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Samuel N Cheuvront, Robert W Kenefick, Nisha Charkoudian, Katherine M Mitchell, Adam J Luippold, Karleigh E Bradbury, Sadasivan Vidyasagar
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of different commercial beverage compositions for meeting oral rehydration therapy (ORT) goals in the treatment of acute dehydration in healthy humans has not been systematically tested. The objective of the study was to compare fluid retention, plasma volume (PV), and interstitial fluid (ISF) volume restoration when using 1 popular glucose-based and 1 novel amino acid-based (AA) commercial ORT beverage following experimental hypertonic or isotonic dehydration...
January 28, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Markus Zilker, Fritz Sörgel, Ulrike Holzgrabe
Pharmaceutical manufacturers have to study the stability of drug products before marketing according to ICH guideline Q1A(R2); data of those investigations aim to set expiry dates. The expiry date on the container of a remedy assures the physician and the patient a stability of the drug in its formulation i.e. within a specification of 95-105%. Only few studies show that shelf-lives of pharmaceutical products are often longer than expiration dates. The objective of the study presented here was determining the content of nine expired ampoules manufactured in the last century and identifying the impurity profile by means of HPLC-UV and HPLC-MS, respectively...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Alexander K Chow, Leslie A Deane
A 65-year-old woman presented with recurrent urinary tract infections. A computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis shows a dilated and malrotated right renal pelvis consistent with a ureteropelvic junction obstruction as well as multiple renal arteries arising from the aorta. A computed tomography angiography revealed 5 separate renal arteries originating from the aorta with a single renal artery crossing over and obstructing the right renal pelvis. On Lasix renogram, the affected kidney contributes 45% of total renal function...
February 2018: Urology
Anna M Zampini, Ryan Nelson, J J Haijing Zhang, Jeremy Reese, Kenneth W Angermeier, Georges-Pascal Haber
OBJECTIVE: To present the use of buccal mucosal graft (BMG) in a salvage robotic laparoscopic pyeloplasty as an alternative in the management of a recurrent ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. METHODS: We present 2 patients with a recurrent UPJ obstruction who had previously undergone 2 prior open or robotic pyleoplasties, followed by endoscopic management. Preoperative imaging was obtained before surgical repair. The UPJ was incised and the incision extended to reveal margins of a healthy normal-caliber ureteral tissue...
July 27, 2017: Urology
Brandon P Trojan, Sara J Trojan, Andrew Navetta, Bryce Staches, Bryan Sutton, Stephanie Filleur, Thomas Nelius
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms for calcium-based stone formation are not clearly delineated. Porcine are the most anatomically and physiologically congruent mammal to humans. Our objectives were to develop a cost-effective and easily reproducible porcine model for the study of calcium-based nephrolithiasis. METHODS: Crossbred male pigs (n = 16) were assigned randomly to one of the following treatments: (1) control; (2) ethylene glycol (EG) + vitamin D (VD); (3) EG + ammonium chloride (AC); (4) EG + gentamicin (G); (5) EG + Lasix; (6) EG + VD + AC; (7) EG + VD + G...
October 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
N Arruda-Costa, D Escrivani, E E Almeida-Amaral, J R Meyer-Fernandes, B Rossi-Bergmann
Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes are known to express furosemide (Lasix®)-sensitive P-type membrane Na+-ATPase. In the present study, furosemide activity was studied in intracellular amastigotes and infected BALB/c mice to investigate its efficacy in cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Intracellular parasites, but not macrophages, were found to be sensitive to killing by furosemide (IC50 = 87 µ m vs CC50 ≫ 1000 µ m, respectively). Although furosemide did not induce nitric oxide production or intracellular pH changes in infected macrophages, it led to a significant reactive oxygen species (ROS) burst...
June 6, 2017: Parasitology
R Hammer, M Sciaudone
CASE: A 48 year-old man with no past medical history was sent to our emergency department (ED); from a primary care clinic for hypertensive urgency of 200/130. The man reported an intermittent non-productive cough of approximately one year's duration and worsening dyspnea on exertion and orthopnea over the last month with lower extremity swelling. Of note, he emigrated from Honduras twenty years ago. Blood pressure normalized with administration of Lasix in the ED. Physical exam revealed rales in lung bases bilaterally, jugular venous distension, lower extremity pitting edema with serpiginous patches of erythema and excoriation, and a cardiac gallop...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
M Ben Dhaou, M Zouari, S Ammar, H Zitouni, M Jallouli, R Mhiri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mini-invasive surgery is still evolving to get better surgical conditions for patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. We used technical modifications (hybrid pyeloplasty) that simplify surgical steps of laparoendoscopic single-site pyeloplasty in children. Our aim was to compare hybrid pyeloplasty to laparoendoscopic single-site pyeloplasty and to open pyeloplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction aged<14years undergoing pyeloplasty at our institute from January 2011 to December 2015...
February 2017: Progrès en Urologie
Roshan M Patel, Zhamshid Okhunov, Kamaljot Kaler, Ralph V Clayman
Background: The ureteral access sheath (UAS) has revolutionized the management of urinary pathology in the upper tract by providing rapid repeatable access to the upper urinary tract. However, in many practices, it remains a controversial tool in endourology given concerns of possible ureteral injury and presumed long-term sequela from those injuries. This case suggests that these concerns may be more hypothetical than real. Case Presentation: A 32-year-old female with a history of recurrent nephrolithiasis presented with left-sided symptomatic renal colic...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
S Das, P L Haroled Peter, M Lakshmi Bhavani, P Naresh, M V Ramana
A cross-sectional study of 250 cases of type 2 diabetes management was conducted in a governmental tertiary care hospital of urban south India to determine the comparative prevalence of type 2 diabetes and its comorbidity with cardiovascular diseases in diabetic population, core drug use indicators and drug utilization pattern in the management of diabetics entirely and with cardiovascular diseases. Highest prevalent age group for type 2 diabetes/cardiovascular diseases (greater incidence in female than male) was 51-60 years...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ivan Nikiforov, Qurat Mansoora, Hassan Al-Khalisy, Sarah Joseph, Pramil Cheriyath
Background. Scrotal swelling is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis with few reported cases in the literature. In this case report, we present a 59-year-old male with hydrochlorothiazide induced pancreatitis who developed scrotal swelling. Case Presentation. A 59-year-old male presented to the emergency department with sharp epigastric abdominal pain that radiated to the back and chest. On physical examination, he had abdominal tenderness and distention with hypoactive bowel sounds. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen showed acute pancreatitis...
2015: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Mansoor Ahmad, Nudrat Adil
Compatibility and stability of the polygeline-based blood plasma expander/plasma substitute Haemaccel with different drug products i.e., Profenid, Stemetil, and Lasix were examined in the context of its potential use in surgical, spinal, septic shock and in circulatory insufficiency, because treatment, safety, acceptability and efficacy of drug product may be affected by drug instability or incompatibility. Therefore, drug stability and compatibility are critical elements in accurate and appropriate delivery of drug therapy to patients...
November 2014: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Arjun V Balar, William C Huang, Kimberly Jackson, Kent P Friedman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare coregistration of the bladder wall, bladder masses, and pelvic lymph nodes between sequential and simultaneous PET and MRI acquisitions obtained during hybrid (18)F-FDG PET/MRI performed using a diuresis protocol in bladder cancer patients. METHODS: Six bladder cancer patients underwent (18)F-FDG hybrid PET/MRI, including IV Lasix administration and oral hydration, before imaging to achieve bladder clearance. Axial T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) was obtained approximately 40 minutes before PET ("sequential") and concurrently with PET ("simultaneous")...
August 2015: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Des P Leadon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Veterinary Journal
Marcelo Di Gregorio, Andrei Botnaru, Laurent Bairy, Francis Lorge
BACKGROUND: The treatment of symptomatic uretropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) has evolved towards minimal invasive endourologic and laparoscopic techniques. Robotic assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty has achieved outcomes comparable to those corresponding to open and laparoscopic techniques. The objective of this work is to demonstrate that the transition between open to robotic surgeries is straightforward. We analysed retrospectively "our initial results" in robotic assisted UPJ reconstruction procedures...
2014: SpringerPlus
Brendan Heffron, Marc Benoit, Jennifer Bishop, Sara Costello, Laura Hurt, Lindsay Simpson, Lisa Taddei, Kevin Kline, Adam Negrusz
During prolonged strenuous exercise, racehorses can experience acidemia. To counteract this phenomenon, trainers can administer blood alkalizing agents that raise the plasma pH and total carbon dioxide (TCO2) concentration. In Illinois, the administrative threshold for TCO2 in plasma is 37.0 mmol/L. Because accuracy in the reported measurement of TCO2 must be ensured, uncertainty measurements are often issued alongside the reported concentrations. We report a validated method for measuring TCO2 levels in equine plasma using the Beckman UniCel DxC 600...
October 2014: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Dominic Lee, Richard E Link
OBJECTIVE: To aid in counseling and managing a challenging patient cohort, we review our experience using a structured endoscopic approach to assess individuals with recurrent symptoms but a normal anatomic evaluation after pyeloplasty. METHODS: From 2008 to 2012, all patients presenting with recurrent symptoms after pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction were retrospectively evaluated. After baseline renal scanning, all underwent retrograde ureteropyelography, flexible ureteroscopy, UPJ balloon calibration, and provocative ureteral stenting...
July 2014: Urology
Antonio Cusano, Fernando Abarzua-Cabezas, Stuart Kesler
A 57-year-old woman presented with bilateral abdominal pain and flank discomfort. Imaging studies, consisting of CT scan, diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid renal scan with Lasix and a retrograde pyelogram, indicated an obstruction at the uteropelvic junction (UPJ), possibly due to fibroepithelial polyps within the ureter. A robotic pyeloplasty revealed a ureteral diverticulum and a thin, still-attached fibroepithelial polyp of approximately 2 cm in length. The patient tolerated the procedure well and was discharged one day postpyeloplasty with no reported complications...
April 23, 2014: BMJ Case Reports
Mansoor Ahmad, Sadaf Sharif, Mehjabeen, Hina Sharif, Noor Jahan, Ghazala Raza Naqvi
The Dolichos biflorus is a well known medicinal plant in folklore for its medicinal properties. In herbal medicine the seeds of it are mainly used as tonic, astringent, diuretic, and are also recommended in asthma, bronchitis, urinary discharges, hiccoughs, ozoena, heart trouble and other diseases of brain. The main purpose of this study is to explore and to provide experimental data on the traditional use of plant Dolichos biflorus. For this purpose we investigated the plant seed extract phytochemically and pharmacologically...
March 2014: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Rosa M Romero, Jose Maria Angulo, Alberto Parente, Susana Rivas, Ana Rosa Tardáguila
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a growing interest in minimally invasive treatment of primary obstructive megaureter (POM) in children. The absence of long-term follow-up data, however, makes it difficult to establish the indication for an endoscopic approach. The aim of our study is to determine the long-term efficacy of endourologic high-pressure balloon dilation of the vesicoureteral junction (VUJ) in children with POM that necessitates surgical treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records from children with POM who were treated with endourologic high-pressure balloon dilation of the VUJ from March 2003 to April 2010...
May 2014: Journal of Endourology
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