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Mónica A G Otálora, Isabel Martínez, Gregorio Aragón, Mats Wedin
The main goal of this work was to study species boundaries in the genus Pectenia and elucidate the biogeographic history of the four currently accepted species. To accomplish this, we included 92 specimens across the range of Pectenia in Europe and northern Africa. We used three nuclear loci and assessed species circumscription using two Bayesian coalescent-based methods and the Bayes Factor approach. We reviewed the value of reproductive mode and other morphological features as predictors of monophyletic groups...
March 2017: Fungal Biology
Raphael Teodoro Franciscani Coimbra, Flávia Regina Miranda, Camila Clozato Lara, Marco Antônio Alves Schetino, Fabrício Rodrigues Dos Santos
Cyclopes didactylus, commonly called silky anteater, is the smallest and least studied of the anteaters. It is an arboreal species occurring in rainforests, ranging from southern Mexico to Central and South America, with an apparently disjoint distribution between Amazon and Atlantic rainforests in Brazil. Although seven subspecies are recognized, little is known about its geographical variation. Thus, to evaluate the population dynamics and evolutionary history of the South American silky anteater, we analyzed 1542 bp sequences of the mitochondrial control region (CR), COI and Cyt-b genes of 32 individuals...
February 13, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Natalia Kirichenko, Paolo Triberti, Issei Ohshima, Julien Haran, Bong-Kyu Byun, Houhun Li, Sylvie Augustin, Alain Roques, Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde
Knowing the phylogeographic structure of invasive species is important for understanding the underlying processes of invasion. The micromoth Phyllonorycter issikii, whose larvae damage leaves of lime trees Tilia spp., was only known from East Asia. In the last three decades, it has been recorded in most of Europe, Western Russia and Siberia. We used the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene region to compare the genetic variability of P. issikii populations between these different regions...
2017: PloS One
Christine Demanche, Manjula Deville, Johan Michaux, Véronique Barriel, Claire Pinçon, Cécile Marie Aliouat-Denis, Muriel Pottier, Christophe Noël, Eric Viscogliosi, El Moukhtar Aliouat, Eduardo Dei-Cas, Serge Morand, Jacques Guillot
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120839.].
2017: PloS One
Wei Zhou, Spencer C H Barrett, Hai-Dong Li, Zhi-Kun Wu, Xin-Jia Wang, Hong Wang, De-Zhu Li
The breakdown of heterostyly to homostyly is a classic system for the investigation of evolutionary transitions from outcrossing to selfing. Loss of sexual polymorphism is characterized by changes to population morph structure and floral morphology. Here, we used molecular phylogeography to investigate the geographical context for the breakdown process in Primula chungensis, a species with distylous and homostylous populations. We genotyped plants from 20 populations throughout the entire range in south-west China using the chloroplast intergenic spacer (trnL-trnF), nuclear internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and 10 nuclear microsatellite loci, and determined the genetic relationships among populations and the variation in floral traits associated with homostyle evolution...
February 8, 2017: New Phytologist
Daniel Magee, Marc A Suchard, Matthew Scotch
Ancestral state reconstructions in Bayesian phylogeography of virus pandemics have been improved by utilizing a Bayesian stochastic search variable selection (BSSVS) framework. Recently, this framework has been extended to model the transition rate matrix between discrete states as a generalized linear model (GLM) of genetic, geographic, demographic, and environmental predictors of interest to the virus and incorporating BSSVS to estimate the posterior inclusion probabilities of each predictor. Although the latter appears to enhance the biological validity of ancestral state reconstruction, there has yet to be a comparison of phylogenies created by the two methods...
February 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
Alastair J Potts
BACKGROUND: This study investigates orbitally-forced range dynamics at a regional scale by exploring the evolutionary history of Nymania capensis (Meliaceae) across the deeply incised landscapes of the subescarpment coastal lowlands of South Africa; a region that is home to three biodiversity hotspots (Succulent Karoo, Fynbos, and Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany hotspots). METHODS: A range of methods are used including: multilocus phylogeography (chloroplast and high- and low-copy nuclear DNA), molecular dating and species distribution modelling (SDM)...
2017: PeerJ
Richard M Bateman, Attila Molnár V, Gábor Sramkó
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The charismatic Himantoglossum s.l. clade of Eurasian orchids contains an unusually large proportion of taxa that are of controversial circumscriptions and considerable conservation concern. Whereas our previously published study addressed the molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of every named taxon within the clade, here we use detailed morphometric data obtained from the same populations to compare genotypes with associated phenotypes, in order to better explore taxonomic circumscription and character evolution within the clade...
2017: PeerJ
Noriko Azuma, Nadezhda I Zaslavskaya, Tomoyasu Yamazaki, Takahiro Nobetsu, Susumu Chiba
We investigated genetic diversity and population structure of the Sitka periwinkle Littorina sitkana along the coastlines of the northwestern Pacific (NWP) to evaluate the possibility of trans-Pacific colonization of this species from the NWP to the northeastern Pacific (NEP) after the Last Glacial Maximum. We sampled L. sitkana from 32 populations in the NWP, and sequenced a region of the mitochondrial cytochrome b oxidase gene for population genetic analyses. The results were compared with those of previous reports from the NEP...
February 4, 2017: Genetica
Joris A M Bertrand, Philippe Borsa, Wei-Jen Chen
On evolutionary time scales, sea level oscillations lead to recurrent spatio-temporal variation in species distribution and population connectivity. In this situation, applying classical concepts of biogeography is challenging yet necessary to understand the mechanisms underlying biodiversity in highly diverse marine ecosystems such as coral reefs. We aimed at studying the outcomes of such complex biogeographical dynamics on reproductive isolation by sampling populations across a wide spatial range of a species-rich fish genus: the sergeants (Pomacentridae: Abudefduf)...
February 3, 2017: Molecular Ecology
Liangjie Zhao, Erica L Chenoweth, Qigen Liu
In order to understand the influence of human activities such as habitat fragmentation on freshwater fish population evolution, we investigated and compared the genetic diversity and phylogeography of Sinibrama macrops populations in the Oujiang River and Ling River. Mitochondrial control region sequences (D-loop region) of 131 specimens from six populations were obtained and analyzed. The diversity of main stream in the Ou River was lower than that in Ling River. Changtan population showed the lowest diversity (H = 0...
January 27, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Beatrice Moretti, Omar F Al-Sheikhly, Monica Guerrini, Meryl Theng, Brij K Gupta, Mukhtar K Haba, Waseem A Khan, Aleem A Khan, Filippo Barbanera
We investigated the phylogeography of the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) to determine its spatial genetic structure for aiding an adaptive conservation management of the species. Fifty-eight modern and 11 archival (dated 1882-1970) otters sampled from Iraq to Malaysian Borneo were genotyped (mtDNA Cytochrome-b, 10 microsatellite DNA loci). Moreover, 16 Aonyx cinereus (Asian small-clawed otter) and seven Lutra lutra (Eurasian otter) were sequenced to increase information available for phylogenetic reconstructions...
January 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Renata F Martins, Jörns Fickel, Minh Le, Thanh van Nguyen, Ha M Nguyen, Robert Timmins, Han Ming Gan, Jeffrine J Rovie-Ryan, Dorina Lenz, Daniel W Förster, Andreas Wilting
BACKGROUND: The members of the genus Muntiacus are of particular interest to evolutionary biologists due to their extreme chromosomal rearrangements and the ongoing discussions about the number of living species. Red muntjacs have the largest distribution of all muntjacs and were formerly considered as one species. Karyotype differences led to the provisional split between the Southern Red Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) and the Northern Red Muntjac (M. vaginalis), but uncertainties remain as, so far, no phylogenetic study has been conducted...
January 26, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Marta Vila, Miguel Hermida, Carlos Fernández, Silvia Perea, Ignacio Doadrio, Rafaela Amaro, Eduardo San Miguel
Genetic isolation and drift may imperil peripheral populations of wide-ranging species more than central ones. Therefore, information about species genetic variability and population structure is invaluable for conservation managers. The Iberian populations of three-spined stickleback lie at the southwestern periphery of the European distribution of Gasterosteus aculeatus. This teleost is a protected species in Portugal and Spain and local extinctions have been reported in both countries during the last decades...
2017: PloS One
R K Negi, Bheem Dutt Joshi, J A Johnson, Rahul De, Surendra P Goyal
Phylogeography and evolutionary history of the freshwater species are poorly known. We document the phylogeography of widely distributed Puntius sophore using cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene of 650 bp. In the present study, we used 61 individual sequences from known geographic locations across India whereas data are lacking from other parts of its distribution range. Total 20 haplotypes with the intra-species sequence divergence ranging from 0.004 to 0.025 were observed and they were split into two major clades (North and Northeastern to Central India)...
January 24, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Jacqueline S Lima, Mariana P C Telles, Lázaro J Chaves, Matheus S Lima-Ribeiro, Rosane G Collevatti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cyclic glaciations were frequent throughout the Quaternary and this affected species distribution and population differentiation worldwide. The present study reconstructed the demographic history and dispersal routes of Eugenia dysenterica lineages and investigated the effects of Quaternary climate change on its spatial pattern of genetic diversity. METHODS: A total of 333 individuals were sampled from 23 populations and analysed by sequencing four regions of the chloroplast DNA and the internal transcribed spacer of the nuclear DNA...
January 23, 2017: Annals of Botany
Sándor Hornok, Attila D Sándor, Snežana Tomanović, Relja Beck, Gianluca D'Amico, Jenő Kontschán, Nóra Takács, Tamás Görföl, Mohammed Lamine Bendjeddou, Gábor Földvári, Róbert Farkas
BACKGROUND: Rhipicephalus sanguineus belongs to a complex of hard tick species with high veterinary-medical significance. Recently, new phylogenetic units have been discovered within R. sanguineus, which therefore needs taxonomic revision. The present study was initiated to provide new information on the phylogeography of relevant haplotypes from less studied regions of Europe and Africa. With this aim, molecular-phylogenetic analyses of two mitochondrial markers were performed on 50 ticks collected in Hungary, the Balkans, countries along the Mediterranean Sea, Kenya and Ivory Coast...
January 23, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Yuchen Yang, Jianfang Li, Shuhuan Yang, Xinnian Li, Lu Fang, Cairong Zhong, Norman C Duke, Renchao Zhou, Suhua Shi
BACKGROUND: A large-scale systematical investigation of the influence of Pleistocene climate oscillation on mangrove population dynamics could enrich our knowledge about the evolutionary history during times of historical climate change, which in turn may provide important information for their conservation. RESULTS: In this study, phylogeography of a mangrove tree Sonneratia alba was studied by sequencing three chloroplast fragments and seven nuclear genes. A low level of genetic diversity at the population level was detected across its range, especially at the range margins, which was mainly attributed to the steep sea-level drop and associated climate fluctuations during the Pleistocene glacial periods...
January 18, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Solene Janique, Wantana Sriratanasak, Kulchana Ketsuwan, Jirapong Jairin, Ekgachai Jeratthitikul
The Asian rice gall midge (RGM) Orseolia oryzae (Wood Mason) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) is a major pest of rice, leading to yield losses in Thailand and many Asian countries. Despite an increasing number of reported midge outbreaks and the presence of many susceptible rice varieties, only a few studies have focused on the genetic variation of the midges. Therefore, we analyzed the phylogeography among Thai RGM populations covering north, northeast and central Thailand. Two mitochondrial DNA genes, cytochrome C oxidase I (COI) and 12S, and a non-coding repeat region (RR) situated just before COI were amplified...
January 9, 2017: Genetica
Abdallah M Samy, A Townsend Peterson, Matthew Hall
Rift Valley Fever is an acute zoonotic viral disease caused by Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) that affects ruminants and humans in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. We used phylogenetic analyses to understand the demographic history of RVFV populations, using sequence data from the three minigenomic segments of the virus. We used phylogeographic approaches to infer RVFV historical movement patterns across its geographic range, and to reconstruct transitions among host species. Results revealed broad circulation of the virus in East Africa, with many lineages originating in Kenya...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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