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Deng-Feng Xie, Min-Jie Li, Jin-Bo Tan, Megan Price, Qun-Ying Xiao, Song-Dong Zhou, Yan Yu, Xing-Jin He
Urophysa is a Chinese endemic genus with only two species (U. rockii and U. henryi) distributed in Yungui Plateau (Guizhou Province) and adjacent regions (i.e., Provinces of Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing and Sichuan). The aim of this study was to determine the genetic diversity and population differentiation within Urophysa and investigate the effect of the Yungui Plateau uplift and climate oscillations on evolution of Urophysa. In this study, micro-morphological characteristics, nine microsatellite loci (SSR), two nuclear loci (ITS and ETS) and two chloroplast fragments (psbA-trnH and trnL-trnF) were used to analyze the phylogenetic relationships and assess genetic and phylogeographical structure of Urophysa...
2017: PloS One
Kelly A Speer, Brandi Jo Petronio, Nancy B Simmons, Rebecca Richey, Kristin Magrini, J Angel Soto-Centeno, David L Reed
Dispersal is a driving factor in the creation and maintenance of biodiversity, yet little is known about the effects of habitat variation and geography on dispersal and population connectivity in most mammalian groups. Bats of the family Molossidae are fast-flying mammals thought to have potentially high dispersal ability, and recent studies have indicated gene flow across hundreds of kilometers in continental North American populations of the Brazilian free-tailed bat, Tadarida brasiliensis. We examined the population genetics, phylogeography, and morphology of this species in Florida and across islands of The Bahamas, which are part of an island archipelago in the West Indies...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Elena G Gonzalez, Carina Cunha, Hamid R Ghanavi, Francisco J Oliva-Paterna, Mar Torralva, Ignacio Doadrio
Secondary freshwater fish species inhabiting fluctuating and extreme environments are susceptible to changes in dispersion, effective population size, and genetic structure. The Iberian toothcarp Aphanius iberus is an endemic cyprinodontid of the Iberian Peninsula restricted to brackish water of salt marshes and coastal lagoons on the eastern Spanish Mediterranean coast. In this study we analysed mitochondrial cytochrome b DNA and microsatellite variation to evaluate ways in which the processes of extinction, dispersal, and colonization of A...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Heredity
Sara I Montemayor, María Cecilia Melo, María Celeste Scattolini, Martina E Pocco, María Guadalupe Del Río, Gimena Dellapé, Erica E Scheibler, Sergio A Roig, Carla G Cazorla, Pablo M Dellapé
Three independent but complementary lines of research have provided evidence for the recognition of refugia: paleontology, phylogeography and species distributional modelling (SDM). SDM assesses the ecological requirements of a species based on its known occurrences and enables its distribution to be projected on past climatological reconstructions. One advantage over the other two approaches is that it provides an explicit link to environment and geography, thereby enabling the analysis of a large number of taxa in the search for more general refugia patterns...
2017: PloS One
Naïma Raaf, Wahiba Amhis, Houria Saoula, Ahmed Abid, Mhamed Nakmouche, Abdelmalek Balamane, Nassima Ali Arous, Mounira Ouar-Korichi, Filipa F Vale, Lucie Bénéjat, Francis Mégraud
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is common in Algeria, but there are few data on the characterization of isolated strains. The aim of this study was to update data on the prevalence of H. pylori in patients submitted to endoscopy, antibiotic resistance, and phylogeography of H. pylori strains isolated in Algiers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study carried out between November 2015 and August 2016. The culture of H. pylori was performed on antral and fundic gastric biopsies of adult patients from 3 hospitals...
October 16, 2017: Helicobacter
Irene Villalta, Fernando Amor, Juan A Galarza, Simon Dupont, Patrocinio Ortega, Abraham Hefetz, Abdallah Dahbi, Xim Cerdá, Raphaël Boulay
The creation of geographic barriers has long been suspected to contribute to the formation of new species. We investigated the phylogeography of desert ants in the western Mediterranean basin in order to elucidate their mode of diversification. These insects which have a low dispersal capacity are recently becoming important model systems in evolutionary studies. We conducted an extensive sampling of species belonging to the Cataglyphis albicans group in the Iberian Peninsula (IP) and the northern Morocco (North Africa; NA)...
October 3, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Daniela Matenaar, Marcus Fingerle, Eva Heym, Sarah Wirtz, Axel Hochkirch
Vicariance and dispersal are two important processes shaping biodiversity patterns. The South African Cape Floristic Region (CFR) is known for its high biotic diversity and endemism. However, studies on the phylogeography of endemic invertebrates in this biodiversity hotspot are still scarce. Here, we present a phylogenetic study of the flightless grasshopper genus Betiscoides, which is endemic to the CFR and strongly associated with restio plants (Restionaceae). We hypothesized that the genus originated in the southwestern part of the CFR, that differentiation within the genus is mainly an effect of vicariance and that the three known species only represent a minor fraction of the real genetic diversity of the genus...
October 3, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Niu Qiao, He Ren, Lei Liu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the phylogeography of norovirus (NoV) in China. In norovirus, a clear understanding for the characteristics of tree topology, migration patterns and its demographic dynamics in viral circulation are needed to identify its prevalence trends, which can help us better prepare for its epidemics as well as develop useful control strategies. The aim of this study was to explore the genetic diversity, temporal distribution, demographic dynamics and migration patterns of NoV that circulated in China...
October 3, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
Lucía Graña-Miraglia, Luis F Lozano, Consuelo Velázquez, Patricia Volkow-Fernández, Ángeles Pérez-Oseguera, Miguel A Cevallos, Santiago Castillo-Ramírez
Genome sequencing has been useful to gain an understanding of bacterial evolution. It has been used for studying the phylogeography and/or the impact of mutation and recombination on bacterial populations. However, it has rarely been used to study gene turnover at microevolutionary scales. Here, we sequenced Mexican strains of the human pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii sampled from the same locale over a 3 year period to obtain insights into the microevolutionary dynamics of gene content variability. We found that the Mexican A...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180231.].
2017: PloS One
Zhaokui Du, He Chen, Junmin Li
Kandelia obovata Sheue, Liu & Yong, a mangrove species which distributed in tropical, subtropical coastal and estuarine intertidal, has important ecological functions in coastal ecosystems. Here, we reviewed several aspects of the recent research progress in molecular biological studies of K. obovata. We focused the phylogeography and genetic diversity of this species by several types of molecular markers, proteome analyses based on two-dimensional electrophoresis platform accomplished for this species, and functional genes isolated under non-biotic stress environment...
February 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
K Doan, F E Zachos, B Wilkens, J-D Vigne, N Piotrowska, A Stanković, B Jędrzejewska, K Stefaniak, M Niedziałkowska
A corarection to this Article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
September 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Stéphane Aris-Brosou, Neke Ibeh, Jessica Noël
Recent history has provided us with one pandemic (Influenza A/H1N1) and two severe viral outbreaks (Ebola and Zika). In all three cases, post-hoc analyses have given us deep insights into what triggered these outbreaks, their timing, evolutionary dynamics, and phylogeography, but the genomic characteristics of outbreak viruses are still unclear. To address this outstanding question, we searched for a common denominator between these recent outbreaks, positing that the genome of outbreak viruses is in an unstable evolutionary state, while that of non-outbreak viruses is stabilized by a network of correlated substitutions...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Emily L Gillespie, Annabella G Pauley, Megan L Haffner, Nikolai M Hay, Matt C Estep, Zack E Murrell
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Microsatellite primers were developed for a widespread limestone endemic sedge, Carex eburnea, to facilitate investigation of the genetic diversity and phylogeography of this taxon and its closest relative, C. mckittrickensis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-eight primer pairs were designed from Illumina sequence data and screened for suitability. Fourteen of these primer pairs were polymorphic and generated one to seven alleles per locus. Cross-species amplifications were conducted for all four members of Carex sect...
August 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
Vladimir A Lukhtanov
Specimens with intermediate morphology are often considered to be the result of ongoing interspecific hybridization; however, this conclusion is difficult to prove without analysis of chromosomal and/or molecular markers. In the butterfly genus Melitaea, such an intermediacy can be detected in male genitalia, and is more or less regularly observed in localities where two closely related, presumably parental species are found in sympatry. Here I analyze a high altitude Melitaea population from Mt. Hermon in north Israel and show that its male genitalia are clearly differentiated from those found in phenotypically similar M...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
Duarte Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Fernando Martínez-Freiría, Pierre-André Crochet, Philippe Geniez, Salvador Carranza, José Carlos Brito
Highlands, hydrographic systems and coastal areas have been hypothesised to form corridors across the hyperarid Sahara desert in North Africa, allowing dispersal and gene flow for non-xeric species. Here we aim to provide a genetic test for the trans-Saharan corridor model, and predict the location and stability of ecological-corridors, by combining phylogeography and palaeoclimatic modelling. The model was the Psammophis schokari (Schokari sand racer) group, fast-moving and widely distributed generalist colubrids occurring mostly in arid and semiarid scrublands...
September 14, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Simon E Coppard, H A Lessios
Vicariant events have been widely used to calibrate rates of molecular evolution, the completion of the Central American Isthmus more extensively than any other. Recent studies have claimed that rather than the generally accepted date of ~3 million years ago (Ma), the Isthmus was effectively complete by the middle Miocene, 13 Ma. We present a fossil calibrated phylogeny of the new world sand dollar genus Encope, based on one nuclear and four mitochondrial genes, calibrated with fossils at multiple nodes. Present day distributions of Encope are likely the result of multiple range contractions and extinction events...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shuai Tan, Zhihong Wang, Lichun Jiang, Rui Peng, Tao Zhang, Quekun Peng, Fangdong Zou
Blue sheep, Pseudois nayaur, is endemic to the Tibetan Plateau and the surrounding mountains, which are the highest-elevation areas in the world. Classical morphological taxonomy suggests that there are two subspecies in genus Pseudois (Bovidae, Artiodactyla), namely Pseudois nayaur nayaur and Pseudois nayaur szechuanensis. However, the validity and geographic characteristics of these subspecies have never been carefully discussed and analyzed. This may be partially because previous studies have mainly focused on the vague taxonomic status of Pseudois schaeferi (dwarf blue sheep)...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Frank Johansson, Peter Halvarsson, Dirk J Mikolajewski, Jacob Höglund
Presence or absence of predators selects for different kind of morphologies. Hence, we expect variation in traits that protect against predators to vary over geographical areas where predators vary in past and present abundance. Abdominal larval spines in dragonfly larvae provide protection against fish predators. We studied geographical variation in larval spine length of the dragonfly Leucorrhinia dubia across Western Europe using a phylogenetic approach. Larvae were raised in a common garden laboratory experiment in the absence of fish predators...
2017: PloS One
Bryan C Carstens, Ariadna E Morales, Nathan D Jackson, Brian C O'Meara
Phylogeography seeks to discover the evolutionary processes that have given rise to organismal and genetic diversity. This requires explicit hypotheses (i.e., models) to be evaluated with genetic data in order to identify those hypotheses that best explain the data. In recent years, advancements in the model-based tools used to estimate phylogeographic parameters of interest such as gene flow, divergence time, and relationships among groups have been made. However, given the complexity of these models, available methods can typically only compare a handful of possible hypotheses, requiring researchers to specify in advance the small set of models to consider...
November 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
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