support behavioral changes related to public health concerns. The present study aimed to evaluate the short-term impact of an innovative e-health psychoeducational software, the Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) tool. The ORION programme provided relevant information to opioid-dependent individuals about the risk of suffering a drug overdose as a result of high risky and dysfunctional behaviors...
November 17, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146140/patient-experiences-of-dietary-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-focus-group-study
#2
Jaimon T Kelly, Katrina L Campbell, Tammy Hoffmann, Dianne P Reidlinger
OBJECTIVE: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) contend with complex dietary recommendations. The challenge in practice is for clinicians to provide individualized support with the frequency and consistency required to sustain dietary changes. This study aimed to describe the experiences of patients with managing dietary recommendations, including their perspectives on the potential to use telehealth to support dietary management in CKD. DESIGN: Focus group study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144960/cervical-cancer-screening-experiences-among-chinese-american-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states
#3
Jin Young Seo, Junxin Li, Kun Li
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences and perceptions of having cervical cancer screening tests and to explore the extant barriers to having the tests among first-generation Chinese American women in the United States. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological research. SETTING: Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: Snowball and purposive sampling of 12 Chinese American immigrant women ages 20 to 65 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143628/do-the-status-and-empowerment-of-mothers-predict-their-daughters-reproductive-outcomes
#4
Jessica D Gipson, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Despite increased recognition of the important influences of women's status and empowerment on social and health outcomes for women and their families, there are few investigations that examine the extent to which any gains in women's empowerment may be transmitted intergenerationally, that is, between mothers and their daughters. METHODS: This study seeks to address this gap by using data from a unique, longitudinal, and intergenerational dataset from Cebu, Philippines (1994-2009), to examine potential influences of the status of mothers on subsequent reproductive health outcomes among their daughters...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140619/-i-would-go-if-my-arm-were-hanging-off-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-seeking-behaviors-of-small-farm-owners-in-central-new-york-state
#5
David J Droullard, Pamela J Tinc, Julie A Sorensen
Compared to their rural non-farming peers, farmers are less likely to access preventive healthcare services; however, the reasons for this disparity are poorly understood. We conducted semi-structured interviews with a total of 30 farm household members in central New York. Interview topics included farming identity, perceptions of one's health, past experiences with acute and preventive healthcare, and attitudes toward seeking healthcare services. Grounded Theory analysis of the interview transcripts revealed that (1) utilizing healthcare services is felt to be in conflict with the farming identity, (2) the need to conserve time and money for farm applications poses a barrier to healthcare utilization, (3) farmers decide to seek healthcare when they believe it is necessary to ensure survival of the farm, and (4) the decision to seek healthcare is most strongly driven by the presence of intolerable symptoms, prompting from others, and the perception that treatment will yield clear benefits...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140593/nursing-perception-of-risk-in-common-nursing-practice-situations
#6
Pamela Trevino, Angela Green, Donna Middaugh, Seonghum Heo, Claudia Beverly, Jayant Deshpande
As health care organizations seek to be highly reliable, systems that include layers of redundancy have been created to protect patients from harm. Many of these layers of protection are dependent on nurses making a decision to follow or adhere to the human aspects of the process. Because these decisions begin with a perception and identification of risk, understanding what nurses perceive to be a risk to patients is an essential part of designing safer health care systems. The purposes of this qualitative study were to (1) describe what nurses perceive as risky to patients in common nursing practice situations, (2) describe the effects of the perceptions of risk on clinical decision making and behavior, and (3) identify what factors nurses perceive as increasing or decreasing risk...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136476/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-program-focusing-on-diet-and-health-habits-taught-through-physical-exercise
#7
Ana Pablos, Vicente Nebot, Vicente Vañó-Vicent, Diego Ceca, Laura Elvira
The global rate of obesity in childhood is becoming an epidemic and many authors have established a significant association between childhood obesity and overweight in adulthood. It is therefore necessary to seek effective strategies to reduce these levels of obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Habits Program (HHP). The participants were 158 children from the 5th and 6th grades (Intervention Group [IG] n=82, Control Group [CG] n=76). The HHP is a school-based physical activity program focusing on promoting a healthy lifestyle...
November 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135949/prevalence-of-mental-health-problems-and-associated-risk-factors-among-rural-to-urban-migrant-children-in-guangzhou-china
#8
Jun Wang, Ke Liu, Jing Zheng, Jiali Liu, Liming You
Rural-to-urban migration, which has achieved a huge scale during China's economic reform, is a potential risk factor for the mental health of migrant children. To test this hypothesis, this study assessed the mental health status of rural-to-urban migrant children. Guided by Andersen's behavioral model, the study explored the risk factors associated with mental health. The study recruited 1182 fifth/sixth-grade children from four private and four public primary schools in Guangzhou in 2014 in a descriptive cross-sectional design...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135276/effects-of-the-new-york-state-concussion-management-and-awareness-act-lystedt-law-on-concussion-related-emergency-health-care-utilization-among-adolescents-2005-2015
#9
David R Baker, Erin R Kulick, Amelia K Boehme, James M Noble
BACKGROUND: All states have enacted legislation addressing the management of sports-related concussions (SRCs) in adolescent athletes. The effect of these laws on health care utilization is uncertain. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate the effects of New York's 2011 Concussion Management and Awareness Act ("Lystedt Law") on emergency department (ED) concussion health care visits (EDCHVs) and brain imaging utilization. It was hypothesized that New York concussion legislation would have a significant temporal effect on EDCHVs...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132329/determinants-of-patterns-of-maternal-and-child-health-service-utilization-in-a-rural-community-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#10
C C Agunwa, I E Obi, A C Ndu, I B Omotowo, C A Idoko, A K Umeobieri, E C Aniwada
BACKGROUND: Women and children constitute a large proportion of any population. They are the most vulnerable to morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. In many situations the problem of poor maternal and child health stems from the poor use of available services even when they are not of optimum quality. This study seeks to describe the patterns of utilization of Maternal and Child health (MCH) services in a rural area of Enugu State, and identify factors that are associated with and responsible for determining them...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130440/development-and-pilot-evaluation-of-a-novel-theory-based-intervention-to-encourage-help-seeking-for-adult-hearing-loss
#11
Gabrielle H Saunders, Melissa T Frederick, ShienPei C Silverman, Claus Nielsen, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Health behavior theories can provide an understanding of hearing health behaviors and, more importantly, can be used to develop theoretically based strategies to change these health behaviors. PURPOSE: To develop a theory-based brief intervention to increase help-seeking for adult hearing loss and to conduct a pilot study to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, and impact on hearing beliefs and behaviors. RESEARCH DESIGN: An intervention was designed that could be easily administered by a health-care provider who does not have expertise in audiology-such as a primary care physician, community nurse, or social worker...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129108/promoting-mental-health-resource-use-on-campus-by-trying-something-new
#12
Sara Champlin, Gwendelyn Nisbett
PURPOSE: To design and test a persuasive health promotion campaign that aligns with the qualities of trying something new for the first time. Given that a majority of students have not previously sought/considered professional mental health assistance before, the hypothesis tested in this study asked whether a campaign that takes this into account is effective with this audience. DESIGN: Participants viewed an online informational message (n = 84), information message plus first-time experience banner (n = 99), or 1 of 4 full campaigns, each depicting a student story and photo about a first-time experience (moving from home [n = 48], skydiving [n = 52], acting in a play [n = 48], and exercising with personal trainer [n = 48])...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128777/a-systematic-review-of-heart-failure-dyadic-self-care-interventions-focusing-on-intervention-components-contexts-and-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Harleah G Buck, Anna Stromberg, Misook L Chung, Kristine A Donovan, Karen Harkness, Allison M Howard, Naoko Kato, Randall Polo, Lorraine S Evangelista
BACKGROUND: Having support from an informal carer is important for heart failure patients. Carers have the potential to improve patient self-care. At the same time, it should be acknowledged that caregiving could affect the carer negatively and cause emotional reactions of burden and stress. Dyadic (patient and informal carer) heart failure self-care interventions seek to improve patient self-care such as adherence to medical treatment, exercise training, symptom monitoring and symptom management when needed...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124625/maternal-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-in-a-nomadic-tibetan-population
#14
Corrina Moucheraud, Lhusham Gyal, Kunchok Gyaltsen, Lumo Tsering, Subasri Narasimhan, Jessica Gipson
Introduction Despite significant global improvements in maternal health, large disparities persist. In China, rural women and women who live in western regions experience lower rates of maternal healthcare utilization and higher rates of maternal mortality than women elsewhere in the country. This paper examines maternal health care-seeking among nomadic Tibetan women in rural western China, a particularly understudied group. Methods Secondary data analysis was conducted with survey data collected in 2014 in Qinghai Province, China...
November 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124416/prevalence-and-correlates-of-health-information-seeking-among-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-childhood-cancer-survivors
#15
Kimberly A Miller, Cynthia N Ramirez, Katherine Y Wojcik, Anamara Ritt-Olson, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Stefanie M Thomas, David R Freyer, Ann S Hamilton, Joel E Milam
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) report high unmet information needs. This study examined the prevalence of cancer-related information-seeking among CCS and investigated associations between information-seeking behavior and positive health outcomes such as follow-up care. METHODS: Participants (n = 193) were young adult CCS diagnosed with cancer in Los Angeles County, 54% of Hispanic ethnicity, with a mean age of 19.87, in remission, and at least 2 years from completion of treatment...
November 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120208/university-students-perceived-need-for-mental-health-services-a-study-of-variables-related-to-not-seeking-help
#16
Sara Nash, Meggen Sixbey, Sunghee An, Ana Puig
This study analyzed data from the 2012 Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) survey, collected from undergraduate students at 9 universities. Researchers explored how demographic and behavioral variables related to avoidance of psychological help when needed. A total of 7,992 SERU participants responded to target items included in the present study. We examined whether student characteristics and behaviors differed between 3 self-report groups: (1) students who indicated they did not need counseling services; (2) students who reported needing counseling services, but not using them; and (3) students who reported using counseling services at least once during the 2012 academic year...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116944/making-sense-of-turmoil-how-women-reconcile-their-emotional-response-to-discovery-of-a-potential-breast-cancer-symptom
#17
Máirín O'Mahony, Josephine Hegarty, Vivien M Rooney
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer continues to be a major public health problem for women. Early detection and treatment are key to improved outcomes. Whereas most women seek help promptly, some postpone seeking help for self-discovered breast symptoms. Investigation of women's help-seeking behavior and the associated influencing factors on self-discovery of a breast symptom were sought. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to report the qualitative data from women who had self-discovered a breast symptom...
November 7, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110873/predictors-of-healthcare-seeking-delays-among-children-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-nepal
#18
Drake G LeBrun, Divya Talwar, Tuyetnhi A Pham, Bibek Banskota, David A Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Healthcare seeking behaviors among children with musculoskeletal disorders are poorly understood. We sought to analyze healthcare seeking delays among children with chronic musculoskeletal conditions in Nepal and identify predictors of clinically significant delays. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a large pediatric musculoskeletal rehabilitation center in Nepal. Baseline sociodemographic data and healthcare seeking behaviors were assessed via interviews with 75 randomly selected caregivers...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110095/gender-dysphoria-in-the-military
#19
REVIEW
Shannon Ford, Carla Schnitzlein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the announcement that members of the military who identify as transgender are allowed to serve openly, the need for Department of Defense behavioral health providers to be comfortable in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of this population becomes quickly evident. This population has been seeking care in the community and standards have been developed to help guide decision-making, but a comparable document does not exist for the military population. RECENT FINDINGS: Previously published papers were written in anticipation of the policy allowing for open service...
November 7, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109071/health-information-seeking-patterns-of-the-general-public-and-indications-for-disease-surveillance-register-based-study-using-lyme-disease
#20
Samuli Pesälä, Mikko J Virtanen, Jussi Sane, Pekka Mustonen, Minna Kaila, Otto Helve
BACKGROUND: People using the Internet to find information on health issues, such as specific diseases, usually start their search from a general search engine, for example, Google. Internet searches such as these may yield results and data of questionable quality and reliability. Health Library is a free-of-charge medical portal on the Internet providing medical information for the general public. Physician's Databases, an Internet evidence-based medicine source, provides medical information for health care professionals (HCPs) to support their clinical practice...
November 6, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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