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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231720/phosphorylation-of-isoflavone-by-bacillus-subtilis-bcrc-80517-may-represent-xenobiotic-metabolism
#1
Chen Hsu, Bo-Yuan Wu, Yu-Chuan Chang, Chi-Fon Chang, Tai-Ying Chiou, Nan-Wei Su
Soy isoflavones, daidzein (DAI) and genistein (GEN), have beneficial effects on human health. However, their oral bioavailability is hampered by low aqueous solubility. Our previous study revealed two water-soluble phosphorylated isoflavones conjugates of isoflavones, daidzein 7-O-phosphate and genistein 7-O-phosphate, generated by biotransformation of Bacillus subtilis BCRC80517 cultivated with isoflavones. In this study, two novel derivatives of isoflavones, daidzein 4'-O-phosphate and genistein 4'-O-phosphate, were identified by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS and 1H, 13C and 31P NMR and the biotransformation road map was proposed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231711/embedding-capture-magneto-catalytic-activity-into-a-nano-catalyst-for-the-determination-of-lipid-kinase
#2
Tao Gao, Chaoli Mu, Hai Shi, Liu Shi, Xiaoxia Mao, Genxi Li
Using emerging nano-catalysts to investigate the activity of bio-catalysts (protein enzymes, catalytic RNAs, ect.) is increasingly receiving attention from material, analytical and biomedical scientists. Here, we have first fabricated a three-in-one nano-catalyst, the nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA)-modified magnetite nanoparticle (NTA-MNPs), to develop an integrated magneto-colorimetric (MagColor) assay for lipid kinase activity, so as to solve the inherent problems in lipid kinase assay. Based on three integrated functions of the NTA-MNPs (capture, magnetic separation and peroxidase activity), catalytic activity of lipid kinase is directly converted to colorimetric signals...
December 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230342/the-treatment-of-clozapine-withdrawal-delirium-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#3
Anish Modak, Arne Åhlin
Clozapine, a commonly used atypical antipsychotic, can precipitate a severe withdrawal syndrome. In this report, we describe a case of delirium with catatonic features emerging after the immediate cessation of clozapine subsequent to concerns of developing neuroleptic malignant syndrome. After multiple treatments were found to be inefficacious, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was initiated, resulting in significant improvement. A literature search revealed six previous cases of clozapine-withdrawal syndromes of varied symptomatology treated with ECT...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228215/mitochondria-are-critical-for-bdnf-mediated-synaptic-and-vascular-plasticity-of-hippocampus-following-repeated-electroconvulsive-seizures
#4
Fenghua Chen, Maryam Ardalan, Betina Elfving, Gregers Wegener, Torsten M Madsen, Jens R Nyengaard
Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a fast acting and efficient treatment of depression used in the clinic. The underlying mechanism of its therapeutic effect is still unclear. However, recovery of synaptic connections and synaptic remodeling is thought to play a critical role for the clinical efficacy obtained from a rapid antidepressant response. Here, we investigated the relationship between, synaptic changes and concomitant non-neuronal changes in microvasculature and mitochondria, and it relationship to Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level changes after repeated electroconvulsive seizures (ECS), an animal model of ECT...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228200/ect-has-greater-efficacy-than-fluoxetine-in-alleviating-the-burden-of-illness-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-taiwanese-pooled-analysis
#5
Ching-Hua Lin, Chun-Jen Huang, Cheng-Chung Chen
Background: The burden of major depressive disorder (MDD) includes suffering due to symptom severity, functional impairment, and quality of life (QOL) deficits. The aim of this study was to compare the differences between ECT and pharmacotherapy in reducing such burdens. Methods: This was a pooled analysis study including two open-label trials for MDD inpatients receiving either standard bitemporal and modified ECT with a maximum of 12 sessions, or 20 mg/d of fluoxetine for 6 weeks...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227012/superior-anti-suicidal-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-unipolar-disorder-and-bipolar-depression
#6
Chih-Sung Liang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Pei-Shen Ho, Chia-Kuang Tsai, Wu-Chien Chien
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has long been believed to reduce suicidal tendencies in patients with affective disorders; however, ECT recipients, who constitute the most severely ill and suicidal patients, are not eligible to participate in head-to-head randomized controlled trials. Large-scale studies are required to investigate the anti-suicidal effects of ECT vs psychopharmacotherapy. METHODS: A nationwide retrospective cohort study design was used...
December 11, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219862/when-can-we-predict-the-outcome-of-an-electroconvulsive-therapy-course-in-adolescents-a-retrospective-study
#7
Hagai Maoz, Uri Nitzan, Yiftach Goldwyn, Israel Krieger, Yuval Bloch
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of up-to-date literature regarding electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in adolescents, and the question of when to pronounce course failure has not been properly addressed. The current study aims to evaluate trajectories of clinical status throughout ECT courses in adolescent patients. METHODS: We retrieved detailed data of 36 patients who received ECT in our treatment center. Clinical records were retrospectively assessed and evaluated every 6 ECT sessions to quantify Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement (CGI-I) scores...
December 6, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218807/observational-study-on-the-occurrence-of-surgical-glove-perforation-and-associated-risk-factors-in-large-animal-surgery
#8
Nora M Biermann, J T McClure, Javier Sanchez, Aimie J Doyle
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of and associated risk factors for glove perforation in large animal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Surgical gloves (n = 917) worn during 103 large animal surgical procedures. METHODS: Gloves worn by personnel involved in sterile preparation and surgical procedures were tested for perforation by 2 previously validated methods, water leak test (WLT) and electroconductivity testing (ECT)...
December 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217832/inter-and-intra-hemispheric-structural-imaging-markers-predict-depression-relapse-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-multisite-study
#9
Benjamin S C Wade, Jing Sui, Gerhard Hellemann, Amber M Leaver, Randall T Espinoza, Roger P Woods, Christopher C Abbott, Shantanu H Joshi, Katherine L Narr
Relapse of depression following treatment is high. Biomarkers predictive of an individual's relapse risk could provide earlier opportunities for prevention. Since electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) elicits robust and rapidly acting antidepressant effects, but has a >50% relapse rate, ECT presents a valuable model for determining predictors of relapse-risk. Although previous studies have associated ECT-induced changes in brain morphometry with clinical response, longer-term outcomes have not been addressed. Using structural imaging data from 42 ECT-responsive patients obtained prior to and directly following an ECT treatment index series at two independent sites (UCLA: n = 17, age = 45...
December 8, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212058/genetic-analysis-and-crispr-typing-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-enteritidis-from-different-sources-revealed-potential-transmission-from-poultry-and-pig-to-human
#10
Qiuchun Li, Xin Wang, Kequan Yin, Yachen Hu, Haiyan Xu, Xiaolei Xie, Lijuan Xu, Xiao Fei, Xiang Chen, Xinan Jiao
Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) is one of the most prevalent serotypes in Salmonella isolated from poultry and the most commonly reported cause of human salmonellosis. In this study, we aimed to assess the genetic diversity of 329 S. Enteritidis strains isolated from different sources from 2009 to 2016 in China. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) typing was used to characterize these 262 chicken clinical isolates, 38 human isolates, 18 pig isolates, six duck isolates, three goose isolates and two isolates of unknown source...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203131/electroconvulsive-therapy-and-subsequent-epilepsy-in-patients-with-affective-disorders-a-register-based-danish-cohort-study
#11
Fie Krossdal Bøg, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, Merete Osler
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) might increase the risk of epilepsy but the few patient studies with retrospective data from medical records do not support the hypothesis. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between ECT and subsequent incident epilepsy in patients with affective disorder. We also explored whether any association varied with number of ECTs and time since last treatment. METHODS: All 169,457 patients with first hospital contact for an affective disorder between January 2005 and December 2015 were identified in the Danish National Patient Registry and followed for incident epilepsy from January 2005 until November 2016...
November 26, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202215/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-safety-and-tolerability-of-dabigatran-etexilate-oral-liquid-formulation-in-infants-with-venous-thromboembolism
#12
Jacqueline M L Halton, Anne-Caroline Picard, Ruth Harper, Fenglei Huang, Martina Brueckmann, Savion Gropper, Hugo Maas, Igor Tartakovsky, Ildar Nurmeev, Lesley G Mitchell, Leonardo R Brandão, Elizabeth Chalmers, Manuela Albisetti
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is more frequent in infants than in older children. Treatment guidelines in children are adapted from adult VTE data, but do not currently include direct oral anticoagulant use. Dabigatran etexilate (DE) use in the paediatric population with VTE therefore requires verification. We investigated the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship, safety and tolerability of DE oral liquid formulation (OLF) in infants with VTE (aged < 12 months) who had completed standard anticoagulant treatment in an open-label, phase IIa study...
November 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199760/effectivity-and-cost-effectivity-of-the-maintenance-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-mirror-naturalistic-analysis
#13
Albert Cosculluela, Jesús Cobo, Erika Martínez-Amorós, Montse Paños, Angel M Santiago, Sara Crivillés, María Camposo, Joan C Oliva, Albert Granero, Diego J Palao
INTRODUCTION: Maintenance Electroconvulsive Therapy (mECT) is a biological long-term treatment in which patients receive ECT on periods from 2 to 4 weeks, during a variable period of time, usually for more than 6 months. Recent studies showed the efficacy of mECT in prevention of relapse and recurrences. Our study wants to demostrate the effectivity and cost-effectivity of this therapy in the naturalistic conditions of our area. METHODOLOGY: HASH(0x39a1ab8) DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study, with mirror analysis in naturalistic conditions...
November 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198253/resolution-of-severe-psychogenic-dysphagia-with-ect-in-an-elderly-patient
#14
Tom S Y Kim, Tariq Munshi, Maria Hussain
In this report we describe an 82-year female with a longstanding anxiety disorder who developed severe psychogenic dysphagia, leading to hospitalization due to failure to thrive. We describe for the first time the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to successfully manage a patient with pharmacological treatment resistant psychogenic dysphagia.
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195125/effects-of-continuation-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-quality-of-life-in-elderly-depressed-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Nagy A Youssef, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
We examined whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) plus medications ("STABLE + PHARM" group) had superior HRQOL compared with medications alone ("PHARM" group) as continuation strategy after successful acute right unilateral ECT for major depressive disorder (MDD). We hypothesized that scores from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) would be higher during continuation treatment in the "STABLE + PHARM" group versus the "PHARM" group. The overall study design was called "Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly" (PRIDE)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181215/electroconvulsive-therapy-in-functional-hallucination-scope-and-challenges
#16
Sulochana Joshi, Rabi Shakya
Functional hallucinations are hallucinations triggered by a stimulus in the same modality and cooccur with it. They are rare in occurrence; however, their rarity has no significance as psychopathology till date. Also, very little is known about the treatment of such hallucinations. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been tested for several psychiatric illnesses and has a few relative contraindications; however, it has not previously been used in treating functional hallucinations. We report on a female patient with paranoid schizophrenia who experienced functional hallucinations continuously despite the use of adequate risperidone, which controlled other symptoms...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178483/electrochemotherapy-of-unresectable-cutaneous-tumors%C3%A2-with-reduced-dosages-of-intravenous-bleomycin-analysis-of-57-patients-from-the-inspect-international-network-for-sharing-practices-of-electrochemotherapy-registry
#17
R Rotunno, L G Campana, P Quaglino, F de Terlizzi, C Kunte, J Odili, J Gehl, S Ribero, S H Liew, R Marconato, M Brizio, P Curatolo
BACKGROUND: Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is currently used to treat unresectable superficial tumors of different histotypes through the combination of cytotoxic chemotherapy and local application of electric pulses. In 2006, a collaborative project defined the ESOPE (European Standard Operating Procedures of Electrochemotherapy) guidelines to standardize the procedure. The International Network for Sharing Practices of Electrochemotherapy (InspECT) aims to to refine the ESOPE and improve clinical practice...
November 24, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172056/electroconvulsive-therapy-and-age-age-related-clinical-features-and-effectiveness-in-treatment-resistant-major-depressive-episode
#18
Chiara Socci, Pierpaolo Medda, Cristina Toni, Lorenzo Lattanzi, Beniamino Tripodi, Giulia Vannucchi, Giulio Perugi
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to compare clinical features, treatments outcomes and tolerability between young (18-45 years), middle age (46-64 years) and old (≥ 65 years) patients treated with bilateral ECT for treatment resistant major depressive episode. METHOD: 402 patients were evaluated 1 day prior to ECT and a week after the treatment termination using the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI), the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression-17 items (HAM-D-17), the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171898/i-had-no-other-option-women-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-informed-consent
#19
Karen-Ann Clarke, Margaret Barnes, Dyann Ross
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a controversial procedure used in the management of depression. Whilst it may be administered under mental health legislation, it is usually given to people who voluntarily consent. At the practice level, the consent process for ECT requires a detailed explanation of the procedure. The person consenting must have capacity to make this decision, and consent must be given freely and without coercion. Research using a feminist narrative approach unexpectedly highlighted the issue of potential coercion in the context of explaining the procedure...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167968/the-value-of-hybrid-angio-ct-in-preoperative-detection-and-localization-of-insulinomas-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#20
Jinxin Fu, Fengyong Liu, Kai Yuan, Jieyu Yan, Yan Wang, Jinlong Zhang, Bing Yuan, Maoqiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the performance of hybrid angio-CT in preoperative detection and localization for insulinomas. METHODS: Fifty-four postoperative pathology-confirmed patients from April 2015 to March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed; all patients underwent angio-CT with administration of contrast media in SMA, GDA and SA due to negative, inconclusive or controversial findings by several preoperative diagnostic methods including TAUS, CEUS, EUS, ECT, EMRI and DSA...
November 22, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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