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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819761/effect-of-health-literacy-on-help-seeking-behavior-in-morbidly-obese-patients-agreeing-to-bariatric-surgery
#1
Haci Murat Cayci, Umut Eren Erdogdu, Hakan Demirci, Aykut Ardic, Nevruz Yildirim Topak, İbrahim Taymur
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of health literacy on agreement for bariatric surgery among morbidly obese patients. METHODS: The data of 242 morbidly obese patients (body mass index-BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) were evaluated in a cross-sectional case-control pattern. The patients were classified into two groups as those who were attending the clinic for the purpose of receiving bariatric surgery (n = 138) and those who did not (n = 104). The Turkish version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47), consisting of 47 questions, was used for the health literacy evaluation...
August 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818817/insights-from-flutracking-thirteen-tips-to-growing-a-web-based-participatory-surveillance-system
#2
Craig Dalton, Sandra Carlson, Michelle Butler, Daniel Cassano, Stephen Clarke, John Fejsa, David Durrheim
Flutracking is a weekly Web-based survey of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Australia that has grown from 400 participants in 2006 to over 26,000 participants every week in 2016. Flutracking monitors both the transmission and severity of ILI across Australia by documenting symptoms (cough, fever, and sore throat), time off work or normal duties, influenza vaccination status, laboratory testing for influenza, and health seeking behavior. Recruitment of Flutrackers commenced via health department and other organizational email systems, and then gradually incorporated social media promotion and invitations from existing Flutrackers to friends to enhance participation...
August 17, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818471/basic-principles-of-test-negative-design-in-evaluating-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness
#3
Wakaba Fukushima, Yoshio Hirota
Based on the unique characteristics of influenza, the concept of "monitoring" influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) across the seasons using the same observational study design has been developed. In recent years, there has been a growing number of influenza VE reports using the test-negative design, which can minimize both misclassification of diseases and confounding by health care-seeking behavior. Although the test-negative designs offer considerable advantages, there are some concerns that widespread use of the test-negative design without knowledge of the basic principles of epidemiology could produce invalid findings...
August 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817372/financial-burden-in-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#4
Ryan D Nipp, Anne C Kirchhoff, Douglas Fair, Julia Rabin, Kelly A Hyland, Karen Kuhlthau, Giselle K Perez, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Paul C Nathan, Kevin C Oeffinger, Wendy M Leisenring, Elyse R Park
Purpose Survivors of childhood cancer may experience financial burden as a result of health care costs, particularly because these patients often require long-term medical care. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of financial burden and identify associations between a higher percentage of income spent on out-of-pocket medical costs (≥ 10% of annual income) and issues related to financial burden (jeopardizing care or changing lifestyle) among survivors of childhood cancer and a sibling comparison group. Methods Between May 2011 and April 2012, we surveyed an age-stratified, random sample of survivors of childhood cancer and a sibling comparison group who were enrolled in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817114/trauma-informed-care-in-the-newborn-intensive-care-unit-promoting-safety-security-and-connectedness
#5
M R Sanders, S L Hall
Both babies and their parents may experience a stay in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) as a traumatic or a 'toxic stress,' which can lead to dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and ultimately to poorly controlled cortisol secretion. Toxic stresses in childhood or adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are strongly linked to poor health outcomes across the lifespan and trauma-informed care is an approach to caregiving based on the recognition of this relationship. Practitioners of trauma-informed care seek to understand clients' or patients' behaviors in light of previous traumas they have experienced, including ACEs...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813630/gender-similarities-and-differences-for-e-health-behaviors-among-u-s-adults
#6
Cam Escoffery
BACKGROUND: Technology access and use are increasing worldwide. Adults can potentially use technology to assist with health promotion and medical care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of participation in online health-related activities between different genders of U.S. adults aged 18-90 years. METHODS: Primary data collected through a survey panel were used to examine associations between gender and technology ownership, Internet health-seeking behaviors and online behaviors related to health, having an app, and preferences for health information...
August 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810957/treatment-seeking-beliefs-and-behaviors-in-air-force-nursing-personnel
#7
Stephen H A Hernandez, Brenda J Morgan, Mark B Parshall
INTRODUCTION: Perceptions of stigma and barriers associated with seeking mental health services have been described in past research with military service members who reported or screened positively for mental health concerns or who reported an intention to seek care. The reported influence of stronger perceptions of stigma on treatment seeking has varied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous, online survey was administered to Air Force nursing personnel (N = 250) at three locations to describe beliefs associated with seeking mental health treatment and to investigate the extent to which stigma and barriers, stress, and resilience were related to mental health treatment seeking...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810419/body-image-and-dissatisfaction-among-rural-deep-south-african-american-women-in-a-weight-loss-intervention
#8
Erica R Johnson, Olivia Affuso, Emily B Levitan, Tiffany L Carson, Monica L Baskin
Body image perception may impact health-promoting behaviors as well as knowledge regarding health risks associated with obesity. Our cross-sectional analysis evaluated body image and its association with body mass index among overweight and obese treatment-seeking African American women ( N = 409). Differences between current and desired body image were captured using the Pulvers scale. Results indicated the presence of body image dissatisfaction among participants (median = 2.00, interquartile range: 2...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806364/racial-and-ethnic-variation-in-perceptions-of-va-mental-health-providers-are-associated-with-treatment-retention-among-veterans-with-ptsd
#9
Michele Spoont, David Nelson, Michelle van Ryn, Margarita Alegria
BACKGROUND: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who seek mental health care in the Veterans Health Administration frequently discontinue treatment prematurely. Early discontinuation of mental health treatment is more common among Veterans with PTSD who are of minority race or ethnicity. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether retention in individual therapy or pharmacotherapy among Veterans with PTSD are associated with patients' ratings of their mental health providers, and if those associations differ depending on Veteran race or ethnicity...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802995/examining-the-high-rate-of-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-with-a-ged
#10
Charlotte A Schoenborn, Manfred Stommel, Jacqueline W Lucas
OBJECTIVES: We seek to identify characteristics of GED holders that explain their very high smoking rates compared with high school (HS) graduates. METHODS: We pooled data from the 2006-2014 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) for adults aged 25 and older (n=235,031) to describe cigarette smoking behaviors and smoking history for adults in six education categories, with a focus on comparing GED holders to HS graduates. Logistic regression was used to predict the odds of current cigarette smoking and successful quitting, accounting for demographic, employment, family/sociocultural, mental health, and other potential confounders...
April 19, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802367/impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-otitis-media-a-review-of-measurement-and-interpretation-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Ivo Vojtek, Marcus Nordgren, Bernard Hoet
Acute otitis media (AOM) is among the most frequent childhood diseases and is caused by various bacterial and viral etiological agents. In this article, we provide an overview of published studies assessing the impact of higher-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) on AOM. In some instances, reports of PCV impact on complications of AOM have been included. While randomized controlled trials (RCTs) allow for the most precise assessment of vaccine efficacy against AOM, observational studies provide answers to questions regarding the public health value of these vaccines in real-life settings...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801302/improving-patient-centered-care-for-young-people-in-general-practice-with-a-codesigned-screening-app-mixed-methods-study
#12
Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Lena Amanda Sanci
BACKGROUND: Despite experiencing a high prevalence and co-occurrence of mental health disorders and health-compromising behaviors, young people tend not to seek professional help for these concerns. However, they do regularly attend primary care, making primary care providers ideally situated to identify and discuss mental health and lifestyle issues as part of young people's routine health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether using a codesigned health and lifestyle-screening app, Check Up GP, in general practice influenced young people's assessment of the quality of their care (measures of patient-centered care and youth friendliness), and their disclosure of sensitive issues...
August 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799847/the-willingness-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-boston-to-use-a-supervised-injection-facility
#13
Casey León, Lena Cardoso, Sarah Mackin, Barry Bock, Jessie M Gaeta
BACKGROUND: In Massachusetts, the number of opioid-related deaths has increased 350% since 2000. In the setting of increasing overdose deaths, one potential intervention is Supervised Injection Facilities (SIFs). This study explores willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a SIF and examines factors associated with willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 237 people who inject drugs and utilize Boston's needle exchange program (NEP)...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#14
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793818/internet-forums-for-suicide-bereavement
#15
Eleanor Bailey, Karolina Krysinska, Bridianne O'Dea, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Bereavement by suicide is associated with a number of consequences including poor mental health outcomes and increased suicide risk. Despite this, the bereaved by suicide may be reluctant to seek help from friends, family, and professionals. Internet forums and social networking sites are a popular avenue of support for the bereaved, but to date there is a lack of research into their use and efficacy. AIMS: To survey users of suicide bereavement Internet forums and Facebook groups regarding their help-seeking behaviors, use of forums, and perceived benefits and limitations of such use...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790828/impact-of-help-seeking-behavior-and-partner-support-on-postpartum-depression-among-saudi-women
#16
Adel F Almutairi, Mahmoud Salam, Samiyah Alanazi, Manal Alweldawi, Najad Alsomali, Najla Alotaibi
BACKGROUND: Many studies have discovered a number of factors that can contribute to the risk of developing postpartum depression (PPD), including, but not limited to, life stressors, lack of social support, low economic status, and quality of the marital relationship. However, these studies were conducted in various countries with participants from different cultural backgrounds. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the impact of general help-seeking behavior (GHSB) and partner support (PS) on PPD among Saudi women in primary health care clinics in Riyadh city...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771094/coming-out-experiences-of-hispanic-sexual-minority-young-adults-in-south-florida
#17
Karina Gattamorta, Narciso Quidley-Rodriguez
Sexual minority youth and young adults (SMYYA) have higher prevalence of mental and behavioral health problems potentially linked to experiences of discrimination, stigma, and rejection. Among Hispanics, the intersection of stressors related to being an ethnic and sexual minority may result in compounding adverse outcomes. Coming out may play an important role in experiencing discrimination, stigma, and rejection. However, limited research examines coming out among Hispanic SMYYA (HSMYYA). This qualitative study seeks to understand the coming out experiences of HSMYYA living in South Florida...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770663/a-successful-model-for-clinical-training-in-child-adolescent-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-graduate-psychiatric-advanced-practice-nursing-students
#18
Pamela Lusk, Beverly G Hart Abney, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
BACKGROUND: Graduate faculty in advanced practice nursing programs seek to provide clinical training in psychotherapy for psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) students and prepare them for practice with patients across the lifespan, including children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical training model for child/adolescent cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) that is adaptable to all graduate nursing programs including online, classroom, and blended programs...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770297/barriers-to-seeking-care-for-urinary-incontinence-in-mexican-american-women
#19
Veronica T Mallett, Anna M Jezari, Thelma Carrillo, Sheralyn Sanchez, Zuber D Mulla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of epidemiologic studies of urinary incontinence (UI) have been conducted in non-Hispanic populations. We conducted a case-control study to identify factors associated with delayed care-seeking behavior in adult Mexican American women with UI. METHODS: Cases were women with UI who sought care >2 years after the onset of symptoms (delayed care group). Controls were women with UI who sought care ≤2 years after the onset of symptoms...
August 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768609/toward-predicting-social-support-needs-in-online-health-social-networks
#20
Min-Je Choi, Sung-Hee Kim, Sukwon Lee, Bum Chul Kwon, Ji Soo Yi, Jaegul Choo, Jina Huh
BACKGROUND: While online health social networks (OHSNs) serve as an effective platform for patients to fulfill their various social support needs, predicting the needs of users and providing tailored information remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to discriminate important features for identifying users' social support needs based on knowledge gathered from survey data. This study also provides guidelines for a technical framework, which can be used to predict users' social support needs based on raw data collected from OHSNs...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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